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Hntrpa iflrom Jhtfcta 




^FJTHEIR idols are silver and gold, the 
ill work of men's hands. They have 
V^ mouths, but they speak not; eyes |§|> 

have they, but they see not; they 
have ears, but they hear not; nos 
have they, but they smell not; they have 
hands, but they handle not; feet have they, 
but they walk not; neither speak they 
through their throat. They that make 
them shall be like unto them; yea, every- 

one that trusteth in them. — Psalm 1] 


Vol. XX January 

No. 1 1918 


The Missionary Visitor 




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Contents for January, 1918 


By the Editor and L S. Long, 1-4, 41 


At Ahwa, By J. M. Pittenger, 5 

At Dahanu, By Anna M. Eby, 7 

At Vyara, By Sadie J. Miller, 8 

At Anklesvar, By Kathryn Ziegler, 10 

At Vali, By Icchabhai Nersi, 11 

At Vada, By Josephine Powell 12 


Our Neighbors' Idols, By Eliza B. Miller, 13 

Pyr Worship, By Jennie Mohler, . 14 

Ganpati, By J. I. Kaylor, 15 

Offended Gods Near Jalalpor, By J. B. Emmert, 17 

A Visit to Parvati Temple, By Goldie E. Swartz, 19 

Anklesvar, By S. Olive ,Widdowson, 21 

Another View, By Wilbur B. Stover 22 

The Sukal Thirt Jatra, By D. J. Lichty, 23 

Going to Pandharpur, By H. P. Garner, 23 

The Glory of the Worship of Christ, By I. S. Long, 25 

A Rainy Trip, By S. Ira Arnold 27 

' India Notes, By Effie V. Long, 28 

Extracts from Some Letters, By Nora E. Berkebile, 30 

The Weekly Prayer Hour, Collected by Anna Beahm, .. . 43 


Pyari, By Effie V. Long, . . 

A Dinner Cooked by Idols, By Effie V. Long 


Biography of Ella Ebbert, By Samuel S. Ebbert 34 

Lillian Grisso, By Lila C. Brubaker, 35 

Anetta Cordula Mow, By Anna Beahm 36 

Hattie Miller Alley, By E. E. Blough, 38 

Howard Lee Alley, By John S. Flory, 39 

Our Farewell Message to the Home Church, By Anetta C. Mow, 

Lillian Grisso, Howard L. and Hattie Alley 41 

Freely We Give Our Gold, 'By A. I. and Nettie Mow, Eli Grisso, Mr. 

and Mrs. Wm. Ebbert, Levi C. Alley, I. A. and M. M. Miller, 42 


The Missionary Visitor 

l iii iiwi i iiiii 



Volume XX 

JANUARY, 1918 

Number 1 


Farewell to our India workers! Dec. 18 
the party left Seattle for that land on the 
S. S. Sado Maru. New workers in the 
party are: Brother and Sister Howard L. 
Alley, Sisters Ella Ebbert, Lillian Grisso 
and Anetta Mow; and with them returning 
from furlough is Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh. 

The sailing date of the India workers has 
been clouded with uncertainty from the 
time of their appointment at Wichita. It 
was necessary to secure India landing per- 
mits from the India Government, through 
the British ambassador at Washington. 
Bro. Alley had to secure exemption from 
military service, and passports must be ob- 
tained. Because of these things passage 
could not be engaged until the landing per- 
mits arrived. Now the workers are gone 
and their coming will be hailed with joy 
by our India missionaries. 

If there was a time more than another 
when we would like to emphasize the needs 
of the India field for men it is now. We 
know the spiritual fiber of our India mis- 
sionaries, and that they are willing to sacri- 
fice to the limit of life for their cause; we 
also know something of their physical 
strength and endurance, and that this is not 
without its limits — in the case of some of 
our workers it has been almost reached. 

The work in India has expanded, the 
native membership has been increased, op- 
portunities for reaping the harvest have 
multiplied, new doors have opened. The 
logical result of this from every standpoint 
would mean a need for more men on the 
field. But we must confess that while the 
number of single sisters on the missionary 
staff has increased, the number of men has 

hardly held its own. Our workers have in- 
vested their richest years in this task and 
now the doors for service are wide open, 
too numerous for entrance. It is difficult 
to say which is the more heart-breaking 
and health-breaking to the missionary — 
closed doors or open, when the open ones 
are too numerous for entrance, and when 
they know too well what will happen if 
these are not entered when opportunity af- 

Mindful, therefore, of the serious need for 
men in the India mission, we ask the church 
to unite with us in prayer for a good strong 
force of men to be called for India service 
and to be ready for Conference approval 
at Hershey next spring. Let us center our 
petitions on a definite number — say six 
men. These six will be found if the church 
prays with sufficient faith and strength for 
such an issue. Will you pray for these 
six men for India, brother? 

By mistake in the December Visitor we 
named the Mingo church, Pennsylvania, as 
the one supporting Bro. J. F. Graybill on 
the Sweden mission field. We should have 
said the Midway church, Bro. A. H. Bru- 
bacher, elder. Knob Creek church, Tennes- 
see, has voted to assume the support of 
Sister Anna Bowman Seese on the China 

A call for a Jewish Conference under the 
auspices of the Chicago Hebrew Mission 
has been issued, the same to take place in 
Chicago, Jan. 22-25, 1918, inclusive. Infor- 
mation regarding this may be secured by ad- 
dressing the Chicago Hebrew Mission, 1505 
Sawyer Ave., Chicago. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Listen to this from a brother on the for- 
eign mission field of our church, who writes 
thus: "The great need of the world at this 
time lias been a burden upon our hearts and 
a matter of prayer as to what the Lord 
would have us do in its relief. We are try- 
ing to do a small part here to bring light 
to dying souls; but we also hear the agon- 
izing cries of those in other parts of the 
world who are starving for bread for the 
body and a lack of bread for the soul. So 
my wife and I are asking my brother to 
send this letter to you with a check for 
three hundred dollars for relief work among 
the suffering. We do not wish our names 
published in connection with this." 

In the light of the above letter from a 
brother whose worldly possessions would 
hardly be a cipher in the bank account of 
some of our brethren, what do you think 
of such a spirit? When we were reading 
this letter we wondered how many of our 
church members ate turkeys of greater 
value on Thanksgiving day than the amount 
of offering they placed with the Lord. 

y ///// 
A \&\ 

One of our workers in Sweden writes us 
that we may be able to understand how 
scarce fats are in that country, when rats 
are selling there for 12 ore (3c) each. This 
will give us an idea in a quiet way of how 
much the relief money sent to Bro. Graybill, 
for Swedish poor, has been appreciated. 
The gaunt specter, Starvation, it seems 
must have a strong voice in the settlement 
of this Great War. 

Now we bid every reader a Happy New 
Year and turn over to Bro. I. S. Long and 
the India missionaries the space of this is- 
sue for their contributed articles on India. 
Bro. Long has written the remainder of the 
editorials and is responsible for gathering 
and forwarding the splendid articles on In- 
dia which appear in the following pages of 
the paper. 

Editorials by I. S. Long 
No doubt the following pages tell a grue- 
some and to the reader a painful story. 
Still it is hoped that this number will be 
both interesting and informing. One can- 
not work -effectively against a wrong about 

which he is ill informed. One cannot well 
pray effectively for God's work or workers 
in opposition to that wrong, unless he 
prays intelligently. It is hoped that this 
glimpse of idolatry, loathsome to you for 
the time being, may help you to know our 
problem a little better, and what we must 
witness to our sorrow all the time. 

Yes, this small magazine number on 
idolatry is but the outward fringe of the 
discussion. The following pages tell merely 
of a few incidents we have seen, or a few 
impressions we have had, as we go in and 
out among the people. Books and books 
on Hinduism may be purchased, even in 
America. For the description and work of 
the many million gods of the Hindu Pan- 
theon you may guess that many volumes 
are required. 

The educated Hindus know full well that 
an idol is " nothing in the world," but being 
in the vast minority, and wanting to retain 
the favor of the caste and of the old men 
and women, especially, they not only do not 
often speak out against idol worship, but 
quietly go through a form of worship with- 
out any faith soever, in which the parents 
believe very heartily. You will note that 
Hindus are not free to do as they would, or 
as we Westerners ordinarily do, once con- 
vinced of duty, for they are bound by caste 
rules which are as unalterable as the "laws 
of the Medes and Persians." 

Caste not only affects men with reference 
to the gods they worship, but with respect 
to the business they engage in. Our in- 
telligent native doctor told us the other day 
of a Brahman who returned from South 
Africa with a good deal of money. He 
opened a large boot and shoe store in Bom- 
bay, but very soon had to close down at a 
great loss, for his friends not only did not 
patronize him but, consistently with their 
caste rules, worked against him. A Brah- 
man dare not engage in the " low " business 
of selling leather. At the same time all 
Brahmans may and do wear shoes, and 
there is no breaking of caste. The same 
doctor told us of several Brahmans, in good 
standing in caste here in Vyara, who have 
liquor shops in the villages. You see it is 


The Missionary Visitor 

" not what is morally right or wrong," but 
what caste rules allow. 

The gods of the early Aryans, the Vedic 
gods, were chiefly the powers of nature, as 
the sky, sun, moon, fire, water, etc., often 
under the same names. The creation of the 
330 million gods and goddesses has come 
about in the centuries, following the en- 
trance of the Aryans into India. In those 
days, sacrifices of all sorts of animals, even 
the cow, and occasionally the human, were 
very common among all classes. Meat was 
freely eaten, and an intoxicating juice called 
" soma " was freely drunk. Usually the 
high castes in Western India do not eat 
meat or drink liquor or make any animal 
sacrifice to the gods. In Eastern India, 
however, the same high castes do make ani- 
mal offerings to the gods and eat meat as 
well. The lower castes everywhere, so far 
as my knowledge goes, make sacrifices of 
all sorts to the gods, eat meat and drink 
all the liquor they can lay hands on. 


The most common tutelary deities in In- 
dia are the " mothers," called matas, who 
are supposed to preserve from all adverse 
and demoniacal influences. There is a 
smallpox goddess, called Sitala Devi, " she 
who cools," who is worshiped by worship- 
ing the person having smallpox. However, 
when some offering is made in the hope of 
inducing the smallpox to leave, it is made 
before a stone image of some mata. 

Whatever tools one uses are at times 
worshiped. On particular days the farmer 
prays to his plow, the fisher to his net, the 
writer adores his pen, the banker his bank 
account (I fear some people in the West 
are not far different from the Indian bank- 
er), the carpenter his tools, etc., etc. 


In the pages following you will notice the 
prevalence of animal worship. Poisonous 
serpents and tigers, etc., are worshiped out 
of fear, of course. Offerings are made to 
them merely to appease their anger, or to 
win their favor. The story is told of a 
woman who had an only son, a sepoy. On 
leaving home, he left his mother an order 
for five rupees every month from his pay. 
The mother found a lar^e cobra in a white 

anthill near the house. She at once began 
to make offerings of milk and eggs to the 
snake, praying that her son might return 
safe in due time. One day she clasped both 
her hands in prayer before the snake hole, 
which worship frightened the cobra and he 
bit her on the forehead. In two hours 
she was dead. I have seen milk and flow- 
ers and meal offered over snake holes. 

Of all animals the cow is most venerated. 
We have seen cows penned in a temple, and 
women making offerings of food, which the 
cows ate from their hands, and then the 
women clasped their hands and bowed, 
touching the feet of the cows in adoration. 
The following prayer is sometimes offered 
to the cow: " O mother, be gracious to us, 
and bless us with a rich harvest. Let our 
land bring forth increase. We are thy 

humble servants.' 

■ < 

Nandi, the snow-white bull, is said to be 
the vehicle of Siva, and so is found before 
all the Siva temples. One of the Hindu 
poets has written, " Seeing a bull made of 
stone, men reverently bow down before it; 
seeing the living, moving animal, they flog 
it." Besides twisting the tail, they have 
a " going pole " with a sharp nail in the 
end, to stick the bull, to get a move on him. 

And not only is the stone image of Hanu- 
man, the monkey devotee of Rama, much 
worshiped, but the living animals have tem- 
ples built in their honor. They used to 
worry us very much when we lived at Ja- 
lalpor; for, coming in droves, they ate up 
our garden every year, and by leaping over 
our houseroof broke many tiles. On our 
chasing them away they would merely es- 
cape to some post or paling on which they 
would sit facing us and grin at us. It was 
fun at first, of which in time we much tired. 

Men, too, are deified. Once famous 
Brahmans are now worshiped. The favorite 
god of Pandharpur is Vitoba, a former 
Brahman, but now regarded as a form of 
Krishna. The famous Marathi poet, Tuka- 
rama, has now become an object of ado- 

ration, we are told. 

■ * 

The stories of the gods and goddesses 
are almost endless. Suffice it to say that 

The Missionary Visitor 


they are of course characterized as if hu- 
man, and are in fact described as being dis- 
obedient and mischievous and filled with 
vile passions toward each other. Devoted, 
intelligent Hindus are expending much ef- 
fort in spiritualizing some of these de- 
basing forms of worship. 

It might be interesting to mention the 
fact that no religious instruction soever is 
ever given the worshipers in Hindu tem- 
ples. Nor do the people worship in a body, 
sitting for a long time. They come one 
by one, make their salaams, offerings, etc., 
and pass out. tf 

Again, it is worthy of note that in all 
Hindu worship before the gods, an offering 
is made. If they have nothing else, then 
money is invariably laid before the image. 

Is it folly? Idolatry is sometimes com- 
pared to child's play. Children talk to 
their dolls as if alive. They dress, feed and 
put them to sleep. The Hindus treat their 
idols as if living beings. They offer them 
food, though they cannot eat; have different 
kinds of music before gods that cannot 
hear; and wave lights before them as if 
they can see. In the cold season they are 
given warm clothes; in the hot season they 
are fanned; and lest mosquitoes bite them 
they are made to sleep within curtains at 
night. In the morning the god is awaked, 
and at night put to bed, as if a child. 

For the past year Bro. W. B. Stover 
represented our mission in the Gujarati 
Board of Examiners in Language Study. 

The Rev. N. V. Tilak, the most eminent 
Christian poet in the Marathi language, has 
recently resigned his connection with his 
mission in order to become a Christian 
Sanyasi. He simply ceases to be depend- 
ent upon any mission, and becomes free to 
serve the Lord in any capacity, and any- 
where. He feels he is taking this step in 
response to God's voice. It is hoped that 
his life may be even more effectual for 
God's glory in the future than in the past. 

There was no little discussion again in 
the recent Bombay Council of Missions, 
over what is known as the " Conscience 
Clause." Certain Hindus are agitating the 
question much, and are urging that mis- 
sion schools and colleges either cease 
teaching the Christian Scriptures as a part 
of the curriculum or else that govern- 
ment refuse any more financial help. Boys 
and girls who attend mission schools are 
asked to attend the reading of the Scrip- 
tures and prayer, daily. While admitting 
the Tightness of the principle of the Con- 
science Clause desired, missionaries are 
slow to agree to it, for the reason that 
they have built up these schools and col- 
leges at great expense, with the express 
purpose of thereby influencing Young India 
to love and adore our Christ. 

Though India abounds in gods and great 
names, there is no doubt that Jesus is win- 
ning increasing homage year by year. If 
not outwardly, at all events in their heart 
of hearts, I believe intelligent Hindus all 
over the empire revere our Christ more 
truly than they do any god or incarnation 
or sage. This we are sometimes told to our 
face, and often admiring passages concern- 
ing Christ are both spoken and printed by 
educated Hindus. Samples of this are 
herewith given: 

A Gujarati pandit says: "Coming into 
the world to be nailed to the cross in order 
to wash away sin was the chief purpose of 
Christ's mission. In this way Christ has 
become the King of our hearts." 

And another says: "Since Jesus pro- 
claimed His own love, and that we should 
love the Lord with all our heart, . . . and 
our neighbor as ourself, how great clever- 
ness is shown by Christians! Since then, 
what a turning of the world upside down 
they have made! Seeing this effect of Je- 
sus' words, we are astonished; for the}' 
have changed the lives of thousands and 
millions of men. In respect of religion, the 
overturning of kingdoms, material improve- 
ments, introduction of arts, the showing the 
proper way to spend one's life, and in works 
of philanthropy, see what the Christians 
have done! There is nothing to do but 


The Missionary Visitor 

Benares. Golden Temples of Bishwanath 


J. M. Pittenger 

OUR neighbors worship gods and god- 
desses in numbers so many that we 
have never attempted to count them, 
nor have they. When asked why they wor- 
ship them, they never give other than one 
of these two answers: "It is the custom to 
do so," or, " Our parents and relatives, all 
our forefathers did, so we must." In these 
two sentences, reader, you have the objects 
and the motive for worshiping them, given. 

Chief among their gods are the tiger, 
snake and mountain gods. These are feared 
and worshiped by all the inhabitants of 
this wild mountain tract, the Dangs. Many 
of the gods are worshiped only in certain 
localities. Chief of the three gods named 
above is the tiger god. No village of any 
size or age is without this god, planted in 
the ground at some conspicuous place with- 
in or not far removed from its precincts. 

Here in these jungles snakes are count- 
less in number, and, as everywhere they 
dwell, are the deadly foe of the poor, igno- 
rant people among whom we live. The god 

who creates the snake and guides in its re- 
lations to men must, in some way, be ap- 
peased in his wrath. If this can be done, 
the worship rendered to him makes the 
worshiper secure from the dreaded bite and 
enmity of the snake. 

The wrath of the tiger god must, in some 
manner, be appeased, also, and the devotee, 
by this, spared the terrible experience of 
harm or death to himself or some member 
of his family. The motive of worship of 
these two gods is clearly that of fear; that 
is, that the wrath of the god can, by this 
worship, be lessened or altogether taken 
away and the devotee be spared whatever 
evil would have Kefallen him had this god 
not been satisfied by the devotions of the 
one who worships him. This fear of the 
wrath of the gods secures for them this 

The "mountain" god, which is worshiped 
regularly once each year after the ingather- 
ing of the harvest, does receive a measure 
of praise and gratitude from his devotees 
for the fruits of their fields and gardens. 
The worship of this god is not as universal 
as that of the tiger and snake gods, for the 

The Missionary Visitor 


reason that the people may have too far to 
go to reach the mountain, at or near the 
base of which they wish to render their de- 
votions. Besides, they have their crops 
harvested, and this god seems not to have 
been angry with them at any time, so there 
really is no pressing need to render thanks 
to him. (Do you know any worshipers like 
these in the homeland?) 

Understand, reader, that each god is an 
idol carved from wood or stone; or, if the 
worshipers can afford it — that is, if they are 
willing to make the needed sacrifice of 
money — it may be of brass or some one of 
the baser metals. These three gods and the 
many others like unto them are the gods 
which our poor, ignorant neighbors wor- 
ship. They are veritable gods to them. 
The form of one or more rudely-carved 
tigers on a piece of wood or stone makes, 
for them, a tiger god, and, similarly, is a 
snake god made. Often, to save time and 
expense, perhaps, the two gods are com- 
bined; that is, images of both the tiger and 
the snake are made on the same piece of 
wood or stone. Coming before this piece 
of wood or stone the devotee renders his 
devotions and goes away as empty and 
ignorant as he came. O reader, think how 
great a change would have to come to your 
heart before you could allow yourself to 
bow down before such an object to wor- 
ship it as a god! Do you wonder that 
those who worship such go away feeling 
unsatisfied? Can you, thinking of the utter 
uselessness and lack of joy in such wor- 
ship, see more beauty and blessedness in 
the God Who has loved you and saved you 
to the uttermost? Thinking of the use- 
lessness of the worship of these hideous 
idols helps one to see and to understand 
the beauty and glory of the worship of our 
Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. 

Early one beautiful morning I was rid- 
ing rapidly along on my way to Garvi, a vil- 
lage where we have had a school for a num- 
ber of years, when suddenly, at a bend in 
the road, I came upon a man who was wor- 
shiping his tiger god. Our sudden meeting 
surprised both of us. The earliness of the 
hour and the loneliness and stillness of the 
place had their influence in the measure of 
th-'s surprise-. At this place there are a 
number of the combined tiger and snake 

A Hindu Temple 

gods. Like the dense jungle of trees, bam- 
boos and undergrowth about them, these 
gods stand mute and unconscious of all 
about them. At the foot of one of these 
this villager had made his offering of ghee 
(clarified butter), rice, some spices and the 
blood of a rooster which he had just be- 
headed. There on the ground before the 
god all these things had been placed and 
the blood of the rooster spilled. With, them 
and over them had been poured a bit of the 
liquor, which is the curse of the entire 
population of every village of this densely- 
wooded land. 

The man stopped his worship when I ap- 
peared on the scene. I asked him to pardon 
me for the intrusion, and begged him not 
to stop because of my coming. He replied 
that he had just finished and would now 
return home. He then stated that he was 
from Garvi, and as I was proceeding thith- 
er, we went together. As we went on our 
way I asked him to tell me in detail how 
he had worshiped and why. He stated that 
one of his family had fallen very ill and 
had been lingering thus for several days. 
The worship had been performed to drive 
away the spirit that had caused the disease 
and to satisfy the anger of the god who had 
sent this spirit. In this statement you have 
his reason. Then the manner of the wor- 
ship was very simple. He had simply 
brought with him from his- home the things 


The Missionary Visitor 

named above, placed them one after the 
other before the god, made an humble bow 
before him, and the worship was complete. 
Bulsar, India. 


Anna M. Eby 
"Good morning, Kashi. What do you 
have in your saucer? " " I have flowers. I 
am taking them to the god," and Kashi's 
face beamed with joy and satisfaction that 
she had found some flowers to offer to 
the god, for she felt sure that the god 
would be pleased with the sweet-smelling 
flowers and she would have his favor. She 
was not going to the temple to worship, 
but to her own home. In the corner of a 
room in her father's house, were I per- 
mitted to enter, I would see the god Siva. 
Into this sacred place — this holy of holies 
— I shall never be permitted to look. Nor 
do I care to see their god. I have seen his 
image in village temples. It is a hideous 
idol. This god assumes different forms, 
some of which are the most degrading 
known in India. His attributes are indi- 
cated by symbols emblematic of death, 
pestilence and destruction. He is generally 
represented as wearing a garland of ser- 
pents and a necklace of skulls. There is 
usually a snake on his head and sometimes 
a symbol to show that the sacred river 
Ganges sprang from him. Sacred animals 
are often attached to individual gods. The 
bull is the companion of this god and it is 
on this animal he is supposed to ride. So 
an image of the bull is often seen at the 
entrance into the temple. 

Last winter we were camping near a 
Hindu temple where this god and others 
are worshiped. Every evening at about the 
same time that we met in our tent for pray- 
er, preparatory to our evening's work, we 
would hear the bell ringing at the temple. 
A few taps of the bell reminded us that 
some one had come to the temple to wor- 
ship. Every day we passed this temple as 
we went to our work in the surrounding 
villages. The temple is not a large, magnif- 
icent structure, but a simple, plain brick 
building, plastered and whitewashed, 
though beautifully carved on the inside. 

We were permitted to stand on the steps 
without and look in, but we would not dare 
desecrate the sacred place by entering. In 
the outer court, just in front of the door 
into the inner court, is an image of the 
bull. I have never seen this image without 
garlands of flowers or leaves about its neck. 
On either side of the door is an idol, placed 
in a niche in the wall. One is the image of 
the god Maruti. People worship him be- 
cause of his power and strength. The other 
is Ganpati's image. This idol is even more 
hideous than that of Siva. He has the head 
of an elephant and the body of a human 
dwarf. In this part of the country images 
and pictures of Ganpati are seen more than 
any other god. There is scarcely a Hindu 
home — high caste or low — schoolhouse, 
shop or wayside rest-house where this god's 
image or picture is not seen. He is the god 
of obstacles and is worshiped at the com- 
mencement of an undertaking. He is sup- 
posed to rule over the demon host, and has 
power to control the evil spirits that cause 
difficulties and hindrances. In the inner 
court are several gods. Shunker, in the 
center of the room, is simply a round stone, 
on top of which is a brass cobra rising 
with expanded hood. The goddess Parvati 
is next in prominence. She has the figure 

Akkalkote Swami-Guru. He Teaches 
His Disciples 


The Missionary Visitor 


of a woman in Indian costume. In this 
form she is very beautiful and manifests 
womanly virtue. In other forms this god- 
dess is very different and manifests a cruel, 
bloodthirsty, evil spirit. To the right of 
this goddess is the image of Hanuman, the 
monkey god, who is supposed to have pow- 
erful influence in scaring away evil spirits. 
To the left of Parvati is the image of Siva, 
her husband, as described above. These 
images are about a foot in height; some 
may be larger. 

To these images of brass ami stone the 
village people bring their offerings of flow- 
ers, fruit, grain, etc. To them they pray 
for cleansing and for blessings. To these 
images, the work of men's hands, they bow, 
they repeat mantras, they chant hymns. On 
coming into the temple the worshiper rings 
the bell to rouse the god from his slum- 
bers. He burns incense and waves lights. 
He slaps his face and thrusts his fingers in- 
to his ears to enable himself to concen- 
trate on his worship. Though the image 
is but stone or metal, he believes that the 
god lives in it as the soul lives in the body. 
He breathes his fervent prayer and believes 
that the god answers with his lips. The 
idol receives food from the hand of his dev- 
otee; he eats, he sleeps, he hears, he an- 
swers — so real does idol worship seem to 
the Hindu. The rude village folk do not 
enter into elaborate forms of worship, but 
merely stop before the temple door and 
make a namaskar (sign of obeisance) to 
the god. I have often seen men and wom- 
en, as they were hurrying to their work, 
stop at the temple to drop their offering of 
flowers and make their namaskar to the 
gods. Only a moment was required, and 
they went to their day's work feeling that 
they had done their religious duty. 

The atmosphere of heathen worship is 
stifling. There is not a ray of light — no 
joy, no peace, no hope, no comfort to 
those who seek it at these shrines. 

"Down before their idols falling, 
i For a little bit of love, 

Many souls in vain are crying 
For a little bit of love." 

Dahanu, India. 


Sadie J. Miller 

In this town we have caste people who, 
like in all places in India, worship .their 
different ways, but being a small town, 
comparatively, there are few in each of 
these castes. 

Here are the Parsees, fire worshipers. 
They have a small fire temple in Vyara and 
also a small busto or tower of silence. 
Even the educated and intellectual Parsees 
seem never to lose the feeling of the im- 
plicit holiness and sacredness of these 
places. Still some of them have been 
known to express their disgust at having 
to give up their loved ones to the hideous, 
greedy vultures, and how much more com- 
fort it would be to them if they could lay 
them to rest as do the Christians. There 
they might occasionally go to visit the 
grave and have more pleasure in recalling 
the last rites given those who lie there. 

The orthodox Parsees hang tenaciously 
to their religion, few of them accepting 
Christianity. No people become more en- 
raged than do the Parsees, if they learn of 
any of their people becoming Christians. 

There are not more than twenty families 
of Jains in Vyara. These are the strictest 
of Hindus, and the sect which strains at 
insects lest they be guilty of murdering 

Shunker, or Siva, Parvati and Gan- 
pati. Ganpati Is the Son 


The Missionary Visitor 





v"v. . 






WsjT' %J^ 






Kabir, Holy Man and Founder of a 

Sect Similar in Some Ways to 


some of their ancestors. But many of them 
are as guilty of swallowing a camel as were 
the Pharisees, for their religion consists, 
decidedly, in eating and drinking; it is not 
a religion of the heart. 

Mohammedans always pride themselves 
that they do not worship idols. There are 
more Mohammedans than any other one 
class in this town. 

The village people about Vyara are most- 
ly aborigines. They are not under the in- 
struction of gurus (Hindu religious teach- 
ers), as is the case with most of India's 
village people. So what they worship is 
mostly what is prompted by instinct. They 
have two main idols. One is called Sima- 
diya dev, meaning the god of the border- 
line or field line; the other is the goddess 
called Davli-madi. The former is a clay 
idol made in the form of a horse. He is 
placed on the border of each farmer's field, 
and the people believe the spirits of their 
departed friends and relatives come and 
ride on these horses, all around the fields, 
protecting the crops from enemies or any 
sort of destruction. 

The goddess is consulted in times of sick- 
ness, distress or misfortune. To her the 
women also make sacrifices. Goats, chick- 
ens and the like are offered to her. 

Having no gurus, these simple, ignorant 
people are more easily reached than the 
ordinary villager in India. Each village 
has one or more " bhagats," a sort of re- 
ligious prophet or fortune teller. In case 
of misfortune he is consulted, and tells 
them to which gods and how far they must 
go to worship or make their offerings. 

I recall two years ago, while touring, a 
family was stricken with disease. The 
bhagat of the village was called. His ver- 
dict was that a certain woman in the vil- 
lage, who had lately moved there, was de- 
mon-possessed or a witch, and that she was 
the cause of this. The neighborhood gath- 
ered and beat the woman. I went to see 
her several days before she died, her death 
being caused by the beating. 

It behooves a village woman to guard 
her tongue, for once she takes to using bad 
language or unfairly or unwisely domineer- 
ing over people, she is labeled as a witch 
of the village. Some villages have as high 
as half a dozen witches, but the peculiar 
part of it is, they being afraid of her never 
let her know she is a pronounced witch. 

I used to have great sympathy and pity 
for a witch. In a sense I do yet, but in an- 
other sense I do not. She knows very well 
why and how women get labeled; why then 
not exercise care? 

If a crowd of people gather and any wom- 
an makes herself prominent, if she be 
a witch the person who knows it holds up 
his forefinger, bends it slightly, and there 
is an immediate scatterment and escapade 
of all who have gotten the signal. It 
means "That woman is a witch, beware!" 
and every man, woman and child takes to 
his heels. 

So they are in constant terror and fear 
as to what the gods or witches may do, or 
in other words, they fear the curse. Even 
the shadow of a witch is dangerous and 
may be the cause of that child's tenacious 
fever, or of another's bad cough. 

A man wanted to become a Christian, 
but when it came to the point he remem- 
bered he had made a vow before Davli- 
madi; therefore, until that was fulfilled, he 
could not become a child of the true God. 
Could they but know the virtues of the 
Lord they would not stop to discuss such 


The Missionary Visitof 


A Christian family, who had not yet got- 
ten weaned from depending on idols, had 
a daughter who took suddenly ill. She 
seemed to have all symptoms of cholera. 
The mother came to me for medicine at an 
early hour of the morning. I used all the 
emergency remedies I had and she soon 
was better. Still, why did it come so sud- 
denly? This kept them uneasy and made 
them suspicious, as all people will get who 
believe in witches. 

They found she had been to the creek the 
day before, doing some washing, and an- 
other woman was there also. At once they 
jumped at the conclusion that the other 
woman was a witch, hence the cause of 
the sudden attack. They at once called 
the village bhagat, who waved grains of 
all sorts over her head. A chicken was 
killed, and Simadiya dev was brought into 
the house and sacrifice offered, the family 
getting the benefit of the sacrifice with a 
feast. Even the members of the family 
who live away were called home to par- 
take of the feast. Though the Lord had 
brought relief through the remedies ap- 
plied, they could not see or feel perfectly 
safe until they had done all this. 

We made it a point to go to them and 
show them, immediately after this, the fol- 
ly of such a way, and the necessity of trust- 
ing the Lord at such times. Who knows 
if this lesson has been enough, as an im- 
pression, to prevent them from repeating 
such an ordeal? We hope for better things, 
as they are taught line upon line and pre- 
cept upon precept. Such disappointments 
to missionaries and other faithful Chris- 
tians are not infrequent. We work and 
pray on, for the Lord is with us. 


Kathryn Ziegler 

JUST a short distance from our tent, 
under a tree was a place of worship. 
The idol was a flat stone on which a 
horse and rider were carved. One evening 
we saw a light under the tree. An old 
man, his daughter and a grandchild had 
brought a cocoanut, a small vessel with 
ghee (clarified butter), and in the ghee was 
a thin wick. The old man broke the co- 
coanut in front of the idol and sprinkled 
the water over it. What he said we could 

Mirzapore, Temple at Burrier Ghat 

not hear. They lit the vessel of ghee and 
set it before the god. The cocoanut they 
took home, and ate. When we asked them 
why they did this, they said they had a 
sick calf. The god was angry with them, 
so they made this offering to appease the 
god and he would make the calf well. 
" What folly! " we thought. And the picture 
was extremely sad when we learned that 
the old man had once been with the Chris- 
tians. We asked him why he had become 
a Christian, and he replied, " Because oth- 
ers had." A sad picture indeed! An old 
man, whose years were not many in this 
world, once covenanted with God to remain 
faithful till death, now again bowing and 
sacrificing to idols. Some one may say he 
was not taught properly. Did I hear you 
say the missionary neglected to teach him? 
Yes, he, with thousands of others, has been 
neglected, not by any one here, but by 
some one at home. Those on the field 
have more than they can do, and often feel 
burdened because so much has to be left 

Thus many who have been Christians are 
lost to the church because some in the 
homeland have quenched the Spirit's call to 
come and help turn millions from the vile 
idol worship to worship the pure, true God. 

May the Father hear our prayers and 
move upon the hearts of the people to heed 
the call to save the millions who are dying 
without Christ. 

Anklesvar, India. 


The Missionary Visitor 



By Icchabhai Nersi 
(Translated by It. B. Jerome) 

IN our neighborhood are non-Aryans. 
Among them are several castes, but 
most of them Bhils. There are several 
divisions of Bhil caste, such as Kathalia, 
Dungaria, Kanamia, Dubla, Tadia, etc. 
Each has a separate language and a differ- 
ent dress, yet they can intermarry. 

Ignorance among Bhils is more common 
among women than men because men as- 
sociate with other castes, and see how they 
do good and religious deeds. But among 
their women there is no mingling of castes, 
and so they are in great darkness. May 
God have mercy on such people! 

The Bhil caste is very ignorant, but con- 
cerning their gods, goddesses and their 
modes of worship, I give a little descrip- 
tion. Truly speaking, the Bhils are non- 
Aryans, but they profess to be Aryans or 
Hindus, and so they believe in the gods of 
Hindus; besides these they have their own 
gods; viz., Meladi, Verai, Chudel, Jhanpdi, 
Nano-Narsingo, Gopchuan, Khatri, Bhut, 
etc. As the people of Old Testament times 

Madura The Temple 





M* ■ 





fM Bj^^j^ 



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/||lU^, .^g^^ 

l^L! • Wmy$~ v flR *n 





Madura, The Temple 

used to make gods under a green tree, on 
hill, in valley and wherever they pleased, so 
do these people. 

If a family live alone in a field, they make 
their own god at a suitable place, usually 
under a tree, and put such things there that 
one can know a god is there. They make a 
god by collecting a few stones and putting 
them under a tree at some dangerous place 
along the road. This is the god of danger. 
If they get a place where water remains 
in the summer, there making a heap of 
stones they call it a god of water. In this 
way you can see at many places gods for 
help among these hill tribes. Oh! who 
taught them about this? Really we are 
obliged to say that they are living in the 
age of Conscience, an actual period in Hin- 
du history. 

The priests of these people are called 
Palka, Bhuva or Badva. They keep holy 
certain days of the year. During these holy 
days some priests, in order to show that 
they are not of this world, and to make 
themselves holy, eat no food prepared by 
others, use no liquor or tobacco, do not as- 
sociate with their wives, keep fasting, sleep 
on the ground, and observe many other 

In the house of the goddess people sow 
oats, wheat and other grains in a bed of 
earth and manure near the goddess. This 
they call Jamara. This Jamara is kept for 
a week in this house. To them this is the 
week of Narton, or Nauratra week. The 
priest of that goddess remains near the 
seed bed to water and to beat drum, by 
which Jamara grows and becomes large. 
One whose Jamara grows largest, that god- 
dess is believed as truer than others. They 
grow about a foot and a half in a week. 
Each night during this week women coming 
to the house of the goddess dance and sing 
praises to the goddess and priest. Inside 
the house at the same time old and young 
men — even children — dance, sing and make 
much reverence to their gods. Also the 
priest, shaking violently his head, shows 
much reverence to the goddess. On the 
eighth day, taking the seed bed outside 
they sink it in a pond, which closes the ob- 
servance of the festival of Narton. 

Besides these they keep other festivals 
of the Hindus also; viz., Holi, Devali, and 


The Missionary Visitor 



Dashera. The Hindus observe these festi- 
vals, knowing the real intent of them, but 
such is not the fact among the Bhils. They 
simply eat, drink and dance without know- 
ing the real meaning. 

In the beginning of each year they per- 
form a ceremony with the understanding 
that no evil will be done to them by the 
destroying angel during the year. All fam- 
ilies of a village buy a lamb, sharing equal- 
ly the cost. They take the lamb outside 
the village, erect two posts at green trees 
(sign of a gate), and these two posts are 
fastened with a rope or new grass, to which 
are tied the ears and tail of the lamb, and 
the flesh is eaten. They also make gar- 
lands of leaves for their home. When the 
lamb is slain they sprinkle blood on the 
garlands between the green posts and also 
on garlands of their homes, which are tied 
on their door-posts. They understand in 
this way that if they give a lamb to the de- 
stroying angel no misfortune will occur. 
Seeing them perform such ceremonies 
brings to my mind the day when the chil- 
dren of Israel performed the ceremony that 
protected them from the destroying angel 
on the night that he slew the firstborn of 
Egypt. How such ceremonies came among 
these people is a wonderful thing. 


Josephine Powell 

WHAT I have seen of our neighbors 
at worship has led me to think 
that there are almost as many dif- 
ferent kinds and ways of worship as there 
are castes and sects in India. The haughty 
Brahmin goes to the temple with his mon- 
ey and grain to appease the wrath of his 
gods. He enters the temple, after having 
rung a bell to wake up the god; then bow- 
ing to the idol he puts his offering of mon- 
ey and grain before it, goes out, walks 
round and round the temple, each time 
stopping at the window to call to the god; 
this done he goes again and bows to the 
idol and his worship is finished. This often 
is done in a very formal, irreverent way, 
but he considers his" duty finished, for he 
has kept the custom of his fathers; and, 
after all, this is about all they know of 
why they worship. If asked why they do 
tjiis or that they invariably say, " It is our 

Rama's Marriage 
Picture represents the ceremony of 
Rama's marriage with Sita. Rama — in- 
carnation of Vishnu. 

custom. Our fathers did this way, there- 
fore we do it." 

. When the mahar, or low-caste man, goes 
to his temple he usually takes a chicken or 
a cocoanut; if a chicken, he takes it in the 
temple and cuts its head off, sprinkling the 
blood on the god. The head is buried in 
the temple, and the chicken he takes home 
for a feast for his family. -If he has taken 
a cocoanut he breaks it inside the temple, 
sprinkles the milk on the god, takes the 
cocoanut home and eats it. 

Sacrificing a buffalo each year is another 
form of worship. This is done to keep 
away all kinds of disease, such as cholera, 
smallpox, etc. The day the animal is to be 
sacrificed some of the people start out 
early, taking the buffalo with them. They 
stop at each temple in and around the vil- 
lage, where they go through a formal wor- 
ship. This is kept up until evening, each 
temple and shrine being visited. By this 
time the animal is very much exhausted, 
but with beating and beating it, they go on 
to where it is to be sacrificed. They then 
drug the animal with intoxicants, and take 
it to one of the temples, where it is slain 
in the most cruel way with an axe. The 
man who is to kill it is purposely, made so 
drunk that he hardly knows what he is do- 
ing; consequently, he hacks the animal here 


The Missionary Visitor 


and there, making him furious, and finally 
cuts off his head. The head is then buried 
in front of the temple, while the remainder 
is given to the low-caste to eat. Hundreds 
of people from all castes witness this scene, 
and seem to enjoy it like the bull-fight in 
other countries. 

As to the impressions this kind of wor- 
ship has upon the Christian heart, they are 
hard to be described; but suffice it to say 
that a feeling of utter helplessness comes 
and makes one realize more and more the 
need of divine help in trying to lead these 
people to the Light. It impresses one of 
the fact, as stated in the Scriptures, that all 
idolatry is vain and empty, and all idol 
worshipers are blind, foolish, and ignorant, 
" O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, . . . how often 
would I have gathered thy children to- 
gether, even as a hen gathereth her chick- 
ens under her wings, and ye would not! " 

Vada, Thana District, India. 


Eliza B. Miller 

WE are surrounded by a multitude of 
idolatrous people, the Hindus, who 
are the idol worshipers of India. 
Four out of every five in the population are 
Hindus. The population is 315,000,000; so 
the population devoted to the worship of 

Krishna, Ralia, His Wife. Most Popu- 
lar Incarnation of Vishnu, Second 
of Hindu Triad 

men-made gods is about 250,000,000. The 
number of gods and goddesses worshiped 
is said to be 330,000,000; there is more than 
one to every Hindu. These gods represent 
almost everything imaginable and many 
things you never imagined — men, animals, 
birds, reptiles, trees, plants, stones, money, 
and what not? Brahma is the Creator; 
'Vishnu is the preserver; and Siva is the de- 
stroyer. Hanuman is the monkey god; 
Ganesh is the elephant-headed god; Ma- 
hadev is the bull; Parvati, the goddess, is 
his wife; Ram is the hero who overcame 
Ravana in Ceylon, and Sita is his wife, the 
goddess. The banyan, the pipal trees and 
the tulsi plant are worshiped. The peacock, 
the cobra, and the cow are sacred (?) and 
must be worshiped. One wonders some- 
times whether the people themselves know 
what should and what should not be wor- 

Some one has said, " Hindus are willing 
worshipers; but they are not particular at 
all what they worship. They reason about 
this way: ' God is everywhere present. 
Worshiping the thing, therefore, I wor- 
ship God in the thing.' He worships, then, 
as a result, anything and everything: the 
sun, moon, stars, the sea, rivers, wells, 
trees, bushes, sticks, iron, brass, copper, 
clay, wood and if there be any other thing, 
that too. And you will say, ' How utterly 
foolish!'" Yes, it does seem foolish; but 
they believe this way. That is their ground 
for worshiping this way. Rooted and 
grounded in their belief? Yes, more deep- 
ly perhaps than you are in your Christian 
belief. Devoted to their idols? You would 
think so if you saw them streaming to the 
shrines and temples day after day, and at 
times of special pilgrimage to certain 

These gods are set up in the homes, tem- 
ples and open places under trees and on the 
hills. Idolatry is no secret; but a public 
announcement of its popularity through its 
many shrines and temples and private al- 
tars. The color placed on the forehead of 
almost every worshiper also proclaims the 
popularity of idolatry. It is said that the 
color on the forehead (what some people 
like to call the caste mark, but should be 
called the god-mark) indicates the god wor- 
shiped. Sometimes one is inclined to think 


The Missionary Visitor 


that the more paint on the forehead the 
more devotion is proclaimed on the part of 
the devotee. 

" There is an officiating priest at every 
temple. He washes the idol every morning 
by pouring water over it, puts red pigment 
(paint) composed of sandal wood and oil on 
its forehead, ornaments it with flowers, and 
strews flowers round about it. He sweeps 
the temple, then cleans it by smearing with 
cow dung every seven or eight days; and 
every night lights a lamp, or several lamps, 
before the image." The god must have 
something by which to see (?). He must 
also have something to eat (?), and a bell 
to wake (?) him when the worshipers ar- 
rive. This refers to public worship. 

" In all respectable houses there is an 
apartment called the gods' house — a chapel, 
say — in which the images are kept, ranged 
for the most part in rows. Almost always 
there is a special family idol, a tutelary god 
or goddess, which has been worshiped in 
the house perhaps for generations. A 
priest comes in the morning, enters the 
chapel, takes down the deities, bathes them 
in a pail of water, takes them out one by 
one and dries them well, sets them up again 
in their places, anoints them with red pig- 
ment, and offers certain prayers. Or the 
homage may be rendered by the eldest son 
of the family, if his theological knowledge 
enables him to do it properly. The male 

members of the family then pray separately 
to the idols. The women and children gen- 
erally place a few flowers on or near the 
deities and set some fruit before them." In 
some households no food is taken without 
some having been first offered to the dei- 

This homage and worship before the 
gods goes on day after day. It is a pathetic 
spectacle to the worshiper of the true God. 
He turns away from it all, grieved in spir- 
it and with a prayer that this devotion, so 
sincere, may be turned to the One Who can 
hear and see and bless. 

Could the offerings, the prayers and the 
sacrifices made to the 330,000,000 gods and 
goddesses in India be turned to the God 
of heaven what a mighty cloud of praise 
and adoration would ascend to the heavenly 
throne! To turn this worship to strange 
gods, to turn the worshipers to the true and 
living God, to represent the true and the 
living God and Jesus Christ His Son, the 
only Savior of the world, we have given 
our lives. The task is a stupendous one 
and can be accomplished only by the pow- 
er of the Holy Spirit in our lives and in 
the lives of those whom we would teach, 
and in the message which we present. For 
the salvation of this people we wait, we 
pray, we work, we spend our lives. 

Bulsar, India. 


Jennie Mohler 

A PYR is a Mohammedan saint. There 
is a tomb of one of these saints near 
Bulsar, where hundreds of people 
worship each year, each expecting to be 
healed by having cast out the evil spirit 
which causes his disease. 

Years ago a man who had been sick for 
some time claimed he had received a reve- 
lation, in which he was told to go and wor- 
ship at this tomb and that he should be 
cured. He came, and after remaining and 
worshiping here for some time he regained 
his health. He returned home and told 
others of how he was healed, and they told 
others until it became widely known. Now 
Hindus, Parsees, and Mohammedans come 
in great numbers to worship here, all min- 

gling, those of different castes living side 
by side. 

The tomb is near a large pond (called a 
tank) of stagnant water, where all the peo- 
ple bathe, wash their clothes and drink, all 
of which one may see at the same time 
within a few feet of one another. One won- 
ders if this looks as it did at the Pool of 
Siloam. If the man healed by Jesus looked 
anything like some of these poor creatures 
no wonder that the loving heart of Jesus 
was moved to compassion so that He 
healed him. 

These poor people, who are from the 
more ignorant classes, come here with their 
whole family and all they possess. There 
are buildings here where they can live, each 


The Missionary Visitor 


family having a room, as long as they wish 
to stay. Here they stay and spend as much 
time as they desire in worshiping. 

The main tomb and place of worship is 
inside a building about twenty-four feet 
square. About this tomb there is a railing 
of brass about two feet high. Outside of 
this there is another railing about five feet 
high. Just outside of this the people wor- 
ship, standing, kneeling, sitting or lying, oc- 
casionally kissing the base of the railing. 
It seems the priest is the only one allowed 
to go inside this railing. 

Outside, on the west of the building, 
there is another tomb, where they bring 
their offerings of flowers and worship, last 
of all stooping over and kissing it. Then 
on the south there is another tomb, and on 
the east four, side by side. They worship 
at each one of these, leave their offering of 
flowers and kiss the floor. One woman 
stood and rubbed her nose on one of these 
for some time, meanwhile murmuring some- 
thing, then kissed the spot. 

By the side of the four tombs one Hindu 
woman was dhooning for the half hour that 
we were there and probably much longer. 

She was sitting on the ground with one 
foot extended, swaying her body, from the 
hips, back and forth, then from side to side 
as far as the body could bend, almost strik- 
ing her head on the ground in front. Her 
hair had come loose and was flying about, 
making her look hideous. All this time she 
was repeating something over and over in a 
loud voice. This was her way of praying 
to the spirit of this dead man to have cast 
out the evil spirit which caused her disease, 
so she could be healed. She does not know 
that it is healing of the soul that she needs. 
How can she know when no one has told 
her and there is no one to tell her? 

There were also others who were wor- 
shiping in the same way. Some of them 
looked as though they scarcely had the 
strength to sit up. Others were worshiping 
in a quiet way. 

When asked whether they did not be- 
come dizzy and their heads ache when they 
did this they said no, it clears their heads. 
Would it clear our heads to spend so much 
energy in worshiping our God? 

Bulsar, India. 


J. I. Kaylor 

ONE of the principal gods that the 
people of Vada worship is the god 
of wisdom, Ganpati (pronounced 
gun-putty). The festival to this god comes 
about September or October. This god is 
of the form of a man's body, with the head 
of an elephant. At this festival they either 
make the idol at their own house or bring 
from the bazar, where they are made for 
sale at a price anywhere from a half cent 
to $50, according to size and finish. It is 
made of clay, painted and decorated. They 
have a big time when they bring it home. 
The high caste set it in a palanquin, have 
drums beaten and other music, a big show 
and parade. If a European, new in the 
country, would see and hear the parade, he 
would think that some highly-honored man 
or woman was being borne about, but on 
looking closely would find only a clay idol. 
He would wonder at the great honor that 
these people give to a mere lump of clay. 
After reaching the house a Brahman con- 

secrates it with charms and ceremonies, 
saying that it is now alive, or the spirit of 
the god now dwells in it. They keep it at 
their house for from one to twenty-one 
days, during which time they have all kinds 
of merry-making and festivities, the danc- 
ing girl also being present. They place 
a mirror near the idol, and decorate it with 
all kinds of perfumes and flowers and 
blades of grass. The Brahmans take mon- 
ey for its worship. They do not claim that 
this god is divine among the great gods, 
yet they give it more concern and attention 
than the other gods. If some new work is 
to be done or commenced, it will not be 
successful unless this god is first worshiped. 
It is the god of wisdom, therefore a child 
on starting to school learns to write its 
name and " I fall at thy feet," the very 
first thing. They use the name much in 
marriage ceremonies, also. They say that 
this god likes intoxicants very much, so 
they satisfy him with many drugs. His 


The Missionary Visitor 


favorite animal on which to ride is the rat, 
so the figure of a rat is placed before him. 

There are several stories as to the origin 
of this Ganpati. There was one god, Siva, 
and his wife, Parvati. He was so addicted 
to intoxicants that he lived away from 
home much of the time and cared little for 
his home. One day, as his wife was at 
home alone, before taking her bath, she 
covered her whole body with a fragrant 
substance; then, with the scum that came 
off, she made a child, and placing a stick 
in his hand stood him in her door and 
told him to allow no one to come in while 
she was bathing. Siva was just then 
seized with a desire to go home, and came 
while she was bathing. When he came 
to the door the guard told him that there 
was no permission to go in. The child 
did not know that it was his father, who 
became very angry and fell onto the child 
and beheaded him. This of course made 
the mother feel very bad, and she said 
to the husband, " As a rule you are not at 
home and as a pastime I made this child, 
and now you have come and killed him, 
what shall I do?" Then to pacify her he 
brought the head of a demon which he had 
just beheaded, and put it onto the body 
of the child. So in this way they say 
Ganpati got his man's body and elephant's 

Another story they tell of him. When 
he was born the 330 million gods came to 
see him. One of them that was coming to 
Siva's house looked down to the ground 
continually. The Brahm god asked him 
why he did not look up; he answered, "I 
fear that if I should look upon Ganpati his 
head will fall off." After being persuaded 
by the other gods he did begin to look up, 
and his sight did fall upon Ganpati and 
his head fell off at once. Now that the 
mother should not feel so bad this god 
brought an elephant's head and stuck it up- 
on him. 

In the Hindu scriptures another story is 
written about Ganpati. One day Ganpati 
was sitting on his favorite beast, the rat, 
going to the mountain of Siva. He reached 
the foot of the mountain safely, but there 
he fell into the company of a large crowd 
of other gods, all riding their favorite ani- 
mals in great parade. Because of the 
crowd Ganpati's rat fell down. The moon, 


JBP*f r^- V--U»* ■■-■ > 

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*££;■■ :l : 


looking down from above, began to laugh. 
This made Ganpati very mad and he cursed 
the moon, so that no one should ever see its 
face again. Therefore the moon covered 
its face and everything was dark. All be- 
came afraid at such a calamity and the 330 
million gods began to implore him to re- 
verse the curse. Then he said, " Once a 
year only no one should see your face." 
So even today the Hindus are very careful 
on a certain night that they do not see the 
face of the moon, and if they need to go 
out they carry their umbrellas over them 
very carefully. This we have seen here 
many times. If they do accidentally see 
the moon on this fateful night they think 
that some one will blame them for theft 
or some other crime. 

Now, back to the disposition of the idol 
that they have- put in their houses. On the 
big day of the festival each family or group 
of families in the various castes will carry 
this decorated idol to some sea, lake, river, 
or well, with great ceremony and parade. 
Then some one goes into the water, takes 
the god, dives down and deposits it there. 
Then it is all finished and they go home. 
They bury it in the water, because they are 
afraid of its getting broken if they leave 
it in their houses. If broken they fear 
some great calamity. 


The Missionary Visitor 


O foolish and ignorant people! There is 
only one true and great God of the uni- 
verse, and He calls you to turn from idols 
and serve Him alone. " Thou shalt have 
no other gods before Me," He says. Idol- 
atry has been the means of the downfall of 
many peoples and nations. God calls all 
idolaters foolish, blind, and ignorant. They 
are confounded, and at last they shall all 
be cast into the lake of fire that shall burn 
forever and ever, which is the second death. 
There is no salvation and forgiveness of 

sins with any other than the one true God 
and His Son Jesus Christ. Because people 
love darkness rather than light, have no 
love for the true God and do not worship 
Him as such, they have left Him and made 
unto themselves images of all kinds and 
designs: "O turn ye, O turn ye, for why 
will ye die? Come unto Me and I will give 
you rest," is the invitation of Him That 
loveth every one. 

Vada, Thana District, India. 


I. ?». Emmert 

WHAT is said in this article applies 
specially t o several aboriginal 
tribes among whom we are work- 
ing. No attempt is made to mention all 
their gods or to describe all their religious 
ceremonies. A few examples may serve to 
illustrate their manner of worship and its 
object. The ceremonies described relate to 
times of sickness and death and to business 

Every village and almost every separate 
cluster of houses has its own shrines, but 
some of them are more popular and more 
widely patronized than others. One such 
is in honor of the god Samra, and is near 
the town of Chikhli. Samra is also the 
name of a kind of tree, and the shrines of 
this god are always placed under a tree of 
this kind. The god in this particular shrine 
is represented by a rough, uncarved stone. 
A very interesting story is told as to how 
the present shrine came to be built. 

One time a Hindu farmer came by during 
the rainy season, and for some reason sat 
down on the little earthenware shrine, 
which, like a large, inverted crock, covered 
the god. This so angered the god, it is 
said, that he caused the offender to stick 
fast. Soon a large crowd assembled to see 
the wonder. The priest, whom we shall 
call " the bhagat," also came. He consult- 
ed the god and learned that it demanded 
some vow from the offender before he 
would be released. The victim of the god's 
anger vowed to replace the defiled earthen- 
ware shrine by a much larger one built of 

brick and mortar. He was released, and 
true to his vow, he erected the one which 
now covers the little god. Another rather 
popular shrine is dedicated to a goddess 
who is supposed to have sixty-four spirits. 
The people are afraid of their gods, for 
they are supposed to bring speedy punish- 
ment to those who neglect or offend them. 
Any sort of trouble or disaster is supposed 
to be the expression of the wrath of some 
offended god. But at once a difficulty aris- 
es, for they are puzzled to know which of 
many may be offended. However, they 
have a way of finding out to their satisfac- 
tion. Suppose a man falls sick: they at 
once set about to find out which offended 
god brought on the sickness. In the even- 
ing a small quantity of rice or other grain 
and a coin are tied up in the corner of the 
sick man's clothing and allowed to remain 
there during the night. The next morning 
the bhagat is called. He takes the grain 
and coin from the man's clothing and 
places them in his own left hand. As he 
mentions the name of each god and goddess 
in turn he presses the back of his right 
thumb on the coin and grain. When the 
name of the offended god or goddess is 
mentioned the coin and a few grains are 
supposed to adhere to the thumb. The 
bhagat then declares what offering must 
be made to appease the anger of this god. 
The offering varies with circumstances. 
Sometimes a white or black cock is - de- 
manded; sometimes it is a black or white 
goat that the god wants. The offering 


The Missionary Visitor 


must always be a male. When the sick man 
promises to offer the required sacrifice he 
is free from the anger that rested on him. 
In case he recovers, he makes the offer- 
ing at some convenient time, which may be 
days, or months, or even years later. Some- 
times it is neglected entirely until another 
sickness comes to him or a member of his 
family, when conscience or the bhagat re- 
minds him of the unfulfilled promise as the 
cause of the renewed anger of the god. The 
fear of this renewed anger spurs them on 
to carry out their vows. The bhagat al- 
ways gets a freewill offering for his serv- 
ices. This varies from eight to thirty-two 
or even sixty-four cents. Sometimes it is 
only a drink of liquor. 

The manner of making the offering is 
something like this: The cock or goat is 
taken to the shrine indicated by the bhagat. 
Its head is cut off and blood is sprinkled on 
the god; the head is placed before the 
shrine. A cocoanut is broken and a piece 
of the kernel and a money offering are 
placed before the shrine. The worshiper 
bows before the god, but spoken prayer, as 
we know it, is not common. The edible 
portions of the victim are roasted and eaten 
by the man who is fulfilling his vow, and 
by his friends, also the bhagat who serves 
at that particular shrine. All the worship- 
ers indulge very freely in liquor during 
such feasts, and the bhagat is as adept 
with the bowl as the others. 

One of the worshipers at these two 
shrines says that during the eight dry 
months of the year worshipers come there 
every Sunday and Tuesday. Sometimes 
four hundred are present at one time. At 
such occasions as many as twenty goats 
and forty or fifty cocks are sacrificed. It 
is easily seen that during the course of a 
year the total expense incurred by the wor- 
shipers at these two shrines alone for vic- 
tims, cocoanuts, freewill offerings and liq- 
uor runs up into thousands of rupees. 

What they do when death enters the 
home is pathetic indeed. Death defiles all 
the mourners, and being defiled they may 
not approach their gods. After ten days 
have passed the friends assemble to honor 
the dead. A rude wooden or stone image 
is set up to represent the departed one. 
This image is clothed at the time it is set 

up, and once a year all the images of dead 
friends are reclothed and worshiped. Of 
course the clothes are of the crudest sort 
and are made without a stitch of sewing. 
Heavy liquor drinking is always a promi- 
nent feature of such occasions. The women 
present wail and mourn. They honor the 
memory of the dead more to keep the de- 
parted spirits from coming back and tor- 
menting them than as a mark of love and 

There is a goddess whose shrines may be 
found in every hamlet where these people 
dwell. She is supposed to preside over the 
growing crops, and they are careful to do 
her much honor during the period of 
growth. They worship her on nine differ- 
ent days during the season. On each of 
eight days a cock is offered to her and on 
the ninth a goat. As at other times, the 
victim is eaten by the worshipers, and 
liquor drinking is an important part of the 
affair. The object of the ceremony is to 
cause the goddess to protect their crops 
from rats, grasshoppers, ants and other 

It is easily seen how those who turn to 
Christianity at once get into difficulties so- 
cially. It is hard for them to break loose 
entirely from their former social life, yet 
to continue it subjects them to severe temp- 
tations to drink and to engage in idolatry. 
Some are resisting manfully, and your 
prayers for them are solicited. 

Jalalpor, India. 

o£* «<$* 


Under an old act of Parliament in 1579, 
every Scotch householder with $2,500 to his 
credit had to provide, says The North- 
western Christian Advocate, under penalty 
of $50, " a Bible and Psalme buke in vulgare 
language in their housiss for the better in- 
struction of thame selrhs and their fameiljes 
in the knowledge of God." The condition 
of the times gave added value to such a 
regulation. Books were few and the Bible 
was a treat. Being compelled to buy it 
may have been a financial hardship; but 
having it and next to no other book at all 
made opportunity for good intellectual and 
spiritual delight. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Tarvati Temple 


Goldie E. Swartz 

HAVE you ever been to Parvati Tem- 
ple? " asked our pandit (language 
teacher), a high-caste Brahman, one 
morning during Marathi conversation. 

" No, we have not visited there yet, but 
for some time have been thinking of go- 
ing," was the answer. 

"Then may I go with you?" was the 
quick, eager response. 

" We shall be glad to have you accom- 
pany us," was the reply, anticipating the 
value of a guide whom we know, who is a 
worshiper at such shrines and familiar with 
the various gods of the Hindus. 

The day was set for Saturday afternoon. 
At 3:30 the tongas were waiting at the 
door to convey us there. Brother and 
Sister Lichty, who were with us here at 
the Missionary Rest Home for a few days' 
rest, Brother and Sister Garner and myself 
composed the party. The two-mile drive 
through the country to this place was beau- 
tiful. Arriving at the foot of the hill we 
found our pandit waiting for us. His home 
being near there, that became the conven- 
ient meeting place. There we left our car- 
riages and proceeded to climb the many 
stone steps leading to the temple, which is 
located on the top of Parvati Hill, the hill 
receiving its name from one of the chief 
gods there. 

Entering the door of the high-walled en- 
closure our eyes fell first on a stone statue, 
the sacred bull of India, and just beyond on 
the temple of Parvati. Within it is a most 

repulsive looking object, the image of this 
goddess, the goddess of death. " She is 
represented as a black woman with four 
arms. In one hand she has a weapon, in 
another the giant she has slain; with the 
two others she is encouraging her wor- 
shipers. For earrings she has two dead 
bodies; she wears a necklace of skulls. 
Her only clothing is a girdle made of dead 
men's hands, and her fiery tongue protrudes 
from her mouth. Her eyes are red as those 
of a drunkard, and her breasts are smeared 
with blood. She stands with one foot on 
the thigh and the other on the breast of 
her husband, Siva." In the Hindu sacred 
books this legend about Parvati's death is 
recorded: Parvati's father had made a 
great feast, to which he invited all the not- 
able personages except Siva, one of his 
sons-in-law. At this indignity shown her 
husband Parvati was so chagrined that she 
refused to attend herself. " During the 
feasting there was a great fire burning in 
the courtyard, into which Parvati threw 
herself, whereupon her husband appeared 
upon the scene, and thrusting his spear in- 
to her burning body, flew through space 
with it, and, as he went, parts of the body 
fell to the earth, and each place which re- 
ceived a portion of the body became 
sacred." At a certain place in Assam, in 
the center of a small lake, her eye is said 
to have fallen, and it became a bright burn- 
ing light. Investigation has shown a light 
burning on the water, sure enough, but it 


The Missionary Visitor 


is that of a little lamp fixed just at the wa- 
ter's surface. After dark its oil is replen- 
ished by the priest, who tells his devotees 
that it is Parvati's eye. Without question 
they believe this to be true. 

So sacred is this temple that we were not 
permitted to go even within a distance of 
eight or ten feet of the door. Inside sat 
some worshipers praying and trying to win 
favor of the goddess with music. Outside 
of the temple, yet on the same stone plat- 
form, at each corner, in separate enclosures, 
are other smaller idols, some of the incar- 
nations of Parvati, horrible images, yet 
representing characteristics such as light, 
beauty and wisdom. Her incarnations, like 
those of other gods, vary greatly in form 
and appearance to suit the varied tastes of 
the people in their imaginations and emo- 
tions. So here they appear differently 
from those at some of the other shrines. 

Near by is another image, that .of Gan- 
pati, the son of Siva and Parvati, who 
wears the head of an elephant on his hu- 
man body. Many tales are circulated in ex- 
planation of this. One is this: While Par- 
vati was taking a bath one day she set the 
child at the door to watch that no one 
might come in. Siva and Parvati did not 
get on well together, and so Siva absented 
himself from home for long periods of 
time. On this day returning, intoxicated as 
usual, after a long absence, Ganpati at the 
door, not remembering his father, hindered 
him from entering. Siva, not recognizing 
the child as his son, was angered at such 
seeming impudence, and in his rage cut off 
the child's head. Later, realizing what he 
had done, he went out to get another head, 
for he being a god could easily repair the 
wrong. Xhe first creature he saw was an 
elephant, from which he quickly severed 
the head,, and taking it back, placed it on 
the headless body of his son. So from that 
time forth "Ganpati is always to be recog- 
nized by his elephant head. Howeve'r grim 
and offensive, he is a god, sacred and 
adored. In every religious ceremony the 
god of prosperity is the first to b^ wor- 

From this court we are guided to the 
temple of Siva.. The god Siva is believed 
to be one of the three chief incarnations 
of God, who came in the form of man. Of 

the ten principal incarnations of this deity, 
in his fourth form he appears as a demon 
rather than a god. He wears a- garland of 
serpents, a string of skulls for a necklace, 
and. in every respect forms as ghastly, re- 
pulsive and malignant a character as the 
Oriental mind can depict. 

In the Hindu pantheon is a triad of chief 
deities known as Brahma the Creator, Vish- 
nu the Preserver, and Siva the Destroyer. 
Of these gods Siva seems to be the most 
universally revered, undoubtedly due to the 
fact that in some of his incarnations he 
becomes such an object of terror to his 
devotees as to create fear, and fear added 
to the already superstitious mind pro- 
duces great motive power. 

The third temple on the hill is that of 
Kartjkswami. Owing to women being in 
the party we were not taken closer to this 
place than the court gate. Kartikswami it 
is said will never look at a woman nor 
allow one to come near him. He told his 
mother that women were too troublesome 
and so would never marry. Such an aver- 
sion has he for womankind that he pro- 
nounced this curse: "Any woman who 
comes to see me shall become a widow." A 
worse fate cannot befall a Hindu woman, 
and naturally enough none visit him. 

The Hindu worship in and about Poona 
is centered at this large ancient shrine. We 
learned from the accompanying priest and 
our pandit that the place was built more 
than three centuries ago, and is managed 
by a committee of seven, appointed from 
time to time. The upkeep of the place is 
provided by the government from the rev- 
enue of certain villages, which amounts to 
an income of five thousand rupees annually. 
The line of priest has increased to such a 
number that they now take turns, year 

Deeper than those from what we were 
told, were the impressions made from what 
our eyes beheld. Coming and going were 
high-caste Brahmans, well-dressed, learned, 
intelligent-looking, as well as haggard-look- 
ing, ignorant, downtrodden, low-caste Hin- 
dus, all for the same purpose, to pay obei- 
sance to the creature, knowing not the Cre- 
ator. There on a most imposing hilltop, 
from which one can view the landscape in 
all directions and behold a most beautiful 


The Missionary Visitor 


handiwork of God, the people go and wor- 
ship most hideous, obscene, sensual, sug- 
gestive, and repugnant images, endeavoring 
to get to the Creator through the man- 
made creature. There they subject them- 
selves to most horrible practices in their 
search of God and deliverance from sin. 

To witness the people at idol-worship is 
to view an appalling, revolting, yet pitiful 
spectacle. One is struck first with horror, 
then with aversion, and lastly, seeing their 
faith in these lifeless images, which are 
without avail and disappointing, the gloom 

of sin only intensified, one's spirit goes out 
in mercy and compassion. 

Oh, that the Glad Tidings might be has- 
tened to them of the wonderful Savior, 
Christ, Who fully saves and fully satisfies 
the longing of the human heart, and in 
Whom is no disappointment! Holy Father, 
speed the day when Thy children will have 
made known to these millions in darkness, 
Thyself the True, Living, Eternal, Spiritual, 
Power-giving God, and Thy Son Christ, the 
Loving, Compassionate Redeemer of the 
souls of India! 

No. 2 Phayre Road, Poona, India. 


S. Olive Widdowson 

ONE beautiful, calm evening we went 
out to Andada, a village two miles 
distant from Anklesvar. As we 
neared the village we heard strange sounds, 
women singing weird songs, men yelling at 
regular intervals and the dull thud of a 

As the teacher's house was in another 
part of the village we sent our cart there 
and went in the direction of the sound. 

On a road leading into the village they 
had kindled a fire. Two men were seated 
opposite each other with the fire between 
them, " dhooning." They were taking 
turns, rapidly swinging the head down into 
the flames and up again, and at regular in- 
tervals uttering such yells as you would 

expect to hear in an insane asylum. The 
dull thud of the drum seemed to keep time 
for them and the women singing. At one 
side some men were standing, holding a 
young buffalo. One man had a rusty 
sword. Presently they passed around some 
parched corn, which they said if eaten 
would keep the eater from taking cholera. 
They were trying to appease the evil chol- 
era spirit and keep the dread disease from 
their village. 

These ceremonies ended, they started in 
a procession, taking the buffalo to the next 
village, where, after offering it before a 
large idol, they would have a feast. May 
they soon be undeceived and worship the 
One Who can help them. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Wilbur B. Stover 

IT was the day of the coronation, Dec. 
12, 1911, in India. Suggestions semi- 
official had been received that all 
schools should have a holiday, and a cele- 
bration of some kind, so the municipal 
schools of the town of Anklesvar fell into 
line with the suggestion. 

There was an assembly of children in 
the town hall, and the building was crowd- 
ed. Many of the parents and city fathers 
were present. A large picture of King 
George stood on the table in front, and a 
wreath of flowers was tastefully entwined 
about it. The children sang songs and 
made their bows to the picture in the 
frame, singing the praises of the emperor 
and king. Others walked past the picture, 
bowing as they passed. It was part of the 
program. It was the plan of the songs. 

There sat by me an old friend, a Hindu 
who had lived in Bombay, but who was 
now living in retirement at Anklesvar. He 
has since passed away. He put his hand 
on my knee and whispered, " That is what 
idolatry means to us. That, and nothing 
more." I made no reply. There was no 
idolatry in the songs and speeches of the 
children, and the old gentleman would 

have me believe that this is the same thing 
that happens every day when Hindus go to 
the temples and bow before the idols. I 
think perhaps he, being an enlightened and 
advanced old man, may have had no more 
in idolatry than the children have in their 
songs when they bow before the picture 
of the king, but to the masses of the peo- 
ple I am quite sure that idolatry means 

The thought which the dear old gentle- 
man wished to convey to me was doubtless 
this, that the purpose of doing this appar- 
ent honor to the picture was to do honor to 
the king; that the picture really was noth- 
ing except for what it stood, and when any 
bowed to the picture at all, he thought 
not of the picture but of the king. This 
may perhaps be the thought of the ad- 
vanced classes who think, and who con- 
tinue their idolatry, but it is certainly not 
the thought of those who have not learned 
to think, and who blindly follow in the 
footsteps of their ancestors. Their thought 
of it is that the idol is the god, therefore 
a thing to be worshiped. 

Anklesvar, India. 

Temple at Bhubaneshwar, India 


The Missionary Visitor 



D. J. Lichty 

SUKAL THIRT is the name given to 
a small village situated on the north 
bank of the Nahrbudda River, halfway 
between Anklesvar and Vali, and is quite 
accessible from either of these mission sta- 

Among the Hindu people there is a leg- 
end to the effect that many years ago a 
certain king was in search of a remedy to 
cure him of the dreadful disease of leprosy. 
He was told that it would be necessary for 
him to take a long journey in quest of a 
place where the black flag he should carry 
with him would turn white. Here he was 
to bathe and be healed. At the village of 
Sukal Thirt the flag turned white and he 
became as free of lepros}'' as legend can 
make a man who bathes in a sacred stream. 

The annual pilgrimage in memory of this 
incident is one of the largest in Western 
India. It is held in November at the time 
of full moon. The multitudes come from 
far and near. Doubtless it is of greatest 
merit to walk, but on these occasions the 
railway is taxed to its greatest capacity 
while thousands of families come in the 
native ox-cart. 

Merchants from the near-by towns reap 
a rich harvest in the sale of food grains, 
cloth, and metal wares. There is a^o am- 
ple opportunity for satisfying your reli- 
gious needs as well as for your amusement. 
The former consists in bathing in the river, 
doing homage to the holy men and of con- 
sulting the guru (teacher), the vaid (doc- 
tor), or the fortune-teller, while the merry- 
go-rounds, Ferris wheels and the jugglers 
contribute to your amusement. I should 
not forget to mention the companies of 
Christian preachers and booksellers as well 
as the social reform orators who, I fear, do 
not draw as much attention as the many 
other attractions. 

Altogether it is a crowd of many colors, 
of many faiths and of numerous quests. 
They seek, they know not what, and truly 
are " sheep without a shepherd." May 
Christ look upon them with pity as He used 
to do on the multitudes round about Gali- 


H. P. Garner 

FOR the past weeks groups of travel- 
ers, carrying " V " and " W "- shaped 
flags and accompanied by the crude v 
Indian music, have been coming into Poona 
from all directions. They may be seen on 
many of the streets and vacant lots, and 
one is made to ask, " What does it all 
mean?" Finally the day came, June 15, ac- 
cording to the Christian calendar, and these 
travelers, thousands of them, gathered in an 
open field at the edge of the city early in 
the morning. The preliminary ceremonies 
were completed about 8 o'clock and then 
the long journey of one hundred and fifty 
miles to Pandharpur was begun. The trip 
required about-' two weeks. 

Pandharpur is considered a very holy 
place, and every year thousands of Hindu 
people journey thither. Here are many 
temples and thousands of gods. Besides, 
there is a special god for each caste. How- 
ever, the lower classes are not allowed to 
go in to worship. Aside from the multi- 
tude of images which are worshiped and 
sacrificed to, the near-by river is consid- 
ered very sacred, and many hundreds of 
rupees' worth of fruit and cocoanuts are 
cast into the river as a sacrifice. Then, just 
below the village, may be seen numbers of 
people who make a business of fishing this 
fruit and these cocoanuts out of the river 
to sell them again. 

Another sight that may be seen is men 
and women offering money to the god of 
the river. The coins are tied up in their 
clothing and then, after wading into the 
stream, they untie it and drop the coins in- 
to the water. We have been told that 
there are divers standing by the side of 
these donors, and as soon as the coins are 
dropped they dive and get them. If you 
question them about these things they say, 
" We have made the offering and it does 
not make any difference what becomes of 

At the closing of this great religious 
gathering the middle classes make a feast 
for the Brahmans. They have been taught 
that in this way they feed their forefathers 
and do them great honor. 

Poona, India. 


The Missionary Visitor 




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The Missionary Visitor 



I. S. Long 

ACCORDING to the Hindus' thought 
there are several ways of obtaining 
salvation, namely, by works, by 
knowledge, and by devotion or faith. For 
all practical purposes, however, with them 
it is clearly a case of works. Like the peo- 
ple in the time of our Lord, they are for- 
ever wondering, " What must we do, that 
we may work the works of God?" And 
whether they have done sufficient works, 
too, always remains an unanswered ques- 
tion. Indeed, it is disheartening to them — 
a hopeless question. 

Many a time has the writer asked intel- 
ligent Hindus what their hope is for life 
after death, and have never received a hope- 
ful answer. They always say, " We cannot 
be sure of salvation, and know of only one 
or two who will probably be saved." But 
" salvation " in their thought is liberation 
from rebirth in the world rather than that 
of happiness in a world to come. They be- 
lieve identity is lost in the other world, 
even as river water is swallowed up in the 

Then, the rare saint, after innumerable 
births and deaths, ceases being born and is 
swallowed up in the Universal Essence. 
And it is finished. The multitudes and mul- 
titudes, on the other hand, die and expect 
to be born again with perhaps a worse fate, 
die, as Paul wrote, " without hope," while 
those left behind weep literally as " those 
who have no hope." 

Over against this, is not the Gospel an 
Evangel of Good News, indeed? The Hin- 
du searches God, to know Him, in vain. 
You and I know Him and love Him and 
joyously worship Him, for Jesus has 
shown Him to be altogether lovable and 
worthy of our heartfelt devotion and praise. 
To the Mohammedan He is an autocratic 
King, Whose word is law. To the Hindu, 
He is rather " everything that is," It, rather 
than a personal, living God. 

In our thought God has dealt with sin 
thoroughly and condemned it, even to " lay- 
ing the iniquities of us all " on Jesus. 
This is the measure of His love for His 
enemies. When, on the cross, He cried, 
" It is finished," He meant that salvation 

from the guilt of sin, even forgiveness of 
sins, is free for all who receive Him by 
faith as their Savior. This forgiveness 
breaks the chain of the past, and tears down 
every barrier between us and God, and we 
join the early Christians in feeling a won- 
drous sense of deliverance. " We know we 
have passed from death unto life." 

Christ not only died for our sins, but He 
arose for our justification. We recognize 
ourselves, too, as having been crucified 
with Christ, and as having risen to " walk 
in newness of life." Hence, we are also 
delivered from bondage to sin and the 
world. " Sin shall not have dominion over" 
us. We may walk and talk and act like 
" children of God "; for being sons, "God 
hath sent forth the Spirit of His Son into 
our hearts, crying, Abba, Father." 

As for hope, " the blessed hope," we 
have no lack. " It is not yet made manifest 
what we shall be. We know . . . we shall 
be like Him; for we shall see Him as He 
is." We begin here and now to enjoy by 
faith the eternal realm of life and truth and 
love, having foretastes of " glory." 

Of this new life in Jesus, prayer is the 
breath, and our worship and " fellowship is 
with the Father and with Jesus Christ, His 
Son," of Whose presence He would have us 
conscious all the day long. 

The more we read of His words and 
works of mercy, the more we are drawn to 
Him, in devotion and worship. The more 
we commune with Him, the more we love 
His fellowship. Oh, long ago we began to 
hate sin; but with our. increasing worship 
of Jesus, we increasingly loathe the evil and 
the evil one; and there is nothing we more 
long for than always to overcome the sin 
that " doth so easily beset us," and to rise 
to His perfection of purity and holiness of 
life. On the other hand, if the Hindus can- 
not " explain away " the sinful acts of their 
gods, I am sure the worship of the gods can 
only debase. The worshipers are already 
better than the gods, in morality. 

Then, having come to love God " with all 
our hearts," we easily follow on and love 
" our neighbor as ourselves," and go to the 
" ends of the earth " to bring about his sal- 


The Missionary Visitor 



vation. Truly, " the love of Christ con- 

straineth us." And on this side, too, to 

this day, whether in Armenia or China, they 

ring true to Him as they go to the stake, 

dying as they sing: 

" Nor tongue can speak, nor heart can frame, 
Nor can the memory find 
A sweeter sound than Jesus' name; 
O Savior of mankind!" 

Intelligent India, too, knows that we mis- 
sionaries bring something far better than 
they already have, but prejudice for things 
" Western " blinds their eyes and shuts 
their ears so often. A missionary was strol- 
ling about on the lower Himalayas. On ap- 
proaching a Hindu temple, a priest came 
out to greet him; and seeing he was a mis- 
sionary said, " I hear through pilgrims from 
all parts of India of the wonderful things 
you missionaries are doing and of the won- 
derful story you can tell. Do tell me the 
story," etc. 

The missionary writes, " We sat down 
under a tree, and I took my time to tell 
him at length the story of Christ's sacri- 
ficial love and forgiving spirit. When I 
reached the place where they were nailing 
Jesus to the cross, and told the old priest 
that even while He was being nailed to the 
cross He prayed for His enemies, ' Father, 
forgive them,' ' Father,, forgive them/ the 
old priest sprang from my side, stood in 
front of me in the path just below me, ex- 
citedly moving backward and forward, 
shaking at me his clenched fists, while 
tears were rolling down his cheeks, and 
cried: 'Get out of India! Get out of India! 
Get out of India!' 'Why? Why? What 
have I done?' He, trembling with excite- 
ment, answered, ' Do not tell the people of 
India that matchless story of love and for- 
giveness; for we have nothing like it in 
Hinduism or Mohammedanism. If you do 
tell my warm-hearted countrymen that 
story, they will forsake us, our temples and 
sacrifices and services, and leave us priests 
all alone, while they follow Jesus.' " 

This is but a remarkable instance show- 
ing what might result all over the dark 
East, if only we could get the ear of India 
and China to listen. Second, it is an honest 
confession of the unparalleled good news 
we have to tell. Truly, " Never man spake 
like this Man," and never did another re- 
ligious leader die for his enemies, in order 
to bring them to God. 

Baptismal Scene, Umalla, India, April 1, 
1917. Q. A. Holsopple, Administrator 

Now, if the old priest could know that 
Jesus not only died, but that He arose, went 
to God's right hand, from where He so em- 
powered His disciples as to transform cow- 
ardly, ignorant men into heroes, who did 
marvels in His name; if he could know that 
all the best in modern civilization emanates 
from Him; ah, if that old priest could know 
what Jesus means to you and me, every day 
that we live, the above story would be com- 

Well may Renan cry, " Whatever the sur- 
prises of history, Jesus will never be sur- 
passed." Ever the same, " unto the end of 
the age," with us, fulfilling our every need, 
we adore and praise. " The children sing, 
' What a Friend we have in Jesus! ' Youth 
sings, ' The Son of God goes forth to war! ' 
The mature sing, ' How firm a foundation, 
ye saints of the Lord! ' The aged sing: 

" 'While life's dark maze I tread, 
And griefs around me spread, 
Be Thou my guide.' " 

Instead of hideous idols that are not God, 
oh, why should all men not worship your 
God and my God, through Jesus Christ, our 


The Missionary Visitor 



S. Ira Arnold 

ICCHABHAI is a good fellow and anx- 
ious to be in the Lord's work. He had 
reported some applicants for baptism 
in a village twelve miles away. He started 
on foot and I followed on the horse. It 
was a nice morning, but before long the 
rainclouds gathered. Several hard showers 
caught us on the jungle trail, and we could 
see still more rain in the near-by hills. The 
jungle streams ran in torrents, causing us 
some delay. About noon we. reached the 
master's house in Vasna, the last hour of 
the way being through a downpour of rain 
against which our umbrellas were little pro- 

After the pleasure of baptizing four men 
in a swollen, muddy stream, and eating a 
simple meal, I started for a station on the 
railroad seven miles distant. This time I 
had two runners, one before and one after. 
The men were to test the high waters for 

Temple of Kartikswaml, Poona. This Is 
the God Who Hates All Womankind 

me and bring the horse back for Icchabhai. 
who was resting at Vasna after his twelve- 
mile run through the rain. But we did not 
run fast enough. When a quarter of a mile 
from the station the train started and I was 
left to spend the night in the mission house 
at Jhagadia, a small native hut in the Bhil 
part of the village. 

Next morning I went early to the station. 
While waiting for the train I walked down 
the track east from the station. I had of- 
ten seen from the train a bare place be- 
neath some trees and a pile of broken 
crockery near by. From the trees hung a 
number of crude, horselike animals, about 
four inches high, apparently made of cloth 
and filled with cotton. 

This morning two women sat at one side 
and two men sat on the bare place beneath 
the tree. They were stripping the fibers 
from several cocoanuts. Then they cracked 
the nuts and sprinkled the juice over the 
stones before them, making signs of rev- 
erence as they did so. Some of the meat 
was placed on the stones, and then the rest 
of the meat and sugar, which they had 
brought, was distributed. They offered it 
first to me, but I refused the meat that had 
been offered to idols. The women ate, and 
the signalman, who had come to throw the 
switch for the coming train, accepted their 
offer. I asked what it was. u The small- 
pox god " they answered. They had small- 
pox in their home and were doing this for 
the sake of the afflicted. " Now," thought 
I, "have I been exposed to smallpox while 
standing here?" But no harm came of it 
to me, and I suppose no good came of it 
to them other than perhaps a little mental 

Vali, India. 

" The growth of unbelief among men is 
the outstanding fact in the religious life of 
South America," says Edward Alsworth 

" I do not believe that of the one million 
people in Buenos Aires there are two hun- 
dred men on any given Sunday at service," 
says Robert E. Speer. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Effie V. Long 

Y request, Drs. Cottrell have sent us 
a report of their work, which is very 
— ~" interesting. " In the three months 
that the new dispensary has been open — 
that is, July, August, September — we have 
had 4,336 patients for treatment at the dis- 
pensary. Non-Christians are also coming 
to the hospital, and staying in the new 
hospital line for treatment. At present 
there are three non-Christian families in 
the hospital. We are getting a much larger 
proportion of very poor people than we 
used to. Many cannot afford to pay more 
than two or three cents a week for treat- 
ment. This morning three shepherds 
walked from Dharampur (twenty miles), 
and one was so sick he could scarcely stand. 
They had eight cents altogether, and want- 
ed twelve days' medicine each. They 
needed the medicine, and needless to say 
they got it. Both men and women patients 
receive some religious instruction each 
morning before we begin giving out medi- 
cines. We have given more than 200 plague 
inoculations this year." 

The Conference of missionaries of all the 
missions working in the Gujarati language 
area convened Sept. 26 at Mehmedabad. 
About thirty-three missionaries were pres- 
ent. Two papers were read, which were 
well received. One was by Bro. Blough, on 
"The Devotional Life." It was well-got- 
ten up and made a good impression on the 

" Home Rule " is being agitated in India, 
in many quarters, by some of the leading 
men, and also by Mrs. Annie Besant, the 
English lady who has become a theosophist, 
and is parading the beauties of the Hindu 
religion. She was imprisoned for her part 
in it, but has since been released. The 
Indian Christians, as a class, are criticised 
for not joining in this political agitation, 
and keeping themselves aloof from the na- 
tional life. In an able article in the Wit- 
ness, Dr. Joseph Ghose, an Indian Chris- 
tian of. wide experience and broad educa- 
tion, gives the reasons why they hold aloof. 
He says the Christians have fared much 

better under English rule than under the 
native kings in parts of India, and that In- 
dia is not ready yet for a long time. She 
does not have "home rule" in her homes; 
the wife will also have to be educated. 
Then there must be a spirit of unity and 
democracy over the whole nation, to pre- 
pare her in any way for home rule. 

At a called meeting of the Field Commit- 
tee, it was decided that Bro. Blough's go 
to Ahwa and take up the work Bro. Pit- 
tenger's had to leave because of his health. 
The latter will remain at Bulsar for the 
present, and Sister Pittenger will take up 
Sister Blough's work. Bro. Pittenger is 
slowly improving. We know this move 
means sacrifice to both families, as they 
must leave their own homes, just taking 
along what articles are really necessary; 
and then, too, the work is in a different 
language from what they are accustomed 
to. But we trust all will be well and that 
the work will prosper in their hands. 

Dr. Nickey and Sister B. Mary Royer 
have gone to Poona to study the language 
for several months, preparatory to their 
final language examination in the fall. 


Last month we reported concerning the 
loss of some missionaries en route to India. 
Since then, a family of Alliance mission- 
aries, Dinham by name, have reached Bom- 
bay. They were on the same boat as the 
Duckworths and Miss Robinson. Twenty 
miles out from Cape Town their boat seems 
to have struck a mine, and all put to the 
life boats. In lowering the one it was dis- 
abled, and later capsized. A number of 
them got into the boat again, but it was 
not seaworthy, and so all were plunged in- 
to the water. The Duckworths had their 
six children with them. The father came 
up with a child in each arm. Evidently the 
onlookers could do nothing, and so the 
whole crew of that life boat perished. Too 
sad! The Dinhams were in another boat, 
and reached shore. Later they took pas- 
sage for Bombay, but in some way they 


The Missionary Visitor 


had another wreck, and so reached Bom- 
bay with only the clothing they wore — all 
their baggage having gone, lost somewhere. 
Surely these are perilous times! 

The Girls' School at Vyara is gradually 
increasing in numbers. It is to be hoped 
that after monsoon the increase will be 
more rapid. A petition has been sent in, 
asking for a small government grant. If 
this is given there is hope of getting the 
Girls' School on a better footing. The 
yearly examination is near at hand, and 
every effort to keep the girls in school, 
every day, is being put forth. Until they 
reach the third or fourth standard they sel- 
dom have a competitive interest. Estab- 
lishing a good girls' school among the 
backward classes is a difficult task. 

The same is true with work among the 
women of these classes. In fact, the wom- 
en, being illiterate, are even harder to 
reach. They have the experience of being 
mothers, but usually have not the sense nor 
judgment of a child. So they must be dealt 
with, after all, as you deal with children. 
They have attained a high ideal, indeed, 
when once they take enough interest in a 
daily Bible class to attend because of the 
spiritual uplift it gives to them, or because 
of the Bible knowledge acquired. 


On account of plague, which has scat- 
tered town people right and left, the wom- 
en of Vyara cannot be gotten together 
for any regular work with them. With 
heavy monsoon, disease all about in the vil- 
lages, and the fact that saloons are so plen- 
tiful, it is enough to disband most any sort 
of work, be it among the men or women 
of India. ^ 

They say when you don't know what else 
to talk about you talk about the weather. 
Well, it is often a matter of conversation 
nowadays. Vyara's average rainfall is from 
fifty to sixty inches, with a maximum of 
seventy inches. Now we have had more 
than eighty inches, and still it rains! The 
rice crop at many places has turned golden 
and is falling into the water, as it cannot be 
reaped. The cry now is that there will be 
a " green " famine — crops ruined because of 
too much rain. 

Be it known unto all that the week or 
" weeks " of February special evangelistic 
effort, is Feb. 13-27. Two weeks are given 
this year, the first especially for work in 
cities and large towns and the second week 
for country and village work. But our mis- 
sion most probably will be busy all 
through both weeks, and there is some 
preparation being made, now, at all of our 
stations, as opportunity affords, and we 
hope for a blessed time. Please get your 
calendars or almanacs, as you read this, and 
mark down the date. Then when you come 
to it, you will be reminded afresh to pray, 
pray, pray for the special work in India at 
that time, and I'm sure the Lord will pour 
out His blessing. 


I lay me still 
For I, as clay, in God's great hand did lie, 
That pierced hand; and as His gentle 

Did press me round, my heart was filled 

with glad, 
Deep joy. I long had prayed to know His 

Concerning me, and that vast harvest-field 
The world; and now it seemed that in my 


The Master whispered, "Go!" Oh, won- 
drous love! 

That God should deign to use e'en worth- 
less me. 

Though I but clay, least precious of all 

Yet still I am His clay; my weakness He 

Knows well, much more than I; He know- 
eth best 

How He may use, and why He calleth me; 
To Him I lowly bow. 

And so I lie 
Submissive in His hands, while He doth 

And press me as He wills; knead, blessed 

And make me what Thou wilt, so that I be 
A vessel for Thy use, and may bear forth 
The living waters pure to thirsty souls, 
In distant lands or near, just where Thou 

And when, and how, so Thou be glorified. 

. — E. Spring. 


The Missionary Visitor 


for the 


Nora E. Berkebile 

This, from the first one I opened that 

" Boston, Mass. 

"Dear Aunt Nora and Uncle Steven: I 
was just thinking how you would love to be 
sitting here with me on the rocks, watching 
the old Atlantic lash her waters against the 
coast. I am very sure you would be always 
wishing the tide would wash you over to 
the other side — to India — and I should not 
be very successful in keeping you with 

Glad as we should be were we permit- 
ted to visit with such a dear niece as she, 
I am quite sure we would not have staid 
there long if wishes were waves and would 
have carried us on to dear old India — par- 
ticularly so when we opened the next let- 
ter and read: 

"Vada, India, Aug. 16, 1917. 

"Dear Nora: My heart is so full tonight 
that I must express it to you in some way. 

Today our dear Pudhia was received into 
the fold, and I know you will rejoice with 
us, for you had the privilege of helping sow 
good seed in his young and tender heart." 

There was much more from Josie about 
the work at Vada and the people we loved 
so well; of the opposition Pudhia had and 
how he was turned out of caste and how his 
grandmother scolded, etc. 

Remember Pudhia! How could I forget 
the dear little dirty black boy, who had no 
parents, who lived with a grandmother — 
the most inveterate scold I ever saw or 
heard — who was starved and abused and 
blamed for all the petty thieving in the 
neighborhood (perhaps he was guilty some- 
times), and who had such bi.a;, dark eyes 
that used to look up so steadily at one, as 
if just pleading for some one to trust him? 
Could you remember such a child, especial- 
ly when he had gone down almost into the 
Dark Valley and the Lord heard your pray- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ers and helped you to help bring him back 
to health? Ah, indeed, there was rejoicing 
on this side the water, too, and more than 
ever we longed to be there. 

Then the next letter was from Sister 
Rosa, who sat down to her desk to write us 
about the rest going to the river to bap- 
tize Pudhia. She said: 

" I thought you would be so glad to hear 
it that I decided to write while they are on 
their way to the river. You know where we 
baptize and you can get the picture as they 

She went on to tell of their great hopes 
for the work now, since there have been 
converts from several castes. The old 
dhobi (washerman) and his wife, Mabarat- 
tas, by caste — a proud, arrogant caste — 
have come and seem so happy. What a 
cheerful, hopeful, happy letter it was! — 
and our hearts just sang for joy and we 
thanked the Lord for it all. 

How we did appreciate it to have a busy 
missionary sit down and write at just that 
time because she knew it would give us 

We could just see that little company go- 
ing down over the rice field paths, along 
past bamboo clumps, down past the few 
huts of a tiny village hedged in by prickly 
pear, and then down to the riverside. There 
we watched with tears of joy coursing 
down our cheeks, as Pudhia, now a young 
man grown, vowed to be faithful unto 
death. Ah, how near he had died with dys- 
entery; ah, how he was beaten and abused; 
how thoroughly was he taught caste rules, 
that even when hungry he would never 
think of touching a morsel of our food! 
And now we see him there in the water, 
and Bro. Kaylor is immersing him, and he 
has thrown off sin and idolatry, and his soul 
is made pure and white and belongs to the 
dear Savior, Who is now so dear to our 
little boy of Agra Vada. Yes, he will have 
opposition, but we can help him by our 

Sister Ross told us how they wanted us 
to unite with them in prayer for fifty souls 
to be saved this year, and we said to our- 
selves, " Yes, gladly will we pray for them." 
Then we thought of many by name and we 
are praying, praying, praying. 

Ah, what a comfort is united, definite 

prayer! We long to be there. Sometimes 
we feel we must go. We long for India 
until it hurts, but like birds in a cage, how- 
ever much we may beat against the bars 
the bars remain as firm as ever and we are 
prisoners still. We can not lay down in- 
firmities of the flesh at will, so only in spir- 
it can we cross the intervening space and 
be over there. 

Often in dreams we are at Wilbur and 
Mary's again, or at J. M. and Anna's, or 
with John and Florence in their jungle 
home, or at Isaac's or Dan's, or Jesse's, vis- 
iting with Eliza or some of the others. 
Again we will be at Vada among our native 
people or over in the old Parsi house at 
Dahanu, near the Ebeys. Then we awake, 
and for a long time the longing to be back 
again is more intense. 

There is one thing that makes us so 
thankful, and it is that the Lord allowed us 
to live there long enough to love India and 
her people so. Then we thank Him for the 
souls He is saving and the .souls we know 
are going to be saved this coming touring 

The Stover family used to sing the song 
of " Homeland," and tonight I seem to hear 
it as Wilbur and Mary and the children 
sang it that day in our native house at Va- 
da, and I am homesick for the India home- 
land just now. 

We are glad we can do something to 
make the people around us love India bet- 
ter, but while these things cheer us in our 
exile, we can not help but say with Sister 
Quinter, who once wrote, " I'm so glad to 
be back again in India, for it is so much 
better — oh, so much better! — to be here 
doing the work than to be at home talking 
about it." We would so much prefer be- 
ing there doing what we could than to be 
here talking about it. 

This is the latter part of October, and we 
have been praying, according to Rosa's re- 
quest. We meant to get a letter off, to tell 
her how we appreciated her letter to us. 
The telephone rings. I answer it. Some 
one says, "Oh — Nora!" and can not speak 
more because of sobs. I ask, " What is it?" 

Again comes the tear-choked voice, which 
says, "Ros a — is — dead. A — cablegram — 
came." She can say no more — it is Bro. 
Kaylor's mother. I run to the barn to tell 


The Missionary Visitor 


Steven. "Poor John! Poor Vada!" we 
say, and we weep with those who weep. 
We get ready to go to John's old home. 
But what can we do? Weeks of waiting for 
particulars is so hard. How they wanted 
to comfort their boy, but could not reach 
him! It is just prayer that they can offer 
for him. How much easier it would have 
been if they could have been near him, but 
of course that was impossible. 

They loved Rosa so, and the weekly let- 
ters were such joy to them. They were 
shared with us, and we would rejoice to-' 
gether as we read them. Now we must 
sorrow together. 

But we shall not forget Rosa's last re- 
quest to us: "Pray for those souls at Vada." 
That is all we can do for her now. We 
wonder why she was called when needed 
so much. When we went to Vada some of 
the strict Hindus said, " The Saheb will 

not stay there. The god near his house will 
kill them." Bro. Berkebile's health failed 
and he was furloughed home. Bro. Bru- 
baker went there and soon died. Now Sis- 
ter Rosa has passed away. Shall the 
heathen threat drive us from that needy 
field? Might it not be that Satan is trying 
our faith, to see if he can not drive the 
Christians out of Vada? Shall we let him 
make us close the work there? He knows 
there are thousands of souls there who will 
be saved for the Lord if we faint not. 
Surely some one will be sent to help fill 
Rosa's place among those people. Surely 
the work will not have to be closed again 
just as the harvest is being ready to gather. 
No, we shall pray for volunteers to help 
fill the depleted ranks. We will pray for 
those souls there and some one will go, 
and by the help of the Lord, the heathen 
god shall not have the victory. 



Effie V. Long 

It was night. On the Indian hillside the 
large church was thronged with people, and 
the lights shone out into the darkness, 
beckoning others to come in and hear the 
Words of Life. 

Outside, near the door, stood a little In- 
dian girl. Her home was near, and she was 
attracted by the music and the lights. Lis- 
ten! What was that man saying to the 
people who were listening so intently? He 
was telling the story of Jesus, so reverent- 
ly, so simply, that even a little child could 

Pyari, listening without, was overcome 
with emotion. " Did Jesus die for me? Did 
He love me all this time and I did not know 
it? Oh, I have never prayed to Him as the 
padre says we should. I fear He is angry 
with me." So saying, Pyari slipped back 
through the darkness to her home, eagerly 
waiting for the next night to come. So she 
kept it up for several nights, learning more 
and more of Jesus, till her little heart could 
bear it no longer. So she told her father 

and mother all about it and asked them to 
let her go and worship Jesus with the folks 
in the big church. " Why dost thou want 
to turn from our way?" they said. "The 
religion of our fathers is the only way, so 
do not let us hear thee mention the name 
of Jesus again." 

So little Pyari was locked in at night, and 
she would weep as she heard them singing 
in the big church, and she would sing over 
and over again all the words she could re- 
member. She would kneel down and pray 
— this lonely little girl — " O Jesus, come in- 
to my heart and make me good." And He 
did come. Does He not hear the prayer of 
a little child? Her life was so filled with 
love and sweetness that all could see it. 
She would talk to her father and mother 
about Jesus whenever she could, and she 
kept praying to Jesus to come into their 

The meetings continued, for one of those 
great revivals -was on, in- which so many 
turned to the Lord. 


The Missionary Visitor 


v fc8L 

J* g ' -jf 


Idol With Shelter, Just Outside the Government Bungalow 
Compound at Pumpri, Dangrs 

One night a tall figure was standing with- 
out the church, listening. It was the fa- 
ther. His little girl's talk (nay, her secret 
prayers, we believe) made him want to 
know more of this Way. He told his wife 
what he had heard and seen and said he in- 
tended to free Pyari from her prison that 
very night. The mother reluctantly con- 
sented. Next night Pyari went to church, 
and came home with glowing eyes and 
heart. Her parents did not stop her when 
she began telling them the Story she had 
heard. Next night she made bold to ask 
them to come with her, and to her great 
surprise, they came. Oh, how Pyari 
prayed! And when she opened her eyes, 
she saw them kneeling with tears flowing. 
She knew Jesus had won them for Him- 

Night after night this family attended 
church. And what a wonderful testimony 
little Pyari would give! She was such a 
shy little girl by nature, but the love of 
Jesus so filled her heart that she could not 
help but tell others about it. Being so tim- 
id she would pull her sardi clear over her 
face when talking in church, but her words 
were clear and distinct. 

" Because of the testimony of this one 
little girl, a hundred people were brought 
to Jesus." So said the missionary who 
told me this story. And the story is true. 
Surely, " A little child shall lead them." 


Effie V. Long 

Children, did you ever hear of idols 
cooking a dinner? Well, now, listen, and 
I will tell you about it. I ate such a din- 
ner once and it was quite good — perhaps 
relished more than others, because in cook- 
ing the food the idols were destroyed. 

Some years ago we were tenting in a 
village not far from where we lived. 
Among that class of people, when any one 
dies, the family, fearing lest his spirit re- 
turn and give them much trouble, put up 
a piece of wood near the house, or at 
some distance, and there they make offer- 
ings and worship, to appease this spirit. 

The pieces of wood are from one to 
three feet long, driven into the ground, 
often painted red, and have several glass 
bangles tied to the neck, a rude face be- 
ing usually carved upon them. Sometimes 
a rude little wooden wagon stands beside 
this " bhoot," or evil spirit, as it has come 
to be called. 

Well, this village had a mission school, 
and somehow the " bhoots " had not been 
cared for properly; some had rotted off 
and some had fallen over. Firewood was 
scarce, so our Christian men brought in 
several of these "bhoots" that no one else 
dared touch, lest his " heart be torn out of 
him." We kindled a fire with them and 
cooked our dinner, and it was good. 



The Missionary Visitor 



Outward Bound 


Samuel S. Ebbert 

ON t h e prairies 
of south cen- 
tral Kansas 
lived William and 
Elizabeth Ebbert, of 
German descent. God 
blessed their home 
with seven daughters 
and one son. Ella 
was born to them Oct. 
27, 1885. She is the 
fourth daughter. Here 
she lived on the 
farm with her parents, attending the coun- 
try school. She improved the opportunity 
of attending school every day, thoroughly 
determined in what she did. With credit 
she completed the grade schools in the 
spring of 1902. The fall of the follow- 
ing year marked the beginning of her ex- 
periences in McPherson College. She com- 
pleted the normal training course in 1908, this 
being followed by three years of teaching in 
rural schools. She again entered McPherson 
College in 1911, and took her B. A. degree in 
1914. The school term of 1915-16 was spent in 
Bethany Bible School. 
Ella made her own way very largely. 

This was done by teaching, having taught 
six years altogether. The last year was 
spent in the high school of Fruita, Colo., as 
instructor in English. 

The six years of interspersed school work 
indicate her absolute purpose and willing- 
ness, no matter what the difficulty, to make 
the best of the possibilities which she held 
sacred and responsible to God. 

The first interest in the mission program 
was due to the mission literature that came 
into the home. Another help came from 
living in her uncle's home one summer. He 
was a faithful minister and promoter of 
missions. She at one time said, when asked 
what she was going to become in life, that 
she was going to be a missionary to India. 
This was about the time the Stovers went 
to India. 

During her first year in McPherson Col- 
lege, she was a student in Mrs. F. H. Crum- 
packer's mission study class, where her 
early inclination was developed and 
strengthened, causing her to feel the call 
for foreign service. 

It was in the winter of 1903, through the 
influence of the preaching of F. H. Crum- 
packer, that she accepted Christ. At once 


The Missionary Visitor 


she became active in service, teaching mis- 
sion and Bible study classes, and was also 
a member of the Y. W. C. A. Cabinet most 
of her college life. 

In Sunday-school work she was greatly 
interested. Often teaching in her home 
church, two years were spent in District 

Sunday-school secretary work, which was 
very creditable, pleasant and effective. 

The Mission Board called her to the In- 
dia field. She was approved by the Wichita 
Conference. With her it is a privilege to 
serve in India, where the Lord has directed 


Lila C. Brubaker 


X a farm near 
Laketon, Ind., 
lived Eli and 
Lydia Ohmart Grisso. 
Into this country 
home there came, Feb. 
16, 1889, a blue-eyed 
baby girl whom they 
called Lillian. Here, 
with a devoted broth- 
er, seven years her 
senior, she grew to 
At the age of eleven years she accepted 
Jesus as her Savior. A few years later she 
began definite work for Him as a teacher 
in the Sunday-school. 

Reading and school work were much en- 
joyed, and a deep interest was taken in 
both. In 1905 she graduated from the Lake- 
ton High School. The two years following 
were spent in teaching. During the winter 
of 1908-09 she spent one term in Manches- 
ter College, where she took Normal and 
Bible work. A third year was then spent in 
teaching. The next winter Sister Grisso 
remained at home to care for her mother, 
over whom the death angel hovered. In 
January the patient and beloved mother fell 

The responsibilities of the home were 
now upon Lillian, and preparation for the 
work that was dear to her seemed impos- 
sible. But God was leading, and in a few 
weeks He completely changed circumstanc- 
es and opened up the way for her to work 
out His plans. She and her father moved 
from the farm to North Manchester, just 
opposite the- college campus, and she en- 
tered Manchester College that fall and the 
following spring graduated from the one- 
year Bible course. She continued in school, 

and in 1915 graduated from the college de- 
partment. While in college she was con- 
nected with the work of the Y. W. C. A., 
and was also active in the Volunteer Band, 
of which she became a member in 1911. 

In June, 1915, she entered the Illinois 
Training School for Nurses in Chicago. 
Here she spent eight months in hard work. 
Although not permitted to finish the course, 
the training received will be valuable as 
she endeavors to relieve the physical pain 
of a few of India's heathen. This, accom- 
panied with the love of Jesus, may open 
hearts to the teaching of Him Whom our 
sister has learned to know and love. 

After a few weeks of rest at home she 
returned to Chicago, where she entered 
Bethany Bible School to get a greater 
knowledge of the Word and how to use it. 
Here five terms were spent in hard study 
and practical mission work. Quoting from 
Sister Grisso's own words: "At Bethany 
His service became sweeter to me, and 
though hard lessons were to be learned 
there I thank Him for them all now and 
only wish I had learned them better." 

The practical training she received there 
in giving to others the truths she had 
learned was indeed helpful. Many opportu- 
nities came to her as she helped in the 
Chinese Sunday-school and taught in the 
Douglas Park Mission. 

In one more year she could have gradu- 
ated from the seminary course of Bethany, 
but the call of the unsaved across the wa- 
ters was so loud that she gladly put this 
call of God before her desire to finish her 
course. In November, 1917, she offered her 
service to the Board to be used wherever 
God should direct. 

Though planning definitely on foreign 
work through all of her preparation, there 


The Missionary Visitor 


were times when it did not seem that it 
would be possible to carry out these plans, 
yet God always led the way out in time. 
To Him belong the honor and praise. 
"Commit thy way unto Jehovah; trust also 
in Him and He will bring it to pass " (Psa. 
37: 5), has been verified again and again in 
our sister's pathway. 

With a heart full of love for those who 
need her help she enters into her life's 

work, feeling the need of the constant 
strength and guidance of the Holy Spirit 
as she attempts to do what He asks of her. 
May she have the prayers of those of us 
who have the privilege of counting her 
among our friends and all others who are 
interested in the cause of Christ, that she 
may bring joy and life through her devo- 
tion in daily humble service, to those in 
far-away India who have never heard the 
sweet story of Jesus. 


Anna Beahm 


HEN God saw 
that Abraham 
withheld noth- 
ing from Him, not even 
his only son, but laid 
him on the altar, God 
provided the sacrifice 
to be burnt. Abraham 
named the place Je- 
hovah-jireh, meaning 
Jehovah will provide. 
A life planned by 
God, yielded to God, 
and open for the service of God may be 
called Jehovah-jireh. 

Anetta Cordula Mow was born Oct. 22, 
1889, in Cory, Ind. Her parents, Eld. Aaron 
I. Mow and Mary Lunettie Baxter Mow, 
provided a strong Christian home for Anet- 
ta, her younger brother and sister. 

While Anetta was yet small her parents 
moved with the family to Arkansas, where 
they lived for a few years, and then back 
to Argos, Ind., where they lived until she 
was twelve. Before leaving Argos, at the 
age of twelve, Anetta was received into the 
church by baptism. 

In the spring of 1903 the family moved 
to Weiser, Idaho. Anetta graduated from 
the Weiser High School in 1909, and the 
following autumn with her brother she en- 
tered the University of Idaho, where both 
graduated in 1913, receiving the A. B. de- 
gree. Shortly before their entering the 
university, Bro. Mow accompanied his son 
and daughter to the university, and near the 
school-grounds they built a small, four- 
room house in which Anetta and her broth- 

er lived and kept house during their uni- 
versity days. In her heart Anetta had from 
childhood longed to be a missionary, but 
not until at the university did she declare 
her purpose. 

Following her graduation Anetta taught 
public school one year. 

The next year Bro. Mow with his family 
motored from Idaho to Chicago, where 
Anetta entered Bethany Bible School, while 
her brother left for further work in • Ox- 
ford, and her parents and sister went on 
to Florida for the winter. 

Anetta's three years in Bethany meant 
more than any other years of her life in 
real preparation for service in the spiritual 
conquest of the world for Christ. Here 
she learned new and sometimes very hard 
lessons in faith and prayer. It required a 
new faith, when at one time even weeks 
went by when there was not a cent in her 
purse and she had no immediate opportu- 
nity to earn money. 

Besides her school work and outside 
work, done in order to help defray expens- 
es, much of Anetta's time was spent in the 
practical mission work of the school. For 
a long time she was one of the strongest 
helpers in the Chinese Mission. With sev- 
eral others she helped in working out a 
course of lessons to be used in teaching 
the Chinese who came to the mission. She 
also helped in the work in a home for fallen 
girls and in the Douglas Extension Sunday- 

During her last year in school so much 
of her time was given in service that she 
could not fully meet her expenses. Her 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sister Mow's Home While in School, Moscow, Idaho 

home church, hearing of her service and 
struggles in preparation, took up an offer- 
ing of $87.25, which they sent to her. Her 
letter thanking them for the gift was read 
at the missionary meeting held during the 
Sunday-school convention of Idaho and 
Western Montana. The people were 
touched, and another offering was taken, 
amounting to $50. The following day the 
Christian Workers voted unanimously to 
support her on the field. By permission of 
Sister Mow the following paragraph is 
quoted from the letter sent to her after the 
convention: "I am enclosing a check for 
your present needs. Had we known of 
your need we would have been glad to have 
helped you long ago. That is in the past; 
in the future you just write to us when you 
need money, and I will see to it. You will 
not have to beg, either. We are doing too 
little for the Master, anyway. In conclu- 
sion I would assure you that the prayers of 
the entire District will unite as one mighty 
prayer to the Father in your behalf. Pray 
for us." Surely Jehovah-jireh is true. 

Anetta's Christian character, as it unfolds 
under the touch of the Master Workman, 
is well exemplified by the message she 
brought on the day she received her B. D. 
degree, June 6, 1917, showing forth " the 
true balance of mind and heart." 

In the summer of 1916 Anetta was ap- 
proved by the General Mission Board, and 
at the Wichita Conference of 1917 was ap- 
proved by the Brotherhood as a missionary 

to India. As she goes forth to service our 
prayers go with her, and also the loving 
protection of a Father Who always pro- 
vides — Jehovah-jireh. 

Looking: Downward From 

a Ship to the 


The Missionary Visitor 



E. E. Blough 


daughter of 
Eld. Isaac A. Miller 
and Mary Wenger 
Miller, came to glad- 
den the home of her 
parents June 6, 1888, 
in Augusta County, 
Va. She is the oldest 
of a family of seven 
children, two boys 
and five girls. One 
boy has gone to the great beyond. Hattie 
was reared in a model Brethren home. Her 
parents are staunch, faithful members of the 
church. Her grandparents on both sides 
also were faithful members of the Breth- 
ren Church. In her father's home she 
learned the spirit of sacrifice. Her parents 
sacrificed much for the church and their 
children, that they might have the advan- 
tages of a Christian education and church 
fellowship. Their children could have at- 
tended public school, but they were willing 
to give up some luxuries so they might send 
their children to Hebron Seminary. Hat- 
tie's four sisters are in school there now. 

When Hattie was eleven years of age her 
parents moved to Prince William County, 
Va. Her father has been actively engaged 
in mission work of the Eastern District of 
Virginia. He is a farmer and dairyman, yet 
he spends much time looking after the 
Master's flock. He rides many miles 
through cold and heat to carry God's mes- 
sage to the spiritually starving, usually 
bearing all expenses. So we can readily 
see that Sister Alley was raised in a home 
where God's kingdom was esteemed first 
and foremost. Under the influence of such 
godly parents she learned while very young 
to love the church and her work of saving 
the lost. 

In 1900 Bro. H. A. Stahl, of Pennsylvania, 
held a meeting in her home congregation. 
During these meetings, at the age of twelve, 
she gave her heart to the Savior. And now 
she has given Him her whole life to be 
used as He wills. From a child her chief 
delight was to attend all church services. 

When she was not at church something 
seemed to be wrong. She was always ready 
to assist in every way possible. When she 
had duties to perform she could be depend- 
ed upon. 

She attended Hebron Seminary from 1909 
to 1912, and Bridgewater College from 1912 
to 1914. There she graduated in 1914 in 
the English Pedagogical Course. At 
Bridgewater she was a member of the Mis- 
sion Band, and was an active member in all 
Christian work. She took work at Har- 
risonburg Normal two sessions and spent 
one year at Mt. Union College, Alliance, 
Ohio. She is well prepared to take up the 
work on the foreign field with its many- 
sided lines of effort. She is naturally of a 
bright, sunny disposition, able to accommo- 
date herself to all classes of people and all 
kinds of living. 

• She has worked in the home mission 
fields of East Virginia. Some of the re- 
turned missionaries have said that they 

Blaster Lawrence Arnold Allej-, A^e 1 Ye$r 


The Missionary Visitor 


think this field as difficult to work as the 
foreign field. If that be the case, she has 
some idea of what it means to work among 
India's teeming millions. 

Hattie showed great aptitude for nursing. 
She waited on the sick quite a bit. Her par- 
ents thought some of giving her a nurse's 
course. Her experiences have been many 
and varied. She has been teacher, both Sun- 
day and day school, housekeeper, domestic 
science teacher, seamstress, etc. She was 
raised on a farm and that means a great 
variety of knowledge which will be useful 
in her life's work. 

Because of these many influences and 
great variety of knowledge we predict for 
her a large degree of usefulness in her 
chosen field of labor. Her home District 
is very sorry to lose her, as it needs trained 
faithful workers so much. At Bridgewater 
she first felt the call of the foreign field. 
Dec. 19, 1915, she was united in marriage 
with Bro. Howard Alley, a graduate of 
Bridgewater. A little son, Lawrence Arn- 
old, came to brighten their home Dec. 11, 

We predict for these consecrated young 
people a great degree of usefulness. 


John S. Flory 


ALLEY is a 
product of the 
farm and school. He 
came to bless the 
home of Levi Chris- 
tian Alley and Su- 
san Alice (McNett) 
Alley on June 30, 
1888. They lived on 
a farm in Augusta 
County, Va., some 
seven miles from 
Staunton. Here Howard grew up. His ex- 
periences, during these years, were neither 
remarkable nor unusual. Here he ran the 
gauntlet of such afflictions as boys are heir 
to, the measles, chickenpox, whooping 
cough, and whatever else comes to extract 
joy from a boy's life. He attended the 
district school — a little one-story frame 
building, without paint inside or out — and 
there laid the foundation of his education. 

Howard was taken to Sunday-school and 
church by his father and mother when he 
was a small child. They attended at the old 
Barren Ridge church. Thus he early ac- 
quired the church-going habit. He took an 
interest in the Sunday-school, which led to 
an active participation in the discussions, 
and his interest in church work, generally, 
brought him prominently before the mem- 
bership of his congregation. He united 
with the church at the age of fourteen, and 

was elected to the ministry, by the Barren 
Ridge congregation, at the age of eighteen. 
This was Feb. 2, 1907. 

This action of the church brought a radi- 
cal change in his life. If he was to serve 
in the ministry he felt the need of prepara- 
tion for his high calling. So he decided, 
like many another young man has done, to 
go to school. He came to Bridgewater 
with the idea of spending one session. If 
his store in cash was not great, he had faith 
and courage and pluck, and he believed that 
a way would be found to finish a year's 
work. The way was found. He got into 
the spirit of the w r ork and the school, and 
when his year was past he felt that he 
needed another. So he worked and man- 
aged to get back the next year. This was 
repeated the third time. By this time he 
had finished his preparatory work, and was 
beginning on the college course. But he 
was behind in his finances. So active had 
he been in the four years in his ministerial 
labors, that, when the District Mission 
Board needed a man to take charge of the 
work started at Buena Vista, Va., he was 
chosen for the position. He began at the 
close of the school session in June, 1911, 
and continued until September of the fol- 
lowing year. His efforts were highly suc- 
cessful. During the fifteen months of his 
pastorate about forty were added to the 
church. The Sunday-school was built up, 
and the church, in general, prospered. 


The Missionary Visitor 



As he was unmarried and of economical 
habits he was able to lay up something from 
his meager salary. So the next year he en- 
tered school again, continuing the college 
course. Howard was never afraid of work. 
To keep things going he sold books in the 
summer time, labored on the farm, and 
spent one vacation in the service of the Dis- 
trict Mission Board. His evangelistic ef- 
forts were successful and souls were saved 
in each meeting. By these means he kept 
himself in school. He had gotten a vision 
of a life work of service for the church. 

In college Howard was a faithful student. 
He took part in the various student enter- 
prises, did his work well and enjoyed the 
esteem of his teachers and fellow-students. 
His example of thrift, economy and perse- 
verance was a wholesome influence. He 
finished his college course, receiving the B. 
A. degree, in June, 1915. 

A pastorate again awaited him. He was 
called to take charge of the church in Can- 
ton, Ohio. He served this charge about a 
year, in the meantime continuing his edu- 
cational work. During his stay at Canton 
he studied at both the Phillips Bible Insti- 
tute and at Mount Union College. On the 
basis of the work done in these institutions, 
in addition to advanced work he had done 
in Bridgewater College, beyond the require- 
ments for the B. A. degree, his Alma Mater 
awarded him, in June, 1916, the Master 
of Arts degree. 

In the summer of 1916 he left Canton, 
after a year of successful work. He had re- 
ceived a call from the District Mission 
Board of Eastern Maryland to locate at 
Frederick. In July of that year he entered 
upon the work there. His efforts were 
again crowned with success. Twenty-one 
were added to the church during the year 
of his pastorate, and he was unanimously 
requested by the congregation to remain 
with them. But the larger opportunity of 
the foreign mission field had its appeal. 
With his companion and their little son, 
Lawrence Arnold Alley (born Dec. 1, 1916), 
he was approved by the Wichita Confer- 
ence for the work in India. They will be- 
gin this work as soon as the way opens for 
them to enter the field. Meanwhile they re- 
main in charge at Frederick. 

Bro. Alley was married Dec. 19, 1915, to 
Sister Hattie Z. Miller, of Nokesville, Va. 
She also had been a student at Bridgewater 
and graduated in the pedagogical course the 
year before. The good wishes, of many 
friends go with them to their new field of 

Bridgewater, Va. 


I want to let go. But I will not let go. 
I am sick, it is true, and discouraged and 
■■ blue; 
Worn out through and through. But I will 
not let go. 

I want to let go. But I will not let go. 
I am poor and perplexed, disturbed and 

Care not what comes next. But I will not 

let go. 

I want to let go. But I will not let go, 
Though joys are all flown. Life hath left 

me alone. 
For bread there's a stone. But I will not 

let go. 

I want to let go. But I will not let go. 
There is work to be done, a race to be 
A crown to be won; and I will not let go. 

I want to let go. But I will not let go. 
There are battles to fight by day and by 

For God and the right, and I will not let 


I want to let go. But I will not let go. 
I never will yield. What! lie down on the 

And surrender the shield? No, I will not let 


I want to let go. But I will not let go. 
Be this ever my song: "Against legions 
of wrong, 
O God, make me strong, that I may not let 
go." — Selected. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Along with the party of new missionaries 
departing for India, Sister Himmelsbaugh 
embarked for her second term of service. 
Sister Himmelsbaugh first went t« the field 
in the fall of 1908. During this service she 

gained the love of her India people by her 
kindly ministrations as a nurse and in many 
cases as a doctor. Not only did she win 
their love, but they in turn won hers. 

She returned to America in 1915 and was 
granted a year's extension of her furlough 
in order to complete her nurses' course. 
In October, November and December, 1915, 
she toured the churches of Western Penn- 
sylvania. She was in school in Juniata dur- 
ing January and February, 1916. In April 
of that year she entered McPherson Hospi- 
tal, McPherson, Kans. There she was im- 
mediately made assistant superintendent, in 
which capacity she worked during her en- 
tire time at the hospital. She completed the 
course in December, 1917, passing the State 
Board examination with a splendid grade. 
She was offered the superintendency of a 
hospital in Kansas City, but refused, that 
she might return to India. During her fur- 
lough she made more than 350 addresses. 
But with all the above activity she says, 
" The happiest day of my life is Dec. 18, 
1917, the date I sail from Seattle for 
' home '! " 


The supreme need of every human life 
is salvation. The need of the individual 
soul is the need of millions of men, women 
and children the world over. The large 
majority of lives in need of Christ and His 
saving Gospel are in the foreign field. This 
great need is God's means of calling me to 
that field. I am going to India because my 
Master needs me there more than He needs 
me any other place. I am going because 
I have been saved to serve. 

Christ gave Himself for you and your 
loved ones. Can you really love Him and 
give less than yourself for Him and His 
loved ones? Ella Ebbert. 

How well I remember the day when the 

definite desire to become a foreign mission- 
ary came to me. As I stood at my moth- 
er's side, looking at the pictures of the 
Orphanage Children of India, which Grand- 
ma Ebey showed us, I thought that some 
day I would go to a foreign land. 

That was a child's desire, but the Mas- 
ter's call to service, the imploring needs 
of the fields and the sense of personal re- 
sponsibility have fixed that desire into my 

I go to India with joy, praying that my 
life shall be of use in the Father's king- 

I go to the India harvest field, depending 
on you to burnish my tools with your pray- 
ers. Anetta C. Mow. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bro. Adam Ebey's departure for India 
marks the first missionary impression that 
I can recall. Later there came a desire that 
I, too, might serve God in India. As I 
sought God's will for my life He called me 
to the field by His quiet leading through 
outward circumstances and by deepening 
the convictions within my heart. 

The prayer, " Thy kingdom come," leads 
me to answer the call, for it is only as His 
children go that the kingdom can come in 
the hearts of India's people. I go gladly, 
counting it a privilege to thus have a part 
in giving the joyous message of the king- 
dom to some who have never heard it. 

" It takes the blood of the church to 

make Christ's blood effective." Will you 
not give some of yours in intercession that 
we who go out from you to India may be 
so faithful in giving our blood that His/may 
be made effective in the lives of some of 
India's people? 

Lillian Grisso. 

Since God is answering the prayers of 
the church in behalf of the heathen by send- 
ing us forth with the Gospel Message, we 
shall expect the continuous intercession of 
the church to make our work most effec- 

Howard L. and Hattie Z. Alley. 


In their young childhood we offered our 
children to the heavenly Father for His 
service. Their first declarations were for 
the ministry, and their hearts were with the 
Church of the Brethren. We were alto- 
gether happy and made it our life work to 
help in their preparation. They eagerly, 
faithfully pursued this one aim; and now 
that the Board and the church have recog- 
nized them we are well pleased and gladly 
say, " Thy will be done." They are now 
where their road enters, the great harvest 
field, and we pray that their labors may be 
glory to God. 

A. I. Mow, 

Mrs. Nettie Mow. 

I thought at first that I could not consent 
for my daughter to go as a missionary to 
India. Then as I thought it over and took 
it to the Lord in prayer I was made willing 
to surrender to God's will. Now it affords 
me pleasure to know that it is her privilege 
to take the Gospel to some of the unfortu- 
nate souls that have never heard it. 

Eli Grisso. 


Freely do we surrender our daughter Ella 
to the Lord in this good and noble work. 
May she be a blessing to many who are 

now in heathen darkness. May the Lord 
protect and care for her. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wm, Ebbert. 

It is with sadness, entirely overcome with 
joy, that I can give one son and daughter 
to go to the foreign mission field. Since 
Hannah of old could give her son to the 
Lord before birth, why should we deny Him 
ours when they are grown? Our best 
wishes and . prayers will follow them. I 
would much rather my boy would heed the 
call of God than to obey men. 

Levi C. Alley. 

Our daughter, Hattie Z. Miller Alley, has 
always been a diligent student. She obeyed 
the first call to service at the age of eleven, 
and in obeying this call to greater service 
we commit her to God's keeping, trusting 
Him to give her health and ability to do 
His will. 

I. A. and M. M. Miller, 

Parents of Sister Hattie Z. Alley. 

(Note. — Since Brother and Sister Miller 
wrote the above message, freely giving their 
daughter, Sister Miller has heard the sum- 
mons to service with her Master, and has 
entered into rest. — Editor.) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Collected by Anna Beahm 

PING TING HSIEN— Jan. 6-12. (Sent by 
Anna V. Blough.) 

Objects of Praise. — In the six and one-half 
years that the work has been carried on 
here it has opened very fast. There are 
now 130 members in the church, fifty-four 
being baptized this year. The opportu- 
nity is as great as we can handle. 

Requests for Prayer. — For the Christians in 
daily life and in their homes. Often one 
or two members of a family are Chris- 
tians. Pray that they may be true lights 
in the home and bring the rest to Christ. 
There are many things the Chinese Chris- 
tians have to meet. They need to come 
out from untruthfulness, from gambling, 
from immorality, from the use of wine 
and opium, from greed for money, from 
heathen customs. 

Concerning Ancestral Worship. — There is 
scarcely anything throughout the world 
that is rooted as deeply as this worship 
of ancestors. For one man to take down 
his ancestral tablets may stir the wrath 
of the whole clan. They need courage 
and strength. Pray for the brethren who 
have a struggle in this. 

The Tee Family or Clan. — Once they were 
a fine family, producing several officials. 
Their courts occupy all of one section of 
the city. But opium is ruining them, 
body and soul, till little is now left of 
their once good name. But the light is 
beginning to shine even there. One 
broke off opium and was baptized last 
fall. He is our best language teacher. 
Another has just broken off. Pray that 
these may have strength to help the rest. 

Feng Hsien Sheng. — He is a principal of 
the Government High School in the city 
here. He has been very friendly with 
Bro. Crumpacker. He is studying the 
Bible and believes it is true. Pray that 
he may accept Christ as his Savior and 
be a power among the high school stu- 

AXKLESVAR, INDIA— Jan. 13-19. (All 
for India prepared .by Adam Ebey.) 

Praise for the work that Bro. McCann, now 
gone home, was able to do in this district. 

Praise for the Christians who have been 
faithful under bitter persecutions. 

Praise for the many villages that have been 

Pray that the missionaries may be kept 
through all the trying things that come 
to them — the heat, the fever season, the 
persecution of the church. 

Pray that the native helpers — catechists, 
Bible women, and teachers — may go to 
their work daily in the power of the Spir- 

Pray that the Bhils, who have heard of 
Christ, may have courage to come out 
boldly for Him. 

Pray especially for the unconverted wives 
of our Christian men. There are so many 
of them. 

DAHANU, INDIA— Jan. 20-26. 

Praise for the blessings that have attended 
the work thus far — the receptive minds 
of the people; the open homes; the de- 
sire for schools. 

Praise that the medical work is now on a 
better basis than ever before. 

Praise for the many Scripture portions that 
have been distributed. 

Pray that the receptive minds may be filled 
with God's message, to the conversion of 
some of these people. 

Pray that the medical work may prove a 
still greater blessing of healing, reaching 
not only the body but the soul. 

Pray for the many schools, for both teach- 
ers and pupils. 

Pray for the Sunday-schools, th'at the week- 
ly messages may be treasured up and 
prove to be real living seed. 

Pray that the Scripture portions may be 
read and prove to be real light-bearers to 
the hearts of the readers. 

AHWA, INDIA— Jan. 27-Feb. 2. 

Praise that, in spite of the inability of the 
missionaries to do full work, the work 
has continued to go on. 

Praise for those who have accepted Christ. 

Praise for the mission of Brother and Sis- 
ter Blough to Ahwa, and for their will- 
ingness to care for the work, that Bro. 
Pittenger may have a chance to recuper- 

44 The Missionary Visitor Ja i9is ry 

Pray that the missionaries may be given Let some such hungry-hearted child 

strength and physical endurance, that the To your sad hearts be pressed. 

work may be no more hindered. " ... 

n -t. t i.u j 1-4-- u 4- And y e wno lon g for happiness 

Pray that the adverse conditions may but __ ^ ■ ■ *^ 

, , . iL j Yet know not what to do, 

prove blessings in the end. ,__, _ , , „ , . . , ' .„ 

{ . u u 7 ■ m, • * Who find that a11 thls lovely life 

Pray for the babes in Christ. __ . J 

„ , , . i . ...... Means misery to you, 

Pray for a deepening of the spiritual life _, . J J ' , , , 

e , x, i ±u *. 4-u + 1 Clasp in your arms some helpless babe, 

of the workers, so that they may partake , , . * 

r ^ £ r< • . ii mi And clasp your Savior too 

more of the nature of Christ, and be will- * J 

r ii ,1 • 1 i — Ketta Longstreet-Long\ 

ing to follow their leaders. _ - . & 5 

Porto Rico. 

VYARA, INDIA— Feb. 3-9. & <£ 

Praise for the many Christians, new and FINANCIAL NOTES 

old, who are willing to learn and ready 

, .", (Continued from Page 48) 

to be led. Pennsylvania— $65.65. 

Praise for the self-sacrificing spirit of the Western District. 

. . • • i I'll Try Class, Ligonier, $ 65 

missionaries in charge. Individuals. 

Praise for the victories gained and to be Gertrude A. Flory, $10; Hettie Seese, 

«P— , 12 00 

gained through faith. Middle District, Congregation. 

-n • r .-I i i .j Carson Valley 3 00 

Praise for the women who have accepted Sunday-school. 

Christ Snake Spring 10 00 

-^ t < 1 1 r 1 • Individual. 

Pray for the health and strength of the mis- E. B. Hoover, 5 00 

sionaries and workers. (The climate is ^tr^nf^Tk^H^A, 10 00 

malarious.) Southern District, 

-n , . ri1 . £ -i 1 i j ,i Always Willing Class, Waynesboro, .. 25 00 

Pray for an infilling of the leaders and the Michigan— $55.52. 

church Congregation. 

cnurcn. Thornapple 52 52 

Pray for growth in numbers and in grace. Individual. 

x , r j ^, - ,. , , Amanda Wertenberger, 3 00 

We need more Christians, but we need Texas $27.00. 

better men and women more Individuals. 

ucllci men aim wumeii mure. E A Frantz, $25; F. G. Gross, $2, .. 27 00 

Pray that the work may be kept from in- tforth Dakota— $25.00. 

jury in spite of the attempts of evil-mind- n Geo! K^ Miller . 25 00 

ed and malicious persons to overthrow it. Oklahoma — $23.90. 


Frank D. Howell, $20.40; A sister, 

$3.50, 23 90 

<£ <£ Virginia— $14.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

S. H. Hausenfluck and wife, 10 00 

"HE THAT TAKES A LITTLE CHILD Southern District, Congregation. 

TAVI70 wi?» Mt. Jackson, 4 00 

TAKES ME West Virginia— $10.50. 

First District, Individual. 

We took a tiny, feeble child Martha Dandridge, 10 50 

t, . . ,, , , , New York— $10.00. 

But in the Master s name, Congregation. 

And with the baby to our home Brooklyn, . 10 00 

J Wisconsin — $10.00. 

The Lord in person came, Individual. 

A , ,,. , r A. ..,, J. M. Fruit, 10 00 

And everything done for the child Missouri— $5.50. 

Seemed done for Him the same. M l ddle 5 is £ rict ' I P di y] dl ^o ls - » - ■ * M 

Wm. M. Cox and wife, $2 ; A sister, $2 ; 

' . «•«.*,, J. M. Hook and wife, $1 ; Joe Holland. 50 

Strange that in working for the babe cents, 5 50 

We won our long-lost health; TnSRTduS^ 5 '™' 

Strange, that the money that it cost Mr. and Mrs. L. D. Replogle, 5 00 

c , . . -,- Idaho— $5.00. 

Seemed to increase our wealth; Individual. 

Strange, that the purest peace and joy wlshin/ton^.bo". 5 °° 

Came to us as by stealth. Individual. 

Ethel Mudge 3 00 

Oh, ye who have your children lost, Total for the month) .$ 1.230 25 

And ye, who ne'er possessed Previously received, •••:•• 3 > 713 15 

. ' . Plus Sweitzer Donation from World- 

Those tiny forms of innocence Wide, 5 00 

So valued, so caressed, For the year so far .$ 4,948 40 


The Missionary Visitor 




In the Report in the September Visitor the 
Conference Offering was counted the second time, 
hence the change of totals in this report. 

During the month of November the General 
Mission Board sent out 104.236 pages of tracts. 

The following donations were received by the 
Board to its funds during November: 


Pennsylvania— $140.16. 

Western District. Congregation. 

Penn Run-Manor, $ 10 33 


Annie M. Garber, $1 ; Thos. Harden 

and family, $1, 2 00 

Middle District, Congregation. . 

Leamersville 30 03 


Miriam M. Claar, $10; C. J. Rose. $10; 
Susan Rouzer. $5; Mrs. Geo. White, $3; A 

sister, 50 cents 28 50 

Eastern District. Sunday-school. 

Ridgely 7 03 


Anna S. Hudack, $5; Kate Merkey, Lit- 
tle Swatara, $2 7 03 

Southern District. Congregations. 

Lower Cumberland — Mechanicsburg, 

.$44.42 ; Buffalo, $1.70 46 12 


Chambersburg, 7 10 


Mary Cockley, 2 00 

China — $100.00. 

A brother and sister, 100 00 

Indiana — $89.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. Jos. Weaver, $1 ; A sister, $10, ... 11 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

I. C. Ulrey. $25: Eld. Otho Winger 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 25 50 

Southern District. Individuals. 

Austin Himes, $50; Mollie Peffley, $1.50; 

Floyd A. McGuire, $1, ' 52 50 

California — $80.20. 

Northern District, Individuals). 

A sister, Reedley, $15; Individuals. 

$32.65, 47 6") 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Sallie Hatfield and daughter. $25; Ir- 
vin A. Nettrouer, $5; Nelson Kagorise, 

$2.55, 32 53 

Kansas — $71.55. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Belleville, 12 00 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Overbrook, 7 34 


Emma Hass. $5: Roy H. Mohler. $2.0."): 
R. A. Yoder (marriage notice). 50 rents, 8 4") 

SouthAvestern District. Individuals. 

S. E. Hylton. $13.56; Rcgina Harnish. 
$10; Mrs. Catherine Martin. $2.60; Emry 

Martin, $2.60 ; Katie Yost, $1 '. 2!) 76 

Southeastern District. Sunday-school. 

Verdigris, * 11 00 


Susan Crumpacker, Paint Creek, $2; 
Rebecca Crumpacker, Paint Creek, $1, 3 00 

Illinois— $71.40. 
Northern District. 

Mt. Morris College Miss. Society, 50 00 


John Weber. $3; Dan'l Barrick. $1: P. 
M. rmphlet. $1; Dessa Shiffler. $1; Eliz- 
abeth Gnagy, $1; Harvev Miller. $1; 

A sister, $7 15 00 

Southern District. Individuals. 

Mrs. J. G. Wolfe. $5; Mary Hester, $1; 

J. M. Cox, 40 cents 6 40 

Ohio— $49.32. 

Northwestern District. Congregations. 

Lick Creek, $2; Silver Creek, $1, 3 00 


29 01 

10 20 

42 00 

5 00 

30 13 

3 50 

Fern Kaser, $2.60; C. S. Lehman (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; David Byerly 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, ' '.$ 3 60 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Black River, $4.67; Chippewa, $4.25, 8 92 


Maria Zellner, $1; C. A. Wright (mar- 
riage notice) , 50 cents, ] r>0 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Harris Creek 7 20 


Donnels Creek, 14 10 


Jane Miller, Covington, $5; Ira and 
Grace Landis, $3; Florence and Lillie 

Lyday, $2 ; Katie Beath, $1, 11 03 

Idaho— $48.24. 

Winchester, $19.10; Nampa, $9.94, .. 

Hallie M. Parriott, 

Canada— $47.00. 

Western District. Congregation. 

Battle Creek 


Mrs. W. H. Stutsman, 

Nebraska— $33.63. 

Octavia. $18.30 ; Enders. $11.83, 


David Harvey 

Maryland — $33.61. 

Middle District. Sundav-school. 

West Brownsville, 32 37 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

N. J. Miller (marriage notice). 50 
cents: J. M. Henry. Washington. D. C. 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Jasper C. 

Garner. 24 cents 1 24 

Iowa — $33.50. 

Northern District. Individuals. 

Susanna Burd. $10; Eld. A. P. Blough 

(marriage notices), $1 1100 

Middle District, Individuals. 

S. and Agnes Schlotman. $5; Leander 

Smith (marriage notices). $1 6 00 

Southern District. Individuals. 

Leon Gentry, $10; Nora Bolton. $2; 
Emanuel Henry. $3.50; Ada I. Correll. 

English River. $1, 16 50 

Virginia — $28.50. 

First District, Individuals. 

Nannie Sutphin. $3; Martha Riner. W. 

Va., $1, 4 03 

Second District. Individuals. 

A. C. Rieley, $10; G. B. Flory (marriage 

notice) , 50 cents 1 50 

Northern District. Individual. 

J. P. Strole and wife 7 03 

Southern District, Individual. 

Sarah J. Hylton 2 03 

Eastern District, Individual. 

D. T. Bailiff 5 03 

Louisiana— $27.00. 

M. G. and Flora Myers, $26: J. PI 

Lewis, $1, 27 03 

North Dakota— $23.30. 

Bethany. $11.20 ; Egeland. $6, 17 20 


N. Hill 6 10 

Oregon — $11.40. 

A. L. Buck 11 40 

Michigan— $10.50. 

Mrs. J. S. Meyerhoeffer. $7.50: Mrs. 
Alex. Burrell. Chippewa Lake. $1: Mary 
Eby, $1; John M. Smith (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; C. L. Wilkins (marriage 

notice), 50 cents, 10 50 

Texas — $10.00. 

A. J. Burris 10 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


West Virginia— $10.00. 

First District, Individual. 

B. F. Wratchford, $ 10 00 

Missouri— $9.50. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Emma Schildknecht, 2 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

L. P. and R. Donaldson, $7; Jas. M. 

Mohler (marriage notice), 50 cents, 7 50 

Minnesota — $6.50. 

Mr. and Mrs. L. D. Replogle, $5; Mrs. 
P. A. Richert, $1 ; A. J. Nickey (marriage 

notice) , 50 cents, 6 50 

Oklahoma — $6.00. 

A sister, 6 00 

Florida— $5.25. 

Isaac and Blanche Cripe, $3 ; Cara V. 
Cripe, $1.00; Grace Cripe, 25 cents; Da- 
vid Cripe, 25 cents; Alice Cripe, 25 
cents; Ethel Cripe, 25 cents; Amsey 

Cripe, 25 cents, 5 25 

C olorado — $5.00. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Individuals, 5 00 

Washington— $4.20. 

Stiverson, 4 20 

Tennessee — $1.00. 

Mrs. M. M. Fine, 1 00 

Montana — $0.40. 

O. W. Gish, 40 

Unknown — $0.80. 

Total for the month, $ 956 96 

Previously received 48,839 35 

Less Sweitzer donation to Armenia, ... 5 00 

For the year so far, $49,791 31 


Kansas — $66.59. 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Topeka, $30.10; Sabetha, $16.01; Wash- 
ington, $13.19; Richland Center, $7.29, .. 
Pennsylvania — $15.00. 
Eastern District, Congregation. 


Florida— $3.00. 

A sister in Christ, 

Indiana — $2.50. 

Southern District, Individual. 

F. A. McGuire 

Oregon — $2.00. 


A. E. Troyer and wife, 

66 59 

15 00 
3 00 

2 50 

2 00 

Total for the month, $ 89 09 

Previously received, 1,662 44 

For the year so far, $ 1,751 53 


Pennsylvania — $39.23. 

Western District. 

Class No. 2, Locust Grove, Johnstown, 
Middle District, Individual. 

Ryntha Shelly, 

Illinois— $33.78. 

Northern District, .Sundayschool. 

Waddams Grove, 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Cerro Gordo, 

Colorado — $25.00. 
Northeastern District. 

In memory of Frank Dick, 

Virginia — $25.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Linville Creek, 

Kansas — $11.89. 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Monitor Elementary, 

Indiana— $10.00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Manchester Primary, 

12 64 
26 59 

13 78 
20 00 

25 00 

25 00 

11 8D 

10 00 

Michigan — $8.00. 

Sunfield, $ 8 00 

Ohio— $5.00. 
Southern District. 

West Dayton Cradle Roll and Prima- 
ry, 5 00 

West Virginia— $3.75. 

First District, Congregation. 

W^olf ord, Red Creek, 3 75 

Total for the month, $ 161 65 

Previously received, 1,617 24 

For the year so far, $ 1,778 89 


Virginia— $50.00, 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

West Mill Creek, 

Willing Workers, Mill Creek, 

Texas — $32.00. 


25 00 
25 00 

32 00 

Ohio— $25.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Olivet, Jonathan Creek, 

Oregon— $15.00. 

A. L. Buck, 

25 00 
15 00 

Kansas — $6.25. 

Southeastern District. 
Loyal Workers, Parsons, 

6 25 

Indiana — $6.25. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

6 25 

134 50 
919 80 

Total for the month, 

Previously received, 

For the year so far, $ 1,054 30 


Idaho — $60.98. 

Clearwater, $ 60 98 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Leamersville, 4 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Annie Cockley, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 65 98 

Previously received, 1,106 66 

For the year so far, $ 1,172 64 


Missouri — $25.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 


Virginia— $8.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 


Ohio — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Sara Bigler, 

25 00 
8 00 
1 00 

Total for the month $ 34 00 

Previously received, 65 00 

For the year so far, $ 99 00 


Ohio— $224.25. 

Northwestern District. Aid Societies. 

Pleasant View, $100; Belief ontaine. 

$10, $ 110 00 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Freeburg 39 25 

Aid Societies. 

East Chippewa, $50; East Nimishillen, 

$25 75 00 

Tr insas — $80.00. 

Northwestern District, Aid Society. 

North Solomon, 50 00 

Southwestern District, Aid Society. 

East Wichita 5 00 

Ophelian Girls, McPherson, 25 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Pennsylvania— $80.00. 

Western District, Aid Societies. 

Gleaners Aid,— Berlin, $ 5 00 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Fairview, 25 00 

Eastern District, Aid Societies. 

Chiques, $25 ; Tulpehocken, $25 50 00 

Illinois— $75.00. 
Northern District. 

Loyal Workers, Polo, 25 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Virden, 50 00 

New Mexico — $50.00. 
Aid Society. 

Miami 50 00 

Idaho— $50.00. 
Aid Society. 

Nezperce, 50 00 

Colorado — $41.00. 

Southeastern District, Aid Society. 

Rocky Ford, 41 00 

Iowa — $25.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Grundy County, 25 00 

Virginia— $25.00. 

Second District, Aid Society. 

Elk Run, 25 00 

Indiana — $20.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Syracuse, 5 00 

Middle District, Aid Societies. 

Plunge Creek Chapel, $10; Wabash, $5, 15 00 
Oregon — $5.00. 
Aid Society. 

Bandon 5 00 

California— $2.50. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Golden Gate, 2 50 

Total for the month $ 677 75 

Previously received, 5,003 41 

For the year so far, $ 5,681 16 


Pennsylvania — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
Annie Cockley $ 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 1 00 

Previously received, 91 25 

For the year so far, $ 92 25 


Indiana— $274.56. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Walnut, $16.07; Blissville, $8.50; Sa- 
lem, $7.66, $ 32 23 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Pipe Creek, 50 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Nettle Creek, $50.50; Ladoga, $38.34: 
Arcadia, $18.37; Mississinewa, $17.75; 
Four Mile, $15.50; Buck Creek, $13.71; 
Kilbuck, $10; Beech Grove. $7.33; Middle- 
town, $9.88; New Bethel. $5.90; Summit- 

ville, $3.25 ; Howard, $1.80, 192 33 

Texas — $5.00. 

F. G. Gross 5 00 

Idaho— $1.89. 

Nampa, 1 89 

Mississippi — $20.00. 

A brother 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 301 45 

Previously received, 1,659 94 

For the year so far $ 1,961 39 

Colorado — $26.04. 
Southeastern District. 

Bible Class. Wiley, $ 26 04 

Michigan— $11.00. 
Aid Societv. 

Woodland, 11 00 

Idaho— .$7.00. 
Christian Workers. 
Clearwater, $ 7 00 

Total for the month, $ 44 04 

Previously received, 479 12 

For the year so far, 523 16 

Maryland — $5.00. 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Fulton Avenue, $ 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $4.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Leamersville, 4 00 

Total for the month, $ 9 00 

Previously received, 668 33 

For the year so far, $ 677 33 


Indiana — $246.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Fannie Myer, $10; Martha Welty, $5; 
Mary Jane Stinehouse, $1 ; Nellie Bech- 
telheimer, $5; E. H. Brubaker, $2; Etta 
Myer, $6; Vesta Myer, $7.50; Mary Over- 
holser, $3; David Eikenberry, $5; Mary 
I. Smith, $4; David Bower, $10; Eliza- 
beth Eikenberry, $3; Emma Eikenberry, 
$2; Sam A. Musleman, $10; Sarah E. 
Myer, $5; Mary Replogle, $2; Flora 
Brim, $5; I. L. and Ida Cunningham, 
$25; E. O. Metzger, $10; Irvin Brim, $5; 
Chas. A. Tritle and wife, $20; W. H. 
Eikenberry, $15; W. H. Metzger, $15; El- 
mer C. Metzger, $7.50; Francis Metzger, 
$1; Wm. Eckerle, $25; I. M. Wheeler, 
$5; Chas. E. Stouse, $2: S. C. Shigley 
and wife, $10; A. W. Eikenberry and 
wife, $20, $ 246 00 

Total for the month, $ 246 00 

Previously received, 664 03 

For the year so far, $ 910 03 


Indiana— $15.80. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Anderson, $ 15 80 

North Dakota— $2.65. 

Bethany, 2 65 

Total for the month $ 18 45 

Previously received, 194 46 

For the year so far, $ 212 91 


Indiana — $24.85. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Blue River $ 16 13 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Pipe Creek 8 72 

South Dakota— $5.00. 

Maria Taylor, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 29 85 

Previously received, 4 50 

For the year so far, $ 34 35 


Indiana— $16.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 
Pleasant Hill, •$ 16 50 

Total for the month, $ 16 50 

Previously received, 71 50 

For the year so far, $ 89 00 


The Missionary Visitor 



Missouri — $50.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 
Bruce Williams, $ 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 50 00 

Previously received, 142 00 

For the year so far, $ 192 00 


Wisconsin — $2.00. 


Willard, $ 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2 00 

For the year so far 2 00 


Nebraska— $85.48. 


South Beatrice, $80.67; Enders, $4.81,..$ 85 48 
Ohio— $30.25. 
Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Maple Grove, 30 25 

Illinois — $15,00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Albert Myers, 15 00 

Total for the month, $ 130 73 

Previously received, 14 00 

For the year so far, $ 144 73 


Pennsylvania. — $3.00. 

Southern District. Individuals. 
Annie Cockley, $1; Mary Cockley, $2,..$ 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 3 00 

Previously received, . ,\ 36 23 

For the year so far, $ 39 23 


Pennsylvania— $38.86. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mrs. S. P. Brumbaugh, $ l 00 

Eastern District, Individual. 

■ A Sister, Conewago, 5 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Pleasant Hill, Codorus, 12 86 


D. D. Rinehart, $10; C. S. Rinehart, 

$5 ; K. M. Rinehart, $5, 20 00 

Maryland — $35.00. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View, 25 00 

Eastern District, Individual. 

E. C. Bixler, 10 00 

Nebraska — $30.08. 


Dan'l Frantz, 32 08 

Indiana— $25.00. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Bethany, 25 00 

Wisconsin — $10.00. 

J. M. Fruit 10 00 

Kansas — $10.00. 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

A. B. Lichtenwalter, 10 00 

Montana — $6.00. 

Mrs. Geo. E. Wright, 6 00 

Ohio— $5.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Martha Morse, 5 00 

Texas — $3.00. 

F. G. Gross, 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 162 94 

Previously received 299 48 

For the year so far, $ 462 42 


Pennsylvania— $36.00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Snake Spring, $ 10 00 


Mrs. Geo. White, 1 00 

Southern District. 

Always Willing Class, Waynesboro, . . 25 00 
Iowa— $52.75. 
Southern District, Congregation. 

Salem, 52 75 

Total for the month $ 88 75 

Previously received, 1,215 67 

For the year so far $ 1,304 42 


Ohio— $197.15. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-schools. 

Pleasant View, $44.79; Baker, $40; 

Sand Ridge, $5.05 $ 89 84 


Claude G. Vore and family, $10.70; 
Lydia Fried, Lick Creek, $5; N. I. Cool, 

$5 20 70 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Mt. Zion, 24 11 

Southern District, Congregation. 

New Carlisle 51 50 


Pearl Ruble, $6; An individual, $5,.. 1100 

Maryland— $167.00. 
Middle District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View, 152 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Thurmont, Monocacy, 5 00 


Mrs. E. C. Bixler, 10 00 

Iowa— $159.75. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Conrad Messer 25 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

J. B. Spurgeon, $50; Mrs. J. B. Spur- 
geon and Son, $10; S. and Agnes Schlot- 

man, $10 ; L. A. Walker, $10, 80 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Salem, 52 75 


Gwendle Williams, 2 00 

Indiana — $114.80. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

WaUiu't, 33 83 


Burton Metzler, $13; Mrs. Albert 
Gump, $2; Sarah Gump, $5; A sister, 
South Bend, $5; A brother and sister, 

$20 ; A sister, $10, 55 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Lloyd Clowser, $22; Lottie Hummel. 

$1 ; A brother, $3, 26 00 

China— $100.00. 

A brother and sister, 100 00 

California— $83.48. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Geo. and Ella Gerdes, $10; A brother, 

$25 35 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Pasadena, 42 48 


E. P. Fike. $5; Blanche Arbegast, $1, 6 00 

Kansas— $82.00. 
Northeastern District, Individuals. 

E. W. and Wm. H. Funderburgh, 50 00 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

East Wichita, 22 00 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Lee Harader, 10 00 

Illinois— $66.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Silver Creek, 5o 00 

Individuals. _ . , 

Ervin and Hattie Weaver, $5; A sister, 
Elgin, $5; A brother, Franklin Grove, 

$1, n oa 

(Continued on Page 44) 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Lift Ad 
visory Member. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind 

J. J. TODER. McPherson, Kans. A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 



H. C. EARLY, President. 
OTHO WINGER, Vice President. 
GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary, and 
Editor of Missionary Visitor. 



Mt.. Sidney, Va. 

Wine, A. F. (on furlough) 

Wine, Attie C. (on furlough) - 
Friisgatan No. 2, Malmd, Sweden. 

Buckingham, Ida 

Graybill, J. F. 

Gray bill, Alice M. 

Ping Ting: Hsien, Shansi, China. 

Blough, Anna V. 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Horning, Emma 

Oberholtzer, I. E. 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Vaniman, Ernest D. 

Vaniman, Susie C. 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J. 

Wampler, Rebecca C. 
Llao Chou, Shansi, China. 

Bright, J. Homer 

Bright, Minnie 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G. 

Brubaker, Cora M. 

Flory, Raymond C. 

Flory, Lizzie N. 

Hutchison, Anna M. 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Shock, Laura M. 

North China Language School, Peking, 

Clapper, V. Grace 
Flory, Edna R. 
Flory, Nora 
Flory, Byron M. 
Heisey, Walter J. 
Heisey, Sue R. 
Pollock, Myrtle 
Schaeffer, Mary 
Seese, Anna 
Seese, Norman R. 

On Furlough. 

Cripe, Winnie 

Walkerton, Ind. 
Metzger, Minerva 
Rossville, Ind. 

Ahwa, Dangg Forest, via Bllimora, India. 
Pittenger, J. M. 
Pittenger, Florence B. 

Anklesvar, Broach DIst., India. 
Stover, W. B. 
Stover, Mary E. 
Widdowson, Olive 
Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India. 

Alley, Howard L. 
Alley, Hattie Z. 
Blough, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, Dr; Laura M. 
Ebbert, Ella 
Grisso, Lillian 
Mohler, Jennie 
Miller, Eliza B. 
Mow, Anetta 
Ross, A. W. . 
Ross, Flora N. 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India. 

Eby, Anna M. 
Lichty, Daniel L. 
Lichty, Nora A. 
Garner, H. P. 
Garner, Kathryn B. 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 
Royer. B. Mary 
Swartz, Goldie 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India. 

Emmert, Jesse B. 
Emmert, Gertrude R. 
Hoffert, A. T. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India. 

Kaylor, John I. 
Kaylor, Rosa 
Powell, Josephine 

Post: Umalla, via Anklesvar, India. 

Arnold, S. Ira 
Arnold, Elizabeth 

Vyara, via Surat, India. 

Long, I. S. 
Long, Effie V. 
Miller, Sadie J. 
On Furlough. 
Ebey, Adam, North Manchester, Ind. 
Ebey, Alice K., North Manchester, Ind. 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 200 6th Avo., Al- 

toona, Pa. 
Holsopple, Q. A., Elgin, Illinois 
Holsopple, Kathren R., Elgin, 111. 
Shumaker. Ida C, Meyersdale, Pa. 

Please notice — 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
3c for each additional ounce or fraction. At this time place the following on all letter's 
to India : " Please send via Pacific." 



is an Efficient Plan for Weekly Giving to 
both Current Expenses and Benevolences 





consist of a carton of envelopes [23? \ DEC 23 KM? DEC2318; 7 
for each member giving a pledge, 

pledge cards, stock envelopes, and *— ^ ox w£mt orreK8<a *^^rSrvei.e«Es 

a Sower Financial Record. I cUHRENT expenses of "* * "~ l^js"* 5 * '. T * 


«*k»B?) !««v«T7 ooc<rf tot UwiMwjttllrt 

1. Cartons of Sower Envelopes 

contain 52 envelopes, an explana- 
tory leaflet and an initial offering ! & , sEHS" <ar ' 5S ®^ 
envelope. The Duplex Envelopes ^^KJSSS&T* 
have two pockets and thus provide >' w»** ■ m*-******"- 
a place for amounts for current ex- • . . . 

penses and for benevolences. These Duplex envelopes are always printed in 
two colors, the benevolence side in red and the current expense side in black. 

Sower Single Pocket Envelopes are for churches that still prefer the single 
budget system. All envelopes are numbered and dated to insure regular giv- 
ing. We can supply these envelopes, numbered and dated, in either white or 
manila stock, and packed in cartons with the explanatory leaflet and natial 
offering envelopes. 

Prices for either Sower Duplex or Sower Single Pocket Envelopes: 

White envelopes, per set, complete, 10 cents 

Manila envelopes, per set, complete, 9 cents 

Transportation extra from S. W. Ohio. 

2 Pledge Cards are provided for either the Duplex or the Single Envelope 
system. The Weekly Duplex Offering Pledge Card No. 1 or the Weekly 
Offering Pledge Card No. 2 (for the Single Envelope System) comes at the 
same price. 
Price per 100 40 cents postpaid 

3. Stock Envelopes, either Duplex or Single Pocket, and in white paper 
only, can be obtained for pew use. The Duplex Stock Envelopes have the 
same printing as those that come in sets, but are unnumbered and undated. 
Single Pocket Stock Envelopes are furnished in three kinds: No. A, Current 
Expenses; No. B, Benevolences; No. C, Pastor's Support. Price of either 
Duplex or Single Pocket Envelopes, 90 cents per 500; $1.50 per 1000, prepaid. 

4. The Sower Financial Record is made in three sizes. The Record is 
adapted to the Duplex System. It contains the individual member's accounts, 
Separate Current Expense and Benevolence Space. Provides for recording 
in detail receipts and disbursements. No. 1 for 200 names, $1.50 postpaid; 
No. 2 for 300 names, $1.75 postpaid; No. 3 for 500 names $2.25 postpaid. 

Send for Samples and Literature on the Sower Envelope System 

° rder from Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 


ital employee, and it will be placed In the hands of our soldiers or sailors at the front. No wrapping: — no ad- 
ss. A. S. Burleson, Postmaster General. 







jjll 3SC tijou not knoton? bast tbou 
^l not bearDr tbe everlasting <S5oD, 
tfte JLorD, tbe Creator of tfte ends of 
tbe eartb, faintetb not, neither 10 
toearp; tbere is no searching of ^)i0 
unDerstanDing. ©e gitoetb potoer to 
tbe faint; anD to bim tfjat batb no 
migbt lj)e increased) strengths Ctoen 
tfte poutbs sball faint anD be toearp, 
anD tbe poung men sball utterlp fall: 
but tbep tbat toait upon tfte JLorD 
sball reneto tbeir strength; tbep sball 
mount up toitb toings as eagles; tbep 
sball run anD not be toearp; tbep 
sball toalk anD not faint 

3Jsa. 41:2B-31 

h,:::-:,;;-::!^^;' 'jl!!:V'Sr: "'r'!. 1 :^ ,:- .'I. 'L:. 1 ';!.;,:;!::!-::/.:;-,, 1 .',.■ ,.'- : '■:;-] 

Vol. XX 
No. 2 


The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to tht 
Gtneral Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Dif- 
ferent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will bt 
Interested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that, these subscription terms do not include a subscrip- 
tion for every dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of one dollar or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church-, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

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When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper 
each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered as second class matter at the. postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for February, 1918 



Doubt, the Natural Thing in Times of Adversity, By Floyd \L Irvin, . .51 

The Great Work Started, By Nettie M. Senger, 52 

Dealing with a Native Christian Worker, By R. C. Flory, 53 

En Route to China, By Nora Phillips Flory, 56 

News from China, By Emma Horning and Rebecca C. Wampler, 57 

Personal Observations, By I. S. L., 60 

Some Joyful News from India, By Kathryn Ziegler, 62 

An Accident to the God, By Erne V. Long, 62 

Contrasts, 63 

The Sower Envelope System, 63 

Christmas in the Home, By Viola Speicher, 65 

The Report of a Mission Study Class, By Sannie F. Shelly, 66 

The Weekly Prayer Hour, By Brother and Sister Adam Ebey. 71 


A Long Walk, 68 

Signs of a New India, 69 

An " Untouchable " Climbs Up. 69 


The Fence or the Ambulance (Poem), 70 

Today (Poem) 70 

A Day in My Boyhood, 70 



The Missionary Visitor 


Volume XX 


Number 2 


" Whosoever shall be great among you 
shall be your minister; and whosoever 
would be first among you shall be your 
servant: even as the Son of man came not 
to be ministered unto, but to minister, and 
to give His life a ransom for many." 

" Every armed man of you will pass over 
Jordan before the Lord, until He hath driv- 
en out His enemies from before Him, but 
if ye will not do so, behold, ye have sinned 
against the Lord: and be sure your sin 
will find you out." 

" The church that forgets self in its pas- 
sion for others will in that forgetfulness 
find itself." Greatness is found through the 
medium of ministration; priority is estab- 
lished through the way of service; success 
is achieved through whole-hearted cooper- 
ation; self is discovered through self-denial 
and self-forgetfulness. 

The children of Israel were on the way 
to Canaan. The heathen peoples east of 
Jordan were defeated by the Israelitish 
host. Certain of the tribes desired to estab- 
lish themselves at once in the land. The 
land of Canaan, whither they were proceed- 
ing, had not yet been occupied. But the 
pasture land just possessed satisfied them. 

Moses fully understood the situation. If 
they desired this land they might have it; 
but not at present. Their brethren had 
helped to conquer it, and this was no time 
to settle down, leaving the larger tasks for 
others to complete. The punishment, al- 
ways meted out to greed and selfishness, 
would surely overtake them if they re- 
fused to do their full share. 

There is a lesson in this bit of experi- 
ence of the tribes of Reuben and Gad that 

Christians can well consider. Through the 
sacrifice of those who have gone before 
them, or through the needs of others, they 
have become prosperous, and with prosper- 
ity they have found contentment. The first 
laws of sacrifice they know nothing about 
in their own experience. Nor do they care 
to know. The "regions beyond" are out- 
side their horizon, and what responsibility 
have they? 

" How long is it," asked an old Moham- 
medan woman in India, " since Jesus died 
for sinful people? Look at me. I am old, 
I have prayed, I have given alms, I have 
gone to the holy shrines, I am become as 
dust from fasting, and all this is useless. 
Where have you been all this time? " How, 
dear brother, you who are satisfied, disin- 
terested in other folks, can you answer this 
unsaved child of God with hosts of her kind, 
when you are confronted by her in the judg- 

" You have been many moons in this 
land " said an old Eskimo to the Bishop of 
Selkirk. " Did you know this good news 
then? Since you were a boy? And your 
father knew? Then why did you not come 
sooner?" Heathen peoples hunger; they 
long for the water that will quench their 
eternal thirst; they also think. What must 
be their inevitable conclusion when they 
hear of the good news and find out that the 
Church of the Brethren, each individual 
member, has known of the unquenchable 
fountain for his lifetime? What answer 
have we? 

" How is it," asked a Peruvian of the 
snowy Andes, " that during all the years 
of my life I never before heard that Jesus 
Christ spoke those precious words?" What 
is the answer to his question? "How shall 


The Missionary Visitor 


they hear without a preacher, and how shall 
they preach except they be sent?" The 
answer to the Peruvian's question in part 
is to be made by our young people who 
can go, and in part by those among us who 
have the means to send them. 

" Why," cried a Moor to a Bible-seller in 
the white streets of Casablanca, North 
Africa, " have you not run everywhere with 
this Book? Why do so many of my peo- 
ple not know of the Jesus Whom it pro- 
claims? Why have you hoarded it to your- 
self? Shame on you!" In the mind of this 
old Moor — and his thoughts were correct — 
not only are Christians guilty in failing to 
tell the story, but likewise we are guilty in 
withholding the Word of God itself. 

We are going to present a question to 
our readers in the same way that it came 
before the General Mission Board last month 
■ — a question that you may be able to help 
answer with your prayers, money and lives. 
It is a question of workers and concerns 
our mission field in India. The following 
is the letter, with names, of course, omitted: 
" Let me say another thing while on this 
subject, for it faces us in rather a serious 
way. We are not discouraged, nor are we 
hunting the black side, but several facts 
face us. We are due to go on furlough next 
spring. You know that wife has been a 
sufferer for years. She is better, but it is 
a question if she can pass medical exami- 
nation and come back. Bro. comes 

next. He has not been well for three years, 
and not carrying full work. But we could 
have hardly gotten on without him. Now 
suppose he is kept home by ill health. Bro. 

■ will come next. He is running on 

low gear, and as he had a hard time getting 
through the other time, we naturally have 
our fears about how it will be the next time. 

About that same time Bro. s are due 

on furlough. Sister is not strong. 

We hope she may be strong then and come 
back, but if not? What to do about it? 
Get all the old workers to come back that 
reasonably can be sent back. Get all the 
new men out as soon as possible, so that 
they get through the training camp as soon 
as possible to take up some of these bur- 
dens that some of us must lay down." 

No words that we can add will make the 
foregoing appeal any stronger. We know 
that hundreds of our young people with 
honest hearts are hastening preparation to 
be of service for the Lord; and we know 
their resolute purpose. But they are not 
all in position to answer this call. It is 
immediate, it is imperative. The need can 
be supplied only by several strong young 
men. They should go out this coming fall, 
and their applications for appointment 
should be in the hands of the Board for 
the April meeting. Dear brother, dear sis- 
ter, pray with us that this supreme need 
may be met, and then with honest heart do 
your share towards helping God to answer 
your prayer, be it with your possessions or 
your consecrated life. 

The hearts of our people are always open 
to the cries of distress and actual hunger. 
Likely never in the same length of time 
has there been such a generous response 
to any cause set before our people as that 
which is being given to our call for funds 
for the stricken peoples of Armenia and 
Syria. Thousands of dollars have come in- 
to our hands for disbursement to their 
needy people. 

It was a cause for much joy when our 
Conference at Goshen on January 9 placed 
itself on record unanimously in favor of as- 
sisting in the relief and reconstruction work 
in war-stricken lands. We are not a people 
who believe in destruction. Our program 
is constructive, as the program of Jesus 
was to bind up the wounds, comfort the 
broken-hearted and bring peace to the 
world. Unanimously to pledge ourselves to 
such a task as was outlined at Goshen is 
therefore a full commitment to our time- 
honored policy. We shall be bringing full 
credit to our position when we have sup- 
ported the Goshen policy with money and 
helpers for the reconstructive program. 

It is well said that the conflict of Russia 
at this time is fourfold: "A battle against 
the Central Empires of Europe, a political 
revolution of democracy against autocracy, 
a social upheaval of the masses emerging 
from under the aristocracy, and a religious 
struggle to establish full liberty of belief 
and worship." It seems incredible that the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Russia of yesterday, forbidding missionaries 
to labor, today presents the picture of a 
nation grasping out after God in such an 
eager way. 

///// r 

It seems to be a law of the kingdom that 
there is no success without suffering. If 
you succeed without suffering it means that 
some one suffered before you. If you suf- 
fer without succeeding, one who comes aft- 
er you will doubtless have the success. — 
Edward Judson. 

A Calcutta (India) daily paper recently 
reported a trial in which three women and 
their guru (religious preceptor) were 
charged with killing two little boys. The 
act of murder was perpetrated by the wom- 
en at the instigation of the guru to ap- 
pease the gods, with the assurance that, aft- 
er having been offered as meat, the chil- 
dren would be found alive again! The jury 
in the case found a verdict of murder 
against the guru and the mother of the chil- 
dren. In some reflections on the incident, 
an Indian missionary, Rev. G. P. Barss, of 
Tekkali, says: "As long as there is a coun- 
try where such crimes may be committed 
in the name of religion, and where the biog- 
raphies of their gods allow the people to 
think that theft, licentiousness of the worst 
types, cruelty and murder are offerings ac- 
ceptable to them, just so long does that 
land most urgently need the revelation of 
God as it is in Jesus Christ." — Missionary 

After all, mission work analyzed is "put- 
ting unsaved folks next" to the Bible itself, 
that they may search its pages and find 
there the unsearchable riches of Christ. 
Educational work on the mission field plac- 
es the native in position to read the Word; 
industrial work makes him honest and self- 
dependent; medical work is to interpret to 
him lessons of the healing power of the 
Great Physician — directing him towards the 
Fountain Head of all life and comfort and 

Not long since a brother said about some 
one's prayer, "He prays like he is trying to 
force God to answer his petition." God does 
not need to be convinced of our strength. 

He knows that; we need to be convinced of 
our weakness. We must be children of 
God, rendering filial obedience, and not act 
as though we are His patrons. 


Floyd M. Irvin 

" And John bare witness, saying, I have 
beheld the Spirit descending as a dove out 
of heaven; and it abode upon Him. . . . 
And I have seen, and have borne witness 
that this is the Son of God" (John 1: 32-34). 

Could any one have been told more plain- 
ly that Christ is the Son of God than was 
John? Did any one give a testimony con- 
cerning Him which bore a truer ring of cer- 
tainty and conviction than that of John's? 
Yet mark John a little later, when dis- 
couraged and in adverse circumstances: 

" Now when John heard in the prison the 
works of Christ, he sent by his disciples and 
said unto Him, Art Thou He That cometh, 
or look we for another" (Matt. 11: 2-3)? 

How human was John! He let that little 
demon of doubt get a good grip on him 
that time and drag him a long way from his 
former stand. It no doubt held him until 
he got another look at Jesus. 

Fellow volunteer, have you ever allowed 
that demon to get hold of you? One day 
you felt that there was no mistake about it, 
but that God called you to the foreign field; 
but how about it this winter, when you 
are among those who oppose you? You 
felt very sure that God answered prayer 
when you met often with others in the in- 
tercessory prayer band, but how about it 
now when you are away from those of like 
faith, and when you meet many discourage- 
ments? You were sure once that God was 
directing your way very definitely, so that 
nothing but that which was for your good 
could befall you; but how about it now? 
What 'God says once is true forever. If you 
have ceased to believe it, it is because you 
have let the things of the world take your 
attention away from Him. Many noble 
men, even those as great as John, have been 
led to doubt; but they soon. looked for Je- 
sus and were shown the error of their way. 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Way We Observe Sunday in China 

The Great Work Started 

Nettie M. Senger 

A FEW trips had been made to some 
villages, but no one has had time to 
follow up this work, which God has, 
through the mission, given to me — to go to 
the villages around Liao Chou. This fall 
the start was made and I ventured out away 
away from the other missionaries, to live 
among the Chinese for some days at a time. 
The prayers of God's children gave the 
power and wisdom needed, so a report of 
this kind can be made, and we feel the first 
visit, too, could be marked with bits of 

After our six weeks' vacation at our 
mountain camp, where I rested and climbed 
mountains and put all study away, I re- 
turned home, ready to work. I had a crav- 
ing desire to get out and do something for 
these sisters of mine in the villages. So, 
after one day at home, I set forth on a don- 
key, with a Chinese helper and the donkey 
driver on a three hours' trip east of Liao. 
We crossed mountains, forded rivers high 
and swift, and wended our way through 
plains till we came to Chien Lung, the place 
where I had two friends. The whole vil- 
lage was out to greet us as we entered. 
Mrs. Li, with the rest of the village women, 
escorted me to her home and all the rest 
came in, too. My Chinese helper was 

along to prepare my food and to do other 
things that a missionary must have done 
but has no time to do, as the crowds are 
ever ready for something. Soon a dinner 
of millet and beans, with some other dain- 
ties that they do not generally have, was 
ready, and I ate it from a bowl with chop- 
sticks in the presence of a roomful of wom- 
en and children. And it was thoroughly 

After dinner I had a little rest, for don- 
key riding, although one does enjoy it, is a 
bit tiresome. Then the remainder of the 
day was spent calling in homes and sell- 
ing Gospels; and my great work of making 
friends with the village women of China 
was begun. Words are too empty to ex- 
press the real deep joy that was mine. I 
gave pictures, told the story of Jesus, sang 
songs and talked about the everyday af- 
fairs that they best understood, and thus 
the time passed all too fast. One is made 
to feel so unworthy when one sees how 
they do treat us as people of note. At one 
place the soldiers on guard saluted me with 
the martial salute as I entered the city and 
as I left. We should be friends when they 
look up to us as they do. 

In the evening all the people gathered 
on the threshing floor at the edge of the 


The Missionary Visitor 


village for the evening chats, and the 
women had their work along. I sat on 
the roller that had been used in threshing 
the grain. Here I helped the women as we 
chatted, and it seemed to draw us closer 
together. After awhile a call came for us 
to sing, so we sang the evening away, tell- 
ing them about the songs as we sang, till it 
was too dark to see the book, for I have 
not committed many Chinese songs yet; 
however, I know more now than I did then, 
for this was in August. I was escorted to 
my sleeping room, which was a storeroom 
in an upstairs, with plenty of dirt and dust, 
but kind hearts and hands had swept away 
a place for my camp cot, and with a little 
lamp, such as is used in Palestine, with its 
tiny light, I had light enough to read a 
little from my Chinese Testament, and re- 
tired. I have planned to have my own de- 
votional reading all in Chinese when I am 
out on trips like this, and so take my little 
Testament and a devotional book along. I 

need to learn, as well as the people there. 

A most restful night was spent, and the 
next morn the people were ready for more 
singing and stories about Jesus. It must 
be repeated so often, for they get so little 
each time, but it is all so enjoyable. 

While yet in Peking, in conversation 
with an older worker in this kind of effort 
I told her I was very enthusiastic to get 
some work done in the villages, and sup- 
posed if I had as much enthusiasm in twen- 
ty-five years from now it would tell better 
than now how much I wanted to do among 
the women. She laughed and said she 
would be surprised if I did not have much 
more. I'm depending on faithful ones at 
home to pray so I may. 

On leaving I gave an egg plant and some 
Chinese noodles for our expenses. Of 
course I had paid food money besides. This 
was better to them than money. I left 
with a hearty invitation to return soon. 

Liao Chou, Shansi. 

Dealing with a Native Christian Worker 

R. C. Flory 

MR. SUNG, my heart is very sorrow- 
"What can it be that makes 
your heart sorrowful?" 

" To know that you have not a warm 
heart in your work, Mr. Sung. We cannot 
trust you to do your work as you know you 
are expected to do it. In taking care of 
the reading-room you are often a half hour, 
and sometimes an hour, late in opening up 
the room; at other times you close the 
room before the time of closing, and on 
several afternoons you did not open at all. 
All this troubles me a great deal, for I had 
prayed and hoped that you would make 
good and do your work very well." 

"It makes my heart very unpeaceful, Pas- 
tor Fay, to hear you speak this way. I 
think you need not feel so troubled, for I 
have tried to be faithful. I think you must 
be misinformed, for I have opened the 
room every day, and only once or twice 
was I a few minutes late, and that was 
when a friend was calling and I could not 
leave him at once for fear of hurting his 

" Mr. Sung, I myself have gone down 

there a number of times an hour or more 
after opening time. I tried the door and 
it was locked. Several times I went around 
to your room to see what you were doing, 
that you were not caring for the reading- 
room; and looking in at your window what 
did I -see? I saw you sleeping. Is that 
the way to look after the reading-room?" 

"A-hem-m! Yes, I have a weakness 
there which will you please pardon me? 
I know I sleep over a little sometimes. 
Then sometimes there is no one about or 
coming into the reading-room, and so I 
thought it not necessary to stay there and 
keep it open till five o'clock." 

" It pains me very much, Mr. Sung, to 
have to speak with you again about your 
neglecting your work. You know I have 
talked with you twice before this about 
these things, and still you go on in the same 
careless way. How long do you think 
you could remain in the employ of a store 
or other business institution if you thus 
neglected to be prompt and showed so lit- 
tle interest in your work? " 

"Ah, ha, I guess they wouldn't keep me 
in their employ long." 


The Missionary Visitor 


" Mr. Sung, do you think preaching the 
doctrine and selling Gospels to these people 
who know not our Savior is less important 
than selling goods to people to satisfy the 
wants of their bodies? Is not saving souls 
of more importance than making money? 
By the way, Mr. Sung, last week when I 
was not here, and you did not need to help 
us with language study, did you also open 
the room in the morning at nine and keep 
open till twelve?" 

"Yes, yes! Pastor Fay, I opened every 
morning at nine." 

" And you were not late about opening 

"No, no! Pastor Fay, not one time." 

"And you didn't close before twelve?" 

" No, indeed." 

" But, Mr. Sung, how can you speak 
thus? I know of a certainty that you sev- 
eral times were late in opening, and also 
that you closed before time. Do you think 
that, just because I was not here myself, I 
do not know for certain?" 

" Somebody has certainly been telling bad 

" Don't blame any one else, Mr. Sung. 
Some one has -been watching you by my 
request. I was anxious to know how you 
would do in my absence. Mr. Sung, this 
work is very important, and it requires 
some one who is honest and prompt and 
earnest in the work to take care of that 
reading-room. You profess to be a Chris- 
tian, and you preach to these heathen 
Christ's doctrine of love, truthfulness, hon- 
esty, etc. Now, if you do not exemplify 
and live that which you preach, you play 
the hypocrite. Your actions speak louder 
than your words. Even if you do not real- 
ize the importance of this work as to sav- 
ing souls, you should still give six hours 
of your time as a matter of agreement. 
You agreed to give us six hours per day 
for the amount we pay you per month. 
Moreover, Mr. Sung, even if this is not a 
very important business, how could you ex- 
pect us to give you a greater trust when 
you are not faithful in that which is little? 
It amounts to this: we expect to go on 
vacation this summer. I had prayed that 
you would prove yourself faithful to this 
work before we left, so that we could leave 
and have peaceful hearts, knowing that you 
were doing your work well. But if we can 

not trust you when we are here, how can 
we trust you to care for the work when 
we are away? I fear we will have to leave 
you off during our absence, and if by the 
time we return you show that you are will- 
ing to consider the work worthy of your 
prompt and faithful service, we will try you 

" O pastor, please don't do that. I know 
I am a poor, weak creature. Pray God for 
me that I may be strong. Try me again 
and I'll truly be faithful. Pray now with 
me that I may have strength." 

" Mr. Sung, you have thus spoken before, 
and I have also prayed for you, and still 
you have not made good. How can I now 
go away and trust you to do the right thing 
in this work? " 

"But, pastor, will you not forgive me?" 

" Certainly, I very willingly and gladly 
forgive all that you acknowledge and ask 
forgiveness for; but how can you expect to 
be forgiven of sins which you will not ac- 
knowledge? If we confess our sins He is 
faithful and righteous to forgive us our 
sins. But what about covering up our sins? 
The Scripture says, ' He that covereth his 
sins shall not prosper.' " 

" Pastor, you speak the truth. I have 
been a miserable sinner. It makes my heart 
very unpeaceful that I have thus caused you 
so much sorrow. But now I truly repent; 
I will not do this any more. Pray God to 
make me strong." 

" Yes, Mr. Sung, I have prayed and will 
still pray. But remember, that repentance 
is not in word only. True repentance is a 
change of heart. It is a turning about and 
going in another direction opposite from 
our former course. We have dealt with 
you in love and patience, Mr. Sung, and 
prayed for you and talked with you to help 
you, and still you disappoint us. We know 
not what else we can do than to leave you 
off for the summer while we are away. We 
cannot expect to escape suffering for our 
wrongdoings. God forgives us of our sins, 
but still in our bodies we suffer the conse- 
quences of our sins. Paul is a good ex- 
ample. No one ever more thoroughly re- 
pented than he. His sins were forgiven, 
but still he bore their marks and sufferings 
in his body to the grave. Let us bow and 
pray together about this matter, Mr. Sung. 
You lead and we will pray God that He 


The Missionary Visitor 


may lead us and by His Spirit show us 
what to do." (Both kneel and earnest 
prayers for wisdom, strength, guidance and 
forgiveness are offered to the Heavenly 

" Mr. Sung, God has heard our prayers, 
and the Holy Spirit seems to open a way 
to me in this matter. It may seem hard 
to you. You may not think I am dealing 
with a heart of love. Brethren often ac- 
cuse us of not having God's love in our 
hearts when w r e require them to suffer the 
penalty of their mistakes. But remember 
what Paul says in Heb. 12, ' For whom the 
Lord loveth He chasteneth.' You love 
your children, do you not?" 

"Certainly I do." 

" When they do wrong you chastise them. 
What for? Because you hate them? No! 
Because you love them and want them to 
grow into true, noble men. Paul also says, 
'All chastening seemeth for the present to 
be not joyous but grievous; yet afterward 
it yieldeth peaceable fruit unto them that 
have been exercised thereby, even the fruit 
of righteousness.' So in this matter, Mr. 
Sung, I feel that you must suffer some 
chastisement for your own good. Here is 
a plan by which we will try you again: for 
the next three months we will pay you ten 
dollars per month, two dollars less per 
month than you have been receiving. For- 
merly when I talked to you about this, you 
remember I told you we could not pay you 
twelve dollars unless you were prompt and 
did your work well. Now you may choose 
either of these two courses, to be excused 
for the summer, or to receive two dollars 
less per month." 

" Ai, ya; this indeed is hard to bear; but 
I thank Pastor Fay very much that you 
will thus again try me. But can you not try 
me again before you say you will take off 
two dollars per month?" 

" No, Mr. Sung, I have no other plan. It 
has been very hard for me to have to talk 
to you thus. I have talked with the others 
of the mission about this matter, and they 
could think of no other plan than to leave 
you off during my absence, for they can 
not be watching you up all the time. No 
one wants to watch you. Nothing would 
please us more than to know that you are 
at your post of duty when there is no one 
about. The Spirit prompts me to give you 

this one more chance to make good. Are 
you willing to accept this plan?" 

" Yes-s, pastor; thank you very much. 
The money is nothing (?). It pleases me 
to know you will give me another chance. 
I assure you I will not give you more sor- 
row in this matter. Please pray that I may 
be strong. I hope you will not need to 
scold me any more about this fault of 

" Mr. Sung, we will not again admonish 
you of this matter. If you are not prompt 
about opening the reading-room and dili- 
gent in the work we will have to dismiss 
you from this business. On the other hand, 
if you show us that you can be trusted in 
our absence, and do your work satisfacto- 
rily, on our return in the fall we hope we can 
again allow you twelve dollars per month 
from that time on. Mr. Sung, you will not 
be able to fight this battle out alone and 
have victory. You must trust in the pow- 
er of Jesus to succeed. You must pray 
much with your Lord in secret, and you 
must daily study your Bible. You have a 
fine opportunity in that room to teach your 
fellow brethren about the true God and His 
Son, Jesus Christ. Don't be ashamed of 
the Gospel, ' for it is the power of God 
unto salvation to every one that believeth.' 
If you try to cover up .your mistakes to 
save your face before men you will lose 
your soul before God for all eternity. 
Your soul is more valuable than your face. 
Souls all about us are going down to eter- 
nal death every day. We have the Gospel 
that will save them. What will we answer 
before our God on the judgment day if we 
don't do all we can to save them?" 

"Thank you, pastor; I must be going. 
Will meet you again." 

" We will meet again. May God bless 
you in this work." 

There are 700 ordained foreign mission- 
aries and 566 ordained Latin American 
workers in all of the South American ter- 
ritory. In northern Brazil there are seven 
states, ranging in size from a territory 
equal to New Jersey to four times the size 
of Texas, and not an evangelical worker in 
the whole area! This constitutes a chal- 
lenge to churches of America that surely 
can not long be ignored. 


The Missionary Visitor 





A Section of the Peking: City Wall, China 

En Route to China 

Nora Phillips Flory 

WITH preparations for our journey, 
our last days in the homeland were 
unusually busy ones. They were 
filled with joy at the thought of so soon 
being able to reach our chosen field of la- 
bor, yet they were mingled with thoughts 
of sadness, as one by one the days rolled on 
and time drew near for final good-byes. At 
last we bade friends and loved ones fare- 
well and turned our faces toward Seattle. 

We enjoyed our trip across the continent, 
especially our short stay at Chicago and 
Elgin. On Friday evening, prior to our 
date for sailing on Monday (Sept. 10), most 
of our party had arrived in the city. Our 
good brethren of the Seattle church had 
arranged for an all-day missionary meeting 
on Sunday. At this meeting we were fa- 
vored with a sermon, both morning and 
evening, by members of our party. In the 
afternoon we had a rather informal meet- 
ing, conducted by Bro. F. H. Crumpacker, 
in which each of our missionary party 
spoke in brief of his or her joy in being 
counted worthy to be ambassadors for our 
Blessed Master in China. That was a meet- 
ing long to be remembered by each of us. 
Monday was the day set for our sailing, 
We had looked forward to that day with a 
great deal of anticipation, and our joy was 
made full that morning, when, after diffi- 
cult experiences on the part of some to se- 
cure passports, our whole party was per- 
mitted to sail together. Our boat moved 

out from the docks about two o'clock in 
the afternoon. It was then we began to 
realize we were on our way to China. 

The first few days of our voyage the wind 
was rather high. Our boat rocked back 
and forth, making the most of us feel a 
little seasick, while later on we had some 
days when the sea was calm and beautiful. 
We were on the water just eighteen days, 
when we reached our first landing place at 
Yokohama, Japan, and were really glad to 
place our feet on land again. We were due 
to lie over here only a few days, and then 
move on to Kobe, where we were to get our 
next boat for Tientsin, China. Having 
learned that a great typhoon was on the 
Pacific and moving our way, we decided to 
go by rail to Kobe, in order to be in time 
for our next boat, but we had not gone 
very far until our train was at a standstill, 
the rain was pouring and the wind blow- 
ing. We could go no further because of a 
great landslide on the track ahead of us, so 
our train pulled back into Yokohama, and 
here we remained one week. 

It was the worst typhoon they had expe- 
rienced on the coast of Japan for a number 
of years. The coast cities were damaged 
considerably and many lives were lost. We 
felt very thankful to our Heavenly Father 
for His protecting care over us all the way, 
and especially at that time. 

In spite of the fact that we were eager to 
be on our way to China, we enjoyed our 


The Missionary Visitor 


stay in Yokohama. We visited some places 
of interest and tried to spend our time 
profitably. Perhaps it would be of interest 
to you to know a little about the educa- 
tional and mission work carried on in this 
foreign port. We visited two schools, the 
first a mission school, conducted by the 
Dutch Reform people. They have 250 girls 
in attendance. As teachers they have one 
married couple and three single ladies 
from America, and fourteen Japanese. 
These are all Christian except one. Each 
class devotes one hour to Bible study daily. 
They also attend religious services each 
Sabbath. Surely they are sowing the good 
seed among the Japs. 

We next visited a government school, 
which has in attendance over 2,000 Japanese 
boys and girls. Each class has an average 
attendance of sixty pupils. It was very in- 
teresting to see them at work. We were 
forcibly struck with the cleanliness of their 
class rooms. They have forty teachers, 
teach two years of high school work, and 
also music, art and sewing. They are noted 
for making pretty things, such as embroid- 
ery, etc. We were told that the girls are 
required to make their own graduating 
dresses when they finish their courses. I 
was wondering how many of our American 
girls could do as well. There are thirty 
government schools in Yokohama. 

Our next stop was at Kobe, Japan. We 
arrived there on Sunday morning, just in 
time to attend religious services at an Eng- 
lish Union church. We enjoyed these 
services very much. They did us a great 
deal of good. 

Our boat left Kobe the following morn- 
ing for Tientsin, China. We were on the 
water just seven days this time, and were 
scarcely out of sight of land at any time. 
This was the most beautiful part of our voy- 
age. As we passed through the mountain 
peaks on both sides of us, the scenery was 
grand and the sunsets the most beautiful we 
were ever permitted to witness. We stopped 
at several towns along the way and went 
ashore for a short while. This made the 
latter part of our journey seem shorter. 

On Sunday evening, Oct. 14, we landed 
safely on China's soil. Bro. Oberholtzer 
met us. We were glad to see him. He 
accompanied us to our new home in Pe- 
king. We assure you that after a long voy- 
age we are all very happy to be here, and 
feel very thankful to our Heavenly Father 
for giving us such a pleasant voyage and 
bringing us safely to our destination. We 
are now engaged in the language study, 
and earnestly crave an interest in your 
prayers in our behalf in this work. 

Peking, China, Oct. 25. 



Emma Horning 

OCTOBER 14 our ten new mission- 
aries and Bro. Crumpackers arrived 
in Tientsin. You can imagine how 
thankful we were for their safe arrival after 
the long delay. Bro. Oberholtzer went to 
the coast to meet them. He took the new 
people to Peking at once and helped them 
get settled in their nice rented home. They 
are all keeping house together and attend- 
ing the language school, which is not far 
away. Since they were late they could not 
start with the beginning class; however, the 
school very kindly began a new class for 
them and now they are hard at work. 

Bro. Crumpackers came to the station at 
once and had a five-mile welcome. The 
railroad station is five miles from the city 
of Ping Ting. All along this road they met 
group after group from the city and sur- 
rounding districts who had come out to 
welcome them. They- were given a feast of 
welcome at which forty-four were present. 
Later a large number of people gathered 
at the church to express their joy at the re- 
turn of their beloved workers. 


Our annual mission meeting was held at 
Liao Chou this year, Oct. 20-24. The field 
committee met a day early. Each day was 
begun at seven o'clock with the morning 
watch, which gave us united strength for 
the heavy business to follow. We were 
given several able addresses on these sub- 


The Missionary Visitor 


jects: "Our Relation to Each Other on the 
Field," "How Best to Occupy Our Field," 
" Best Methods of Following Hospital Pa- 
tients," and "Victory in Christ." The rest 
of the days and evenings were filled to the 
full with business meetings and committee 
work. Much business was done and many 
important subjects were discussed. The 
developments of the year are very encour- 
aging. The unity with which everything 
was done shows that the Lord is with us 
blessing our labors. 


Because of the delicate health of Sister 
Bright and Calvin their family have been 
granted their furlough, to begin this fall 
instead of next spring. They plan to sail 
from Shanghai on Nov. 26, if passage can 
be secured on the boat sailing on this date. 

Mrs. Chao and Mrs. Chin have been sent 
to the Bible School at Taiku for further 
preparation. We are very glad when our 
women are advanced enough to read the 
Bible, as then they can prepare to help their 
needy sisters. We also have two fine boys 
in the academy at Taiku, preparing for 


Our district is still struggling with the 
opium habit. This drug is very expensive 
now; however, many still use it secretly. 
At one of our out-stations, Yii Hsien, sixty 
men have been in our opium refuge and 
broken off this awful habit since early sum- 
mer. The out-station at He Hsiin has been 
doing much the same. These men receive 
constant gospel teaching during the month 
or more that they are in the refuges, so 
we hope these efforts will be the means of 
much good. 


At Ping Ting there are eighty boys in 
the boys' school and twenty-three girls in 
the girls' school. They give much life and 
happiness to the mission compound. 


After the very wet summer we are glad 
to say that this month had little rain and 
much sunshine, enabling the farmers to 
gather in their harvest. As we came from 
the Liao Chou meeting, however, we got 
the full benefit of one day's rain. It rained 
on us from seven o'clock till one, while 

we were riding over the highest mountain 
range. We were well soaked when we got to 
the inn, but hot fires finally made us quite 
comfortable. Today, Nov. 7, we have had 
our first snow. Many people will suffer 
because of the floods this year. Hundreds 
of children are being sold because their 
parents do not have food enough for them. 
In the mountains here we are greatly 
blessed, for we have plenty to eat. 


Rebecca C. Wampler 

THE governor of Shansi has recently 
issued a proclamation, ordering that 
there be no more foot-binding of 
the little girls, and that all girls under fif- 
teen, who already had their feet bound, 
should unbind them. For the women above 
this age the style of shoe is to be changed 
so that it will amount to a partial unbind- 
ing of the feet. The official of Ping Ting 
has organized an Anti-Foot Binding Society 
here and things are getting under headway. 
We very much hope he will continue to 
press the matter and see that the people 
really obey the order of the governor. 
Many of the diseases of the Chinese wom- 
en are directly traceable to foot binding. 


Permission from the proper authorities 
for the change in furlough plans for the 
Bright family came too late to obtain pas- 
sage before the winter weather, so, by the 
recommendation of the physicians, it was 
thought best that they remain in China this 
winter. Calvin Bright, whose system was 
much weakened during the summer by dys- 
entery, is in very good health now, and 
we trust both he and his mother may be 
kept in health during the winter. 

A two weeks' station class for women 
was held at Ping Ting during the month, 
with an average daily attendance of ten. 
The women were learning to read and each 
session was closed with a devotional period. 
The last day of the class, other women were 
invited in and two able speeches by Chinese 
Christians were made on the benefits of 
women learning to read. The women ex- 
pressed a great deal of enthusiasm and at 
times interrupted the speakers with cries of 
" That's so," " That's right." Twenty-sev- 


The Missionary Visitor 


en native women were present at this clos- 
ing meeting, besides schoolgirls and chil- 


Bro. Flory recently spent several days at 
Ho Shun, an out-station about thirty miles 
north of Liao Chou. During the summer 
and autumn thirty men have broken off 
opium at this place. Visiting the stations 
occasionally keeps the workers in touch 
with the work and encourages the Chinese 
helpers. Pray for these Chinese helpers, 
that they may have great faith in God and 
much zeal to tell the Gospel to their coun- 

About the middle of the month Sister 
Horning went to Yu Hsien, thirty miles 
north of Ping Ting, to conduct an opium 
refuge for women for one month. At the 
present writing there are ten patients try- 
ing to get rid of the opium habit. In the 
men's opium refuge in the same city sixty- 
five men have entered since June of this 
summer. This is our newest out-station, hav- 
ing been opened the early part of this year, 
and the work seems to be starting up very 
nicely from all sides. 

" In this month of special thanksgiving," 
writes Bro. Flory, of Liao, "we again thank 
God for our little school, which, under the 
management of Sister Shock, is doing great 
things for our children, for which we are 


Nov. 13 Henry King Oberholtzer came 
to gladden the hearts of his parents and 
help to brighten the lives of the rest of us 
here. May he grow to be a strong man 
for God. 

At the regular devotional meeting of the 
women at Ping Ting, on Thursday, Thanks- 
giving Day, scriptures on Thanksgiving sub- 
jects had been assigned to our native sis- 
ters. These topics were very well dis- 
cussed, considering that it was the first 
time they had conducted a meeting by them- 


Sister Senger reports a very interesting 
trip to a couple of the out-stations from 

Liao. She was asked to visit the home of 
a Christian about a day's journey from one 
of the stations, and on reaching the place 
she found an old man who was staunch in 
his faith and belief in God and Jesus Christ. 
He has been subjected to much persecution 
because of this faith, but he is triumphant 
in it and is not willing to let anything take 
it away. He has some wealth, but his 
faith in Christ means more to him than his 
wealth. How refreshing and encouraging 
it is to meet faithful ones like this! May 
the Lord bless him and keep him true to 
God and help him to be a blessing to those 
about him. 

The Ping Ting Girls' School reached an 
enrollment of thirty-one during this month. 
The new girls are older and more mature 
than has usually been the case with girls 
entering the school, and consequently they 
are doing very good work in their studies. 
There are prospects for more girls to enter 
the school after the Chinese New Year. 

Bro. Crumpacker visited all the out-sta- 
tions from Ping Ting during the month and 
reports interest in the work at each place. 
It is good to have him with us again to take 
up the evangelistic work among the men. 
This side of the work very much needs de- 

Sister Wampler as Milkmaid in China 


The Missionary Visitor 


Going: to Pundharpur, India 

Personal Observations 

I. S. L. 

GOING to a village one day I saw a 
crowd of people near a small tem- 
ple, some eating, and some making 
offerings; hence, I got off my horse to see. 
The goddess is a mere stone, less than a foot 
high. She was all covered with red pow- 
der, several small garlands of flowers, and 
had oil poured over her as usual. Before 
her were pieces of cocoanut, and some 
blood had been spilt, for several goats and 
chickens had been sacrificed in her honor. 
At such times the animal is merely killed 
before the goddess and the blood runs 
away, while the worshipers usually sit near 
by and cook and eat the victim. 

Why make the offering? With our back- 
ward classes at Vyara it is about as fol- 
lows: In the case of the sickness of some 
one in the family, the father makes a vow 
that in case of recovery he will sacrifice a 
goat or chicken or cocoanut to the goddess, 
and what I saw, quoted above, is the mere 
fulfillment of the vow. Such a vow may be 
made, also, in case of the goddess' grant- 
ing a good crop, etc. Besides, these back- 
ward classes never worship, it may be said, 
out of love for any god or goddess. Rath- 
er, they sacrifice to demons, merely to win 
their favor. 

Hanuman, the Monkey God 

The writer had his tent, for several 
months, less than a hundred yards distant 
from Hanuman's temple. The image, about 
three feet high, made of stone, having the 
shape of an upright monkey, was plainly vis- 
ible at a distance, because of the red pigment 
over his body. How often did I see Hin- 
dus, high and low of caste, get out of their 

carts and bow before that greasy red 

How do they do it? First, the bell above 
and slightly in front of the image is rung 
(perhaps to awaken his majesty), then the 
worshiper, putting both hands together, po- 
litely bows before the 'god, now on the 
right side of the god and now on the left, 
being inside the temple. Then he with- 
draws, going outside, where he turns around 
and bows down prostrate on the floor be- 
fore the image. On rising, he bows his 
head to the idol, with hands upraised be- 
fore him, and walks around the temple a 
few times, each time bowing to the image 
as he passes before the open door. 

All to what purpose? We cannot really 
know what effect this has on the worship- 
er. The temple-keeper gets what money, 
cocoanut, etc., may be offered to the god. 
The missionary tries again and again, ap- 
parently in vain, to show them not only 
that they have worshiped to no effect, but 
also have dishonored the only true God. 

Another View 

We had preached in the village often, and 
at the time of showing the magic lantern 
had from five to seven hundred present for 
several nights in succession. One morning 
I walked out alone and came to the tem- 
ple, where, fortunately, no one except the 
temple-keeper was present. 

The image was tall, once, perhaps. At 
present, however, only his head is above 
ground. The head in size is about that of 
a human. The god seems a poor, lean one, 
and has large, staring eyes, such as almost 
to frighten one. In time past, as usual, he 


The Missionary Visitor 


has been covered over with red powder, and 
as often, oil and running butter have been 
poured over him in sacrifice, making a hid- 
eous figure as a result. We wonder how 
any one can be persuaded to worship any- 
thing so ugly. 

I turned to the priest and said, "Brother, 
tell me the truth. Do you really believe 
in this god?" He replied, after looking 
about to know whether he was seen or 
heard, " No." " Do you know that any one 
was ever benefited by worshiping or sac- 
rificing to this god?" He said, "No, no 
one really, I am sure." I said, "Well, then, 
why do you worship and cause others to 
worship this lifeless stone god?" To this, 
without saying a word, he merely patted 
himself on his bare stomach. He wore only 
a loin cloth, his body being bare. 

My heart wept as we talked, and he told 
me he knows better than he does, and 
frankly agreed to become a Christian if I 
would see to his livelihood. This is one of 
several such experiences the writer has had. 

Mother of Us All 

We were tenting. Being tired from hav- 
ing so many people come, the writer went 
off with his New Testament and sat down 
under a banyan tree to read and rest, not 
being aware of the small temple near by 
under the same tree. Presently a woman 
with her little three-year-old girl, came, 

bringing some oil in a small cup, and a co- 

The goddess was a mere round stone, the 
size of one's two fists, such as might have 
been taken out of a dry river bed. It was 
reddish on top, because of red powder. 

The woman bowed low, poured the oil on 
the stone, and said, " Make and keep me 
happy." Then she broke the cocoanut, gave 
her little girl and me each a piece, and put- 
ting a piece before the image again prayed 
as above. She then told the little girl to 
pray. The little thing replied, saying, " I 
don't want to." On being ordered again to 
bow down and pray, she said, half crying, 
" I don't want to." The mother in anger 
said, " I'll see whether you will or not"; so, 
taking the little girl by the nape of the neck, 
she pushed her down before the image, and 
said, " Spread out your hands before the 
god and say salaam." The little girl did, 
of course. The mother then took the re- 
maining cocoanut and the little girl and 
went home. I sat to pray and meditate and 
wonder, "How long?" 

" ' I count no time,' the Shepherd gently 
'As thou dost count and bind 
The days in weeks, the weeks in months; 
my counting 
Is just — until I find.' " 

Raising: Windmill, Vyara, India 


The Missionary Visitor 



Kathryn Ziegler 

A FEW weeks ago three women came 
in to Ankleshvar from a village 
about eleven miles out. They walked 
most of the way. The third one was not 
yet a Christian. Her husband is and she 
had a desire to be, but not quite the cour- 
age to leave her own people. When asked 
she always said she would come. And this 
time she did come for that purpose. When 
we expressed our joy, one of the sisters 
who had come with her said, " Yes, Miss 
Sahib, if it had not been for this we would 
not have come now, wading through mud 
and water all this distance; but we wanted 
to be present when another one of our vil- 
lage is going to join God's people, so we 
can all rejoice together." 

This was late in the afternoon, so it was 
decided to have baptism the next morning. 
This mother still wore her heavy brass 
ankle rings, which are a sign of Bhilism. 
One of our teachers took them off for her. 
To make the joy still greater the oldest 
daughter here at school, who previously had 
requested baptism, when asked if she were 
still of the same mind, assented. The next 
morning, right after prayers, we went to 
the place prepared for baptism and mother 
and daughter, also a boy of one .of the 
mothers, were baptized by our native 
preacher, Ghovindbhai. What a beautiful 
and impressive scene it was!" How we do 
praise the Lord for this mother and daugh- 
ter! Now in one family father, mother, 
son and daughter are in the church. 

In this same village another family is 
Christian; in another family the mother still 
is, but the father is not, but we hope he 
will return. A number of men in this vil- 
lage had been Christians, but they were led 
astray. It makes us feel sad, but we are 
glad for these who have remained faithful. 
They need your prayers, that they may re- 
main firm and be able through their lives 
to bring the others back to the fold. 

This new sister, with her husband and 
the other sisters, started home next day 
afoot, a distance of about twelve miles, 
going by a longer road. 

The Lord bless them and use them to 
win others for Him, is our prayer. 



Erne V. Long 

IT was several years ago, in a fisher vil- 
lage, where a pilgrimage is held yearly. 
A shoemaker at the time of the pilgrim- 
age, contrary to custom went into the mon- 
key god temple, and pouring oil on the god, 
and garlanding him with flowers, worshiped 
as did the fishers. A shoemaker usually dare 
not enter a fisher village temple, hence the 
people said the god fell down on his face 
and turned black. 

The village leaders went to another vil- 
lage and called their guru (religious teach- 
er), who came and told them that the god 
was angry with them, and had gone out 
of the image. To recall the god he recom- 
mended the rededication of the image. To 
this end the guru ordered the village people 
to fast for the day, leaving their houses and 
going to the temple, or near by. A large 
door was made for the guru to sit in, while 
large and small passed before him, present- 
ing him with money, bowing to him as they 
passed. The god was raised and painted 
red and declared to be appeased and ready 
for devotion. The guru on that trip is said 
to have taken out of that town $225. He 
was a fat, sleek fellow, richly fed, whom the 
people usually carried in honor. They even 
thought it an honor to wash his feet and 
drink the water afterwards. 

Bro. and Sister Ira Arnold with Their 
Babies at Umalla, India 


The Missionary Visitor 



The two incidents following were found in the same morning of missionary- 
report reading 

" An African woman, of whom Dr. John- 
son, of Metet, speaks, was suspected of hav- 
ing caused the death of her husband by- 
witchcraft. The seer, or witch doctor, of 
the village demanded that she should be 
subjected to a decisive test. A fishhook was 
securely fastened to a strong string and 
given to the woman to swallow. If she 
were innocent there would be no difficulty 
in pulling the hook up again; if guilty, it 
would hold fast. 

"What could she do? It was up to her 
to be game and swallow the hook, which 
she did. The thrifty witch doctor took oc- 
casion to say he wanted his pay before he 
would attempt to pull out the hook. As 
her son had no money with him he went 
back to his own village to try to get it and 
did not return until the following morning. 

" It goes without saying that the hook 
refused to respond to the man's efforts to 
pull it up and likewise to his attempts to 
loosen it by inserting a long heavy brass 
wire and revolving it about somewhere 
down inside. The poor, suffering woman 
died and the son, after some days, got up 
the courage to come and tell me about it. 
The matter was reported to the governor, 
and the witch doctor was imprisoned and 
died there." 

The other is from the American Board 
Hospital at Foochow, China: 

"A patient came in, using two of his 
associates as crutches and in a series of 
motions, the most important of which for 
the doctor's benefit was a finger pointed 
down his throat, he gave us all to under- 
stand that there was something down inside 
that didn't belong there. With so much 
information to guide, Dr. Wolfe secured a 
long, curved forceps and slowly let it make 
its way down ' red lane ' until it struck 
something hard. With considerable skill 
the doctor opened the forceps, closed them 
over this hard substance, and the result was 
a set of false teeth. When our friend saw 
what the doctor had done for him he leaped 
from the chair and taking his purse from 
his belt fairly stuffed the contents into Dr. 
Wolfe's hand. On questioning the two 
friends who accompanied the patient we 
learned that it was during the hours of 
sleep that the thing happened. For six 
days there was no speech and only liquid 
diet. This case is entered in the general 
summary for the year under accidents and 
injuries. It is one of the six hundred and 
five recorded under this heading." — Record 
of Christian Work. 

The Sower Envelope System 

How to Get It Started 

I. It will be best not to attempt to intro- 
duce this plan too hastily, but rather, let 
the minds and hearts of the membership be 
gradually and thoroughly prepared for what 
is intended to be a real forward movement 
of the work of the congregation. In this 
work of preparation judicious sermons on 
the opportunities in giving, together with 
the circulation of missionary tracts and a 
leaflet on the Sower Envelope System, 
ought to be a great help. The real purpose 
of the Sower Plan is to make it possible 
for the church to cooperate on a forward- 
looking program. One of the first steps in 
such an undertaking is, of course, the or- 

ganization of the financial department of 
church work. 

When the publicity campaign in behalf of 
a better financial organization has aroused 
a keen interest, it will be about the proper 
time to call a members' meeting for the 
purpose of considering ways and means to 
accomplish the desired end. Care should 
be taken to maintain the proper spirit 
throughout the whole program in order that 
some such questions as the following may 
be helpfully considered: 

1. What has the church been doing for 

missions and for the improvement of 

work at home? 


The Missionary Visitor 


2. What ought to be the goal of the 
congregation in these fields of activity? 

3. What definite quotas should be set 
for the new year? 

4. How may these goals be reached? 
When these questions, or similar ones, 

have been considered in the proper spirit 
a strong committee of the most capable 
members in the congregation should be ap- 
pointed to canvass the membership. 

II. In preparation for the every-member 
canvass the committee just appointed 
should meet directly for organization and 
apportionment of the canvass. It is usually 
best if the canvassers go about their work 
two and two. Each pair should receive a 
list of the names of the members that they 
are best suited to call upon. Those under- 
taking the canvass should be thoroughly in- 
formed on the Sower Envelope System if 
this is the system to be adopted. Every 
member should be reached and urged to fill 
out a pledge card. In conducting the can- 
vass it is most businesslike to set a time 
limit, as ten days; or if a rapid canvass is 
desired it is possible to do the work in one 
day of intensive work. Experience tends 
to -show that better results are obtained if 
the canvass for missions is conducted by 
itself, and not together with the securing 
of pledges for regular church expenses. 
This is true because, if the missionary spir- 
it is properly developed, current expenses 
will soon tend to take care of themselves. 
In all of this work tact and good will 
should be cultivated, for the aim of the 
work is to assist the congregation toward 
a new and more vital cooperation in all 
church work. After the canvass comes the 
report, and after this a steady educational 
campaign that will keep the aims and plans 

for the new year ever before the whole 

III. If the Sower Envelope System is 
adopted the supplies needed will be about 
as follows: 

1. A Sower Envelope Set for each mem- 
ber signing a pledge card. Those churches 
still desiring to use the single budget sys- 
tem, will, of course, need the Single Pocket 
Envelopes; Others will want the Sower 
Duplex (double pocket) Envelopes. In 
either case the prices are: 

White envelopes, per set, complete, 10 cents 
Manila envelopes, per set, complete, 9 cents 
Transportation extra from Southwestern 

With each set of envelopes come an ex- 
planatory leaflet and an Initial Offering 
Envelope. This last bears a printed request 
to each member to contribute a small extra 
offering on the first Sunday of the year to 
defray the expense of installing the enve- 
lope system. 

2. The Pledge Cards needed for either 
the Duplex or the Single Budget System 
may be obtained at 40 cents per 100. 

3. Stock Envelopes for pew use in con- 
nection with either system may be obtained 
for 90 cents per 500; $1.50 per 1,000 prepaid. 

4. A Treasurer's Record, called the Sower 
Financial Record, is provided in the fol- 
lowing sizes: 

No. 1, for 200 names, $1.50 postpaid. 

No. 2, for 300 names, 1.75 postpaid. 

No. 3, for 500 names, 2.25 postpaid. 

Note: If any change in the regular print- 
ing on the envelopes is desired they must 
come under the head of print-to-order en- 
velopes. This involves a charge of $2 for 
a special plate, but since the plate is re- 
tained all subsequent orders are run at the 
regular price. 






Surface wells and hand pumps are neither dependable nor adequate. The living well of steward- 
ship alone supplies a constant and sufficient flow. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Christmas in the Home 

Viola Speicher 

THE doors were closed. The flames 
played lazily around the smoldering 
embers in the quaint New England 
fireplace. Nothing broke the stillness ex- 
cept the crackling of the fire. Slowly the 
shadows crept through the windows, telling 
of the dying day. 

The lamps had not been lighted, but the 
flickering grate fire revealed the forms of 
the two occupants of the room as they sat 
in their accustomed places. Time was when 
each day ended with a feeling of remorse 
for things undone, and when each morning 
was greeted with great possibilities. Vis- 
ions had vanished; dreams were theirs. 
They lived not in the realities of youth, but 
in the forget-me-nots of age. Once they 
saw; now they dream. 

On this evening there was nothing un- 
usual. They sat to muse on things of earth, 
but not earthly. Their hopes and dreams 
went out to meet those gone before. Years 
had not changed this except to vitalize and 
intensify their hopes. And yet the atmos- 
phere appeared holier, their joys keener, 
their dreams longer. The spirit which 
seemed to fill the little room was different 
from that of other evenings, and why should 
not it be? — for it was Christmas Eve. And 
the spirit of St. Nicholas had not failed to 
enter this home. 

As the shadows deepened the old people 
roused themselves from their reverie. They 
lighted their tallow lamp, and began to deck 
the room with holly and evergreen. Why 
should they not prepare to celebrate the 
greatest day of the year, to which they had 
long looked forward with joy? Presently 
the room wore a beautiful lining of decor- 
ations, which seemed to beam upon them 
with Christmas cheer. As they finished 
their eyes met each other, and they smiled 
as they remembered how often they had 
done the same thing, only with the help of 
their dear little ones, who chatted and 
murmured accents of delight as a new dec- 
oration was finished or some beautiful thing 
was fastened to the tree which they had 
cut in the woods the day before. 

But alas! Those little ones are in this 
home no more, but have gone out into the 

hard, cruel world to make useful men and 
women of themselves. They have left 
their father and mother's watchful care, 
with mother's prayer, to make their way in 
the world of fame. But they were coming 
home! No wonder the parents looked for- 
ward to the morrow with great delight. Yet 
how sad it would be, for there would be one 
missing; one who had gone before to that 
beautiful land across the sea, whom they 
could not call back this eventful Christmas. 
The dear old faces became clouded as they 
thought of their boy, only to brighten when 
they remembered that they soon would be 
with him again, never to part. 

Slowly they ascended the stairs when 
they had finished their work. They lay 
down to sleep, with God and His angels 
watching over them, and in their beautiful 
dreams came visions of the morrow. They 
slept the peaceful sleep that was a blessing 
from God to rest and strengthen their 

Christmas dawned clear and beautiful. 
The sun rose bright and full and its rays 
fell on the white snow, making it glisten 
like crystal. The morning was cold, and 
the frost on the trees made them look like 
real Christmas trees. It was a morning 
about which poets like to write, and artists 
love to paint. The stillness was broken by 
church bells pealing forth their joyous 

The old people greeted the morning as 
they welcomed their children when they 
came, one by one. Then there were their 
grandchildren, whom they held on their 
knees and of whom they were very proud. 

The last one of all to arrive was their 
baby boy, now a young man still in his col- 
tege teens preparing himself to battle 
against the evil currents of life. The par- 
ents were overjoyed, and mother's tears fell 
silently as she held her boy in her arms and 
imprinted a kiss on his cheeks. He was the 
pride of the family. 

What a happy, merry circle they made as 
they sat around the hearth enjoying the as- 
sociations that are inseparable from Christ- 
mas! It was indeed a real Christmas, and 
only real Christmases come to those who 


The Missionary Visitor 


have not gone along life's pathway com- 
plaining but looking around them for some 
place to sow the seeds of happiness; to 
those who have forgotten what they have 
done for others and only remember what 
others have done for them; to those who 
are not always asking whether others love 
them enough, but are trying to think whether 
they love others enough; and to those who 
trim their lamp so that it makes less smoke 
and more light and carry it in front of 
them, so that the shadow falls behind, thus 
traveling through the world of darkness 
shedding the light of joy and happiness 
upon many poor weary souls. 

One of the characteristics of this home 
this Christmas Day was its sweet religious 
atmosphere. Over all was the air of thank- 
fulness. They were thankful that there was 
a Christmas; that Christ had lived on earth 
and had died that we might be saved. No 
greater Gift did God ever give the world. 
They were thankful for their many bless- 
ings. They had forgotten their worries, 
their trials and temptations, remembering 
only their blessings. If every family on 

Christmas Day would consider the things 
they have to be thankful for they would 
be astonished at the number, for there 
would be more than they could count. No 
man has yet numbered the blessings, the 
mercies and the joys of God. They are 
many, many times richer than can be im- 
agined, and there would be fewer sad hearts 
if on Christmas Day this blessing were re- 
membered. If all would make a grave for 
their ugly thoughts and a garden for their 
kindly feelings, with the gate wide open, 
every one would be the happier, for true 
happiness is obtained only by making others 

Again, this home was happy because they 
had remembered the poor children, and this 
had gladdened those young hearts. If only 
every one would make gifts to the needy 
instead of to the well-to-do the world would 
be happier. 

How many families like this one are re- 
united at Christmas time, and how many rec- 
ollections and dormant sympathies are 
awakened and used to make others happy! 

Rockwood, Pa. 

The Report of a Mission Study Class 

Sannie F. Shelly 

THE supreme need of all mankind, 
whether realized or not, is Christ; 
and the supreme work of the Chris- 
tian is to bear testimony of the " gospel of 
Christ, which is the power of God unto 
salvation to every one that believeth." 

But these propositions are not believed 
by all, nor will they be; yet the church 
should heed the command, " Go ye into all 
the world and preach the gospel to every 
creature," for " the Lord is not willing that 
any should perish." But lack of knowledge, 
indifference and selfishness — all combine 
to hinder the work of evangelization. 

To overcome these hindrances is the work 
of the church. The Mission Study Course 
helps in a large measure to create mission- 
ary sentiment and disseminate knowledge. 
The book studied — " Christian Heroism in 
Heathen Lands " — is interesting and en- 

The Seal Course gives an opportunity for 
a still larger vision, and enables one to 
look into different lands and see the need 

of the Gospel and its effect, after it is re- 

In the Fairview church, near Williams- 
burg, Pa., two classes have completed the 
Certificate Course, and also the Seal Course, 
under the faithful leadership of Sister Ryn- 
tha Shelly, missionary superintendent of 
the Sunday-school. 

After the teaching of the lesson, at each 
session, a time was devoted to prayer, for 
the missionaries and their work. As a re- 
sult of these classes there is manifest a 
stronger missionary sentiment, which we 
believe is the beginning of greater activity 
for this cause. 

The present class held their graduating 
exercises Dec. 16, 1917; different members 
of the class taking part in the exercises. 
The presence of one of our India mission- 
aries, Sister Ida C. Shumaker, added in- 
terest to the occasion. In her enthusiastic 
and interesting way she addresssed the 
class, which was composed of seven mem- 
bers. The presence of a child among the 


The Missionary Visitor 


graduates, whose parents, grandfather and 
aunt were members of the class, led Sister 
Shumaker to hope that the spirit of mis- 
sions might so prevail that even this child 
might be dedicated to the Lord for His 
service. The need of more interest and 
prayers and laborers in the cause of mis- 
sions led Sister Shumaker to rejoice in the 
fact that those in the homeland were will- 
ing to pursue a course of study, which 
would increase their knowledge and respon- 
sibility, for she realizes that the church 
must feel the burden of souls more keenly, 

that they may pray, give and go as they 
ought. " The church must be on fire for 
souls," as she expressed it. 

The work in India is dear to her heart. 
She portrayed the need of the natives, hope- 
less, helpless and superstitious, without 
the Gospel; and then having received it, as 
new creatures in Christ Jesus, they are, in 
simple faith, serving their Savior with a 
sacrifice, self-denial and devotion, which is 
truly marvelous, and not matched by Amer- 
ican Christians, with their manifold oppor- 
(Continued on Page 80) 

The Volunteer Class, Waterloo City Church of the Brethren, Waterloo, Iowa 

In the photo, Back Row, Left to Right: Amos Sweitzer; U. S. Blough; Sister U. S. Blough ; 
J. O. Miller; Sister J. O. Miller; Sister Lizzie Witter; John Fike ; W. D. Tisdale; Sister J. S. 
Hushberger; J. S. Hushberger; Sister N. B. Hursh ; Sister Johanna Baldnecker; Sister Cora 
Lininger; Geo. Lininger; Mrs. Will Gnagy. 

Front Row: Sister Amos Sweitzer; A. P. Blough; Margaret Blough; Sister A. P. Blough; 
Sister John Fike; Sister Mary E. Tisdale; Sister J. S. Zimmerman; Sister Geo. Potter; Geo. Pot- 
ter; Will Gnagy. 

This class was organized January 31, 1911, being Class No. 2 of the Waterloo Sunday-school. 

Shortly after its organization a change was made in the class and now it comprises members 
from four classes. The class motto has always been " Here am I, send me." The class was 
organized for the purpose of special mission study and work. Regular meetings are held every 
two weeks, and our evening programs varied. Sometimes a study of a book or part of a book. 
Some Bible character. A review of mission or temperance work and its progress. Sometimes 
a live public question is taken and discussed as best we may, varying our programs so as to 
avoid monotony which might otherwise arise. The class has been supporting a native India 
worker for the past three years, one now being supported. 

At our last meeting, Nov. 16, our evening subject was: "What Does the Golden Rule Mean 
to Me?" Our topics are preceded by 10 or 15 minutes of short sketches of mission work as 
gleaned here and there. During this period the question of the war !". M. C. A. work was brought 
up and seemed to be so interesting that our regular program was abandoned and the evening 
given up to a discussion of this question and closed with an offering from the class of one hundred 
and ten dollars for the work. 

We should be able at our next meeting to discuss the question, " What Does the Golden Rule 
Mean to Me?" from the correct angle. 

Our class now numbers about 30 members. 


The Missionary Visitor 




"A Korean woman walked two hundred 
and fifty miles, carrying her baby on her 
back, to hear about Jesus Christ. Far back 
in the distant valley where she lived the 
people had heard of Jesus. They had heard 
that He was in their country; that was all. 
The people were very poor and they were 
all toiling for their daily bread. But they 
selected this woman, and each one of her 
neighbors put two handfuls of rice into a 
sack and said, ' Go, this will feed you on 
the journey.' So the woman took the baby 
on her back and the bag of rice and trudged 
along until she found the missionary people 
who had Jesus with them. She found the 
Savior for herself, and carried the message 
back to her country and her people. "—Sel. 

er asking for a receipt of any kind, and he 
didn't even know just how much it was. 
Imagine him treating a Chinaman with trust 
and confidence like that. — Mrs. C. W. Bat- 

George Miiller's orphanages in Bristol, 
England, have sheltered during the past 
year 1,509 orphans. For the support of 
these little ones nearly $160,000 has been 
provided. " Never during this period," says 
the seventy-eighth report, " have we been 
so low in funds as to be only one meal from 
the bottom of the barrel, but we came with- 
in a few days of it at one time. The total 
income since the beginning of the work has 
been over ten million dollars, received ' in 
answer to believing prayer alone.' "—Sel. 

When Wilbur Wright, the famous aviator, 
was at the height of his first foreign suc- 
cess:, being acclaimed everywhere " The em- 
peror "of the air," the king of Spain went 
to see his machine and sent an orderly 
to Wright with the message, " His majesty 
would like to see you fly." " I am very sor- 
ry," replied Wright, " but we never fly on 
Sunday."— Exchange. 

Two years ago, when Szechwan was so 
overrun with robbers, the people, rich and 
poor, fled to the missionary. It was posi- 
tively pathetic to see rich men with their 
valuables running to the foreigner for pro- 
tection. On our compounds in Junghsien 
there must have been nearly two hundred 
Chinese hiding. As soon as the robbers 
entered the city the official fled to Dr. Cox's 
Hospital, and there he stayed. The robbers 
came there to talk and see if they could 
come to terms, but did him no harm. Some 
time before, he had brought his personal 
money and left it in Dr. Cox's keeping, nev- 

Ih one of "Sophie the Washerwoman's" 
stories there is the following: I said, "So- 
phie, you have grown stout since I saw you 
last." " Oh, yes," said she. "Why shouldn't 
I? Jesus' religion vas no lean religion. I 
haf love for breakfast, joy for dinner, und 
peace for supper. Last year I spend not 
a penny for meat, und at the end of the 
year I had on my back thirty pounds more 
already, und a missionary in Africa on what 
I saved." — Selected. 


Frederick the Great was at his Cleves 
palace with Voltaire, the noted French phi- 
losopher, as his guest. At the dinner table 
the philosopher began to mock at God and 
good people, and said, " I will sell my seat 
in heaven for a Prussian thaler." Among 
the many guests present was a councilor, 
who was a very modest, devout Christian. 
He was very much shocked at Voltaire's 


The Missionary Visitor 


words, and he at once arose and plainly 
spoke his mind. 

" My dear sir," he said, " you are in Prus- 
sia, where 'we have a law, according to 
which any one who wishes to sell anything 
must prove his ownership. Will you be 
kind enough, therefore, to prove that you 
have a seat in heaven and I will take it at 
any price." Those words had a wonderful 
effect upon all present. Voltaire did not 
prove his ownership, but he had nothing 
more to say. His lips were sealed. — Ex- 

(g g & 


1. The remarkable loyalty of the Indian 
people to Great Britain. 

2. The passing of the old spirit of sub- 

3. The progress of the social reform 
movement, evinced by the increased em- 
phasis on the education of women, abolition 
of caste, uplift of the depressed classes, and 
the postponement of marriage to a more 
mature age. 

4. Religious unrest, evidenced by the 
number of new religious movements within 
Hinduism, and the remarkable mass move- 
ments toward the Christian Church. 

5. The unprecedented increase in educa- 
tion during the last ten years. — Missionary 

" Have you grace enough to be burned at 
the stake?" was the question once asked of 
Mr. Moody, who answered in the negative. 
"Do you not wish that you had?" "No, 
sir, for I do not need it. What I need just 
now is grace to live in Milwaukee three 
days and hold a convention." 




His forefathers back through the cen- 
turies had been carrion eaters. They were 

also scavengers, the drudges of the village. 
They belonged to the great "Untouchables." 
In some places people of that caste would 
crouch as they passed the village well in 
the morning or evening that their polluting 
shadows might not fall on those drawing 
water. In some towns in former days they 
were compelled to wear an earthen vessel 
hung about the neck in which to spit . . . 
that the streets might not be denied, and for 
the same reason they* had to drag after them 
branches of trees that their footprints might 
not remain. Great is ancestry! 

He in some way came into touch with the 
sahibs, began to work for them, later began 
to work for a missionary, learned of Christ, 
became an inquirer, and a day was fixed for 
his baptism. To that service came a crowd 
of his coreligionists and caste fellows, armed 
with clubs to put a stop to such proceed- 
ings. Why should any man be foolish 
enough to want to leave the life and religion 
and outlook of the "Untouchable"? Why, 
indeed! That service promised to be "in- 
teresting." The missionary baptized him, 
despite threats and curses, and he endured 
for a time such persecutions as only the 
heathen know how to originate and carry 

Then his family and relatives began to 
come, his wife and some of the children. 
Others became attracted by the fine spirit 
and changed life, and were drawn into the 
kingdom, and they keep on coming. A 
daughter and her husband who had held 
back for several years were baptized a few 
months ago. The upward climb continued. 
Brahmins would have us believe that learn- 
ing is beyond the ability of the " Untouch- 
able." His granddaughter was one of the 
only two women who last April sat for the 
matriculation examination of the university 
in this large centre with two colleges and 
several high schools. Both these women 
were Christians; no non-Christian women 
were in evidence. Other grandchildren are 
in the schools, boys and girls. 

Best of all is to see and hear the old man, 
now getting quite feeble, as he conducts the 
class meetings on Sunday afternoon. All 
this comes in the first generation of the 
climb up from the depths. The first step 
has been a long one; what may not the 
second generation become! — F. R. Felt, in 
The Substitute. 


RRirVSFlA/ ft Trc> i/ir^s-*..... 


The Missionary Visitor 




' Twas a dangerous cliff, as they freely con- 
Though to walk near its crest was so pleas- 
But over its terrible edge there had slipped 

A duke and full many a peasant; 
So the people said something would have 
to be done, 
But their projects did not at all tally. 
Some said " Put a fence around the edge of 
the cliff"; 
Some, " An ambulance down in the val- 

But the cry for the ambulance carried the 
For it spread through the neighboring 
A fence would be useful or not, it is true, 

But each heart became brimful of pity 
For those who slipped over the dangerous 
And the dwellers in highway and alley 
Gave pounds and gave pence not to put up 
a fence, 
But an ambulance down in the valley. 

Then an old sage remarked, " It's a marvel 
to me 
That some people give far more attention 
To repairing results than to stopping the 
When they'd much better aim at preven- 
Let us stop at its source all this mischief," 

cried he, 
" Come, neighbors and friends, let us rally; 
[f the cliff we will fence we might always 
With the ambulance down in the valley." 

— Selected. 


We shall do so much in the years to come, 

But what have we done today? 
We shall give out gold in a princely sum, 

But what did we give today? 
We shall lift the heart and dry the tear, 
We shall plant a hope in the place of fear, 
We shall speak with words of love and 
But what have we done today? 

We shall be so kind in the after while, 

But what have we been today? 
We shall bring to each lonely life a smile, 

But what have we brought today? 
We shall give to truth a grander birth, 
And to steadfast faith a deeper worth, 
We shall feed the hungering souls of earth, 

But whom have we fed today? 
— Nixon Waterman, in Religious Telescope. 


As Told by a Minister in India Who Was 
Once a Mohammedan 

Retold by Stephen Trowbridge 

ON a hot summer day in northern In- 
dia I trudged along the dusty canal 
bank toward the nearest town where 
there was a hospital. I was irritated and 
out of temper because my eyes were sore, 
and I dreaded going to the doctor. 1 was 
a Mohammedan, and at that time was about 
thirteen years old, though my father and 
mother had kept no record of my birthday. 
Most of the people in our village were Mo- 
hammedans. Naturally we felt rather 
doubtful about the Christian doctors in the 
government and missionary hospitals. We 
had heard strange stories about their in- 
struments and machines. But they did cure 
almost every one who went to them. There 
was evidence enough even in our own vil- 
lage to convince my father of that. What- 
ever my father believed, I believed; so I 
readily obeyed his orders and started out 
that hot morning. 

Along the way were crowds of people 
traveling on foot to and from the city mar- 
kets, with droves of loaded donkeys and 
cattle. Many of the women were carrying 
heavy burdens. In the canals here and 
there were water-buffaloes, their big horns 
and black heads just showing. I was in- 
terested in watching them and in trying to 
make out what it was that kept making a 
splash in the muddy water close to the 
bank, when all of a sudden I felt my feet 
slipping, and down I fell into the canal! As 
I did not know how to swim I was very 
much frightened. I struggled to catch hold 
of the bank, but my feet kept sinking deep- 
er in the soft, black mud. The water was 


The Missionary Visitor 


already up to my chin. Some farmers were 
passing, and I shouted to them, but they 
did not even look my way, for they were 
evidently quarreling among themselves. My 
breath and strength were almost gone, when 
suddenly a firm hand reached down, and 
catching my arm, pulled me steadily up, un- 
til my feet were on the ground once more. 
Oh, how thankful I was! In my excite- 
ment I had not looked up to see who was 
rescuing me. And you can imagine my sur- 
prise, when I discovered that the man was 
dressed in a white suit and wore a pith 
helmet. " He must be an ' Englishman,' " 
I thought to myself. " Why in the world 
should he care about pulling an. Indian boy 
out of the dirty canal?" Meanwhile, in- 
stead of going on his way at once, he was 
stooping over me, wiping off the mud from 
my arms and legs, and cheering me up with 
some pleasant words. 

It all seemed so remarkable I could 
scarcely find my tongue to thank him. He 
asked me where I was going, and I replied 
that I wished to find the English hospital, 
where the wise man could make my eyes 
well. He took me by the hand and said in 
a kind voice, " I am the doctor for whom 
you are looking, and I am on the way to 
the hospital now. Come along with me." 

Very contented and pleased to walk by 
the side of the hakim sahib (honorable doc- 
tor), I listened, while he told me about his 
own country beyond many seas in the 
north. He examined and treated my eyes, 
and arranged for me to stay in the hospi- 

tal for some days. The medicine was not 
painful, and my eyes felt much rested when 
the shades and shutters were drawn and the 
bright light was shut out. Every morning 
the doctor came and talked with me a few 
moments, and when my eyes were better he 
invited me to prayers. One day, though 
many patients were waiting for him, he 
stayed by my cot a longer time than usual 
and told me of the life of Jesus, of His 
wonderful purity of heart, His self-control, 
and His unfailing kindness. He told of 
Jesus' healing the sick and forgiving sins 
and showing all men the way to God. "In 
fact," he said, " God is our Father in heav- 
en, and Jesus is His Son, our Savior." In 
my heart I did not like this, for I kept 
thinking of my father's stories of Moham- 
med's greatness and wonderful favor with 
God. But I was daily becoming more de- 
voted to the doctor himself. I loved to look 
at his face. Long after I left the hospital 
I used to go back to those days when he 
led the service of worship, and one even- 
ing I was given a copy of the New Testa- 
ment printed in the language we used at 

This friendship was finally the means of 
my learning to know Jesus as my Lord and 
Master. I thank the doctor with my whole 
heart for thus giving me what is the most 
precious knowledge in my life: that "God 
so loved the world that He gave His only 
begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on 
Him should not perish, but have everlasting 
life." — Everyland. 

The Weekly Prayer Hour 

Prepared by Brother and Sister Adam Ebey 

BULSAR— Feb. 10-16. 

Praise the Lord for the Christian education 
the boys and girls are receiving in the 
boarding-schools; for the work of the 
Bible Teacher Training School; for the 
faithful Indian Christians whose lives 
bear testimony for Jesus among the 

The Drs. Cottrell have now moved out of 
their cramped quarters into their new 
bungalow and new dispensary. Pray that 
their ministry among the sick and suffer- 
ing, who come daily to them for treat- 

ment, may be more and more blessed of 
God, and that India's suffering ones may 
find healing for body and soul. 

Pray earnestly for the teachers, preachers, 
and Bible women who have completed 
the four years' course in the Bible Teach- 
ers' Training School. They have now been 
sent forth to the different stations to bear 
witness among the heathen. Pray that 
they may testify with power and that 
they may lead many souls to Christ. 

Pray for Brother and Sister Ross, who have 
genera 1 charge of the station, the care of 


The Missionary Visitor 


the church, and the supervision of out- 

Pray for Sister Mohler, that she may soon 
complete her language study and be 
ready for the work of a missionary nurse. 

Pray for Sister Eliza B. Miller, in charge 
of the Girls' Boarding School, that she 
may be given strength and wisdom in the 
work of molding the- lives of young In- 
dian Christian girls. 

Pray for Brother and Sister Pittenger, who 
are now located at Bulsar in order that he 
may regain his health under the care of 
our doctors. Pray for Sister Pittenger, 
who has been placed in charge of the 
Widows' Home. Pray for these Chris- 
tian widows, that they may live worthy 
of their high calling in Christ. 

Pray for Brother and Sister Blough, who 
have temporarily left the work at Bulsar 
in order to take charge of the work at 
Ahwa left vacant on account of Bro. Pit- 
tenger's sickness. 

JALALPOR— Feb. 17-23. 

Praise the Lord for Bro. Emmert's faithful 
and painstaking work at this station, and 
for his service to the whole mission as 
field secretary and as editor of the Guja- 
rati Quarterly. 

Praise the Lord that Sister Emmert, though 
in frail health for about five years, has 
been enabled to care for the home, to 
teach her own children, and to be a real 
mother to the Christian women and chil- 
dren about her. 

Pray for the schools in the fisher villages, 
that these children may learn the truth 
about God and His Son Jesus. 

Pray, too, that the proud hearts of the high- 
caste people may be opened to receive 
the truth. 

Pray that Brother and Sister Emmert may 
have a safe voyage and a restful, helpful 
furlough in America, and that somehow 
the work at Jalalpor may be carried for- 
ward during their absence. 

VALI— Feb. 24-March 2. 

Praise God for the Boys' Boarding School, 
for the village schools, and for the Chris- 
tian workers who bring the light of Je- 
sus to the ignorant, downtrodden Bhils 
of this district, 

Pray especially for Brother and Sister Ar- 
nold, who feel keenly the grave responsi- 
bilities that rest upon them, now that 
Brother and Sister Lichty and Bro. Hol- 
sopple are no longer there to lead out in 
the work. 

Pray for Sister Arnold, in the care of her 
own little ones and in charge of the work 
among the women. 

Pray for Bro. Hoffert, who is just entering 
upon the work at this place. 

Pray that the Christian men and women 
may be strong to withstand all tempta- 
tions to drunkenness, adultery, heathen 
practices and all forms of sin. 

Pray for the Sunday-school, that it may 
bring many of the boys and girls round 
about from the villages into the mission 

Pray for the medical work in charge of one 
of our Indian Christian doctors and his 
faithful wife, who is a nurse and minis- 
ters to many of the sick women and chil- 
dren in the village. 

VADA— March 3-9. 

Praise God for some hearts that have 
turned to Christ, and for the friendliness 
and open-heartedness among the people. 

Praise God for the village schools that are 
centers from which radiates the light of 
God's truth. 

Intercede for Bro. Kaylor, that he may be 
sustained and comforted in his loneliness 
and sorrow because of the death of his 
much-loved wife. 

Pray, too. for the women and children 
about Vada who knew and loved Sister 
Kaylor, and who sadly miss her min- 
istries of love among them. 

Pray for the little church; pray for the 
schools; pray for the Lord's work, which 
has been so often hindered in this field! 

Pray that the people of Vada, Moham- 
medan, Hindu, outcaste, that all may 
know of Jesus and of His power to save. 

Students from foreign countries are com- 
ing to America in increasing numbers. Com- 
paratively few women are among them, how- 
ever. Out of 6,000 foreign students only 
200 are women — 100 Chinese, 50 Japanese, 
and the others Koreans, Armenians and 


The Missionary Visitor 




In the Financial Report appearing in the Janu- 
uary issue, the $10.50 credited to Martha Dand- 
ridge, First West Virginia, under Armenian and 
Syrian Relief, should appear to the credit of 
Stokes Sunday-school. 

During December, 1917, the General Mission 
Board sent out 13,344 pages of tracts. 

The Board received the following donations to 
its funds during December. 1917: 

Pennsylvania— $707.94 
Western District, Congregations. 

Waterford-Ligonier, $13.70; Jacobs 
Creek, $24; Rummel, $33; Shade Creek, 
$11.52; Fairview-Qeorges Creek, $22.50; 
Rockton, $13; Sipesville-Quemahoning, 
$11.18; Georges Creek-Uniontown, $11, $ 139 90 

Hochstetler, 11 95 


Harriet Reed, $10; Herman Rummel, 
$5; Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Rummel, $2; 
Danl. B. Replogle, $5; W. H. Koontz, 
$5; Thos. Harden and Family, $1; A. J. 
Beeghly (marriage notice), 50 cents; 
Wm. Thomas, 50 cents; Elmer Walker, 
$5; D. F. Lepley, $50; Irwin R. Pletch- 
er, $7.40; Wm. Bond, $1; Joe Shelbaer 

and Wife, $5 97 40 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Everett, $3; Fairview, $15.13 ; Dry Val- 
ley, $20.62; Lewistown, $18.54; Spring 

Run, $6.82 ; Clover Creek, $22.47, 86 58 


Susanna Rouzer, Dunnings Creek, $5; 
O. Perry Hoover, $6; J. R. Stayer, $3; 
Geo. S. Myers, $1; Marietta Brown, per 
J. C. Stayer, $3; Mary A. Kinsey, $10, 28 00 
Southern District, Congregations. 

Codorus, $90.46; Shippensburg. $11.20; 
Pleasant Hill, $46.60; Carlisle, $12; Up- 
per Cumberland, $20.06, 180 32 


J. S. Harley, $3.50; Ellen S. Strauser, 
$1; J. J. Oiler, $30; O. F. Arnold. $2.93; 
D. E. Brown, $10; Harriet A. Balsbangta, 
$1 ; W. G. Group (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; Fanny M. Herr, $1 49 93 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Indian Creek, $49.13; Big Swatara, 

$50.80 99 93 


Ridgley, 8 93 


Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Seese, 5 00 

Maryland— $660.93 

Western District, Congregations. 

Bear Creek, $10.45; Fairview, $15 25 4~> 


C. H. Merrill and Wife 10 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Pleasant View, $211; Broadfording, 
$62.05; Welsh Run. $45; Mt. Zion, $17.33; 
Long Meadow, $14.85; Manor, $51.33; 

Licking Creek, $5 406 56 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Piney Creek, $13.35; Beaver Dam. 
$23.50; Sams Creek, $10; Washington 
City, D. C, $13; Long Green Valley. 

$14.07 73 92 


Annie R. Stoner, $15; Sallie Wingard. 
$3; Mrs. Julia Roop Estate, $95: A sis- 
ter, $7; Harry Michael and Wife, $25, 145 00 
Virginia— $650.89 
First District, Individuals. 

E. G. Wine, $1.25; Mrs. B. H. Funk. 

$5; Josie Snuffer, W. Va.. $1.91 8 16 

Second District, Congregations. 

Valley Bethel, $14.25; Middle River. $2; 

Lebanon, $12.67 ; Sangersville, $28, 56 92 


Salome A. Gochenour, $1: S. I. 
Stoner, $3.70: M. G. Sanger, $1; J. L. 
Driver, $1; Bessie V. Wampler, $1.10; 

Fannie A. W'ampler, $1.10; Barbara A. 
Wampler, $1.10 ; Martha Evers, 25 cents ; 
N. A. Evers, $1 ; Lucy Evers, 25 cents ; 
Mary Evers, 25 cents; D. S. Thomas, 
$1; Jane A. Zimmerman, $2.50; Mary S. 

Zimmerman, $2.50 $ 17 75 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Christiansburg, $6.50; Topeco, $10.50; 

Germantown, $70 87 00 


R. P. and Nancy J. Suit, 2 00 

Northern District. Congregations. 

Greenmount, $38 43; TJnitv, $178.65; 
Mill Creek, 98.21; Linville Creek. $10.38; 
Cedar Grove, Flat Rock, $24.96; Flat 
Rock, $42.33; Upper Lost River, $1.60; 
Browntown Mission, $15, 409 53 

Aid Society, Timberville, 10 00 


I. C. Crist and Wife, $5; M. E. Goch- 
enour, $1; Ruth E. Utz, $5; Lydia F. 
Whisler, $1 ; Bettie F. Lamb and moth- 
er, $2; O. D. Simmons, $10; D. R. Miller, 
25 cents; B. W. Neff. $5; D. W. Wampler, 
$2; Ira L. and Cora V. Garber, $5; 
Benj. Cline, 50 cents; Felix Stultz. 50 
cents; Madison and Catherina R. Kline, 
$1; H. R. Mowry, $1; Catharine Wamp- 
ler, $3, 42 25 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Nokesville 12 05 


D. T. Bailiff. $4; S. A. Sanger, $1.20, .. 5 20 

Illinois — $519.35 
Northern District, Congregations. 

Waddams Grove. $41; Mt. Morris, $100; 
Batavia, $13.40: Shannon, $68.50; Mil- 
ledgeville, $28.55; Lanark, $36.86; Elgin, 

$24.08, 312 39 


Wm. R. Thomas, $1; Marv C. Fisher, 
$5; Wm. Wingerd, $12; Galen B. Rover, 
$1.40; W. E. West, $5; Levi S. Shivelv, 
$5; Jennie S. Harley, $1.20; A sister. 
$18; Ezra Flory (marriage notice), 50 
cents; W. H. Puterbaugh, $5; a sister- 
Yellow Creek, $20, 74 10 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Panther Creek. $10; Pleasant Grove, 
$1 : Hudson, $5.25: Virden. $10; Girard, 
$26.29; Oakley, $17.60; Cerro Gordo, 

f7.22 . 87 36 


Isaac Eikenberry, $2.50: Atta C. Eiken- 
berry, $2.50; Jas. Wirt, $5; Hannah 
Wirt, $5; Mary Eblower, $5; Elizabeth 
Henricks, $5; Bernice J. Ashmore. $1: 
Cyrus Bucher (marriage notice). 50 
cents; John E. Dotterer. $4: Mrs. Har- 
riet Lilligh, $10; Benj. Bowman, $5, 45 50 

West Virginia— 8U44.61 

First District, Congregations. 

Greenland, $37: German Settlement, 
$214.31: Sandy Creek. $80.40: Beaver 
Run. $17; Harman, $60; Beans Settle- 
ment, $2.34 411 05 


Brick, 5 46 

Individuals. , 

Bertha Thurmond and Children, $2.60; 
Newton D. Cosner. $2; Geo. T. Leath- 
erman, $5; Jennie Burgess, $3; A Broth- 
er and Sister, $8 20 60 

Second District. Sunday-school. 

Pleasant Valley 7 50 

Ohio— $511.94 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Wooster, 40 50 


Sarah A. Dupler. $10.38: John Dupler, 
$1.20; Wm. Domer. $25; Mary A. Shrov- 
er, $3; Wm. P. Wertz and Wife, $5; 
Simon and Hannah Longanecker. $5: Jos. 
H. Snyder and Wife $3; Geo. S. Grim, 

$5; A Brother— Sugar Creek, $1.60, 59 18 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Silver Creek, $32.85; North Poplar 
Ridge, $26.26; Pleasant View -Sugar 
Creek, $106; Lick Creek, $21.50; Logan, 

$29.40, $ 216 01 


Blanchard 3 50 

Individuals. , 

F. A. Sellers, $1.50; Lydia Dickey, 
$1.50; L. H. Cook, $1; Arthur Dodge 

and Wife, $25 ; Lydia Fried, $10, 39 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

New Carlisle, $31.45; Prices Creek, 

$35.06 ; Salem, $19.72 86 23 


Bethel— Salem 15 32 

Individuals. , 

John H. Rinehart, $1.20; Henry Bak- 
er, $1 ; A. E. S. and C. M. S., $50, 52 20 

Iowa — $439.09 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Franklin County, $25.85; Curlew, 

$9.27; Kingsley, $26.50 61.62 

Individuals. , 

Jacob Lichty, $6; J. H. Grady, $1.15; 
Cornelius Frederick, $4; D. F. Landis, 
$1.50; C. A. Shook, $2; T. L. Kimmel, 
$2; S. Beeghly, $10; E. B. Albright, 
$5; Edward Zapf, $5; M. S. Beeghly, 
$1; W. E. Buntain (marriage notice), 
50 cents; Eld. A. P. Blough (marriage 

notices), $1, 39 15 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Panther Creek, $173.37; Brooklyn, 
$11.03; Des Moines Valley, $23.67; Cedar, 

$20.50 ; Garrison, $41.12, 269 69 


E. L. West, $2.50; Mrs. Vinton Artz, 
50 cents; Elizabeth Fahrney, $2.50; Le- 
ander Smith (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; D. W. Miller, $5 11 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Libertyville, $45; North English, $7.63, 52 63 


Mabel Wonderlick, 5 00 

Indiana — $431.61 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Oak Grove, $1; Wawaka, $9.75; Beth- 
any, $22.62; Yellow Creek, $11; Turkey 
Creek, $13.50; Solomons Creek— Beth- 
any, $5.73; Yellow River, $15.44; Wash- 
ington, $10.50 89 54 


Jacob B. Neff, $5; Danl. B. Hartman, 
$2; Saml. E. Good, $1; E. W. Bowers, 
$1; I. L. Berkey, $1; Danl. Harley, 
$1.30; S. B. Reppert and Wife, En- 
glish Prairie, $25.50; Sister E., $3; John 

Weybright, $1, 40 80 

Middle District, Congregations. 

West Manchester, $46; Pleasant View, 
$15.10; Somerset, $10.64; Salamonie, 
$17.16; Ft. Wayne, $4.51; Upper Deer 
Creek, $14; Plunge Creek Chapel, 
$11.08; Loon Creek, $29; Huntington, 

$10.50, 157 99 


Burnetts Creek, 11 59 


M. E. Miller, $1; Andrew Fouts, $1; 
Sarah A. Ball, $1; Danl. Karn, $2.50; 
Elsie Humbarger, $9.50; John W. Hoov- 
er, $1.25; Frank Fisher, $1 ; Walter Bals- 
baugh, $5; John E. Miller, 50 cents; 
Levi L. Ulrich, $2; John H. Cupp, $1; 
L. W. Shultz, $10; Jennie Eckman, 

$2.60, 38 35 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Nettle Creek. $41.37; Noblesville, $2; 

Anderson, $15.30, 58 67 


Buck Creek 29 77 


B. F. Shill. $1; Henry Acker. $1; 
Chriss Cripe. 40 cents; An invalid Sister, 
$1; J. A. Miller (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; Mary E. Kaiser, $1 4 90 

California — $335.25 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Raisin City, $13.43; Live Oak, $3.18; 

Chico, $3.85; Trigo, $9.18; Butte Valley, 

$19 ; Golden Gate, $6.70 ; Lindsay, $48.90, $ 104 24 


A. E. Bush, $10; D. S. Musselman, 

$2.15 ; H. F. Maust, $67.50, 79 65 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Long Beach, $5.75; Covina, $4; Egan— 

Hemet, $22.75; Pasadena, $86.86, 119 36 


D. Earl Brubaker, $1; David Blicken- 
staff, $5; S. Bock, $1; Eliott B. Thom- 
as, $20 ; A Sister, $5 32 00 

Kansas— $278.67 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Rock Creek, $8.82; Richland Center, 

f 15 -54, 24 36 


J. F. Hantz (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; C. E. Barker, 50 cents, l 00 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Pleasant View, $10.83; Quinter, $32.49, 43 32 


B. M. Peterson, $10; J. N. Jarboe, $1; 

Isaac B. Garst, $1; C. B. Jamison, $1, 13 00 

Southeastern District, Congregations. 

New Hope, $17; Parsons, $28; Mont 

Ida, $11.50 ; Osage, $12.44 68 94 


J. A. Strohm (marriage notice), 50 
cents; E. W. Waas, $50; Lydia Shir- 
man, 60 cents, 51 10 

Southwestern District, Congregations. 

Garden City, $16.05; Kansas Center, 

$19.15 ; Monitor, $36.75 71 95 


Stella Will, 5 00 

Missouri — $262.33 

Northern District, Congregations*. 

Rockingham, $65.13; Wakenda, $101; 

Pleasant View— Bethany, $17.50 183 63 


Emma Van Trump, 5 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

David Holsopple— Prairie View, $25; 

John M. Mohler, $2 ; A tither, $20, 47 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Greenwood— Cabool, $7.70. Dry Fork, 

$5 ; Fairview, $4 ; Peace Valley, $8, 24 70 


Nannie A. Harmon, 2 00 

Nebraska— -$295.58 

Falls City, $18.65; South Beatrice, 
$84.75; Alvo, $27.90; Bethel, $127; Be- 
atrice, $22.75 ; Arcadia, $8.53, 289 58 


Susana Smith, $1 ; Mrs. Sarah E. Shaf- 
fer, $2 ; Levi Hoffert, $3 6 00 

Idaho— $173.96 

Moscow, $11; Nezperce, $82.16; Boise 

Valley $67.80, 160 96 


Lizzie Greene and Daughter, $3; J. B. 

Lehman, $10, 13 00 

New Mexico — $148.00 

Saml. Weimer and Wife, $3; Q. D. 
Reed and Wife, $100; Elias M. Reed and 
Wife, $25; Thos. J. Reed and Wife, $20, 148 00 
Michigan— $120.13 

New Haven, $26.29; Onekama, $2.90; 
Sunfield. $5.25; Crystal, $10.25; Thorn- 
apple, $26.49; Shepherd, $12.56; Wood- 
land Village, $15.53; Long Lake, $3.60; 

Hart, $4.31, 107 18 


Beaverton, 5 25 


J. W. Hoover (marriage notice). 50 
cents; Ralph E. Cortright, $5; Jos. Rob- 
inson, $1 ; Perry McKimmy, $1.20, 7 70 

Tennessee — $88.15 

Meadow Branch, $18; Beaver Creek, $7; 

Mountain Valley, $11.75, 36 75 


Mrs. J. A. Alley, French Broad, $1.40; 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Brother, $50 $ 

Colorado— $64.74. 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Denver, $10.32; Sterling, $11.62; Col- 
orado City, $23.05 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

McClave, .- 


Mrs. H. Kurtz 

Western District, Congregation. 

First Grand Valley, 


J. H. Rutt, 

Washington — $56.10 

North Yakima, $8: Wenatchee Park, 
$1; Sunny Slope, $24.30 

Cheerful Workers, — Sunny Slope, 


Dora Adams. $2; Ann C. Castle. $6; 
D. B. Ebv, $1.80: A. B. Long. $5; Piccola 

Castle, $3; Tellie Sutphin, $1, 

Montana — $49.40 





W. E. Swank, 

Minnesota — $46.75 

Root River, $33.95; Morrill, $12.30, .. 

J. F. Souders (marriage notice), 

Oregon — $41.80 


Mabel, $9.10; Evergreen— Myrtle Point, 



Edw/ Weimer, 

North Carolina— $36.70 


Brummets Creek, $6.20; Pleasant 

Grove, $15.20 


Primary Class, Pleasant Grove, 


H. H. Masters, 

Texas — $34.66 

Ft. Worth 


L. J. Porter and Familv. $10.81 : Danl. 

Bock, $5; Mrs. H. D. Blocher, $10 

North Dakota— $31.00 

Brumbaugh, $5; James River, $8; 

Berthold. $15, 


J. M. Fike 

South Dakota — $29.35 

Willow Creek, 

Aid Societv. 

Willow Creek 

Oklahoma — $28.91 

Hollow, $5.56; Paradise PrairK $9.01 

Marshall Fnnis. $1.50: M. W Wnmn- 
ler. $10: Ella Garst, $1: L. N. Green- 
wood, $1.84 

T ouisiana — $20.48 


Canada — $11.00 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Battle Creek 

Florida— $7.62 

John M. Lutz. $1; A Sister. $2; H. J. 

Shallenberger. $4.62 

Arkansas — $5.00 

Mrs. Edwin Harador 

Wisconsin — $3.35 

Rice Lake 

51 40 

47 99 

8 50 

2 50 

4 75 

1 00 

36 30 
1 00 

18 80 

26 65 

21 75 

1 00 

46 25 


40 39 

1 m 

21 40 

5 31 

10 03 

25 81 

28 00 

3 00 

14 35 

15 01 

14 57 

14 31 

20 4S 

11 09 

7 6? 

5 01 

3 35 

South Carolina — $2.00 


Harrison Cooper, $1; J. I. Branscom, 

U, $ 2 00 

Delaware — $1.40 


W. M. Wine, l 40 

Unknown, i 03 

Total for the month $ 6,539 69 

Previously received, 49,791 31 

For the year so far, $56,331 00 

Pennsylvania — $52.95 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Clover Creek, $18.50; Woodbury, 

$24.45, 52 95 

Kansas — $52.78 

SoTitheastern District, Congregations. 

Chanute, $4.50; Fredonia, $29.28 33 78 

Individuals 9 00 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

J. E. Young, 10 00 

Idaho— $50.00 

Nezperce 50 09 

Oregon — $27.50 

Ashland 24 00 


A. E. Troyer and Wife, $2; Edw. 

Weimer, $1.50 3 50 

Oklahoma — $19.11 

Antelope Valley 19 11 

Colorado— $17.00 

First Grand Valley, 17 00 

Virginia — $15.00 

Second District, Aid Society. 

Bridgewater ' 15 00 

Washington — $10.00 

North Yakima, 10 00 

Ohio— $5.00 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

John Wertz 5 00 

Arkan sas — $5.00 

A Sister — Springdale 5 00 

Illinois — $1.50 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 150 

Indiana — $1.00 

Southern District, Individual. 

R. M. Arndt, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 256 84 

Previously received, 1,751 53 

For the year so far, $ 2,008 37 


Pennsylvania — $142.00 

Western District. Classes. 

A. O. B— Purchase Line. Manor, $10; 

Truth Seekers, Elk Lick, $10, 20 00 


Sewell Rogers, $25; John R. Berg and 

Wife. $5 30 00 

Middle District. 

Truth Seekers,— Altoona 20 00 


Alice Long 20 00 

Eastern District. Individual. 

Amanda Cassel 32 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

York, 20 03 

Minnesota — $30.00 

Worthington 30 00 

California — $29.44 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Lindsay 4 44 

Southern District. Congregation. 

South Los Angeles, \ 20 00 


E. P. Fike, 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois— $26.50 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, $ 50 

Aid Society. 

Franklin Grove, 16 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Centennial, 5 00 

Aid Society. 

Centennial, 5 00 

Washington — 20.00 

North Yakima, 10 00 


Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Wagoner, 10 00 

Indiana— $9.00 

Middle District. 

Classes No. 7 and 8, Salamonia, 9 00 

Ohio— $3.51 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 
New Carlisle, 3 51 

Total for the month, $ 260 45 

Previously received, 1,778 89 

For the year so far, $2,039 34 

Pennsylvania — $46.65 

Western District, Congregation. 

Purchase Line — Manor, 15 40 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Everett, 25 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Carlisle Primary, 6 25 

Minnesota — $12.50 

Ever Ready Class, — Worthington, 12 50 

California — $8.55 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Laton — Oak Grove, 8 55 

Indiana — $6.25 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Turkey Creek, 6 25 

Total for the month, $ 73 9"> 

Previously received, 1,054 30 

For the year so far, $ 1,128 25 

Illinois— $25.00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Oakley, 25 00 

Colorado — $13.40 

Northeastern District. 
Aid Societies of the District, 13 40 

Total for the month, $ 38 40 

Previously received 317 45 

For the year so far, $ 355 85 


Ohio— $76.30 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Jonathan Creek, 50 00 

Southern District. 

Sisters' Bible Class, Oakland, 26 30 

Indiana — $58.79 

Middle District. 

Aid Societies of the District, 58 79 

Missouri — $50.00 

Northern District, Aid Societv. 

Dorcas — Rockingham, $°5; North Rock- 
ingham Mission Circle Aid, $25, 50 00 

C alifornia— $25.00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Pomona, 25 00 

Maryland — $20.00 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

New Windsor, 5 00 


Mary A. Weybright. Rocky Ridge — 
Monocacy, $5: Mrs. A. W. Ecker, $10, .. 15 00 

Virginia— $10.00 
First District, Aid Society. 

Daleville, 10 00 

Oregon — $10.00 

Aid Society. 

Mabel, 10 00 

Iowa— $5.00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Ida Fitz, $ 5 00 

Colorado — $5.00 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

W. N. Ort, 5 00 

Illinois— $1.00 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 100 

Total for the month $ 26109 

Previously received, 5,68116 

For the year so far, $ 5,942 25 


Ohio— $25.00 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Maple Grove — Ashland 25 00 

Indiana — $10.00 
Southern District. 

Aid Societies of District, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 35 00 

Previously received, 99 00 

For the year so far, $ 134 00 

Illinois— $5.00 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 5 00 

South Dakota — $4.00 

Mrs. J. W. Kirkendall 4 00 

Total for the month, $ 9 00 

Previously received, 1,172 64 

For the year so far, $ 1,181 64 


Indiana — $209.30 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Blue River, $83.65; Washington, $8.30; 
Topeka, $15; Auburn, $16.50; Cedar 

Creek, $10.90 ; Camp Creek, $9.18, 143 53 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Indianapolis, $1; Maple Grove, $12; 
Little Walnut, $3.34; Mt. Pleasant, 
$6.13; Lick Creek, $22; Samson Hill, 

$13.30, 57 77 


R. M. Arndt, $1 ; Docia Gilley, $2 ; Hel- 
en Gwynn, $5 8 00 

Idaho— $44.00 


Payette Valley, 44 00 

Minnesota — $20.00 

Lewiston, 20 03 

Washington — $10.00 

North Yakima, 10 00 

Ohio— $10.00 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Corda Wertz 5 00 

Southern District. 

" K. R.", 5 00 

Illinois— $7.51 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 5 50 

Southern District. 

Mrs. J. G. Wolfe's Class,— La Place, .. 2 01 

Virginia— $6.00 
Northern District, Congregation. 

White Hill 6 00 

Iowa — $5.50 

Northern District, Individual. 

Jean Pultz 5 50 

Oregon — $1.00 

Edw. Weimer, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 313 31 

Previously received, 1.961 39 

For the year so far $ 2,274 70 


The Missionary Visitor 



Pennsylvania — $33.00 

Eastern District. 

Greater Mission Class, — Norristown, $ 11 00 
Southern District, Sunday-school. 

York 22 03 

Indiana — $25.00 
Northern District. 

Willing Workers, Elkhart Valley, 23 00 

Washington — $10.00 

North Yakima, 10 09 

New Mexico— $7.73 

Clovis, 7 73 

California — $5.29 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Santa Rosa 5 29 

Ohio— $5.00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

John H. Rinehart and Wife, 5 00 

Illinois — $0.50 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 50 

Total for the month, $ 86 52 

Previously received, 523 16 

For the year so far, $ 609 68 

Kansas — $16.70 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Monitor 16 70 

Maryland — $6.00 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Chas. T. Royer, 6 00 

Total for the month, $ 22 70 

Previously received, 96 17 

For the year so far $ 118 87 


Indiana — $25.00 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Nappanee 25 01 

Kansas — $16.70 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Monitor 16 70 

Mary Ian d — $15.00 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Fannie Royer, 15 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00 

Eastern District. Individual. 

Sister Chas. Bowman, Indian Creek, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 61 70 

Previously received, 212 91 

For the year so far, $ 274 61 

Ohio— $25.00 
Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Maple Grove, 25 00 

Illinois— $5.00 
Northern District. 

Shannon 5 CO 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 
Eastern District. Individual. 

Sister Chas. Bowman, Indian Creek, 5 00 

Idaho— $2.00 

Ollie A. Harp, 2 00 

Colorado — $2.00 

Western District. Individual. 

Mrs. J. W. Trissel, 2 00 

Total for the month $ 30 00 

Previously received, 677 33 

For the year so far $ 716 33 


Indiana — $307.50 

Middle District, Individuals. 

W. A. & Sarah E. Young, $5: Chas. 
Mosier and Wife, $20; Chas. F. Sink, 
$10; Ida L. Sink. $20; Chas. Myer, $5; 
A Sister, $5; Riley Flora, $10; Scott 

Clark, $3; Clarence Wolf, $2; E. F. 
Wagoner, $10; Wilbur Richardson, $5; 
A. O. Witter, $5; Fred Myer, $7.50; 
Edna Allbaugh, $2; David Sink and 
Wife, $8; Clyde Sink, $1; O. P. Clingen- 
peel, $20; Mrs. O. P. Clingenpeel, $5; 
Ross D. Myer, $1; Wm. Douglass, $10; 

Sarah Myer, $1; Date Witter, $2, $ 157 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 
Geo. Brubaker, $67; Mary Brubaker, 

$50 ; Ida Brubaker, $33, 150 00 

Minnesota — $12.50 

Gleaners Class, Deer Park, 12 50 

Total for the month, $ 320 00 

Previously received 910 03 

For the year so far $ 1,230 03 


Virginia— $2.75 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 
Melrose — Greenmount, 2 75 

Total for the month, $ 2 75 

Previously received, 910 76 

For the year so far, $ 913 51 

Illinois — $1.50 

Northern District, Congregation. 
Shannon, 150 

Total for the month, $ 150 

Previously received 2 50 

For the year so far, $ 4 00 

Pennsylvania — $12.00 

Southern District, Congregation. 
Ridge, 12 00 

Total for the month $ 12 00 

Previously received, 34 35 

For the year so far, $ 46 35 

California— $5.00 

Southern District, Individual. 
P. F. Fesler, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

For the year so far, $ 500 


Pennsylvania — $18.00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Indian Creek, 18 00 

Illinois— $1.50 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 159 

California— $1.00 

Southern District. Individual. 

D. Earl Brubaker, 100 

Total for the month $ 20 50 

Previously received 192 00 

For the year so far $ 212 50 


Pennsylvania — $1800 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 
Indian Creek, 18 00 

Total for the month, $ 18 00 

Previously received, 2 00 

For the year so far $ 20 00 

Iowa— $11.46 

Mid rile District, Congregation. 

Dry Creek, 11 46 

Total for the month, $ 11 46 

Previously received, 144 73 

For the year so far, $ 156 19 


The Missionary Visitor 



Ohio— $20.50 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

A Sister — East Nimishillen, $5; Eliza- 
beth Toms, $15.50, $ . 20 50 

Virgina— $5.00 

Northern District, Individual. 

Ruth E. Utz, 5 00 

Indiana — $5.00 
Southern District. 

Aid Societies of District, 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $3.35 
Eastern District. 

Teacher and class of girls, Conewago, 3 35 

Total for the month, $ 33 8") 

Previously received, 462 42 

For the year so far, $ 496 27 


Pennsylvania — $235.32 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Woodbury, 21 57 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Conewago, $42.40; Little Swatara, 

$30.03 ; Maiden Creek, $16.32, 88 75 


J. G. Reber 25 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Upper Conewago 100 00 

Illinois— $56.72 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Elgrin, $11 ; Shannon, $5, 16 00 


A Sister— Yellow Creek, 5 03 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Cerro Gordo, 35 72 

Michigan— $13.05 

Zion 7 05 


Mr. and Mrs. A. Reppert, 6 00 

Texas — $12.50 

H. D. Blocher and Family, 12 50 

Nebraska — $5.00 
Christian Workers. 

Bethel 5 00 

Ohio— $27.06 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Brookville, 22 06 

Northeastern District. 

A Sister. Fast Nimishillen, 5 00 

Colorado — $2.60 
Western District. 

Junior Girls. First Grand Valley, . . 2 60 

California — $2 .50 
Southern District. Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. I. D. Trostle, 2 50 

Oklahoma. — $2.00 

Mr. and Mrs. L. M. Dodd, $1 ; Mr. and 
Mrs. Frank Boone, $1 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 256 ^ 

Previously received, 1.301 42 

For the year so far, $ 1.661 17 


Virginia— S17.75 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Fairfax 17 75 

Pennsylvania — $1 1.00 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Hooversville, 6 01 

• Individual. 

Gertrude Flory, 5 00 

California — $514 

Southern District. Sunday-school. 

Hemet 5 11 

T ennesseo — $5 .00 

A Sister 5 01 

Nebrsi ska — $1 .00 

Individuals 1 00 

Indiana— $1.00 

Southern District, Individual. 

R. M. Arndt, $ l 00 

Missouri — $0.50 

Southern District, Individual. 

Nannie A. Harmon 50 

Total for the month, $ 4139 

For the year so far, $ 4139 

Pennsylvania — $1,276.73 

Western District, Congregations. 

Ten Mile, $4.50; Red Bank, $10; Pur- 
chase Line— Manor, $32.58 47 08 


Summit, $15; Salem, $5.08; Water- 
ford— Ligonier, $25 45 08 

Christian Workers. 

Ligonier, 3 25 

pin SSA^I 

Willing Workers, Middle Creek, $3; 
Womens' Adult Bible, Middle Creek, 
$8.50; Helping Hand, Roxbury, $54; 
Womens' Bible, Roxbury, $15; Berean 

Bible, Roxbury, $5, 85 50 


Mr. and Mrs. R. T. Idleman, $5; X. 

Yore, $5 ; W. G. Schrock, $5, . 15 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Queen, $21.50; Spring Run, $15.10; 

Pine Glen, $8.40, 45 00 


Pine Glen, $2.50; Claar, $10; Stoners- 
town, $15.64; Williamsburg. $30.68; 
Leamersville, $30; Schellburg, $10; Lew- 

istown, $10 ; Riddlesburg, $5 113 82 

Christian Workers. 

Riddlesburg 3 60 


Mr. and Mrs. David Hollinger, $3; 
Susan Rouzer, Dunnings Creek, $5; Mr. 

and Mrs. Ira Grubb, $5, 13 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Hanover, $10.25; Upper Conewago, 

$300, 310 25 


Waynesboro, $216.14; Back Creek, 

$9.22; Shippensburg,— Ridge, $51.88, 277 24 


L. E. Bushman, wife and daughter, 
$3; J. J. Oiler, $20; J. E. Wingert and 
Wife $5; Jesse B. Asper, $5; C. L. 
Pfoutz, $2; A Sister — Lower Cumber- 
land, $5, 40 00 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Chiques, $101; Lititz, $10; Hatfield, 

$56.45 167 45 


Lower Paxton, Big Swatara 40 00 


Gleaners Bible Class, Ephrata, $5; 
Diligent Workers Class, Ephrata, $5; 
Ella Nyce and Class of Girls, — Indian 

Creek, $5, 15 00 


Mrs. S. S. Beaver, Landisville, $2: 
Katie Smith, $1; C. P. Wenger, $5; Two 

Sisters, $6, 14 00 

Southeastern District. Congregations. 

Parkerf ord, $20.73 ; Coventry, $20.73, . . 41 43 

Indiana— $849.08 
Northern District, Congregations. 

English Prairie. $13; Tippecanoe, $209; 
Second South Bend, $30; Plymouth, 
$18.27; Wawaka. $17; First South Bend, 

$16.66 ; North Liberty, $8.35, 312 2S 


Cedar Creek, $5.52 ; Nappanee, $17, . . 22 52 

Christian Workers. 

Shipshewana, $5; Nappanee, $8.37, ... 13 37 

Womens Bible Class, Elkhart 8 25 


Mary A. Lammedee, $3; Elizabeth Hay, 

$100; Sister E.. $7; W. Sister. $5, 115 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Pipe Creek. $54.80: Eel River, $35.37; 
Lower Deer Creek, $12.25; Huntington, 
$3.53 105 95 


The Missionary Visitor 



Lower Deer Creek, $12.87; Bachelor 

Run, $27; Pleasant View, $16, $ 55 87 

Aid Society. 

Peru, 10 00 


A Brother, 3 00 

Southern. District, Congregations. 

Mississinewa, $25.58; Buck Creek, 

$15.20 40 78 


Kokomo, 3 06 

Willing Workers, Four Mile, $30; Car- 
ry the News, Rossville, $5 35 00 

Aid Society of Southern District, 5 00 


A Brother, — Pyrmont, $110; Abraham 
Bowman, $3; Lydia Lounerd, $2; R. M. 

Arndt, $2 ; Wm. J. Tinkle, $2, 119 00 

Ohio— $744.26 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Lick Creek 10 00 


Sugar Grove, Green Springs, $13.05; 
Pleasant View, $88.62; Sugar Creek, $30, 131 67 

Old Folks Home— Fostoria, 20 00 


Arthur Dodge and Wife, $5; Lydia 
Fried, $10; G. A. Snider and Wife, $100; 

C. A. Landes and Wife, $25, 140 00 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Ashland City, $25.75; Maple Grove, 

$25.75 51 50 


Dickey — Ashland, $50; Maple Grove, 
$32; Mt. Zion, $14; Bethel— Mahoning, 

$5 ; Ashland City, $10.66 Ill 66 

Class No. 5, Springfield 10 00 


Wm. Bixler, $10; Mrs. T. M. Arnold. 
$1.90; A Sister, East Nimishillen, $5; 

Simon Harshman, $10 26 90 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Middle District, $23.66; West Charles- 
ton, $28.46; Sugar Hill, $11: Green- 
ville, $10; Donnels Creek, $16.31; Rush 

Creek, $7, 96 43 


Castine, $24.79; Harris Creek, $8.10; 
Georgetown, $31.41; West Milton, $68,.. 132 30 

N. W. Binkley, $10.80; Lillie and Flor- 
ence Lyday, $2 ; Mary West, $1, 13 80 

Kansas — $569.20 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Ramona, $15; Lawrence, $7.42; Morrill, 

$61.35; Chapman Creek, $85.52, 169 29 

Philoxine Girls, Morrill, 17 75 


Ramona ' 20 72 


H. W. Behrens and Wife, $2; Johanna 

Jolitz, $5, 7 00 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Lydia Shirman 1 50 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Maple Grove, $27.40; North Solomon. 

$6.34 ; Belleville, $12.43, 46 17 


Susie R. Williams 10 00 

Southwestern District, Congrpgations. 

Bloom, $17; Eden Vallev. $17.87; Mc- 
Pherson, $230.96; Garden City, $18.94... 28177 

Mrs. M. S. Frantz, $10; Jane Rife, $2. 12 00 

Virginia — $543.05 
First District, Congregation. 

Cloverdale, 63 10 


Daleville Primary, 2 55 


Mrs. B. H. Funk. $5; A. C. Rielv, 
$5; J. W. Ikenberry and Family, $10. 20 00 

Second District, Congregations. 

Middle River, $35.27; Barren Ridge. 

$14.48 49 75 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Fairfax, $39.75; Midland, $10.60, 50 35 


Mt. Hermon— Midland, $ 10 00 


E. H. Jones, $5; A Brother,, $5, 10 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Cedar Bluff— Bethlehem, $30.50; Ger- 

mantown, $200 ; Antioch, $60, 290 50 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Hound Hill— Woodstock, 14 80 


Ruth E. Utz, $5; J. M. Fravel and 

Wife, $20; Lewis D. Wampler, $7 32 00 

Illinois — $454.17 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Cherry Grove, $44.35; Shannon, $12; 
Lanark, $93.75; Elgin, $13.25; Polo. 

$23.65, 187 03 


Polo, $20; Douglas Park— Chicago, 

$12 ; Batavia, $13.45 ; Elgin, $103.22, 148 67 


Victorian — Elgin, $15; Queen Esthers, 

Elgin, $3, 18 00 


L. J. Gerdes, 50 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Kaskaskia, 9 00 


Macoupin Creek, 25 00 


I. J. Harshbarger and family, $6.50; 

Sister B. S. Kindig, $10, 16 50 

I»wa— $419.22 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Greene, $22.51; Slifer, $10; Sheldon, 

$15.70 48 21 


Mrs. H. E. Walton, $5; M. S. Beeghly, 

$1 ; H. I. Metz and Wife, $10 16 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Dallas Center, 137 40 


Dallas Center, $10.88; Beaver, $18; 

Iowa River, $5, 33 88 

Winners, Dallas Center, 3 6j 


T. A. Robinson, 5 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Mt. Etna, $8.40; Fairview, $11.30; En- 
glish River, $47.56; South Keokuk, 

$61.12 ; Osceola, $38.50 166 88 


Batavia. Libertyville, 3 20 


L. E. Buzzard 5 00 

California— $302.26 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Chico, $5.15; Lindsay, $42.79; Empire, 

$27.35 75 29 


Patterson, ; 4 85 

Christian Workers. 

McFarland 16 80 


E. T. Boone, $10 ; A Sister, $30, 40 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

South Los Angeles, $13.50; Covina, 

$83.60, 97 10 


Pasadena, $55.47 ; Santee, $5, 60 47 


John K. Shively, 25 cents ; Mr. and 
Mrs. I. D. Trostle, $2.50 ; A Sister, $5, 7 75 

Nebraska — $272.05 

Octavia, $36.51 ; South Beatrice, $173.54 ; 

Lincoln, $32 242 05 

Kearney Sunday-school and Christian 

Workers, 25 00 

Beginners and Primary, Juniata, 1 00 

Individuals 4 00 

Colorado— $188.12 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Rocky Ford 147 67 


H. P. Talhelm, $5; Mrs. H. Kurtz, 

$2.50, 7 50 

Western District, Individuals. 

D. M. Glick and family 2 50 


The Missionary Visitor 


Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Colorado City, $ 1170 


Colorado City, 18 75 

West Virginia— $82.34 

First District, Congregations. 

German Settlement — Glade View, $4; 
German Settlement— Maple Spring, $30, 31 00 


Stringtown— Red Creek, 2 00 


Ida Rumers, $3; Jennie Burgess. $3, 

B. F. Wratchford, $3.40, 9 40 

Second District, Congregation. 

Chestnut Grove — Pleasant View, .... 29 74 


Pleasant Valley, 7 20 

Mary land— $1 75.14 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View 100 00 


Manor, 46 07 

Elsie Lewis' Class, Pleasant View, 8 60 


Susanna M. Newcomer, $1; A brother 

and sister, $1, 2 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Fulton Avenue, 9 25 


Fulton Avenue, 5 00 

Sunshine and Sunny Workers Classes, 

Rocky Ridge, Monocacy, 4 22 

Oklahoma— $150.75 

Big Creek, $131 ; Monitor, $7.75, 138 75 


A Christian friend, $10; Mr. and Mrs. 
L. M. Dodd, $1; Mr. and Mrs. Frank 

Boone, $1, 12 00 

Michigan — $133.96 

Woodland, $53.21; Riverside, $15.50; 

Grand Rapids, $10.80, 79 51 


Sunfield, $25; Beaverton Primary, 
$14.90 ; Beaverton Advanced, $13.55, ... 53 45 


A brother, 1 00 

Missouri— $102.54 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Smithfork, 65 51 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Prairie View, . . 30 00 


M. S. Mohler, 2 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

J. O. and Sadie Younce, 5 00 

Idaho— $102.52 

Boise Valley, $10 ; Clearwater, $50, . . 60 00 


Moscow, $10, Fruitland, $32.52, 40 52 


Lizzie Greene and Daughter, 2 00 

Canada— $101.25 

Western District, Sunday-schools. 

. Pleasant Valley, $36.25; Irricana, $65, 101 25 

Washington— $98.74 


North Yakima, $25; Seattle, $8; Olym- 

pia, $13.40 ; Stiverson, $20.84, 67 24 

Immual Class, North Yakima, 3 00 


Dora Adams, $3; Mr. and Mrs. Jas. 
Wagoner, $10; A Brother and family, 

$15.50, 28 50 

North Dakota— $66.62 

Williston, $10.32; Zion, $21.30, 31 62 


Cando, 33 00 


A. P. Sommers, 2 00 

Tennessee — $60.50 

Pleasant Hill, $15; Mountain Valley, 

$23.50, 38 50 


A brother, $20; Maggie Satterfield, 

$1; Mollie Satterfield, $1, $ 22 00 

Minnesota — $58.22 

Lewiston, $20 ; Root River, $28.22, ... 48 22 


Mr. and Mrs. D. Broadwater, $5; Mr. 
and Mrs. Geo. Broadwater, $2 ; Earl 
Broadwater, $2 ; Mr. and Mrs. Joe Hahn, 

$1, 10 00 

Texas — $40.00 

Manvel, 27 50 


H. D. Blocher and family, 12 50 

Montana — $35.00 

A brother and sister 35 00 

Oregon— $34.50 

Bandon. $6.30 ; Newberg, $15.40, 21 70 


Geo. C. and Nellie Carl, $10; H. H. 

Ritter, $2.80, 12 80 

Wisconsin — $34.08 

Chippewa Valley, 14 08 


J. M. Fruit, 20 00 

Arkansas — $10.01 

Springdale, 5 01 


A Sister, — Springdale, 5 00 

Delaware— $10.00 

Christian Krabill, 10 00 

New Mexico — $7.00 

F. G. Replogle, $5; Saml. Weimer and 

Wife, $2, 7 00 

Alabama — $2.00 


E. J. Neher and Wife, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 6.923 31 

Previously received, 4,948 40 

For the year so far $11,87171 


(Continued from Page 67) 
tunities, for far excelling the ignorant Hin- 
du Christian. 

The opportunity for reaching these peo- 
ple is here, if there were laborers to enter 
the field. If the *work, so blest of God, is 
to grow, there must be those who will help 
to evangelize the 1,500,000 souls who com- 
pose the " field." The need is great. The 
call, " Come over and help us," insistent. 
It only remains that Christians surrender 
fully to the Lord, to be used as He wills, 
and there will be no lack of laborers in the 
fields, white to the harvest. May we with- 
hold nothing from Him, Who gave His 
all for us. 

Williamsburg, Pa. 

" Christianity is a spiritual vacuum clean- 
er to dusty, germ laden human souls. It 
freshens and sweetens. It is altogether good 
and anything that spreads its influence is 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Lift Ad- 
visory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
J. J. TODER, McPherson, Kans. 



OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 


H. C. EARLY, President. 

OTHO WINGER, Vice President. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. II. R. WILLIAMS. Ass't Secretary, and 
Editor of Missionary Visitor. 


Mt. Sidney, Va. 

Wine, A. F. (on furlough) 

Wine, Attie C. (on furlough) 
Friisgatun No. 2, Malmd, Sweden. 

Buckingham, Ida 

Gravbill, J. F. 

Graybill, Alice M. 

Ping Ting Hslen, Shansl, China. 

Blough, Anna V. 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Horning, Emma 

Oberholtzer, I. E." 

Oberholtzer. Elizabeth W 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Vaniman, Ernest D. 

Vaniman, Susie C. 

Wampler. Dr. Fred J. 

Wampler, Rebecca C. 
Llao Chou, ShansI, China. 

Bright, J. Homer 

Bright. Minnie 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G. 

Brubaker, Cora M. 

Flory, Raymond C. 

Flory, Lizzie N. 

Hutchison, Anna M. 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Shock, Laura M. 

North China Language School, Peking, 

Clapper, V. Grace 
Flory, Edna R. 
Flory, Nora 
Florv, Byron M. 
Heisey, Walter J. 
Heisey, Sue R. 
Pollock. Myrtle 
Schaeffer, Mary 
Seese, Anna 
8eese,' Norman R. 

On Furlough. 
Cripe. Winnie 

Walkerton. Ind. 
Metzger. Minerva 
Rossville. Ind. 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bill mora, India. 
Blough, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 

Pittenger, J. M. 
Pittenger, Florence B. 

Anklesvar, Broach DIst., India. 

Stover, W. B. 
Stover, Mary E. 
Widdowson, Olive 
Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bulsar, Surat DIst., India. 
Alley, Howard L. 
Alley,. Hattie Z. 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell. Dr. Laura M. 
Ebbert, Ella 
Grisso, Lillian 
Mohler, Jennie 
Miller, Eliza B. 
Mow, Anetta 
Ross, A. W. 
Ross, Flora N. 

Dahanu, Thana DIst., India. 
Eby, Anna M. 
Liehty, Daniel L. 
Lichty, Nora A. 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 
Royer. B. Mary 
Swartz, Goldie 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India. 

Emmert, Jesse B. 
Emmert, Gertrude R. 
Hoffert, A. T. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India. 
Garner, H. P. 
Garner, Kathryn B. 
Kaylor, John I. 
Kaylor, Rosa 
Powell, Josephine 

Post: Umalla, via Anklesvar, India. 

Arnold, S. Ira 
Arnold. Elizabeth 
Ilhnmfdsbaugh, Ida 

Vyara, via Surat, India. 

Long, I. S. 
Long, Effie V. 
Miller, Sadie J. 

On Furlough. 

Ebey, Adam, North Manchester, Ind. 
Ebey, Alice K., North Manchester, Ind. 
Holsopple, Q. A., Elgin, Illinois 
Holsopple, Kathren R., Elgin, 111. 
Shumaker, Ida C, Meyersdale, Pa. 

Please notice — 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
3c for each additional ounce or fraction. At this time place the following on all letter* 
to India : " Please send via Pacific." 



is an Efficient Plan for Weekly Giving to 
both Current Expenses and Benevolences 

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2Z7 DEC 23 19)7 



Ji*^nt^utM**i.en »•* «•» r*« 

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This 8W0 lor Ottraetvft* 


jr<*» "H TIk *;*« Pkm, ~2*m, au 

This $.0© fcr others 

consist of a carton of envelopes 
for each member giving a pledge, 
pledge cards, stock envelopes, and 
a Sower Financial Record. 

1. Cartons of Sower Envelopes 

contain 52 envelopes, an explana- 
tory leaflet and an initial offering 
envelope. The Duplex Envelopes 
have two pockets and thus provide 
a place for amounts for current ex- 
penses and for benevolences. These Duplex envelopes are always printed in 
two colors, the benevolence side in red and the current expense side in black. 

Sower Single Pocket Envelopes are for churches that still prefer the single 
budget system. All envelopes are numbered and dated to insure regular giv- 
ing. We can supply these envelopes, numbered and dated, in either white or 
manila stock, and packed in cartons with the explanatory leaflet and initial 
offering envelopes. 

Prices for either Sower Duplex or Sower Single Pocket Envelopes: 

White envelopes, per set, complete, 10 cents 

Manila envelopes, per set, complete, 9 cents 

Transportation extra from S. W. Ohio. 

2. Pledge Cards are provided for either the Duplex or the Single Envelope 
system. The Weekly Duplex Offering Pledge Card No. 1 or the Weekly 
Offering Pledge Card No. 2 (for the Single Envelope System) comes at the 
same price. 
Price per 100 40 cents postpaid 

3. Stock Envelopes, either Duplex or Single Pocket, and in white paper 
only, can be obtained for pew use. The Duplex Stock Envelopes have the 
same printing as those that come in sets, but are unnumbered and undated. 
Single Pocket Stock Envelopes are furnished in three kinds: No. A, Current 
Expenses; No. B, Benevolences; No. C, Pastor's Support. Price of either 
Duplex or Single Pocket Envelopes, 90 cents per 500; $1.50 per 1000, prepaid. 

4. The Sower Financial Record is made in three sizes. The Record is 
adapted to the Duplex System. It contains the individual member's accounts, 
Separate Current Expense and Benevolence Space. Provides for recording 
in detail receipts and disbursements. No. 1 for 200 names, $1.50 postpaid; 
No. 2 for 300 names, $1.75 postpaid; No. '3 for 500 names $2.25 postpaid. 

Send for Samples and Literature on the Sower Envelope System 

° rder from Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 

lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllilllllllllllllllllllllllllllliiiiiiimiii 11111111111111111 11 iiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiillllllllllllllllllllllllllllllM 

The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to th« 
G«neral Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Dif- 
ferent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be 
interested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscrip- 
tion for every dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of ene dollar or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. 
When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper 
each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for March, 1918 



Some Thoughts on the Two Calls for Volunteers, By Ezra D. Kinzie,. . 84 

As Father Time Would Have It, By the Editor, 86 

Benefits Derived from Mission Study, By Ryntha Shelly, 87 

A Frontier in the Middle of the Brotherhood,. By Wm. J. Tinkle, 88 

A Call to Higher Patriotism, By Frances Prowant, 90 

The Demonstration at Umvoti, 91 

The Bitter Cry of the World for Christian Doctors, By S. Earl Taylor, 92 

Let Us Also Praise, By I. S. Long, 93 

A Testimony of a New Christian, By Josephine Powell, 93 

India Visitor Notes, By Effie V. Long, 94 

December News from China, By Emma Horning, 96 

Weekly Prayer Hour, By Anna Beahm, 101 


The Death of a Volunteer, By Wm. J. Buckley, . . .- 98 



Spider and Dog: An African Folk Story, By Alice Carter Gook, 102 


iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiini ii i i iiiiiiiiii i ■ ! : ■'"-: j ,;:,-; ::: 

The Missionary Visitor 


Volume XX 

MARCH, 1918 

Number 3 


"And Philip ran to him and heard him 
reading Isaiah the prophet, and said, Under- 
standest thou what thou readest? And he 
said, How can I, except some one shall 
guide me? And he besought Philip to come 
up and sit with him." 

Here was a man who was diligently seek- 
ing for the truth. He was reading a good 
Book, but he clearly admitted his inability 
to understand it. Philip was the man sent, 
admission of a need was made, guidance 
was desired, and way was made for the 
teacher who could reveal, and instruct and 
guide. ~4-^g. 

We would not say that heathendom is 
like an open book, nor altogether like a 
crumbling tower, nor altogether conscious 
of its supreme need, but we would say 
that those who carry the good news to them 
find the door of opportunity wide open, 
their hearts receptive, and their homes, 
humble though they be, open and hospi- 
table. ^_^ 

"By hearing ye shall hear and shall in 
no wise understand; and seeing ye shall 
see, and shall in no wise perceive: for this 
people's heart is waxed gross, and their 
ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they 
have closed; lest haply they should per- 
ceive with their eyes, and hear with their 
ears, and understand with their heart, and 
should turn again and I should heal them." 

The scripture just quoted, however, 
contains rather a fearful veiled indictment 
of those who should be keen and alive to 
the purposes and pleas of the Heavenly 
Father. When people of our own land, well 
fed and warm, prosperous and comfortable, 
healthy and^ protected, are blind and deaf 
and dumb to all that the Father desires of 
His children, our hearts should beat in pity 
for those who would like to hear and would 
like to see and would like to witness for 

Him who had compassion upon the aimless 
multitudes. ^ v 

Shall we say that our people are troubled 
with spiritual deafness and blindness? Nay, 
rather it is dullness of comprehension — a 
trouble that is more of a sin than a malady. 
Drowsiness in the presence of the Father 
can hardly be excused; blindness to the 
fields white unto the harvest cannot be 
condoned; deafness to the heathen's 
appeal cannot be legitimatized into a rea- 
sonable excuse. 

We saw a young man in our college days 
who came to visit a friend in school, who 
was at the moment studying the amoeba 
under a high-powered lens. As the visitor 
was told the student's occupation a look of 
doubt and scorn mingled in the man's 
face. Upon being invited to see the little 
animals whose acquaintance can be formed 
only through a microscope he was afraid 
he would see what he did riot believe 
existed. " Their eyes they have closed, lest 
haply they should perceive with their 
eyes." And folks have a habit of shutting 
their eyes when the scenes of heathendom 
are brought to them. Since they do not see, 
such things do not exist. Q. E. D. 

Prosperity is too often accepted like an 
inheritance — as something that invites lux- 
ury, shiftlessness and extravagance. It is 
eagerly, though usually, thanklessly re- 
ceived. Prosperity is a challenge to Chris- 
tian men. Just now our country is inflated 
with a prosperity that constitutes an im- 
perative call to use it for the amelioration 
of the sufferings of mankind in every coun- 
try of the world. We are confronted with a 
wealth that can mean our salvation or our 
national ruin. < ((((( 

A worker, writing recently in the mis- 
sionary organ, Darkness and Light, says: 
"A short while ago I had a visit from a 


The Missionary Visitor 


wealthy old man who had always avoided 
a personal talk, but who now came as I 
was giving his son a word of warning re- 
garding his quarrel with another young 
man. The old man spoke of the want of 
harmony in his home, and then, almost 
against his own will, he made confession. 
'No peace,' he said. 'Forty long years have 
I sought peace. The burden has been more 
than I can bear. At nights I cannot sleep; 
my body seems on fire. A fever takes hold 
of me and I leave the house, seeking some 
place under the open sky. I pray, but I get 
no rest. I have done all that I can; what 
more can I do?' He assented to all that we 
said, but his is too proud a nature to accept 
the gift of salvation from One Who is 
despised by men who know Him not." 

Did you get it figured out correctly, 
brother, for the income tax man? Then by 
simply dividing the sum by ten you can 
easily compute the Lord's tithe. No trouble 
at all — the income tax man required it, and 
he deserves your thanks for removing the 
bogey that has kept you from giving the 
Lord His dues all these years — the thought 
that you would be unable to figure it out 
right. Go around now and thank the man 
again, and then go over to the Lord's 
treasury and deal rightly with Him. 

A good sister asks where she shall order 
her mission study books. We rise once 
more, after a hard winter's campaign of 
disseminating the same information, to say 
that the books should be ordered from the 
Brethren Publishing House, and all re- 
quests for information pertaining to the 
course should be sent direct to the General 
Mission Board. While we two live in the 
same building we are different folks after 

Arrangements have been perfected where- 
by the Protestant Mission Boards of 
China, together with the various Christian 
Literature and Tract Societies of that 
country, will handle their literature on a 
cooperative basis, in so far as it can be 
done. This will further assist the Chinese 
mind to grasp the fact that Protestant 
bodies can work together harmoniously, 
even in such essentials as literature. 

Where would you go to find the largest 
Sunday-school in the world? To London? 
Or Chicago? Or New York? Rather you 
would be asked to take a trip down the 
west coast of Africa to the Kamerun country 
and journey inland for more than one hun- 
dred miles to Elat, a mission station under 
the Presbyterian Board. This station we 
are told has a Sunday-school of 21,000. 

There are said to be more than sixteen 
hundred hospitals and more than five hun- 
dred doctors in China. Thre are enough 
doctors in Brooklyn, New York, alone to 
replace all these in China and leave six 
hundred for Brooklyn. If we were provided 
with medical skill in the same proportion 
as China, we would have only eighty doc- 
tors in the whole United States. Where is 
the field of greatest opportunity for the 
graduate physician? 

Dr. Robert F. Horton very suggestively 
says that "God is not the autocrat of the 
human heart, but the elected President of 
the soul's republic." We confess we dislike 
the term autocrat applied in any sense these 
days, much less to our kind heavenly Father. 
But He is the tender Shepherd, the One 
Who bids us go out, but lo, the One Who 
goes before us and is with us always, even 
unto the end of the world. 

Dull of comprehension, do you ask re- 
garding the heathen? Surely they could not 
be expected to be as keen and alert in 
mental processes as an American school- 
boy. A teacher in China, writing to an 
exchange, says that after the third day's 
teaching the simplest Bible truths, only one 
little girl out of her school of women and 
girls was able to give anything like a cor- 
rect answer to her question. But what else 
could be expected when their ancestry has 
been steeped in ignorance, superstition and 
sensuality? The wonder of it all, the miracle 
of it all, lies in the fact that they can 
finally be taught, and that from the ranks 
of the heathen of yesterday we find today 
men keen in perception, rich in spiritual 
experience and alive to the call of the 
Master in their lives. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The American Bible Society, from May 
1 to Dec. 31, 1917, printed and sent* out for 
distribution 1,232,463 Testaments, specially 
bound and suited for our soldiers and 
sailors. The society is endeavoring to raise 
$400,000 to put a khaki-bound Testament in 
every soldier's kit. No man should be 
denied this one Book which will afford him 
lasting comfort in his tasks wherein he 
daily faces death. ^_>- 

Dr. Robert E. Speer not long ago said in 
one of his masterful addresses: "If ever 
there was a time when selfishness in indi- 
viduals or nations appeared insufferable it 
is now, when we see almost every people 
in the world lifting up its hand and asking 
for sympathy and help. We today are not 
reduced to the call of one man in a dream 
at night. We see whole races of men lifting 
up their hands in appeal, and anyone who 
has ears to hear can hear across the land 
and across the seas their cry for help — and 
help now." Stupendous needs will call for 
stupendous giving. 

For several months the secretary of our 
Board has been endeavoring to awaken in 
our pastors a sense of the value of mis- 
sionary literature suitable for helps in the 
preparation of sermons. Four booklets of 
forty pages each, under the title, "Mission- 
ary Ammunition," have been sent out at 
different times, but they have been sent 
only on request. So little response has been 
felt that the practice of sending them out 
is to be discontinued. A number of each of 
these issues is yet available and the entire 
set will be sent upon request. 

It is not too early to begin to think of 
the Hershey Conference offering. Pastors 
can do well to begin to make plans early 
for what we believe will be our largest 
offering thus far. Any assistance that the 
mission rooms can give is at the disposal 
of any who may call. 

"I have sometimes heard pastors of small 
churches excuse themselves from inciting 
their people to foreign missionary zeal on 
the ground that their churches are small 
and that their own position was humble 
and obscure. Many of our pastors always 
will be obscure and their churches poor, for 

the simple reason that they do not, or will 
not, discharge the high calling of mission- 
ary bishops and train and guide their peo- 
ple to take part in the evangelization of the 
world." — Pentecost. 

With February the Board's fiscal year 
will close and soon we shall know the con- 
dition of our mission treasury. Expenses 
have been high the past year, rates of ex- 
change on money to our workers have been 
exceedingly unsatisfactory, and we are 
especially anxious to know how our finances 

Oftentimes we have inquiries from those 
who have surplus Sunday-school picture 
rolls and cards. If any of these should see 
these lines and will send their pictures 
to Sister Nettie M. Senger, Liao Chou, 
Shansi, China, the gifts will be put to 
splendid use. The postage rate is the same 
as though they were sent to Elgin. If the 
package is small, send to address above; but 
if package contains as much as a picture 
roll, send as follows: "Nettie M. Senger, 
American Board Mission, Business Depart- 
ment, Tien Tsin, China." All packages to 
all missionaries should be addressed thus. 

The historic Moody church, in which 
many missionaries to many lands have 
been consecrated for service, has been sold 
to the Moody Bible Institute, an entirely 
separate organization. A larger Moody 
church will be erected and the splendid 
growing institution will have increased 
facilities. It is no small pleasure to record 
the prosperity and growth of the institu- 
tions set for the advancement of evangelical 



Dr. Edgar Whitaker Work, in the Conti- 
nent, says that one might easily write a 
new set of Beatitudes for the churches, and 
suggests these: 

Blessed is the man whose calendar con- 
tains prayer meeting night. 

Blessed is the man who is faithful on a 

Blessed is the man who will not strain 
at a drizzle and swallow a downpour. 

Blessed is the man who can endure an 
hour and a quarter in a place of worship, 
as well as two hours and a half in a place 
of amusement. 


The Missionary Visitor 





y . 

Some Thoughts on the Two Calls for Volunteers 

i Ezra D. Kinzie 

TODAY on every hand we see the call 
for volunteers to serve our country. 
In the papers, on the billboards, on 
every hand we are reminded that the coun- 
try wants recruits for the army and navy, 
to take up the sword in the greatest conflict 
in human history. But we must not stop 
to discuss any phase of this present awful 
conflict,-* except as it relates to the other 
great call of which we wish to speak, and 
especially since obedience to this other call 
is the one and only solution of the great 
problem of war, and the only means by 
which the world shall obtain those prin- 
ciples of peace and human brotherhood as 
taught by our Master. 

The man who obeys the call to carnal 
warfare receives the praise of men. He 
perchance may have a marble shaft erected 
to his memory for some special feat of 
bravery. Some fathers and mothers are 
proud to have a son die wielding a bayonet. 
He who refuses the call is denounced as a 
slacker. Popular opinion agrees in calling 
the slacker a disgrace to his country. Young 
men dread the stigma of that word "slack- 

But in order to study another type of 
slackers we must come to our main story. 

Nineteen hundred years ago the Son of 
God appeared upon the earth in human 
flesh — He Who had formed the worlds. 
The psalmist, in contemplating the majesty 
of God, says: "What is man that Thou art 
mindful of him?" What is the explanation 
of this marvelous condescension? It was 
given that memorable night when the great 
Teacher said to His pupil, Nicodemus, those 
precious words: "For God so loved the 
world that He gave His only begotten Son, 
that whosoever believeth on Him should 
not perish, but have eternal life." 

Love was the secret. This same love cul- 
minated in the death upon the cross, where 
He purchased salvation for you and me and 
all mankind. But some means must be 
provided to give the message to dying men. 
Dear reader, note this fact as given by a 
missionary speaker* at the Kansas City 
Convention: "There are so many villages 
in India alone, that had our Lord given 
only one day to each village in India and 

*Rev. Kinsolving, from Brazil. 


The Missionary Visitor 


worked every day of every year from His 
ascension into heaven unto the present time, 
He would not have gone around all of the 
villages of India." So, my brother and sis- 
ter, this is one of the reasons why Paul 
says, " He hath committed unto us the 
words of reconciliation." 

The call of Matt. 28: 19 is as urgent to- 
day as when first uttered. We are pray- 
ing every day that this cruel war in Europe 
will soon be over. It horrifies us, but 
seemingly we have, become used to seeing 
souls pass into eternity without having 
heard the gospel message. Oh, why do we 
feel so indifferent to the dying millions of 
China, of India, of Africa, of South Amer- 
ica and the islands of the sea, and at our 
doors? Can we be content to enjoy the rich 
showers of blessings, both temporal and 
spiritual, that are being sent upon us with- 
out sharing them with those who are not 
so blessed? There are no people more fa- 
vored than members of our beloved Broth- 
erhood, and, brother or sister, your re- 
sponsibility and my responsibility are com- 
mensurate with these blessings. We have 
the light, we have the money. Each of us 
will some day meet his great Captain and 
render an account of his service. We may 
think of ourselves as having but one talent, 
but we do not know what God can work 
through us if we are entirely surrendered 
to Him. 

Let us consider Paul for a moment. Oh, 
that we could surrender our lives as he did! 
" I am ready not to be bound only, but also 
to die at Jerusalem for the name of the 
Lord Jesus" (Acts 21: 13b). Pause and 
think a moment of Paul refusing to obey 
the call. Would it have made a difference 
in church history? Will it make a differ- 
ence if we refuse? Let not Satan deceive 
us by saying God can find some one else 
to take our place. He cannot. We have 
our wills; we are free moral agents, and 
God does and will use every one of us to 
the fullest extent that our lives are sur- 
rendered to Him. We cannot possibly 
know how God may use our weak talents if 
wholly submitted to Him. Paul went 
ahead, little realizing the great work he was 
doing. His Master, the great Chief Cap- 
tain, looked down through the centuries 
and saw you and me reading and loving 

the epistles of Paul. He saw the precious 
messages He was giving through His great 
apostle being translated into hundreds of 
languages for all of the nations of the earth; 
and He used Paul much because he was 
usable. But this humble " bondservant," 
or slave of Jesus Christ as he calls 
himself, never thought or dreamed that 
one of his epistles or letters would live 
beyond his own generation. He was simply 
writing words of counsel and encourage- 
ment to the brethren and sisters in the 
various churches that had accepted the mes- 
sage of salvation under his humble preach- 
ing. It was because Paul could say, " I 
have fought a good fight," that he could 
follow with those words: "Henceforth there 
is laid up for me the crown of righteous- 
ness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, 
shall give to me at that day [dear brother 
and sister, is the rest of the message to 
you and me?], and not to me only, but also 
to all them that have loved his appear- 

If we have neglected opportunities of 
service, if we have withheld our money, if 
we have used our talents for self aggran- 
dizement — in short, if we have been slackers, 
will we dare love the appearing of our Chief 
Captain? If Satan tries to make slackers 
of us by saying we are too weak to cope 
with the tremendous obstacles in the way, 
we will quote the " Lo, I am with you " 
part of the call. There's our whole secret 
of power. 

With two-edged sword (our Master's Word) 
We'll battle for our blessed Lord, 
And where'er the call shall be to go, 
We'll hasten front to meet the foe. 

Our hate is strong toward wrong and sin, 
But we'll ever love our fellow-men; 
We'll ever plead our Master's cause, 
And tell mankind His righteous laws. 

His kingdom in our hearts is prime — 
All else He'll add in proper time (Matt. 6: 

Our purpose, then, on hill or plain, 
Is to extend Immanuel's reign. 

Elizabethtown, Pa. 


The Missionary Visitor 
As Father Time Would Have It 

The Editor 


THE other day as we wandered 
through the columns of the "old 
home paper," pausing here and 
there to recall some forgotten incident that 
an unexpected name had fastened in our 
nemory, our eyes rested upon some 
: amiliar lines that a country newspaper in 
February usually contains. It was the 
quarter-page advertisement showing that 
John Willard was to haye a sale in the near 
future. Oh, yes, I remember. That is Uncie 
John of my boyhood. Selling out! Well! 
What is he going to do? Hastily reviewing 
he locals we find that John Willard has 
bought the town property at the corner of 
Sixth and Maple. Then we understand. 

It has been some years since we knew 
Uncle John.. We did not realize it then, but 
now we remember that when we left the 
)ld neighborhood he vas nearing his three- 
score years. Ten have been added since 
we saw him last and Uncle John has become 
an old man. February is the month for 
sales, you know, and father is too old to 
work any longer, so Frank will operate 
the farm while father moves to town where 
he can take things "easy." 

The background of that sale bill dis- 
plays the past in such vivid detail to the 
one who understands. The pioneer, the 
early struggle, fatherhood, prosperity and 
passing years; age and a comfortable bank 
account have grown together. 

Now we see Uncle John in town. The 
strain of moving is over and he wonders 
what to do. His life has been a busy one. 
Those old muscles, tingling with the breath 
of spring, cannot be stilled; to rest is to 
grow tired; they hunger for the luxury of 
labor. The transition from 160 acres to a 
lot 50x120 feet has been too sudden. Uncle 
John can think of nothing to do, except to 
cultivate a habit of sitting around. And this 
habit thrives best in those who give it in- 
tensive cultivation in early life. In these 
days they are even spared the rich privi- 
lege of " going up after the mail." 

We see in the coming years that Uncle 
John ages rapidly. The heavy step gives 
way to a stooping gait, reinforced with a 

cane. He is making friends with Father 
Time. They pass on together. 

But there are others who simply will 
not grow old. Their years rest lightly. Their 
interests are more than time and money; 
their thoughts are of others. Excepting in 
planting and haying and harvesting these 
have had time for the dear Old Book, and 
books, and papers and magazines. Nor did 
the pressing needs of the farm ever stop 
them from lending a helping hand, day or 
night, in sunshine and storm, to the sick 
and the widow and the orphan. 

It is idle to attach the term "superannu- 
ation " to such as these; they have simply 
changed occupations when they moved to the 
neighboring town and close to the church. 
To be sure, their tasks are changed, the 
same as often happens eve:, lii active years. 
Arduous labor has given way to milder 
tasks, physically, but this has liberated mind 
and spirit for that rich, joyous exercise to 
which, by all the laws of life, the older one 
is entitled — a communion with the Father, 
close and priceless, and a fellowship which 
is at the same time active and worth while. 
The best of books can be purchased for a 
trifle. A share in the needs of mankind, a 
keen interest in the affairs of the world, a 
freer expression for those in dire distress, 
and a hand and heart of charity reinforced 
by kindness and sympathy, bring the rich 
and poor, saint and sinner, child and adult 
to one's door in comradeship and love. 
Some of earth's most beloved folks have 
discovered the secret of true happiness only 
after they thought their years had disquali- 
fied them for service. 

We presume that such an old age as this 
must be prepared for, just as necessarily 
as to provide a bank account and a couple 
of extra farms. Banks care only for the 
physical, and send men to a retired life 
prematurely. Mental exercise all through 
the younger years will make old age seem 
short; a godly life, and liberal withal 
through the twenties and the thirties and 
the forties and the fifties, will fill the store- 
house full, for the spiritual joy and happi- 
ness of the sixties and the seventies, yes — 


The Missionary Visitor 


and eternity. The body 'may grow weary, 
the mind may not be so alert as in younger 
days, but the spirit in communion with God 
may be all the richer because of threescore 
and ten years of right living and right act- 
ing and right thinking. 

We younger folks ought to be a bit more 
mindful of these passing years. It is not 
necessary to think of approaching age, but 
rather of honestly, conscientiously perform- 
ing the duty at hand in such a way that the 
world will be richer thereby. And having 
done this, when old age overtakes us we 

may have yet before us an objective which 
will enable us to retain our independence 
and joy of living. 

We trust that our brethren, who are 
"moving to town" with the coming of the 
robin this spring, will not feel they are 
laid "on the shelf," but rather that they 
will embrace this experience as a change of 
occupation, affording them opportunity for 
a closer partnership with God in praying, 
planning, working and giving for the exten- 
sion of His kingdom unto the uttermost 
parts of the earth. 

Benefits Derived From Mission Study 

Ryntha Shelly 

THERE are three ways of diffusing 
missionary information in use at 
the present time; the missionary 
meeting, the reading of missionary litera- 
ture, and the mission study class; and the 
greatest of these is the study class. 

The missionary meeting is, and ever will 
be, the best agency for reaching large num- 
bers and sowing broadcast the seeds of 
missionary enthusiasm and knowledge. But 
the information presented is, almost of 
necessity, fragmentary and incomplete. The 
knowledge thereby gained is likely to be 
acquired by the few who take part, rather 
than by the meeting as a whole. The read- 
ing of missionary literature' is, in some 
respects, better than the missionary meet- 
ing, but it is defective, in that it requires 
but little exercise of the mental faculties, 
and fails to stimulate individual research. 
The knowledge gained seldom makes a 
lasting impression on the mind. The mission 
study class stands prominent, in that it 
requires systematic study on the part 
of every member of the class. Its 
great value lies in the fact that it»possesses 
the rare quality of producing missionary 
leaders. Some one has called it the "best 
of all manufactories of missionary workers," 
and such, indeed, it has proved to be wher- 
ever it has been tried, and under favorable 
circumstances. The quantity of seed sown 
is not so great as in the missionary meeting, 
but a larger proportion bears fruit. If a 
church lacks missionary leaders — where is 
the church that does not? — the best remedy 
is to organize a study class, not to take the 

place of the missionary meeting, but a 
larger proportion bears fruit. If a church 
lacks missionary leaders — where is the 
church that does not? — the best remedy is 
to organize a study class, not to take the 
place of the missionary meeting, but to sup- 
plement it. 

Mission study will make better Bible stu- 
dents. It has led many to a realization of 
the value of a human soul. Christ's prime 
purpose in coming into the world was to 
"seek and save the lost." We can find in 
God's Word many missionary texts, which, 
if we are open to the truth, will lead us all 
to want to give the Gospel to every creature 
and to sow the good seed in every land; for 
the field is the world, and it is our duty and 
privilege to sow the seed beside all waters. 
We have the promise that God will yield 
the increase, for He has said, "My word 
shall not return unto Me void." 

A student who has studied missions says: 
"The success of the work in foreign lands, 
and the beautiful Christian lives produced, 
have all been to us a strong present-day 
proof of the living power of the Gospel." 
Another says: "By contrast with heathen 
religions the blessings of the Gospel are 
made clearer, gratitude engendered, and a 
deeper interest in lost souls awakened." 

As a result of mission study young men 
and women have already sailed for the 
field, while others are preparing for service, 
either at home or abroad. 

From direct knowledge it is known that 
missionary gifts are increased through mis- 
sionary education. 

The Missionary Visitor 


The study of missions gives a knowledge 
of depraved and hopeless conditions of the 
heathen, and this will create a desire within 
us to serve them in whatever way the Lord 
directs. It leads to a better knowledge of 
the vastness of the field, and how self- 
sacrificing men and women left the home- 
land and friends and relatives to carry the 
Gospel into a sin-darkened land, at the risk 
of life. 

It gives a broader knowledge of mis- 
sionary lands and is a real intellectual stim- 
ulus. Our visions will be broadened in every 
way. It also gives a more comprehensive 
knowledge of other religions and a better 
preparation to bring missions to the atten- 
tion of others. 

And further, it gives a definite idea of 
the foreign element in our country, and the 
need of immediate work, and a definite 
knowledge of facts, where before we may 
have had a vague idea, and from this definite 
knowledge a sense of responsibility is 

Mission study will give a deeper, wider 
and more loving sympathy for all men. It 
will help us to learn to love all humanity 
as brothers, regardless of color, religion, 
belief or race. It will enrich our spiritual 
life, and will give us a deeper prayer life and 
a knowledge of how to pray for heathen 

people, and also will teach us the value of 
prayer for specific things. 

Again, it gives a better understanding and 
a fairer appreciation of the missionaries, 
and a new vision of the different qualities 
of men that have been heroes for Christ. It 
teaches us to look at the work of a mis- 
sionary in a different way. He becomes not 
a being working in an imaginary field, but 
a man doing definite Christian work among 
a real people. 

Furthermore, it will give a larger appre- 
ciation of the privileges and blessings of 
this country, and a definite, personal re- 
sponsibility to pray, to give and to go, when 
we know and understand God's will. 

I have given a catalogue of benefits de- 
rived from the study of missions, and I am 
sure it will do the same for all who will 
take up the work. 

Do not say you do not have time to 
study missions. Why not venture giving a 
little more time to God and to the study of 
His faithful followers, and see if He will 
not bless you more. You will then under- 
stand more fully the "Go ye" commission, 
and be better fitted for service when the 
Lord's call comes to you, to enter the 
whitened fields to gather the harvest of 

A Frontier in the Middle of the Brotherhood 

Wm. J. Tinkle 

SOUTHERN Indiana is not a frontier 
field in .the sense that work is just 
now being started here. Mission work 
was begun back in the days of our grand- 
fathers, when consecrated ministers rode 
horseback by twos to preach the Gospel 
in new places. Those were untiring serv- 
ants of the cross, and they did their work 
well, but when they passed to their reward 
their methods were discontinued and we of 
the younger generation have not applied 
our modern methods of mission work very 
effectively. As a result the work in many 
places has never developed beyond the 
frontier stage. 

If I should find any fault with the breth- 
ren who started the work it would be that 
they were too big hearted. They met their 

own expenses, and often would take nothing 
even as a gift. No doubt they were merely 
trying to avoid the thoughts of a salaried 
ministry. But some of their converts con- 
strued their teaching to mean that they did 
not need to give anything to the Lord's 
cause. Since they have come under the care 
of the Mission Board they like to lean upon 
that body and upon the richer churches. 
However, we do not wish to find fault with 
the ministers who started this work. If 
their converts had accepted all their teach- 
ings as readily as they did this one, they 
would be stronger Christians. 

Let us look at one of our mission points 
which, in some respects, is typical of the 
others. There are about forty members, but 
they are badly scattered. There are a faith- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ful few who keep up the Sunday-school and 
preaching services, and the others do very- 
little; partly, no doubt, because no one 
places the work upon them. While the 
preaching services are not regular and the 
churchhouse is far from being in good re- 
pair, the meetings are well attended. There 
are many children in the neighborhood and 
they like to go to Sundayschool. Yet there 
are but few dependable workers and no 
leader at all. This is their greatest need. 

The people live in a simple way, many of 
them in log cabins. They are very much 
pleased to have the minister come into their 
homes. Some ministers working in the 
locality stop at only a few homes. Then the 
other people feel that the minister does not 
care to visit them because they are too poor 
or do not belong to his church. They may 
be mistaken, but ministers should be so 
friendly that there will be no room for this 

This church is a long way from any other 
Brethren congregation, and the members 
do not receive our church papers. Knowing 
nothing of the conditions elsewhere some 
think the church is going down and there 
is no use to take hold to help it. This feel- 
ing is being overcome now, since interest 
is reviving. If they had an active pastor to 
give inspiration and to live the Christian 
life among them a great work could be 
done. What minister will heed the call and 
locate in this needy field? Who are the 
workers who will give of their means to 
support this blessed work? 

The foregoing describes conditions as 
they have been in the past. Recently, how- 
ever, several have been added by baptism. 
They have begun to repair their church- 
house and the membership is more united. 
We see no reason why these should not do 
as well as our most prosperous mission 
points, two of which were placed upon their 
own resources lately. 

After we have helped struggling missions 
like this to become active churches, then we 
can begin the real mission work — that of 
evangelizing those who have never heard the 
whole Gospel. We have a big field. The 
writer and wife rode all day on a train in 
Southern Indiana and passed through only 
one county where a church of the Brethren 
is located, and that church is not a flourish- 

ing one. In many places other denomina- 
tions are very inactive. Let us go into this 
work with more intelligence and zeal, and 
great results will follow. 

If any one wishes to help in this work, 
write to J. A. Miller, Gaston, Ind., who is 
secretary of the Mission Board. 

R. R. 8, Greencastle, Ind. 

An exchange tells of a church at Airin, 
Japan, which at one time seemed about 
dead, there being only twelve members re- 
maining. But these twelve got to work. 
Fifty copies of a religious paper were pur- 
chased. Each Sunday afternoon was devoted 
to house-to-house work, and the papers dis- 
tributed. The next week fifty new copies 
were left and the old ones passed on to 
fifty more families. Every visit meant a 
personal invitation to attend services. The 
preaching place was filled with hearers, and 
the meetings had to be repeated two and 
sometimes three times a night to allow the 
people to hear the Word. Such a method 
could be successfully employed in the 
homeland, if our people willed, and we be- 
lieve with like results. 

Some time ago an afflicted sister, who 
calls herself "a lonely shut-in," sent in her 
Christmas offering to us and with it a little 
poem that was touching. We love the words 
of this selected poem, but they are especially 
sweetened by the fact that one whose days 
are so full of pain should select such lines: 

"Sad heart, sad heart, 
Cease thy repining. 
The clouds though dark, 
Have silver lining. 

"Thou mayst have lost 
All that seems dear. 
Thy soul may faint 
With doubt and fear. 

"Yet know, O heart, 
God's guiding will 
Is round about 

His children still." 


The Missionary Visitor 
A Call to Higher Patriotism 

Frances Prowant 


THE work of God is prospered through 
the influence of one " God-directed 
life " over another; by one imparting 
to another the love of Christ that he has 
received into his life. It is with this thought 
that we wish to convey to others something 
of the inspiration which we recently re- 
ceived at the Conference of the Student Vol- 
unteer Union of Chicago and vicinity, held 
at Elmhurst, 111. 

We feel wonderfully blessed for having 
been privileged to attend the conference, 
and as a Volunteer Band for having been 
represented there. What a manifestation of 
God's love and power was shown! If man 
will but respond to His call! Not only did 
those leaders, in whose lives we could see 
the comradeship of the Holy. One, inspire 
us, but to look upon that band of volunteers, 
who have consecrated their lives to the 
Master, was to beckon us on to serve Him 
and Him only. 

Though many have responded, we are far 
short of workers sufficient to supply the 
needs of the fields all over the world, whose 
doors are thrown wide open. So it is that 
we send the appeal on to others, to touch 
their hearts as ours have been touched. 

These are extraordinary times, and surely 
it is now that Christ wants to do extraor- 
dinary things. Does He not depend upon 
you and me to help Him in this work? 
Think of the nations at war, of the thou- 
sands and thousands of men who are 
laying down their" lives. If you and 
I escape from that call is it not for 
some purpose? Are we making our 
life plans worthy of the blood that is 
being shed for us? Are we meeting the 
responsibility that is placed upon us in this 
day — the greatest that we have ever known? 

Our watchword is " The Evangelization 
of the World in This Generation." It is said 
that it would take but five cents a day for 
every Christian, and one Christian from 
every thousand, to evangelize those remain- 
ing in darkness. Is it possible to do it in 
this generation? It is. But we need the 
support of Christ's whole force. He came 
to save the whole world. Can we be content 

to withhold from those in darkness the light 
that we have received? 

"Today is the day of God's power; it 
demands a revival in the church, it is a 
crisis in missions and is the decisive hour," 
said Mr. Murray. While this great war is 
raging among the nations, missionary work 
is the battle of the great King. The mission 
line must be held steady with the very best 
of men and women. Posts are vacant in 
mission stations because men have been 
called to the colors. Thousands of heathen 
and native Christians are now left without 
shepherds. In China there are millions grop- 
ing without leaders. In India one hundred 
and fifty thousand, begging for the saving 
grace of Christ, were refused baptism by the 
Methodist missions because they had neither 
the workers nor the money. The people 
of Africa say they will tell our God on us 
bcause we do not give them the light they 
are seeking. Seventy-three per cent of the 
world's people are in the darkness of Christ- 
less religions. 

The problem of evangelizing the non- 
Christian world is not so much a problem 
in the heathen lands. The difficulties there 
can be met; but it is a problem in the home 
churches of awakening the people to work. 
The Boards are much in need of money, 
but it is more difficult to get men and 

While the world at this time is passing 
through an hour of the greatest gloom, it is 
also passing through an hour of its greatest 
opportunity among non-Christian peoples. 
Our Christ is on trial in the world. Are we 
willing to go with Him and serve Him even 
unto victory? Are we meeting the responsi- 
bility that is placed upon us? May God help 
each man and woman to do our " best," not 
only our " bit," for when each ones does his 
best, and not until then, will " God's will " 
be done on earth. 

Mt. Morris College Volunteer Band. 

There are more ordained ministers in the 
State of Iowa than in all South America, 
with Mexico and Central America added. — 
World Outlook. 


The Missionary Visitor 
The Demonstration at Umvoti 


From " The Lure of Africa," by Dr. Cornelius 
H. Patton. Published by the Missionary Edu- 
cation Movement. 

IN a trip which carried me through im- 
portant sections of South Africa I was 
much favored in an early experience 
which enabled me to estimate the possibili- 
ties and values of the missionary work in 
practical as well as spiritual ways. It was 
at Umvoti in Natal, a station of the Ameri- 
can Board of Commissioners for Foreign 
Missions, where work had been carried on 
for many years. A reception in my honor 
had been arranged in the large stone 
church, and as I approached the building I 
was wondering what impression would be 
made upon me by a Christian congregation 
after the scenes of pagan degradation 
which I had witnessed in other parts of the 
continent. Entering by the pulpit door, with 
a missionary who was to act as my inter- 
preter, I found myself looking into the 
faces of an African congregation which 
completely filled the church. They were 
divided, the men to the left of the center aisle, 
the women to the right. All were neatly 
clothed, the men with trousers, coats, shirts, 
collars, and even a few neckties; the women 
in well-laundered calicoes and wearing sun- 
bonnets of brilliant hues. There was perfect 
decorum, as in an American church; their 
faces indicated earnestness and intelligence; 
the impression was of a congregation not 
only civilized but educated and prosperous. 
To look upon that throng was in itself a 
demonstration of the value of missions. 

Finally, my eyes dropped to the seats im- 
mediately in front of the pulpit, and there I 
beheld a row of the nakedest, the dirtiest, 
the most unutterable pagans I had ever 
seen. They stretched from one wall to the 
other, the men on the left, the women on 
the right. The men were nude, save for a 
bunch of monkey-tails hung at the loins 
and a headdress of feathers which gave 
them a peculiarly weird appearance. Each 
man carried a spear. The women — how can 
I make my readers see those women? About 
their shoulders they wore a cloth which 
was saturated with red clay and grease. 
Their hair was done up also in clay and 
grease and hung in snakelike strings to 
the level of the tip of the nose. Their wild 
eyes peered out from among these strings 

like the eyes of a French poodle. They were 
all of one color — skin, clothes, and hair. 
They were of the earth, earthy. They looked 
as if they had just been created by being 
pushed up through the mud. I had seen 
many savages, but none like these. 

While I was wondering what brought 
these creatures into this decent assembly, 
the native chief came forward and made 
all clear. The chief was garbed like a city 
gentleman, long black coat, starched shirt, 
and all the paraphernalia of civilization, 
with not a detail omitted, even to the neck- 
tie pin. He was a Christian and a highly 
prosperous man, being the owner of a 
sugar-cane plantation. It seems he had set 
this scene for my special benefit. In his 
Zulu head he had thought out a scheme by 
which this American visitor should get an 
idea of what the missionaries had been 
about. Turning to the row of heathen men 
he commanded in a loud voice, "Stand up!" 
and up they got, spears in hand, a danger- 
ous looking bunch. Turning to the women, 
in a still louder voice he commanded, 
"Stand up I" and up they got. Then turning 
to me he said, "Mfundisi [teacher], take a 
good look at these people." And I did; I 
took them all in — through more than one 
of my senses. The chief continued: "These 
are heathen, as you see, just like the wild 
beasts; and, Mfundisi, we want you to know 
that all of us people [he waved his arm im- 
pressively across the congregation] were 
once like that, just like the wild beasts, until 
Mr. and Mrs. Grout came among us to live. 
And, Mfundisi, we want you to know what 
a great change has come over us Zulus, and 
we want you to know how grateful we 
are to those who sent Mr. and Mrs. Grout 
and the other missionaries who have lived 
among us; and, Mfundisi, when you go back 
to your people over the seas, we want you 
to tell them what a change has come over 
us and how grateful we are." 

Was there ever a better speech or dem- 
onstration made in behalf of foreign mis- 
sions? There was not another word to be 
said or thought on the subject. It was 
staring you in the face. In my response I 
said: "Chief, if I could take you and this 
row of heathen men and women with me to 

(Continued on Page 99) 

92 The Missionary Visitor March 

The Bitter Cry of the World for Christian Doctors 

S. Earl Taylor in World Outlook 

WE were dwellers in tents, living among the Arabs on the border of the 
Arabian Desert, in a land where modern principles of hygiene and sani- 
tation are absolutely unknown, and where no doctor is to be found 
within ten days' journey. 

In the morning and in the evening a group of suffering people would stand 
by our tent door. Some were afflicted with the toothache. Some had terrible 
running sores. One had an especially repulsive case of cancer. Many had 
sore eyes. 

A woman came with a hand which evidently was in the first stages of 
blood poisoning. The hand was wrapped in a filthy rag, and had not been 
cleansed for days. 

I shall never forget the feeling of hopelessness that was forced upon me 
when those poor, suffering people stood before us appealing for help, and we 
were without medical training or medical supplies. I said: "Oh, for a hospital 
and a doctor and trained nurses in a place like this!" 

I was traveling in Mexico. Typhus fever was a scourge. We were warned 
before crossing the lines to take special precautions. In one city the popu- 
lation had been reduced from ninety-seven thousand to ten thousand in the 
course of a year by disease and the scourge of war. At times the dead were 
piled up outside the city limits, without help enough to bury them. 

I saw towns and cities that had been devastated by typhus, typhoid and 
other preventable diseases, and yet no adequate steps were being taken for the 
necessary sanitation to prevent these diseases or for the relief of the people 
who were suffering and dying. 

I was traveling in India. Our train stopped at night in a great city, and 
above the noise of the city could be heard the plaintive "Ram, Ram, Ram" of 
the Hindu as he called upon his god, and the "Allah, Allah, Allah" of the 
Mohammedan as he called upon the prophet. It was a wail of woe, and I was 
told that thousands of people in that part of India were dying of the bubonic 

I stopped in one of the large cities in India at a time when hotels and 
boarding houses were very crowded. I was put in a room which, strangely 
enough, was vacant, and I found that two days before a man had died of 
smallpox in that room, and the room had not been disinfected. I rode to the 
station in a carriage in which a smallpox patient had been taken to the 
hospital just before I called upon the driver. 

I have traveled among people who represent half of the human race, who 
are living and dying without any adequate knowledge of hygiene, sanitation 
or medical relief, and I have prayed God that in some way the church might 
be aroused to some sense of its responsibility for the people, and especially 
the children, who are dying from preventable causes in greater numbers than 
the numbers of those who are slain on the battlefields of Europe. 

The Christian church that places a hospital in a strategic center in the 
mission field is not only preparing the way for an appreciation on the part of 
the people of a heaven which is to come, but it is actually ushering in a new 
heaven here upon the earth. 


The Missionary Visitor 



I. S. Long 


OF old, God was "enthroned (margin) 
upon the praises of Israel" (Psa 22: 
3). In short, this may be interpreted 
to mean that all effectual prayer is or may 
be accompanied with praise for the answer 
to the prayer just offered in His name. In- 
deed, we actually should praise God before- 
hand for having heard us, and act on the 
assumption that He granted us even what 
we asked. To this agree the words of our 
Lord in Mark 11: 24, where He commands 
us to "believe ye have received." This sort 
of prayer spells worlds of blessing to the 
individual, and might mean as much for 
those elsewhere for whom we should inter- 

All over India, again, God willing, there 
will be observed a week or longer of special 
evangelistic effort this winter. The date set 
for work in cities is February 10-17, and 
for village work especially, February 20-27. 
The purpose of this note is to request the 
united and earnest prayers of all the faith- 
ful for the work in sinful India during these 
several weeks of special effort. You can do 
nothing better at the home base than pray 
the "effectual fervent prayer of a righteous 
man" in behalf of your representatives 
abroad. We are as powerful for good as 
our training and your prayers make us: or 
as weak as our lack of faith in prayer leaves 
us. Oh, to " be strong in the Lord and the 
power of His might!" 

At all our mission stations effort has 
been made or will be made to have our 
workers in readiness for a great effort to 
win their unconverted neighbors to faith 
in the only saving Name under heaven, 
given among men, for salvation. We are 
trying and praying and hoping for blessing. 
O brethren, join with us in prayer for vic- 
tory this winter. Shall we not profit by 
Samuel's resolution where he said, "As for 
me, God forbid that I should sin against 
the Lord in ceasing to pray for you"? Our 
India workers were cheered last year by 
the news that Our United Volunteer Band 
at home will be praying for us during the 
time of special effort. We feel sure they 
will be holding up our hands again this 

Vyara, Dec. 10, 1917. 


Josephine Powell 

THIS is the testimony of Pada, who 
was formerly of the Agri caste, but 
has lately become a Christian. He 
says: "In the first place I was won 
by the Christian workers in time of sick- 
ness. Then later on I attended Sunday- 
school for a while, and received impressions 
from the Bible stories, and at last I was 
convicted of sin, and having failed to re- 
ceive peace from the gods of my fathers, I 
came to the missionary and inquired the 
way. After being convinced that I would 
receive pardon by placing my confidence 
in Jesus, I requested baptism. I was ques- 
tioned as to why I wanted to take this step, 
and my answer was 'I want to receive the 
pardon of my sins.' " 

Before baptism he broke the marriage 
engagement he had made, paying his in- 
tended father-in-law ten rupees. He then 
turned his gods over to his brother at 
some expense, and then received the rite of 
baptism. His caste people were very, very 
angry and threatened him beatings and 
everything. They persecuted him in differ- 
ent ways, but he has so far stood the test 
well, and is bright and hopeful; so it ap- 
pears that he has really experienced the 
new birth. His one great hope is that his 
own caste people will be won to Jesus by 
his efforts. 

On last Wednesday evening he made his 
first attempt in the Christian Workers' 
meeting. He said only a few words, and 
then called to prayer, and the burden of his 
prayer was that God would have mercy on 
his own people and lead them to Himself. 
Soon after he was baptized, one of his boy 
friends asked him, "What have you gained 
by becoming a Christian?" and he answered, 
"I have received the pardon of my sins." 
He is now doing all he can to lead this boy 
to the Savior, and will succeed, we believe, 
as the boy seems interested. Pray for him; 
he needs your prayers. 

In any one of the ten republics of South 
America, a missionary could have a city 
and dozens of towns for his parish. In 
some of the countries he could have one or 
two provinces without touching any other 
evangelical worker. 


The Missionary Visitor 


India Visitor Notes 

Effie V. Long 

OCTOBER 24 a great sorrow came 
upon the mission family, when Sis- 
ter Rosa Kaylor left us to be with 
Jesus. We rejoice that she has entered into 
this joy so early, and yet we weep for our- 
selves and for sake of the work, which 
needed her so much, and for her companion, 
who is now left alone in a foreign land; — 
and yet not alone, for Jesus is with him 
every moment, and he, too, knows how to 
rely upon Him. It has been such a great 
comfort and real help to the rest of us to 
see how Bro. Kaylor bears up under his 
sorrow, and rests in the Lord's will. H« 
goes back to his lonely home in the jungle, 
bravely, undaunted in faith, making largei 
plans for the work, and having hope of a 
great revival and ingathering for the Lord 
in the near future. Sister Powell, too, shares 
this sorrow, as Vada is her home, and she 
waited on Rosa in her sickness. Together 
they worked before sickness came, and she 
was alone in the home, when word reached 
her that the end had come. Only those who 
have passed through such experiences can 
fully know what they mean. Sister Powell 
is now out touring, and she is determined 
to win the people about Vada to the Lord. 
Pray especially for the missionaries and 
helpers at Vada. 

Bro. Hoffert has gone back to spend the 
month with Bro. Kaylor, and Brother and 
Sister Garner are to go there for the winter 
months, as soon as their first-year language 
examination is over. 

Our mission family was saddened to hear 
of Bro. McCann's laying down his armor 
and going home right in the midst of the 
fight. He was a brave soldier, and as such 
went down while in the work. We still 
claimed him as a member of our mission 
family in India, and so the loss is keenly 
felt by us. But his work was done and he 
has gone home. Sister McCann, Henry and 
Mary have our deepest sympathy and our 

The first week of November our mission- 
aries met at Bulsar for the yearly devo- 
tional meetings. Several could not be pres- 

ent, as they felt it their duty to stay by the 
work, but those who were present classed 
it as one of the very best, if not the best 
meeting we have ever had. Brethren 
Emmert and Blough taught the Word, 
mornings. Bro. Stover preached at night, 
and afternoon and evening meetings were 
led by different ones. Altogether it was a 
glorious time and we all felt we were fed 

Just after the meetings Bro. Bloughs 
went to Ahwa, to take up the work, and 
Bro. Pittengers remained at Bulsar because 
of his health as we explained previously. He 
is gaining slowly, but it is hard to be 
patient when there is so much to do, and not 
the strength to do it. Pray for Bro. Pitten- 
ger, that he may be made strong and ready 
for work. 

We have three girls' schools in the mis- 
sion — at Bulsar, Anklesvar, and Vyara. It 
was decided recently to move the Bulsar 
school to Anklesvar and thus make it one, 
but larger, and better equipped and with 
better buildings; thus one missionary could 
care for it while the other is free fof 
District work. 

There are about thirty girls and sevent} 
boys in the two boarding schools at Vyara 
In the yearly examinations in Novembei 
the children passed well, with a much bet. 
ter percentage than in the Governmenl 
Boarding School near us. Our Christian 
teachers did good work, and to them is 
the praise. At the end of the Devali holi- 
days our boys and girls came back to the 
schools here a week before those of the 
Government Boarding School, and really 
earlier than they had ever come, so we 
feel they have a love for their home here 
in the mission, and it is. growing, so the 
temptation to remain at their homes and 
with their parents is not as great. 

Sister Anna Eby has been going out to 
villages by the day, but expects to pitch 
tent Dec. 3. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Nov. 16 the Jewar king died at Karadoho, 
where Bro. Adam Ebey lived. No doubt 
they knew him quite well. He had been sick 
three months. 

An interesting little note comes from 
Anklesvar: "Last week our school-children 
had examination. On Sunday the boys 
brought a thank offering to be put into the 
collection. It was entirely at their own sug- 
gestion that they took the offering among 
themselves, and from their small store of 
spending money given them by parents or 
friends they gave Rupees 2-3-0. It made us 
all feel good. There are thirty-one boys in 
the school, all from Bhil homes; some par- 
ents Christian, but not all, and with few 
exceptions very poor." 

All of our teachers have been here on the 
compound from their different villages, 
spending the month of November in Bible 
study. There were two classes in teacher- 
training, others in Gospels, Old Testament, 
etc. The classes were taught by two of our 
Indian brethren, and the women's classes 
by an Indian sister, with the help of Sister 
Sadie Miller. The evenings are spent in 
singing and prayer, and we feel that most 

of them have received great help from this 
month of effort together. 

Bro. Emmerts have been spending this 
month at Anklesvar, as plague was all 
about them at Jalalpor and rats died in their 
cook house — a warning to vacate, and they 
did. They hope soon to go back to their 
home and work. 

During the month of November, 1917, 590 
new cases and 1,263 repeats, making a total 
of 1,558 patients, came to the Bulsar dis- 
pensary for medicine and treatment. People 
of all classes come. Daily two catechists or 
Bible teachers give Bible teaching to these 

/The medical work at Bulsar has grown 
beyond the ability of the doctors to care for 
it with present facilities. In two weeks more 
than fifteen non-Christian families had to be 
refused entrance to the hospital because of 
lack of room. Every available room in the 
hospital and in the entire Christian com- 
munity was occupied. Work on the per- 
manent hospital buildings has been stopped 
on account of the excessively high prices 
due to the war. To meet the urgent need 
some temporary buildings are being built. 

By the Roadside in India 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bro. B. C. Flory, in His Study at L.iao Chou 

December News From China 

Emma Horning 

THE governor of Shansi has sent out 
orders that all women shall have 
their high heels removed, and that 
all children shall have their feet unbound. 
If this order is carried out it will be the 
greatest blessing that has ever come to 
this province, and it looks as if the officers 
really meant to carry out the orders. In 
Ping Ting during this month nearly all of 
the women have removed their high heels. 
Anyone who goes on the street with high 
heels is arrested. It is very difficult for the 
old women to unbind their feet, so this is 
all that is required of them, but the children 
must unbind. This will be more difficult to 
carry out. The official of this city asked 
the missionaries to help him to teach the 
people on the streets the evils of footbind- 
ing. Accordingly Bro. Crumpacker, Bro. 
Vaniman and Dr. Wampler went with him 
several days and spoke to large crowds on 
the street. Now he is sending women into 
the homes to teach them what they must 

Before Christmas Bro. Crumpacker held 
a station class for the men who were to be 
baptized. They came from the various sta- 
tions and from this city, Ping Ting. He 
was assisted by Bro. Yin and others of 
the missionaries. December 23 fifteen 

Chinese were baptized; also little Frantz 
Crumpacker. We have the baptistry in the 
church. This we fill with warm water, which 
makes baptizing quite convenient even in 
cold weather. If you in the homeland could 
have seen the wonderful joy and light in 
their faces as they came out of the water, 
you certainly would have thought your 
prayers for these people were being 
answered. In the evening we had the love 
feast, at which about one hundred and 
thirty were present. The spiritual atmos- 
phere was better than at any time previous. 
They also gave much more towards the 
love feast expenses than usual. They are 
yearly growing in the spiritual life. 

On Christmas day the Ping Ting church 
was filled with those who came to cele- 
brate the birth of our Lord. Bro. Crum- 
packer gave us a good sermon, and the 
boys' school and the girls' school each 
gave us special hymns. The most interesting 
part was that of bringing gifts for the poor. 
Grain, vegetables and money were offered, 
and after services they were given to the 
needy. About $20 (Mexican) was thus dis- 

The day after Christmas we held our 
council meeting, at which Bro. Vaniman 


The Missionary Visitor 


was advanced to the eldership and Bro. Yin 
was made a minister. This is the first 
Chinese minister to be elected, and we 
hope he will prove a great blessing to his 
people. During Bro. Crumpacker's furlough 
he had charge of the pastoral work here, so 
we feel that he has proved himself already. 

Because of the floods last summer many- 
thousands of the people of the plains are 
homeless this winter, and have nothing to 
do but travel and beg from city to city to 
keep from freezing and starving. Daily they 
pass through our city, carrying their little 
ones and all they possess in baskets hung 
from poles across their backs. Our church 
took up a generous collection and sent to 
the flooded district. Government and mis- 
sions are doing all they can to relieve them, 
but the suffering still is beyond words. If 
these hungry millions only had work to do 
to earn something to keep themselves it 
would be such a blessing. Even our Chris- 
tians are constantly begging us to give them 
something to do. 

The boys' school at Ping Ting now has 
ninety boys and the girls' school has thirty 
girls. These are our workers for the future. 
Each year they are paying more of their 
expenses, and in time we hope they will be 
able to pay all of their expenses. Christmas 
Eve both of the schools gave very interest- 
ing programs which were witnessed by a 
large number of their parents and friends. 

Bro. Flory, from Liao Chou, was with us 
over the holidays and helped us in a num- 
ber of the services. He reports everything 
prospering in the mission there. Little 
Calvin Bright is strong again and Sister 
Bright is perhaps gaining a little. Sister 
Senger has been doing some village work 
besides her language and city work. At 
one place she found an old man who had 
been a Christian for some years, studying 
the Bible daily and trying to get his rela- 
tives also to believe, but he had received a 
good deal of persecution. His wife had died 
several years before, but he had not buried 
her, for he was waiting till a Christian 
minister came so he could have a Christian 
funeral. He was exceedingly happy when 
Sister Senger came to teach in his home, 
and certainly gave her a warm welcome. 

Five of the new missionaries who are in 
the language school at Peking came to Ping 
Ting to spend the holidays with us. The 
other five could not come at this time 
because they had not had a successful 
vaccination. Smallpox has broken out and 
the school was afraid to have them travel 
for fear they would be exposed to the 
disease on the trains. The ones who did 
come had a very pleasant time, and we cer- 
tainly did enjoy getting acquainted with 
them, for most of us had not met them 
before. & 


(Continued from Page 112) 

J. M. Fruit, Viola $ 15 00 

General Mission Board had 
received to Dec. 31. 1917, $11,871 71 

During part of Jan., 12,139 24 

Total received $24,010 95 

Remitted to Armenian and 
Syrian Relief Committee, Chi- 
cago, 9,988 83 

Turned over to Relief and 
Reconstruction Committee $14,022 12 

$16,251 40 

This fund succeeds the Brethren Service Com- 
mittee and acknowledges the receipt from the 

General Mission Board of, $ 156 19 


Leander Smith, Muscatine, 7 19 


Burnetts Creek Congregation, 27 52 


E. M. Follis, Trigo, 10 00 

$ 201 90 

Philadelphia 1st Church Sunday- 
school, $10.50; Parker Ford Sunday- 
school, $2.50, $ 13 00 


"Walnut Sunday-school, 175 

$ 14 75 


Philadelphia 1st Church Sunday- 
school, 1100 



C. F. Fifer, Rehobeth 5 00 



Philadelphia 1st Church Sunday- 
school, $2.50: Always Willing Class, 
Waynesboro. $25; Hooversville Sunday- 
school, $32.75, 00 25 


Susan Crumpacker, Hiattville, 2 00 


Chico Sunday-school 3 81 


Christian Krabill, Greenwood 5 00 


Delia M. Galor. Boonsboro 3 09 

Received from General Mission Board. 121 41 

$ 197 97 

Received from General Mission Board, 25 78 


The Missionary Visitor 
The Death of a Volunteer 

Wm. J. Buckley- 



[In memory of Roy A. Frantz, student of 
Bethany Bible School and Mt. Morris College, 
and a volunteer for India, "at home with the 
Lord," Jan. 29, 1918.] 

He is not dead! He lives! 
He lives more richly than before; 
He lives where sorrow is no more, 

And life but pleasure gives. 

He lives! We miss his song 
Which cheered us on with quickened pace, 
But he has seen his Savior's face, 

Which we shall see ere long. 

He lives! Yes, even here 
In glorious majesty his life 
Still stands a tower above earth's strife, 

Unmoved by hdte and fear. 

He lives! A radiant proof 
Of all God's gracious power and love; 
He points our hearts to things above, 

From worldly things aloof. 

He lives! We hear him call 
As oft he called when with us here 
"O Volunteer! O Volunteer! 

Oh, give to Christ your all." 

He lives! His life through ours — 
A hundred lives where one had been 
Shall still be used men's souls to win; 

Our lives are God's, riot ours. 

SELDOM do we realize the glory of 
the Christian's fellowship with God 
more keenly than when we watch a 
faithful soldier of the cross fearlessly enter 
the jaws of death, despairing of life, and 
having the sentence of death within himself ; 
but confidently looking forward to the last 
moment, with the assurance that the vic- 
tory and sting of death are canceled by 
Christ, and that the transition from earth to 
heaven is not to be feared, but greatly de- 
sired. It was in this confident expectation 
that our brother, Roy A. Frantz, an earnest 
member of the Mount Morris College 
Volunteer Band, spent his last days and 
hours. As the attendants at his bedside saw 
the glory of Jehovah manifested in him, 
there was born in our hearts a deep con- 
viction that the heavenly messenger spoke 
truthfully when he said, "Blessed are the 
dead, who die in the Lord." 

Roy A. Frantz was born January 28, 1895, 
at Mount Morris, 111., and died January 29, 
1918, at the Dixon Hospital, Dixon, 111., 
aged twenty-three years and one day. When 
two years old his parents moved to 
Sterling, 111., where the family has lived 
ever since, with the exception of three 
years spent in Dixon. When ten years old 
he gave his heart to the Lord. When 
nineteen years old the church called him 
to the deacon's office. In this capacity he 
served faithfully for- two years, when the 
church laid upon him the responsibil' x "- of 
the ministry. 

After completing his high school course 
he spent two years in Bethany Bible school. 
Following this he entered Mount Morris 
College, where was a junior at the time of 
his death. 

Soon after entering Bethany Bible School 
Bro. Frantz became a foreign volunteer. 
His interest and activity in mission work 
were unlimited. While at Mount Morris he 
was president of the Foreign Volunteer 
Band. As the hour of his death approached 
it was evident that the mission work of 
the church was deeply on his heart. He 
mentioned it frequently, and tried to give 
some instructions concerning the work of 
the College Volunteer Band. When his fever 


The Missionary Visitor 


produced a delirious state, he still saw the 
great white harvest field, and repeatedly- 
called for volunteers for service. He 
wondered that there were so few laborers, 
and tried to urge faithfulness and conse- 

The moments of intense suffering were 
endured bravely. So strongly did the Lord 
support him that he was able to undergo 
four operations without the aid of general 
or local anesthetic. As the attending physi- 
cians saw his unusual endurance they rec- 
ognized the Lord's power, and one of them 
said, " I suppose God might have made a 
braver man, but I do not believe He ever 

In times of unconsciousness our dying 
brother's spirit was refreshed by friends 
singing to him, "Jesus, Lover of My Soul," 
"Nearer, My God to Thee," "Rock of 
Ages," "Under His Wings," "What a Friend 
We Have in Jesus," and "I'm Going Home, 
to Die No more." As the music reached his 
ears his nerves were quieted, and regaining 
consciousness, he earnestly joined in the 
singing. But when his mother began singing 
some of these dear old songs to her dying 
son, saying, "I will sing my boy to sleep 
once more, just as I did when he was a 
babe," the voices of the other singers were 
hushed in quiet tears, and the mother and 
son consoled and encouraged each other as 
they sang together the songs of his infancy. 

During his last rational hours Bro. 
Frantz spoke of his departure, and said, 
"These are times of joy and sadness. It 
is joy for me, but sorrow for you." In giving 
his last message to his father he said, "I 
go happy," and a few moments later he 
added, "I am on the solid rock." At the 
beginning of his sickness he earnestly 
desired to recover, but as his illness con- 
tinued he soon saw that the Father had 
other plans for him. He was fully recon- 
ciled to this and said, "My work here is 

Bro. Frantz's greatest ambition was to 
be a foreign missionary. He had made many 
definite plans for a happy life of service in 
a distant land. In order to accomplish this 
he had rejected some exceptionally good 
business and financial opportunities. These 
things he counted but dross, that he might 
win souls for Christ. And now that the 
Father has called him home, and the work 

that he wished to do must be done by an- 
other volunteer, let us all, as the Lord's 
own messengers, consecrate ourselves fully 
to the work to which we have been called. 
Our brother's dying call for volunteers is 
God's own call. For He, too, sees the 
great harvest field, and wonders where are 
the laborers. 

My brother and fellow volunteer, will 
you not respond to the burden of Jehovah, 
as He lays the world's need and His mes- 
sage of salvation upon your heart? Will 
you also not reject all financial and social 
opportunities which interfere with your 
largest service for Christ, and give your 
life to feeding His sheep? When the hour 
of death comes we, too, shall want to feel 
that we are on the solid rock, and that our 
work here is finished; but we shall not 
have that pleasure if we carelessly neglect 
our vows of faithfulness and fail to work 
while it is day. 

Chicago, 111. 

Sister Horning and Mrs. Chang, one of 
the Bible women, spent a month with the 
women of Yu Hsien. They were called there 
to open an opium refuge for women. Ten 
broke off opium during the month. More 
wanted to come to the refuge, but the place 
was too small to accommodate more, so we 
told them we would come again in the 
spring and take the rest in. It was a great 
opportunity to teach them the Gospel. We 
also opened some twenty homes during the 
time, and taught in some of them a number 
of times. At the same time there were 
some forty men in the men's refuge and 
twenty more waiting to enter. 

The following medical work was done at 
Ping Ting during December, 1917: 

Calls at dispensary 555 

In-patients 18 

Operations 22 

Out-calls 8 

Patients seen at out-stations 89 


(Continued from Page 91) 
America, and could have you visit our 
churches in New York, Boston, Chicago, 
and other places; and if I could have you 
make this same speech, I would convert 
every last remaining unbeliever in foreign 


The Missionary Visitor 



Take a grain of falsehood, a handful of 
runabout, a sprig of herb of backbite, a 
teaspoonful of "don't you tell it," six 
drachms of malice, and a few drops of 
envy. Stir well and let simmer for an hour. 
Add a little discontent and jealousy, then 
strain through a bag of misconstruction. 
Cork it in a bottle of malevolence and hang 
it on a skein of street yarn. Shake it occa- 
sionally for a few days and it will be ready 
for use. Take a few drops before going out 
to walk, and you will succeed. — Sel. 


If you were one of the millions of heathen 

Unwelcome at birth; 

Untaught in childhood; 

Unloved in wifehood; 

Uncherished in widowhood; 

Unprotected in old age; 

Unlamented when dead; 

What would you ask of the Christian 
women of America? "Think on these 
things" (Philpp. 4: 8).— Selected. 


It is customary in China, when the num- 
ber of children — daughters preponderating — 
begins to exceed the family income, to name 
the latest comer, "Enough." Acting upon 
this superstition the Lees, a native Chris- 
tian couple, presented their seventh child 
for baptism. 

"What is her name?" inquired the mis- 
sionary pastor. 

"Enough!" announced both parents in 
fervent unison. 

"That will never do!" the pastor frowned. 
"Think of a more fitting name!" But Mr. 
and Mrs. Lee were smitten with stage 
fright and could think of nothing. The 
Bible woman sitting near whispered, "Call 
her Dorcas!" So Dorcas she was hastily 
named. But fancy the dismay of Mr. and 
Mrs. Lee when they discovered that Dorcas, 

translated into the native dialect, is identical 
in sound with the Chinese words, "many 
more!" — World Outlook. 


Dr. Harvey Reeves Calkins, author of 
"A Man and His Money," was one day 
explaining to a group of church officers 
God's financial plan of weekly giving on a 
tithing basis. Turning to one of his auditors, 
a shrewd-looking farmer, he asked if he 
had made the matter clear. The man re- 
plied: "They's a ketch in it." "Why, my 
brother, I intended to make it very plain," 
said the speaker. "Oh, it's plain enough," 
replied the farmer, "but they's a ketch in 
it, all the same. They's deceit in it; for I 
can see if we adopt that plan we'll be paying 
out more money than we intend to give." 
— The Missionary Voice. 


Economists and others talk learnedly 
about living wages for industrial workers, 
and the employer who does not grant them 
is pictured as just about the scum of the 
earth! It is rather startling in the face of 
this fairly universal attitude to discover 
that the average annual ministerial salary in 
fourteen Christian denominations is $736, 
which is far from a living wage in these 
days of high prices. The attached table 
printed in a recent number of the Lutheran 
Church Work and Observer, and extensive- 
ly quoted since, speaks for itself: 

Denomination Salary Trade Wages 

Southern Baptist $334 Soap makers $1,107 

Disciples 526 .Fancy box makers 1,145 

United Brethren 547 Furniture makers 1,194 

M. E. Church, So. 681 Machine shop 

Northern Baptists 683 workers 1,257 

M. B. Church, No. 741 Paint and varnish 

Lutheran 744 workers 1,441 

Presbyterian, So. 868 Wall-paper work- 
Congregational . . 880 ers 1,508 

Reformed Church 923 Billard table mak- 

Presbyterian, No. 977 ers, 1,511 

TJniversalists 987 Paper and pulp 

Protestant Epis. 994 makers 1,813 

Unitarian 1,221 Carpet and rug 

Workers in baker- makers 1,825 

ies 804 Pencil makers 1,869 

Railroad car shop Moving picture 

workers 907 men 1,913 

Photo-engravers 1,807 

— Men and Missions. 


The Missionary Visitor 
Weekly Prayer Hour 




Praise the Lord that so many are earnestly 
at work on the field, learning the lan- 

Pray for the teachers, who direct, and for 
the missionaries in their difficult task of 
learning the language. 

Remember personally the new workers in 
China: Grace Clapper, Edna Flory, Byron 
Flory and wife, W. J. Heisey and wife, 
Myrtle Pollock, Mary Schaffer, and Nor- 
man Seese and wife. In India: Howard 
Alley and wife, Ella Ebbert, Lillian 
Grisso, and Anetta Mow. 

Pray also for those who are in their 
second year of language study. 


Our schools and many of our churches can 
testify to the fact that great and lasting 
inspiration has come from those who 
have returned from the firing line. Let 
us pray earnestly for them, as follows: 
Sisters Winnie Cripe and Minerva Metz- 
ger are visiting churches; Sister Ida Shu- 
maker is visiting some of our colleges 
and the churches of Western Pennsyl- 
vania; Brother and Sister A. Ebey are 
spending this school year at Manchester 
College; pray also for their two little 
girls, Lois and Leah; Brother and Sister 
Q. A. Holsopple and their little daughter 
are living at Elgin, 111. Brother and 
Sister E. H. Eby are living at McPherson, 
Kans., with their three little boys, while 
Bro. Eby spends most of his time out 
among the churches in behalf of mis- 

Pray that these may have real physical 
rest, and that God will restore them their 
bodies enough for them to do the work 
of a missionary, and give them all-needed 

Pray for those who, having been on fur- 
lough, have lately returned to the field. 

March 24-30. — MISSIONARY CHIL- 

The junior department of our foreign mis- 
sionary force deserves our prayers. They 
are on the field in the midst of so many 
diseases and disagreeable conditions. 


Pray for their health and moral safety. 

They do not have many of the educational 
advantages of children in America. Pray 
that their education may not be hampered. 

Think especially of those who are separated 
from their parents while they are attend- 
ing school in this country. Pray that 
their lives may mean much in their re- 
spective schools. • 

March 31-April 6.— EDUCATIONAL AND 

Praise the Lord for the baptisms in India; 
for the women and children who have 
come to the Lord at Anklesvar; for the 
new interest and the baptisms at Jalalpor, 
the fruit of earnest labor. 

Praise the Lord for the dear Chinese sis- 
ters who are so earnestly preparing to 
teach their countrywomen. 

Praise the Lord for the interest taken in 
the widespread evangelistic campaign in 

Pray for the brethren in China and India, 
who are directing the native Christian 
preachers in the villages as they preach 
the Word. 

Pray for the young Indian ministers, who 
show signs of very useful lives for their 

Pray for the teachers and pupils in all the 
schools in India and China. 

Pray for the field committees in India and 
China in the direction of the evangelistic 
and educational work. So many problems 
come up that can be solved only as 
divine wisdom is given. You can help the 
missionaries get the needed wisdom! 

Swinging- at Ping Ting 

Kao Shih Fang, a small orphan boy, 

is on the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Spider and Dog: An African Folk Story 

Alice Carter Cook, in " Everyland " 

THIS is a story about the long-ago 
time when Mr. Spider was the quick- 
est and smartest and greediest of all 
the animals. He held his head high on top 
of his long, spindle legs, and looked scorn- 
fully down on his friends and neighbors. 
There is a book that tells us, "Pride goeth 
before a fall"; perhaps if Mr. Spider had 
read his Bible carefully, this story might 
not have happened. 

Dog, too, has lived in this earth of ours 
a long, long time. He is a good friend to 
have. He will follow those whom he loves 
through fire and water. He knows when to 
jump up and bark, and, if necessary, he can 
bite. He knows, too, how to lie still and 
wait for his turn to come. You can trust 
him to watch, and when the time comes to 
act, he will not fail you. That is the way 
Dog has been ever since the earth was a 
mere baby. 

Now it happened once that all the ani- 
mals were called together to harvest the rice. 
Dog was there, and Deer and Leopard and 
Elephant and Hog and Wild-cat and Lion 
and Monkey and many others. Before they 
went out to cut rice, each chose a partner 
for dinner, for each animal was to share 
his bowl of rice with some other; that was 
the old, old custom. 

So Spider walked around among them all 
and looked down on them from the top of 
his long, spindle legs, and he thought about 
them this way: "There's Leopard; he's a 
savage fellow; I don't want to eat dinner 
with him. And there's Deer; he's a quick 
little man; he eats too fast for me. And 
there's Elephant; he can take the whole 
meal — bowl and all — into his mouth at one 
swallow; I don't want to eat my dinner with 
him. And there's Dog, half asleep, stupid 
thing ; let me take a good look at him. . . ." 

So Spider walked slowly around Dog, 
and Dog lay still, his eyes closed and his 
mouth shut so nice and tight that Spider 

couldn't see it at all, and Spider said, " That 
Dog hasn't any mouth; he's the fellow for 
me." So Spider went to the headman who 
made the feast, and said that he and Dog 
would take their dinner together in the 
same bowl. He thought he would have 
twice as much for himself as anybody else, 
for, if Dog had no mouth, how could he eat? 

Then the headman beat the big, hollow 
wooden drum, and the people all went out 
to cut the rice. Dog worked with a will; 
he didn't stop to talk; he just worked like 
a beaver. But Spider ran around from one 
place to another, joking and talking and 
watching every one else work, and when 
he saw how Dog worked without a word, 
he made a song about Dog and went around 
singing it. Probably it would have sounded 
like this to you: 

" Balee o boolee a ban o bugh boo 
Budoe juloo a booloo d woo," 
but translated into English, it meant: 
"Dat 'ere Dog; see dat 'ere Dog 

Working all the day, working all the day, 

All for nothing, nothing, working all the 
" See our mouths; watch us eat; 

When the day is over, 

When our work is ended, 

Watch us eat the good, white rice so 
sweet I 
" But dat 'ere Dog; see dat 'ere Dog 

With no mouth; how can he ever eat? 

See dat Dog a-working all the day, 

All for nothing, nothing, working all the 

So Spider went around singing, but Dog 
worked right along, paying not the slightest 
attention to Spider or his song. 

Finally all the rice was cut, and the drum 
beat again, and the workers hurried back 
to the town. 

The village fire was burning brightly, 
and over it hung enormous black kettles, 
full, full to the brim of snowy, flaky rice. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The headman and his wives stood by the 
fire with long wooden ladles in their hands. 
The harvesters helped themselves to the 
wooden bowls which lay about in piles, 
and coming two by two to the fire, received 
their portion of the smoking rice. Spider 
went dancing and singing all over the town, 
so happy, waiting for Dog, who came last 
of all from the field, and telling every one 
that he was to have a bowl of rice all to 
himself, for his partner, Dog, had no mouth. 

Dog came tranquilly along, tired with his 
day's work, but saying nothing. Spider 
rushed up to him, saying, " Come along, 
Partner; we'll get our rice now that you 
are here; we're going to have plenty of rice, 
you and I." 

Dog said nothing, but trotted quietly 
after Spider, who picked out the biggest 
bowl he could find and had it filled at the 
fire, then carried it to an empty hut, where 
he set it down. 

" It's too hot to eat just yet," said Spider. 
"Watch it, Partner; I'll be back soon, after 
I've seen some of my friends." 

Dog didn't say anything, but lay down be- 
side the bowl, and Spider went away sing- 

" Oh, the rice, the rice! the white, hot rice! 
Taste it; taste it; oh, so nice! 
Now the day is over, 
Now our work is ended, 
Watch us eat the good, nice, sweet, hot 

And he ran through the town, talking and 
joking with his friends while they ate their 
rice. Everywhere the people offered him 
rice, but he said, "No, if I eat your rice now, 

I can't eat that bowl of rice waiting for 
me in the house. I don't want to spoil my 

Finally, when it was late, and every one 
else had finished eating, happy old Spider 
went back to the house. 

There lay Dog, sound asleep, full, beside 
the empty bowl. Dog had worked hard and 
had been very hungry, but he was satisfied 
now. Spider had spent all his time making 
fun of Dog, and when he came in and saw 
Dog lying there in the ashes beside the 
empty bowl, he said, " Why, Dog, where 
is my rice? Where have you put my rice? 

Dog didn't say a word; he just lay still. 
You see, he had no mouth! 

Then, after a while, Spider got angry, Dog 
lay so still; and he shouted, "Now I'm. 
going to take you outside, if you don't give 
me an account about that rice! " 

But Dog lay still. You see, he didn't have 
any mouth! 

Then, after a while, Spider decided to lift 
Dog out of doors. He came softly up behind 
Dog and tried to lift him. 

" Bow — wow — wow — wow — wow — w o w — 
wow — wow — !" Dog thundered so that the 
mud fell off the walls of the hut. 

Spider, at one leap, sprang behind the mat 
that hung on the wall, and there he has 
been ever since, afraid to come out and al- 
ways hungry. 

Just look behind the curtains and pictures 
in your own house, and perhaps you will 
find him hiding still, unless your mother 
is the very best housekeeper in the whole 

Esther and Calvin Bright Feeding: Their Pets at Liao Choa 


The Missionary Visitor 




In the financial report in February Visitor 
the $30.00 credited to A 'Sister, Northern Cali- 
fornia, under Armenian and Syrian Relief, should 
appear under Southern District, instead. 

Under World Wide in the January Visitor the 
$50.00 credited to Mt. Morris, Northern Illinois, 
was intended for another purpose and should 
not appear here. This will decrease the total 
of World Wide by that amount. 

In the December Visitor under World Wide 
the $45.00 credited to Pittsburgh, Western Penn- 
sylvania, was sent us by mistake and should 
not appear in that report. This decreases the 
total for World Wide by that amount. 

In the February Visitor under Armenian and 
Syrian Relief the $15.50 credited to a brother 
and family, Washington, should be $5.50 to 
Armenian and Syrian Relief and $10.00 to World 
Wide. This decreases the total of Armenian and 
Syrian Relief by $10.00 and increases the total 
of World Wide by $10.00. 

During the month of January the General Mis- 
sion Board sent out 154,803 pages of tracts. 

During January the Board received the fol- 
lowing contributions to its funds: 


Pennsylvania — $3,733.78. 

Western District, Congregations. 

Pittsburgh, $8.71; Summit Mills, 

$22.76; Mt. Zion, W. Va., $25, .., $ 56 47 

Christian Workers, 

Uniontown 27 18"* 

Estate Hannah A. Buck 3,270 70 


Sallie A. Helman, $5; I. G. Miller, 
$1.20; John Wells, $1; Sam'l C. John- 
son, $35.40; Sarah A. Johnson, $1; Caro- 
line Moyers, $5; Lydia Umbel, 50 cents; 
Cora Christner, $2; Thos. Harden and 
family, $1; R. T. Hull (marriage notice), 
50 cents; J. W. Wegley (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents, 53 10 

Middle District, Sunday-schools. 

Point, Dunnings Creek, $15; Snider 

Cross Roads, Woodbury, $40, 55 00 


T. T. Myers, $1.50; John Snoberger, 
$3; I. B. Replogle, $1.20; Samuel R. 
Snyder, $3; Annie E. Miller, $5; James 
C. Wineland. $1; C. B. Teeter, $2; Edw. 
Harden, wife and daughter, $2.50; 
Rachel Rhodes, $1; D. G. Snyder, $1, 21 20 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

West Green Tree, $48; 'Spring Grove, 

$6.50, 54 50 

Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown 10 00 

Elizabethtown College Bible Institute, 82 64 


Abram Fackler, $1 ; Cassie and Fannie 

Yoder, $1 ; Lucina Hershberger, $1, 3 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Gettysburg, Marsh Creek, $3.99; 

Friends Grove, Marsh Creek, $3.37, 7 36 


Raven Run, $2.25; Free Spring, Lost 

Creek, $5, 7 25 


Sister Hershey and Class, Gettys- 
burg, $3; Sister Elizabeth Bushman, 
Gettysburg, $2; G. W. Harlacher, $1.50; 
Chas. C. Brown, $10; C. W. Reichard, 
$3; H. J. Shallenberger, $5; Solomon 
Strauser, $6.30; Grace Hykes, $1; M. O. 

Myers, $6, 37 80 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Coventry 24 50 


Coventry, 20 08 


Jos. Fitzwater, 3 00 

California— $2,652.52. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Empire, $82.08; Strathmore, $58.15; 
Macdoel, $28; Chico, $11.35; Fresno, 
$27.25 ; Patterson, $1, $ 207 83 

Estate of Wm. Trostle, deceased, .. 2,239 65 

Henry S. Sheller, $5; J. A. Calvert, 
$20; Abbie Miller, $5; T. N. Beckner, 
$2.60; Sarah J. Beckner, $1; D. L. For- 
ney, $9.50, 43 10 

Southern District, Congregations. 

La Verne, $101.79; South Los Angeles, 

25 cents 102 04 


E. P. Fike, $5; Mrs. M. Hepner, $5; 
Magdalena Myers, $5; J. Z. Gilbert, 
$2.60; I. G. Cripe, $5; Frank R. Hart- 
man, $21.30; Edmund Forney, $3; Mrs. 
Elizabeth B. Minnich, $3; A sister, $10, 59 90 

Maryland— $1,126.45. 
Western District, Individuals. , 

A. L. Sines, $10,80; John Merrill and 
family, $10; Mary E. Arnold, $5; Minnie 

B. Miller, $1 ; Brother and sister Jesse 

C. Merrill, $3.65, 30 45 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Hagerstown, 30 00 


Eli Yourtee, Deceased, $200; Caleb 
Long, $10; Barbara E. Stouffer, $2.50; 

Mary L. Stouffer, $2.50 215 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Middletown Valley, 2 00 


Tillie S. Barnes, $210; Phenie E. 
Weigle, $210; Lydia A. Trostle, $210; 
Mrs. Chas. D. Bonsack, $210; Wm. E. 
Roop, $5; Amos Wampler, $1; John D. 

Roop, $3 849 00 

Kan sas — $439 .99. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Quinter, 6 35 


Sarah Horting, $2; Mary R. Moler, 

50 cents, 2 50 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Sabetha Primary, 31 92 


J. W. Mosier, $14; Susan Cochran, 
$1 ; A brother, $300 ; An individual, $1, 316 00 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school. 

West Wichita, 3 72 


J. D. Yoder, $50; Daisy E. Peck, 
$25; S. M. Brown, $2.50; Elsie Taylor, 
Peabody, $1.50; Lena Peel, 50 cents, 79 50 

Ohio— $341.58. 
Northwestern District. Congregations. 

Sugar Creek, $52; Blanchard, $5.13, 57 13 


J. R. Spacht, $30; S. H. Vore, 90 
cents; J. W. Keiser (marriage notice), 
50 cents; David Byerly (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; L. E. Kauffman, $1.20, 33 10 
Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Freeburg, 96 60 


Mr. and Mrs. Ray Helser, $50; Geo. H. 
Irvin, $40; Isaac Brumbaugh, $10; Geo. 
Hartsough, $5; Mary E. Strauser, $1.40; 
Mrs. Allen Toms, $1; Sadie Moherman, 

$1 ; D. J. Lantz, 50 cents 108 90 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Middletown, $2.35; Ludlow, $6.25, 8 60 


Georgetown 20 00 

Christian Workers, 

Newton 10 00 


Jesse K. Brumbaugh. $1.20; W. C. 
^eeter, $1.20; W. H. Folkerth, *1 ?0 : 
Sarah Stover. $1; Elias Stauffer, $2.40; 
Mrs. J. B. Brandt, 25 cents 7 25 


The Missionary Visitor 


Virginia— $316.34. 

First District, Congregation. 

Chestnut Grove, Pleasant View $ 5 03 


J. W. Layman, $100; A. C. Riely, 
$100: Pauline Nolley, $10; J. B. Spang- 
ler, W. Va., $10; Josie Snuffer. 65 cents, . 220 65 
Second District, Sunday-school. 

Glade Summit 24 50 


W. H. Sipe, $10; Lethe A. Liskey, 
$1.20; S. A. Garber, $1; Nannie J. Miller, 
40 cents; Jennie Lintecum, $1; A. J. 
Miller, $1; Bettie E. Caricofe, 50 cents; 
Mattie V. Caricofe, 50 cents ; D. C. Cline, 
$1; Benj. F. Miller, 25 cents; Sam'l. 
L. Huffman, $1.20; D. S. Neff, $1.50; 
Mrs. P. J. Carun, 50 cents; Jacob H. 
Cline, $1; M. D. Hess, 25 cents; A. B. 
Glick, 50 cents; Jas. B. Shipman, $l.t>u; 
E. D. Kindig, $1; John S. Flory, $1.50; 

John D. Huddle, 30 cents, 26 10 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Mountain Grove, $3; Rough Run, 

South Fork, $1.86, 4 86 


Unity, Fairview, 5 00 


Frank Stultz and wife, $2; B. W. 
Neff, 40 cents; Susannah Flory, 50 
cents; John H. Kline, $5; D. C. Zigler, 
50 cents ; Mrs. J. G. Kline, $1 ; J. N. and 
Hettie E. Smith, $1; Wm. E. Hamilton, 
$1; D. M. Good, $2.50; S. Frank Cox, 

50 cents, 

Southern District, Congregation. 



Sarah Keith, $1; Sarah A. Knicely, 

50 cents, 

uastern District, Sunday-school. 



J. M. Garber, $1.20; Geo. W. Shaffer. 


Indiana— $242.20. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Wakarusa, $12; Baugo, $11.17, 


Rock Run, $22.79; Pine Creek, Goshen, 

$10.20; First South Bend, $10 


Annetta Johnson. $2.50 : Elizabeth Fay, 
$5; Melvin D. Neff. $10; Christian 
Stouder, $5; Elias and Rachel Fash- 
baugh, $9; Amanda A. Hoover, $1; 
Celia A. Swihart, $3; Levi Zumbrun, 

$10.19; Mary A. Lammedee, $2.50, 48 19 

Middle District. 

Adult Bible Class, Peru, 23 00 


David C. Wolf, $25; David Eikenberry, 
$2; Wm. M. Eikenberry, $4; Edw. Kint- 
ner (marriage notice), 50 cents; J. D. 
Rife, $1.20; Eld. Otho Winger (marriage 
notice), 50 cents; Odis P. Clingenpeel, 
$2; Isnac L. Shultz. $1.20: James Hime- 
lick. $2.50; Leroy Graft, $5; A brother, 

$3.75, 47 65 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Mt. Pleasant, 13 70 


Mary L. Himes, 50 cents ; Catharine 
Bowman, $1; Flora A. Benham, $25; 
Sister Josiah Brower, $12; Wm. Stout, 

$5 43 50 

North Dakota— $190.45. 

Cando, 36 45 


M. P. Lichty, $120; J. M. Sadler. Sr., 
$10; D. M. Shorb (marriage notices), 
$1; Henry Kile, $5; Elizabeth Kile, $3; 
A brother, Golden Willow, $1; A broth- 
er. $14, 154 00 

Illinois — $171.75. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Franklin Grove, $119.05; Mt. Morris, 
$18, 137 05 

14 40 

8 40 

1 50 

2 70 

3 20 

23 17 

42 99 


Price Umphlet, $5; Collin Puterbaugh, 
$5; W. R. Bratton. $5; E. P. and Alice 
Trostle, $5; D. C. McGonigh, $2.50; A. 
L. Moats, $1.20; Frank N. Sargent 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; R. II. Nico- 

demus (marriage notice), 50 cents, $ 24 70 

Southern District. Individual. 

Sister B. S. Kindig, 10 00 

Iowa— $145.85. , 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Greene Home Department, 8 45 

I. t! Class, Waterloo, $15; Loyal 

Helpers, South Waterloo, $14.25, 29 25 


L. W. Kennedy, $10 ; H. E. Slifer, $10 ; 
J. S. Hershberger, $1.50; L. M. Eby, 
$1.25; Bertha Ruble, $1; Uriah S. 
Blough, $4; Louise Messer, $2.50; Con- 
rad Messer, $2.50; Hannah C. Messer, 

$1 ; Julia A. Gilbert, 20 cents, 33 95 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Frank Rhodes, $10; Daniel Fry, $3; 
Martin Suck, $1 ; Lydia Ommen, $1, . . 15 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Monroe County 700 


W. G. Caskey, $1.20; Nora Bolton, 

$1 ; A brother and sister, $50 52 20 

Nebraska — $129.00. 

David Neher, $100; D. E. Price, $°5 ; 
Wm. McGaffey, $2; Sara Kohler, $1; 
Fdgar Rothrock (marriage notices), $1, 129 00 
Wisconsin — $100.00. 

J. M. Fruit, ". 100 00 

Idaho — $97.75. 

Clearwater, 10 00 

First Bible Class, Winchester 6 75 


Perry H. Sanger and family, $75; 
Franey and Lanson Clanin, $2; M. M. 

Custer, $1; Individuals, $3 8100 

Oklahoma— $74.38. 

Big Creek, $23.56; Washita, $22.47; 

Elk City. $20.50, 66 53 


J. S. Merkey, $4.35; Z. G. Church, 

$3.50, 7 85 

West Virginia— $67.00. 
First District, Individuals. 
. W. W. Bane and wife, $50; Jos. Rem- 
bold, German Settlement, Maple Spring, 
$10; Susan Harvey, $3; A. A. Rotruck, 
$1; Laura E. Richman, $1; Miles Ham- 
ilton, W. Pa., $1; J. F. Hamilton, W. 

Pa., $1 67 00 

Missouri — $49.66. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Prairie View, 6 66 


Wm. H. Wagner, $2.50; Nannie C. 
Wagner, $2.50; Mary M. Cox, 50 cents; 

A sister, $2.50 8 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

C. W. Gitt, $25; Stella Will, $5; Two 

sisters, $5, 35 00 

Colorado — $36.95. 

Western District, Individual. 

J. D. Coffman, 10 00 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Sterling 1 80 


H. S. Knoll, $22.15; Jeanette Barn- 
hart, $2, 24 15 

Southern District, Individual. 

Joel O. Bowser 1 00 

Washington — $33.00. 

East Wenatchee, 30 00 

Individuals 3 00 

Minnesota — $23.57. 

Minneapolis, 13 57 

Workers Class, Minneapolis, 10 00 


The Missionary Visitor 



Alabama— $21.20. 

W. A. Maust, $20; W. B. Woodard, 

$1.20, $ 2120 

Montana — $20.00. 

A. B. Vannoy 20 00 

Oregon — $15.60. 

Myrtle Point, $9; Portland, $4 13 00 


C. Fitz, 2 50 

Arkansas— $10.00. 

A. J. Burris, 10 00 

Michigan— $8.20. 


Geo. B. and Tillie Stone, $5.20; Aman- 
da Wertenberger, $2 ; Ella Keith, $1, . . 8 20 
North Carolina— $7.00. 

P. E. Faw and wife, 7 00 

Delaware— $4.00. 

Individual. I 

Christian Krabill 4 00 

Texas— $3.00. 

F. G. Gross, 3 00 

Canada— $1.10. 

Western District, Individual. 

B. Protzman, 1 10 

Tennessee— -$1.00. 


Mary Loyd 1 00 

Kentucky— $0.40. 

Owen Barnhart, 40 

Unknown— -$7.00. 

Unknown 7 00 

Total for the month $10,070 62 

Previously received, 56,246 00 

For the year so far, $66,316 62 


California— $106.96. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

McFarland, $100; Trigo, $6.96, 106 96 

Illinois— $51.20. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Mt. Morris, 40 00 


Mrs. Margaret It. Williams, $5; Albert 

Journey, $5, 10 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Liberty, 1 20 

Virginia— $46.63. 

First District, Congregation. 

Roanoke City, 46 63 

Pennsylvania — $13.48. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Williamsburg, 5 48 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

A brother and sister, . . 8 00 

Kan s as — $12.50. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Sabetha 7 50 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

J. D. Toder, 5 00 

South Dakota— $2.00. 

Margaret Hazlett, 2 00 

Oregon — $2.00. 

A. E. Troyer and wife, 2 00 

Missouri — $2.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Two sisters, 2 00 

North Dakota— $1.10. 

Cando, 1 10 

Total for the month $ 237 87 

Previously received 2,008 37 

For the year so far, $ 2,246 24 

Pennsylvania — $233.43. 

Western District, Sunday-schools. 

Pike, Middle Creek, $13.43; Maple 

Glen, $16, $ 29 43 

Aid Society. 

Meyersdale, 30 00 

Classes. , 

Intermediate, $8.75; Junior Boys, 
$3.45; Junior Girls, $16.80; Primary, $10, 39 00 


A brother and sister, Manor, 25 00 

Middle District, Sunday-schools. 

Williamsburg, $30; Spring Run, $20, 50 00 

Christian Workers. 

Spring Run, 20 00 


Francis Baker 30 00 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabeth town, 5 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Nora S. Sausman 5 00 

Indiana— $122.85. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Flora, 36 62 

Aid Society. « 

Manchester, 10 00 


No. 4, Burnetts Creek, $36.54; Anti- 

Can't, Salamonie, $28 64 54 


Grace M. Murphy, 5 00 

Southern District, Class. 

Leaders, Rossville, 5 19 

In Memory of Mary Lorenz, 1 50 

Illinois— $92.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Elgin Primary 20 00 


Lizzie Studebaker, $20; A sister, 

Yellow Creek, $52 72 00 

Kansas — $76.35. 

Northeastern District, Christian Work- 

Kansas City, Central Avenue, 20 00 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Eden Valley, 15 00 


Conway Springs, $10.74; Monitor Ele- 
mentary, $9.61 20 35 


J. D. Yoder, $20; G. Blondefield, $1, 21 00 

Ohio— $63.68. 
Northeastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Canton City, $20; Freeburg, $20; 

Hartville Primary, $3.66, 43 66 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Pittsburg, 20 00 

Nebraska — $50.00. 

Beatrice 20 00 


I'll' Try, Afton 5 00 


Florence Fouts, $20; Mary A. Hargle- 

road, $5 25 00 

Michigan— $16.00. 

Crystal 16 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

South Keokuk, : 5 00 

Missouri — $2.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Two sisters, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 66129 

Previously received 2,039 34 

For the year so far, $2,700 63 

Virginia— $100.00. 
Second District, Aid Society, 

Lebanon 25 00 


Lebanon 25 00 


A sister 50 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Colorado— $50.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Sterling, $ 50 00 

Pennsylvania — $50.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Koontz, New Enterprise, 25 00 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown 5 00 

Workers. Lebanon-Midway, 20 00 

Oklahoma— $44.15. 

Cordell 44 15 

Illinois— $25.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. Roy Frey, 25 00 

California— $12.50. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Hemet 12 50 

Iowa — $12.50. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Panther Creek, 12 50 

Indiana — $10.50. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Oregon— $5.00. 


A. L. Buck, 5 00 

Washington— $3.25. 

Wenatchee Park 3 25 

North Dakota— $0.60. 

Cando 6u 

Total for the month $ 313 50 

Previously received, 1,128 25 

For the year so far, $ 1,441 75 


Pennsylvania — $171.50. 

Western District Aid Society. 

Windber, 5 00 

Middle District, Aid Societies. 

Leamersville, $12.50; Leamersville 

Tunior, $5; Huntingdon, $149 166 50 

owa — $50.00. 
Middle District, Aid Society. 

Dallas Center 50 00 

Virginia— $37.50. 

Second District, Aid Societies. 

Beaver Creek, $27.50; Bridgewater 

Junior, $10, 3750 

New Mexico — $25.00. 
Aid Society. 

Miami, 25 00 

Oregon— $15.00. 
Aid Society. 

Ashland, 15 00 

Ohio— $15.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Rush Creek, 15 00 

Washington — $10.00. 
Aid Society. 

Centralia 10 00 

Illinois— $8.50. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Mt. Morris 8 60 

West Virginia— $5.01. 
Second District, Aid Society. 

Pleasant View, 5 01 

California— $5.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Pasadena 5 00 

Total for the month $ 342 51 

Previously received, 5,942 25 

For the year so far, $6,284 76 


Illinois— $35.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Virden, 35 00 

Iowa— $25.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Dallas Center, 25 00 

Ohio— $10.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Brookville, $ 10 00 

Indiana — $3.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Muncie, 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 73 00 

Previously received, 134 00 

For the year so far, $ 207 00 


Pennsylvania — $10.00. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown, 10 00 

Maryland — $5.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

D. E. Miller, Washington, D. C, . . . 5 00 

Indiana — $2.00. 
Southern District. 

In Memory of Mary Lorenz, 2 00 

Total for the month $ 17 00 

Previously received 1,181 64 

For the year so far, $ 1,198 64 


Iowa — $14.36. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Dry Creek Junior 14 36 

Pennsylvania — $10.00. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown, 10 00 

Total for the month $ 24 36 

Previously received 355 85 

For the year so far $ 380 21 

California— $5.00. 
Southern District, Aid Society. 
Pasadena, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously received 92 25 

For the year so far, $ 97 25 


Virginia— $75.93. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Li. D. Wakeman, 50 00 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Ada Carter, 5 00 

Second District, Sunday-school. 

Elk Run 20 93 

California— $21.00. 

Southern District. Individuals. 

A. A. Neher and wife, 21 00 

Pennsylvania — $12.82. 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Ridgely, Md., 12 82 

Kansas — $12.50. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Sabetha 7 50 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

J. D. Yoder 5 00 

Ohio— $8.06. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Cottage Grove, Four Mile, 8 06 

Illinois — $5.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

A sister, Yellow Creek, 5 00 

Maryland — $5.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

D. E. Miller. Washington, D. C 5 00 

Nebraska — $5.00. 

Mary A. Hargleroad 5 00 

Missouri — $2.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Two sisters, 2 00 

Total for the month $ 147 31 

Previously received, 2.274 70 

For the year so far $ 2,422 01 


The Missionary Visitor 



Indiana — $66.00. 

Northern District, Aid Societies. 

Walnut, $22 ; West Goshen. $22, $ 44 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A. C. and Katie Metzger, 22 00 

Ohio— $53.00. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

A. C. Mishler, $20; Geo. Hartsough, 

$6, 26 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. Harvey Mote, $22; Bro. and 

Sister Jno. H. Rinehart, $5, 27 00 

Pennsylvania — $27.00. 

Western District, Christian Workers. 

Scalp Level, 11 00 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Tyrone, 11 00 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown, 5 00 

Michigan — $20.89. 

Sunfield, 20 89 

Kansas — $20.00. 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

J. D. Yoder 20 00 

Oregon — $5.00. 

Evergreen, Myrtle Point 5 00 

California — $5.00. 
Southern District. 

Los Angeles Junior Endeavor, 5 00 

Missouri — $2.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Two sisters 2 00 

Total for the month $ 198 89 

Previously received 609 68 

For the year so far, $ 808 57 


Iowa — $39.13. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Dallas Center, 39 13 

Pennsylvania — $18.05. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Newville. Elizabethtown, 8 05 

Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown, 10 00 

Indiana — $2.00. 
Southern District. 

In Memory of Mary Lorenz, 2 00 

Washington.— $0.50. 

Cheerful Workers, Wenatchee, 50 

Total for the month, $ 59 68 

Previously received, 716 33 

For the year so far, $ 776 01 


California — $50.00. 
Southern District, Individual. 
I. G. Cripe, 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 50 00 

Previously received, 1.230 03 

For the year so far, $ 1,280 03 


Indiana — $10.43. 

Northern District, Women's Bible Class, 
First South Bend, 10 43 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 15 43 

Previously received, 16 04 

For the year so far, $ 3147 


Illinois — $25.00.' 
Northern District, Individuals. 
Mr and Mrs. Roy Frey . 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown, $ 5 00 

Montana — $4.88. 

Grandview Boys and Girls Mission 

Band, 4 88 

Indiana^ — $1.55. 

Southern District, Young Men's Class. 

Beech Grove, 1 55 

Total for the month, $ 36 43 

Previously received, 318 87 

For the year so far, $ 155 30 


Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown, 5 qq 

North Dakota — $1.60. 

Cando 1 qq 

Total for the month, $ 6 60 

Previously received, 274 61 

For the year so far, $ 281 21 


Pennsylvania — $11.00. 

Southern District, 

Always Willing Class, Waynesboro, 10 00 


Purdon M. Trimmer 1 00 

Ohio— $5.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Viola and Mary Miller, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 16 00 

Previously received, ]', 212 50 

For the year so far, $ 228 50 


Pensylvania— $5.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 
Hannah Puterbaugh, 5 qq 

Total for the month $ 5 qo 

Previously received, '.'.'.'.'. 10 00 

For the year so far $ liToO 

Indiana — $50.00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 
Pike Creek, 50 w 

Total for the month, $ 50~00 

Previously received, 20 00 

For the year so far, $ 70 00 


Colorado — $7.75. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Blanche A. Long, 7 75 

Missouri— $6.78. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Walnut Grove, « 70 

Virginia— $5.25. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Fairfax 5 25 

Total for the month, $ 19 7S 

Previously received 41 39 

For the year so far, $ 6117 


Pennsylvania — $10.00. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown, 10 00 

Maryland — $5.00. 

Eastern District. Individual. 

D. E. Miller, Washington, D. C, 5 00 

Indiana — $3.37. 
Northern District. 

Young People's Classes, Pine Creek, 3 37 


The Missionary Visitor 


Texas — $2.00. 

Individual. n n 

P. G. Gross, $ 2 00 

Indiana — $2.00. 

Southern District. 
In Memory of Mary Lorenz, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 22 37 

Previously received, 496 27 

For the year so far, $ 518 64 


Pennsylvania — $67.84. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Scalp Level 40 34 

Middle District, Missionary Society. 

Clover Creek, 10 00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Denver, Springville, 12 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 

The Hereter Family, 5 00 

Kansas — $4.00. 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Verdigris, 4 00 

Virginia— $3.00. 

Second District, Sunday-school. 

Bridgewater Primary 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 74 84 

Previously received 1,661 17 

For the year so far, $ 1.736 01 


Pennsylvania— $3,747.93. 
Western District, Congregations. 

Ten Mile, $8.35; Greensburg. $29.15; 

Connellsville, $30; Viewmont, $5.61, 73 11 


Meyersdale, $22.15; Viewmont, $3.29; 
Pummel, $75; Fairview, Georges Creek, 
$8.47; Elk Lick, $75.55; Berkey, Shade 
Creek, $8.12; Uniontown, $25.55; Mont- 
gomery, $12.70; Morrellville, $15.80; 
Rockton, $11.45; Pittsburgh. $28.70; 
Maple Glen, $11.67; Maple Spring, Que- 
mahoming, $148.27; Walnut Grove, 
$303.80; Maitland. Dry Valley, $13.22; 
Beachdale, $20; Glade Run. $18.55; Plum 
Creek. $24.06; Maple Grove, $18; Wind- 

ber, $36.12 ; Rayman, $40, 920 47 

Aid Societies. . nn 

Viewmont, $5 ; Maple Grove, $5, 10 00 

Bible Class. M M 

Friendship, Windber, 20 00 


A sister. $1; Sallie A. Helman. $10; 
Caroline Meyers. $4: A sister, $50: N. 11. 

Plough and wife, $25, 90 00 

Middle DistHct. Congregations. 

Juniata Park, $50; Riggles Gap. 
Juniata Park, $10; Holsinger, Wood- 
burv, $15; Hollidaysburg, $50; Wood- 
bury, $106 231 00 


Replogle. Woodbury, $50; Yellow 
Creek. $30; Fairview, Everett, $6; 
Koontz. $30; Martinsburg, $65; Fair- 
view, $27.61; Leamersville. $25; Hunt- 
ingdon, $100; Dunnings Creek, $11.15; 
Riddlesburg, $12.25; Lower Claar, $41: 
Everett, $15; James Creek, $10; Roaring 
Spring, $20; Bethel, Yellow Creek, $23; 
P.urnhnm. T ewistown. $20.PS- f' ir son 
Vallev, $22.60; Lewistown, $86; Clover 
Creek, $20.20; Rock Hill, $25; Sugar 

Run, $2.50, 642 84 


O. K. Beach 4 00 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Akron, $14.63: Lebanon. $7: West 
Greentree. $33.45: Lancaster, $102.61; 
Spring Grove. $5; Peach Blossom, 

$130.74 ; Ridpely, $22, 315 43 


Lebanon, $8.55; Rankstown, Little 
Swatara, $11.50; Skippack. Minero. 
$24.50; Mingo, $60; Midway, $51.50; 

Denver, Springville, $12.50; Spring 
Creek, $14.23; Lancaster, $12.85; Me- 
chanic Grove, $38.82; South Annville, 
$72; Annville, $70; Springville, $17.75; 
Easton, Peach Blossom, $26.50; Stone- 
town, Reading, $3; Baumstown, Read- 
ing, $7; Ridgely, $31.55; Newville, 
Elizabethtown, $5.50; Lake Ridge, $25; 
Zieglers, Little Swatara, $9.25; Har- 
monyville, $12; Ephrata, $11; Richland, 

$27 ; Springfield, $12.50 $ 564 50 

Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown 20 00 


P. M. Habecker's Class Mechanic 
Grove, $40; Organized Class, Baums- 
town, Reading, $10, 50 00 


A brother, Lancaster, $3; Indivi- 
duals, $8, 11 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Black Rock, Upper Codorus, $28.26; 
Good Will, Lost Creek, $11.03; Mt. 

Olivet $5; Waynesboro, $3.05, 47 34 


York, $180; Hampton, $2.79; Latimer, 
Upper Conewago, $33; Gettysburg, 
Marsh Creek, $11; Wolgamuth. $3.50; 
Hanover, $11.61; Farmers Grove, $30; 
Hnntsdale. Upper Cumberland, $108; 
Chambersburg, $18.16; Newville, $10.43; 
Green Spring, $8.48; East Codorus, $50; 
Berlin, Upper Conewago. $42.07; New 
Freedom, $9.67; Shrewsbury, $11.30; 
East Berlin, Upper Conewago, $78.48; 
"Haven Run, $7.50; Pleasant Hill, $15; 
Mechanicsburg, Lower Cumberland, 
$31.73; Sugar Valley. $3.52; Browns Mill, 
Falling Spring, $3; Shady Grove. Fall- 
ing Spring, $15; Zulling Public School, 

Falling Spring, $11 695 24 

Aid Society. 

Shady Grove, 10 00 


Frank Snively. $1; B. F. and Ida M. 
Lightner, $5; Chas. E. Weaver, $5; 
"TCarbara Leiter, $2: Nora S. Sausman. 

$5 ; Mrs. Isaac Bashor. $5 23 00 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Royersford, 20 00 

Indiana— $1,157.44. 

Northern District. Congregations. 

North Libertv, $58.50; Wakarusa, $12; 

T?ock Run. $31 .65, 102 15 


West Goshen, $153; Camp Creek, 
SR2fi.11; Auburn, $16: St. Joseph Vallev, 
$17.10: Pine Creek. Goshen, $10.50; 
Topeka, $7.25; Goshen Citv, $108.65; 
Walnut. $30: Middlebury, $12.78; 

Union. Plymouth. $6 387 39 

Christian Workers. 

Rossville, LaPorte, 3 10 


Little Sunbeams, 70 cents; Little Mis- 
s'onaries. JM.25; Sunshine Band, $2.47: 

^ T o. 5. $°- Young People's. $7, 13 42 


Sarah Mishler. $2: A brother and 
s ; ster. Walnut, $35; Mr. and Mrs. Milo 

Gever, $10 47 00 

Middle District. 

Walton Mission, 25 00 


Mexico, $50.57; Mt. Vernon, Somerset, 
$3.69; West Marion. $fi.08 : Cart C-epk. 
$5; Lnsransport. $10.25 : Huntington City, 
$25; Peru. $10; Su?ar Grove. $16.50: 
Wabash. $10: Suear Creek. $7; Andrews. 
$10.80: Mexico, $20.31; Landesville, $8, 183 20 
Aid Society. 

Loon Creek, 10 00 


C. H. Pope.ioy. $4.60; A brother. $3.65, 8 25 

Southern District. Sunday-schools. 

Mt. Pleasant, $124.60; Locust Grove. 
Nettle Creek. $34; Antioch, $9.44: 
Noblesville. $3.80; Pyrmont. $60.80; 
New Bethel, $14.25; Union City, $10.92; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Howard, $48.96; Union Grove, Missis- 

sinewa, $70.66, $ 377 43 


Jas. A. Byer, 50 

Virginia— $1,117.38. 

First District, Congregations. 

Chestnut Grove, Pleasant View, $56.50 ; 
Oronoco, $10.47; Bethesda, $13; Dale- 
ville, $39.11; Daleville Junior Mission 

Band, $3, 122 08 


Oak Grove, $13.80; Troutville, $12.58; 
Mt. Joy, $5.70; Trinity, Troutville, $5; 
Laurel Branch, $12.10; Cloverdale, 
$110.17; Bluefield, W. Va., $10.60; Bethel, 

4.16, 174 11 


A. C. Rieley, 5 00 

Second District, Congregations. 

Sangersville, $86.55; Elk Run, Mos- 
cow, $15.50; Lebanon, $37; Oak Grove, 

Lebanon, $10 149 05 


Daleville, $5; Montezuma, $10; Mid- 
dle River, $47.97; Barren Ridge, $13; 

Elk Run, $10, 85 97 

Aid Societies. 

Barren Ridge, $3 ; Elk Run, $3, . . . . 6 00 

Northern District, Sunday-schools. 

Linville Creek, $24; Bethel, Unity, 
$27.50; Lower Union, $6; Buena Vista, 
$20.00; Wakeman, $2; Port, $7.50; Val- 
ley Pike, $26.53; Garbers, Cooks Creek, 
$20; Greenmount, $32.28; Mt. Zion, 
$19.47; Flat Rock, $18.20; Mountain 
Grove Chapel, $5; Pleasant Run, Cooks 
Creek, $36.25; Timberville, $25; Salem, 

$55; White Hill, $7, 331 73 


P. M. Funkhouser, $9; I. Wm. Miller, 

$5 ; H. M. Garber, $10, 24 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Bethlehem 44 50 


Blackwater Chapel, $25; Mt. Bethel, 
Beaver Creek, $9.71; Topeco, $15.32; 
Brick, Germantown. $18.73; AntiocTi, 
$23.20; Bethlehem, $16.50; Pleasant Hill, 
$5, 113 46 

Class No. 8. Pleasant Valley 12 00 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Manassas, $6; Valley, $12.36, 18 36 

Sunday-schools. , 

Midland. $14.52; Oakdale, $7.50; Mt. 

Hermon, Midland, $9.10, 31 12 

Illinois— $992.08. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Mt. Carroll, $24; Waddams Grove, 
$60.80; Mt. Morris, $10; Dixon, $9.35, .. 104 15 

Naperville, $211.76; Bethanv, Chictvsro, 
$40; Rockford, $26.44; Sterling, $31.02; 
Shannon, $28.73; Mt. Morris, $137.07; 
Cherry Grove, $10.37; Cerro Gordo, 
$62.75; Pine Creek, $35; Dixon, $13.10; 

Milledgeville, $89.90, 686 14 

Aid Society. 

Waddams Grove, 10 00 

Junior Classes. 

Bethany, Chicago, 40 


Mary Brown, $1; A sister, Yellow 

Creek, $3, 4 00 

Southern District. Sundav-schools. 

Sugar Creek, $15; La Motte. $19; As- 
toria, $26; Mansfield. $12.50; Champaign, 

$3.26 : Centennial, $48.26, 124 02 

Aid Society. 

Centennial, 25 00 


Mrs. B. S. Kindig, $10: Fred K. Easle- 
ton, $2.37; C. J. David, $1; H. H. Rohrer, 

$25, 38 37 

Ohio— $900.70. 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Eagle Creek, $10.70; Marion Mission, 
$2.66; North Poplar Ridge, $121.28; 
Portage, $1, 135 64 


Walnut Grove, Silver Creek, $10; 
Richland, $35; Nevada, $12.50; South 

Poplar Ridge, $2.06, $ 59 56 


C. E. Burns, $3.10; G. L. Snider and 

wife, $13 16 10 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Danville, $121; Zion Hill, $34-; New 

Philadelphia, $23.42 178 42 


Freeburg, $57; Canton City, $34.60; 
Dickey, Ashland, $1; Springfield. $50.21; 
Kent, $1.35; East Chippewa, $46.52; Mo- 
hican, $14; Beech Grove, Chippewa, $56, 260 68 

Sunbeam, North Bend, Danville, $8.25; 
Organized Bible Class, Black River, $15, 23 25 


Geo. Hartsough 9 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

North Star, $8; Bear Creek, $17.18; 

Cincinnati Mission, $2, 27 18 


West Milton, $1; Beech Grove, $5; 
East Dayton, $15.10; West Charleston, 
$20; Eversole, $53.11; Circleville, $5.50; 

Prices Creek, $18 ; Troy, $8 125 71 

Young Ladies' Class. 

Lower Miami 10 01 


Jacob P. Getz, 15 cents ; Barbara West 
and family, $10; Viola and Mary Miller, 
$5; W. E. Klinger, $10; Oliver Rover, 
$5; A brother, sister and family, Red 

River, Painter Creek, $25 55 15 

Kansas — $724.89. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

North Solomon, 35 40 


White Rock, 8 15 

Northeastern District. 

Oakland, $4; Richland Center, $6.83, 10 83 

Aid Society. 

Richland Center, 10 00 


Morrill, $85.31; Navarre, Abilene, $46; 
Wade Branch, $8; Ottawa, $10; Rock 
Creek, $38.50; Olathe, $50.25; Ozawkie, 
$24.11 ; Overbrook, $50.02 ; Abilene, $5, . . 317 19 

Mary Read Shomber, $1.50; Mrs. W. 

H. Entrikin and daughter, $5, 6 50 

Southwestern District, Congregations. 

Newton, $13.50 ; Protection, $15 28 50 


Prairie View $6.72; Garden City, 
$23.26; West Wichita, $11.35; Salem, 
$12.50; Conway, $100; Pleasant View, 

$80.56 ; Kansas Center, $22.70, 257 09 

Christian Workers. 

Wichita 5 00 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Madison, 10 55 


Verdigris, $10; Scott Valley, $7.68; 

Fredonia, $18, 35 68 

Maryland— $665.42. 

Maple Grove, 26 00 

Western District, Sunday-school. 
Middle District, Congregations. 

Hagerstown, $45; Broadfording, $1, . 46 00 


Brownsville, $46 33; Pleasant View, 
$165; Longmeadow, Beaver Creek, $16.10, 227 43 
Eastern District, Congregations. 

Grossnickle, $18.31; Owens Station, 

Denton, $6.64 ; Denton, $11, 35 95 


Union Bridge, $30: Meversdale, $35; 
Locust Grove, $20.22: Pleasant Hill, 
$11.98; Green Hill. $29.97; Woodberry, 
$16.25; Pleasant Hill. Rush Creek, $6.38; 
Long Green Vallev, $11; Melrose, $24.50; 
Fulton Avenue, Baltimore, $57.74; Pipe 

Creek, $27 ; Meadow Branch, $60, 330 04 

Iowa — $622.83. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

South Waterloo 65 00 


The Missionary Visitor 



Franklin County, $ 3150 

Ladies Social Circle. 

Waterloo 10 00 


E. L. Whitmer and wife, $100 ; Hannah 

C. Messer, $15, 115 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Fernald 26 41 


Panther Creek, $48; Garrison, $101.15; 
Tale, Coon River, $13.75; Robins, $36.36; 

Bagley, Coon River, $17.66, 216 92 

Christian Workers. 

Cedar Rapids Juniors, 5 00 


Mrs. A. B. Bonesteel, $4; John Zuck, 

$25; A sister, $1, .• 30 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

. Osceola, 28 03 


North English, $5.15; Council Bluffs, 
$2.43; Salem, $4; Franklin, $7; South 

Keokuk, $51.39 69 97 


Susan Brown and Daughter, $20; Mr. 

and Mrs. M. A. Whisler, $5 25 00 

California— $511.12. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Reedley, $43.20; Strathmore, $29.89; 

Empire, $18, 91 09 


Elk Creek, $17; McFarland, $170.56; 

Fresno, $24.55; Live Oak, $21.50, 233 61 


Live Wire, Live Oak, 1 00 


C. Earnest Davis, 2 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Long Beach, $28.90; La Verne, $6.01, . 34 91 


Lordsburg, $42.92; Los Angeles, $26.26; 

Hemet, $27.51; Inglewood, $15, Ill 69 

Two Classes. 

La Verne, 22 62 


Mabel Arbegast, $2; Nancy D. Under- 
bill, $7.20 ; E. P. Fike, $5, 14 20 

Idaho— $267.76. 

Weiser, $55 ; Fruitland, $31.70, 86 70 


Boise Valley, $69.26; Bowmout, $30, 99 26 


Iconoclast, Nampa. $3; Primary and 

Junior, Winchester, $2.80, 5 80 


Perry H. Sanger and family, $75; 

Lizzie Greene, $1, 76 00 

West Virginia— $205.00. 
First District. 

Beaver Run Congregation and Sun- 
day-school, 23 75 


Wiles Hill, $8.65; Scherr, Greenland,- 
$6.37; Salem, $25.60; Upper Lost River, 
$2 ; Oak Dale, Greenland, $32.63 ; Martins- 
burg, $2.25; Allegheny, $31.25, 108 75 


J. B. Rhodes, $6.75; Jos. Rembold, 
German Settlement, Maple Spring, $5, .. 11 75 

Second District, Congregation. 

Mt. Zion, 3 00 


Hevner, $21; Bethany, $20.75; Brick, 

N. Mill Creek, $16, 57 75 

Colorado— $175.11. 

Western District, Sundav-schools. 

First Grand Vallev, '$41.60; Bonita 

Valley, $3 ; Con Creek. $11.65, 65 25 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Sterling, $64 ; Denver, $9.55, 73 55 


Denver, $4 ; Haxtun, $41.31, 45 31 

Nebraska— $172.70. 

Afton, $21; Silver Lake, $5.50; Enders, 

$25, 51 50 


South Loup, $4; Bethel, $51.58; 

Juniata, $7.78; Beatrice, $20.34 $ 83 70 


J. S. Gabel and wife, $36.50; Wm. Mc- 

Gaffey, $1 37 50 

North Dakota— $130.97. 

Bethany, $3.93 ; Minot, $14 17 93 


Brumbaugh, $4.39; Salem, $15; Surrey. 
$10.55; Golden Willow, $20.70; Ellison, 

$7.40; Rock Lilly, Williston, $30 88 04 


Geo. K. Miller, 25 00 

Michigan — $126.64. 

Sunday-schools. / 

Thornapple, $37.04, Shepherd, $26.26; 
Elmdale, $12.50; Custer, $11.90; Fair- 
view, $4; Woodland Village, $10 101 70 


J. F. Sherrick, $10.50; John E. Somers, 

$4.44 ; A brother and sister, $10, 24 94 

Washington— $122.96. 

Loomis 23 15 


Majestic Valley, Wenatchee, $40; We- 
natchee, $13; Seattle Primary, $5.21; 
East Wenatchee, $13.50; Wenatchee 

Park, $4.10 ; Outlook, $15.90, 91 71 

Christian Workers. 

Outlook, 4 10 


Mignon Whisler, 4 00 

Oregon— $109.65. 

Portland, $51.50; Weston, $24; New- 
berg, $12; Myrtle Point, $15; Ashland, 

$7.15 109 65 

T enness ee — $96.94. 

New Hope, 8 90 


Mountain Valley, $28.79; Limestone, 
$14; Knob Creek, $10; Meadow Branch, 

$25, 7804 


W. H. Swadley, 10 00 

Missouri— $95.42. 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Kansas City, $6.05; Turkey Creek, $21, 27 05 

Southern District, Sunday-schools. 

Oak Grove, $10.25; Peach Valley, $5.32; 

Shoal Creek, $1.55 17 12 

Northern District, Sunday-schools. 

Wakenda, $47.95; South St. Joseph, 

$3.30, 51 25 

Oklahoma— $84.95. 

Washita, $3 ; Thomas, $46.95, 49 95 


Antelope Valley, $4; Big Creek, $20; 

Elk City, $11, 35 00 

Minnesota— $76.72. 

Morrill, 18 66 


Worthington, $27.91; Lewiston, $10.50; 

Monticello, $9.65, 48 06 


A brother and sister, Minneapolis, . . 10 00 

Canada — $51.55. 
Western District, Sunday-schools. 

Irricana, $3.20 ; Battle Creek, $13.35, . . 16 55 


A family, Pleasant Valley, 35 00 

South Carolina — $47.10. 

Mill Creek, N. C, $18.10; Brooklyn, S. 

C, $4 ; Melvin Hill, N. C, $25, 47 10 

South Dakota— $43.80. 

Willow Creek 27 80 


A sister, $10; Henry Taylor, $1; Mrs. 
Wm. Dumpman, $2; Roy and Hazel 
Dumpman, $3, 16 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Texas— $24.27. 


Manvel, $ 24 27 

Mo ntana— $20.50. 

Pioneer, 20 00 


Mrs. B. L. Jordan, 50 

North Carolina — $13.90. 

Melvin Hill, $7.50; Pleasant Grove, 

$6.40, 13 90 

Wisconsin— $9.15. 

Worden, $5; Maple Grove, $4.15, 9 15 

Kentucky— $5.00. 

Constance, o 00 

Alabama— $5.00. 

Fruitdale, 5 00 

New Mexico — $4.26. 

Christian Workers. rt/i 

Clovis, 4 26 

New Jersey — $2.00. 

Individual. „ •- 

M. B. Miller, 2 00 

Florida— $1.25. 

Individual. ^^ 

Sarah G. Felthouse, 1 2o 

Total for the month $12,332 39 

Previously received, 11,861 71 

For the year so far, $24,194 10 


On Jan. 26, 1918, the Committee appointed at 
the Goshen Conference, namely J. B. Miller, Galen 
B. Royer and C. W. Lahman, took up the work 
by accepting funds on hand and funds sent in. 
The Committee wishes to acknowledge the receipt 
of funds received for the remainder of January 
as follows: 



A sister at Reedley, $ 500 


Bow Valley Sunday-school, Alta., 15 20 

Colorado. nn 

Coon Creek Sunday-school 2 00 

Idaho. . Q _ 

Twin Falls Congregation, 59 65 


Macoupin Creek Sunday-school, $35; 
Big Creek Congregation, $12.30; Cherry 
Grove Congregation and Sunday-school, 
$3.50; A sister, Pleasant Mound, $5; 
Yellow Creek Congregation, $28.64; De- 
catur Congregation, $15, 99 44 


In memory of Mary Lorenz, Amboy, 
$5; Hartford City, Congregation, $17; 
North Manchester Congregation, $90; 
Counter Sunday-school, $22; Elkhart 
Valley Congregation, $20; Peru 'Sunday- 
school, $14.65; Pine Creek Congregation, 
$16.44; Pleasant Dale Sunday-school, 
$44.40; New Salem Congregation, $55; 
Spring Creek Sunday-school, $55.25; 
Pike Creek Sunday-school, $8.64; Maple 
Grove Sunday-school, Saline City, $6.32; 
Wakarusa, $5; Guernsey Sunday-school, 

$13, • 373 00 

Iowa. m „ „ _ 

Indian Creek church south, $3.87; S. 
Keokuk Sunday-school, $1; Pleasant 
View Sunday-school, Cedar Creek Con- 
gregation, $50; South Waterloo (coun- 
try) Sunday-school, Men's Bible Class, 
$62.50; Ever Faith Class, $15.80; Up 
Streamers, $5.50; Batavia Sunday- 
school, $22.52 161 19 


'Susan Crumpacker, Hiattville, $2; 
Holland Brethren Sunday school, $9.35; 
Royal Workers Sunday-school Class of 
Morrill, $19.75; Morrill Congregation, 
$15.25 ., 46 35 


Delia M. Galor, Boonsboro, $3; C. F. 
Fifer, Rehoboth, $15; Frederick Sunday- 
School, $3.75, $ 21 75 


Zion Church, $8.19; New Haven Sun- 
day-school and Congregation, $33.33; 

Vestaburg Sunday-school, $13.25, 54 77 


Harmony Sunday-school 24 00 


South Bethel Sunday-school, $10; Car- 
thage Aid Society, $16.10; Mound City 
Congregation, $32.10; Prairie View Sun- 
day-school, $16.54 74 74 


Grandview Sunday-school, f 16 50 


Alvo Sunday-school, $12.85; Juniata 
Sunday-school, 77 cents; Arcadia Sun- 
day-school, $5, 18 62 

North Dakota. 

Egeland 'Sunday-school, $22.64; Zion 

Sunday-school, $23, 45 64 


Mrs. I. Inboden, Logan, $2; Palestine 
Sunday-school, $4.50; Bunter Hill Sun- 
day-school, Sugar Creek Congregation, 
$6.26; Reading Sunday-school, $25; 
Lima Congregation and. Sunday-school, 
21.13; Percy Beery, Bremen. $2; Sugar 
Creek Sunday-school, $22; Happy Cor- 
ner Sunday-school, Lower Stillwater, 
$16 ; Abram Coil, St. Marys, • $5 ; Owl 
Creek Sunday-school, $5; Brookville 
Sunday-school, $60.50; West Nimishillen 

Sunday-school, $50, 219 39 


Mabel Sunday-school, 7 50 


Tulpehocken Congregation, $145; Tul- 
pehocken Sunday-school, $25; Palmyra 
Sunday-school, Spring Creek Congrega- 
tion, $31.18; Bareville Sunday-school, 
Conestoga Congregation, $20; Indian 
Creek Sunday-school, Indian Creek Con- 
gregation, $37; Wide awake and Will- 
ing Workers Organized Classes. Bare- 
ville Sunday-school, $8; Mountville Sun- 
day-school, $25.20 ; Harrisburg Congrega- 
tion, $36.30; Mechanic Grove Sunday- 
school, $2; Elizabethtown Congregation, 
$94.10; Elizabethtown Sunday-school, 
$21.57; Bethany Bible Class, Elizabeth- 
town Sunday-school, $10; Elizabethtown 
College, $12.78; Lancaster Sunday- 
school, $15; Coventry Sunday-school, 
$23.31; Philadelphia First Church Sun- 
day-school, $43; Parker Ford Sunday- 
school, $13.27; Ida K. B. Hetric. $10; 
Spring Run 'Sunday-school. $15; Snider 
Cross Roads Sunday-school. Woodburv, 
$28; Hooversville Sunday-school, $32.75; 
Codorus Congregation, $36 22; Huntsdale 
Sunday-school, $19.50; Woodbury Con- 
gregation, $5; Always Willing Sunday- 
school Class, Waynesboro, $25; Dunning 
Creek Congregation. $10: Tyrone Sun- 
day-school, $14; Edward Hardin, wife 
and Daughter, $2.50; Upper Codorus 
Congregation, Black Rock Sunday- 
school, $12; Malletta Ripple, Ro- 
chester Mills. $1; Snake Spring Sun- 
day-school, $5; A brother from Lan- 
caster, $3, 781 68 


Mrs. L. H. Sigenore, Rogersville, 5 00 


Pleasant Valley Sunday-school, 68 76 


Ladies Aid. Yakima, $5: Sunnyside 
Sunday-school, $40; Sunnyslope Sunday- 
school, $55.50, 100 50 

West Virginia. 

G. W. Annon, Thornton. $5: Frank 
Stultz and wife, Doversville, $4.60; R. 

Baker, Bismarck, $4, 13 60 

(Continued on Page 97) 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad 

visory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
J. J. TODER, McPherson, Kans. 



OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 


H. C. EARLY, President. 
OTHO WINGER, Vice President. 
GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary, and 
Editor of Missionary Visitor. 



Mt. Sidney, Va. 

Wine, A. F. (on furlough) 

Wine, Attie C. (on furlough) 
Frtisgatan No. 2, Malmd, Swede*. 

Buckingham, Ida 

Graybill, J. F. 

Graybill, Alice M. 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shan si, China. 

Blough, Anna V. 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Horning, Emma 

Oberholtzer, I. E. 

Oberholtzer. Elizabeth W. 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Vaniman, Ernest D. 

Vaniman, Susie C. 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J. 

Wampler, Rebecca C. 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China. 

Bright, J. Homer 

Bright, Minnie 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G. 

Brubaker, Cora M. 

Flory, Raymond C. 

Flory, Lizzie N. 

Hutchison, Anna M. 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Shock, Laura M. 
North China Language Seheel, Peking. 


Clapper, V. Grace 

Flory, Edna R. 

Flory, Nora 

Flory, Byron M. 

Heisey, Walter J. 

Heisey, Sue R. 

Pollock, Myrtle 

Schaeffer, Mary 

Seese, Anna 

Seese, Norman R. 

On Furlough. 

Cripe, Winnie 

Walkerton, Ind. 
Metzger, Minerva 
Rossville, Ind. 

Ahwa, Dungs Forest, via Bilimara, India. 
Blough, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 

Pittenger, J. M. 
Pittenger, Florence B. 

Ahklesvar, Breach Dist., India 
Stover, W. B. 
Stover, Mary E. 
Widdowson, Olive 
Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bnlsar, Surat Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L. 
Alley, Hattie Z. 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M. 
Ebbert, Ella 
Grisso, Lillian 
Mohler, Jennie 
Miller, Eliza B. 
Mow, Anetta 
Ross, A. W. 
Ross, Flora N. 

Dahann, Thana Dist., India 

Eby, Anna M. 
Lichty, Daniel L. 
Lichty, Nora A. 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 
Royer, B. Mary 
Swartz, Goldie 

Jalalper, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Jesse B. 
Emmert, Gertrude R. 
Hoffert, A. T. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India. 
Garner, H. P. 
Garner, Kathryn B. 
Kaylor, John I. 
Kaylor, Rosa 
Powell, Josephine 

Post: Umalla, via Anklesvar, India, 

Arnold, S. Ira 
Arnold, Elizabeth 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida 

Vyara, via Surat, India 

Long, I. S. 
Long, Effie V. 
Miller, Sadie J. 

On Furlough. 
Ebey, Adam, North Manchester, Ind. 
Ebey, Alice K., North Manchester, Ind. 
Holsopple, Q. A., Elgin, Illinois 
Holsopple, Kathren R., Elgin, 111. 
Shumaker, Ida C, Meyersdale, Pa. 

Please notice — 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
8c for each additional ounce or fraction. At this time place the following on all letters 
to India: "Please send via Pacific." 



is an Efficient Plan for Weekly Giving to 
both Current Expenses and Benevolences 

MliM Hllllllllllllllllllllllll WWII Ill 1 11 Illllllim llllimr 



consist of a carton of envelopes 
for each member giving a pledge, 
pledge cards, stock envelopes, and 
a Sower Financial Record. 

DEC 23 mi 

rem? omwNB 



.„, ,./*!« ift»*9r«,«» Cod festh potsxsMs} 


rstattt «ak« you* offcftofc «**T. ««* 

This 8W0 for Oursaives 
..F«t»g4. . n»S<>»«t,gw«», »*>«.»• 

ftm 3SHEV0t.E?ICES 


. jaw.-WoA'tO ew«»rt.w«*-ir»0 
.»♦/»* e<*«* O <a»te* *«jr»" ttasolO 

..._■ „ . .0 

Ttifs 5to'« fer Others 

1. Cartons of Sower Envelopes 

contain 52 envelopes, an explana- 
tory leaflet and an initial offering 
envelope. The Duplex Envelopes 
have two pockets and thus provide 
a place for amounts for current ex- 
penses and for benevolences. These Duplex envelopes are always printed in 
two colors, the benevolence side in red and the current expense side in black-. 

Sower Single Pocket Envelopes are for churches that still prefer the single 
budget system. All envelopes are numbered and dated to insure regular giv- 
ing. We can supply these envelopes, numbered and dated, in either white or 
manila stock, and packed in cartons with the explanatory leaflet and initial 
offering envelopes. 

Prices for either Sower Duplex or Sower Single Pocket Envelopes: 

White envelopes, per set, complete, 10 cents 

Manila envelopes, per set, complete, 9 cents 

Transportation extra from S. W. Ohio. 

2. Pledge Cards are provided for either the Duplex or the Single Envelope 
system. The Weekly Duplex Offering Pledge Card No. 1 or the Weekly 
Offering Pledge Card No. 2 (for the Single Envelope System) comes at the 
same price. 

Price per 100 40 cents postpaid 

3. Stock Envelopes, either Duplex or Single Pocket, and in white paper 
only, can be obtained for pew use. The Duplex Stock Envelopes have the 
same printing as those that come in sets, but are unnumbered and undated. 
Single Pocket Stock Envelopes are furnished in three kinds: No. A, Current 
Expenses; No. B, Benevolences; No. C, Pastor's Support. Price of either 
Duplex or Single Pocket Envelopes, 90 cents per 500; $1.50 per 1000, prepaid. 

4. The Sower Financial Record is made in three sizes. The Record is 
adapted to the Duplex System. It contains the individual member's accounts, 
Separate Current Expense and Benevolence Space. Provides for recording 
in detail receipts and disbursements. No. 1 for 200 names, $1.50 postpaid; 
No. 2 for 300 names, $1.75 postpaid; No. 3 for 500 names $2.25 postpaid. 

Send for Samples and Literature on the Sower Envelope System 

° rder from Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 

ess. A. S. Burleson, Postmaster General. 

Vol. XX. No. 4 

The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or mort to th« 
Gtneral Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Dif- 
ferent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra aub- 
icriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be 
Interested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscrip- 
tion for every dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of one dollar or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. 
When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper 
each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for April, 1918 



Brotherhood Cooperation of District Mission Boards, By Edgar Roth- 
rock, 116 

Solicitations in State Districts: How Best to Handle Them, By D. J. 

Blickenstaff, 117 

What Is a Wisely Active District Mission Board? By David Metzger, . .119 
A Living Support for'the Worker: What Is It? By M. R. Weaver,. .. 120 
A Glimpse into the Life of a City Mission Worker, By One in the 

Work, : . . 121 

Learning to Give, By J. Homer Bright, 122 

Trials and Joys of a Mission Worker's Wife, By Dortha Stutsman and 

Sister S. L. Cover, .."..... 123 

Some Hopeful Signs in State Districts, By Various District Represent- 
atives, 124 

Why Should We Emphasize Country Mission Work? By A. B. Horst, 126 

Why Emphasize City Mission Work? By Carman Cover Johnson, 127 

History of the Champaign {'111.) Congregation, By Walter Wallick, . . 128 

A Few Statistics from Our State Districts, By the Editor, 130 

History of the Pittsburgh Church, By Gurney Simpson Bail, 132 

China News Notes for January, By Laura J. Shock, 133 

India Notes for January, By Florence B. Pittenger and Josephine Pow- 
ell, i 135 

Prayer Hour, Arranged by Anna Beahm, 139 


Did You (Poem) ? 137 

The Bethany Volunteer Band, 137 



The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XX 

APRIL, 1918 

Number 4 


This month a number of our articles bear 
upon the subject of " Missions on the Home 
Base." Missionary endeavor in the home- 
land bears a most vital relation to our ad- 
vance abroad. Indeed, the missionary de- 
velopment of the home base is so impera- 
tive that we almost confess we have been 
negligent in our treatment of the home 
problem through our Missionary Visitor. 

of their souls' welfare implies a definite 
personal responsibility. 

For at least a decade, possibly two, our 
minds and hearts and prayers have been 
centered upon making our missions prosper- 
ous and supplying the fields with men and 
with money. All of this is well and good, 
and nothing has been done that has been 
unnecessary; but we are confronted with 
the task of development on the home base 
now, in order to keep pace with the devel- 
opment of our work abroad. 

The article of Bro. Edgar Rothrock, on 
" Brotherhood Cooperation of District 
Boards," calls to our attention in a forcible 
manner the need for more definite cooper- 
ation among our various Districts. Our 
General Conferences year by year draw us 
together in the .discussion of our plans, and 
the Conference of District Boards held at 
Annual Meeting is beginning to supply 
something in the way of mutual assistance, 
but certainly one of the future developments 
of the church will be a growth in the spirit 
of cooperation. 

It does seem strange sometimes, doesn't 
it, what a clear view some of us have of the 
needs of the foreign field, and at the same 
time what a murky, hazy conception we 
have of the spiritual needs of our own 
neighborhood. The petty difficulties of the 
church in which we live are allowed to 
blind us to the needs of our neighbors and 
friends. We do not like to see or think 
of their needs, for a direct, immediate vision 

Every local church in our Brotherhood is 
a direct asset to the progress of the king- 
dom. And every individual of that church 
is an asset in its program of extension for 
the Lord. And there is where our hazy 
vision sometimes manifests itself in our 
treating some of our members as liabilities. 
And why? Because of the responsibility 
that they place upon us. We cannot dare 
to be satisfied with our individual mission- 
ary progress until we have as clear a con- 
ception of our own relation to the kingdom 
as we have of what we consider to be our 
brother's share in the program. 

A well-known English minister not long 
since expressed something of the Christian's 
responsibility in these words: 'Any religious 
effort which tends to build up the spirit- 
ual side of man's nature is doing as much 
to win the war and to make the war worth 
winning as all the armaments of the world. 
The great empires of the world fell because 
they became decadent, not in material 
strength, but in spiritual strength." Surely, 
to the lethargic American Christian these 
are times, when, if the above words be true, 
our responsibility to maintain our Christian 
principles should be burned into our hearts 
and lives. 

Do you not suppose, dear reader, that 
many of our boys, when they read the 
words of our beloved President, who de- 
sires to " make the world safe for demo- 
cracy," wonder what kind of a democracy 
the folks back home will make for the 
world; and what kind of a world the kind 
of democracy will make that the home folks 
will project into it; and will that world be 
worth all of the sacrifice that " I in the 
trenches am making"? 


The Missionary Visitor 


The life blood of thousands of the na- 
tion's best, given freely, should awaken in 
our lives the keenest ambition of which the 
human heart is capable, to extend the 
borders of our King Immanuel into the 
farthest portions of the world. The church 
in no age has been able to prosper so much 
as when it was exercising in the spirit of 
the " Go ye " of the Master; and the present 
stupendous sacrifice of our country's strong- 
est men on the plains of Europe constitutes 
a distinct challenge to the members of the 
Church of the Brethren to redouble her 
sacrifices for the advance of the Kingdom of 

The generous contribution of $600 to the 
Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund, 
recently made by a dear sister who is inter- 
ested in our aged ministers, will serve to 
refresh our minds on the question of prop- 
erly caring for those who have given their 
best years for the work of the Lord. We 
have never until the present time been able 
to raise an endowment that would give our 
ministers an assurance of support in their 
old days. Possibly the need has not been 
urgent. But in these days, when we are 
asking our young men to lay their all on the 
Lord's altar of service, practical Christianity 
would seem to urge us to have an endow- 
ment fund increasing as they grow old, so 
that their last years, if they have no income, 
may be made happy and comfortable by 
the church which they have served. Surely 
we can truly say that the Lord will pro- 
vide; and He hopes to do it through us, who 
are given to the ministry of amassing con- 
secrated finance. 

Our missionaries to India, who sailed 
from Seattle in December, seem to be ex- 
periencing difficulties on the way. They 
reached Japan in good time, but only to 
find delay in securing a boat to Hong Kong. 
At the latter place they were being detained 
because of a lack of boat on to India when 
last we heard from them. Their hopes, as 
expressed in a letter received from Sister 
Himmelsbaugh, were that they might reach 
India by the middle of March. 

English missionary writes: "One of our 
evangelists first found this Moslem seeker 
for the truth not many months ago. During 
one of my visits this man 'Karim, who keeps 
a tiny shop, unwittingly taught me a lesson 
of more humble reliance upon God. When 
a customer intruded upon our talk, Karim, 
with singular politeness, besought the cus- 
tomer to- excuse him that day as he was 
busy! On the departure of the customer he 
said: 'My good friend, we are engaged in 
business much more serious than a sale. 
God knows my needs, and, should He think 
well, He will send that man to me again.' " 
Can one wonder long why God would bless 
a mission field when it possesses such sin- 
cere seekers as that? 

The sword has always been the favorite 
weapon of Islam, as truly as the Sword of 
the Spirit is the weapon of Christianity. 
In this simple statement we find the ir- 
reconcilable difference between these two 
great religions. Schlegel has said regard- 
ing Islam, that it has " a prophet without 
miracles, a faith without mysteries, a mor- 
ality without love, which has encouraged a 
thirst for blood, and which began and ends 
in the most unbounded sensuality." The 
Moslem Koran says, " Kill the idolaters 
wherever ye shall find them." Hence their 
hatred and massacres of innocent Arme- 
nian peoples. 

A refreshing incident comes to us from 
a missionary station in Bengal, India. An 

An exchange from the South reports the 
existence of a small body of believers (?) 
in that part of the country who have on 
their minute books this bit of " ante-dated " 
theology: "This association disclaims all 
connection with any missionary society, by 
whatever name it may be called. No church 
shall hereafter be admitted into this union 
until she shall have first produced satis- 
factory evidence of her being opposed to 
all missionary schemes." This might be 
the subject of some comment from us, were 
it not for the fact that some time ago the 
editor of the Visitor was told by a well- 
meaning brother, that we do not want such 
and such people in our church, " because 
all they would do would be to make us 
trouble, and we have enough of that as it 


The Missionary Visitor 


Adoniram Judson, one time in writing for 
volunteers, gave some very splendid qual- 
ifications for missionaries. And, by the 
way, they are just as necessary among 
Christian workers anywhere. He said: 
"One wrong-headed, conscientiously obsti- 
nate man would ruin us. Humble, quiet, 
persevering men of sound, sterling talents, 
of decent accomplishments and some nat- 
ural aptitude to acquire a language, men 
of amiable, yielding temper, willing to take 
the lowest place, to be the least of all and 
be servant of all men, who enjoy much 
closet religion, who live near to God, and 
are willing to suffer all things for Christ's 
sake, without being proud of it — these are 
the men we need." 

There are two words so short that they 
are uttered before reflection has time to 
repress them; so light that they flutter from 
mouth to mouth, without our even know- 
ing from whose lips they came; so power- 
ful that they justify slander, authorize cal- 
umny, reassure the most timorous con- 
sciences, and circulate without contradic- 
tion the gossip which destroys reputation 
and prepares the ruin and despair of fami- 
lies. They are called, " They say." — Golden 

The Waldensian Church adopted as its 
slogan in behalf of the Italian soldiers, "A 
New Testament for every Italian soldier." 
How well they are succeeding in this we 
have not heard, but such a possession in the 
hands of every able-bodied son of Italy 
would go a long way towards dispelling 
the superstitions of popery. 

from Romanism, and the attitude of many 
of the women is not what it was. Hence 
the present is a great door of opportunity 
for the Gospel. 

For nearly four hundred years the only 
religion permitted by law in Bolivia was 
Roman Catholicism, and the penalty of 
death was pronounced against those who 
would attempt to propagate any other faith. 
Today, after sixteen years of political 
movement and missionary labor, Bolivia is 
greatly changed. The revolution resulted 
in an entire break with the past. Now there 
is full religious liberty, and the cemeteries 
have been taken from the church and 
placed under the control of the municipali- 
ties. At least sixty per cent of the men 
(exclusive of Indians) have drifted away 

As an instance of how Christianity can 
rise above the influence of tradition and 
personal attachment, the Gilbert Islands 
Missions of the Congregational Boards of 
America and England have been merged 
under the direction of the English — the 
London Missionary Society. Careful in- 
vestigation was made and it was found that 
the administration of the islands by one 
board could be carried on more efficiently 
and economically than with two boards 

Few people are aware of the gross super- 
stition which exists among Moslems. One 
day, in a certain market, a stampede took 
place among the camels. They ran about 
in all directions, followed by their drivers. 
This went on for about twenty minutes. A 
celebrated marabout or saint happened to 
be at the market, and was only too ready 
to play upon the superstition of the camel 
drivers. After various incantations he as- 
sured them that God had ordered the de- 
mon, Rohana, to cause the stampede in or- 
der to punish the owners for having neg- 
lected to pay their religious contribution. 
The contribution was immediately paid to 
this saint, that further disaster might be 
averted. — A. V. Lilley, in North Africa. 

Years ago, when the great English states- 
man, Mr. Gladstone, was cutting down a 
tree, a relic hunter succeeded in getting one 
of the chips straight from the ax. He was 
so delighted that he turned to the crowd 
of other relic hunters, awaiting their chance, 
and said, " Hey, lads, when I die, this shall 
go into my coffin!" This was too much 
for his sensible wife to hear and keep quiet, 
so she said at once, " Sam, my lad, if thou'd 
worship God as thou worships Gladstone, 
thou'd stand a better chance of going where 
the chips would not burn!" 

Is the object sought for in our worship, 
a wooden chip or a live coal just off from 
the altar of the Lord? — Record of Christian 


The Missionary Visitor 


Brotherhood Co-operation of District Mission Boards 

Edgar Rothrock 

THE record of the growth and devel- 
opment of organized mission work 
in the Church of the Brethren is 
interesting. By the close of the seventies 
a number of State Districts had organized 
and there was a strong effort being made to 
provide a plan for the Brotherhood. But 
large bodies of people move slowly. Ap- 
parently fruitless struggles by Spirit-filled 
leaders paved the way for the effectual plan 
adopted in 1884. Today we have forty- 
eight District Mission Boards within the 
United States. 

For many years these Boards exercised 
almost exclusive authority within their Dis- 
tricts. If the Board was alive to the oppor- 
tunities the work prospered, and when ' a 
Board was inactive the Brotherhood had 
little opportunity to push the work. Every 
District Board, although selected by its own 
District Meeting, has always been the 
authorized agent of the General Brother- 
hood to evangelize the respective fields. 
While the problems have been similar, about 
the only exchange of methods has been 
through the Gospel Messenger, until recent- 
ly the Missionary Visitor has devoted some 
space to these Boards and the development 
of the great work intrusted to their care. It 
is true that the home mission work is nearly 
alwa}^s given a large place in the District 
Meetings, but it is a little surprising that 
it has received so little attention in our 
Annual Conference programs. 

There seems to be a growing feeling that 
the work demands that some means should 
be provided, so that the District Boards 
might be brought into closer touch with 
each other, and the work be more evenly 
distributed between the stronger and weak- 
er Districts. Also to give an opportunity 
for the exchange of methods and give the 
needed inspiration to plan and do large 
things for the extension of the kingdom. 

The General Mission Board has devel- 
oped our foreign mission work to a high 
state of efficiency. Aided most ably by its 
secretary-treasurer and traveling secretaries, 
this work of prime importance is in a 
state of development that does credit to 
the great cause we represent. Another 
branch of work, the publishing interests, 

has grown, under the supervision of the 
General Mission Board, to a place where 
it would be a credit to a church several 
times as large as ours. The Annual Con- 
ference of 1913, by amending Section 4 of 
the plan adopted in 1893, placed the key to 
" Brotherhood Cooperation of District Mis- 
sion Boards" in the hands of the General 
Mission Board. The disposition of the re- 
quests from two Districts, to the Conference 
of 1917, requesting the " General Mission 
Board to take into more serious considera- 
tion the evangelization of the Southern 
States," was a manifestation of the strong 
desire of the Brotherhood for this Board 
to take the initiative in marshaling all the 
forces of our Fraternity, that we may do 
our full share in reaching the 40,000,000 
Americans who are not connected with any 
church. I suggest the following for con- 

l.'The talent and money of the General 
Brotherhood, used to promote work within 
a State District, which the Mission Board 
of that District is unable to provide for, 
should be under the direction of the General 
Mission Board. 

2. That the General Mission Board ap- 
point two secretaries, instead of one as at 
present, one of whom shall give his atten- 
tion to the foreign work, in all its relations 
to the field and the home base, and the 
other to the promotion, of HOME MIS- 
SIONS. The latter should be an expert 

'field man; one on whom the various Boards 
can rely to survey prospective fields, to 
help establish the mission and act as general 
superintendent of the stations under the 
direct supervision of the General Board. 

3. To secure a larger cooperation, to 
deepen the interest and enlarge the vision of 
the workers of the various Districts, the 
General Mission Board might plan a Con- 
ference on Home Missions, to which the 
District Boards would be invited to send at 
least one of their number and their District 
Missionary Secretaries. 

" The field is white unto the harvest." Let 
us pray and work as never before to carry 
the whole Gospel to all the people. Twelve 
years ago in five Southern States the Pres- 
byterian church had fifty-eight congrega- 


The Missionary Visitor 


tions with a membership of 3,491; now 689 
churches with a membership of 44,425. 
Twelve years ago in this territory their 
Board of Home Missions spent $11,417, and 
last year the sum expended was $79,041. They 
have thirty-three demonstration parishes in 
the Southland, in each of which there are a 
resident pastor, a manse, and an adequate 

In five State Districts, whose territory 
comprises more than nine Southern States, 
we have seventy-two congregations. Only 
five have a membership of 100 or more, 

while forty-six have a membership of 
thirty or less. According to the last report 
our Brotherhood, through the General Mis- 
sion Board, expended in this vast field $850, 
or an average of $18.47 for each of these 
weak congregations. May we rally to the 
support of our General Mission Board in 
this great cause of home missions with our 
prayers, men and money. Then we will 
have a " Brotherhood Cooperation of Dis- 
trict Mission Boards " that will increase the 
joy of our Great Leader. 
Holmesville, Nebr. 

Solicitations in State Districts: How Best to Handle Them 

D. J. Blickenstaff 

MAN'S greatest need is a practical 
knowledge of Jesus Christ. This 
knowledge is contained in the 
Word of God. In order that man may come 
in touch with this knowledge, it must be 
taken to him, since he is ignorant of his 
need, and also of the remedy. Therefore 
Jesus has said, " Go preach the gospel to 
every creature." One of the requirements 
to make this possible is that a sufficient 
amount of our Lor4's money, now in the 
hands of His people, be placed at the dis- 
posal of the District Mission Boards, or- 
ganized for the purpose of working in the 
State Districts. 

One of the problems that confront every 
Mission Board is the best way to secure 
and handle these funds. Experience has 
taught us that to obtain money for any 
line of work, those from whom the money 
is to come must know and feel the urgent 
need. " If people only knew, they would 
do." Since it is looked to the District 
Boards to acquaint the members of their 
Districts with their Districts' needs, it is 
absolutely necessary that each Board be 
thoroughly acquainted with its field, both 
the worked and the unworked part. A 
study should be made of the geography of 
the District, this to include the entire popu- 
lation, as well as the number of members; 
the approximate wealth of the membership 
of the District, also of each local congre- 
gation; what they are now giving for the 
District work. 

In order that a Board may have this 
information, no better method of obtaining 

it has ever come to the writer than the 
house-to-house visit, or the every-member 
canvass. To make this plan effective the 
Board should make an occasional' (at least 
every few years) canvass of the member- 
ship. This will be found to have an educa- 
tional value that cannot be measured, and 
will well repay its cost many times over, 
both to the Mission Board and the mem- 
bership of the District. 

The logical man to make this canvass is a 
member of the Board, if the needed quali- 
fications obtain. No one outside of their 
own number can be in as close touch with 
the District's work and needs, from every 
angle and viewpoint and feel the responsi- 
bility quite so keen, as those chosen by the 
District for this work. If no member of 
the Board measures up to the standard of 
requirement, then the one best adapted, that 
can be secured, should be appointed, and 
he should acquaint himself thoroughly with 
the Board's work, and then keep in constant 
close touch with their work. 

The work to be done by the solicitor 
should be to solicit funds, information, and 
statistics for the benefit of the Board. Also 
to inspire confidence in the work done by 
the Board, and incite more prayers for the 
salvation of souls, and especially in behalf 
of their Mission Board. He should have at 
his command the information to present in 
canvassing the membership — the number of 
points where work is done; whether partial 
or full support is rendered; who the pastor 
or the mission worker is at each point, and 
be able to mention or indicate at least 


The Missionary Visitor 


one strong point in the character of each 
individual worker, and something telling 
that has been accomplished at each partic- 
ular place. 

One thing that has been found to appeal 
in District work is that the work is so 
near our own door; that the Lord has placed 
the opportunity immediately before our 
eyes, and that the responsibility of throw- 
ing light in the pathway of our neighbor is 
very great; that no other organization can 
do it quite so well; that many inquirers are 
found from children whose parents were 
members of the Church of the Brethren, 
and they have precious memories of their 
religious lives. 

Another point of appeal (and this often 
reaches our older people) is that our Board 
is striving to build up some of the old forts, 
that have gone down, which some pioneer 
workers had toiled and sacrificed to es- 
tablish. To the young the building up new 
on virgin soil, showing what has been done 
in a few years' time, and referring to splen- 
did openings and prospects now ripe and 
waiting, are the stronger grounds of appeal. 

One more thing in this canvass, and by 
no means the least, and yet one that has 
been much neglected, is to find endowments, 
prospective endowments, and bequests for 
mission work; to be able to assist those who 
are looking toward something of this kind, 

help them in preparing their papers, and so 
arrange that their desires will be realized 
and that their money cannot be lost or mis- 
applied. A certain District in our Brother- 
hood has been active along this line, and in 
a few years' time has increased its endow- 
ment many hundred per cent. In so doing 
confidence has been inspired, the idea of 
permanency established more firmly, and 
means provided that may mean many souls 
gathered into the garner of our Lord. 

One of the elders in the Tap Teang 
church, Siam, is a firm believer in tithing. 
During the recent floods in his section of 
the country, his rice field, as well as his un- 
believing neighbor's, was almost covered by 
the water. It seemed a complete loss to 
the Christian, although there was some 
hope that the neighbor's could be saved. 
But the elder believed it was his duty to 
keep on tithing in spite of the loss, and he 
now feels he has reaped the reward of his 
sacrifice, for when the harvest time came, 
he found the crop the largest he had ever 
had. The neighbor's field was a complete 
failure. Now the elder says that God 
opened the windows of heaven, according 
to His promise, as a reward for his trust 
in giving his tithe. — Selected. 


Front Row: Left to Right — Eld. A. B. Horst, Spencer, President of Home Mission Board; A. 
8. Halteman, Treasurer of Home Mission Board; A. F. Shriver, New Philadelphia. (Eld. Edward 
Shepfer, Secretary and third member of Home Mission Board, could not be present, hence is not 
in the group.) 

Back Row: IiOft to Right — W. D. Keller, Ashland; John Irwin, Creston; Joseph Bechtel, 
Ankenytown; H. A. Brubaker, Akron; O. S. Strausbaugh, Canton; D. R. McFadden, Smith ville; 
Oscar Bechtel, District Missionary Secretary, Bellville; A. H. Miller, Louisville ; E. W. Wolf, Hart- 
■Ttfle. ill'"' 

The District Mission Board has authorized the brethren with them in this group to canvass 
the District, to raise $20,000 in the next two years, to be used for Mission Work in the District. 


The Missionary Visitor 


What Is a Wisely Active District Mission Board? 

David Metzler 

OUR District Mission Boards are a 
result of the church's work in or- 
ganizing and systematizing her work 
in carrying into effect the Lord's great 
commission, the " Go ye." It is in complete 
harmony with the practice of the apostolic 
church, which, under the direction of the 
Holy Spirit at Antioch, separated Paul and 
Barnabas for the work whereunto He had 
called them. 

A wisely active District Board is one that 
realizes the trust committed to it, and the 
responsibility resting upon it, and acts ac- 
cordingly. It realizes that it is an agent of 
the Holy Spirit, helping to accomplish His 
work in the world; knowing that through 
indifference it would become a hindrance to 
the work of the Spirit in His relation to 
God and man. It understands that through 
it the church expects to do effective work in 
its allotted territory, both in the " going " 
and in the " teaching," and that its relation 
to the work determines to a large extent the 
success or failure of the church. It knows 
that the fate of the unsaved to a certain de- 
gree is resting upon it, and that it is a vital 
factor in determining the eternal destiny of 
immortal souls. The realization of these 
facts is the basis for its activity; the incen- 
tive that moves it to diligence in every de- 
partment of its responsible work, endeavor- 
ing to meet the approval of God and man. 

The fear of God — for " that is wisdom " 
in the highest sense — becomes a« mighty 
factor in its activity. It knows relative 
values, and realizes the fact that for a few 
paltry dollars which it might gain through 
neglect of its Heaven-ordained work, souls 
might forever be banished from the pres- 
ence of God, and will not allow the perish- 
able to draw it away from the imperishable. 
It believes that one soul outweighs the 
world. It realizes also that time is but a 
grain of sand upon the endless sea of eter- 

It is aware of its responsibility to God, 
and labors as in His sight. It knows that 
it is He to Whom it must give account for 
its stewardship. The fear of God constrains 
it to be active in spreading the message of 
love and life to those who know it not. The 
love of God, which was shed abroad in the 

hearts of His people through the Holy 
Spirit, which was given to them, dwells in 
it and cannot help but manifest itself 
through its deeds. 

Furthermore, it has the prosperity of 
God's kingdom uppermost in its heart, and 
uses every effort to advance it. It is not 
satisfied with "just anything." 'In its selec- 
tion of workers the fundamental doctrines 
and principles of the Gospel, which are also 
the practice of the church, are kept care- 
fully in view. Workers are selected who 
are qualified to teach these principles intel- 
ligently and convincingly, so that a founda- 
tion may be laid that shall stand the test 
when men's work shall be tried by fire. It 
knows that effective mission work can be 
done only by intelligent doctrinal teaching. 

The needs of each field are so varied that 
different types of workers can be used. The 
Spirit made such. " There are diversities 
of gifts but the same Spirit, . . . dividing 
to each one severally even as He will." A 
wisely-active Board will study the needs of 
each point where a worker is to be located, 
and make its selection accordingly. 

Since the Spirit qualifies workers as He 
will, He also has work for them; and the 
Mission Board becomes an agent to bring 
the work and the worker together. But 
in order that this may be done it must be 
spiritually active, allowing the Spirit to 
direct according to His will. This all re- 
quires anxious care, so that the Spirit may 
not be hindered in this most important 

It works its field according to the Divine 
plan. This will not permit a careless or 
random selection of locations to start a 
permanent work; and for that reason re- 
quires a careful survey of the field, which 
means wise action. The Spirit forbade Paul 
and Barnabas to work at different points 
where they had intended to work. If they 
had not been in close touch with the Spirit 
they would have failed at this point. Jesus 
taught by parables that those who steeled 
their hearts against the truth might not 
understand. There is such a thing as cast- 
ing pearls before swine. Macedonia was a 
field white for the harvest, while Mysia 
and Bythinia were unfruitful, and the Spirit 


The Missionary Visitor 


suffered them not to be worked. It un- 
derstands that " we are workers together 
with God." He takes the initiative — the 
worker follows. 

In order that this guidance may be had 
there must be devotion, consecration and 
activity on the part of the worker. By 
careful investigation the Lord's will may 
be determined in the selection of places for 
permanent work. It may require the rule 
given by Jesus when He told His disciples 
that when they entered into a house or city 
and were not received, they should shake 
the dust off their feet and depart. There are 

places where much time, labor and means 
would be required to accomplish little, while 
others are open and ready to be worked. 

It is aware that the means used by it is 
sacred, having been contributed by conse- 
crated workers under the direction of the 
Spirit, some giving out of their poverty, 
desiring to help in the Lord's work. A 
wisely-active Board will not become a 
channel-choker for the Spirit by making an 
unwise use of these means, or allowing 
them to lie idle while the work is waiting. 
It works to the limit of its means at least, 
using its funds in a way that will meeb God's 
approval, desiring to do His will perfectly. 

A Living Support for the Worker: What Is It? 

M. R. Weaver 

SINCE it is quite generally known that 
the writer of this article has been a 
city worker for a number of years, 
some might construe our statements as 
growing out of a dissatisfied condition, thus 
reflecting on the Board employing us, 
which would be erroneous, for ours has 
always been a full living support, paid reg- 
ularly every month for the last nine years. 
Here is something for other Boards to take 
note of: If at any time they did not have 
the money on hand with which to pay us, 
they borrowed it, so that we have never 
had to ask the groceryman or others to 
wait for their money, thus giving us a good 
standing in the community. 

When a man accepts the call to the min- 
istry he has consented to take a place of 
leadership with the largest and grandest 
organization of all the world's great enter- 
prises. When he answers the call of a home 
mission field, he is accepting a hard place, 
for it is either run down, or new, and in 
either event will require much hard work, 
tact and perseverance on his part; thus we 
se.e the type of worker that the home mis- 
sion fields need. Too long we have been 
getting along with just what we can get 
because of small pittances in the way of 
support. These home mission fields need 
the biggest men of the church. How are 
you going to get them? By paying for them, 
of course. It was said in Washington, D. 
C., a short time ago, that " you could not 
run a ship building plant on patriotism." 

Neither can you run a mission point on 
zeal and enthusiasm. As it now is the 
strong churches are paying a full and living 
support, and it is to these places that our 
most capable men are going, when it is out 
on the firing line we need them, blazing the 
trail; missionaries of the Pauline type. 

A living support — what is it? Simple! 
Enough on which to live! Yes, but how 
live? On the very cheapest, and in poorest 
houses? That is not living — that is simply 
existing. No man can do his best work and 
keep steadily at it when chafing under the 
difficulty of being honest with the men with 
whom he trades. If the margin is to be so 
close, how can he have the courage to lead 
and undertake things worth while? Or plan 
and propose big things? The worker should 
be a man among men — and not only among 
common men, but men of affairs — men who 
do things — but how can he on the average 
meager pittance which he receives? Why, 
under present conditions, let a minister pro- 
pose big things and he is at once branded 
as being visionary and not practical, for 
without home or scarcely anything which 
he can call his own, how can he command 
the confidence of men of big affairs? But 
let one of our ministers who has made a 
success in financial affairs, because he has 
given his time to it, suggest something and 
it is considered sound and sensible; he has 
a commanding influence. 

But why look at this question in the light 
of support? Too long have we held to this 


The Missionary Visitor 


narrow view. We spoke in the beginning 
of the type of man needed; why not pay 
this man a salary commensurate with his 
training, experience and ability? Why not 
pay him a salary sufficient to enable him 
to procure a home of his own and a com- 
fortable old age, rather than have him con- 
tinually haunted with the grim figure of 
charity staring at him from out of the fu- 
ture? How can a man do his best when 
tormented with such a vision? It is time 
that this thing be no longer so one-sided. 
It is time that we talk in larger terms than 
mere support for the worker. It is time 
that we have things more in common, and 
that he that has broad acres, cattle, grain 
and bank stocks, because he gives his time 
to these things, give to him that has not 
because he has given the best years of his 

life to a cause that provided only a support. 

Now I know there are those who will 
disagree with me, and believe that if we 
pay the worker too well he will become 
proud, and spend too much of his time 
looking after financial affairs. Say, which 
is the most wearing and tearing on one's 
physical and spiritual well-being, spending 
a little time looking after a few investments 
or prospering financial affairs, or contin- 
ually worrying over the problem of how to 
make both ends meet? One is just as much 
financial as the other. 

In conclusion I would say that a living 
support is a salary sufficient to assure the 
worker a comfortable living and an inde- 
pendent old age, for of all people he is surely 

2615 N. 22d St., Omaha, Nebr. 

A Glimpse Into the Life of a City Mission Worker 

By One in the Work 

SOME people called her the city mission 
worker, some the pastor's assistant, 
and others the deaconess, but the name 
made little difference, for there were al- 
ways plenty of avenues open for usefulness. 
It was Monday forenoon, and she sat 
at her desk, planning the work of the week 
which lay before her. First on the schedule 
were marked those activities which she was 
wont to designate as " regular." There were 
the departmental teachers' meetings for the 
different grades of Sunday-school lessons; 
the home Bible classes; the organized class 
meetings of the intermediate and junior de- 
partments for which she was responsible, 
and prayer meeting. She made a mental 
inventory of the number of hours that would 
be required in preparing the nine hours of 
teaching which she would do this week, 
in going to and from the classes, and in 
the preparation of the lessons; and then, 
as she thought of the " incidentals " that 
were always sure to occur, such as calling 
on the sick and the old, charity w^ork, Sun- 
day-school work, committee meetings and 
practicings, a smile flitted over her face to 
think there were those who asked her what 
she did to pass away the time, and if it 
were really necessary, in a church so large 
and well organized as this, to employ a 
trained worker year after year. "I just 

wonder," she said to herself, " if these same, 
people would be willing to look after my 
Bible classes, teachers' meetings, etc., if 
the church were to dispense with this 
office. I'm afraid they would say ' Let 
some one else do it.' " 

She busied herself awhile in planning the 
hand work and the new songs that were to 
be taken up at the primary teachers' meet- 
ing that afternoon. What a blessed expe- 
rience it was to meet with all the teachers 
and assistants of one department where 
together they could discuss the problems 
of their classes, pray about them, plan new 
work, go over the lesson together, and come 
so close to each other in their work! The 
city missionary was thankful beyond words 
for the tireless efforts of her predecessors 
in making these meetings possible/ 'for" It 
had required years of patient toil in build- 
ing them up to the place where they had 
become indispensable to the teachers. 

Just then her studies were interrupted by 

the ringing of the telephone. Alice M , 

chairman of the social committee of 'the 
young ladies' class, wanted to arrange a 
time when her committee could meet with 
the missionary to plan the entertainment 
for the social on Friday, night. They. were 
a fine group of young people, and enjoyed 
clean entertainment: if it-^was . provided... 


The Missionary Visitor 


There had been a time when the young 
people's socials had been a problem, but 
things had changed, and her mind wandered 
back to the time when it was a question 
as to whether or not she should be included 
in their socials. But how grateful she was 
that they had made her a part of their 
crowd, and welcomed her helps in the plan- 
ning of socials that were interesting and 
yet were worthy of being considered a part 
of the Sunday-school activities. 

(And, dear reader, should you question 
the advisability of a mission worker taking 
her time to enter into this phase of Sunday- 
school work, just weigh the importance of 
clean entertainment and young people's re- 
ligion and you will be satisfied.) 

Back at her desk her eye fell upon the 
Bible classes that were scheduled for that 
week. In a pleasant little home, in a se- 
cluded part of the town, was a dear little 
mother whose home duties had kept her 
from forming many acquaintances in the 
town. And yet these two had met, and the 
Bible class had been formed, and how eager- 
ly both looked forward to that hour each 
week! Although she had presented the op- 
portunities of calling to others of the 
church, few had availed themselves of it, and 
none other, save the pastor, knew how 
deeply the lessons were sinking, and how 
near they were to bearing fruit. How she 
loved this work! Was there not a soul at 
stake? The other classes were equally in- 
teresting, but space forbids telling about 

Another telephone call brought new op- 
portunities of service through the Y. W. C. 
A., but it must be left to the minds of the 
readers to fill out the rest of the day, the 
week and the year, with its multitude of 
open doors for service; for of all the ave- 
nues of usefulness in church work in the 
homeland, for a sister, few are more fruit- 
ful than that of the city missionary. 

J. Homer Bright 

ONE of the subjects discussed with 
vigor at our Chinese conference, 
held in May this year at Liao Chou, 
was that of " Giving." At the close of the 
discussion it was decided to have a meet- 
ing of the local church on the evening fol- 
lowing the close of the conference, to con- 

sider plans for systematic giving. The ex- 
ample of the Ping Ting church was a real 
impetus. A month previous they had 
planned to raise means to send two of 
their number to a Bible school for a term 
of two years. 

On the appointed evening, after some dis- 
cussion, it was decided that each member be 
afforded an opportunity to give for some 
definite work for a year, the manner of con- 
tributing, whether by the week, month, or 
year, to be left to the individual. 

From the suggestions then presented it 
was decided to send a lay preacher out 
among the near-by villages to carry the 
"glad tidings" to every man's door. A 
committee was appointed and subscription 
blanks were distributed. Every one seemed 
eager to have a part in this undertaking. 
At a recent members' meeting 52,000 cash 
was reported, already equal at present 
rates to about $25 gold. About a fourth of 
the members have not yet reported. 

When we consider that the average work- 
men must labor five days to earn 1,000 cash, 
and many days' work are done for less 
wages, together with the high cost of food 
and clothing and the poor facilities for wom- 
en and pupils earning money, we are en- 
couraged by this manifestation of their zeal. 
The teachers are earning more, and while 
none are yet devoting a tenth, they are 
making a good start and give encourage- 
ment to the project. May they all find joy 
in abounding in this grace also! 


Emma Horning 
Love me, brother, though I've faults, 
Flesh is weak and folly strong. 
Every day I fight to win 
But the victory's far from sure. 
So love me, brother, in spite of my faults. 

I have my faults, you have" yours, 

Who dare say that he has none? 

So, brother, if you will bear with me 

I will do the same with you. 

Let's love each other in spite of our faults. 

Each heart contains more good than bad, 
So seek not vice, but virtue more. 
Then watch the drooping heads revive. 
Yes, cure our faults with deeds of love,' 
Speak more of our virtues, think less of 
our faults. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Trials and Joys of a Mission Worker's Wife 


IF you should ask the consecrated wife 
of the home mission worker if she 
would give up her work rather than 
bear the responsibility involved, she would 
quickly answer, "No, the joys of service are 
far greater than the trials." Although she 
must be separated from parents and child- 
hood friends, yet these are supplied an 

After sleepless hours of planning how to 
remodel the children's clothes, in order to 
save the expense of new, some sister brings 
in material left from Mary's dress, hoping 
it will be enough for little Rachael's; or 
while wondering what she might do with- 
out in order that her husband could secure 
some needed books or periodicals, or attend 
the Annual Conference (not daring to think 
how she would enjoy going with him), and 
some kind relative sends a check, her faith 
in God's providing care is increased. 

When food supplies are running low and 
a brother, sister, or even just a neighbor 
shows appreciation of your labors by 
bringing vegetables, meat, fruit or groceries, 
she remembers how Elijah was fed. 

Often her reputation as a model house- 
wife must suffer in order that she may be 
present and on time at services, or minister 
to some one in need, but the inspiration re- 
ceived means much more than immaculate 
rooms and fancy meals. 

A trial it is when her children, who are 
so full of energy, make mistakes and she 
wonders if she is neglecting them in order 
to be " mother to all." But after prayerful 
consideration she resolves to try anew. 

Then she must be able to bridle her 
tongue, and even heap coals of fire on the 
heads of those who may utter unkind or 
even untrue remarks about one of her fam- 
ily or herself. 

But the hardest of all to bear is the dis- 
couragement that comes in not being able 
to reach the lost souls or to see any growth 
in others who have been born into God's 

Still, in her meditation she is consoled by 
• the fact that her Savior is able to sympa- 
thize in her trials, because He has been 

tempted in all points as she is, and realizes 
that the deeper her experience the more she 
will be able to sympathize with and serve 
those who need her help. For if she has 
never felt the pangs of loneliness, poverty, 
or discouragement, she cannot be as useful 
to those who need her counsel and assist- 
ance. Service that is not prompted by love 
and sympathy is not worthy the name. 

When she considers what she is doing, 
compared with what Christ did for human- 
ity, she is ashamed to call her little trials 

No one but herself can know the joy that 
comes from the fellowship with those that 
have been helped to some extent by her 
feeble efforts, and the interest and concern 
they manifest in her welfare is beyond the 
power of words to express. But sweeter 
than all is the whisper of the still small 
voice saying, " She hath done what she 
could." : . I 

Liberty, 111. 


THE mission worker's wife is one 
who, with her husband, has been 
willing through the love of God in 
her heart, to sacrifice not only luxury, but 
even the comforts of life, to go and teach 
Christ to a lost and dying people. 

The days come and go. The routine of 
housework that any wife and mother has, 
cooking, dishwashing, sweeping, scrubbing, 
washing, ironing, caring for thje little ones 
in the home and planning how to feed, 
clothe and care for the family with what 
little finance the good husband is allowed 
for his support, is the daily work of the 
mission worker's wife. 

Many times her strength is taxed almost 
to its utmost. Some one is sick, and she 
hastens to the home to help, or she may be 
called to the bedside of a dying one to hear 
that one say, " I'm not ready to die. Save 
me!" She prays, pleads and loses rest for 
several nights, until the sick one has passed 
away; then hastens home to find the floor 
cluttered with toys, paper, etc., which the 
little ones have made while mother was 
away trying to do her duty with the sick. 
Cold winter comes, with little ones need- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing shoes, clothing and eatables. This the 
mission worker's wife knows, so she plans, 
sews and distributes clothing, and many 
times sacrifices something needed in the 
family to buy for some poor soul who is 

The mission worker's wife is placed where 
; ; she sees so many needy that she realizes 
fully her duty to them in this world's goods. 
•She also sees sin-sick souls and cannot'rest 
without doing what she can to relieve them. 
a But with all these trials and sacrifices of 
o,ne who loves her home and family as well 
as any wife or mother, she is forced to 
leave her housework and many needed 
things to be done, to help others and give 
words of encouragement. The joy comes 
in (seeing, the little eyes of some dear, neg- 
lected child brighten and almost dance for 
joy,, when some absolute necessity has been 
given it, or when some weary widowed 
mother has been encouraged by a basket of 
food or clothing for her little ones, until 
she pours forth her thanks with tears. 

The mission worker's wife becomes a 
companion and confidant to all. The young 

people bring their secrets, the children their 
joys, and the mothers their burdened 
hearts. To all these she has been a loving 
sympathizer, and it has caused all the trials 
to fade away and joys to fill their places. 
But her joy reaches its climax when some 
of these dear souls come to the baptismal 
waters, where they renounce Satan and 
promise to live faithful until death, and she 
realizes it has been through her trials that 
Christ was brought into their lives. She then 
pleads with the Heavenly Father to give 
her strength to do more. 

Dear reader, if you could fill the place 
of the mission worker's wife for six months, 
the District Boards would not need to ask 
you for finance; you would be willing with- 
out being asked, " to give as the Lord has 
prospered you," until every mission worker 
would be comfortably supported and a sis- 
ter hired to help care for the home so your 
mission worker's wife could do more good. 
And you never, never, would forget to let 
your prayers ascend to the throne each day 
for those who have sacrificed their lives to 
woi*k for those whom Christ died to save. 

Some Hopeful Signs in State Districts 

Various Districts were asked to send in items 
for this feature of the Visitor, and we regret that 
so few have responded. Their words will give 
cheer to those who are laboring at the task. — Ed. 


The forty-three churches of Middle 
Indiana responded nobly to the call of the 
Mission Board. . Eleven of these are re- 
ceiying partial support. Over $5,000 was 
paid into all funds of the Board. Nearly all 

..the .churches paid into some fund, and but 
seven were delinquent in the main assess- 
ment. Mission work requires funds. It is 

,a, pleasure to work for such a membership. 
S> S. Blough, Secretary. 


j;V£he . Connellsville Mission has outgrown 
>the store room, and has occupied an 
^abandoned church, The Board is looking 
.for a. pastor for this i growing field. It is 
-a- " mission with a mission " — Bear Run 

ihaving been organized in connection with 

it. Markleysburg has become self-support- 
ing, and Greensburg soon will be. 

M. Clyde Horst. 
Western Pennsylvania Board. 


Southern Indiana embraces about two- 
thirds the area of the entire State. She has 
great opportunities. A substantial house of 
worship was erected about a year ago at 
Kokomo, from where good returns are be- 
ing reported. 

Pastors are located at four different mis- 
sion points and quite a few accessions are 
being reported from points where preach- 
ing is being supplied. 

Pray for the mission work of Southern 

Jacob A. Miller, Secretary. 


We have 880 members. We support 
three mission churches. One of these was' 
a decreasing church. We located a pastor 


The Missionary Visitor 


there in December, 1916, and doubled the 
membership the first year. We have a 
strong (elder) pastor in each mission, each 
in his second year in the present field. All 
are receiving souls into the fold. Our 
members are becoming interested. Praise 
the Lord! 

A. H. Brower. 

South English, Iowa. 


The home mission work of the Middle 
District of Maryland has taken on a much 
more hopeful aspect since the Board has 
been using a District evangelist. Just at 
the present we are without one. Increased 
interest is also manifested in foreign mis- 
sions since the Sunday-schools of the Dis- 
trict are supporting Bro. H. P. Garner in 

John S. Bowlus, 

Secretary of Home Mission Board. 


Acts 16: 9. The Macedonian 
call comes to us from a part of our 
District where the Brethren have 
not been preaching, but those that 
knew of our teaching have called 
for admittance into the church, and 
they want it now. They say others 
want the light more fully, but the 
territory is large, money is scarce, 
and laborers are few, yet we must 
and will help them. 

Thomas Barklow. 


The mission field of this District 
is large. "A great door and effec- 
tual is open unto us " in the cities 
of Grand Rapids and Detroit, 
while a number of smaller cities 
and towns are appealing for help. 

We look forward very hopefully 
because of the lively interest shown 
by our Sunday-schools in both 
home and foreign mission work. 

Peter B. Messner. 
Lake Odessa, Mich. 


He speaks no ill of any man, 
Xor tries to slur a maiden's name. 
He can not stoop, as gossips can, 
To cry aloud a brother's shame, 
But when an absent friend is slurred, 
He dare not rise and say one word. 

Who hears a friend by slander stung 
Without one move, one angry stir, 
With no defense quick on his tongue 
Is but a silent slanderer. 
A friend is one who, night or day, 
Will fight your fight when you're away. 

You are no friend unless you do 
Your all to shield a friend's fair name; 
He is no sterling friend to you 
Who will not swiftly do the same, 
For, if he will not check a slur, 
He is a silent slanderer. 

—Will F. Kirk, in Pittsburgh Sun. 

Site for the Proposed New Churchhouse, New Philadelphia, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Why Should We Emphasize Country Mission Work? 

A. B. Horst 

WHEN Adam and Eve were driven 
out of the Garden of Eden, into 
the great unexplored and unsub- 
dued world-field, to cope with a new order 
of things, 'because of sin, they and their 
posterity became tillers • of the soil, and 
keepers of flocks and herds, and by these 
occupations the multiplying human race 
was sustained. 

From this great world-field has ever come 
the literal bread to feed the world. From 
the rural districts has ever come the strong- 
est manhood and womanhood as leaders in 
church and state. And in all history there 
never was a time when the people of the 
rural districts, the producers of the world's 
food supplies, were more highly honored 
and respected than at present. 

Because of these facts, there probably 
never was a greater need, or a greater op- 
portunity, for country mission work than at 
present. That the country people have 
been neglected is apparent. Many country 
churches have declined, and in some in- 
stances have been abandoned. Many iso- 
lated places are without religious instruc- 
tion. There is a fault somewhere. 

In the last decade many of our most 
gifted and influential young people have 
gone to the city, and have become leaders 
in the city mission church. We all rejoice 
for their consecrated labors of love, and the 
results that follow. But the country church 
feels keenly the loss of their inspiration 
and helpfulness. Not a few (re) tired coun- 
try people have gone to the city and helped 
to deplete the country churches. 

There must of necessity be a reaction 
somewhere. Somebody must stay by the 
country work. 

Recently a successful pastor offered his 
services to the Ministerial Board of a cer- 
tain State District, saying that his experi- 
ence fitted him for a " large place," pref- 
erably in some city. Now we all admire 
those who have large capacity for service. 
God bless them all! We need many more 
like them. But why should not these gifted 
workers make the greater sacrifice, and 
offer their services for the upbuilding of 
some weak country church, or some neg- 

lected out-of-the-way place, and make 
them " great " or give them a " large place " 
in the eyes of God because of precious souls 
won for immortal glory? 

Now turn again to the Gospel Messenger 
of March 2, page 139, and read " A New 
Field." See what has been done in the 
country. And no doubt this could be du- 
plicated in many other places if the right 
efforts were put forth. 

What we need today, more than ever be- 
fore, especially because of the world crisis, 
is a restoration of the apostolic fervor and 
zeal in service. We need men and women 
" of the hour," who, seeing a vision of great 
things for God, and having a passion for 
souls, can truly say, " Immediately I con- 
ferred not with flesh and blood" (Gal. 1: 16), 
but are willing to spend and " be spent " 
in the active service of the Master. 

When we consider how great is the sacri- 
fice others are making in this world con- 
flict should we not greatly multiply our 
efforts in every way possible to acquaint 
the dying sons and daughters of men with 
the message of salvation and peace? 

True, there are many difficulties in the 
way, many obstacles to overcome, but God 
will sustain his own (Philpp. 4: 19), give 
grace and fortitude for every trial and 
difficulty (Acts 20:24), and will give "re- 
joicing with joy unspeakable, and full of 
glory, receiving the end of your faith, even 
the salvation of your souls " (1 Pet. 1:8, 9). 

Oh, for the power to live 

Submissive to the call. 
Oh, for the power to give 

And sacrifice our all. 

Oh, for the joy to know 
That Jesus died that we 

May live with Him below 
And through eternity. 

The priests absorb the entire surplus of 
the Indian, they collect all baptismal, mar- 
riage, and burial fees in advance, and the 
price is always fixed at a little more than 
the Indian can afford to pay. 

There are several million Indians and 
other native peoples who have not been 
reached by any church whatever and are 
as pagan as any tribe in the heart of Africa. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Why Emphasize City Mission Work? 

Carman Cover Johnson 

A generation ago there were no city 
missions or city churches of the 
Brethren outside of Philadelphia and 
Baltimore, and few in any towns of any 
considerable size. Now it's Brooklyn, Chi- 
cago, Dayton, Denver, Altoona, Uniontown, 
Kansas City, Pittsburgh, Hagerstown, Los 
Angeles, Washington, Johnstown, Roanoke, 
Harrisburg, Waterloo, Lancaster, Toledo, 
York, Akron, Detroit, and scores of other 
places larger or smaller. Almost in spite 
of herself, the Brotherhood has turned back 
to the towns and cities, as it were, complet- 
ing a two hundred or at least a hundred 
year circuit. For did she not begin in a 
little town in Germany and thence travel 
from town to town until she crossed to 
America, only to seat herself in German- 
town and Philadelphia, until under pressure 
of post-Revolutionary persecution she be- 
gan her migration to the rich valleys and 
fairly lost herself in the grain fields, for- 
getting the real harvest? 

Now what are some reflections coming 
from these developments of the last thirty 
years or so? In the first place, it goes with- 
out saying that the people, about fifty per 
cent of them in America, are now in cities 
of eight thousand and over. The centre of 
gravity of the church ought always to be 
in the he?rt of the population areas. Aban- 
don the country, the splendid agricultural 
belts in which our people have flourished 
and have so well- defined their character? 
Never! Hold on to them rather, and intensi 1 
fy and vary them exceedingly. But the 
towns and cities need the Gospel — " the 
whole Gospel "; and we are so fortunate as 
to be unhampered with the creeds that are 
really the basis of so much of the popular 
disgust with many of the other churches. 

Let the powerful and well-established 
country seats of the Brethren become any- 
thing like as enthusiastic for city missions 
as for foreign missions, let them make it a 
fifty-fifty home and foreign interest in mis- 
sions, and let them apply the same spirit of 
generosity in the support and handling of 
both types of missions; and the Church of 
the Brethren will double itself easily in ten 

But "why" city missions? Not only be- 
cause of great populations with whom to 
work, and the very probable increase in 
the church membership among hitherto un- 
churched or cooled-off church people, but 
because city missions have saved, are sav- 
ing, and will continue to save the youth- 
product of the church to the church, and 
so put them in position to take hold of their 
own problems of new-life adjustment and 
the problems of community-life adjustment 
in general from the angle of the whole Gos- 
pel in which we profess to believe. Would 
the brethren of our great and good Frater- 
nity believe that the sweet, quiet, holy and 
sacred environment of the country church, 
in which our boys and girls are being reared 
and have been reared, poorly fits them to 
cope with city life? No. And they shouldn't 
beliere it. But they should believe that the 
shock of city life needs to be taken up and 
absorbed by sympathetic brethren and sis- 
ters well organized into a city church that 
has become a nucleus of continuous en- 
couragement to a life of piety and good 
works such as the country church stood for 
in fact as well as in name. So the city 
mission or the city church is, for our people 
particularly, an absolutely necessary other- 
half. Our people cannot easily affiliate with 
other communions, even if they can and do 
and should attend other services and Sun- 
day-schools when their own are not avail- 

The whole Brotherhood must compre- 
hend this problem of city missions or city 
churches in the light of strength and in- 
tegrity and consistency to the whole Broth- 
erhood, before we are in very good posi- 
tion to extend our influence among either 
the native or the foreign-born sections of 
the cities in which we locate. To make an 
appeal to city people today, one must have 
not only the backing of an absolutely true 
and pure Gospel, but he must have a home 
base somewhere to which to refer those 
whom he is winning, and the home base 
must prove up in the^ real and tangible 
qualities of spiritual and moral earnestness 
and mutual community respect. 

Of course, the city mission must look 
forward to becoming a city church; and 


The Missionary Visitor 


the city church must look forward to a city- 
wide, interdenominational cooperation that 
seems like scattering rather than gathering, 
involving the pastor and his workers in 
street and shop and park and office building 
and restaurant and other meetings, where 
the evangelistic note may be sounded in 
prayer and song and preached Word in 
broad fellowship with others. Oh, it is an 
endless story, an eternal task, a wonderful 

complex of effort for God and His king- 
dom! No brother or sister who is inclined 
lo count the cost or to reckon the rewards 
should ever undertake it; but it is tense with 
interest for anyone who enjoys being under 
fire in the great battle for truth, justice, 
righteousness, and the souls of men. Why 
city missions? Because they are the severest 
test of our sincerity in our prayer for " Thy 
Kingdom Come." 

Champaign Church of the Brethren, Illinois 

History of the Champaign (111.) Congregation 

Walter Wallick 

THE first members of the Church of 
the Brethren to settle in Champaign 
County were George Dilling and 
wife. Some years before the Civil War 
they located near Urbana. Eld. John Barn- 
hart, of Woodford County, later located 
here, and the church was organized in 1863. 
Bro. John Metzger was the first elder. In 
1869 J. H. Moore was elected to the minis- 
try. Other elections were: A. B. Snyder, 
1868; Noah Kinsey, 1870. 

The church had a gradual growth, and 
about 1870 a churchhouse was built four 

miles east of Urbana. The membership at 
that time numbered nearly eighty, growing 
from a handful of eighteen. Later the 
members commenced moving away, and in 
1905 the organization was disbanded, and 
the churchhouse was sold. 

In 1913, following a series of tent meet- 
ings, conducted by Elders J. W. Lear and 
W. T. Heckman, the work was reorganized 
in the city of Champaign. Such an interest 
was manifested by the new members and 
the whole neighborhood that the Mission 
Board of Southern Illinois, under whose 



The Missionary Visitor 


auspices the meetings were held, decided to 
build a churchhouse at 1203 North Market 
Street which was dedicated Jan. 4, 1914. 
The interest and attendance were good, and 
the young congregation soon outgrew its 
original quarters. In the summer of 1917 
steps were taken to remodel the church- 
house, and the improvements were finished 
early in the winter. Dec. 2 the church was 
rededicated, free from debt. Bro. J. W. 
Lear, who preached the dedicatory sermon 
at the first dedication, delivered the address 
on this occasion. The improvements in- 
clude the addition of two Sunday-school 
rooms in the second story, remodeling the 
basement to accommodate the primary de- 
partment, installing new seats, and refinish- 
ing the walls and ceiling of the auditorium. 
The accompanying halftone gives a good 
idea of the appearance of the new church- 
house. The main auditorium is 35 x 35, 
with a Sunday-school room at the rear of 
the church, which can be thrown into the 
auditorium. The baptistry is underneath 
this room. In addition to the heating plant 
and kitchen, the basement is especially fitted 
for kindergarten work, and can be used as 
a small auditorium or can be subdivided into 
a number of classrooms. 

The membership of the church is now 
nearly seventy-five. The Sunday-school, 
especially the primary section, is one of the 
live departments of the church work. At 
the Rally Day exercises, held a few weeks 
before the dedication, the attendance was 
201. Sister Minna Heckman has charge 
of the kindergarten, which now has an en- 
rollment of thirty-five. Sister Heckman 
is also superintendent of the primary de- 
partment, where she introduced the graded 
lessons. Through the kindergarten, which 
meets during the week, and primary de- 
partment of the Sunday-school, Sister 
Heckman has had the opportunity of doing 
some practical missionary work among the 
families of Champaign. She is now labor- 
ing in her second year in Champaign. 

For a number of years Bro. C. A. Lewis 
was the only member of the Church of the 
Brethren in the Twin Cities (Champaign and 
Urbana), and it is largely through his ef- 
forts and personal sacrifice that the work 
was resumed in 1913. Bro. Lewis was the 
first pastor, and during his pastorate the 
membership grew to nearly fifty. Bro. 

Lewis is now the local minister. He was 
succeeded by Bro. R. N. Leatherman, who 
resigned in 1917 to take up pastoral work 
in Cincinnati, Ohio. The church had a 
steady growth under Bro. Leatherman's 
pastorate. Since Feb. 15 Bro. J. W. Kitson, 
formerly of Goshen, Ind., has been pastor 
of the church. His wife will join him in the 
work in the near future. Sister Hettie Barn- 
hart has been located in Champaign as mis- 
sion worker for nearly three years. She has 
been faithful in her duties, and has made 
many friends in the neighborhood of the 
church. Sister Barnhart has been a great 
help to the work of the congregation, and 
the members and residents of the neighbor- 
hood appreciate her assistance. 

The following extract is taken from a 
press notice of the dedication in 1914: "The 
members of the District Mission Board, un- 
der whose direction the church was built, 
deserve much credit for their work. They 
have succeeded in erecting a commodious 
house at a very economical figure, and the 
results of their work bid fair to grow into 
a large and prosperous congregation." 

Champaign is the seat of the University 
of Illinois, which had an enrollment last 
year of 6,000. Members of the Church of 
the Brethren, who are considering the pur- 
suit of post-graduate work, will do well to 
investigate the U. of I. with a view to con- 
tinuing their studies and doing some prac- 
tical Christian work. The church at Cham- 
paign offers unusual opportunities for prac- 
tical workers, as the work is growing faster 
than our present force can take care of it. 
The local church has already had a whole- 
some effect on the immediate neighborhood, 
and the future has opportunities which only 
need be taken hold of. 

Note. — The author realizes that this his- 
tory is necessarily brief and incomplete. He 
would be glad to have other facts and cor- 
rections of the early history of the work of 
the Brethren in Champaign County. Corre- 
spondence from former members will be 
appreciated. Address, care of Twin City 
Printing Co., Champaign, 111. 

In South America every effort has been 
made by Roman priests to prevent the 
spread of evangelical truth. The Bible is 
pronounced an immoral Book, and the 
priests seize every opportunity to destroy it. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Few Statistics From Our State Districts 

The Editor 

THE facts presented in the accom- 
panying table have been gathered 
from the Secretaries of the various 
District Mission Boards during the past 
fall and winter. No particular comment 
is necessary, for these figures tell their own 
story and each one can gather the particular 
message for himself that he should have. 
There will be found facts in these that 

give us encouragement, and again some 
things will not appear as rosy as we had 
hoped. It was somewhat of a surprise to 
us to learn that there were 87 missions in 
the Brotherhood that were being fully sup- 
ported by District Boards, and also that 65 
workers are being cared for in full, with 12 
sisters and 103 ministers being given a par- 
tial support. The fact that only 23 church- 

District Mission Survey 



California, N., 

California, S 

Colorado, W., 


Illinois, N., 

Illinois, S., 

Indiana, M., 

Indiana, N., 

Indiana, S., 

Iowa, M., 

Iowa, N., 

Iowa, S., 

Kansas, N. E., 

Kansas, N. W., 

Kansas, S. E., 

Kansas, S. W., .... 

Maryland, E., 

Maryland, M., 

Maryland, W., 


Missouri, M., 

Missouri, N 

Missouri, S., 


N. Dakota, 

N. and S. Carolina, 

Ohio, N. E., 

Ohio, N. W 

Ohio, S., 



Pennsylvania, E., . 
Pennsylvania, M.. . 
Pennsylvania, S. E., 
Pennsylvania, S., . . 
Pennsylvania, W., . 



Virginia, E., 

"Virginia, N., 

Virginia, 1st, 

Virginia, 2nd, 


West Virginia, 1st, 
West Virginia, 2nd, 

00 f3 

.22 w 

,.| 1 

2 2 

3 3 

21 2 

4 5 

11] 5 

6 1 

21 2 

1 2 

l| 1 

3| 3 

2| 2| 




<J2 r^J 


o u 



Nov. 1, 
Oct. 1, , 
July 31, 
Nov. 30, 
April 1, 
3 July 1, 

|$ 182.39 

Oct. 1, ... 

Oct. 1, ... 

Sept. 1, . 

Oct. 1, ... 

Sept. 1, . 

Aug. 15, . 

Sept. 25, . 

Oct. 15, . 

lOct. 1, .. 

2 Oct. 25, . 

..lOct. 1, .. 

. . . March 31, 

2 April 1, . 
lSept. 1, .. 
4 June 30, . 

3 Oct. 1, .. 
lOct. 12, . 
ljSept. 30, 
6 June 30, . 

May 15, . 

Aug. 30, 
March 1, 
April 1, 
Sept. 1, 
Aug. 23, 
April 1, 
Dec. 31, 
Oct. 1, . 
April 1, 

2 April 1, 
4 Sept. 1, 

Dec. 1, . 
Aug. 15, 
March 31 
Aug. 1 
.(March 31 

3 Aug. 15, 
.|Oct. 31, 

$ 610.03 





















4,107.061 All 
































Total. | 87165112|103)108193124|68|10116|32| 8|93|92| 66) [$76,145.94 j$79,530.53 [541 1115 


The Missionary Visitor 


houses are reported by the Boards as being 
vacant and unused is a point well worth 
considering. We could hardly gather from 
this statement that our country churches 
are being deserted very rapidly. We know 
that some of the churches should not be 
deserted, and then again we know of others 
that we could hardly expect to be otherwise. 

We would emphasize by mentioning it 
here that there were built during the last 
fiscal year sixteen new houses of worship 
and 32 remodeled. What does it mean that 
so many must be remodeled? Simply that 
our people at that rate of 32 churches per 
year are catching the spirit of progress, 
and are manifesting this desire by re- 
modeling their houses so as to fill the needs 
for Sunday-school quarters, commodious 
and attractive. 

Likewise would we mention that 8 par- 
sonages were erected during the year, a 
sign that our people are planning to ade- 
quately care for those who give their entire 
time for the Lord's work. We also learn 
from these statistics that one church out of 
every ten fully supports her pastor, while 
another one out of each ten partially does 
so. And so far as the District Secretaries 
were able to know, one church out of every 
twelve of these not having pastors were 
seeking for them. 

When we consider the fact that the sup- 
ported pastor is only a product of recent 
years and that nearly one church out of 
every five is supporting a man in full or 
partially it shows the trend of affairs among 
us. Nor does it require a very long-headed 
prophet to see that there will be an in- 
creasing call for the prepared minister. And 
reasoning further along this line this very 
fact ought to inspire our ministers to fit 
themselves for the tasks which will inevi- 
tably beckon them. 

We do not desire to consider this last 
statement as applying only to young men. 
The term " young " is really a relative term. 
We are so prone to reckon all things possi- 
ble to youthful years. We know some very 
fine ministers who are " young " old men 
and they are moving our churches toward 
Jesus Christ, in consecration, in gifts to mis- 
sions and in vision of the lost world. And 
again we have heard of some ministers, 
young in years, but very old in disposition, 
— ministers who have little vision and, what 

is more tragic, slight disposition to gain a 
larger. Therefore to sum up the last two 
paragraphs we believe that we can state it 
plainly and truthfully when we say that the 
Church of the Brethren is developing in 
such a manner that there will never come a 
time when the man who is willing to work 
and who is willing to work in a needy place 
need ever feel, regardless of his age, that the 
pulpits will be crowded. The fact that we 
have three thousand ministers and that 
sixty-six churches in the Brotherhood can 
not find pastors out of the 2,820 who are not 
being fully or partially supported now, cer- 
tainly shows that there is still room for 
the man baptized with the spirit of sacrifice 
and service. 

But these various truths presented here 
are merely suggestive and we prefer for 
each reader to draw his own conclusions 
from the table given. And incidentally we 
shall be glad to have your thoughts for the 
Missionary Visitor if you feel impressed to 
send them in. 


Matt. 24:14 

OH, the Gospel of the Lord 
Must be carried all abroad 
Ere He comes, ere He comes. 
Can the Master count on you, 
As a witness strong and true, 
Till He comes, till He comes? 


Beautiful feet that bear glad tidings, 
Making all one — no more dividings; 
Beautiful kingdom — Christ the King, 
Over the world this anthem ring. 

Saving Gospel, saving Grace, 
Blessed boon for every race — 

Him proclaim, Him proclaim. 
Debtors all, ye servants are — ■ 
Meet thy debt, and clear the bar 

When He comes, when He comes. 

He is coming — oh, the day! 

" Come ye blessed," can He say, 

When He comes, when He comes? 
Christ alone can save the world, 
But ye saints must be the herald 

Till He comes, till He comes. 

— Wm. Kinsey. 


The Missionary Visitor 


History of the Pittsburgh Church 

Gurney Simpson Bail 

AT the District Meeting held in the 
Shade Creek congregation Aug. 22, 
1899, Bro. S. S. Blough was sent to 
Pittsburgh to look up a city mission field, 
the District Meeting securing him a sup- 

May 27, 1900, Bro. Blough, who, in the 
meantime, had selected a location and had 
moved his family to Pittsburgh, taught the 
first Sunday-school lesson in the front room 
pi his own home at No. 8 Camp Street, on 
Herron Hill. There were present Samuel 

C. Cover, Etta V. Cover, Cyrus Replogle, 
Joseph Replogle, Sylvanus Rishel, S. S. 
Blough, Mrs. Mary W. Blough and Carman 
G. Blough, then four and one-half years of 
age. Two services each Sunday forenoon 
were held until 1900, in the missionaries' 

Soon it developed that there were other 
Brethren in Pittsburgh, and, because most 
of them were located in or near to Hazel- 
wood District, it seemed wise for Bro. 
Blough to move to Courteland Street, Hazel- 
wood. Nov. 18, 1900, the first meeting in 
Moore's Hall, on Hazelwood Avenue, Hazel- 
wood, was held. 

In the meantime night meetings once a 
month had been held at the home of Bro. 

D. F. Troxel, in Wilmerding, and at other 
homes of Brethren and friends throughout 
the city, and although the regular meeting 
place on Hazelwood was very unattractive, 
because of its location over a livery stable 
and immediately adjacent to an undertaker's 
room, there was much faithfulness on the 
part of the members in these humble be- 

The time came at last when the Pitts- 
burgh Mission should become a regular 
congregation. The elders at Walnut Grove, 
Johnstown, Pa., in District Meeting, as- 
sembled in 1902 and appointed a committee 
of three elders — Joseph Holsopple, D. H. 
Walker, W. A. Gaunt — to organize the 
Pittsburgh church. July 6, 1902, this com- 
mittee met the mission at Moore's Hall, and 
at 2 o'clock a special meeting of organiza- 
tion was held. After a few explanatory re- 
marks, founded upon the principles and doc- 
trines of the Church of the Brethren, the 

twenty-seven members present decided by 
vote to organize the congregation. 

On Sunday evening following the organ- 
ization Eld. D. H. Walker preached the 
first sermon to an organized body of 
Brethren in the city of Pittsburgh. 

After three years in Moore's Hall this 
growing congregation moved to the hall of 
the Hazelwood Trust Company, and from 
there into the fine brick church on the 
corner of Greenfield Avenue and Montclair 
Street. Sunday morning, Oct. 2, 1904, the 
dedicatory address was delivered in this 
building by Eld. Swigart. 

After Bro. Blough had acted as missionary 
and then elder in charge for seven years he 
tendered his resignation May 5, 1907. Dur- 
ing this time the mission had grown from 
a mere handful of worshipers to over one 
hundred, and the Pittsburgh church had a 
brilliant outlook. Bro. Blough's benediction 
upon the Pittsburgh church was that it 
might grow and prosper always under the 
nurture and guidance of the Lord. 

This left the pulpit vacant for two months, 
during which time Elders Walker and Gaunt 
supplied. Bro. M. J. Weaver was extended 
a call and moved into the parsonage to take 
up his regular work in July, 1907. In No- 
vember, 1909, Bro. Weaver brought his new 
wife to the parsonage, and soon her help- 
fulness in all the varied activities of the 
congregation were manifest. During Bro. 
Weaver's labors the congregation relin- 
quished its dependence upon the District 
Mission Board of Western Pennsylvania, 
and became self-supporting in 1910. 

In July, 1912, the congregation was called 
upon to relieve Bro. Weaver of his charge, 
he having been called to the pastorate of 
the Everett congregation in Middle Penn- 
sylvania. This separation was an unusually 
difficult experience for the congregation, as 
Brother and Sister Weaver had lived very 
helpfully into the lives of all, their conse- 
cration to the Lord and His people being 
always in evidence. 

In this period evangelistic services were 
held by C. O. Beery, Jasper Barnthouse, 
Harvey Replogle, John H. Cassady, and 
Milton C. Swigart. 

After the departure of Bro. Weaver, Bro. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Carman C. Johnson, who since the fall of 
1900 had been connected with the congre- 
gation, took charge of the pulpit until Bro. 
Herman B. Heisey arrived to take the pas- 
torate temporarily. The previous decision 
of Brother and Sister Heisey to go as mis- 
sionaries to India prevented them from 
seriously considering a call to the perma- 
nent pastorate of the church. When Bro. 
Heisey left for his vacation, preparatory to 
departing for India, Bro. Carman C. John- 
son again filled the pulpit. Bro. S. W. Bail 
was then chosen as temporary pastor, pend- 
ing the selection of a permanent one. Bro. 
Bail served the congregation faithfully un- 
til Feb. 1, 1913, during which time he was 
married and took residence in the parson- 

On Sunday, Feb. 2, 1913, Eld. D. H. Walk- 
er delivered the charge to Eld. T. Rodney 
Coffman as permanent pastor of the Pitts- 
burgh congregation. The roll of church 
membership numbered 175 when Bro. Coff- 
man took charge of the congregation. Over 

200 are now enrolled as members. Bro. 
Coffman served the congregation for al- 
most five years, and then resigned to take 
the pastorate at Meyersdale, Pa. 

Bro. S. W. Bail was again called to take 
the pastorate temporarily, after which he 
was elected as the permanent pastor for 
one year. Bro. Bail regrets very much that 
he cannot remain with the Pittsburgh 
Brethren, but feels that there are even 
greater responsibilities awaiting him in the 

The Pittsburgh church of the Brethren 
has a wonderful outlook for growth, a wide 
field to work, which makes the work both 
interesting and helpful. The church is 
growing rapidly, and even now plans are 
on foot either to enlarge the old building 
or rebuild anew entirely. 

The graded lesson work has recently 
been installed in the primary department, 
and the Sunday-school is a real live work- 
shop of Christian development. 

China News Notes for January 

Laura J. Shock 

JANUARY 6 Bro. Crumpacker, of Ping 
Ting Hsien, in connection with Bro. 
Bright and Bro. Flory, began a series 
of meetings in our chapel in Liao, which 
lasted for ten days. During the morning 
sessions Bro. Crumpacker gave lessons 
from the Sermon on the Mount, Bro. Flory 
from the Epistle to the Galatians, while 
Bro. Bright gave helpful talks from the 
Epistle of James. The afternoon sessions 
were led by Bro. Crumpacker, who delivered 
powerful sermons on such subjects as " Ye 
Cannot Serve Two Masters," " What Shall 
I Do to Be Saved," and others equally as 
impressive, to a Chinese audience. All 
these meetings were well attended and much 
interest was manifested throughout. At the 
closing session three men and two school- 
girls were baptized, and thirty-nine souls 
had expressed their determination to be 
followers of the one true God. The meet- 
ings were followed by a love feast where 
the fellowship of love and good will was a 
real feast to every one. 

Jan. 11 Sister Blough left Ping Ting for 

T'ai Ku, where two of our Christian women 
have been attending Bible School, and ac- 
companied them a few days later back to 
Ping Ting at the close of their term's 
work. ^8 

The dry winter among our Shansi moun- 
tains stands out in sharp contrast with the 
extremely rainy season of last summer. No 
snow nor rain has fallen since early in 
November. As a result the streets are ex- 
ceedingly dusty. <£ 

Liao has recently been favored with the 
opening of a new shop controlled by Chi- 
nese Christians. It is the only one of its 
kind in the city, and its closed doors on 
Sunday bear a silent message to these peo- 
ple as to the proper keeping of the Lord's 
Day. ^ 

Jan. 31 Bro. Ma, of Liao Chou, passed to 
his eternal reward. He is the third of our 
number to be claimed by death since the 
establishment of our mission at*this place. 

The reform movement, which has recent- 
ly been started in Shansi in the effort to 


The Missionary Visitor 


eliminate foot-binding, has been taken hold 
of in good earnest by the .city official at 
Ping Ting, and fruits of the effort are be- 
ing seen on every hand; but while the feet 
of most of the women have been distorted 
for life and the custom cannot be entirely 
eliminated in this generation, we have large 
hopes for the coming generation, for we 
believe the present movement will be the 
beginning of a brighter future for the thou- 
sands of women who have so long been in 
bondage and ignorance. 

Mrs. Chang (one of the Bible women) 
and the wife of one of our Christians at 
Ping Ting have, under the appointment 
of the city official, visited about thirty homes 
among the people of the higher class in the 
interests of anti-foot-binding. By first work- 
ing more especially among this class it is 
thought the others will more readily yield. 

At one of our weekly Thursday meetings 
for the women, Bro. Yin, the newly-elected 
Chinese minister, gave a very forceful talk 
to the women on the evils of foot-binding. 
The meeting had been advertised in a 
special way, and a very large attendance 
was the result. Much interest was mani- 
fested. The following week Miss Chang, 
the Chinese nurse, spoke to the women on 
the subject of sanitation and proper care 
of their bodies, which is a subject of which 
these women know so little. 

The district school inspector recently 
visited our Girls' School at Liao and ex- 
pressed himself as being well pleased with 
the condition of the school. 

While the city official at Liao is not yet 
working very diligently to eliminate foot- 
binding, he is demanding that the men give 
up their long hair and many are the amus- 
ing sights to be seen when the soldier squad 
compels some unwilling victim to part with 
his much-prized queue. 

About two weeks ago word came that 
the pneumonic plague was ravaging the 
territory that lies between the two branches 
of the Great Wall in Northern Shansi. All 
the physicians of the province were called 
to assist in stamping out the dread disease. 

The governor of the province has placed 
soldiers upon the wall to prevent any one 
suspected of being infected with the disease 
from escaping and spreading the disease 
farther south. Efforts in that line have not 
been wholly successful, however, and Tai 
Chou and Shin Chou, including some near-, 
by villages, are also infected. However, at 
this writing, the doctors seem to feel that 
they have the situation fairly well under 
control. Dr. Wampler is working at Tai 
Chou. Others of our mission assisting in 
the work are Dr. Brubaker, Bro. Vaniman, 
and Sister Wampler, who is at T'ai Yuan 
Fu, the provincial capital, assisting in the 
clerical work. 

Liao Chou, Shansi, Feb. 1. 


J. Homer Bright 

THE subject of this sketch came three 
years ago and applied for baptism at 
the time Bro. Beckners were visit- 
ing us. He said that his dear old mother 
had been a Christian for thirty years, his 
younger brother had been a Christian and 
in Christian, employ for many years, his 
second son was then preparing for the min- 
istry, and his two other sons were Chris- 
tians. As he spoke these words I shall 
never forget the shadow of shame that was 
on his face. His one regret was that he 
had withstood the pleading of the Spirit so 

When one of our teachers fell a few years 
ago through temptation he remained faith- 
ful. Though he was accused falsely of be- 
ing implicated he quietly bore the blame 
and went on faithfully performing his 
duties. He is not a preacher, but has been 
of much help in personal touch with his 
brothers. While not openly confessing 
Christ till very recently, he has been in 
sympathy with the work of the church and 
is now -as a father in Israel. He is en- 
trusted by the native church with her fi- 
nances, and in his financial dealings for the 
station people are led in a quiet way to 
greater respect for the Jesus doctrine. 
This man is an older brother of Bro. Yin, 
of Ping Ting Chou. They come from an 
old Christian family of Shantung. 


The Missionary Visitor 


India Notes for January 

Florence B. Pittenger 

THE Christmas season is past and an- 
other year has dawned. Each year 
special effort is put forth in all our 
stations to make the Christmas season one 
of helpfulness as well as one of happiness. 

At Vyara the Christians and friends 
from out-villages came in. About 300 were 
present to enjoy the day of special good 
things. There was a program for the morn- 
ing, and in the afternoon the school- 
children rendered their program. All were 
served to food, and sweetmeats were given 
to the children. There was joy not only at 
Vyara but also in heaven because fifty-two 
persons were baptized on this glad day. 
Twenty-two of the number are women and 

At Ahwa the school-children and teachers 
conducted appropriate exercises. Sweet- 
meats were given to the children. The teach- 
ers in the surrounding villages observed the 
day in the same manner. Thus many of the 
poor people heard again the meaning of 
Christmas. All the teachers came in for a 
few days of Bible study and prayer at the 
new Year. On New Year's Eve a watch 
meeting was held, consisting of songs, pray- 
er and admonition. On New Year's Day a 
church meeting was held, at which all offi- 
cers of the Sunday-school were elected and 
also a church secretary. There were some 
confessions of sin. All rejoiced over the 
feast of good things, and resolved that each 
Christian would try to win at least one soul 
during 1918. 


At Dahanu, besides the regular Christ- 
mas joy, they had a love feast, which was 
greatly enjoyed by all. On New Year's Day 
the new dispensary was opened with appro- 
priate exercises. Dahanu has been a most 
busy place during the year, and now all 
rejoice that the new buildings are ready 
for use and all are eager to push forward 
the work. 


From Raj Pipla state comes the word of 
a happy, helpful Christmas spent. 

A high-caste Hindoo, who is head master 
for a boys' school in Broach, came to one of 
our brethren at Anklesvar and said he had 
read the Bible and that he loved Jesus. He 
wants the Bible as Textbook in his school. 

Bulsar's Christmas joys began even four 
days before Christmas, as on that day the 
children from both schools entertained us 
with their athletic sports. Sweetmeats were 
given to all the children of the community. 
We dare not miss telling of the tolling of 
the wedding bells. On Saturday before 
Christmas three young Christian couples 
were married in the church. After the cere- 
mony the friends bedecked the happy cou- 
ples with wreaths and garlands of flowers. 
This is one of the beautiful customs of this 
land, where flowers bloom even at Christ- 
mas time. On Christmas morning there 
were services in the church, after which a 
collection was taken for the war sufferers. 
During the season officers for all church 
activities were elected, and we are hopeful 
for a year of good work. The new work 
in the district is promising. One young 
man has received baptism. He is a teacher, 
and so his influence will count for much. 
Pray for him, that he may remain faith- 

All over our field there is in progress 
special evangelistic effort. At Anklesvar 
Sister Ziegler is out in her tent, pushing 
forward the work with the aid of some of 
the native brethren. Sister Widdowson al- 
so goes out when she can get away from 
her duties at home. Sister Sadie Miller is 
out in the Vyara district. Bro. Long also 
does touring. Bro. Emmert is touring in the 
Jalalpur district. At Dahanu Sister Eby is 
in the district. I send in full the report 
sent from Vada by Sister Powell. 

Bro. Garners have finished their first year 
of language study. They successfully 
passed their examination just before going 
to Vada. 

We rejoice that some of our number can 
be out in the district away from the press- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing duties at the stations. May the Son of 
man be lifted up in the districts as well as 
in stations, is our prayer. 

Notes from Vada 

By Sister Josephine Powell 
Oct. 24 our dear Sister Kaylor was taken 
from us by death, and we miss her so much 
in the home and in the work. She was sick 
about two weeks, but we had great hopes 
of her recovery until a few days before her 
death. She was anointed Oct. 17. Dr. 
Cottrell came out twice and did all he could 
for her, and finally when he saw he could 
not care for her here he took her to Bulsar, 
reaching there Sunday evening, and she 
went to be with Jesus the following 
Wednesday morning. She was like a sister 
to me; we had such good times working 
among the women, as well as in the home. 
We mourn our loss, but we weep not as 
those that have no hope. 

Nov. 18 the native workers and I started 
out touring. We camped in a village ten 
miles from Vada, where no work had been 
done before, and so we could only lay the 
foundation for future work. At first the 
people were afraid and thought that we had 
come to get recruits for the war; but we 
were not there very long till they began to 
be friendly, and towards the last of our stay 
they began making requests that we should 
come to their village again. We staid 
forty days, and from here we worked seven 
other villages and pardas. The latter are 
only very small villages, with few houses. 
We believe good impressions were made, 
and that if some one can follow up this 
work, many of these very people will come 
into the kingdom. There are in this and 
surrounding villages many Kolis and Varlis, 
and they are reachables. Pray for them. 

We came in from this tour the same day 
that Bro. Garners came to Vada, Dec. 28. 
Dec. 31 Bro. Kaylor called the Christians in 
from the out-villages, and we had our 
Christmas dinner together on New Year's 
Day instead of Dec. 25. On New Year's 
Eve we had a Christmas tree for the chil- 
dren of our boarding school and Christian 
families. This was followed by a dialogue 

given by three of our Christian teachers, 
one representing a Mohammedan, one a 
Hindoo, and one a Christian. This was en- 
joyed very much by all. Jan. 1 and 2 we 
had meetings, the last being a love feast. 
These meetings are helpful in many ways, 
as we seldom all get together for religious 
worship, and when we do it is appreciated. 
Jan. 2 three were received by baptism. One 
was a boy who came into the boarding 
school only about four months ago. His 
father, a Hindoo, asked us to take the boy 
into the school, as he was sick and could 
not care for him. We took care of the 
father for a while, but he died in a short 
time. He was a Christian at heart but had 
not received the rite of baptism. He had 
expressed his desire to come into the 
church, and had it not been that Bro. Kaylor 
was gone when he became so ill I suppose 
he' would have been received. He died be- 
fore Bro. Kaylor returned. We thought it 
best to teach him further before baptism, 
but as it was he died before taking the final 
step. His boy is in the fold now. Pray 
for him, that he may be an instrument in 
God's hands for doing much for his own 
people in bringing them to the full knowl- 
edge of Christ. 

Bro. Garners are here now and by God's 
help we hope to carry forward the work of 
this place. There are some who would 
become Christian now were it not for the 
fear of their people; they are so afraid of 
being defiled that it is hard for them to 
make up their minds to break away from 
their idolatry, and serve Christ, even though 
they are convinced. Pray for them, that 
they may have the courage to step out on 
the promises, and pray for us, that we may 
have wisdom and strength to lead them 
into the fold. This is not a fight against 
flesh and blood, but against Satan and his 
many devices and cunning ways. He de- 
ceives the people by making them believe 
that if they become Christian they will be 

" Prayer can not change God's intention, 
but it does change his action. * * * Real 
praying costs habitual self-discipline in 
thinking. The pure in heart see God. If 
you are averse to pray, pray the more." 



The Missionary Visitor 



Did you give him a lift? He's a brother of 

And bearing about all the burden he can. 

Did you give him a smile? He was down- 
cast and blue, 

And the smile would have helped him to 
battle it through. 

Did you give him your hand? He was slip- 
ping downhill, 

And the world, so I fancied, was using him 

Did you give him a word? Did you show 
him the road? 

Or did you just let him go on with his 

Did you help him along? He's a sinner like 

But the grasp of your hand might have 

helped him through. 
Did you bid him good cheer? Just a word 

and a smile 
Were what he most needed that last weary 

Do you know what he bore in that burden 

of cares, 
That is every man's load and that sympathy 

Did you try to find out what he needed from 

Or did you just leave him to battle it 


Don't you know it's the part of a brother 

of man 
To find what the grief is and help when 

you can? 
Did you stop when he asked you to give 

him a lift? 
Or were you so busy you left him to shift? 
Oh, I know what you meant; what you say 

may be true; 
But the test of your manhood is, what did 

you do? 
Did you reach out a hand? Did you find 

him the road? 
Or did you just let him go by with his 

load? — Selected. 


THIS has been a glorious year in the 
history of the band in this school. 
We have been praying for a larger 
vision of world needs and for deeper con- 
secration, and both petitions are being 
marvelously answered. At present our 
band numbers 135, with additions every 
week or so. We find the plan for syste- 
matic giving working splendidly. Each 
student has his envelope for the week, and 
gives as he feels led. Last week we broke all 
records by raising over $28. This money will 
be used for missionaries on the foreign field. 

Thus far we have had six returned mis- 
sionaries to give us messages, and have been 
privileged to attend several live missionary 
conferences, besides sending a delegate to 
Northfield Convention. Perhaps you would 
be interested in a few of the good things 
we received. 

Charles Yoder, a missionary of Buenos 
Aires, gave us a bird's-eye view of South 
American conditions. He said in part: 

"South America has copied our con- 
stitution, laws, and customs. Gigantic 
commercial enterprises are carried on. 
Among the peoples morals are low; there is 
teaching, but little practice. For instance, 
a teacher was elaborating on the effects of 
tobacco while he smoked a cigarette, and 
had a glass of whiskey on his desk! Small- 
pox, diphtheria, vice of all kinds, and pov- 
erty, abound. Liquor is sold in grocery 
stores; nickel shows are numerous. 

" South America has the superficial marks 
of civilization, but it needs the Gospel. 
Romanism is widespread, but dominates on- 
ly part of the country. Where it rules, the 
cheapest Bible costs $40. But Romish bar- 
riers are crumbling. Women who once 
kissed the feet of the priest, now hiss at him 
openly. Now comes the question, Will we 
be able to substitute Jesus Christ for their 
former beliefs? If we'd quit playing at re- 
ligion and get down to work, we could have 
fifty missionaries in South America. In the 
United States there is one pastor to 150 


The Missionary Visitor 


people; in South America, one to 150,000. 
What are you going to do about it?" 

Perhaps just a glimpse of the personal 
life of one of the missionaries would be 
helpful. Mrs. McClure, now a secretary 
U. S. V., and a former missionary of India, 
is a woman of deep consecration. She was 
married to a minister, a volunteer for for- 
eign work. They were appointed to India 
because she loved her husband, not because 
she yearned for the souls of the heathen, 
for she didn't. His strong love alone drew 
her. He realized this, and pleaded against 
it, but to no purpose. 

After they had been on the field a few 
years her husband became very ill, and in 
spite of her prayers for his healing he died. 
Then Mrs. McClure became rebellious. She 
faced heathenism, with all its power, and 
lost her hold on faith. She doubted every- 
thing, even God. Should she go to America 
to friends? Should she try to fill her hus- 
band's place in India? Things went from 
bad to worse until, one evening, she said to 
herself that her questions must be decided, 
and she locked herself in her study, know- 
ing well that she would come out from those 
hours a confirmed atheist or a firm believer 
in Christ. Those hours she spent in clear 
reasoning, and gradually a conviction grew 
that only selfish motives had brought her 
to India; that there was a God, and He 
had dealt justly; that the higher road for 
her lay through the villages of India. She 
went to her knees and obtained peace. As 
morning dawned, and she stepped into the 
courtyard to begin her day's work, the girls 
realized that a wonderful change had come 
over her. From that time she has labored 
with power. She had paid the price. Do 
you wonder that our hearts were stirred as 
she plead for the needs of India? She will 
soon sail for India to resume her work. 
Volunteers, look well to your motives and 
see that all is right. 

The Elmhurst Conference, the annual one 
for the schools and universities of Northern 
Illinois, was very much enjoyed. Here are 
a few echoes: 

" God wants to do extraordinary things." 

" Two-thirds of the world's population is 
in ignorance of Christ." 

" One expensive shell will support one 
missionary on the front one year." 

" The only vital question ten thousand 

years from now will not be ' The Germans 
or the allies?' but 'With Jesus Christ or 
against Him?' " 

" We must not labor for the 'meat which 
perisheth.' " 

" In Bengal there is one missionary to 
two million souls." 

In regard to preparation for missionaries, 
Dr. Cook was very emphatic in his points. 
" First. Learn all you can about Jesus 
Christ. You need to know the way to 
Calvary before you can become a successful 
missionary. Second. Study the Word! 
Master the Scriptures! The saddest thing in 
the world is a missionary face to face with 
heathenism, without a knowledge of the 
Word, and of Jesus Christ as the living 
Savior. John G. Paton said, ' O brethren, 
magnify the Book! When I went to the 
New Hebrides there wasn't a Christian 
there; when I left there wasn't a heathen.' 
Third. Cultivate your own spiritual life, and 
power of spiritual perception. Get up close 
and feel the heart throb of the Master. 
Fourth. Be scrupulous in your physical 
preparation. Also, get you a good wife — one 
educated, physically strong, and of cheer- 
ful disposition. It's an awful test to put her 
way out in heathenism — just with you!" 

" At the close of fifty-three years in 
China, there were 1,000 converts; in the last 
nine years, 125,000." 

" Every Christian person spends 40c per 
year for foreign work." 

" If every Christian gave 5c per week, and 
we could send out 100,000 missionaries, we 
could evangelize the world in this genera- 

" Do your best, not your bit." 

Wq have had live messages and appeals 
from Sister Himmelsbaugh, Sister Minerva 
Metzger, and Sister Shumaker. Some of the 
incidents related will always stay with us, 
and have been a direct call for deeper con- 
secration. Most of the bands have had the 
privilege of hearing one or all of these mis- 
sionaries, so no report is necessary. Suffice 
it to say that personal contact with such 
consecrated workers is a wonderful inspi- 
ration, and if any of you have the oppor- 
tunity of obtaining them for your band, do 
so, by all means. 

Our regular weekly meeting comes at 9 
o'clock on Tuesday morning, and is largely 
intercessory. Every morning a half-hour 


The Missionary Visitor 


prayer meeting is held for the larger mis- 
sionary interests of the kingdom, and not 
a week passes but that your band and school 
are remembered. All can truly give praise 
for the awakening missionary interest over 

our Brotherhood. May God be able to use 
the Church of the Brethren in large mis- 
sionary undertakings. Let us not limit Him, 
but allow Him to lead on, and He will work 
the miracle out! 

Prayer Hour 

Arranged by Anna Beahm 


The medical profession is one of the most 
efficient means of reaching the mistrust- 
ing, skeptical heathen. Medicine has 
reached the highest castes in India and 
the most intolerant natives in China. One 
who heals the body usually opens the 
door to heal the soul also. Let us thank 
God for such opportunities. 

Pray for the hospital equipment, nurses 
and doctors needed on the field. 

A number of nurses and doctors are now 
in preparation for the field. Several are 
beginning this spring. Pray for them, 
that they be kept strong in their purpose. 
Some have financial problems in their 
medical work. Pray that God will supply 
their need, and let Him do so through 
you if He will. 

April 14-20.— TRAINING AND WORK 

The future of our mission work depends 
largely upon the strength of the native 

The boys' and girls' schools are very im- 
portant factors in the development of 
native talent. Pray for them in their 
daily association with their Christian 

Pray that the young Christians may be 
taught the true principles of self-disci- 
pline; that their social standards may be 
raised; that they may be raised above the 
prevailing illiteracy of the multitudes and 
yet remain humbled for the Master's use. 

Thank God for so many energetic and 
sacrificing Christians who are so heartily 
giving their service for their less fortunate 

Pray for those native brethren who are in 
college, and for those who are now 
assistants to the doctors and nurses. 


None of God's work can be successfully 
carried forward in any field unless His 
ambassadors there are intimately and 
continually in touch with Him. 

We must thank our Father for so many 
men and women who have so freely given 
of themselves and have accomplished so 
much for others. 

Pray that every missionary may consecrate 
his entire life to God's service; that each 
one may be filled and led of the Spirit in 
each day's duties; that they may learn 
to rely upon the never-failing Source of 
strength when theirs is small; that the 
missionaries may work in harmony with 
each other and the Lord, even when such 
a thing is difficult. 

April 28-May 4.— STUDENTS OF AMERI- 

Never have the students of America had 
a greater responsibility than they now 
have in face of the present crisis. A 
challenge has come to the North Ameri- 
can student to " mobilize for Christian 
world democracy." This means a definite 
purpose to gain a clearer understanding 
of the Christian principles of world de- 
mocracy. And more than this — a program 
of study on the life of Jesus for our col- 
leges and universities. Many students all 
over North America have already en- 
rolled in such classes. Pray for them, 
that they may see Jesus and may know 
and accept His life and principles. 

Pray that every student may be gripped by 
the responsibility resting upon him as a 
Christian. " If any of us fail, we are not 
only upsetting our scheme but that of 
others " and of God. 


The Missionary Visitor 




In the January Visitor, World-Wide Funds, 
Idaho, the $19.20 credited to Hallie M. Parriott 
should instead be credited to Weiser Sunday- 

The General Mission Board sent out 151,888 
pages of tracts during the month of February. 

During February the General Board received 
the following donations to its several funds: 


California— $640.16. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Reedley $ 50 03 

Christian Workers. 

Fresno, 8 60 


Mrs. A. W. Leib, $15; W. C. Lehman, 
$12; Erne Metzger, $10; Wm. Dyck, 
$2.60; Rachel B. Dyck, $3.90; Dorthea 

Dyck, 52 cents, 44 02 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Lydia Ann Brumbaugh, deceased. 
$522.04; Mabel Arbegast, $10; W. M. 
Piatt (marriage notice), 50 cents; A 

sister, $5, 537 54 

Kansas — $314.23. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Jacob Sloniker (marriage notice), .. 50 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Ottawa, 24 39 


Mrs. H. H. Kimmel, $10; W. B. Price, 

$1 ; A sister, Morrill, $5, 16 00 

Southwestern District, Congregations. 

McPherson, $128.88; Hutchinson, 

$15.56 ; Larned, $20.85 165 29 

Aid Society. 

Larned, 15 03 


Eliza Flack, deceased, $66; Mrs. C. 
O. Engstrom, 50 cents ; S. P. Weaver, 
$2.50; Regina Harnish, $5; A. L. Snoe- 
berger, $4.50; Sophia Dudte, $1.80; Na- 
omi Hupp, $1.80; Lizzie A. Lehman, 

$1.80; A sister, $5, 88 90 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

Fannie Stevens, $3.15; F. G. Edwards, 

$1, 4 15 

Maryland — $260.81. 

Western District, Individuals. 

J. E. Walls, $10; Cora Shaffer, $1, 11 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

O. W. Miller 20 

Eastern District. 

Blue Ridge College, 129 11 


W. B. Yount and wife, Pipe Creek, 
$100; W. E. Roop, $20; J. M. Henry, 
Wash., D. C. (marriage notice), 50 cents, 120 50 
Ohio— $228.66. 
Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Sugar Creek 23 15 

Christian Workers. 

Green Spring, 24 00 


Mrs. E. M. McFadden, $3; Claude G. 

Vore and wife, $3, 6 00 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Danville. $55.50; Mt. Zion, $8.75; Chip- 
pewa, $5.64, 69 83 


Danville, North Bend, $30 36; Science 

Hill-Freeburg, $33.21, 63 57 


E. S. Coder 1 00 

Southern District, Congregation 

Eversole, 5 55 

Christian Workers. 

East Dayton, 4 00 


Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Shroyer, $30; 
Emanuel Shank, $1.50, 31 50 

Indiana — $128.38. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Elkhart Valley, $ 5 00 

Christian Workers. 

Wakarusa, 4 50 


Mollie Toney. Upper Deer Creek, 
$60; Thomas Cripe, $10; Mary Baringer, 
$1.20; John Huntington, $1; Martha 

Sisson, $1 ; Sister E., $11 84 20 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Lower Deer Creek, $5.91; Portland, 

$2.50 8 41 


George W. Fosnaugh, $7; Emma J. 
Reiff, $5 ; Emanuel Leckrone and wife, 

$5 ; Emma Fair, $1, 18 00 

Soiithern District. 

Celestia Miller, Fairview, $3.27; John 

Herr, $3 ; .Edith Bailiff, $2, 8 27 

Pennsylvania — $110.46. 

Western District, Sundav-school. 

Summit, Brothers Valley, 15 00 


H. L. Griffith, $13; Mrs. S. F. Pieman, 
$5; Harry Reichard, $2.40: Thos. Har- 
den and family, $1 ; Mrs. William Tre- 

vorrow, 50 cents, 21 90 

Middle District. 

Unknown 1 09 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Mary Fisher and Anna Wampl^r, 
Maiden Creek, $7.50; Martha T tight $2; 
Mrs. R. D. Raffensperger. $1 ; Sally 
Hershberger, $1 ; Wm. K. Conner (mar- 
riage notice) , 50 cents 12 00 

Southern District. Individuals. 

Brother and Sister W. W. Leiter, 
Back Creek, $20; Albert Hollinger, 
$14.06; M. O. Mvers. $10; C. T. Fry- 
moyer, $5; Mrs. C. T. Frymover, $3.50; 
Mrs. Ruth Anna Linsev. $1 ; Celia 

Yost, $5; A sister, $1; A sister, $1, 60 56 

New Jersey — $103.00. 

H. C. Schull. $100; Louisa Burris, $3, 103 00 

Virginia— $62.75. 
First District, Congregation. 

Daleville 5 00 

The Widow's Mite. W. Va 50 

Second District. Individuals. 

'S. T. Glick, $1; Nannie O. Humbert, 

50 cents, 1 50 

Northern District, Individuals. 

J. F. Wampler. $25; Benj. Wine and 
wife, $10; Mrs. A. L. Cline, $2; N. I. 
Buck. $2; Scott Cline. $2; John w. 
Huffman, 1: J. W. Moyer, $1; Phebe 

E. Stultz, 50 cents 43 50 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

B. F. A. Myers. $1.25; E. E. Blough. 

$1 ; A brother, Fairfax, $10, 12 25 

Towa— $54.60. 

Northern District. Individuals. 

Samuel Fike, $12; H. C. Sheller, $10; 
David Brallier and wife. Curlew. $10: 
E. M. Lichty, $3; Mary S. Newsom. 50 

cents 35 50 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Yale 6 60 


Melissa Longhenry 5 03 

Southern District, Congregation. 

En glish River, 7 00 


W. W. Oliver, 50 

Illinois— $53.25. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Polo 12 30 


Wm. Lamnin, $26: Ida Emmert. $5; 
Elias Weigle, $5; Ezra Flory, $1.25; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Philip H. Graybill, $1.20; Eld. E. B. 

Hoff (marriage notice), 50 cents $ 38 1)") 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. J. B. Shaffer 2 00 

North Dakota— $36.27. 

Minot 24 06 


Salem, 11 31 

New York — $25.00. 

A brother. Lake Ridge 25 03 

Oklahoma— $24.01. 

Pleasant Plains, $16.81; Enid. $6 22 81 


Wm. P. Bosserman 1 20 

Nebraska — $23.90. 
Christian Workers. 

South Beatrice 7 40 


Daniel Frantz, $10; D. Vasey. $5; 
Mrs. H. D. Culler, $1; Pearl E. Neal, 50 

cents, 16 50 

Missouri— $23.65. 

Middle District, Christian "Workers. 

"Warrensburg, 7 45 


John M. Mohler, 5 00 

Southern District. Sunday-school. 

Greenwood-Cabool, 6 70 

Christian AYorkers. 

Peace Yallev 4 50 

Idaho— $22.44/ 

Nampa 12 44 

Christian Workers. 

Clearwater 10 00 

Washington— $21.50. 
Christian Workers. 

Sunnyslope, Wenatchee 10 50 


Susie E. Reber, $1; Marion Stanlev. $1, 2 00 

Canada— $20.10. 
Western District, Sunday-school. 

Battle Creek, n 10 


M. E. Rhodes 15 00 

Michigan — $10.65. 

Thornapple 3 80 

Christian Workers. 

Sunfield 2 15 


Wm. A. Hershberger. $3 40: J. C. Har- 
rison, $1.20: Jos. O. Cook. 10 cents 4 70 

Oregon— $8.50. 

Myrtle Point 7 50 


Alice L. Christlieb 100 

Colorado — $8.15. 

Western District. Individual. 

Mrs. II. M. Long 3 00 

Southeastern District. Individuals. 

Mary E. Honey, $3.65; Mrs. Henry 

Baker. $1 .50 '. r> 1 1 

Tennessee — $5.00. 

Mrs. D. T. Keebler and daughter, $5, 5 00 

Arizona — $3.12. 
Christian Workers. 

Glendale 3 12 

Unknown — $5.00. 

A sister, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 2.106 26 

Previously received, 66.316 62 

For the year $68,512 88 

Virginia— $64.71. 
Second District, Congregation. 

Brid gewater 64 71 

Washington — $63.50. 

Wenatchee City, 63 50 

Maryland— $35.00. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

J. M. Prigel. $25; Anna Snader, $10, . .$ 35 CO 
Kansas — $27.50. 
Northwestern District, Congregation. 

North Star, 2 50 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

S. J. Heckman, -25 00 

Idaho— $10.51. 

Nampa, 10 51 

Missouri— $10.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Salinda Gauss. |5; Elda Gauss, $5, 10 00 

Oregon— $2.00. 

A. B. Troyer and wife, 2 00 

Tennessee — $1.00. 

A sister, 103 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 
Southern District, Individual. 

A sister, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 215 22 

Previously received, 2,246 24 

For the year $ 2,46146 


Pennsylvania — $110.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

Mrs. S. F. Rieman, 5 00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Lititz, 40 03 

Southeastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Green Tree, $25; Parkerford, $20; .. 45 00 

Christian Workers. 

Parkerford, 20 00 

Ohio— $46.84. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Akron, 46 81 

Washington — $40.00. 

E. C. Weimer, 40 00 

Indiana — $38.71. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Manchester Primary, 10 00 


Truth Seekers, Mt. Yernon, Somerset, 
$22.46; King's Daughters. Rossville. $6.25, 28 71 

Maryland— $16.00. 
Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Pipe Creek, 16 03 

Michigan— $8.00. 

Sunfield, 8 00 

Virginia — $0.50. 

Northern District. Individual. 

Phebe E. Stultz 50 

Total for the month $ 260 01 

Previously received 2,700 63 

For the year, $ 2.06O 68 


Virginia — $120.35. 

First District. 

Daleville Bible Institute 182 85 

Northern District. 

Willing Workers. Mill Creek 25 00 

Eastern District. Christian Workers. 

Valley, Nokesville, 12 50 

Kansas — $30.00. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

McPherson, 30 00 

Pennsylvania — $25.00. 
Western District. 

Laborers for the Master Class, Pike, 

Brothers Valley 25 00 

Ohio— $20.00. 

Northeastern District. Congregation. 

Sugar Creek 20 00 

Michigan— $12.50. 


Woodland 12 50 


The Missionary Visitor 


Iowa — $12.50. 

Northern District. 

Ivester Junior League, $ 12 50 

Colorado— $5.62. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Fruita, 5 62 

California — $2.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Maud B. Edgecomb, 2 50 

Total for the month, $ 328 47 

Previously received, 1,44175 

For the year $ 1,770 22 


California — $150.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Isaiah and Olive Brenaman, 150 00 

Maryland— $5.00. 

Eastern District, Young People's Class. 

Washington, D. C, 5 00 

Michigan— $1.71. 
Christian Workers. 

Sunfield 1 71 

Total for the month, $ 156 71 

Previously received, 1,198 64 

For the year, $ 1,355 35 


Ohio— $60.85. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Ashland-Dickey 25 00 

Southern District, Sewing Society. 

Salem 35 00 


Sarah Bigler, 85 

Virginia — $50.00. 

Second District, Aid Society. 

Bridgewater, 50 00 

Illinois— $40.00. 

Southern District, Aid Societies. 

Decatur, $25 ; La Place, $15, 40 00 

New Mexico — $25.00. 
Aid Society. 

Miami, 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $16.50. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Stonerstown, 2 50 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Ridgely, 14 00 

Nebraska— $16 .00. 
Aid Society. 

Bethel, 16 00 

California — $15.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

McFarland, ". 15 00 

South Dakota — $10.00. 
Aid Society. 

Willow Creek, 10 00 

Missouri — $10.00. 

Middle District, Aid Societies. 

Warrensburg, $8; Kansas City, $2, .. 10 00 

Iowa — $10.00. 
Middle District, Aid Society. 

Garrison, 10 00 

Kansas — $5.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Lawrence, 5 00 

Indiana — $5.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

A brother, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 263 35 

Previously received, 6,284 76 

For the year, $ 6,548 11 


Indiana — $25.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Pipe Creek, 25 00 

Virginia — $20.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Cooks Creek, 20 00 

Maryland — $5 .00. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Woodberry, $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 50 00 

Previously received, 207 00 

For the year, $ 257 00 


Indiana — $31.51. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

West Goshen, $17.83; First South 

Bend, $10.68, 28 51 


Alice A. Kitson, 3 00 

Kansas — $25.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

S. J. Heckman, 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $11.00. 
Southern District, Individual. 

A sister 1 00 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Maggie Wallace, 10 00 

Ohio — $10.00. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Toledo, 10 00 

Virginia— $4.50. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

D. T. Bailiff, 4 50 

Illinois— $3.13. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Polo, 3 13 

Iowa— $1.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Elmer M. Hersch 1 00 

Total for the month $ 86 14 

Previously received 2,422 01 

For the year, $ 2,508 15 


Colorado — $29.03. 
Southeastern District. 

Bible Student Class, Wiley, 29 03 

California — $22.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Raisin City Primary, 22 00 

Missouri — $22.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Mound, 22 00 

Ohio— $14.11. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Baker, 14 11 

Pennsylvania — $10.00. 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Ephrata 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 97 14 

Previously received, 808 57 

For the year, $ 905 71 


California— $2.75. 

Northern District, Individual. 
George Wray, , 2 75 

Total for the month, $ 2 75 

Previously received, 155 30 

For the year, $ 158 05 

Illinois— $25.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Hastings, Chicago, 25 00 

Indiana— $7.67. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

English Prairie 5 00 

Southern District. 

Little Girls' Class, Anderson 2 67 

Kansas — $4.73. 
Southwestern District. 

Royal Workers, Salem, 4 73 


The Missionary Visitor 


California— $2.40. 

Northern District, Individual. 
Mrs. C. A. Wray, $ 2 40 

Total for the month, $ 37 13 

Previously received, 281 21 

For the year, $ 318 34 


Pennsylvania — $10.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Frystown, Little Swatara 10 00 

Indiana— $8.20. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Oak Grove 8 20 

Maryland— $5.00. 

Eastern District, Young People's Bible 

Class, Washinton City, D. C, 5 03 

Total for the month, $ 23 20 

Previously received, 776 01 

For the year, $ 799 21 


Indiana— $43.82. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Elkhart City, 33 82 

Middle District, Individual. 

Lee Burrows, 10 00 

Total for the month $ 43 82 

Previously received, 1,280 03 

For the year, $ 1,323 85 


New York— $2.87. 

Ludlow Union, 2 87 

Total for the month, $ 2 87 

Previously received, 46 35 

For the year $ 49 22 


Mary land— $5 .00. 

Eastern District, Young Peoples' Class. 

Washington, D. C, 5 

Ohio— $2.50. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

A sister, 2 

Pennsylvania— $2.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Two sisters, 2 

Tennessee— $1.00. 

A sister, 1 

Total for the month, $ 10 50 

Previously received, 518 64 

For the year, $ 529 14 


Illinois— $1.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 
Amos E. Wolfe and wife 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 1 00 

Previously received 228 50 

For the year, $ 229 50 


Wyoming— $5.00. 
E. P. Fike 5 00 

Total for the month $ 5 00 

Previously received, 72 78 

For the year, $ 77 78 

10 00 

145 00 

8 32 

3 00 

38 00 

129 42 


On Jan. 26, 1918, the Committee appointed at 
the Goshen Conference, namely J. E. Miller, Galen 
B. Royer and C. W. Lahman, took up the work 
by accepting funds on hand and funds sent in. 
The Committee wishes to acknowledge the receipt 
of funds received for February as follows: 



Phoenix Sunday-school, $ 


G. W. Dorman, Modesto, $5; Glendora 
Sunday-school, Jan. 6, $58.40; Glendora 
Sunday-school, $25; Glendora Sunday- 
school, Thanksgiving, $42.20; Christian 
Workers, Reedley, $10; Mrs. J. C. Grolf, 

Fresno, $5 


Fruita Christian Workers Society, . . 

David Hochstetler, Farmington 

District of Columbia. 

Washington Sunday-school, 


Coal Creek Congregation, $15.50; Mrs. 
Anna L. Fry, Wheaton, $5; Amos E. 
Wolfe and wife. Sterling, $1 ; Columbia 
Sunday-school, $14; Woodland Congre- 
gation, $34.95; Woodland Sunday-school, 
$18.55; Pine Creek Sunday-school, $40.42, 

Brother and Sister, Argos, $50; Lulu 
Tinkle, Greencastle, $2; Chas E. Ella- 
barger, Cambridge City, $5; Albert F. 
Cripe, Rossville, $5; Union Sunday- 
school, $3.77; Fourmile Congregation, 
$29.25; Bethel Congregation, $18; Broth- 
er and Sister, Peru, $1; Arcadia Sunday- 
school, $15; Rossville Sunday-school, 
$46.15; Turkey Creek Sunday-school, 
$30; Mrs. Mary E. Albright, Butler, $2; 
Solomons Creek Sunday-school, $5.25; 
Sister E., Nappanee, $9; Rebecca Geyer, 
Nappanee, $2; Emanuel Leckrone, 
Silver Lake, $5; Upper Deer Creek Con- 
gregation, $17; Cynthia A. Foote, Co- 
runna, $6; Foreign Volunteers, $8; 
Loon Creek Sunday-school, $20; Sala- 
monie Sunday-school, $100; Colfax Sun- 
day-school, $12.53; Flora Christian 
Workers Society, $25; Kewanna Con- 
gregation, $5; Bethany Sunday-school, 



Coon River Congregation, $40; Monroe 
Co. Sunday-school, $4.94; Des Moines 

Valley, $15.87 


Mrs. H. H. Kimmel, McLouth, $5; 
Chanute Sunday-school, $3.19; Larned 
Congregation, $25; Fredonia Sunday- 
school, $4.50; C. R. Applegrath, Scan- 
dia, $10; Olathe Sunday-school, $14.50; 
Larned City Christian Workers Society, 
$13.65; Maple Grove Christian Workers 
Society, $4; Wichita Christian Work- 
ers Society, $5 ; Paint Creek Congrega- 
tion, $6.25; Ottawa Sisters Aid, $5, 


Codorus Congregation, $5; Denton 
Congregation, $30; C. E. Martin and 
wife, Maugansville, $5; A sister, 25 
cents; Monocacy Congregation, Rocky 

Ridge Sunday-school, $10, 


Mrs. J. S. Meyerhoeffer's Class, $2.15; 

Long Lake Sunday-school, $7.13, 


A. J. Nickey, Monticello, $25; Root 
River Sunday-school, $2; Brother and 

Sister G. W. Dull, Monticello, $10, 


Mary M. Cox, Sweet Springs, 

North Dakota. 

A. H. Jones, Berthold, 

451 95 

60 81 

96 09 

50 25 

9 28 

37 00 

1 00 

15 00 



The Missionary Visitor 



Mrs. Inboden, Logan, $2; Pittsburg 
Sunday-school, $31.68; Baken Congre- 
gation, $9.10; Mrs. C. E. Burns, Leipsic, 
$2; A sister, Walbridge, $2.50; Beech 
Grove Sunday-school, $16.42; Cyrus 
Young, South Akron, $5; George Hart- 
sough, Glenford, $15; Eagle Creek Sun- 
day-school, $46.13; Canton City Congre- 
gation, $40; Canton City Church, Chris- 
tian Workers Society, $10; Ft. McKin- 

Iey Sunday-school, $7.27, $ 187 10 


Paradise Prairie Sunday-school, .... 14 57 


Portland Christian Workers, 20 00 

Pennsylvania. •• 

New Enterprise Young People's Meet- 
ing, $20; D. G. Shellenberger and wife, 
$2; Mrs. A. W. Herr and Lucy Herr, 
$2 ; Brother, Lancaster, $3 ; Ridgely Aid 
Society, $20.00; Frystown Sunday-school, 
Little Swatara Congregation, $10; Union 
Sunday-school, $12.37; Altoona Sunday- 
school, $5; Sister, Vernfield, $5; Quaker- 
town Congregation, $21.57; Upton, Back 
Creek Congregation, $10; Willing 
Workers, Pike Sunday-school, $21.04; 
Mrs. Esther Guyer, Curryville, $5; Al- 
toona Sunday-school, $71.12; Barbara E. 
Roth, Carlisle, $10; Mrs. M. C. Swigart, 
Germantown, $10; Upper Conewago Con- 
gregation, $41; Penn Run Sunday- 
school, $5; Welsh Run and Clay Lick 
Sunday-schools, $78.43; East Petersburg 
Sunday-school, $22.39; East Petersburg 
Sewing: Society, $5 ; Morning Land Sun- 
day-school, $4.85; Mattie F. Hollinger, 
Abbottstown, $1 ; Primary and Junior 
Departments, Shippensburg Sunday- 
school, $5.10; Silas Hoover, Somerset, 
$5; Summit Sunday-school, Brothers 
Valley, $15 ; Barbara and Dessie Ziegler, 
Carlisle, $2; Curryville Sunday-school, 
$27.93; White Spring Sunday-school, 
$8.40; Locust Grove Sunday-school, $10, 459 20 


Sister 2 00 


F. G. Gross, Nocona, 3 00 


J. W. Carbin, Dayton, $5; Mrs. Isaac 
Hooker, Buffalo Ridge, $5; Middle River 
Sunday-school, $2.05; Mt. Hermon Sun- 
day-school, $4.00; J. H. Garber, JNew 
Market, $5; B. W. Neff and wife, 
Quicksburg, $10; E. O. Neff and wife, 
Quicksburg, $10; D. Saylor Neff and 
wife, Quicksburg, $5; Sid Wilson and 
wife, Quicksburg, $2; Flat Rock Con- 
gregation, $4; Grottoes Sunday-school, 
$1.10; Grottoes Congregation, $6 24; 
Lewis D. Wampler, Harrisonburg, $11, 70 39 

Washing- ton. 

G. E. Replogle, Yakima, 6 50 

West Virginia. 

D. M. and S. H. Snuffer. Crab Orchard, 

$5; Pleasant View Christian Workers, $5, 10 00 


E. P. Fike, Thermopolis, 5 00 

Total for month, 

1,833 48 



Augustus Bush, Lemoore, $20; Nancy 
D. Underhill, Pomona, $10.50; Empire 

Congregation, $204.51, 235 01 


Mrs. R. A. Forney, Normal, $5; S. M. 

Eshelman, Elgin, $1, 6 00 


Goshen City, Christian Workers, 
$5.40; Flora Congregation, $29.03; Oak 
Grove Sunday-school, $15; A. H. Snow- 
berger, Huntington, $2; Wakarusa Sun- 

day-school, $10.60, $ 62 03 


Nellie Myers' Class, Adel, 20 50 


Beaver Creek, $19.45; Fahrney Mem- 
orial Home, $10, 29 45 


A. Reppert, Montgomery, 6 70 


Jno. M. Mohler, Leeton, 10 00 


Arcadia Christian Workers Society, . . 2 20 

North Dakota. 

Daisy Airy, Egeland, $1 ; Egeland 

Congregation, $35, 36 00 


Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Schroyer, New 
Carlisle, $30; C. Wohlgamuth, Bur- 
bank, $25; Isaac Miller, Beaverdam, 
$10; Mrs. D. E. Hoover, Columbus, $5, 70 00 


Ten Mile Congregation $10; E. Ber- 
lin, Upper Conewago, $47.64; Hampton, 
Upper Conewago, $15.24; Mr. and Mrs. 
Roscoe C. Hinkle, Hershey, $5; A sister, 
Rockton, $2; Margaret Coble, Erie, $1.40. 81 28 

South Carolina. 

J. I. Branscom, Campobello, 5 00 


Valley Congregation, $10.22; Rebecca 
Casady, Hinton, 50 cents; Young Breth- 
ren, Mt. Grove Chapel, Pirkey, $11.25; 
J. F. Wampler, Port Republic, $25; 
Wirtz Aid Society, $24.75, 71 72 

Total for the month, $ 635 91 



G. W. Dorman, Modesto, $5; Golden 
Gate Christian Workers Society, Berke- 
ley, $3.70, 8 70 

District of Columbia. 

Washington Young People's Class, . . 10 00 


Brother and Sister, Argos, $50; Mrs. 

J. Huntingdon, Butler, $1, 51 00 


Mrs. H. H. Kimmel, McLouth, 5 00 


Jesse C. Merrill, Lonaconing, 3 00 

New Mexico. 

Miami Sunday-school, 44 00 


Barbara Roth, Carlisle, $10; Penn 

Run Sunday-school, $5, 15 00 


Mrs. D. T. Keebler, Jonesboro, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 13770 


Irene B. Rupp, Flowella, 4 00 


Chas. E. Johnsonbaugh, Anderson, . . 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 



S. J. Heckman, Overbrook, 12 50 

Y. M. C. A. 
District of Columbia. 

Washington Young People's Class, 10 00 

S. J. Heckman, Overbrook, 12 50 

Total for the month, $ 22 50 


To rely on Christ, and not to be weary 
of sin, is presumption, not faith. Faith is 
ever neighbor to a contrite spirit. — Ruther- 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- 
visory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
J. J. TODER, McPherson, Kans. 


OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 


H. C. EARLY, President. 
OTHO WINGER, Vice President. 
GALEN B. ROYER. Secretary-Treasurer. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary, and 
Editor of Missionary Visitor. 


Mt. Sidney, Va. 

Wine, A. F. (on furlough) 

Wine, Attie C. (on furlough) 
Frtlsgatan No. 2, Malmo, Swede*. 

Buckingham, Ida 

Graybill, J. F. 

Graybill, Alice M. 

Pins Tingr Hsien, Shansi, China. 

Blough, Anna V. 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Horning, Emma 

Oberholtzer, I. E. 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Vaniman, Ernest D. 

Vaniman, Susie C. 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J. 

Wampler, Rebecca C. 
Lla© Chou, Shansi, China. 

Bright, J. Homer 

Bright, Minnie 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G. 

Brubaker, Cora M. 

Flory, Raymond C. 

Flory, Lizzie N. 

Hutchison, Anna M. 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Shock, Laura M. 
North China Language Poheel, Peking. 


Clapper, V. Grace 

Flory, Edna R. 

Flory, Nora 

Flory, Byron M. 

Heisey, Walter J. 

Heisey, Sue R. 

Pollock, Myrtle 

Schaeffer, Mary 

Seese, Anna 

Seese, Norman R. 

On Furlough. 

Cripe, Winnie 

Walkerton, Ind. 
Metzger, Minerva 
Rossville, Ind. 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimerm, India. 
Blougrh. J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 

Pittenger, J. M. 
Pittenger, Florence B. 

Anklesrar, Broach Dist., India. 
Stover, W. B. 
Stover, Mary E. 
Widdowson, Olive 
Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India. 

Alley, Howard L. 
Alley, Hattie Z. 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M. 
Ebbert, Ella 
Grisso, Lillian 
Mohler, Jennie 
Miller, Eliza B. 
Mow, Anetta 
Ross, A. W. 
Ross, Flora N. 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India. 

Eby, Anna M. 
Lichty, Daniel L. 
Lichty, Nora A. 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 
Royer, B. Mary 
Swartz, Goldie 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India. 

Emmert, Jesse B. 
Emmert, Gertrude R. 
Hoffert, A. T. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India. 
Garner, H. P. 
Garner, Kathryn B. 
Kaylor, John I. 
Kaylor, Rosa 
Powell, Josephine 

Post: Umalla, via Ankles var, 

Arnold, S. Ira 
Arnold, Elizabeth 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida 

Vyara, via Surat, India. 
Long, I. S. 
Long, Effie V. 
Miller, Sadie J. 

On Furlough. 
Ebey, Adam, North Manchester, Ind. 
Ebey, Alice K., North Manchester, Ind. 
Holsopple, Q. A., Elgin, Illinois 
Holsopple, Kathren R., Elgin, 111. 
Shumaker, Ida C, Meyersdale, Pa. 

Please notice — 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
8c for each additional ounce or fraction. At this time place the following on all letter* 
to India: "Please send via Pacific." * *" lwwr " 




is an Efficient Plan for Weekly Giving to 
both Current Expenses and Benevolences 

nniwiniiiiitiitiHniiiiiniimfiHMHiuiiiiiiniiiiniiuiiminuiiiniuM iiimi iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii^ 




consist of a carton of envelopes |237 DEC 23 19W DEC 23 1917 23? 

for each member giving a pledge, 

pledge cards, stock envelopes, and ( »„„:. ' ., ■ - **«" <>«**««* «™ 

r&R a£J*tVOt.Ei'JCES 

a Sower Financial Record. I ciJRBENT 'expenses of ^««~ , ^ < s^»"» , * rw 


1. Cartons of Sower Envelopes y ^ : »«.»». «»r.o m*«*.».w«*-~o 
contain oz envelopes, an explana- I •^^^s^i^i^^i^si^-«*«o «*»««.• **»«o 
tory leaflet and an initial offering ! efes^^SOT^ *~— o «—*>«*« o 
envelope. The Duplex Envelopes ^^i^ttoS^*^' "■ rwd ±* > °:4«J2ZL7ZZir ali * m ' 

have two pockets and thus provide , , y^^ 5 . ^iw^aimB. tws w*^ fw otiw 

a place for amounts for current ex- 
penses and for benevolences. These Duplex envelopes are always printed in 
two colors, the benevolence side in red and the current expense side in black. 

Sower Single Pocket Envelopes are for churches that still prefer the single 
budget system. All envelopes are numbered and dated to insure regular giv- 
ing. We can supply these envelopes, numbered and dated, in either white or 
manila stock, and packed in cartons with the explanatory leaflet and initial 
offering envelopes. 

Prices for either Sower Duplex or Sower Single Pocket Envelopes: 

White envelopes, per set, complete, 10 cents 

Manila envelopes, per set, complete, 9 cents 

Transportation extra from S. W. Ohio. 

2. Pledge Cards are provided for either the Duplex or the Single Envelope 
system. The Weekly Duplex Offering Pledge Card No. 1 or the Weekly 
Offering Pledge Card No. 2 (for the Single Envelope System) comes at the 
same price. 

Price per 100 , 40 cents postpaid 

3. Stock Envelopes, either Duplex or Single Pocket, and in white paper 
only, can be obtained for pew use. The Duplex Stock Envelopes have the 
same printing as those that come in sets, but are unnumbered and undated. 
Single Pocket Stock Envelopes are furnished in three kinds: No. A, Current 
Expenses; No. B, Benevolences; No. C, Pastor's Support. Price of either 
Duplex or Single Pocket Envelopes, 90 cents per 500; $1.50 per 1000, prepaid. 

4. The Sower Financial Record is made in three sizes. The Record is 
adapted to the Duplex System. It contains the individual member's accounts, 
Separate Current Expense and Benevolence Space. Provides for recording 
in detail receipts and disbursements. No. 1 for 200 names, $1.50 postpaid; 
No. 2 for 300 names, $1.75 postpaid; No. 3 for 500 names $2.25 postpaid. 

Send for Samples and Literature on the Sower Envelope System 

° rder from Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 





S& QUirtat Annul (gnh'a 
Bkur nf % IStOft? 

rHE Bible asserts the divine sovereignty and 
ownership of the earth and all that is in it. All 
belongs to God by right of creation and preserva- 
tion. We sustain to Him the relation of a tenant or 
renter. It is unwise for a renter to forget that he does 
not own the place he is occupying. To keep him from 
forgetting, the landlord imposes a rent which he is re- 
quired to pay each year — a third of the crop or some 
share, more or less. The landlord fixes the rate. When 
God turned this earth over to man He fixed a definite 
rate of rent that He expected man to return to Him in 
recognition of His ownership. That share was a tenth. 
Upon occasion He asked His people to give another 
tenth or even more for certain sacred purposes. But 
a tenth of the income, a seventh of the time and the 
first-born child were required in acknowledgment of 
God's ownership. E. H. Eby. 

S'SSEZZZZ "l^^i^/ 2 ^^^^ 

lii( c kdl^ 

'' — _ 

Vol. XX. No. 5 

■lJH^»^»^»^^»|<»»^-«^M^»^>^^t--^«-»^t-^»» ^ < ifr » $ « l $ < t^^^^^f-^f^t^-^H^-^*^^^** 


The Missionary Visitor 



Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois 


The Missionary Thermometer, By Leander Smith, 148 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the £ 

General Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the dollar X 

or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Dif- J, 

ferent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra sub- ♦jj 

scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be *j» 

interested in reading the Visitor. ♦j. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscrip- 
tion for every dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of one dollar or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting tne A 

Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will <|, 

$■ be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. *g» 

♦I* Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. Sub- 4f 

Y scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. *f 

% To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. T 

& When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper £ 

A each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. <j» 

X Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to *I* 



$ I 

$ Contents for May, 1918 § 


The Tithe: Shall We Give Less Than the Jew? By E. H. Eby, 149 

The Deacon's Tenth, By Mary S. Chapman, 150 ♦ 


j> The History of the Greensburg Church o£ the Brethren, By M. J. %. 

t Brougher, 153 * 

j* The Second Dinner for the Poor, By J. F. Graybill, -. 155 

%■ Is He Another Judas? By James M. Moore, 156 % 

% China and the New Missionary, By Walter J. Heisey, 157 

f How We Spent the Holiday, By Sue Rinehart Heisey, 158 

*£ China News Notes for February, By Laura J. Shock, 159 % 

3* Suppose, By Maud Stump, 161 J 

<* The Going and the Sending, By Bruce Vannoy, 161 

f Wanted— Young Men (Poem), By George T. Bennett, 162 

| Report of the April (1918) Board Meeting, By the Editor, 163 % 

X The Kind of a Letter an Editor Appreciates, 164 

*|» Hershey Press Conference News, 165 


% Essays by Various Writers, 166 % 

| WEEKLY PRAYER HOUR,— Arranged by Anna Beahm, 169 | 


% A Child's Tenth, 170 J 


1* ♦> 

Volume XX 

MAY, 1918 

Number 5 

The Hershey Conference Offering 

A Little Chat With Ourselves 

What shall be our Conference offering this year? What total will it 
reach when the gifts are all in? How generally and how generously will 
our people respond to the appeals of the thousand million people who have 
never heard the Old, Old Story — and more particularly what will be the 
response in this year when four-fifths of the people of the world are locked 
in deadly combat? 

Present conditions constitute a challenge to the forces of the Christian 
Church such as she has never faced. True, our own land was bathed in the 
blood of brothers and kindred during the War of the Rebellion, but at that 
time the heathen world had not yet become sensitive to the principles of the 
Man of Galilee. 

These facts constitute a distinct challenge to the Church of the Brethren 
with her pure-hearted peoples, her ideals of piety and her love for man- 
kind. Therefore our earnest desires and anxiety for the generosity of the 
Hershey Conference Offering. In many ways it will be indicative of the 
depths of our sympathy for the condition of the heathen, and a test of our 
appreciation of the tremendous issues and obligations involved in the new 
World Order being born into the world. 

Our church has done splendidly during the past year; never have we 
given so much to world-ivide missions and to the causes across the seas. 
We have not been stinting in money for relief work when calls have been 
issued. We have been sensitive to them and have responded liberally. 

But new occasions for generosity, new movements, fresh events teach 
new duties. The great sacrifices that men and nations are giving so freely 
in this hour of the nation's peril should be duplicated by the children of God 
in this time of the world's abject need. The struggle with sin never ceases; 
the battle of the Lord must go on; the victories won by the sacrifices of 
our missionaries must be consolidated and the advance continued^ 

This will require more men, more means, more sacrifice. Victory and 
success in missions are not without their increased expenses. In their train 
follow demands for schools, churches, ministrations to body, mind and spirit. 

We are therefore praying that our churches and individuals will accept 
the time of this Conferenc as an opportunity to pour out to God their 
thanks through generous offerings. The time arranged for lifting _ this offer- 
ing in our churches is Sunday, May ip. If that time is not suitable, then 
Sunday, May 26. Appreciating your splendid cooperation of the past, and 
praying that the Father may find you responsive in this opportunity for 
service, we are, Most fraternally yours, 


H. C. Early, Otho Winger, Chas. D. Bonsack, J. J. Yoder, A. P. Blough. 



The Missionary Visitor 



" Eeware lest thou forget the Lord thy 
God . . . when thou has eaten and art full 
and hast built goodly houses, and dwelt 
therein; and when thy herds and thy flocks 
multiply, and thy silver and thy gold is 
multiplied, and all that thou hast is multi- 

The message of this writer must surely 
have been meant for us members of the 
Church of the Brethren, the setting is placed 
so fine, and the outstanding words are so 
familiar to our vocabularies, So many of 
these Old Testament truths sound so com- 
monplace and familiar because of conditions 
now that fit them. It is not strange that 
we employ the warnings and exhortations 
of the prophets, when our twentieth century 
sins are beheld as being but old sins in 
new clothes. 

But strange it is when these things are 
true that we are willing to deny the obliga- 
tion of the tithe as resting upon us. Surely 
we can not give less than the Jew; surely 
our opportunities are greater, our privileges 
better safeguarded, and our prosperity more 
evenly distributed. When other conditions 
and experiences and environments fit so 
well with ours we cannot easily avoid the 
one obligation while accepting the other 
conditions of life and tendencies towards 
covetousness and forgetfulness of God. 

The conditions implied in the verses 
above quoted have come to pass — are being 
fulfilled literally before our very eyes. What 
prosperity we are enjoying at this time! And 
with that prosperity what a tendency to 
forget the obligations of God upon us! Our 
prosperity stands out in bold relief when 
given a background of the world's needs. 

To give as we have given before these 
war times is not charity commensurate with 
what was then considered liberality. War 
has hardly come nigh us; our noncombatant 
principles have been largely respected; our 
homes are more generally fulV united than 
others at this time. And with this condi- 
tion, our tendency must be towards finding 
out God's will for us. 

If our young men are exempted because 
of our noncombative principles and our con- 
scientious objections, and we are allowed 
to labor on our farms, and thus have oppor- 
tunity to derive unusual profits, the money 
is "blood-money" if not used in large meas- 
ure for the alleviation of the world's suffer- 
ing. We cannot, we dare not, profit from 
this war for the enrichment of ourselves; 
for if we undertake it we do so at the ex- 
pense of the bonds which bind us to our 
Master. Never was the obligation for sac-' 
rifice for others so. strong upon us as at the 
present time; and th^s obligation is intensi- 
fied because of the privileges which we have 
been permitted to enjoy. 

We cannot believe in Christ for ourselves, 
unless we believe in Him for all the world. 
The more deeply we believe in Him for our- 
selves, the more certain we shall believe 
that He is the Savior of the world. Just as 
surely as you deepen your own spiritual life 
and make Jesus more your Savior, just so 
surely you will believe in Christian mis- 
sions, and long to tell all that He is their 
Savior, too. — Phillips Brooks. 

We can hardly deny the fact that the 
tithe was considered as binding upon Chris- 
tians of the early church when we learn 
that the following councils of the early 
church placed upon Christians the obliga- 
tion of paying tithes; and that they rested 
the duty not on their own law, but upon 
the Word of God: Ancyra, A. D. 314; 
Gangra, A. D. 324; Orleans, A. D. 511; 
Tours, A. D. 567, and many others. 

Opposition to the tithe, these days, usually 
means that the person so opposing does not 
pay to the church even one-tenth. Such 
persons should be made to blush by the 
example of the Jews and the heathen. The 
subjects of money and covetousness are 
mentioned in one out of every six verses in 
the New Testament. If the law of the tithe 
had been done away with, or if Christians 
had been expected to pay less, the change 
Certainly would have been mentioned, but 
it is not. — Stanfield. 


The Missionary Visitor 


We are pleased to say that the last fiscal 
year of the General Miss. on Board, which 
closed Feb. 28, 1918, shows a most en- 
couraging balance of $4,683.66, as against a 
deficit of $1,773.83 for the preceding year. 
In the face of war-time conditions we can 
take courage from the manner in which the 
Lord has blessed our work. Surely in such 
times of stress if His children are obedient 
and reliant upon His promises He will not 
perm't H's work to suffer from want of 

A cable message from India, April 7, says 
that the mission party which left Seattle on 
Dec. 18 has arrived safely. Long and vexa- 
tious delays attended the journey of this 
group of workers. Never have we sent out 
a party who were on the way for such a 
time. It remainds us somewhat of early 
workers who sailed for months to reach 
their chosen fields. But these are war times, 
and our party was well cared for on the 
way, in that most of their time was con- 
sumed in comfortable cities waiting for 
boats. Their longest wait was at Hong 

How may we secure workers for our for- 
eign fields? How shall we visualize the call 
of the Lord for workers for this imperative 
task? How may the call be made unmistak- 
able to our young folks? Let the churches 
seek for some one of their own number to 
represent them on the foreign field. Let the 
burden be laid by them upon some heart. 
Let them back up their call with offers to 
assist in obtaining the necessary prepara- 
tion. Let them assure such of support when 
they are on the field. A call of the Lord 
for foreign service, couched in such sub- 
stantial terms by home congregations to 
their own sons and daughters, will render 
such a call well-nigh irresistible. 

\\\\\ V 

After all, sometimes it is the case that the 
call of the Lord to young people must first 
penetrate the seasoned walls of local 
churches and pierce the indifference of re- 
ligous hearts, before it has a chance to gain 
favorable response from the hearts of those 
who would be called out into service. 

Mr. Gladstone, the noted English states- 
man, one time said regarding the distribu- 
tion of wealth, " There is no c 1, arity in a 
man's leaving money in his will; he has 
simply got to leave it." No man is certain 
what will become of his wealth after he is 
gone. The only time when he can adminis- 
ter it is while he is living. So many make 
the mistake in this matter and hoard up 
their money against the day when they 
must pass on and leave it for the doubtful 
administration of others' hands. Hence the 
reasons for our Board's annuity plan, as 
given on the back outside cover of this 
Missionary Visitor. 

North Manchester (Ind.) Sunday-school 
has assumed the support of Sister Alice K. 
Ebey in India. Likewise Locust Grove 
Sunday-school, Nettle Creek congregation, 
Ind., has accepted the support of Sister Sue 
Rinehart Heisey in China. Pleasant Valley 
congregation, Va., has asked for opportuni- 
ty to support Sister Edna Flory. Never 
before have we had such generous response 
for caring for our missionaries. We do not 
at this time have a single missionary worker 
that we could assign; but we have several 
who would like to support them. 

The Kurds of Persia, whose fiendish 
cruelty to the Armenian peoples has be- 
come so well known to Christian America, 
are now reported to be suffering more from 
poverty than were those whom they perse- 
cuted and put to death. A recent visitor, 
says the Missionary Review, estimates that 
when he was in Persia about 40,000 Kurds 
were saving themseves from starvation only 
by what they could steal from the scavenger 
dogs that eastern cities depend upon to clean 
up their garbage. 

Sometimes the Africans seem to know 
something of medicine, even though we are 
prone to think of them all as being under 
the spell of fetishism. " A case is recorded 
of a black in Bechuanaland who was able to 
cure a Boer woman when the English doc- 
tor had given her up. She had boils and 
blood poisoning and seemed in extremity. 


The Missionary Visitor 



One of the Boer's native drivers, had been 
given permission to call in a bush doctor. 
The bushman' sat silently watching the 
patient for a time and then trotted off over 
the veldt for some distance, gathering a 
variety of herbs as he went. Returning, he 
boiled water over the fire, throwing into 
the pot his collection of medicines. When 
the infusion was ready he gave the patient 
great bowls of it to drink, and also bathed 
the sores in the decoction. Within twenty- 
four hours she was able to laugh at the 
white doctor and to thank the black." 

But the foregoing incident is a very un- 
usual one, and the Africans are learning 
with other heathen peoples to appreciate the 

white doctor, as the following illustration 
shows: "A letter of appreciation was writ- 
ten by a native to the Methodist Board of 
Missions: 'This doctor we call him in our 
native converse " Maker-of-people-to-be- 
glad." Oh, this marvelously doctor! Why? 
Look at the people; these did have great sick 
which we could not hope that these people 
will be healed. But now are getting well. 
. . . He is doctor of hearts, too. He makes 
happy the unjoy hearts and makes more 
tenderness the durable hearts. He is a friend 
of babies, children, men, women, white 
people, and he is a friend of all people of 
black. Therefore I make you know that let 
you not fatigue to help this make-glad doc- 
tor. . . . ' " 


The Missionary Thermometer 

-The ideal church; "always abounding in the work of 
the Lord. 

-Prays and longs for members to give; missionary ser- 
mons much appreciated; missions equal to or in excess 
of self-support. 

-Prays earnestly; gives freely to missions; a power in 
the local community for good. 

-Deepening interest in missions; no apologies; studies 
the fields; evangelistic passion growing. 

4-Lukewarm — . 

Assents t© missionary training; apologizes for mission- 
ary offerings. 

-Thinks charity begins at home and ends there; not 
much charity at home either. 

-Callous about the heathen, and about everything else. 

-Thinks missions " a great mistake." 

-Oppose and criticizes missions; dead in spiritual gfts. 

-Leander Smith, 125 Kindler Ave., Muscatine, Iowa. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Tithe: Shall We Give Less Than the Jew? 

E. H. Eby 

A LAWYER told me recently that our 
legal institutions find their origin 
not in the Tentateuch, but in ancient 
heathen Assyria and Babylonia. I asked a 
real estate man the other clay what the 
legal definition of ownership is. He said 
it is the same as possession— what a man 
has in his hand, having earned, bought or 
inherited, belongs to him by the law of 
ownership. We derived this idea of owner- 
ship from pagan Rome, which said that by 
the spirit of the universe if a man finds a 
pearl or a diamond it belongs to him. On 
this same principle Rome brought great 
trains of booty from conquered nations and 
claimed it by right of conquest. Possession 
and ownership are synonymous. The gov- 
ernments of Europe and America have in- 
herited this principle and it is operative 
today. Natural resources are exploited un- 
der the sanction of this law. Fortunes are 
amassed by so-called business acumen and 
according to this law. In a Christian coun- 
try it is shorn of many of its rougher as- 
pects, but is capable of hideous crimes when 
unrestrained. By this same principle mil- 
lions of people are allowed to starve in the 
very presence of abundance of grain in a 
non-Christian country like India. Grain 
merchants buy at low prices in years of 
plenty and then hold their property up at 
famine prices, and the poor people must die 
because they cannot pay the price asked. 
Does such a principle receive the sanction 
of the Spirit of Christ? We claim the Bible 
as our Guide in life and conduct — what does 
it teach? 

The Bible asserts the divine sovereignty 
and ownership of the earth and all that is 
in it. All belongs to God by right of crea- 
tion and preservation. We belong to God by 
right of purchase. We sustain to Him the 
relation of a tenant or renter. It is un- 
wise for a renter to forget that he does not 
own the place he is occupying. To keep 
him from forgetting, the landlord imposes a 
rent which he is required to pay each year 
— a third of the crop, or some share, more 
or less. The landlord fixes the rate. When 

God turned this earth over to man He fixed 
a definite rate of rent that He expected man 
to return to Him in recognition of His own- 
ership. That share was a tenth. Upon oc- 
casion He asked His people to give another 
tenth or even more for certain sacred pur- 
poses. But a tenth of the income, a seventh 
of the time and the firstborn child were re- 
quired in acknowledgment of God's owner- 

Christ did not abrogate this deep moral 
principle, but He clarified it and gave it its 
full weight of meaning. Not merely a tenth 
belongs to God, but all one has and is; not 
one day in seven is to be holy, but every 
day is sacred and meant to serve the high- 
est spiritual interests of men. Not only the 
firstborn, but every child is to be regarded 
as lent by God to be trained for Him. Christ 
was painfully conscious of the dangers to 
men's souls of selfishness and of greed. He 
knew how wealth tends to make slaves of 
men and He wanted His followers to be 
free — free from every form of bondage. So 
He was ever teaching His disciples their re- 
lation to wealth. " Give us this day our 
daily bread " is to remind us of our daily 
dependence upon God. And if He gives us 
two or ten times as much as we need each 
day it is not that we may become inde- 
pendent of Him by hoarding up the surplus. 
Tt is a sacred trust. He would make us 
channels of blessing to others. " Lay not 
up for yourselves treasures on earth," and 
context, teach the lesson that hoarding of 
wealth is neither wise nor necessary. The 
story of the foolish rich farmer shows the 
futility of selfish accumulation of God's 
bounties. The parable of the unjust steward 
(Luke 16) teaches the wisdom of converting 
wealth into a letter of credit on the next 
world. The parable of the rich man and 
Lazarus teaches the awful consequences of 
a selfish use of stewardship. He lived only 
for his own comfort and did not recognize 
his obligation to the poor man. God has 
laid the world as a beggar at the door of 
the church. The rich young ruler faced a 
choice: on the one hand, the needy blessed, 


The Missionary Visitor 



treasure in heaven, fellowship with Christ; 
on the other hand, money and self. Sur- 
render of all was the price to be paid. Here 
lies the danger of riches, trust in riches and 
not in God— IDOLATRY. We are as likely 
to forget our relation to God and to His 
earth as were His people in olden time. 
We, too, need to be reminded that we do 
not own what we possess. The Christian 
standard gives no sanction to the principle 
of ownership being based on fact of pos- 
session. A Christian cannot hide behind the 
statute books of our government and ex- 
cuse himself for selfish hoarding of wealth. 
He is bound to rise to a higher ethical 
plane. Possession is not ownership in the 
Christian view. We dare not forget God's 
sovereignty and our dependence. 

With the opportunities to turn muscle 
and brain into money increasing on every 
hand, with the natural resources of forest, 
mine and soil developing at such astounding 

rates of rapidity, it is unreasonable to as- 
sume that the Owner is asking a lower rent 
today than He d'd in the ancient days. To 
withhold His tenth and so to embezzle His 
rightful share of the products of our labor 
and His forces of nature is to lose our 
right to a place (even of a steward or 
renter) on this His earth. In this time of 
unprecedented opportunity for world serv- 
ice in the interests of peace and righteous- 
ness and brotherhood, to stop with a paltry 
tenth is to become a slave to law and is to 
know nothing of the freedom and joy of 
fellowship with Christ as He trod the path 
of self-sacrificing service. To live under 
the grace of God is not to have license to do 
less than the Jew did by law, but grace is 
meant to enable us to fill full the require- 
ment of the law, though not bound by it. 
See Rom. 8: 3-5, R. V., margin. To give 
less than the Jew gave is to be not in grace 
but in disgrace. 

The Deacon's Tenth 

Mary S. Chapman 

YE see, the elder had preached a most 
powerful sermon on Christian givin', 
in which he took what I called purty 
strong ground. Among other things, he 
said we'd ought to do as much for our re- 
ligion as the old Jews did for theirs, an' 
while it was all right to lay up for a rainy 
day, an' to get ahead if we honestly could, 
we should set apart at least one-tenth of 
our income as the Lord's money. 

" Now, I think the elder went a leetle too 
far," says I to my wife, Huldy, as we was 
drivin' home from meetin'. " Givin' is well 
enough, but I get a'most tired a hearin' 
these ministers forever a dingin' about it." 

" Waal, Lyman," says Huldy, " why don't 
you try givin' a tenth — try it for one year 

" My! " says I, " as if I didn't give more'n 
that now; it's two shillin's, an' fifty cents, 
every time I turn around, to say nothin' o' 
the contributions to big objects. If I get 
home with a dollar in my pocket I think 
I'm a lucky fellow." 

" Then, I'm sure," says Huldy, with that 
queer little smile o' hern that she some- 

times has, " it'll be a real savin' to ye to go 
into systematically a givin' yer tenth." 

Now, I hadn't any idee of doin' it, an' 
keepin' a reckonin' of what I contribute — 
in fact, I thought that verse about lettin' 
yer right hand know what yer left was a 
doin' was rather ag'in it, but somehow 
Huldy has a cool way o' takin' things for 
granted, an' though the mildest of all wom- 
en, she ginerally manages to carry her p'int. 

Next mornin' I see her a makin' a book 
out o' some sheets o' paper, an' rulin' 'em 
off and stitchin' on to 'em a pasteboard 
kiver an' on the outside she writ in big 
letters that was as plain to read as printin', 
" The Lord's Money." This she handed to 
me an' said nothin'. 

That very week I got pay for my wheat; 
it was an uncommon good crop; it come to 
six hundred dollars. I was a settin' by the 
fire a countin' it up with some satisfaction, 
when Huldy jest stuck under my nose that 
book, " The Lord's Money." 

" What's that for, Huldy? " says I. 

" Why, for the tenth," says she. 

"Bless my soul!" says I, a wrigglin' an' 


The Missionary Visitor 


twistin', "that would be sixty dollars; I 
can't stan' that." 

She didn't say anything, but set a watch- 
in' me, an' I knew it warn't no use a dodg- 
in' her, so I took six ten-dollar bills, all 
crisp an' new, an' laid 'em. in a pile. 

" Yis, yis," says I, a tryin' to screw my 
face into a smile, an' to act as if I'd been 
a calkerlatin' all the way through to give 

Ye see there was an awful sight o' old 
Adam in me. I jest set there a begredgin' 
that money. I most wished the wheat 
hadn't come to so much. Then I happened 
to remember what the elder had said in his 
sermon — that it would be a mighty hard 
wrench on us at first to give a tenth — that 
when the fingers had got crooked up a 
graspin' this world's goods 'twas hard to 
get 'em straightened out, but that when 
we'd become used to this way o' givin', 
we'd enjoy it an' be blessed in it as much 
as in prayin' an' readin' the Scripters. A 
thinkin' on that sermon, I made up my 
mind I'd double my subscription for the 
elder's support, an' that would just take the 
sixty dollars. 

As I harvested my crops an' sold 'em, I 
was astonished to see how the Lord's pile 
grew, an' I had to think it over middlin' 
sharp to know where to invest it so 'twould 
do most good, an' I was gettin' over the 
wrench a little until my interest became 
due. The year before old Uncle Nat had 
died, an' most onexpectedly had left me 
five thousand dollars. If the legacy had 
dropped down from the skies I couldn't 
have been more surprised. Now I had 
three hundred a comin' in from it, and it 
most killed me to take thirty on't an' put it 
aside for the Lord. I couldn't help whinin'. 

" Now, Huldy," says I, " don't ye believe 
the old Jews deducted their taxes afore 
they laid by their tenth? " 

"I dunno," says she; "we might read up 
Leviticus an' Numbers an' Deuteronomy 
an' see." 

" Bless my soul, Huldy." says I, " I'd 
ruther pay the whole thirty dollars then 
wade through all them dull books. An' 
then," says I, a thinkin' hard, " accordin' 
to what these agents that come around 
beggin' say, I s'pose it would be a good 
pecooniary speckerlation to give to the 
Lord. They tell about throwin' out crack- 

ers an' comin' back loaves, an' show how 
them is blessed in their basket an' in their 
store that bestow their goods on the poor. 
Anyhow, I've made up my mind to try it." 

" Now, Lyman Tubbs, don't ye go into 
this tenth business with no such worldly 
motives. If ye do ye'll be worse than 
Ananias and Sapphira, who was struck 
dead at once. Not but that the Lord has 
said, ' I will never leave thee nor forsake 
thee,' and 'Prove me now herewith,' but if 
ye undertake to drive a sharp bargain with 
Him, ye'll find out that He'll git ahead of 
ye every time. No, He's given us all we 
have, an' I'm thinkin' He'll ask us some 
mighty close questions about the way we've 
used it." 

Huldy didn't very often preach, but when 
she did her sermons were what I call 

Times passed on, an' I got used to givin' 
my tenth. I didn't squirm over it as I had; 
in fact, I got kinder raised, an' to feelin' 
liberal. I didn't sell so much as a turkey 
without puttin' aside tithes of it. 

It happened in the summer that my wife's 
cousin Silas an' his family came to see us, 
an' I was a braggin' about givin' my tenth, 
an' I supposed he'd never heerd o' sech a 
thing; but Silas says, says he, " I've done 
it ever since I was converted. I aim two 
dollars a day, an' every Saturday night I 
jest lay aside one dollar and twenty cents, 
an' I pray over it; it's sacred; it's the 
Lord's money." 

" Don't ye take yer livin' out o' it first? " 

" Yer what? " says Silas, amazed. " It's 
jest so much I aim, an' the ability to aim 
it comes from the Lord, an' I joyfully give 
back to him the little part." 

"But," says I, "ain't that kinder resky? 
Ye might be took sick, or yer work give 
out; I should be a little fearsome." 

" These are the promises," says Silas; 
'My God shall supply all your needs,' an' 
'Lo, I am with you.' They are all yea an' 

Waal, if I didn't feel small after that. I 
had simply given a tenth of all I'd sold an' 
grumbled over it at that, an' there were 
all those broad acres that had fed us, an' 
those big trees in the woods that had kept 
us warm — blessin's upon blessin's that I 
hadn't counted, an' here was Silas with 
nothin' but his hands, an' yet so willin' 


The Missionary Visitor 


hearted an' doing so much. When I carried 
him an' his folks back to the city I jest 
filled my wagon box full o' things, an' felt 
as if I was givin' directly to the Lord. 

One day the elder an' his family was 
over to our house, an' we was a talkin'. 
His son Fred was a playin' with my Thom- 
as — they was awful good friends — an' says 
the elder, " If I had as much money as you 
have, Deacon Tubbs, I'd send Thomas to 
school, an' ask the Lord to make a min- 
ister o' him." 

"Bless my soul 1 " thought I, "that's the 
last thing I want him to be." Ye see I had 
other things for my boy, but I said nothin'. 

My next neighbor, old Mr. Hodges, had 
a son who went to the city an' studied law, 
an' got to be a judge, an' comes home in 
his big carriage once in a while to visit the 
old folks, his wife an' children dressed to 
fits, an' seein' them I had a natural hank- 
erin' for Thomas to turn out like that. I 
was a sayin' this to Huldy when the elder's 
folks was gone. 

" Now, Lyman Tubbs," says she, a lookin' 
at me with them great, earnest eyes o' hers, 
" would you really like to have our Thomas 
jest like old Mr. Hodges' son — a breaking 
the Sabbath, he an' his boys, a shootin' 
ducks an' a drinkin' an' a playin' cards? Be 
you a deacon an' a member of the church 
an' not feel as if 'twas bigger business to 
persuade men to forsake their sins an' to 
love the Lord Jesus Christ? " 

Ever since Silas was here my mind has 
been dreadfully took up with somethin' he 
was a tellin' me. He said some good 
Christian men had hired rooms in the worst 
part o' the city an' made them bright an' 
attractive, an' was a singin' hymns an' a 
preachin' to the folks, all without money 
an' without price, an' some sech work as 
this is what I'd been a wishin' my boy 
could do, an' jest then Thomas came in an' 
stood beside his mother. He had the same 
hair as hers an' the same brown eyes, an' 
somethin' told me that if he took to 
preachin' he'd be one of the convincin' 
sort, for I must say that nobody's words 
ever took hold of an old sinner like me as 
Huldy's does. 

Well, my tenth money grew; half the 
time I didn't know what to do with it. I 
was over to the elder's one day an' he was 
a tellin' me of a school near by which he 

thought would be a good place to send our 
Thomas — he'd noticed how crazy the boy 
was for books an' learnin', an' the minister 
said he'd a cousin a livin' jest out o' the 
village that would take good care o' Thom- 
as, an' board him, an' he'd be under good 
Christian influence. 

" What do you say, Huldy? " says I, as 
soon as I'd got home. 

" I'd like him to go," says she," " an' for 
the elder's boy to go with him." 

Sure enough he should, an' that would be 
a use for the rest o' my tenth, an' Thomas 
an' Fred was awful good friends; they was 
like David an' Jonathan, an' what do you 
think, there was a revival that, jest like a 
big wave, struck that school, an' in fact the 
whole community, an' both the boys was 
converted, an' you can't think how I felt, 
so glad about it, an' kinder streaked, too, 
for I knew it warn't none o' my doin'; I'd 
been sech a poor, good-for-nothin' Chris- 
tian all my life, it was enough to set my 
Thomas again' the Lord. 

We got the good news on Saturday 
mornin' an' in the afternoon was the cov- 
enant meetin'. It was jest about a year 
from the time that Huldy handed me the 
" Lord's Money " book. I remember how I 
got up in the meetin' then and talked, not 
because I'd anything to say, but bein' dea- 
con, I felt as if I ought to, an' told the 
brethren I hadn't made no progress, an' all 
that — jest what I commonly said. How 
could I talk that way now when I'd had a 
year o' sech oncommon blessin', an' with 
Huldy beside me a cryin' for joy because 
our Thomas had been converted. No, I 
couldn't keep from breakin' down, an' 
thankin' the Lord for His goodness to me 
an' mine, an' I knew that givin' my tenth, 
though it had come so begredgin'ly, had 
been a help to me. I warn't sech a small, 
waspish critter as I was afore. 

The next year I was man enough to di- 
vide my tenth with Huldy, an' sech good 
times as we had investin' it. Now, Huldy 
was great on what we call the " Inasmuch 
charities " — " Inasmuch as ye have done it 
unto one o' the least o' these," etc. She 
was always a findin' some bedridden old 
woman to help, or crippled child, or some 
other case o' need, while I couldn't hardly 
sleep o' nights a thinkin' o' the great West, 
with the foreigners a comin' into it, an' of 



The Missionary Visitor 


the poor freedmen of the South, or of the 
great heathen world that so needs the Gos- 
pel. We'd spend hours an' hours a talkin' 
it over, an' as we did so we'd get nearer to 
each other, an' I trust nearer to the Lord. 

It's now been a good many years that 
we've been a tryin' this tenth business, an' 
I wouldn't go back to the old helter-skelter 
way o' givin* for anythin'. 

Huldy has jest been to the city to see the 
children, an' she came home with her face 
all aglow. Our Thomas an' the minister's 
Fred, who married our Mary, have gone 
into business together, an' are doin' first 

rate; but that isn't the best of it; they've 
started a mission in the wickedest part o' 
the city, and Huldy said it did her old soul 
good to hear those young voices a tellin' 
them poor, ignorant ones of the love of 
Jesus, an' to see 'em listenin' an' a comin' 
into the kingdom. 

As I'm closin' I've got this much to tell 
you: if you want to be a happy Christian 
you must let your prayin' and praisin' an' 
givin' go together, an' I will say that Huldy 
never did a better thing for me than when 
she gave me " The Lord's Money " book. 

The History of the Greensburg Church of the Brethren 

M. J. Brougher 

PRIOR to the coming of the Brethren 
to the city of Greensburg, meetings 
were held in a schoolhouse, located 
on Swede Hill. The Brethren that held 
these meetings were members of the Jacobs 
Creek congregation. They made frequent 
visits to this schoolhouse, bearing the mes- 
sage of the cross to those who were there 
assembled. Some of these ministers are 
still living, using the opportunities which 
come to them, and proclaiming the message 
of the same sweet story. Others have gone 
to share the reward of their labors in the 
glory world. Heaven alone can reveal the 
good things done by them. 

In the year 1903 Bro. Homer P. Galen- 
tine, then 22 years old, came to Greensburg 
and began working at the carpenter trade. 
He did not know of any Brethren in Greens- 
burg, neither did he feel satisfied, for he 
had no church home. He longed to hear 
the Gospel preached as he had heard the 
Brethren preach in Somerset County, 
where he was born, and where he united 
with the church in May, 1892, during a 
meeting held by Bro. Silas Hoover, of the 
Middle Creek congregation. 

Many people, instead of using what they 
have, and searching their own home for 
the coveted gems, will go to some strange 
land to find them. But not so with this 
brother. He searched in his home city to 
find the gem most precious to him. His 
coveted gems were others of like precious 
faith and a church. One day he was told 

of a brother who was at work in a planing 
mill. He at once went to search for him. 
Here he found Bro. Myers Moore, a young 
man whose former home was near Trent, 
Somerset County, having been baptized by 
Robert T. Hull. 

These two brethren, as the disciples of 
old, used the opportunities which presented 
themselves to speak to others whom they 
hoped to influence for Christ. After some 
personal efforts they found two souls who 
saw the beauty of the Gospel of Christ as 
understood by the Brethren, and who asked 
for baptism. Accordingly they went to 
Pittsburgh, where these two sisters were 
baptized by M. J. Weaver. 

This was the beginning of the work of 
the Brethren in Greensburg. They were 
hopeful for great things now, with the aid 
of these additional workers. As yet they 
had no preaching, but they were beginning 
to plan for that. So one evening in the 
summer of 1908 they met at Bro. Galen- 
tine's home to talk over this matter. " What 
is best?" "How shall we proceed?" were 
questions to which they sought answers. 
Their prayers and hopes were that a church 
of the Brethren would be established in 
Greensburg. They realized that they must 
be the instruments in the Lord's hands to 
answe'r their prayers. So a call was sent 
to Robert T. Hull to hold a series of meet- 
ings for them. Permission was secured to 
hold services in the Union Mission Chapel, 
on W. Pittsburgh Street, where Bro. Hull 


The Missionary Visitor 




preached ten sermons, beginning Sept. 21, 
1908. They held services in this chapel 
twice a month after this meeting, and al- 
though these brethren had many obstacles 
to overcome they pushed bravely on and 
in a short time Bro. Hull held another 
series of meetings during which several 
members were added to the flock. In De- 
cember, 1909, Bro. Howe held another series 
of meetings, and as time rolled on their 
labors were greatly blessed, and in less 
than another year another series of meet- 
ings was held by Bro. D. K. Clapper, of 
Meyersdale. These meetings occasioned 
great joy, for many were made happy in 

Though these brethren had a place to 
worship they felt the need of a church 
building which they could call their own. 
They felt the need of having a place where 
more liberty of speech would be granted 
them — liberty " to declare the whole coun- 
sel of God." Accordingly they purchased 
three lots on the corner of Mace and Stan- 
ton Streets for $2,500, and erected a small 
building thereon costing $500. Here Bro. 
W. M. Howe organized a Sunday-school 
Oct. 25, 1910, with an enrollment of twenty. 
In November, 1910, the little church was 
dedicated by Eld. J. F. Dietz, of Johns- 

Some time during 1910 these brethren 
asked the Mission Board of Western Penn- 
sylvania for recognition and for support 
for a pastor. Both requests were granted 
and Bro. M. J. Brougher, of the Middle 
Creek congregation, was called to take up 
the pastorate Jan. 1, 1911. Another series 
of meetings was held by H. S. Replogle, in 
April, 1911, during which twelve souls were 
added to their number. 

To the District Meeting held in the 
Maple Spring house of the Quemahoning 
congregation April 19, 1911, the Mission 
Board presented the following petition: 
~" We, the Mission Board of Western Penn- 
sylvania, petition the District Meeting in 
behalf of the brethren at Greensburg, that 
they be given the privilege to solicit West- 
ern Pennsylvania to build a new church at 
that place." The petition was granted. The 
meeting also appointed Elders D. H. Walk- 
er and W. M. Howe to organize the Greens- 
burg church. This was done May 1, 1911. 
Of the thirty-two members in the city, 


The Missionary Visitor 


twenty-three were present. The church 
was built in the fall of 1911, and dedicated 
Feb. 11, 1912, Dr. C. C. Ellis preaching the 
sermon on the occasion. This is one of 
the best and most modern churchhouses 
in the District. 

Since that time the church has been mov- 
ing on in a marvelous way. There has been 
a continuous growth in membership, souls 
being added, not only in revivals, but at the 
regular services. In August, 1913, the Min- 
isterial Meeting and Sunday-school conven- 
tion of the District were held here; and in 
1914 the Bible, Missionary and Sunday- 
school Institute also was held here. 

Brethren who have assisted in evangelis- 
tic meetings here since the organization are: 
Silas Hoover, J. H. Cassady, P. J. Blough, 

D. W. Kurtz, George W. Flory, and W. S. 

Brethren J. H. Cassady, W. M. Howe and 
P. J. Blough have assisted Bro. M. J. 
Brougher in the eldership. Since serving 
as pastor Bro. Brougher has been ordained 
to the eldership. Bro. Blough is the pres- 
ent elder in charge. 

The deacons are: H. P. Galentine, James 
Osterwise, Walter Moore, Myers Moore, 
H. C. Smeltzer, C. M. Kuhns, and Lawrence 
Smalley. The Sunday-school numbers 200 
and we have an active Sisters' Aid Society. 
We have Christian Workers' meetings, 
Bible Study Class, prayer meetings, teachers' 
meetings and teachers' training class in ad- 
dition to the regular Sunday services. 

The Second Dinner for the Poor 

J. F. Graybill 

THE first dinner to the poor for this 
season was given Dec. 28, in the 
evening. An account of this has been 
sent to our Messenger readers, but suffice 
it to say that fifty-five of the invited were 
there and a number who had not been in- 
vited presented themselves and had their 
hunger satisfied. 

The second dinner to the poor was served 
Feb. 13 of this year. You may ask: "Do 
you aways invite the same ones, or how 
can you find so many poor?" This I shall 
explain. When we had the first dinner I 
was fearful lest we could not find the num- 
ber of poor people we had arranged for, so 
I went to the poor director of our district 
and asked for about thirty of the poorest 
in his district. He was very glad to accom- 
modate me in this, and in a few da^ys I 
received a list of the number of poor I had 
asked for, and their addresses. But to my 
great surprise all the invitation cards were 
given out before we arrived at the list I had 
received. Therefore we decided to have the 
second dinner for the poor and invite only 
those on the list and the poor in the church. 
Two days before the appointed day for 
this treat I took the list and the invitation 
cards and started out to make a call upon 
each one on the list. Thus I had the privi- 
lege of entering some of the poorest homes 

in this city, and most of them were very 
poor. They were mostly aged, worn-out, 
pensioned widows who live in little quarters 
in the garret. At one place where I called 
the party I inquired for had gone to her 
long home. At another place the aged lady 
was dying. One woman, eighty-eight years 
old, said she could eat nothing but a little 
bread and milk, and drink coffee. She was 
nearly blind and therefore declined to come. 
Three were too feeble. One of them had not 
been away from the house for several years, 
so these could not accept the invitation. I 
need not say that all were glad for the in- 
vitation and those who could, accepted it 
gratefully. Not a few asked me uow I had 
found them in their secluded quarters, but 
after a little explanation they could well 

The appointed day arrived and at 11 
o'clock, according to the invitation, nearly 
all were present. Eld. Anderson led in a 
short and appropriate devotion, after which 
the guests, some thirty in number, surround- 
ed the table, which extended the whole 
length of the hall, to partake of breakfast. 
This consisted of potatoes in the "jackets," 
fill — a kind of fish that, to my taste is far 
inferior to mackerel, but delicious to the 
poor in Sweden — and coffee. This was con- 
sidered a good treat for breakfast. 

156 The Missionary Visitor May 


After breakfast we served the guests with they could eat, and that is what made this a 

spiritual food. This they seemed to enjoy. big dinner for the poor during these hard 

By their countenances one could understand times in which they scarcely ever can satisfy 

that some were reckoning themselves their appetites. All seemed well pleased 

among the class called "Christians," or, as wIth the day spent in our hall> They were 

we say here in Sweden "Kyrkotroende," ful for the food th receIyed And &n 

which, interpreted, means people of the , . 4 « . .• ± 1 j 

c* 4. /-u it. 11-, , who assisted in serving the temporal and 

State Church who are believers and at least . , L , , ' A , . 

ft-„ f« i:,,- „ ~~*. i i-( ■ \xt • i. j j. spiritual needs of these poor were happy 

try to Jive a moral life. We pictured to , „ , , , ,. . , . , , 

flnoTO f i „ Q . .• . . ,, - \, . and well rewarded for their labors of love. 

them the rest that remameth for the people ,, r . . lL . . At _ Ci x , , 

r rnA „„ , , . ... j f t T • We wish the people in the States, who have 

of God, and emphasized the need of laboring L ., L \ * F ,. , . . Al _. 

f^ Q «f Q ^ ;„+~ *.u: 4. i.t. , ^i 1 t contributed to our relief work in this city, 

to enter into this rest, that the preached • , . , • Al _ • L ,_ ^ 

w,m-,i «,„„+ k« • j u r -^ i i . might have seen the picture when these 

Word must be received by faith, and that , *• .e j ■ w it. • i *t t -j 

„r,u*-\; a f ,„;ii «i~ 4.t, / , A • hungry were satisfied. We thank the Lord 

unbelief will close the gates to the promise , ... . iA , .,. ,, , • . 

• rA „ , - e . . .° TT . L for inspiring hearts to charitable deeds in 

given us of entering into His rest. , A • ^t, T a i h, 

a+ *u M * «» t i *t j- , our far-away America. The Lord love th a 

At three o clock the dinner was served. , , i • , mi ■, ..t. 

ti,. _„„:„* j r . t. it . cheerful giver, and will reward the same. 
Inis consisted of meat-balls, potatoes, 

gravy, pickles and fruit soup. They got all Malmo, Sweden, 

— t 

Is He Another Judas ? 

James M. Moore 

1. The missionary solicitor, therefore six days before the great 
missionary meeting came to the home of Brother A, whose son David 
was home, whom Jesus had raised from the degradation of sin. 

2. So they made the solicitor a supper there and Martha, the 
daughter of Brother A, served; but David was one of them that sat 
at meat with him. 

3. Mary, the sister of Martha, therefore took her purse of hard- 
earned money, three hundred dollars, and gave it to the solicitor for 
the Conference offering ; and the house was filled with the odor of the 
sweet smell of the sacrifice acceptable, well-pleasing to God. 

4. But brother A being one of the disciples who had not caught 
the vision of a lost world, saith, 

5. " Why was not this purse of three hundred dollars given to the 
home work, for it would have gone a long ways toward paying our 
apportionment? " • 

6. Now this he said, not because he cared for the lost; but because 
he was a thief, and having much of this world's goods entrusted to him, 
appropriated to his own luxuries and pleasures what was thus meant 
to promote the cause of the kingdom. For when the District solicitor 
presented his cause Brother A excused himself because of the debt 
on the home church. And when they asked him to help on that he 
turned that down also. 

7. Jesus therefore would say unto us, " Give of thy store that My 
Gospel may be preached, for time is short and eternity will be long." 


The Missionary Visitor 


China and the New Missionary 

Walter J. Heisey 

IT has been three months since we landed 
in Peking, and I suppose many of the 
Visitor readers have been expecting to 
hear from us before now. Because of our 
late arrival in China we have had some ex- 
tra work to do, and have therefore neg- 
lected to write. In addition to our party 
of ten there were several students who en- 
tered the Language School late, and be- 
cause there were so many of us the director 
organized a special class for us. This was 
not only a great favor to us, but was also 
a decided advantage, for to have entered 
at that time with the regular class would 
have made the language study much more 
difficult. We have been given enough work 
to do so that when school opens after vaca- 
tion we will be enrolled with the regular 
class. The school employs the inductive 
method of teaching, and this simplifies our 
work very much. 

We are deeply grateful to our Heavenly 
Father for the privilege of being in China 
at this crucial time. It seemed for a time 
that we would not be able to sail, but the 
way finally opened and we are here and 
have a good start on our work. Some who 
had planned to come this year were hin- 
dered, either by lack of finance or because of 
military regulation, and therefore could not 
come. Beginning with the winter term 
there will be ten or twelve new students. 
The total enrollment of the school is about 
one hundred. Of these, only twenty are 
men. The work in all of the missions is 
being greatly retarded because of a shortage 
of men. 

The better we become acquainted with 
the Chinese people, the more deeply are we 
impressed with traits of character in them 
which commend them to us. In our mission- 
ary reading and thinking we are apt to form 
the conclusion that, because the missionary 
lands are thousands of miles away, and be- 
cause many of the people are ignorant and 
superstitious, the people are somewhat be- 
neath us. In some sense this is true, but in 
a far greater sense it is not true. The people 
are ignorant because they have been satis- 
fied with themselves and their civilization 

for so many years. They are getting their 
eyes opened to the advantages of western 
civilization, and the foreigner now receives 
a hearty welcome among them. While the 
foreigner is being welcomed in China, he 
must recognize that the Chinese are natives 
of the country and that he is the foreigner. 
We had not been in China long before we 
realized that we were strangers in a for- 
eign land, and lhat the Chinese were the 
citizens of the country. We met Chinese 
officers, passed through Chinese customs, 
bought at Chinese stores, rode on the train 
with Chinese in the majority, listened with 
very great interest to Chinese speech, and 
everything about us except our own small 
possessions was Chinese. We concluded 
that if we wanted to accomplish anything 
in China it would be necessary for us to 
think and talk in Chinese terms. 

One does not need to be in China to 
notice the care-free way with which they 
move about their work. They move slowly, 
and at the first thought one is inclined to 
conclude that they are lazy. As we watch 
their movements more closely we find that 
they are not lazy, but that they have not 
come to value time as we have in the West. 
And withal they seem to work day and 
night. The call of the street vender greets 
us as we wake in the morning, and bids us 
a last good-night in the evening. It is al- 
most marvelous with what readiness and 
cheerfulness they adapt themselves to their 
conditions and environment. Bishop Bash- 
ford makes this observation in his book, 
"China an Interpretation": "Adaptability 
is with the Chinese an inherited virtue es- 
sential to their survival. It is one thing to 
submit to one's surroundings from necessi- 
ty, and quite another so to triumph over 
these surroundings as to make the adjust- 
ment with cheerfulness." This is a lesson 
that Western nations could well afford to 
learn and apply. 

The long conservatism of the Chinese 
people has left a stamp so indelible that it 
will take many years for the younger gener- 
ation to break away from its influence. In- 
delible as this stamp is, yet it is most inter- 


The Missionary Visitor 


esting to note the hunger for Western 
learning that is manifest among the people 
generally. Many of the young men from 
the Government University in Peking, in 
the face of warnings from their conserva- 
tive parents against the influence of West- 
ern learning, especially as it is associated 
with Christianity, attend evening Bible 
classes at some of the" missions in the city. 
Many of them have lost faith in their old 
religion, and the simple story of the Gospel 
makes a very strong appeal to them. With 
maijy of the parents these objections are 
being changed into interest in the same 
things that the children are interested in, 
and they are allowing their girls to attend 

the government schools, as well as the 
mission schools. The result of this hunger 
is that many of the young people, who are 
the coming China, are becoming Christians, 
and through their influence the homes, also, 
are gradually opening. Though we are so 
new on the field, and know so little of the 
Chinese, we can keenly feel this hungering 
on the part of the people. This gives us a 
strong desire to be able to use the Chinese 
language and tell the Story to them. China 
is well worthy of the best that the world 
can afford. Will you join with us in fer- 
vently praying that she may not be robbed 
of her rights? 
Peking, China. 

How We Spent the Holiday 

Sue Rinehart Heisey 

THE Workers at Ping Ting invited us 
to spend our first Christmas in China 
with them. School closed for va- 
cation on the Thursday before Christmas, 
and on Friday morning every one was up 
early, ready to start for Ping Ting. We 
were disappointed that all ten of us could 
not go, for we had been looking forward to 
this trip for some time. Just a few days be- 
fore time to start the doctor advised that 
since five of our party had not had success- 
ful vaccinations recently, they should not 
go interior at this time. Accordingly only 
half of our number prepared to go. Chai, 
our cook, was very busy preparing our 
lunch, helping to arrange our baggage, and 
getting us started to the train. Since we 
have not yet learned to relish all of the 
Chinese food, we thought best to take part 
of our provisions with us. It requires al- 
most two days to make the trip. 

We left the station at Peking at nine 
o'clock. The train was crowded, but the 
cars are so arranged that we had a small 
apartment to ourselves and were quite com- 
fortable. We had not gone far until we 
came into a severe dust storm. The cloud 
of dust was so dense that we could only 
see a little distance from the car window. 
Presently this passed over and we came into 
a section of country that was covered with 
snow. This added to the spirit of the 
Christmas season. About four o'clock in 

the evening we arrived at a little town called 
Shih Kia Chuang. Here we spent the night. 
This being our first experience in a Chinese 
inn we were interested in some of the cus- 
toms, especially that of sleeping on a bed 
with a fire under it (a warm kang), and in 
the manner in which our meal was served 
to us. The innkeeper put a low table on 
our kang, upon which he served the meal. 
We surrounded the table in real oriental 
style, sitting upon our feet or reclining. In- 
stead of knives and forks he gave us chop- 
sticks with which to eat our meal. 

The next day we rode among the moun- 
tains until twelve o'clock. Upon our ar- 
rival at the station we were met by Sister 
Rider and Brethren Vaniman and Ober- 
holtzer. How glad we were to see some of 
the missionaries, and how anxious we were 
to get to the station! — for we had wondered 
so much what it would be like. It was fif- 
teen li (five miles) from the railroad sta- 
tion to Ping Ting. The men walked, but 
we girls had our first ride on a donkey and 
in a chair carried by two men. Before we 
reached the station Bro. Crumpacker and 
the rest of the men met us. The missionary 
women and the schoolboys met us at the 
gate of the city with their cheerful ping 
an (greeting). We cannot tell you how 
good it made us feel when we saw the hap- 
py faces of the missionaries and the school- 


The Missionary Visitor 


On Sunday morning we attended serv- 
ices at our own church in China. We surely 
were glad to see so many there, and es- 
pecially so many young boys and girls. We 
were made glad again, as we have been so 
many times since we have been here, that 
we are in a land where there are so many 
opportunities to help those whose lives are 
dark. The joy, peace and earnestness that 
we could see in the faces of those who had 
accepted Christ was certainly an inspira- 
tion to us. On Sunday morning after serv- 
ices fifteen men and boys were baptized, 
including young Frantz Crumpacker. I 
think I shall never forget the happy ex- 
pression on their faces as they came up out 
of the water. When we think how dark 
their lives were at one time we do not 
wonder that their faces beam with joy as 
they receive the light and experience the 
joy of salvation in their hearts. In the 
evening we enjoyed a very impressive com- 
munion service with our Chinese brethren 
and sisters. 

On Christmas morning just at daybreak 
the schoolgirls came to each of the mis- 
sionaries' homes and sang " Joy to the 
World " and " Hark, the Herald Angels 

Sing." This greeting from those who have 
so recently learned to know Christ almost 
put us to shame. We could not help but 
praise the Father that He has given us the 
privilege to bring the light to such as these. 
Bro. Crumpacker preached the Christmas 
sermon. We did not understand much of 
the sermon, but it was an impressive scene 
to see the native Christians bring their 
gifts of money, food, and clothing to be 
distributed among the poor. We met in 
the home of Bro. Crumpacker. where Bro. 
Seese gave us a good talk in English, after 
which we enjoyed our Christmas dinner to- 
gether. In the evening both the boys' and 
girls' schools rendered interesting pro- 

During the week we visited in the homes 
of all the missionaries, the boys' and girls' 
schools, the men's and women's hospitals, 
and saw the plans for the new mission com- 
pound, as well as many other interesting 
things in and about Ping Ting. After a 
week's visit with the missionaries we re- 
turned to Peking, having our vision en- 
larged, and feeling refreshed to begin the 
second term's work at the Language School. 

Peking, China. 

China News Notes for February 

Laura T. Shock 

FEBRUARY 1 the schools of Liao Chou 
closed for the winter vacation over 
the Chinese New Year, the great holi- 
day time of China. During this season many 
heathen rites are performed on a much 
greater scale than at any other time of the 
year. The old kitchen gods are burned and 
new ones installed in their places. Before 
the old one is burned his mouth is covered 
with some sweet substance, so that when he 
reaches heaven, which he does through the 
process of burning, he wi'l tell sweet ta^s 
about the family with whom he dwelt. 

At this season the temptations confront- 
ing native Christians are greater than ordi- 
nary, and because of this the church must 
put forth special efforts to guard her mem- 
bers from falling. During the week begin- 

ning Feb. 11 (Chinese New Year) evening 
services were held daily in the church at 
Ping Ting for the benefit of the Christians. 
One evening was devoted to a debate, at 
which was discussed the Oriental and West- 
ern family systems. The other evenings 
were devoted to special Bib'e study. 

The week following the above wa^ ob- 
served as evangelistic week. Each day during 
the week the native Christians went out in 
groups to various parts of the city and 
several villages, selling books and speaking 
forth the gospel message, sometimes being 
gone on their evangelistic wo~k several 
hours, while at other times they remained 
the entire day. One group preached one day 
at a number of theatricals in a village, with 
several hundred people in attendance. Hun- 


The Missionary Visitor 


dreds of Gospels were sold. during the week 
and the Christians enjoyed it to such an 
extent that it was decided to continue the 
efforts each Sunday afternoon. It was ap- 
parently the means of implanting new life 
and inspiration into the body of Christians 
at this place. 

During the evangelistic week the women 
also did their part. Eight of our Chinese 
women formed groups and visited our 
Christian homes and many others in the 
city and suburbs. Sisters Crumpacker, 
Vaniman, Oberholtzer, Rider, and Horning 
accompanied them on most of their visits. 
During the six days they made some eighty 
visits. They received such a blessing that 
they, too, wish to continue the visits each 
Sunday afternoon. 

During Feb. 25, 26, and 27 the Chinese 
celebrated their Feast of Lanterns. On 
these days the streets of Liao are gaily 
decorated with thousands of paper pennants, 
of many colors, hanging from strings 
stretched across the street. Arches of ever- 
green were suspended across some of the 
streets. In the evenings the streets were 
made brilliant by large paper lanterns, and 
more so by the hundreds of pyramids of 

burning coal arranged in the center of the 
streets. While these lights are most bril- 
liant the streets are crowded with hundreds 
of people from the city and surrounding 
villages. A great many foolish perform- 
ances are carried on up and down the 
streets for the entertainment of the crowds. 
Many of these stunts are connected with 
idolatrous worship in some sense and their 
moral influence is usually of a degrading 

During these three days special efforts 
were put forth to preach the Gospel and 
distribute tracts through our reading room 
and on the street. Special meetings were 
held in the evenings. They were of an en- 
tertaining nature, connected with preaching 
the true joys of the Christian. The attend- 
ance was good and quite a number of souls 
caught their first vision of the Savior of the 


The work among the men at Ping Ting 
has been carried on under the direction of 
Brethren Oberholtzer and Yin, all the other 
men of this station, together with Dr. 
Brubaker, of Liao, being engaged in anti- 
plague work. 

Liao Chou, China. 

t% d 

These boys are ready for the song: service. Would you like to visit Ldao 
Chou and hear them? 



The Missionary Visitor 



Maud Stump 

SUPPOSE you had been born in a 
heathen home in far-away India, China 
or Africa, and had never learned to 
know of Jesus and His wonderful love for 
all people; that you knew nothing of a 
loving heavenly Father, but were taught to 
worship those cruel heathen gods in order 
to appease their wrath. Would you not feel 
that some one in America, who has learned 
to know and to love this Jesus, should be 
willing to sacrifice home and friends and 
come over and tell you of His love and help 
you to receive Him into your life? 

Suppose you were a little Indian boy who 
had been born in one of these homes, and 
you had no money to buy books and 
clothes to go to school, and that this were 
the only way for you to learn of Jesus 
(as it is with many of them). Would you 
not think that some Sunday-school class or 
individual might send you $12 per year 
(for that is all that is required) to send you 
to school? 

Suppose you were a poor woman in India 
and were imprisoned in your own home for 
all your life, not being allowed to get out 
and enjoy the beauties of nature, while in- 
side your home you knew nothing except 
slavery, sin and debauchery. Would you 
not think that some free Christian woman 
should love you enough to come and tell 
you the story of Jesus, thus bringing joy 
and gladness into your heart which is now 
so full of sorrow and fear? 

Suppose you were one of a small band 
of missionaries doing everything in your 
power to bring the light of the Gospel to 
the poor, sinsick souls about you, and that 
one day a man from a near-by village came 
to you (as one did to a certain missionary) 
and asked you to send them a teacher, for 
they were ready to accept the Gospel. Of 
course you had to tell him that you had no 
one to send, for you had already more work 
than that small band could do. He went 
away disappointed. Again he came back, 
receiving the same answer, and the third 
time he became angry and said, " When we 
see your God we'll tell Him on you." Would 
you not pray that the Lord would open the 

eyes of the church at home so that they 
might see the need and help to educate 
young men and women that they might 
come over and help you to take the Light 
to these hungry souls? 

" For ye know the grace of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, that, though He was rich, yet 
for your -sakes He became poor, that ye 
through His poverty might become rich." 
Are you willing to follow Christ and be- 
come poor in the things of this world, that 
those who have never heard of Christ may 
become rich in His love? 

" Pray ye therefore the Lord of the har- 
vest, that He send forth laborers into His 


Bruce Vannoy 

THE idea seems to prevail among the 
churches that our ministers and mis- 
sionaries are about the only ones 
called to active service for the Master. 
They are thought of as noble, self-sacrificing 
people, called to do a great work. We read 
biographies of their noble lives and are 
thrilled with admiration. And truly they 
deserve our praise; but did it ever occur 
to you, dear reader, that we are all mem- 
bers of one body, and that the laity has a 
calling just as important? If the one is 
called to go into the field for the Lord the 
other is called to send, and we believe tnat 
if the ones called to send give of their 
means for that purpose, systematically, 
willingly and cheerfully, they will hear that. 
"Blessed, well done," in just as sweet ana 
tender tones as the missionary who gives a 
life of service in the foreign fields. 

We are all members of one body, and 
from the standpoint of the "Go Ye" com- 
mission we might be divided into two 
classes, the goers and the senders. Many of 
us may say we are not called to go, but 
who would dare to say that he is not called 
to do either? 

Let us meditate upon these things. 

Bruce, Mont. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Wanted — Young Men 

George T. Bennett 

Wanted — young- men who are willing to 

Clad in God's armor, with swords gleaming 

Wanted — young men whom no foe can af- 
To join in the ranks of our King. 

Wanted — young men who will enter the 

Noble young men who will dare to do right; 
Stalwart young men who will strive with 

their might 
To further the cause of our King. 

Wanted — young men who'll be loyal and 

Men who are willing to side with the few. 
Come on, young men, for our leader needs 

To fight in the ranks of our King. 

Wanted — young men who are heathy and 

Who never will shirk, though the battle be 


But fight 'neath the banner of truth against 
For the sake of country and King. 

Wanted — young men who for Jesus will go, 
Gallant young men who will face any foe; 
Bright, earnest young men with their hearts 
all aglow 
To enlist and fight for the King. 

Wanted — young men who will stand firm 

and fast, 
Plucky young men who will stand to the 

Wanted — young men, till the battle is past 
And victory is claimed for our King. 

Wanted — young men to give up their all. 
Wanted — young men to respond to the call 
To go and rescue the wounded who fall, 
And bring them to Jesus our King. 

Wanted — young men when the battle is 

Wanted — young men when the victory's 

To step from the ranks and receive the 

" Well done " 

From the lips of Jesus our King. 

— Bay City, Mich. 


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The Missionary Visitor 


Report of the April 1918 Board Meeting 

The Editor 

[Note. — Hereafter it is the purpose of the Visi- 
tor to give a brief report of the business transact- 
ed at the various General Mission Board meetings.] 

ALL members of the General Mission 
Board were present at the regular 
spring meeting which convened at 
Elgin, Illinois, Wednesday, April 17, 1918. 
It was also a special cause for thanksgiving 
that Bro. D. L. Miller, Life Advisory mem- 
ber, could be present. This meeting was no 
exception to the general trend of Board af- 
fairs in that a large volume of business was 
on the program for consideration. 

The Secretary of the General Mission 
Board is at this time engaged in a revision 
of the Manual. This little volume, when 
completed, will cover the policy of the 
Board as it relates both to the Field and the 
Home Base. The Secretary is planning that 
this shall be both comprehensive and ex- 
haustive and cover every phase of our work 
wherein a policy has been outlined. This 
Manual was considered by the Board and 
the work encouraged. 

The Southern Mission Field has been the 
subject of very careful investigation, by the 
Secretary, through correspondence; a visit 
to this field has been arranged for some 
time in the near future. The Board real- 
izes the importance of this work and de- 
sires to study the question carefully. 

The Board's Five Year Forward Move- 
ment in conjunction with the Sunday School 
and Educational Boards was considered 
carefully and the work was ordered to be 
prosecuted vigorously. Since there has 
been delay in opening the campaign it has 
been decided to postpone its actual inaugu- 
ration until January 1, 1919. Preliminary 
work will be done this season and the cam- 
paign will commence with next January. 

Bro. E. H. Eby, our splendid Field Secre- 
tary, will have his efforts reinforced this 
summer by the addition of three other secre- 
taries. These brethren will visit as many 
churches as possible in the time allotted 
them. One or the other of them may call 
and see some of the Visitor readers during 
tl\e year. 

Our missionaries in Sweden report con- 
ditions there as being quite hard to bear. 
Living expenses have risen high; the poor 
people can barely make ends meet. The 
Scandinavian countries are doing their best 
to remain neutral. Because of war condi- 
tions Bro. Graybill's have been asked to re- 
main in Sweden through this year, even 
though their furlough is now due. A church- 
house is much needed, but the Board feels 
it wise to defer definite action on this mat- 
ter until a later time. 

A committee of two, consisting of Breth- 
ren Chas. D. Bonsack and J. J. Yoder, were 
appointed to study the question of a Music 
Editor for the House. 

Bro. G. J. Fercken, at one time missionary 
of our church in Asia Minor and later in 
France, and who has now been reinstated 
as a member of the church and resides in 
Switzerland, is in need of the necessities of 
life. Bro. D. L. Miller was appointed to 
write an appeal for funds for Bro. Fercken's 

A low-pressure heating plant was author- 
ized for the Hiel Hamilton Memorial Hos- 
pital, Liao Chou, China. This type of heat- 
ing is almost imperative for the greatest 
success of the hospital. 

One of the large problems for parents 
in India is the education of their children. 
The plan of the workers now is to send 
them to a Boarding School in the hills 
where the climate is more favorable. A pe- 
tition came to the Board for a matron to 
care for these children who are thus so far 
away from their homes. A matron was ap- 
pointed for this very important and neces- 
sary work. Few items of business came to 
this meeting from the fields. The August 
session is when the estimates for the suc- 
ceeding year are considered. 

The terms of the members of the Gish 
Fund Committee having expired, the fol- 
lowing brethren were appointed: Elder Har- 
ry A. Brandt, House Bookman, till 1921, 
Elder J. W. Lear, till 1920, Elder J. E. Mil- 
ler till 1919. 

A splendid program for the Monday aft- 


The Missionary Visitor 



ernoon missionary meeting at Conference 
is assured in the appointment of Sister Ida 
C. Shumaker and Brother Otho Winger as 
the speakers. 

Quite a large number of applicants were 
considered for the Field and a number were 
appointed to this devoted work. These will 
be recommended to Standing Committee 
and Conference in the regular manner. The 
Board recognizes the urgency of the pres- 
ent situation on all of our fields and trusts 
that the Brotherhood is praying with it for 
laborers to be thrust out into the harvest. 

The question of proper pastoral guidance 
for our brethren in South China was gone 
into with considerable care. This matter 
is being referred to the Hershey Conference 
for advice and recommendation. 

Brother Galen B. Royer, who has been 
connected with the General Mission Board 
for more than thirty years, being Secretary- 
Treasurer for most of that time, tendered 
his resignation at this meeting. The same 
was accepted to take effect August 31, 1918. 
The present Assistant Secretary was elected 
to this position, to assume the work at the 
time of Bro. Royer's retirement. The Board 
accepted Bro. Royer's kindly offer to dis- 

pose of his missionary library and the same 
will become the property of the Board for 
office use. 

Considerable money was appropriated for 
the assistance of missionary work in State 
Districts. The Board always endeavors to 
do its best for such appeals as these that 
come from our District Mission Boards, but 
oftentimes is unable to grant the full 
amounts asked for because of a lack of 

A letter from the Student Volunteers was 
read to the Board, showing their hearty co- 
operation in the work of the Board and 
their prayers for the success of the work. 
Without the kindly interest and active help 
of these young workers who are in prepara- 
tion for the large tasks of the Church, the 
work of the Board would be seriously ham- 
pered. But we rejoice in their whole-heart- 
ed interest. 

Other matters of a more or less routine 
character were considered by the Board but 
the foregoing will go to show that the meet- 
ing was important in many ways. Truly the 
doors are opened wide in the fields of the 
world for active Christian missionary en- 

The Kind of a Letter an Editor Appreciates 

The following letter, just received, strikes us 
as being too good to keep. Editing a paper is 
like a leap into the dark. One can grow enthusi- 
astic over the subject matter of an issue, prepare 
it, arrange it, pronounce it good and then send 
it out — and — and — and — then never hear from it 
again, unless it be that some one's subscription 
expires or something is printed that somebody 
does not like. Just try the job sometime your- 
self and see if this is not true. But this letter is 
such a splendid exception, and substantial, too, 
that we want you to enjoy it with us. — Editor. 

Pennsylvania, April 12, 1918. 
Dear Brother: 

I cannot refrain on this, the fourth day of 
snowy weather, from expressing my thanks 
to you for having made it possible for me 
to enjoy an otherwise dreary morning. 

I arose late today with the feeling of a 
grouch because of enforced inactivity due 
to weather conditions. However, a Mission- 
ary Visitor came along with the other mail, 
and after getting comfortably settled by the 
fire I idly lifted the periodical and leafed 
from page to page, wondering how I should 
abstract myself from boredom for the day, 

when I caught "A Glimpse into the Life of 
a City Mission Worker." Now, this is one 
of the things I often mused over: " How 
is it possible for the city missionary to take 
up his or her whole time in church work?" 
I can now perceive a suitable and satis- 
factory answer, with due appreciation of the 
article by "One in the Work." In addition 
to this, the immense possibilities of city 
work are made plain. 

Then that little poem, " The Silent Slan- 
derer," will likely occur from memory when 
it can do the soul good. 

Following closely came Bro. A. B. Horst, 
who gave me some excellent home mission 
thoughts, while closely following him with 
more good things was Bro. Carman Cover 
Johnson, whom I know and who knows his 
subject thoroughly. These men brought 

By this time I was glad to be permitted 
to make a District Mission Survey under a 

May The Missionary Visitor 165 

competent guide. This impressed me first " Shall it be $5, or is that too m . . . ? 

with the largeness of the field, while second On second thought nothing but $25 will 

thought brought to mind the seeming do." 

scarcity of workers and funds. Who knows? If time had permitted China, 

Following this came a glimpse of Pitts- India, the Student Volunteer Band, and last, 

burgh— the city I know best— and with it but not least, the PRAYER HOUR to 

memory brought a quiet baptismal scene claim my attention, conscience might have 

in a rural district of Armstrong County, Pa., dictated a larger amount, 

which actually happened many years ago — This is given freely, willingly, without 

one of the characters in which seems most reservation. Please use it the same way in 

prominent in the " History of the Pitts- God's work where He may direct, 

burgh Church." Again thanking you for the opportunity 

I am now loath to part with good com- of the morning, I am 

pany, but it is time for lunch; gloom has Yours fraternally, 

been chased away by sturdy resolution and, "A Friend." 

Hershey Press Conference News 

The following letter from Bro. J. Allan Myers, Huntington, Pa., is self-explanatory. We give 
this new venture our strongest approval. For the encouragement of that committee of arrangements 
which has had the faith to undertake such a thing, and for the benefit which our Brotherhood can de- 
rive from such an exclusively-arranged paper, we trust that it may be freely ordered by our people. 
We should like to see it patronized so freely that committees in the future would do the same thing. 
Your patronage will lend such encouragement. Many will not get to Conference this year and the paper 
will be the next thing to being there. If you are of the same mind, please order the paper of Bro. 
Myers and tell your people, publicly and privately, to do the same. AND DO IT NOW. — Editor. 

Under present conditions the news and report of our Annual Meeting at Hershey, 
through any of the daily newspapers, could not be made of any practical value to our 
Brotherhood this year. 

The committee of arrangei ents has decided to issue a special publication during 
the Conference to be known as "THE HERSHEY PRESS CONFERENCE NEWS." 

Many of the programs and conferences representing the numerous activities of the 
church, such as Evangelistic, Peace, Temperance, Child Rescue. Rural Church Problems, 
Christian Workers', Volunteers', Sisters' Aid, Fathers and Sons', Mothers and Daughters', 
etc., etc., are held previous to the business meeting and never appear on the official records 
of Conference. 

These meetings have prepared programs and are supposed to be from the best 
thought and experience of our Brotherhood. They determine the policy of the church 
and mark her progress. The committee believes these discussions should be available 
for careful study, and later application, by those who can not hear them as well as those 
who do. It shall be the purpose of the Conference News to give the principal speeches 
and discussions of these several programs as far as practical, at least a comprehensive 
digest of them, so that they may be preserved in our homes for study and future use. 

It will be printed on good paper and each issue will contain not less than eight pages 
the size of the regular weekly Hershey Press. The cost, under present conditions, will 
be heavy, but the committee believes it worth while, and, that every family may have 
the benefit of it, will keep the subscription price at 25 cents. Single copies on the ground, 
5 cents. 

Will not all our pastors and ministers see that it is brought to the attention of their 
membership and their subscription secured for the entire issue? If these meetings are 
worth being held, it is worth while that every family should know what is prese ted at 

Send all subscriptions to J. A. Myers, Huntingdon, Pa. By order of the committee. 


The Missionary Visitor 




By A Friend 

T is with min- 
gling of greatest 
joy and deepest 
sorrow that we bid 
the last farewell to a 
fellow- volunteer. 
Nothing is a greater 
incentive to more 

J perfect living than 
I Jgk to review the life of 
jffl one to whom God 
JEl J has said, "Well 


Deane Dunbar Winger was born near 
North Manchester, Ind., Dec. 22, 1894, and 
died at the Garfield Park Hospital, Chicago, 
March 17, 1918, aged twenty-three years, 
two months and twenty-five days. 

Early in life she gave her heart to the 
Lord, uniting with the Christian Church. 
She was always an ardent Sunday-school 
and church worker. May 28, 1917, she united 
with the Church of the Brethren, and June 
2, 1917, was united in marriage to Bro. 
Roger Winger, an active young minister of 
our church. Previous to that time she spent 
parts of several years in Manchester Col- 
lege. Since their marriage she and her hus- 
band have been in Bethany Bible School, 
preparing to spend their lives in definite 
Christian service. 

Her life was an example of beautiful 
Christian living. She was a tender and 
sweet companion to a widowed mother, a 
cheerful friend to a wide circle of acquaint- 
ances, and an extremely conscientious 
Christian. Very few young people of her 
experience enjoyed such a large circle of 

She was never very strong physically, but 
in spite of that she had planned a life's 
work t.iat was large enough for a strong 
man. She had faith that God would supply 
the needed strength. When talking to a 

confidential friend on this subject about a 
year ago she asked, "Are you praying for 
me?" This became a common phrase in her 

It was never a question in her mind 
whether she would do God's will or not, but 
to know God's will was to do it. She has 
been known to ponder on questions of right 
and wrong for several months at a time, 
but the instant she knew God's will she 
obeyed. What could not the church accom- 
plish if that could be said of each member? 
During the school year of 1917-1918, some 
of her closest friends tried to help her to 
see things from their true viewpoint, but 
she so thoroughly responded to new truth 
that she soon far surpassed her friends and 
they had to look to her for help. 

She was constantly desiring to do service 
for Him. For some time she and her hus- 
band had been considering the matter of 
serving the Master on the foreign field, and 
recently had fully decided to offer them- 
selves for the China field next year. Since 
she has not been permitted to carry out 
this desire of her heart, may her life be an 
inspiration and a challenge to her many 
friends and fellow-volunteers. 

Will not some one be moved to give his 
life to fill the place left vacant by this one, 
who so nobly faced life's challenge and the 
Christian call? 


Gladys V. Senseman 

As I think of the act of giving, I think of 
two ways in which we as volunteers may 
give; we can give of our own material pos- 
sessions, and in addition to that we can 
make another gift, a gift which is far more 
valuable, the gift of our strength, our 
energy, our life, our all, for the cause of 
the kingdom of God. 

On every hand men are being called upon 
to give their lives for the service of their 
country. Our government is calling for 
both money and men, but it will not receive 


The Missionary Visitor 


money in exchange for the service of the 
young man. It cannot carry on war with 
money alone; it must have men offer their 
lives to this service. So it is with us who 
•are citizens of the kingdom of God. \y e 
may give of our money and of our material 
possessions, yet these alone will not carry 
on the work of God. We must give our 
lives, our all, for this great cause. Until 
we do, the work of God will never be carried 
on to its fullest extent. 

Before I became a volunteer I felt that 
I could give of my material means and thus 
be doing my part of the work in the king- 
dom of God. Yet there came a time when 
I knew that I was not doing my full part. 
It was then that I became a volunteer, and 
the joy which I experienced then far ex- 
celled any other joy which I had ever felt. 
If we receive joy in the giving of material 
wealth how much greater it will be when we 
give ourselves! The more fully, the more 
earnestly, we give our lives to be used in 
this work, the greater will be the joy. 
«<$* •}& 
E. D. Kinzie 

The poor cripple at the Beautiful Gate oi 
the temple asked an alms of Peter and 
John, because he did not know that a 
greater blessing might be had for the ask- 
ing, wlrch would render him no longer in 
need of alms. What a joyful surprise! How 
much better than silver or gold, the healing 
of this poor wrecked body, in the name of 

Crippled humanity today cries to us for 
an alms. They do not realize their real 
need. The world is full of theories as to 
remedies and solutions of the world's prob- 
lems, but Jesus is left out. They do not 
know His healing power. Oh, may we give 
"SUCH AS WE HAVE "—Jesus— and 
show Him to be the Savior and the One 
fully adequate to heal and comfort. 

Yes, by His Spirit's strength we'll go. 
And tell mankind the joys we know. 
None other name can give to men 
Relief from sorrow and from sin. 

Elizabethtown, Pa. 

W. A. Willoughby 
There are starving, with a wealth of man- 
hood and womanhood crushed beneath the 

weight of idolatry, eight hundred million 
heathen, waiting for you and me to take 
them the message of eternal life. Children 
are being raised and we are letting their 
souls die. Why? Have we anything better 
than they? At the door of the temple Peter 
told the cripple, " Silver and gold have I 
none; but such as I have, give I to thee." 
The same thing Peter gave with his healing 
— the message of Jesus Christ — we can give 
to lost heathendom. Peter gave that 
"which I have." Are you? A few are 
giving their mind and body to take the mes- 
sage. What are you doing? Laying up 
treasures on earth? I hope not. If you 
cannot use your body and mind to take 
this message of Jesus, use " that which you 
have." Give of your " silver and gold," to 
help send the message of Jesus to the dying 
souls in heathen countries. 


Trude Mishler 
What should be your gift for mission 
work this year? This story of a young 
woman may help you to decide. She had a 
widowed mother. During her girlhood she 
had just the bare necessities of life. When 
she reached the age of twenty-one she held 
in her hand a certificate for $2,000 as a herit- 
age from her grandfather. This new re- 
sponsibility was too great for her. All alone 
she said to God, "I have not earned it; I 
will use it in Your service." She entered 
coflege, and a few years later as she grew 
into possession of the more abundant life, 
she said again to God, " I am not worthy of 
the blessings I am receiving, but I accept 
them, and give my life as a foreign volun- 
teer." The supreme joy in giving comes 
when we have given as freely as we have 


' Sarah Shisler 

Everything in nature gives to the world 
just what God planned it should. Each 
bird has its own song, each flower its own 
fragrance, and each Christian his own work. 
Christ never meant that the work of the 
church should be done by a few rare in- 
dividuals. He never meant that there 


The Missionary Visitor 



should be some active church workers and 
some passive ones. He is counting on each 
one to do his own work. There is no sub- 
stitute to be had, for no one can take your 
place in the great Divine plan. There is no 
one who can do your work and my work as 
well as you and I can, because God es- 
peciall}' fitted us for it. Every individual 
comes from God as a new thought for a 
special service to the world. 

It is first of all necessary for all of us 
to bring our supreme gift to Christ — our- 
selves absolutely surrendered to His will. 
Then we are prepared to give Christ to our 
fellow-men. All of us have the same thing 
to give, but we are endowed with different 
means of giving it. 

If we cannot sway an audience with the 
power of speech or song, let us recognize 
with Peter that it is not ours- to give, and, 
as he did, let us find what our avenue of 
service is. Have you found what you have 
to give? No talent is too small, for "little 
is always much when God is in it." Paul 
preached, Peter healed, Dorcas ministered 
to the poor, David sang, Moses led, the 
widow gave her mite, and each one's serv- 
ice was acceptable because he gave such as 
he had. The test of our lives is not what 
we have wrought, but how hard we have 

Every talent consecrated to God leads to 
power. Surely we can all cheerfully say, 
" Such as I have I give to thee," if we let 
go of ourselves and let God lead us into our 
paths of service. 

Elizabethtown, Pa. 

«^* «•?* 




Leo Blickenstaff 

" Ye have heard that it was said in old 
time," you do not need to give, you must 
keep it all for yourself and your children 
for a " rainy day." " But I say unto you," 
if God has bought you from sin and death 
you belong to Him, and besides you ought 
to be very grateful. 

" The kingdom of heaven is at hand," a 
new yet old Gospel, to meet the great is- 
sues of a ripe and lost world. " Repent ye 
therefore, for except your right-doing ex- 
ceed " the standards, the customs, and man- 

ner of life of the so-called Christian of to- 
day, " ye can in no wise enter this king- 
dom." The altar was, and still is, just out- 
side the door of the tabernacle. Therefore 
do not as thej'- who try to enter without 
their offering — " they are thieves." Ye must 
be crucified on the altar, even as your Mas- 
ter, that ye may be born to a new life. And 
that life requires, "presenting your bodies a 
living sacrifice." It is more than all the 
loose change of the "rich Pharisees"; it is 
the " living of the widow." 

" Woe unto them, for they cleanse " and 
beautify their own homes; but the church 
property is neglected and cold; yea, they 
have even forgotten to provide any churches 
at all for millions of their fellow-men! 

"Woe unto these" selfish servants! "Let 
them bring forth fruits showing repent- 
ance"! Not fruits to be seen, published, 
nor those consisting of long prayers in 
church for the wayward, the unbeliever, and 
the heathen; which are followed by neglect- 
ing them and letting them suffer when the 
fruit of their own orchard is rotting or 
their granary locked up! 

" Woe unto them, for they are foolish and 
blind guides!" For after the marriage vow 
they spend their years for houses and lands 
without any time for soul service, joining 
hand to hand with their children from the 
eldest to the youngest, and leading them in 
wayward paths. 

"Woe unto them," for they praise the dis- 
ciples of old; and say, "We would not have 
been among the rejecters." But they are 
"filling up the measure of their fathers" who 
gave the tenth, when in America alone the 
Christian Church is yearly $2,000,000,000 be- 
hind its own tenth; while fashion, vice, 
greed, and ignorance rule with untold de- 
struction; while Christ is "crucified afresh," 
with the resultant flowing of the bloody 
streams of Europe, and is "put to shame" 
before the other religions of the world, and 
before the eyes of the dying heathen! 

O Christian, Christian! Thou who still 
" continuest to reject the messages that 
have so often come unto thee"; canst thou 
not hear Christ calling unto thee, "How oft 
would I have gathered thee under My wing, 
but thou wilt not"? The day of rewards 
will come. " Will your house then be left 
unto you desolate"? 


The Missionary Visitor 


Arranged by Anna Beahm 


" Whoso hath this world's goods, and be- 
holdeth his brother in need and shutteth 
up his compassion from him, how doth the 
love of God abide in him? My little 
children, let us not love in word, neither 
with the tongue; but in deed and truth" 
(1 John 3:17-18). 

Praise God for the money that has been 
given to further His cause during the 
past year. Pray that the spirit of liberality 
may continue to grow. Pray that more 
churches may get a vision of the need 
and give accordingly. 

We were glad last year for the large Con- 
ference offering. But if each one of our 
members would give only one dollar that 
offering would be more than doubled. 

Pray for your congregation in its part in 
the Conference offering. 

" Give until you feel it, and then keep right 
on giving until you cease to feel it." 

"And daily, hourly loving and giving 
In the poorest life makes heavenly living." 


Thank God for the volunteers who have 
enlisted in His service. Especially thank 
Him for the ones who have already gone 
to the field. Pray for them in their work. 

Pray for real consecration in the life of each 
volunteer. Pray that every student who 
feels directed to do so may enroll as a 
volunteer. May each student be brought 
face to face with this proposition be- 
fore leaving school. 

Remember the volunteers who will be at 
the Conference and the meetings they 
will have. Pray earnestly for the election 
of officers for next year. 


During the summer some will be in school, 

some out in the field in business and 

church work, and some are in camp. 
Pray that the summer may be just as much 

a part of preparation for service as the 

nine months of school. Pray that each 
volunteer may radiate well-grounded mis- 
sionary enthusiasm, and above all that his 
life may truly count for Jesus. Pray for 
the volunteers in camp, where former plans 
have been so changed that their lives may 
be planned just as God wills. 
"Stir into flame the gift of God which is in 

May 26-June 1.— A DEEPER PRAYER 

" Not by might, nor by power, but by My 
Spirit, saith Jehovah of hosts" (Zech. 

The church of today is confronted with a 
very great task. And with this there are 
problems within the church. Let us pray 
for a faith that will attempt the seemingly 
impossible and a courage that will step 
out upon God's promises. 

Pray that we may be educated in prayer, 
that we may truly intercede. "We will 
continue stedfastly in prayer, and in the 
ministry of the word" (Acts 6:4). 


In face of the present crisis pray that this 
Conference may mean more than any 
previous one for the cause of Christ. 

Pray that all will come whom God wants 
there; that the general atmosphere of the 
meeting may bring men and women to 
their knees in earnest petitions for the 
cause of Christ; that the business meet- 
ings may prove helpful and encouraging 
to the delegates and others attending 
them; that the missionary meetings may 
be especially planned to present a strong 
appeal for the needs of both money and 
workers on the home and foreign fields. 

P. S. I would like to know how many 
are using the suggestions given in the 
"Weekly Prayer Hour." How do they help 
and what suggestions have you to make the 
page more profitable? Write to me at 
North Manchester, Ind. — A. B. 


The Missionary Visitor 



We printed a poem in the July 1917 
Visitor entitled, "An Easy Way to Learn 
the Bible in Rhyme" and said we would 
print the names of the first ten boys and 
girls who committed this to memory. Only 
eight have responded before this issue, but 
we are glad to put the name of Miss Dora 
Bryant, Brummett, N. C, on the Honor 
Roll. It will do all of our boys and girls 
good to memorize this poem. 


LOVICE JAMES had just begun to 
study fract : ons, and so when the 
minister spoke often of a "tenth" in 
his sermon one Sunday morning, Lovice 
listened with unusual attention. What he 
said about a tenth set the little girl to think- 
ing. The next morning she sat in the ham- 
mock in a vine-covered corner of the porch, 
sheltered from the softly-falling rain. She 
had a book in her lap, but she was thinking, 
not reading. Lovice was ten years oM, and 

every Monday morning her father gave her 
ten cents for her week's allowance, to>be 
spent as she pleased. The James children 
all had been brought up on the plan of 
having for spending money as many pennies 
a week as they were years old. As each 
birthday came around they were very hap- 
py over the thought of their "raise" of one 
more penny a week. 

Lovice's ten cents was usually gone by 
Saturday afternoon and Mr. James always 
gave her a penny for Sunday-school; but 
after what the minister had said about giv- 
ing, at least, a tenth of our money to the 
Lord, she had decided that she ought to 
take her Sunday-school penny out of her ten 
cents, for that was a tenth. She had made 
up her mind to keep a nice little record of 
what she did with her money, so, after 
thinking it over, she went and brought her 
little memorandum book and wrote four 
headings, each at the top of the new page. 
The first was "Sunday-school," the next 
"Saved," then "Spent Foolishly," and last of 
all, "Spend when you have to spend." The 
last heading was so long it took up two 
whole lines. She didn't know just how 
older people kept their accounts, so she had 

These children of the Ivester Junior League, Iowa, recently gave $25 for the support of 

Master Elisha Valji in India 



The Missionary Visitor 



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Photo from World Outlook 

A Wheatless Day in South Africa 

to make up a way. That night, just before 
bedtime, she showed Mr. James her book. 
" And, father, I'm going to give a tenth to 
the Lord," she added, "and you will not need 
to give my Sunday-school penny any more." 
"That's right, daughter," answered her fath- 
er; but he could not help smiling at the 
headings in her book. 

The next Saturday afternoon Lovice sat 
once more in the hammock, this time with 
her account book in her hand. It did not 
rain now, but was clear and sunny, and the 
bright sunshine through the vines made a 
golden network on the floor of the porch. 
Lovice looked carefully over her record. The 
pages headed "Saved" and "Sunday-school" 
were empty. On the last was written, "One 
cent for a sponge, and one cent for a soap- 
stone pencil." Lovice could have bought two 
slate pencils for a cent, but they were the 
scratchy kind, and she liked the soapstone 
best. The third page troubled her most. 
"Two cents for licker'sh," and "One cent for 
lozinjers, six times!" All her money was 
gone, and there wasn't any tenth left! Those 
lozenges were so tempting in the tiny win- 
dow of the schoolstore, each rolled in 
paper of different colors, and each with a 
different flavor. Lovice liked the sassafras 
best, all wrapped in pink. Each roll had a 
little printed slip in it with your fortune 
on it. Lovice was considered quite a good 
speller in the schoolroom, but she never had 

had any such words as "lozenges" and 
"licorice," in her spelling lesson, and she 
had to spell them as best she could. It 
was a very sober-faced little girl who asked 
her father the next morning for a penny 
for Sunday-school, and explained that her 
pennies were all gone. " You must lay 
aside your tenth first, Lovice," said her 
father, "or you never will do it at all." 

On her way to school the next morning 
Lovice stopped at the little schoolstore, and 
asked for an empty spoolbox. At noon, 
when she reached home, she wrote on it, 
"One-tenth," put a penny in it, and hid it 
safely away in the top bureau drawer. All 
during the week, as one by one she handed 
the rest of her pennies over the schoolstore 
counter to the plump little German woman, 
she thought of the tenth laid away, and it 
made her happy. When the next Sunday 
came, there it was in the spoolbox, waiting 
to be carried to Sunday-school. "I'm glad I 
put it there first thing, father," she said. 
"It's a much better way." 

When Lovice grew older and had more 
money she kept on giving, but she changed 
the fraction to a ninth, and then an eighth, 
and kept on giving more and more, for she 
found it one of the very happiest things in 
all the world to give her money to the Lord. 
And she always felt glad that she began 
when such a little girl to lay aside the tenth 
first. — Canadian Churchman. 


The Missionary Visitor 




In the March Visitor, under World Wide, West- 
ern Maryland, the $10.80 credited to A. L. Sines 
should have been credited to Oakland congrega- 
tion instead. In the March Visitor, under Armen- 
ian and Syrian Relief, Second District of West 
Virginia, the $3.00 credited to Mt. Zion congrega- 
tion should have been credited to S. M. Annon, 
$1.00; Mrs. Elizabeth S. Annon, $1.00; Naomi D. 
Gainer, $1.00. m , , ma 

In the June, 1917, Visitor under World Wide, 
Middle Iowa, $25.00 to the credit of Jos. New- 
comer, was omitted from the printed report. Al- 
so, in the same report under World Wide, North- 
ern Virginia, the $12.65 credited to Esther Seidig 
should instead have been $8.00 to Esther Seidig, 
and $12.65 credited to Mary E. Kagey. 

During the month of March the General Mis- 
sion Board sent out 222,181 pages of tracts. 

During March the Board received the following 
donations to its funds: 

Pennsylvania— $844.28. 
Western District, Sunday Schools. 
Walnut Grove — Johnstown, $25.64; Pike, 

$15.00, ? 40 64 


Amanda Roddy, $100.00; D. P. Lepley, 
$50.00; Elizabeth M. Grosh, $25.00; G. W. 
McDermott, $10.00; Alice A. Roddy, $2.00; 
Thos. Harden and family, $1.00; A sister, 

$5.00, 193 00 

Middle District, Sunday School. 

Replogle Woodbury, 19 32 

Christian Workers. 

James Creek, 3 00 


Mary A. Kinsey, 10 00 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Mingo, $65.50; Little Swatara, $20; 
Mountville, $19.33; Annville, $29; Akron, 
$10.87; Conestoga, $15; East Fairview, $6; 

Spring Creek, $100 ; Chiques, $89.31, 355 04 

Christian Workers. 

Green Tree, 15 10 

H. H. Royer, $100; Louisa Kemmerer, 

$1 ; Nancy L. Horst, 25c, 101 25 

Southern District. 

D. B. Hosteller, $10.40 ; Mrs. W. C. Wertz, 

$5 ; Two Sisters— Back Creek, $25, 40 40 

Southeastern District, Congregations. 

Coventry, $44 ; Norristown, $22.53 66 53 

Idaho— $714.12. 
Sunday School. 

Weiser, 7 22 

Christian Workers. 

Winchester, 5 70 


Jennie Furman, $700; R. A. Orr, $1.20, 701 20 
Indiana — $230.48. 
Northern District, Sunday School. 

Turkey Creek, 5 00 


Edward L. Nusbaum, $15; Howard M. 
Noe, $2.50; Mr. and Mrs. O. W. Stine, $5; 

A. M. Eby, $1 23 50 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Manchester, $90.17 ; Eel River, $9.10 99 27 

Sunday School. 

Burnetts Creek 10 08 

Manchester College Special Bible Term, 77 02 
Herman & Pearl Landrum, $12.11 ; Lottie 

E. Hummel, $1 13 11 

Southern District. 

Dora Mitchel, $1 ; An invalid sister, $1, 2 00 

Illinois — $223.10. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

West Branch, $31.17; Cherry Grove, 

$18.13, $ 49 30 

Sunday School. 

Batavia Home Department, 2 00 


L. J. Gerdes, $40; A Sister, $75; N. W. 

Miller, $6 ; M. L. Kimmel, 80c 121 80 

Southern District. 

Mrs. B. S. Kindig, 50 00 

Kansas — $146.00. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Washington, 4 00 

Aid Society. 

Rock Creek, 100 00 


Mr. & Mrs. J. F. Shoemaker 10 00 

Southwestern District. 

Clyde and Rosa Seitz, $25 ; Mr. and Mrs. I. 

C. Vaniman, $5 ; Wm. Johnson, $2, 32 00 

Virginia— $143.25. 

First District, Congregation. 

Cloverdale 24 uo 


T. S. Moherman 2 00 

Second District. 

Emma Southall, $1; G. B. Flory, Mar. 

Not., 50 cents, 1 50 

Northern District Congregations. 

Timberville, $57; Harrisonburg, $6; 

Pleasant View, $7.28; Unity, $31.22, 101 50 


E. P. Carper, $3.35; S. T. Glick, $3.40; 
Mrs. M. A. Burner, $2 ; Chas. A. Myers, $1, 9 75 
Eastern District. 

Sarah J. Hylton, $1 ; H. C. Reed and wife, 

$3.50 4 50 

Missouri— $110.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

W. T. Eckard, 5 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

An old brother, $100; A sister, $1, 101 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Earl Harvey, Dry Fork, $3; L. B. Ihrig, 

Mar. Nats., $1.50, 4 50 

Canada— $88.05. 

Western District, Sunday School. 

Battle Creek, 10 75 

Christian Workers. 

Bow Valley 27 30 


W. F. Hollenberg, 50 00 

Maryland— $56.50. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View, 40 50 

The Lord's Tenth, 10 00 


Elmer S. Rowland 1 00 

Eastern District, Sunday School. 

Frederick, 5 uo 

Ohio— $78.97. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Sugar Creek 23 00 


J. W. Smith, $4; John Hane, $2.90; C. 

W. Guthrie, Mar. Not., 50 cents 7 40 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

George H. Irvin, $9.90 ; Rachel Frick, $5 ; 

Anna Leeser, $1, . ... 15 93 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Marble Furnace, $6.25; Sidney Mission, 

$5.22, 11 47 


J. A. R. Couser, $20 ; Eli Niswonger, $1.20 21 20 


The Missionary Visitor 


California— $48.46. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Lindsay * 10 fD 

Individuals. _ „„ „ , «o . 7 ( >o 

Edna B. Bray, $5.20; Unknown, $2,.... 7-0 
Southern District, Congregation. 

Los Angeles '* " J 

Individual. -, - n 

J. P. Dickey x ou 

Colorado— $41.03. 
Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Denver J Uj 

Individual. ,, n ftn 

Chester L. Peterson, . • - u uu 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Mary Haney, A - uu 

North Dakota— $25.38. 

Berthold, $16; Salem, 8.08, 24 08 

Individual. ' 

Nelson P. Flower l 6K) 

Arkansas — $21.00. 

Individual. 01 __ 

A. J. Burris, Springdale, *.i w 

Texas— $15.50. 

Danl Bock, $15; D. Z. Ferguson. 50 

c«nts 1550 

Tennessee — $15.00. 

Individuals. M 

Mrs. T. A. Mooney, $2.50; M. A. Emmert. 
$1.50; Louisa Andes, Pleasant View, $1 ; A 

sister, $10 15 °° 

Iowa — $7.80. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Julia A. Sheller, . ." 2 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 
I. W. Brubaker, Mar. Not., 50 cents; M. 

W. Eikenberry, Mar. Not., 50 cents, 1 03 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Franklin, 4 80 

Oklahoma — $7.29. 

Washita 7 29 

West Virginia— $7.05. 
First District, Individuals. 
B. F. Wratchford, $5; R. E. Reed. 65 

cents 5 65 

Second District, Individual. 

J. F. Ross 1 40 

Arizona — $4.50. 

Anna Grafe 4 50 

Nebraska— $4.50. 

A. L. Kilmer, $3.50; Susana Smith. $1... 4 50 
Minnesota — $3.40. 

S. Peter Maust 3 40 

Michigan — $2.35. 
Christian Workers. 

Hart 1 35 


Edward Shroyer 1 00 

New jersey — $1.00. 

Eld. H. T. Home, 1 01 

Montana — $1.00. 
A. B. Vannoy, 1 00 

Total for the month $2,840 51 


Canada — $100.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

A brother 100 00 

Pennsylvania— $65.75. 
Western District, Individual. 

Wilbur J. Hofecker, 1 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Hollldaysburg 7 25 


A sister, Clover Creek, 2 50 

Eastern District, Individual. 

A brother, 5 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

A brother, $50 00 

Kansas — $52.60. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View, $34; Conway Springs, 

$18.60, 52 60 

Indiana — $9.24. 

Middle District, Sunday School. 

Peru, 8 24 

Southern District, Individual. 

Dora Mitchel, 1 00 

Texas — $5.00. 

F. G. Gross 5 03 

Colorado — $5.00. 

Southeastern District. Individuals. 

J. E. Weybright and family, 5 00 

Washington — $2.50. 

Stiverson • 2 50 

Oregon — $2.00. 

A. E. Trover and Wife 2 00 

Virginia— $1.00. 

Second District. Individual. 

Emma Southall, l 00 

Total for the month, $243 09 


Penn syl vania — $56.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Carlisle 16 00 


Bessie Rohrer °0 00 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Harrisburg 20 00 

Indiana — $37.45. 

Middle District. Classes. 

No. 7, Salamonie. $25; Primary, Loon 

Creek, $12.45 37 45 

Oklahoma— $20.00. 

Jennie M. Garber oo 00 

Kansas — $20.00. 

Northeastern District. Sundav School 

Summerfield, Richland Center *>0 00 

North Dakota — $20.00. • 

Christian Workers. 

Egeland o on 

Iowa— $20.00. u 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mary S. Newsom, Waterloo 20 00 

Total for the month $ 173 45 


Kansas — $56.79. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Salem, *?« n« 

Sundav School. W 

East Wichita -19 5n 

Southeastern District. Class. 

Loyal Workers, Parsons, « 9*5 

Pennsylvania — $26.25. 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Harrisburg, in on 

Individual. 10 °° 

Henry H. Reber, Maiden Creek 10 00 

Southern District. Class. 

Sunbeam, Carlisle, « 9* 

Iowa— $25.00. ° 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Walker 05 nn 

Maryland— $10.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Maugansville, Broadfording 10 00 

Illinois— $10.00. W 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. B. S. Kindig 10 m 

North Dakota— $9.00. i ' W 

Congregation, Berthold u m 

Indiana— $7.50. 

Northern District. 

Two Classes. Goshen Citv 7 >vi 

California— $6.25. W 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Laton, $ 6 25 

Total for the month, $ 159 79 


Kansas— $1500. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

East Wichita, 15 00 

Illinois— $5.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Batavia, 5 00 

Total for the month -. $ 20 CO 



Western District, Aid Society. 

Mt. Joy, Jacobs Creek, 25 00 

Individual. n _ 

Elizabeth M. Grosh 25 00 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Roaring Spring 5 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Hanover, 5 00 

Southeastern District, Aid Society. 

Green Tree 25 00 

Kansas — $65.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Morrill 25 00 


Sister Spare, deceased, 5 00 

Southwestern District. Aid Societies. 

Monitor. $25 ; East Wichita, $10, 35 00 

Ohio— $52.50. 

Northeastern District, Aid Societies. 

Wooster. $5 ; Canton. $5.50 10 50 

Southern District, Aid Societies. 

Oakland, $20; Trotwood, $12; Donnels 

Creek, $10, 42 00 

Michigan— $30 00. 
Aid Societies. 

Crystal $25 ; Sugar Ridge, $5 30 00 

Nebraska — $30.00. 

Ira & Edith Kindig 30 00 

Washington — $25.00. 
Aid 'Society. 

Seattle 25 CO 

Illinois— $20.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

C. J. Sell 1 00 

Southern District, A'd Societies. 

Girard, $12.50; Allison Prairie, $2, . . . . 14 50 

Mrs. B. S. Kindig 5 00 

North Dakota — $10.00. 
Aid Society. 

Surrey, 10 CO 

Indiana — $10.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Spring Creek, 10 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 
Southern District. 

Aid Society, Franklin, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 333 00 


Indiana— $50.00. 

Middle District. Aid Societies. 

Markle, $10; West Manchester. $15 2" 00 

Manchester Missionary Sewing Circle, . . 25 00 
Virginia— $17.50. 
Second District, Aid Society. 

'Sangerville 15 00 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Midland 2 50 

Pennsylvania — $15.00. 
Aid Society. 

First Philadelphia, 15 00 

Kansas — $10.00. 

Southwestern District. 

Brethren Mission Circle, Larned 10 00 

Illinois— $5.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Girard, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 97 50 


Nebraska— $55.00. 


Frank, Esther and Harrold Musselman. 
$50 ; M. R. Weaver, $5, $ 55 00 

Total for the month, $ 55 00 


Canada — $100.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

A brother, 100 00 

Pennsylvania' — $51.00. 
Southern District, Individuals. 

Rachel Zeigler, $1 ; A brother, $50, 51 00 

Kansas — $26.00. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Salem, 16 00 


Mr. and Mrs. I. C. Vaniman, 10 00 

Indiana— $12.94. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Hill 10 94 

Middle District, Individual. 

Lottie E. Hummel 1 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Dora Mitchel, 1 00 

Oregon — $9.50. 

Mr. and Mrs. Will Carl, 9 50 

Colorado— $5.00. 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

J. E. Weybright and family, 5 00 

Texas — $3.00. 

F. G. Gross, 3 00 

Virginia— $1.00. 

Second District, Individual. 

Emma Southall, 1 00 

Total for the month, $208 44 


Pennsylvania — $20.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Hanover, 20 00 

Indiana — $8.42. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Rossville, 8 42 

Total for the month, $ 28 42 


Illinois— $10.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
Mrs. B. S. Kindig, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 


Nebraska— $46.98. 

Sunday School. 

South Beatrice 46 98 

North Dakota— $10.00. 
Aid Society. 

Surrey. 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 56 98 


Idaho— $20.00. 

Aid Society. 

Boise Valley, 20 00 

Ohio— $11.25. 
Northeastern District. 

Young Ladies Bible Class, Springfield, 11 25 
Illinois — $5.00. 
Northern District, Aid Society. 

Batavia, 5 00 

Indiana, — $5.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

A brother, 5 00 

Total for the month ? 4125 


Indiana— $5.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 
Mae Borrows, 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois — $2.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 
C. J. Sell, $ 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 7 00 


Illinois— $17.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

G. J .Sell, 2 00 

Southern District. 

Men's Bible Class, Okaw, _J__ 

Total for the month, ? 17 00 


Illinois— $0.67. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 
Bethany-Chicago, °? 

Total for the month $ 07 


Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Eastern District. 

Willing Workers, Indian Creek, 5 00 

Texas — $2.00. 

F. G. Gross, - °° 

Total for the month, $ 7 00 


Maryland— $5.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Mrs. A. W. Ecker 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $2.75. 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Spring Creek, - '•> 

Virginia— $1.00. 

Second District, Individual. 

Emma Southall, 1 °° 

Total for the month, $ 8 75 


Pennsylvania— $2.00. 

Western District. Individual. 

Mrs. E. M. Walker, 2 00 

Total for the month $ 2 00 


North Dakota— $10.80. 

Congregation. • 

Salem 10 80 

Missouri — $1.50. 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Carthage, 1**0 

Total for the month, $ 12 30 


On Jan. 26, 1918, the Committee appointed at 
the Goshen Conference, namely, J. E. Miller, Galen 
B. Royer and C. W. Lahman. took up the work 
by accepting funds on hand and funds sent in. 
The Committee wishes to acknowledge the receipt 
of funds received for March as follows: 


Blanche E. Arbegast, San Fernando, $1 ; 

Waterford congregation, $28.15, $ 20 15 


A brother, Irricana, $200; Peter and 

Ida Brubaker, Medicine Hat, $10 210 00 


Polo congregation and Sunday-school, 
$43.73; Rock Creek Sunday-school, 

$3.78, 47 51 


A member Coon River congregation, . . 5 03 


Pleasant View congregation, Bethany, 13 00 


Beatrice Sundav-school 7 42 


Kate Riley, $5; Green Spring congre- 
gation, Aid Society, $20, 25 00 


Sarah J. Hylton, Monarat, 1 00 

Total $ 338 08 



E. J. Neher, Hollywood, $ 2 00 


Emma T. Whitcher, Glendale, $50; Glen- 
dale Sunday-school, $35 85 00 


Nancy D. Underbill, Pomona, 7 00 


Bow Valley Sunday-school, $13.20; A 

sister, Vicosa, $1, 14 20 


J. E. Weybright and family, Rocky 
Ford, $20; Grand Valley Sunday-school, 

$12.54, 32 54 


Omaja Christian Workers, 55 00 


Jennie Furman, by Carrie F. Patter- 
son, trustee 100 00 


H. B. Miller, Elgin, $5; Coal Creek con- 
gregation and Sunday-school, $42.80; 
Hickory Grove Sunday-school, $5.50; Mrs. 
B. S. Kindig, Onarga, $25; Maude Baker, 

Chicago, 94 cents 79 24 


Mrs. Ollie T. Cross, Blountville, $1; 
Dora Mitchel, Indianapolis, $2 ; Pipe 
Creek congregation, $6.15 ; Manchester 
Mission Sewing Circle, $25; A brother, 
Roanoke, $2.45; West Manchester Aid 
Society, $10; Howard M. Noe, Kimmel, 
$2.50; Mrs. Ollie F. Benjamin, Idaville, 
50 cents; Union Sunday-school, Ply- 
mouth, $11; A brother and sister, Gosh- 
en, $20, 80 60 


Panther Creek Sunday-school, $21; 
Kingsley congregation. $50.80; Curlew 

Sunday- school, $16.50, 88 30 


Larned Aid Society. $15; Victory Un- 
ion Sunday-school, $5; Peabody Sunday- 
school. $4; Paint Creek congregation, 
$12; Mr. and Mrs. I. C. Vaniman, Hardt- 
ner, $10; Olathe Sunday-school, $11.50; 
Overbrook congregation, $14; Belleville 
Sunday-school. $11 ; Primary Class of 

Protection congregation, $4.05, 86 55 


Broadfording Aid Society. $10; Lord's 
Tenth, Maugansville. $5; Mrs. A, W. 

Ecker, Woodsboro, $10 25 00 


Purl Bosserman and wife, Middle- 
ton, * 2 00 


Mrs. John Gerdes, Harris, 4 00 


A sister, Sweet Springs, $2 ; Brethren 
Sunday-school, St. Joseph, $2.50; Mary 
J. Mays, Jerico Springs, $5; North 
Bethel congregation, $30; M. S. Mohler, 

Leeton, $2, 41 50 


Ira and Edith Kindig, Holmesville, 
$27; Jacob Martin and family, Valen- 
tine, $25; Mrs. A. M. Musselman, Kear- 
ney. $5; Beatrice Sunday-school, $55.54, 112 54 
North Dakota. 

Surrey Aid Society. $5; Willow Grove 

Union Sunday-school, $7, 12 00 


Toms Run Sunday-school, $11.25; 
Toms Run Christian Workers, $13.25; 
Anna Leeser. $1; Marie Zel'ner, Perrys- 
ville. $1.01; Canton Centre congregation, 
$23.50; Ross Sunday-school, $5; Gertrude 

Flory, Timberville, $20, 75 01 

Oregon, , 

W. A. Lett, Bridge, 13 50 


Myerstown Sunday-school, Tulpehock- 
en congregation, $7.71 ; Bethany Mission, 
$10; Germantown congregation. $41.43; 
First Philadelphia Aid Society, $10; 
Sipesville Sunday-school, $16; Ridge 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sunday-school, Shade Creek congrega- 
tion, $4; Ridge Sunday-school, Shade 
Creek congregation special, $16.50 ; Pleas- 
ant Hill congregation, $30; Mt. Joy Sun- 
day-school, Jacob's Creek congregation, 
$30; Pike Sunday-school, $60; Brothers- 
valley congregation, $30.18; M. S. Rei- 
man and family, $5; Willing Workers 
Society, Indian Creek, $5; Chiques Sun- 
day-school, $7.94; Lansdale Sunday- 
school, $24.58; W. G. Schrock, Berlin, 
$5; Artemas Sunday-school, $6.66; E. M. 
Walker, Berlin, $25; Sisters' Aid, of 

Waynesboro, $10 $ 345 00 


Mrs. I. C. Klepper, Greenback, $2; 
Limestone Sunday-school, $11 13 00 

Daniel Bock, El Campo 10 00 


Emma Southall, Cartprsville, $1; W. 
H. S., Oakton, $5; J. S. W., Oakton, $10; 

Bridgewater Sunday-school, $55.41, 71 41 


Ethel Mudge, Laurel, $3; Mrs. Alice 

M. Murray, Omak, $1.40, 4 40 

West Virginia. 

Laura S. Brehman, Hanging Rock, ... 2 50 


J. M. Fruit, Viola, 20 00 

Turned over by General Mission Board, 193 15 

Total, $ 1,575 44 


In February report credit was given 
to the Mt. Zion congregation, $3, when 
it should be credited to S. M. Annon 
and wife and Naomi Gainer. 



Mrs. A. W. Ecker, Woodsboro, $5; 

Lord's Tenth, Maugansville, $5, 10 00 


Florence and Mary Guyer, Curryville, 
$5; A sister, Clover Creek, $2.50; A sis- 
ter, Somerset, $5, , 12 50 


Emma Southall, Cartersville, 1 00 

Total $ 23 50 


Mrs. John Gerdes, Harris, 1 00 

Mill Creek, $ 167 00 


Pomona Aid Society, $ 10 00 


Young Men's and Ladies' Class, Pine 
Creek Sunday-school, 3 75 

Total, $ 13 75 



Emma Southall, Cartersville, 1 00 


" I was harborless and ye harbored Me." — Matt. 
25: 35 (Wycliffe's Version). 

There were homes in pleasant Galilee 
For birds and beasts and men. 

The dove had its nest in the leafy tree, 
And the jackal had its den. 

And the ploughman hied him to his cot 
When his long day's work was o'er; 

The fisherman steered his laden boat 
At the break of day ashore. 

But there was One Who had not where 

He might lay His weary head; 
His chamber, it was the open air, 

And the hillside was His bed. 

Still o'er the earth the dear Son of God 

Passeth as He passed then, 
Seeking a welcome and an abode 

In the hearts of sinful men. 

O Jesus, Savior, pass not away! 

I open my heart to Thee, 
Lest Thou say to me on that dread day: 

" Thou wouldest not harbor Me." 

— David Smith, in The British Weekly. 


Ye merry hearts that meet to laugh 

And dance the hours away, 
Ye gentle hearts that better love 

In sheltered homes to pray, 
Think of the homes whose Christian guests 

Are only want and care — 
Think of the hearts too sad for mirth, 

Too sad, perchance, for prayer. 

Oh, sad and long the summer days, 

Oh, sad and dreary the night, 
When in the heart there is no hope, 

And in the house no light: 
No fire, no food, yet goodly gifts 

And words of Christian cheer, 
Can make the dark seem farther off 

Can make the Heavens more near. 

— Selected by an Invalid. 

There is startling irreverence of expres- 
sion even in the most "religious" nations of 
South America. One comes upon such signs 
as " Butcher Shop of the Holy Spirit," 
" Furniture Shop of the Savior." A bottled 
mineral water of Peru is named "Jesus 
Water." On Good Fridaj a magazine car- 
ried a picture representing Christ in the 
foreground, Judas and others in the back- 
ground smoking a certain brand of cigarette. 
Judas is saying: " If I had had such ciga- 
rettes to smoke, I would not have betrayed 

^> »t * » > " t ' 't « * t' ' I ' * t ' ' X * ' ? ' " t " " I * ^ ^^ ^»i$i »t< > $ " , l t ^* ^- 4* l l " t " f* 4* ^ - t * ^ "t 1 't 1 * ? * » > ->>*$n$>^ » > » t * * > i * > > |« * > ^ * » > > $ ►<$► »t « » t « * $ i > | i * | i ^ * fi > f i i fi ^t ^i ^« ^ n fi 




D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- 
visory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kans. 


OTITO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 



H. C. EARLY, President. J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary, and 

OTHO WINGER, Vice President. Editor of Missionary Visitor. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. E. II. EBY, Traveling Field Secretary. 




Friisgatan No. 2, Malmd, Sweden. 

Buckingham, Ida 
Graybill. J. F. 
Graybill, Alice M. 


Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China. 
Blough, Anna V. 
Crumpacker, F. H. 
Crumpacker, Anna M. 
Horning, Emma 
Oberholtzer, I. E. 
Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 
Rider, Bessie M. 
Vaniman, Ernest D. 
Vaniman, Susie C. 
Warn pier, Dr. Fred J. 
Wampler, Rebecca C. 

Fiao Chou, Shansi, China. 
Brubaker, Dr. O. G. 
Brubaker, Cora M. 
Flory, Raymond C. 
Flory, Lizzie N. 
Sender. Nettie M. 
Shock, Laura M. 

North China Language School, Peking, 

Clapper. V. Grace 
Flory. Edna R. 
Flory, Nora 
Flory, Byron M. 
Heisey, Walter J. 
Heisey. Sue R. 
Pollock. Myrtle 
Schaeffer, Mary 
Seese, Anna 
Seese, Norman R. 

On Furlough. 

Bright, J. Homer, care General Mission 

Board, Elprin. 111. 
Bright, Minnie, care General Mission 

Board. Elcrin. 111. 
Cripe. Winnie, Walkerton, Ind. 
Hutchison. Anna M.. rare General Mission 

Board, Flepn. 111. 
Metzger. Minerva, Rossville, Ind. 


Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Billimora, India. 

Blough. J. M. 
Blough. Anna Z. 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India. 

Grisso, Lillian 
Mow, Anetta 
Stover, W. B. 
Stover. Mary E. 
Widdowson. Olive 
Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India. 

Cottrell, Dr. A. R. 
fottrell. Dr. Laura M. 
Mohler, Jennie 
Miller. Eliza B. 
Pittenger, J. M. 
Pittenger. Florence B. 
Ross, A. W. 
Ross, Flora N. 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India. 

Alley, Howard L. 
Alley. Hattie Z. 
Ebbert. Ella 
Eby. Anna M. 
Lichty, Daniel J. 
Lichty, Nora A. 
Nickey. Dr. Barbara M. 
Royer. P.. Marv 

JaTalnor, Surat Dist., India. 

Fmmert, Jesse B. 
Emmert, Gertrude R. 
IIofTert, A. T. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India. 

Garner, H. P. 
darner, Kathryn B. 
Kay lor, John I. 
ell. Josephine 

Post: I'nialla, via Anklesvar, India. 

Arnold. S. Ira 

A mold. Elizabeth 

Ilininielsbaugh, Ida 

Vyara, via Surat, India. 

Long. I. S. 
Long, Effie V. 
Miller, Sadie J. 

On Furlough. 

Ebey. Adam, North Manchester, Ind. 

Al'ce K.. North Manchester, Ind. 
Ilolsopple. Q. A., 3435 Van Buren St., Chl- 

cngo. 111. 
Holsopple. Kathren R„ 3435 Van Buren 

St.. Chicago. 111. 
Shumaker. Ida C, Meyersdale, Pa. 

Please notice- 
Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
3c for each additional ounce or fraction. At this time place the following on all letters 
to India: "Please send via Pacific." 

****** "*i* *** *♦***■**£* ***"•** * 

♦J~**M~fr**M M 3***l M fr«5"?H 

* V V '** '♦' V V TV 

iiiiijiim^^^ ii mil ii iiimi iiiii iiiiiiiiiiiii mi in iiiimiiiiiimn 

A Dozen of the Reasons 

Why You Should Take 
Advantage of 

Our Annuity Plan 

1. Your Investment is secure. There is no need of worry for its safety. 

2. There is no trouble in collections — not even the necessity of your 

notifying us when the amount is due. 

3. No loss of time in the investment. From the date of your giving 

us the money till the date of your death the investment draws 
interest for you. 

4. No depreciation in investment. You can reckon your income for 

years ahead. 

5. The income is sure. It is all " bird in the hand." No " bush " 

business about it. 

6. You are bothered with no tax on the principal. The income is net 

to you. 

7. You are your own executor. No lawyer's fees. No broken friend- 

ships. You do it all yourself and place the money now where 
you want it to be. 

8. Your investment is free from speculation. The Board's entire 

assets of more than $1,000,000.00 are behind your gift. 

9. You can in this way provide a life income for dependent relatives 

or friends. The principal will earn for them the same as you. 

10. In years of plenty you can provide for your old age. No " Blue 

sky " about it, simply business principles conservatively applied. 

11. It is a simple way to make a gift. No medical examination, no 

legal fees, no publicity. As " near the way you want it as we 
can make it." 

12. The investment assists in spreading the Gospel unto the " uttermost 

parts." You provide yourself an income and assist in carrying 
out the Great Commission. 

You can relieve yourself of the worry, trouble and concern of mak- 
ing wise investments if you consider our Annuity Plan and invest your 
money with us. 

Why not ask for information? A post card inquiry to us will bring it. 


NOTICE TO READER: When you finish reading this magazine place a 1-cent stamp on this notice, hand same to any 
postal employee, and it will be placed in the hands of our soldiers or sailors at the front. No wrapping — no ad- 
dress. A. S. Burleson, Postmaster General. 

Vol. XX 



JCteumanj V^tior 


The love feast was held December 31, 1917. This group was taken next morning 

after the precious feast 

Annual Report for 1917 




The Missionary Visitor 



Contents for June, 1918 


Our Force of Missionaries, 3 

Our Missions and the World War, 4 

Financial, 6 

♦£ Missionary Children, 10 

4- Missionary Education, 11 

% United Student Volunteers, 13 

4> A Forward Movement, 14 


y Reports from Our Fields: 

* Denmark 16 

Sweden, 16 

$ India, '..18 

% v Editor's Remarks (18), Vyara (19),.Vali (23), Poona (31). Bul- 

f sar (40), Anklesvar (49), Ahwa (53). 



w ♦*+ 

X The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the X 

X General Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the dollar ^ 

♦+♦ or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Dif- ^ 

♦♦♦ ferent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra sub- ♦$» 

♦> scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be A 

<-» interested in reading the Visitor. «g» 
Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms . do not include a subscrip- 
tion for every dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of one dollar or 

*** more, no matter how large the donation. *$* 

♦♦♦ s Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 

♦♦♦ Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 

♦*♦ be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. ♦$, 

<* Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. Sub- 

*|* scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

*£ To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. £ 

When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper J, 

X each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. £ 

X Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to ♦> 

♦*♦ *** 


* t 

♦*♦ Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin. Illinois *♦* 

Jr -if* 

I ___ f 




* China, 59 f 

Liao Chou (59), Ping Ting Hsien. (02). f 

Financial, the Various Funds, 68 X 

Gish Publishing Fund, . . 68 *♦* 

ESSAYS,— . $ 

China Notes for March, Bv Laura Shock, .... 9=5 *:* 


Weekly Prayer Hour, 96 T 

The Thirty-third Annual Report 

IlllllllllllllliillllllllllllllUli of the llllllllllllllllllllllllllllilllllilllllllllll 

General Mission Board 

of the Church of the Brethren, for (he Year Ending February 28, ' 1 8 

NilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllW lillllllllllillllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll 


General Mission Board 

of the 

Church of the Brethren 

D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, Illinois 

Life Advisory Member 

Chas. D. Bonsack, New Windsor, Maryland 

Term expires 1922 

J, J. Yoder, McPherson, Kansas 

Term expires 1921 

H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia 

Term expires 1920 

A. P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa 

Term expires 1919 

Otho Winger, North Manchester, Indiana 

Term expires 1918 


President, H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia 

Vice-President, Otho Winger, 

North Manchester, Indiana 

Sec.-Treas., Galen B. Royer, Elgin, Illinois 

Asst. Sec., J. H. B. Williams, Elgin, Illinois 

Office of the Board, Elgin, 111. Time of Annual 
Meeting, third Wednesday in August. Other regular 
meetings, third Wednesday of April and December. 

To insure prompt attention all correspondence rela- 
tive to mission work, or any activities of the Board, 
that is intended for the Board should be addressed 
to General Mission Board, Elgin, 111., and to no 

Annual Report 
Our Force of Missionaries 

Below may be found a list of the missionaries who are at present serving under 
direction of the General Mission Board, with present addresses, and date of entering 


Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden. 

Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Graybill, J. F., . .' 1911 

Graybill, Alice M., 1911 


Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China. 

Blough, Anna V., 

Crumpacker, F. H 

Crumpacker, Anna N., 

Horning, Emma, 

Oberholtzer, I. E. 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W., 


Rider, Bessie M.', 1916 

Vaniman, Ernest D:, 1913 

Vaniman, Susie C., 1913 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 

Wampler, Rebecca C., 1913 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China. 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., 1913 

Brubaker, Cora M., 1913 

Flory, Raymond C., 1914 

Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 

Senger, Nettie M., 1916 

Shock, Laura M., 1916 

North China Language School, Peking, 

Clapper, V. Grace, 1917 

Flory, Edna R., 1917 

Flory, Nora, 1917 

Flory, Byron M., 1917 

Heisey, Walter J., 1917 

Heisey, Sue R., 1917 

Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 

Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 

Seese, Anna, 1917 

Seese, Norman R., 1917 

On Furlough. 

Care of General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

Bright, J. Homer 191 1 

Bright, Minnie, 1911 

Hutchison, Anna M., 1911 

Walkerton, Ind. 

Cripe, Winnie E., 1911 

Rossville, Ind. 

Metzger, Minerva, 1910 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India. 

Blough, J. M., 
Blough, Anna Z., 
Pittenger, J. M., . . . , 
Pittenger, Florence B. 





Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India. 

Grisso, Lillian, 1917 

Mow, Anetta C, 1917 

Stover, W. B., 1894 

Stover, Mary E., 1894 

Widdowson, S. Olive, 1912 

Ziegler, Kathryn, .1908 

Bulsar, Surat District, India. 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond 1913 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 

Mohler, Jennie, 1917 

Miller, Eliza B, 1900 

Ross, A. W., 1904 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., 1904 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India. 

Alley, Howard L., 1917 

Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 

Ebbert, Ella, 1917 

Eby, Anna M., 1912 

Lichty, Daniel J., 1902 

Lichty, Nora A 1902 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 1915 

Royer, B. Mary, 1913 

Swartz, Goldie 1916 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India. 

Emmert, Jesse B., 

Emmert, Gertrude R 

Hoffert, A. T., 


Vada, Thana Dist., India. 

Garner, H. P., : 1916 

Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 

Kaylor, John I., 1911 

Powell, Josephine, 1906 

Post: Umalla, via Anklesvar, India. 

Arnold, S. Ira, 1913 

Arnold, Elizabeth, 1913 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 1908 

Vyara, via Surat, India. 

Long, I. S., 

Long, Erne V 

Miller, Sadie J., 



On Furlough. 

North Manchester, Ind. 

Ebey, Adam 

Ebey, Alice K., 

Elgin, 111. 

Holsopple, Q. A., 1911 

Holsopple, Kathren R., 1911 

Meyersdale, Pa. 

Shumaker, Ida C, .,.,,,„„„„„ 19JQ 

4 Annual Report 

Our Thirty-third Annual Report 


With this report we round out the first third of a century, in each year of which 
a report of missionary progress has been made to our brethren and sisters by our 
Board. But missionary effort was started longer ago than that; indeed, the time will 
not be long until we can .begin to plan for the fiftieth anniversary of the establishment 
of a mission in Denmark. 

As our minds sweep back over the period of our active efforts, as we note the 
progress that has been made, the number of missionaries sent to the field, the de- 
velopment of missionary sentiment in the rank and file of the church, the large in- 
crease of our annual contributions to missions, we can not but " thank God and take 
courage." With that tenacity to duty which characterizes the Church of the Brethren, 
once it became apparent to her membership that tlve Lord meant us when He delivered 
His World-wide Commission of going into the Regions Beyond, the church became 
busy and has remained until the present moment at the task. It is apparent that only 
now, as an entire membership, are we becoming engaged in this .greatest of all cam- 
paigns — the winning of the world for Jesus Christ. 

No one is better qualified to mark the contrast between the present situation and 
that of 1884 than Eld. D. L. Miller, who wrote of this matter in a recent issue of the 
Gospel Messenger. We quote from his article: 

" In 1884, when the Secretary-Treasurer made the first statement to the Board of 
the money then in the treasury, he reported $8.69 ready for use in missionary enterprises. 
Contrast this small sum with over $40,000 in the offering made for missions at the 
Wichita Conference, last June, and also with the receipts for mission and relief work 
for the year just closed. For missions $190,480.21 was given, and for relief work among 
the Armenians and Belgians, $26,420.75— the total reaching the large sum of $216,900.96. 

11 Twenty-four years ago Bro. Wilbur Stover and his good wife, Mary, were sent 
to India and are still there. They, with Sifter Bertha Ryan, were the first missionaries 
sent by our church to a heathen land. ... Today in India, China and Scandinavia 
we have, including those at home on furlough, eighty missionaries, and at the April 
Board meeting ten more were approved, and will be presented at the Conference in 
June for confirmation, and if approved, we shall soon have ninety missionaries in the 


As the war progresses we know that our brethren and sisters are not only con- 
cerned for its outcome, but that many prayers are ascending in behalf of our workers, 
who are far from home, in the conflict against ignorance, superstition and idolatry. 
The year has not dealt severely with our missions. Fortunate beyond compare has 
been our lot when weighed in the balances with much of the effort put forth in years 
of self-sacrificing toil b}' many other missionary societies. 

In the early stages of the war, exchange rates were not severe on money in either 
India or China; it has been abnormally high in Scandinavia from the outset. However, 
the rate in China soon began rising, until at present it requires practically one dollar 
and fifty cents to buy the same amount of Chinese money that one dollar would pur- 
chase three years ago. This has necessitated extra appropriations of several thousand 
dollars for the work in China for the past year. Nor does the rate give of 
improving. Indeed, some predict that it will go still higher. 

India has been more favored in the rates of exchange. As the year closes, how- 
ever, there are signs of rates becoming more unfavorable for our missions. Scandi- 
navia has experienced much difficulty in this respect. All funds must be cabled to our 
brethren there to insure safe payment, 

Annual Report 5 

In addition to these abnormal conditions, things that our missionaries eat, wear, 
or use in their work have risen greatly in price. The missionaries have been keenly 
alert to this condition and have suggested the curtailment of all building operations 
unless the same are imperative. Considerable money, appropriated by the Board for 
buildings, is unused, the workers waiting for prices to become more reasonable. 

The third inconvenience which we have suffered from the war has been the dif- 
ficulties of travel. Our missionaries sailing for India must go by way of the Pacific, 
and as the year closes many of the boats on the Pacific lines are being taken by the 
governments for service elsewhere. It becomes increasingly difficult to secure trans- 
portation. Our party of missionaries sailing from Seattle in December did not reach 
India until the first week of April. Many long and vexatious delays were forced upon 
them. Securing passports for India is not an easy matter, at the present time. Be- 
fore passports can be gotten, permission must be obtained from the government of 
India to land in the country. This requires months, and a long period of uncertainty. 
If the missionary be a brother whose age falls within the draft' limits, he must also 
get exemption from military service before he can secure a passport. And the draft 
laws become more rigorous as the war increases in severity. 

However, in the great world crisis through which we are passing, we can con- 
sider the above difficulties only in the light of inconveniences. Our sister peoples 
across the seas have suffered so much of sorrow and heartache that we dare use no 
strong terms to convey the impression of the interruptions that our work has had. 
Our prayer at this time must be that our mission work may be kept intact, our work- 
ers safe, and that right may overcome might. We are endeavoring to go as far as we 
can towards getting new workers to the fields. Further than this we must trust the 
Lord to open the way. 


All of the missionaries appointed at the Wichita Conference have reached their 
fields of labor. The ten new workers for China sailed from this country in August 
and went immediately to the North China Language School, where they have been 
engaged in study. When the present school term is ended they will go interior to their 
assignments at the stations. It has been found advisable to have all of our China 
missionaries spend their first year in this splendid language school at Peking. 

The new workers for India, five in number, sailed for their field in December, 
but as mentioned elsewhere did not reach India until April. They will of course take 
up language study at once, though we have not been informed as to whether they 
will attend a language school. The language school usually attended by our India mis- 
sionaries is located at Poona. 

Sisters Winnie Cripe and Minerva Metzger, from China, and Sister Ida Shumaker, 
from India, reached America on furlough before the time of the Wichita Conference. 
In June Bro. Quincy A. Holsopple, from India, joined his wife and baby on furlough. 
Because of ill heafth Bro. A. F. Wine and family returned from Denmark in the early 
autumn. Other furloughs of some in India are falling due this spring. Because of the 
shortage of workers and the difficulties of travel it is not likely that all whose time is due 
will return. 

Returning to the field were Brother and Sister F. H. Crumpacker to China and 
Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh to India. All went out with their parties of new workers. 

With a few exceptions our brethren and sisters on the field enjoyed at least rea- 
sonable health for the year. Dr. O. G. Brubaker, whose operation for appendicitis 
was recorded in last year's report, recovered very nicely and is again at his regular 
duties. Sister Minnie Bright and Master Calvin, her son, were not in the best of 
health through last summer, but recovered somewhat as the winter passed. 

We are compelled to record the death of Sister Rosa Kaylor, wife of Bro. John 
I. Kaylor, of India. These workers were located at the Vada Station, but at the time 
of her death she was at Bulsar under the care of our very capable doctors, A. Raymond 

6 Annual Report 

and Laura M. Cottrell. Her life had been fruitful of much good; she gave her all freely 
for the peoples of her adopted land and went on in triumphant faith to live with Jesus. 
We regret also to say that the health of Bro. J. M. Pittenger has not been as it 
should be. He has spent a good share of the year at Bulsar, where he could be 
treated, and be under the observation of the doctors. Bro. Pittenger's ambition is to 
carry the Gospel to these people for years to come, and in this long period of weakness 
he has been most patient. He and his faithful companion with their family merit the 
continued prayers of our church. In these trying times it is well to remember daily 
those who labor across the seas. May we hold up their hands in our daily devotions! 


It is not a difficult matter to discuss our finances when we have a healthy balance 
on the right side of the ledger, and this time it is our happy lot to, report such a con- 
dition. Last year a deficit was recorded, which amounted to $1,772.83; but this year, 
with our country at war, greatly increased living expenses, and the uncertainty which 
naturally attends such times, and notwithstanding we sent out fifteen new missionaries 
(which always requires much money), and that we sent several thousand dollars to 
the field to make up the loss caused by rising rates of exchange, we have been able to 
close our year with a surplus in the World-wide Mission fund amounting to $4,683.66. 
We could not have done this had not onr loyal brethren and sisters, feeling their in- 
creased obligations, given more liberally than ever before. Last year our financial 
report said that $43,558.33 was given to world-wide missions; this year the same ac- 
count shows gifts totaling $69,643.92, an increase of over $26,000. Can you not see the 
guiding hand of the Spirit in prompting such a remarkable increase in our mission 

We give herewith a table that will tell you how liberal we have been during the 
year and how our gifts compare with the preceding year. This statement is made from 
the approved auditors' report and has to do only with actual receipts and expenditures: 


IU/I8M18 1 




































,163 1 
















VI 3. 



66 v 





' V ,' 2 











. •( 


i. .'• 














1 ' 









...A r>... 

HU.Q9 , 8 W 


Annual Report 

A Brief Statement of New Funds Available for Mission Work and 
Comparison with Last Year 


Donations to Board Funds reported in Visitor, etc., $ 60,680 28 

Special — Churchhouse and relief funds, 2,770 78 

Special supports, transmissions, native workers, 

schools, hospitals, etc., 26,234 41 

Income endowment, earnings, bank account, Pub- 
lishing House, miss, education, bequests, etc., 55,123 45 


$ 91,075 28 

26,420 75 


$30,395 00 

23,649 97 

30,701 95 4,467 54 

68,702 98 13,579 53 

Total receipts for work, $144,808 92 $216,900 96 $72,092 04 

Endowment received, all funds, 60,781 50 75,298 00 14,516 50 


World-wide, annuities, publications, District work, 

general expense, etc., $ 51,094 14 $ 62,630 12 $11,535 98 

India, 64,043 30 65,388 42 1,345 .12 

China, 29,921 26 39,072 07 9,150 81 

Denmark and Sweden, 7,199 52 10,853 07 3,653 55 

Special— Churchhouse and relief funds, etc., 3,304 77 26,490 68 23,185 91 

Total expended for work, $155,562 99 $204,434 36 

,871 37 

The story above of course is " very dry " compared with what might be said in a 
history of many of these gifts. But figures are a delight when they show an increase 
over other years. Conditions have changed in the last three decades — even in our 
missionary offerings. The table that we give herewith will tell you how we have in- 
creased in our gifts. 

Sometimes there is a disposition on the part of some to justify withholding God's 
portion because so much of every dollar given to missions is used up in administra- 
tion expenses at home. If your gift of one dollar was among the large number spent 
last year, you can see from the following diagram just in what way it was spent. 
Approximately four and one-half cents of each dollar was used in administration ex- 
pense. By this we mean salaries of the office force, traveling secretaries, Board's 
traveling expenses, caring for our endowment fund of more than $1,000,000, and super- 
vising our work in general. Study the following diagram and thus get a very correct 
idea of what becomes of our money. 

|M* How a Dollar of Our Mission Money was Spentin 1917-18 

Jndta^ Chin? Annuities^ Tublieation? ^Denmark Admini- district ^Endowment 
ana Sweden station. Work Expenses,etc, 

Many individual instances might be given of splendid liberality. We appreciate 
them all, and the encouragement which our self-sacrificing brethren and sisters lend 
us makes the task of caring for this great work a joy and blessing. 

8 Annual Report 

Strange as it may seem, although gifts to missions have increased wonderfully over 
a few years ago, we do not hear nearly so much talk about our reaching the limit of our 
giving. The more we gave the more it used to hurt, possibly, and now we are passing 
the " critical " point in the case and are giving until it does not hurt. It is well for 
us to remember the Lord in our earnings an'd^ profits. The limit is with Him. Our 
duty is clearly to give all that we can, surely not below the standard of the Jews, but 
in a way that signifies our willingness to accept the grace of God and His gift of 
eternal life on a basis that is fair to Him. x 

There are surprises in a mission office all along the financial way. Some of those 
churches that we think are least able, give most liberally; some of those most able 
are not so careful in this regard. More and more as we come to understand why 
these conditions exist we must accept the statement often made that as the officials 
give, so does the laity. The responsibility of success or failure of increasing gifts in 
a church does not lie altogether at the door of the elder or pastor. He of course 
occupies a very important place in the program, but his official body must set the 
example of liberality before he can be expected to wield the influence with the laity 
that he desires. 

Not the least of the responsibilities of the Board is caring for the large endowment 
funds that increase so much with each year. This year we passed the million mark in 
these funds. More than one million dollars is invested in first mortgages on farm lands. 
Interest has been paid promptly. Not one dollar of the principal has been lost during 
the year. All the funds that we have are loaned so that they net us six per cent. 

Annually our number of annuitants grows larger. The following statement shows 
the amounts paid in annuity during the years since this department of our work was 

Amounts Paid in Annuities, by Years 

1898 $ 1,501 76 1909 15,813 66 

1899 4,08149 1910 15,802 93 

1900 4,889 61 1911 17,513 69 

1901 5,536 77 1912 19,255 82 

1902 7,11192 1913 21,320 15 

1903 ... 8,097 74 1914 23,62171 

1904 10,204 24 1915 26,888 63 

1905 11,560 26 1916 32,034 61 

1906 12,871 08 1917 /. . 32,554 18 

1907 13,248 00 1918 35,597 45 

1908 15,073 63 

$334,579 33 


For the first time, at least in many years, we are able to report that every mis- 
sionary now actively engaged in service on the field is definitely assigned for support 
to some individuals or organization in the homeland. A number of other organiza- 
tions have expressed a desire to support a missionary. 

A most commendable step was taken at the April (1917) District Meeting of 
Eastern Pennsylvania, when that District Meeting unanimously accepted the following 
recommendation: "We further recommend that instead of more missionary support 
by the Sunday-schools, all churches having a membership of three hundred or more 
(that are not now supporting a missionary on the foreign field) be urged to .do so. 
Churches with a membership of less than three hundred, that feel competent to sup- 
port a missionary, should prayerfully consider the needs of the field, and act accord- 
ingly." We commend the District for this wonderful step and recommend the same 
to the consideration of the entire Brotherhood. 

Large numbers of individuals, Sunday-schools, Christian Workers' Societies and 
other organizations are supporting native workers, native schools, boarding-school 
pupils, missionary children, furnishing hospital rooms, and any other definite work 
which can be assigned to them. The Sisters' Aid Societies of the church, in addition 

Annual Report 9 

to furnishing the $10,000 needed for the Mary Quinter Memorial Hospital at Bulsar, 
India, decided that they would give $3,000 for the equipment of the same, and a con- 
siderable amount of this is in our hands. 

Not only is the money appreciated, but there is the conscious knowledge that 
with increasing gifts are increasing petitions to the Father — yes, and more sincere 
withal. God's whole scheme of missionary enterprise is bound together with prayer. 
The cooperation on the part of the home church which renders the efforts of our 
missionaries effective is that which is given in much consecration and fervent prayer. 

The following is a list of those whose names were on our lists Feb. 28, 1918, as 
supporting workers: 

Individual Sunday-schools 

Altoona, Pa., Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, India. 

Bridgewater, Va., Bro. Norman R. Seese, China. ^ 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Sister Emma Horning, China. 
Cerro Gordo, 111., Dr. A. Raymond Cottrell, India. 

Dallas Center, Iowa, partial support, Sister Anna Hutchison, China. 
•English River, North and South, Iowa, Sister Nettie M. Senger, China. 
Locust, Ind., Sister Sue R. Heisey, China. 
Manchester College, Ind., Sister Laura M. Shock, China. 
Mt. Morris, 111., Sister Sadie J. Miller, India. 
North Manchester, Ind., Sister Alice K. Ebey, India. 
Pleasant Valley, Va., Sister Edna Flory, China. 
Virden and Girard, 111., Dr. Laura M. Cottrell, India. 
Walnut, Ind., Brother A. T. Hoffert, India. 

Individual Congregations 

Antietam, Pa., Sisters Nora Lichty, India, and Lizzie N. Flory, China. 
Bear Creek, Ohio, Sister Anna M. Eby, India. 
Bethel, Nebr., Bro. R. C. Flory, China. 

Bethlehem, Brick and Antioch, Va., Bro. I. E. Oberholtzer, China. 
Chiques, Pa., Sister Alice M. Graybill, Sweden. 
Coon River, Iowa, Sister Elizabeth M. Arnold, India. 

Elizabethtown Pa., Sister Bessie Rider, China. / 

Knob Creek, Tenn., Sister Anna B. Seese, China. 
Huntingdon congregation and College, Bro. J. M. Blough, India. 
Lordsburg congregation and Sunday-school, Cal., Brother and Sister Ernest Vani- 
man, China. 

Mexico, Ind., Sister Lillian Grisso, India. 

Midway, Pa., Bro. J. F. Graybill, Sweden. 

Oakley congregation and Sunday-school, 111., Sister Ida Buckingham, Sweden. 

Painter Creek, Ohio, Dr. O. G. Brubaker, China. 

Pine Creek, Ind., Sister Winnie Cripe, China. 

Pipe Creek, Md., Bro. W. B. Stover, India. 

Peach Blossom, Md., Sister Anna M. Hutchison, China (two-thirds support). 

Salem, Ohio, Sister Minnie Bright, China. 

Shade Creek, Rummel and Scalp Level, Pa., Sister Annar Z. Blough, India. 

Tulpehocken, Pa., Sister B. Mary Royer, India. 

Trotwood, Ohio, Sister I. E. Oberholtzer, China. 

Woodbury, Pa., Sister J. M. Pittenger, India. 

Sunday-schools by Districts 

California, Southern and Arizona, Sister Gertrude Emmert, India. 
Illinois, Northern and Wisconsin, Sister Kathryn B. Garner, India. 
Illinois, Southern, Sister Eliza B. Miller, India. 

10 Annual Report 

Indiana, Northern, Sister Mary Stover, India, ■ Minerva Metzger and Mary 
Schaeffer, China. 

Indiana, Southern, Bro. W. J. Heisey. 

Iowa, Northern, Minnesota and South Dakota, Sister Anna V. Blough, China. 

Iowa, Middle, Bro. S. Ira Arnold, India. 

Kansas, Northwestern and Northeastern Colorado, Bro. H. L. Alley, India. 

Kansas, Northeastern, Sister Ella Ebbert, India. 

Maryland, Middle/Bro. H. P. Garner, India. 

"Ohio, Northwestern, Sister H. L. Alley, India. 

Ohio, Northeastern, Sister Goldie Swartz, India. 

Ohio, Southern, Brethren J. M. Pittenger, India, and J. Homer Bright, China. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India. 

Pennsylvania Middle, Bro. Jesse B. Emmert, India. 

Pennsylvania, Western, Sister Ida C. Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, India, and 
V. Grace Clapper, China. 

Virginia, Northern, Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China. 

Virginia, First and Southern, Sister Rebecca C. Wampler, China. . 

Congregations by Districts 

Kansas, Southwestern, and Southern Colorado, Brother and Sister F. H. Crum- 
packer, China. 

Missouri, Middle, Sister Jennie Mohler, India. 

Nebraska, Sister Josephine Powell, India. , 

Virginia, Second and Northern, Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India. 

Other Organizations 
Botetourt Memorial Missionary Circle, Va.,- Brother and Sister A. W. Ross and 
family, India. 

Idaho and Montana Christian Workers* Sister Anetta Mow, India. 
Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, 111., Bro. D. J. Lichty, India. 

Brother and Sister Isaiah Brenaman, La Verne, Cal., Bro. J. I, Kaylor, India. 
Brother and Sister C. H. Erb, Iowa, Sister Cora M. Brubaker, China. 
Nickey and Buckingham families, Dr. Barbara M. Nickey, India. 


Nor must we overlook the children of our missionaries, " unconscious inheritors 
of the burdens and privations of their parents." They bring sunshine to the mission- 
ary home; their playmates are of the native peoples; their advantages are not so many 
as favor the girls and boys of our own homes. The great church which has sent 
their parents to the field, with many tears and prayers and assurances of cooperation, 
is also desirous that, in so far as it is possible, these little ones may have every advantage 
necessary for health and proper development. As time goes on, schools must be pro- 
vided. Some are being provided now. They must be given a chance to learn and grow 
normally. Some of the most devoted men that* ever graced the pages of missionary 
history or trod the paths of a heathen country on Christian errand were or are the 
children of missionary parents. We know that three of the older children of mis- 
sionaries now in our service have no other thought than that they shall some day be 
missionaries. Others are looking in the same direction. Do not forget to include the 
children o*f our missionaries in your prayers. 

A splendid outlet for your missionary devotion is to supply the support for these 
children.' A few are already doing this, but many more could be assigned. This 
would make a good work for the children of our Sunday-schools. The following are 
supported by the organizations mentioned. We should be glad to correspond with any 
others who desire to do the same kind of work;: 

Annual Report 11 

Supporting Missionary Children 
Charles Fifer and family, Rehobeth, Md., Albert Long, India. 
Goshen City Sunday-school, Ind., Magdalene Long, India. 

Mechanicsburg, Christian Workers and Willing Workers, Pa., Mary Elizabeth 
Emmert, India. 

Okaw Sisters' Aid Society, 111., Daniel W. Stover, India. 
Pine Creek Sunday-school, Ind., Calvin Bright, China. 
Sugar Grove Sunday-school, Ohio, Leland Brubaker, China. 


The plan which is given herewith is the fruit of the St. Joseph Conference of 
1911. While we have presented this in our report each year since that time, so that 
it has had splendid chance to be familiar to all, still it is proper that we should give 
it again, since it is the basis upon which our educational work of the past seven years 
has been laid: 

The Plan 
" With a view of securing unity, cooperation and the fullest efficiency of each con- 
gregation, whereby the church shall be enabled to fulfill its mission to the world, the 
General Conference of 1911 adopted the following plan for all the, congregations of 
the Brotherhood: 

"I. That a committee of three or more, who are actively interested in missions, 
preferably representatives of the several organizations of the congregation, be ap- 
pointed by the church in council, whose duty shall be to cooperate with the bishop 
or pastor in developing the home and foreign missionary interest — 

" 1. By the use of literature, missionary meetings, mission study and otherwise. 
" 2. To have some system of giving by every one, along scriptural lines of cheer- 
ful, proportionate and weekly giving, and to solicit personally to this end. 

" 3. To promote personal service and devotion in the life of the individual. 
" II. That District Mission Boards appoint a District Secretary to be approved by 
the District Meeting, whose duty shall be to assist congregations to organize, adapt and 
make operative the plan outlined herein. That the secretary report annually to the 
District Meeting and to the General Mission Board. 

" III. It shall be the duty of the General Mission Board to assist in every way in 
making effective this work, through correspondence, traveling secretaries, tracts and 

Results of the Plan 
This- plan has been adopted in many congregations of the Brotherhood. Where 
proper consideration was given to the appointment of the committees, and live work- 
ers were chosen, splendid results have been obtained. Much more literature of a 
missionary flavor has been circulated in the last few years, missionary books are being 
purchased for Sunday-school libraries, and many missionary programs rendered. Many 
churches have adopted systematic giving. 

Most of the Districts have appointed missionary secretaries, and these have done 
splendid work where' opportunity was afforded them. However, some Districts choose 
these workers and then provide them neither with traveling expenses nor stationery. 
Consequently many of the blessings that have been possible for Districts through such 
ministration have been denied them. 

The following. is a list of missionary secretaries, in so far as we have them on our 
records at the present time: 

Arkansas, First District and Southeastern Missouri. 
California, Northern, D. L. Forney, Chico, Cal. 

California, Southern, and Arizona, J. W. Cline, 1823 11th Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. 
Colorado, Western, and Utah, Frank Weaver, Grand Junction, Colo. 

12 Annual Report 

Idaho and Western Montana, S. S. Neher, Twin Falls, Idaho. 

Illinois, Northern and Wisconsin, S. C. Miller, Elgin, 111. 

Illinois, Southern, S. G. Bucher, Astoria, 111. 

Indiana, Middle, Irvin Fisher, Mexico, Ind. 

Indiana, Northern, R. O. Roose, 504 N. Main St., South Bend, Ind. 

Indiana, Southern, A. S. Cross, Muncie, Ind., R. 6. 

Iowa, Middle, J. Q. Goughnour, Ankeny, Iowa. 

Iowa, Northern, Minnesota and South Dakota, J. F. Souders, Preston, Minn. 

Iowa, Southern, S. L. Cover, Mt. Etna, Iowa. 

KansaSj Northeastern, W. A. Kinzie, McPherson, Kans. 

Kansas, Northwestern, and Northeastern Colorado, Roy A. Crist, Quinter, Kans. 

Kansas) Southeastern. 

Kansas, Southwestern, and Southern Colorado. None appointed. 

Maryland, Eastern, W. E. Roop, Westminster, Md. 

Maryland, Middle, C. E. Martin, Maugansville, Md. 

Maryland, Western, James W. Beeghly, Oakland, Md. 

Michigan, D. E. Sower, Scottville, Mich. 

Missouri, Middle, D. L. Mohler, Leeton, Mo. 

Missouri, Northern. None appointed. 

Missouri, Southern, and Northwestern Arkansas, none appointed. 

Nebraska, S. G. Nickey, Haxtun, Colo. 

North Dakota, Eastern Montana and Western Canada, O. A. Myer, Williston, N. D. 

North and South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, Jos. H. Griffith, Brummets Creek, 
N. C. 

Ohio, Northeastern, Oscar H. Bechtel, Belleville, Ohio. 

Ohio, Northwestern, Rolland F. Flory, Defiance, Ohio. 

Ohio, Southern, Ira G. Blocher, Greenville, Ohio. 

Oklahoma, Panhandle of Texas and New Mexico, John R. Pitzer, Cordell, Okla. 

Oregon, Hiram Smith, Albany, Oregon. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, Geo. W. Weaver, Manheim, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Middle, John B. Miller, Curryville, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Southeastern, New Jersey and Eastern New York, M. C. Swigart, 
6611 Germantown Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Southern, C. H. Steerman, Honey Grove, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Western, D. K. Clapper, Meyersdale, Pa. 

Tennessee, A. E. Nead, Limestone, Tenn. 

Texas and Louisiana, M. H. Peters, Manvel, Tex. 

Virginia, Eastern, E. E. Blough, Nokesville, Va. 

Virginia, First District, C,. D. Hylton, Troutville, Va. 

Virginia, Northern. None appointed. 

Virginia, Second District, W. H. Zigler, Churchville, Va. 

Virginia, Southern, S. P. Reed, Floyd, Va. 


West Virginia, First District, Seymour Hamstead, R. D. 2, Oakland, Md. 

West Virginia, Second District. 


In 1914 a course of mission study was recommended to our Brotherhood. Many 
churches saw such classes organized. Last autumn, in anticipation of the winter's 
campaign, this course was revised to include the following books: 

For Certificate 
" Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands," by Galen B. Royer, in cloth, 50c. If this 
book had been previously studied we have recommended the first seal book mentioned 
below. An examination is required for certificate. 

Annual Report 13 

For Seals. (Only Careful Reading Is Required for Seals) 

General Study — Red Seal. " The Why and How of Foreign Missions," by Arthur 

J. Brown, 60c. 

Home Missions — Purple Seal. " The New Home Missions," by H. Paul Douglas, 


Missions in the Sunday-school — Green Seal. " Missionary Methods," by Geo. 

Trull, $0c. 

China (Asia in Old Course), Blue Seal. " The Emergency in China," by F. L. 

Hawks-Pott, 60c. 

India (Our Fields in Old Course), Gold Seal. " India Awakening," by Sherwood 

Eddy, 60c. 

Africa, Silver Seal. " The Lure of Africa," by C. H. Patton, 60c. 

The following is a record of the mission study work from the beginning of the 

present campaign until Feb. 1, 1918: 

Number of certificates granted during 1917-1918, s 430 

Since beginning of course: 

Number certificates, granted, 1,286 

Number receiving Red Seal, 234 

Number receiving Blue Seal, 187 

Number receiving Silver Seal, 235 

Number receiving Green Seal, 181 

Number receiving Purple Seal, 238 

Number receiving Gold Seal, 247 


Bro. E. H. Eby has given his entire time for the year to this very important 
work. His primary purpose in going among the churches has been to awaken, mis- 
sionary interest and enthusiasm. He has not actively urged the financial side of the 
work, in so far as it concerns endowment, etc., though considerable money has been 
contributed as a result of his efforts. The following is his report of work done: 

Number of missionary addresses given, 360 

Number of Districts in which work was done, 10 

Number of churches visited, 89 

Attended eleven District Meetings, assisted in two Bible Normals, started about 
100 mission study classes, saw that a missionary committee was appointed in every 
churcH where one was not at work, and helped to have each Sunday-school consider 
the appointment of a missionary secretary. 

In addition to the work done by Bro. Eby, many of our missionaries at home on 
furlough have rendered splendid service among the churches, where their efforts 
have been much appreciated. , 

A special educational campaign is being planned for this summer by Bro. Eby in 
conjunction with the office. 


" Whereas, My acceptance of Jesus Christ has brought me pardon and peace and 
responsibility, and my study of His Word and of the field has confirmed my convic- 
tion that ' the Gospel is the power of God unto salvation,' I hereby dedicate myself 
to special missionary service in whatever way God may direct, at any time, in any 
place, and at any cost." 

We regret that no itemized report for this year has reached us of the splendid 
efforts of this live organization, but from the secretary we learn that it is composed of 
eleven bands, — one at each college, including Hebron Seminary. Total number of 

14 Annual Report 

members is given as 357, of whom 242 are enrolled for home service and 115 for 
foreign work. 

Bro. Merlin Miller, traveling secretary of the Volunteers, visited each school ex- 
cepting La Verne, and Sister Ida C. Shumaker also covered the same ground with the 
exception of a visit to McPherson, which was made by Sister Minerva Metzger. 

The secretary says: "There has been a marked increase in spirituality and deeper 
consecration in a number of the bands. There has been more money raised this year 
than in any previous year for different funds, but still the bands hope to raise enough 
money to support a missionary on the field next year." 

The Board looks to this organization to supply from its ranks the missionaries 
that shall go forth in the years to come. 


Many churches, have adopted or are considering the adoption of systematic 
giving. The Sower Envelope System of giving has been devised with a view to 

meeting this growing need among our 
churches. This system embraces cartons 
containing fifty-two envelopes, numbered 
and dated for each Sunday of the year, 
either single or duplex, as the church may 
desire, pledge cards and financial record 
book. Such a system will work wonders 
in increasing the gifts of your church, both 
for church and missionary purposes. The 
Brethren Publishing House will be glad 
to correspond with you about this system. 

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Beginning with Jan. 1, 1919, the General Mission Board, in conjunction with the 
General Sunday School and General Educational Boards, plans to launch the following 
Five-year Forward Movement Program. We earnestly ask you to look over the 
points mentioned in the goal set, and we appeal for your cooperation in making the 
same a success. Literature will likely be sent you during the coming fall and winter 
relating to this movement, which we believe will be blessed of the Lord: 

The world is calling today for the message of' ■ peace and good will" as never 
before. The times are challenging the church for the " whole Gospel to the whole 
world," for the Christ of Calvary to be made the Savior in every corner of the earth. 
His followers are called upon for such heroic action as shall justify their professed 
faith in Almighty God, their claims to the constraining power of their Lord and 
Elder Brother, and that fearless, trustful going into all the world that assures every 
one of the constant Abiding Presence. The Master NOW commands every believer, 
in unmistakable tones, " to launch out into the deep," for there is a great catch await- 
ing the successors of the fishermen of Galilee. 

That this great opportunity may be effectually embraced, every member of the 
Church of the Brethren is called upon to deepen his spiritual life through systematic 
Bible study, the restoration of family worship, and the adoption of intercessory prayer 
in behalf of the world. 

Further, the Sunday School, Educational and General Mission Boards have 
launched the following program, believing it will receive the hearty support of every 
one who loves the Lord and the souls of the unsaved. The program is for five years 
(till Jan. 1, 1923), but each statement is based on an average annual growth for the 

period: General Goal 

1. That in the Brotherhood there be ANNUALLY (1) Fifteen thousand added to the 
Church of the Brethren by baptism., (2) Three hundred aggressive, spiritual young 
men called to the ministry. 

Annual Report 15 


The Sunday-School Goal 

2. That in the Sunday-school field there be ANNUALLY (1) One hundred new 
schools started. (2) Fifteen thousand new scholars enrolled and an average attendance 
of not less than 75 per cent of the enrollment of the main school. (3) An earnest, 
prayerful, consecrated effort to lead every unconverted scholar to a confession of 
Christ and active church membership. (4) Forty thousand dollars raised for missions. 
(5) The daily study of the Sunday-school lesson from the open Bible in every home. 

The Christian Workers' Society Goal 

3. That in the Christian Workers' Society there be ANNUALLY (1) The organi- 
zation of fifty new Christian Workers' Societies. (2) A 10 per cent increase in attend- 
ance. (3) Each Christian Workers' Society to do some definite, practical work. (4) 
Five thousand dollars raised for missions and benevolent work. 

The Educational Goal 

4. That in our church schools there be ANNUALLY (1) Three thousand five hun- 
dred students enrolled, at least 60 per cent of whom are pursuing regular college 
courses. (2) Three hundred thousand dollars raised for endowment. (3) Ninety per 
cent of our students engaged in some form of regular Bible Study. (4) Twenty per 
cent of our students looking toward a definite life of Christian service. (5) Fifty per 
cent of our college graduates dedicating their lives to the ministry or mission work. 

The Periodical Goal 

5. That our church periodicals increase their circulation ANNUALLY at least 20 
per cent, said increase being illustrated by the following: (1) Five thousand new sub- 
scribers for the Gospel Messenger. (2) Seven thousand five hundred new subscribers 
of Our Young People. (3) Five thousand subscribers for the Missionary Visitor. 

The Missionary Goal 

6. That ANNUALLY there be (1) Two hundred and fifty thousand dollars given 
to missions under the General Mission Board. (2) Fifteen new missionaries sent to 
foreign fields. (3) Two hundred thousand dollars raised for District Missions. (4) 
One new missionary station under each District Mission Board. 

For fuller information in any department address the General S. S. Board, General 
Educational Board or General Mission Board, 22-24 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 


Before surrendering the remainder of this report to our missionaries to tell their 
own story of the work done, we pause a moment to inquire as to the conclusion of 
the whole matter. Is the future for missionary effort dark and pessimistic? We say 
no; it is optimistic and only unrevealed to us. Reasoning from analogy we believe 
that the world is going to witness the greatest " forward drive " for Christ in the next 
few decades that she has ever known. The blood of martyrs has ever been the seed 
of the church; the greatest missionary societies of the world have been formed in 
periods of war time, or in that season of national or international stress which always 
follows bloody conflict; great forward movements have always been given birth in a 
baptism of blood; therefore, unless the hands of the world move backward, the greatest 
forward movements that she has ever seen are impending, for she is receiving her 
greatest baptism of blood. * 

Hearts are softened through suffering; nations will become more sensitive to the 
commands of the Father; and the cries of the famishing will be heard more distinctly 
by those who yesterday were deaf to appeals for pity and compassion. We do not 
believe, we can not think, that even in these days of so much suffering the Father has 
forgotten His world and His children, but that somehow, some way — we can not 
understand it — He will bring the greatest good out of the greatest evil. \ 


Annual Report 

For this great work let us prepare; let us pray that it may come; let us work to- 
gether as one man for the extension of His kingdom as the doors are opened and the 
opportunities afforded. And though our hearts ache as we contemplate the slaughtered 
innocents, in these sad times, may we find comfort in work which can be done through 
learning the wishes of the Father at His throne, and by prayerful application to the 
unaccomplished task which He bids us to perform. # 


We have briefly recited something of the activities that we have endeavored to 
foster during the year. Not all has been success, of course; our frailty and finiteness 
preclude any such possibility. But the Father has led in the work and we praise Him 
for His goodness and providence. Nor could the measure of success that our work 
has enjoyed been possible if it had not been for the hearty cooperation and abounding 
liberality of our membership. Your prayers have strengthened our efforts and your 
many letters of sympathy have cheered us on the way. May God be praised for His 
goodness, and may He b 1 ess each one who has been His agent in any wise in the mis- 
sionary work of the Church of the Brethren. 


The following pages record the history of our work on the fields for the past year. 
We trust that you will give all of it a careful reading, for thereby you can learn of 
the problems to be faced, the tasks that are being engaged in and the victories that 
have been won; and with such information in your minds your prayers can be made 
so much more specific and effective before the Father's throne. 


No report other than the accompanying table has reached us from the Denmark 
field. Elsewhere we have mentioned the return of Bro. A. F. Wine and family to this 
country. The work is cared for by our Danish brethren, with an occasional visit from 
Eld. J. F. Graybill of Sweden. Lying so close to the titanic conflict now being waged 
in Europe, the position of. Denmark is most uncomfortable. Our brethren and sisters 
there deserve the prayers of God's children in this great time of storm and stress. 
May He ever bless them. 















































Kr. 94.26 






Kr. 87.53 

Totals . 

I 3 








Kr. 178.56* 

♦Nearly $60. 


The following report was made by Bro. J. F. Graybill to the General Mission 
Board, and is given herewith as the report from Sweden. We sincerely trust that all 
are especially remembering our dear people in Sweden just now: 

Another year has rolled into eternity. The history is recorded, incomplete as it 
may be. We have been made to realize that a mighty Hand is at the helm, a Hand 

Annual Report 







































































BB © 

*^ 4) 










































2| 21 










X 2 

5 2 


$ 959.77 





302 421 



























I |No representative and 

no report 








167| 50| 62 


12751 14| 7| 4|10| 01 1| 31 51 31 143 1 $1,905.66 

That has been and is ab!e to steer clear of the rocks our frail barge. We are thankful 
to God for His protection and guidance of the past, and pray His favors upon us for 
the future, unworthy as we may be. 

The past year was crowned with many blessings. Dark clouds arose from the 
West in the beginning of the year. This did not give us so little concern, but as time 
goes this will be forgotten. The European War has made its effects upon neutral 
countries so near the scene of action more and more seriously felt concerning living 
conditions. Yet we are made to rejoice that the country has not been plunged into 
the arena. And we pray to God that it may be spared from the curse of war. 

The spirit of the times is very pressing. It simply continues to grind the life 
out of the poor people. Distress is written on the faces of a large majority of the 
people. Life in Sweden is a veritable battle for bread. There is a scarcity of all 
necessary comforts of life, and what is in the market is very high in price. All in- 
dustries are at a standstill or running very slowly. We have succeeded in raising 
nearly $200 for relief work. With this we have clothed thirty-eight poor school-chil- 
dren and given a dinner to some sixty aged poor at Christmas. We are very thankful 
for the donations from charitable members in the States to aid the poor and thereby 
relieve the suffering. May God bless the donors and the distribution of the means to 
the honor and glory of His great name and the advancement of His kingdom on earth. 

During the year I have made three trips to Denmark. In January I was called. 
In June I was instructed to make a trip in the interest of the Board. And in No- 
vember I was requested by the ministering brethren to be present at their District 
Meeting. I preached 122 sermons and made 350 calls during 1917. The Malmo church 
was v«ry much encouraged by the six accessions, the increased attendance at our meet- 
ings and the interest manifested. The new year has begun with an unusually large en- 
rollment in our Sunday-schools. We have tried to get a larger hall, but have not 
yet succeeded. Suitable halls are very -scarce in Malmo. 

The winter has been very severe, but the backbone seems to be broken. For the 
past ten days we have had to contend with so much fog that an electric light could not 
be seen 100 yards in the distance. There has been a famine of fuel this winter. This 
has added much to the suffering of the poor. Our flat is heated by a central heating 
plant. During the coldest part of the winter we have only had 55 degrees heat in our 
rooms. Yesterday we had 62 degrees. You can readily see that we were obliged to 
freeze at times. And with all this we are asked to pay nearly 300 crowns extra for 
heating this winter. This has been ordered by the property holders' commissioner. 
Not a flat in this city can be rented that do^s not come under the control of this officer. 
I am told there will be extra conditions for next winter. These are said to be still 

18 Annual Report 

more favorable for the property holder. This is government control in a theocratic 

With all the disadvantages and hardships we were subject to during the past year 
the good Lord has blessed us remarkably with good health. As for myself, I could 
hardly desire any better health than I have enjoyed. Sister Graybill is well, with the 
exception of nervous rheumatism from which she suffers considerably at times. The 
duties of the house under present conditions have been wearing on her nervous sys- 
tem. She has been taking treatment and seems to get some relief. 


Another volume of twelve chapters and three hundred and sixty-five pages filled 
up. Each person knows what has been recorded for himself. Here on the mission 
field the days, and many of the nights, have been full, doing the multitudinous duties 
that come to the missionary. If there is one vocation that requires an all-round man, 
a Jack-of-all-trades, it is that of a missionary. He is the leader in the community in 
all things. He can show the people how to live better, how to farm better, how to 
raise stock better; he can be sanitary director, lawyer, doctor, municipal member; he 
can be editor, preacher, teacher, orator, linguist; he can be architect, boss, builder, 
bookkeeper, paymaster, and typist; he is adviser in all matters — religious, secular, and 
domestic; in short, he needs to be what few attain to be — all things to all men, that 
he might save some. Whatever he has done or learned before coming to the field only 
adds to his efficiency. Some think it a waste to spend a well-educated life on the 
mission field, or that it is not worth the while and money to spend years in school if 
one is only going to preach to the heathen. Paul was one of the highest-educated 
men of his time, and he turned all his powers into the preaching of the soul-saving 
Gospel — the power of the Cross and the Empty Tomb. The church, made up of all 
true believers through the centuries, has the greatest responsibility, and privilege as 
well, that was ever given to men — to make known the riches of the Grace of God to 
those who know it not (Rom. 10: 13-15). 


Bro. Long sums up the whole missionary problem thus: "All we need to do is to 
teach them sufficiently for baptism, and then see to it that they are shepherded ' till 
He comes ' \ With all its difficulties the job is so inviting and hopeful that could you 
see with your own eyes, some thousands of you would envy us our privilege." Fur- 
ther, " I do not suppose that there is an elder at home who feels this responsibility 
[of Heb. 13: 17] more keenly than the foreign misionary." 

"A mother will laugh and say, ' What, is my daughter going to have to transact 
business, that she should go to school? No, she needs not to be educated.'" — S. J. 
Miller. ' 

" To the missionary it is a great relief when there are Indian men and officials 
who are ready to shoulder responsibility and 'ready to face the intimidator." — A. W. 

" One of the young men who accepted the Lord last year brought his wife, a 
younger brother, a pupil from his school, and a young man from his village." — J. B. 
Emmfcrt. This is a good example of personal work. 

You will wonder what the " Infantry " is. See E. B. Miller's report. 

" Could you see into the homes and lives of these women, as one can when you 
live among them, then you would call the saving of three Bhil women in a year a 
rich harvest. Mary Slessor says, ' Women are the greatest problem on the mission 
field.' "— K. Ziegler. 

See what a great door is open through medicine in Drs. Cottrells' page. 

Annual Report 19 

" Booth-Tucker expressed the idea that the successful plan for work in India 
was yet to be discovered, but it was revealed in the fact that the people go running 
after their religious teachers instead of the religious teachers running after the people 
(as the missionaries do)." — W. B. Stover. 

" We firmly believe that there are great things in store for our work among the 
girls."— E. B. Miller. 

" When health is at its best, when there is abundant physical strength and all 
moving along nicely, even then but a few of the multitudinous duties can be cared for." 
— J. M. Pittenger. 

"It is not just their being cleaner on the outside; there is a happiness on the 
inside that shines out through their faces." — O. Widdowson. 

" There is a great field before us to occupy, but it is by no means an easy one. 
We depend on your earnest and faithful prayers to open the hearts of these people to 
receive the Word as we teach it in the schools and preach it in the villages." — J. M. 

See what a man carried home in a bundle of wood, told by K. Ziegler. 

" Prospects are bright and we hope in the near future many of the people will 
join with us and realize the blessing of having Jesus as their Savior." — D. J. Lichty. 


No new recruits reached us in 1917. Five came to join our family at the close of 
1916, Sister Ziegler returning with them, so 1917 opened with thirty-four of us on the 
field. Bro. Holsopple was called to the U. S. A., Sister Shumaker went on furlough 
early in the year and Sister Eliza Miller returned from furlough and took up work at 
Bulsar. In October Sister Rosa Kaylor departed to be with the Lord; so the year 
closes with thirty-two missionaries busy in the great work here in India. We are 
anxiously awaiting the arrival of those under appointment, as well as several to re- 
turn from furlough. 

In general the health of our family has been good and we are thankful for it. 
We praise God for the successes and joys of our work, ask His forgiveness for our 
mistakes and failures, earnestly pray Him that we may gracefully spell our disappoint- 
ments with a capital H, and go into the New Year expecting greater things. 

J. I. K. 



During the latter part of 1916 we had for our workers a three weeks' period for 
special Bible study and prayer. In the first week of 1917 this was repeated with great 
blessing indeed. Hence we entered the year with high hopes and great faith and zeal, 
and it may be said we were making good up to about March 1, when, because of 
smallpox, cholera, and plague our campaign was practically broken up. People say 
we have not had so much smallpox for decades. The large number of deaths noted 
in the statistical table is due in great measure to this scourge. Our mission doctors 
visited us three times, to vaccinate, once against smallpox and twice to inoculate 
against plague; but these efforts reached only the boarding-school children and the few 
Ckristians living near us. The host of village Christians had no medical care at all, 
it may be said. Simple villagers might have the help of the government doctors, but 
as a rule they do not go to them, for they have little confidence in them. 

Boarding School 
We have had our school buildings full this year, and health has been excellent, 
and the work of the teachers very praiseworthy. Eighty-four per cent of the boys 
passed the work assigned them and were promoted. The writer believes the per- 
manency and rapid establishment of our work at Vyara depend very much on our 
boarding schools. Even if our efforts in the villages were as successful, relatively, 


Annual Report 

still because our work there is among the "grown-ups" it shows up poorly by com- 

Sunday- Schools 
We try to make much of this work, giving it all the encouragement possible; and 
we can feel justly proud of our school here at Vyara, made up as it is of our boarding 
boys and girls. This school won two medals in 1916, and has won " honors " during 
1917. We have not heard as yet whether any medals have been won. (Later, two 
medals won in 1917.) It is a good indication, though, when children really try, and 
hope for medals in Scripture examinations. The number of schools and pupils and 
also the number sitting in examinations is year by year increasing at a nice rate. 
About a dozen of our teachers continued their teacher-training study, and very many 
are anxiously awaiting the third-year course, having passed the other two. 

Village Schools 
We are glad for these, even though poor they be. But how much better if we 
could be glad for their quality 1 Really, Vyara has only two men in the district able to 
command the respect of the people. The rest of the teachers no doubt do their best, 
but it is far from satisfactory. We are doing the best possible, both for village 
schools and village Christians, using these selfsame teachers for all they can be and 
do, to His praise and glory. I am glad to be able to report that the field committee 
has endorsed the erection of school buildings at Vyara for the many mediocre teach- 
ers up and down our field. Here, it is hoped, they will be given for several years, 
during the rainy season, " Methods of Teaching " and biblical instruction such as will 
very materially improve their spiritual life as well as their ability to do things. The need 
is great, indeed! If we had hundreds of capable teachers we might send home such 
reports as would make your hearts truly rejoice. 

v The Church 

Heb. 13: 17 says: "Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit to them: 
for they watch in behalf of your souls, as they that shall give account; that they may 
do this with joy and not with grief." I don't suppose there is an elder at home who 
feels this responsibility more keenly than the foreign missionary. This is so heavy that 
some of us wonder whether we ought to go on baptizing the people who keep coming 
for baptism — for we seem so unable properly to shepherd them. 

The Potter at His Wheel 

Making roof tile. The tile are first made as cylinders, 

and then cut in half, lengthwise 

Annual Report 21 

" Our Adversaries " 

Paul had his adversaries, also; and he wrote freely about the sins that beset the 
early churches. I am really glad the Holy Spirit painted things for us just as they 
were. Otherwise, some of us failing of our own ideals for the church, much less our 
Lord's, would soon give up and return home to enter other business. Our adversaries! 
Here are a few of them — liquor, idolatry, superstition, ignorance, and indifference. 
Not a man or woman is ever baptized, of course, who does not wholly denounce 
liquor, idols, superstition, etc., and promise faithfully to attend religious service. But 
when one has to reckon with the liquor seller who will freely give the " vile stuff " 
in order to form the habit, the money lender who takes twenty-five per cent interest 
and more, and the timber contractors, etc., one and all of whom oppress our people 
till one wonders how they live at all, it's little wonder the poor, sheeplike people fall 
into many sins. Are these words no inducement to you to pour out your hearts in 
intercessory prayer for each one of the five hundred Christians at Vyara? 

The Outlook 

Let no one think that because of real "adversaries" we are discouraged. By no 
means! Several of our fellows have heard of Napoleon, who bent adverse circum- 
stances to his will and success. The people are nearly all receptive here, and readily 
receive baptism. All we need to do is to teach them sufficiently for baptism, and then 
see to it that they are shepherded " till He comes." With all its difficulties, the job 
is so inviting and hopeful that could you see with your own eyes, some thousands of 
you would envy us our privilege! We continue with your support in the work unto 
which we have been called. 

Sister Long deserves a large place in the little work directed by the writer. 
It would require a booklet to describe our Christian home in this unchristian land. 
Hence, with this much here I close this year's chapter. 

Training Department 

Boys and girls of the fifth standard, and thereafter, on condition of becoming work- 
ers in later years, " if the Lord wills," are admitted into this department. In this case 
they receive a scholarship, an aid to getting their education. Of course not all these 
turn out to be capable workers, such as the mission can use. Nevertheless, our object 
is in large measure attained hereby, and from this department all our workers hail. 

During the year one young man made good in the second year of the arts course; 
three young girls are in preparation, one for assistant doctor and two for nurses; 
twelve boys and girls are in Gujarati Training College, and a goodly number, both 
in Marathi and Gujarati territory, are studying English in high schools. Besides 
these, there are a few who are in some sort of manual training school. The Bible 
School was not in session during the year, as usual. 

The problem of workers and how to get them, the great need for Spirit-filled men 
and women, the amount of work we might accomplish, the blessing we might without 
doubt expect, if we had a large host of true " workmen " — these are very live ques- 
tions with us. We are praying the Lord of the harvest to send laborers into His 
harvest, and have taken the course above outlined to help answer our own prayers. 

Had we more worthy young men and women we should have more in this de- 
partment; and had we teachers we could spare from village work, we should never 
allow the Bible School to be closed for even one year. We do well to pray, there- 
fore, that our boarding schools may be well filled with fine boys and girls, and that in 
said schools they may receive such instruction as will early lead them to the Master, 
and cause them to dedicate themselves wholly to His service, henceforth to be and do 
as per His good pleasure. 

22 Annual Report 

Women's Work 

We have nine women workers at this station. Some teach in the school and 
others are living out, doing their mite toward teaching the village women. The daily- 
Bible class for the illiterate and indigenous Christian women, twelve in number, who 
live near enough to attend, has been continued through the year, the same as last year. 
They have completed several studies, besides having taken the examination in July, 
in the Indian Sunday-school Union. These who are under daily instruction, we find, 
are slow to put away old heathen customs, and what are we to expect 'oi those out 
and away who get only occasional instruction? Were it not for the grace of God the 
task would seem hopeless and unsurmountable, but sometimes the best come from 
among those far away. 

As one preacher put it, " There is more light far from the lamp than right under 
it." He used this illustration, seeing that Christians from a far-away village were 
more prompt at Sunday services than those who lived next door to where the services 
were held. 

At this writing my tent is in a village where I never before had it, but in good 
reach of several villages where I have tented the last few years. Christmas has again 
come and gone. On this day we were glad to see more than twenty women and girls 
among those who were baptized, out of fifty-two. Surely the Gospel is having a 
reaching influence and souls are coming to Him. That many more may be brought 
td Him before this season closes is our earnest prayer and desire. 

With the painful illiteracy and ignorance existing among their parents it is not 
surprising that they, too, are terrified when a rumor is sent out by their oppressors, 
that Christianity is a thing to be feared. In these war times these oppressors, the 
money lenders and others, have a new hold, in that they say Europeans will send their 
children to the war. 

This, along with other opposers of Christianity, makes' the problem of educating 
and improving the women and girls a real one, especially among these backward 
classes. It is up to the missionary to find ways to overcome all such hindrances, how- 
ever difficult it may be to do so. 

A father decides that his daughter, though perhaps not more than thirteen, is 
large enough to be married. His sole object is to get the twenty or twenty-five dol- 
lars that a man will pay for her, or in other words, she is sold to the highest bidder. 
In many cases she is dense enough to fall into the trap. Sometimes we lose girls on 
this wise. 

We have difficulty, also, in getting them to return when they go home on vacation. 
In November they had a ten days' vacation and we asked them to return by a certain 
day. Those who would live up to their promise would get a prize at Christmas time. 
Out of thirty-two girls, seven carried it out to the letter. They were greatly delighted 
on Christmas Day when the prizes were received. We hope that those who received 
none will be induced to see the advantage in promptness on returning from their 

The government inspector, who gives the yearly examination, was here in No- 
vember. All the girls passed, which is a credit to the teacher. Usually inspectors 
fcre merciless and manage to find all kinds of fault with the work of the teachers, and 
sometimes justly, too, but I have noticed that they are ever so much more merciful 
in girls' schools than in those of boys. They are aware of the difficulties managers 
and teachers of girls' schools have to meet. 

In India it is a problem to get girls into school because they are left to do all 
the drudge work in and out of doors. Mothers take delight in having the girls do all 
the work, and selfishly they refuse to have them in school, much as a girl may wish 
to be there. Boys? No difficulty to get boys. They spring up anywhere and any time. 
They seem of little account at home, strange to relate, until grown. A son, anyway, 

Annual Report 


must learn to read and write so as to do business for the household; hence, sons must 
go to school — this is rather understood. A mother will laugh and say, "What? Is 
my daughter going to have to transact business, that she should go to school? No, she 
needs not to be educated." These mothers must be convinced of its absolute neces- 
sity. Compulsory school laws help us considerably, and we hear that in British ter- 
ritory, too, it is likely to become a law. This will be a great auxiliary to mission 
schools everywhere throughout India. 

We are looking forward to the visit of the Baroda State minister of education, 
who will, without doubt, help us get our schools on the best possible basis. Much hope 
for future work lies in these boys and girls under direct training. 

At a River on Palghar-Vada Road 

The boat is used as ferry in monsoon. Attached to cable and pulleys overhead 
people with carts and tongas are ferried across 



Raj Pipla State 

For years the work in Raj Pipla State has had its ups and downs. In early days 
the turning of masses, whole villages, to Christianity was decidedly an " up." The 
harvest was great but true laborers were few. For lack of proper helpers the garnered 
sheaves were allowed to spoil in the store. The hundreds of new Christians drifted 
away and were lost. Christianity came into such disrepute that even our missionaries 
were not allowed to enter the shops, but must stand outside while making purchases. 
This was decidedly a " down." But the devoted lives of our faithful brethren could 
not but have its effect, until at last they were welcomed into the homes of the highest 
castes. This again was an " up," not only among the high castes but among all — up 
so high that Bro. Lichty with ten years' experience felt himself unequal to the task 
before him. Bro. Holsopples came to his assistance, and for' one year the work went 
forward. But Bro. Lichty's services were needed elsewhere. After a long discus- 
sion in committee meeting, and much prayer, a makeshift plan was decided upon and 
we came to help Bro. Holsopple. After eight months Bro. Holsopple was called to 
America and we, inexperienced and deficient in the language, are left alone in this 
great field. 

Alone, but not alone, for the Lord is our Helper, and many of the Indian brethren 
are both faithful and efficient. Pray with us, that this may not be the beginning of 
another " down," but that the Lord may give wisdom and strength, that the sowing 

24 Annual Report 

and reaping many continue, and that His will may be fully done in Raj Pipla State. 

Raj Pipla State is as large as a good-sized county in one of our American States. 
In the state 150,000 people live, largely in villages. Nandod, the capital, has a popula- 
tion of about ten thousand. Besides this a very few of the villages have as high as a 
thousand people, and many are only a cluster of a few houses. In fact, some of the 
villages, I am told, have no houses at all, for the word village really means a tract of 
land under a tax collector. However, most of the Talatis collect taxes from more than 
one village, some as high as twenty villages. 

Our village, " Vali," is about a mile and a half long by three-quarters wide. This 
land is divided into irregular parts, or fields, and the boundaries marked by mounds 
of earth. Few of the fields contain as many as eight acres, and numbers have less 
than two acres. Of these the mission holds about thirty fields, amounting to nearly 
200 acres. From this land some 1,200 rupees' worth of cotton was sold last year, but 
ere another harvest the profits are usually required to sustain the family of the farmer, 
so that many of the farming class of people live from hand to mouth as truly as do 
the laborers who work for eight cents a day. 

A system of schools is sustained throughout the state by the government, but 
many of the villages are left without educational advantages. Of the fifteen villages 
where we have Christian work four are supplied with government schools. For the 
remaining twelve villages schools are conducted by the mission. But hundreds of 
villages are left with no schools. In these schools nearly 200 children have been en- 
rolled during the past year. Our school here at Vali has had an enrollment of about 
sixty, and has held a very high place among the schools of the state, being praised 
highly by the government inspector, but the previous teacher having gone for further 
training, has left the school without the best of supervision during the past year. We 
hope for stronger teachers and better schools in the future. 

Early in the year we tied the oxen out under the tree, put new bamboo walls to the 
stable and converted it into a boarding-school building. Here about fifteen boys made 
their home during the past year. Most of them came from non-Christian homes, 
several being the sons of the vassavos (chief men) of our neighboring villages. We are 
glad thus to be able to wield an influence over the boys who get no Christian teaching 
in their own homes. 

But we need the stable for the oxen, so as you have given us the opportunity we 
are trying to build a new house for the boys. We have dug for the foundation of six 
rooms, two for families, two for boys, a kitchen a^nd a little shop. Here we expect 
to house fifty boys and give them Christian training; also to teach them something 
about farming, carpentry and other things as we may be able, aside from the reading, 
writing and arithmetic that they learn during the school hours. We now have about 
thirty boys, and with food scarce in the villages the prospects are that many peo- 
ple will be willing to let their boys come to us. It is then up to us to make it interest- 
ing for the boys, so that they will want to stay with us. Several of the girls from our 
villages have gone to the boarding school for girls at Anklesvar. 

We are the one of our stations having two organized churches, although our 
combined membership is far less than some of the other churches. We began the 
year with a membership of 119. By the efforts of Bro. Holsopple and others there were 
added to our numbers eighty-six during the year, a few by letter but most by baptism 
and reclamation. By letter and death we lost twenty-one, so that we end the year with 
a membership of 184. Our smaller congregation, " Taropa," ten miles east, has more 
than doubled its number during the year by baptism and reclamation. 

We feel that our heaviest loss has been that of Bro. Holsopple, being called on 
furlough, but are glad to have the vacant room in the bungalow occupied by Bro. 
Hoffert. This is especially agreeable to me, as we were friends and schoolmates at 
McPherson College only a few years ago. Bro. Hoffert has been doing faithful work 
on the language, and has long since passed the ka, kha, ga, gha, etc., of the Gujarati 

Annual Report 25 

alphabet. The arrival of Master Raymond Alpheus Arnold, on July 21, was by no 
means the least event of the year, and since he has been a healthy, happy baby, 
closing the year with nearly six months of age, rosy cheeks and eighteen pounds of 
avoirdupois, to his credit. We praise God for the children. 

Our little dispensary has not been the busiest place that one might find, but upon 
counting the patients recorded we find that nearly 1,700 have been treated by our 
Indian brother, Dr. Raghuel. During the latter half of the year he has also acted as 
teacher for Bro. Hoffert. 

We are sorry to have no American helpers. Especially do we need a single 
sister for the women's work. But we are glad to be in Raj Pipla State. It seems to 
us that this is the biggest opportunity we have known. Yes, I know no larger op- 
portunity anywhere for lifting up fallen humanity, and this opportunity is ours. Pray 
with us that we may be faithful in our Lord's work. 


My first report is not one of achievement, but of progress, in learning the language, 
in understanding the people, in grasping some of the problems of missionary work, 
and in becoming adjusted to new customs and ways of living. The language is dif- 
ficult, yet it has been a pleasure to study it, and I am grateful for the progress thus far 
made. To learn the language thoroughly will continue to be my chief endeavor for 
months to come, as this is essential to the largest degree of success in working with 
the people. 

At the different stations where I have made my home the kindest consideration 
has always been mine to enjoy. My first four and one-half months were spent at 
Jalalpor, after which, according to the present arrangement of sending new mission- 
aries to the hills for language study during the hot season, I went to Ootacamund, 
in South India. Here for two months I enjoyed the cool climate, the beautiful 
scenery, and the pleasant associations with other missionaries. The spiritual blessings 
were abundantly provided for through daily prayer services, Bible classes, the Sun- 
day services and a four-day devotional conference. These were highly beneficial to 
the new missionary, who does not have opportunity to attend English services on the 
plains. Upon my return from the hills I was transferred to Vali. My home has been 
here ever since, with the exception of six weeks spent at Vada with Bro. Kaylor, 
just prior to the coming of Bro. Garner and wife to that station, Dec. 28. Surely 
I have been blessed above my deservings, and I praise Him Who has called me to this 
needy field that is ripe unto the harvest. 

I will lift up mine eyes to the hills." On the road to Vada. 



This year was begun in getting back the strength that the plague had taken away 
during December, 1916. We remained out in our grass hut until Feb. 15, when it was 
thought best to come back and clean up the premises. We enjoy the living out, but we 

26 Annual Report 

could not do the work we would have liked. Most missionaries are out camping 
this way most of the winter season, but it is where they can work a district. The first 
week of February we did go out on a trip to some of the villages where we have 
schools, and also where Sister Powell had her camp. As we returned from this trip, 
the evangelist that she had with her, and who had been sick some says, died in his 
village just before we reached there on our way home. I then staid there and had 
the burial services. He was one of our good workers and our loss was keenly felt. 

Church Organization 

After returning to the bungalow we arranged a meeting. Brethren Lichty and 
Blough came out and the Vada church was organized. During these meetings we 
also had a love feast. Ten were baptized at this time, and others promised to come 
later. At the organization three deacons were elected, and in all it was a very en- 
couraging and profitable two days. 

The next event was to go to the District Meeting at Anklesvar. From here we went 
to visit a few days at Ahwa, the first trip back there since Bro. Pittengers returned 
from furlough, February, 1915. The work in the Dangs is growing, though there 
are many discouragements. After returning to Vada we arranged for our vacation 
to the Nilgiri Hills of South India during the hottest months, April and May. It 
was here that my body fully recovered from the effects of the plague, except that per- 
haps I tire just a little sooner than formerly. Otherwise I am glad to say that there are 
no signs of the disease left. God .wonderfully kept and healed from this dreadful 
disease. There were about twelve or fourteen deaths in the village during the epi- 

When we returned to our work in June the rains had well begun and the weather 
was pleasant. We had many things to look after. In July the rains were a little 
slack, but the farmers went on with their planting, and' the latter rains were good. 
At the last too much came and some of the crops were damaged, yet a good harvest 
was brought in and the people are happy. There are no signs of a famine, though 
prices are getting very high. 

In August I accompanied Bro. Blough around to Nasik, Ahmednagar, and Poona, 
visiting some of the Marathi Mission educational institutions and training schools, as 
we need to draw workers from these places, and also to send some of our children 
to school till we can have schools of our own started. It was a very profitable trip. 

In October we planned for the traveling secretary of the Western India Evangelis- 
tic Forward Movement Committee to come to Vada and give us three days' meetings 
to prepare our workers and church for the evangelistic campaign of the coming cold 
season. I had the workers in three days previous to his coming, had some good 
meetings, and got them warmed up for his coming. What he gave us in the way of 
methods was very inspiring and all felt much benefited and strengthened for the 

3ltt Ufamonam 

Rosa Wagoner Kaylor 

Born February 5, 1885, near Pyrmont, Indiana 

Died October 29, 1917, at Bulsar, India 


In the midst of these meetings a cloud came over us in the critical illness of Sister 
Kaylor, with dysentery. Dr. Cottrell was called and he did what he could here, and 
finally thought best to move her out to our Bulsar Hospital, where better attention 

Annual Report 


Missionary Rest Homes in Nilgiri Hills 

Here Bro. Kaylor enjoyed a much needed rest in 191' 

and medicines could be given. Oct. 21 we reached there with her after a twenty-five 
hour journey. All possible was done for her, but the Lord thought best to take her 
home to Himself, so " He touched her and she slept," and she was laid to rest in the 
Bulsar cemetery, beside Sister Quinter. I staid at Bulsar for the devotional and busi- 
ness meetings of the mission the first week of November, and then, after visiting 
three of the other stations, returned to Vada Nov. 20, accompanied by Bro. Hoffert, 
who staid till Bro. Garners could come after their first Marathi examination. They are 
to be here now with me and we will carry on the work as best we can for the coming 
year. We can not understand why the Lord has done these things, but we know that 
He knows how best to bring glory to Himself. 


During the year schooJs were opened in two new villages, one being a transfer 
from a near-by village, but before the end of the year the teacher here proved unfaith- 
ful and had to be dismissed. This has turned the people against us, and they do not 
want our school now, though we put another teacher there. Another school became 
so small, by reason of the children going elsewhere for higher education, parents of 
others taking them out for work, and the teacher needing to go to his home to help 
his widowed mother, that this also was closed, so the year ends with only five village 

Boarding School 

Here in Vada we have a very small boarding school started. Some orphan chil- 
dren were brought to us, so we took them in and are caring for them. There also are 
some seven other children of our Christian families and some day scholars from the 
village, so we have a fair little school here. We are crowded very much for room to 
keep the children. If we had a suitable place we could get many more children and 
have a large boarding school, which would be a great help in our work in training up 
workers for the future. There are many difficulties to be overcome, of course. 

In the village where our worker died in February lived an old man and an only 
son eight years old. The father was sick and helpless. He sent his boy to us one 
day and said, " Take him and care for him." We kept the boy and went to find the 
father, and in a couple of days we brought him in and gave him food and medicine. 
Still he continued to grow weaker, and in a month or so died. But before he died he 


Annual Report 

Where's the Happy (?) Bride? 

Band playing for a wedding at Vada 

gave us a legal paper, assigning his boy to our guardianship. So this boy, Bapu, is 
in the school, and a very promising boy, too. Had his father not made the writing 
one of the relatives would have taken him away and he would have been lost to us. 
He was baptized Jan. 2, 1918. 

The present cook for the boarding school is a woman who was cast out by her 
husband as the less favored of two wives. She has two boys. The larger one is a 
bright one in school; the other is small. Sometimes the father comes here and tries 
to get this wife to go back to his village-with him, but she will not unless he will do 
for her what he does for the other wife. The larger boy runs and hides somewhere 
till the father is gone, as he knows that he has a good place now and will have it hard 
if he has to go back. We hope that in the future our village schools, which take 
pupils only to the fourth standard, will be feeders for our boarding school. 


During the rains we had three baptisms. An old man and his wife (he was one of 
the village washermen for years here, and used to do Bro. Berkebile's washing) came 
to us and asked for baptism. He was a hard drinker, but now testifies that if any- 
one mentions drink to him it makes him angry, such a change has come into his life. 
His wife, too, is a very nice old woman, and we hope that others of their family will 
come to Christ. The third baptism from the raw heathen was our horseboy, Padia, 
an account of which you have read in the January Visitor. At first his people made 
it yery hard for him, but since we got him a wife from Pandita Ramabai's home, they 
have become more friendly, and he hopes that in time some of his caste, also, will 
become Christian. 

Very often when one of these people begins to think of becoming Christian, and 
any of his people find it out, they arrange to get him away from the influence, and 
intimidate him in many ways. So the evil one is at work all the time to keep these 
poor people away from the Lord. Pray for us, that we may have more power to do 
the great and responsible work entrusted to us, and that we may by some means 
save some, as brands from the burning! And that those who are thinking seriously, 
and searching for the truth earnestly, may have the opportunity and courage to tear 
away from the ties that bind them, and step out and endure what they will have to 
face, and stand firm and be valiant witnesses for their Savior and ours! 

Annual Report 


Vada Women's Work 

The year 1916 found us living out in the jungle in grass houses and tent, having 
moved out on account of plague in Vada. As you perhaps know, Bro. Kaylor had 
plague, and he was just getting able to be around when 1917 was ushered in. Dr. 
Cottrell had told us we should move our tent and grass huts to a new place just as 
soon as Bro. Kaylor was able, so on Christmas Day, 1916, we moved farther into the 
woods. I had been anxious to get out in the district, so as soon as we got settled I 
began making preparations for touring, and on Jan. 6, 1917, the catechist's family and 
I went to Kambare, a village six miles from here, farther out in the jungle. Here we 
have a school. Our teacher, who lived in the village, helped us to get settled and we 
began our work. The people at first were afraid, because they knew we had been ex- 
posed to plague, but when they learned that we had a phonograph they forgot about 
this and came to hear the music. One night after I had gone to bed a crowd came 
from a near village and begged me to get up and play the phono. I told them to 
come early the next night and I would play for them; so they were on hand promptly 
the next night. After hearing the music the catechist told them the story which never 
grows old. . ! j .i ^ 

Sometimes the people would come in crowds to hear the music. One Sunday 
afternoon over a hundred came at one time. Sometimes they would arrive with 
their carts and beg us to accompany them to their village and bring the phono. So 
we went to several villages. After hearing the phono for a time one of the workers 
would teach them a Bible lesson. In the daytime also we worked in these villages. 
Thus we spent a very happy and I believe a profitable month in the village of Kambare 
and the surrounding villages. Brother and Sister Kaylor came out the last few days and 
were with us till we came in. When we returned to our grass huts the plague was 
staid, and so in a few days we moved back to Vada. After we arrived Brethren 

Lichty and Blough came out and held some 
meetings, baptizing ten people and organiz- 
ing the Vada church. Since that time the 
church has seemed to take on new life and 
we have been much encouraged. Some have 
accepted Christ, and still others have been 
counting the cost. Many good impressions 
have been made on the people by our Chris- 

The months of February and March were 
spent in and around Vada, a part of the time 
in village work and a part of the time in the 
duties of the home. The first of April I 
went to the hills and staid till the last day of 
May. When I returned home many things 
took my time here at the bungalow in getting 
things ready for monsoon, as Brother and 
Sister Kaylor did not return from the hills 
till the middle of June. After they came back 
I again took up village work, and until Sep- 
tember my Bible woman and I were laboring 
among the women of Vada and in the villages 
near the main road that we could reach dur- 
ing the rains. Here the rains are very heavy 
and it is hard to reach the villages that are 
The Three New Convert, at Vada off the main road during monsoon. However, 


Annual Report 

Thinkers for India's Future Greatness 

Boarding School for Christian Children, Vada 

in case of real need we go to them in some way. In July one of our catechists lost a 
grown son. They sent us word, and so my Bible woman, the ox-boy and I started 
to their village. When we arrived at the river, about four miles on the way, the water 
was very high and the people said we could not cross. So we went back to the first 
village, intending to go on home, but when we told what had happened and why we 
were going a Mohammedan woman said to her husband, "Do get them across some 
way, for they are going on a very necessary work." And so, because of her pleading, 
the man said he would get us across the river. We went back to the river and they 
took our cart to pieces, and conveyed it across a few pieces at a time in a little row- 
boat. They then took us over in the same boat, and one of the men swam the oxen 
across. After all were safely on the other side, they put the cart together and we 
started on our way. We had come four miles and we had ten yet to go, but no more 
rivers to cross, and we went on rejoicing. That night after dark we reached the sor- 
row-stricken home. We did what we could to comfort the parents and brothers of the 
deceased, and the next morning at 10 we started back home. The return journey 
was even more difficult than the going, so we did not reach home till nearly night. 
We were glad we had gone, even though it was a hard trip. In October I had a 
similar experience on a trip to Pandita Ramabai's to get a wife for a Christian boy. In 
this case we were carried across the river on men's backs, instead of being rowed 
across. I was put on a man's back and then another took a long cloth and tied my 
feet so that I could not slip off. The current was very swift and I told the man he 
could never cross with me, but he assured me he could and so he did. 

When I returned from this wedding trip Sister Kaylor was sick. They had already 
sent for Dr. Cottrell. He reached here on the following Sunday and staid till Tues- 
day, and then he returned to Bulsar. The following Thursday Sister Kaylor gave 
birth to a little girl, and we again sent for the doctor, who came as soon as he could, 
but she continued to grow weaker, and Saturday, Oct. 20, Dr. Cottrell, Bro. Kaylor 
and four of the native brethren took her to Bulsar. All was done that could be, but 
the dysentery, which had continued from the first of her sickness; got worse and worse", 
and on Wednesday, Oct 24, she passed away. She is gone but not forgotten. 

Why this came we can not understand, but God knows and He doeth all things 
well. When the telegram came announcing her death I thought it could not be, as 
she was needed so much in the work anci in the home, but the Lord wanted her and 
otfr loss is her gain. Sister Anna Eby reached here the same evening and staid with 
me for some time, as I was ill at the time Sister Kaylor died. 

Annual Report 31 

After I was better we went out to Bulsar to the special week of prayer. When 
I returned home I got ready and went out touring, and continued in this work till Dec. 
28, when Bro. Garners came and we all came in to Vada together. Two days were spent 
in getting unpacked, and on Dec. 31 in getting a Christmas treat ready for the board- 
ing school and Christian children. That evening all the Christians were called to the 
bungalow and each person, old and young, received a little remembrance of some 
kind. Some ready-made clothing had been sent from the United States to Sister 
Kaylor, to be given to the Indian children. These were used so far as suitable, and 
then we provided for the rest in one way and another. This was followed by a 
dialogue by three of our teachers, one representing a Mohammedan, one a Hindu, and 
one a Christian. We also had singing. The people then went to their homes. Thus 
ended the year 1917. The work that has been done is little compared to what ought 
to have been done. We are sorry that we can not do more, and we are very sorry 
that we do not have more workers. Surely the harvest is white, but the laborers are 
few. We are praying for fifty conversions during the year 1918. Will you pray with 


The Language School 

Jan. 2 we left Dahanu and went to Poona, where we entered the Marathi Language 
School, which is under the direction of the Bombay Representative Council of Mis- 
sions. Although the work was rather monotonous, we enjoyed it very much, as we 
were daily learning new words and phrases which we could use in speaking with the 
people. Here, also, we had the pleasure of helping in English services at the Y. M. 
C. A., Soldiers' Mission, and M. E. church, and were pleased to see a number of the 
soldier boys turn to the Lord. 

The two months' stay during the hot season among the hills of Mahableshwar 
were much appreciated, especially because of the association with workers of other mis- 
sions and getting in close touch with the wonderful things of nature. Surely the 
earth showeth forth the handiwork of God. While there the writer was called upon 
to assume the responsibility of treasurer of the mission, as Bro. Holsopple was called 
to America. 

June 1 we again returned to Poona, where we remained until Dec. 19, when we 
left for Bombay to take the oral examination, the written having been taken a month 
previous. Then we came on again to Dahanu, which was our first home in India. 

We have felt very keenly the presence of the Lord with us and praise Him for 
His keeping power and sustaining grace. 

As for a report of the work accomplished through the year, we can but say that 
we have spent the time in language work and passed the first year's examination. 
The last act of the year was to come to Vada, where we arrived Dec. 28 to assist 
Bro. Kaylor and Sister Powell in the work. Here we expect to make our home, and 
as you think of us and pray for the work you should also think of the foundation laid 
by Bro. Berkebile and the work for which Bro. Brubaker and Sister Kaylor have given 
their lives. 


The first year on the field for every new worker is necessarily spent in getting a 
new language, in learning to know a new people, and in becoming accustomed to 
new conditions and surroundings. 

For lack of language-study facilities at our Marathi station Brother and Sister 
Garner and myself, after visiting a few weeks among our mission stations, went to 
Poona. At this place the different missions in the Marathi territory have established 
a Marathi Language School for the convenience of their new workers as they come 

32 Annual Report 

out year by year. Here one has the advantage of the best native teachers pro- 
curable, both of Christian and of Brahmin. Thus here in study the greater part of the 
year has been spent. 

To some it may seem a long period to spend a year or two in language study be- 
fore one is able to do any definite work. But the acquisition of the vernacular of the 
people is the first essential, and it does take time and persistent effort. It is a long, 
hard task, but very fascinating. Daily to acquire something new, and steadily to in- 
crease one's vocabulary,, thus enabling one to become more expressive to the people in 
their own tongue, promotes interest. The natives, too, are pleased to watch the 
progress made and are so eager and willing to help. Sometimes if they catch the 
thought of what one is about to say, they even take away the opportunity of an effort 
by saying the thing for us while we are thinking of what words to use and how to fit. 
them together. While in Poona we lived at the Missionary Rest Home, where many 
missionaries are coming and going. This opportunity of mingling with experienced 
workers has been helpful. Hearing them speak of their varied lines of work, their 
methods used, their joys, their problems, their successes and failures, all helped to 
introduce us to the ups and downs of missionary life. 

Frequent attacks of malaria, and sometimes long-continued, hindered much in 
language progress. Not to be able to complete the work as outlined for the first 
year has been a real disappointment. Yet I do rejoice in the freedom from discour- 
agement which has been mine, even in the midst of suffering, and that through the 
Father's goodness I have been able to make at least a little advancement toward un- 
derstanding and being understood by the people. 

Many and varied have been my experiences, some exceedingly joyous and some as 
correspondingly trying. All are committed unto the Father in Whom we have full 
confidence that He knows best what is needed to keep us fitted for His service. Like- 
wise many and varied have been the impressions made, some commendable and some 
otherwise. Here, as in the homeland, the two great forces, Light and Darkness, are 
at work. In the midst of intense darkness rays of light here and there are brightly 
beaming forth, and show the fruits of mission work. 

Remember earnestly in prayer the Father's light-bearers unto the illumination of 
this darkened land. 


A Rearward Look 

That the reader may be able, to appreciate the better present causes for rejoicing 
in Jalalpor, indulgence in a brief backward look is asked. This station was opened 
in 1899, by Brother and Sister D. L. Forney. They did their work well, opening an 
orphanage, beginning evangelistic work, and establishing several large village schools. 
When they returned to America in 1904 the prospect seemed good for an early in- 
gathering. Many of the orphans and a few " camp followers " from other districts 
were baptized, but no start was made among the people of the district. 

Those who followed the Forneys in the work preached the Word prayerfully, 
faithfully and industriously, over a wide area, but, sad to relate, the people did not re- 
spond as we had been led to hope they would. Rather, they showed symptoms of 
being gospel hardened. The mission considered it wise to cease work for a time in 
Jalalpor district and turn to more promising fields. The evangelistic work remained 
closed during a period of five years. Up to the end of the time mentioned sixty- 
five persons had been baptized and the total membership reached eighty-one, yet of 
all these only three can be said to have come from Jalalpor district proper. Of the 
three, two had gone back before the church was organized and the third never con- 
fessed to his family and caste that he had become a Christian. 

Annual Report 


Wanted — A Threshing- Machine 

Threshing rice by beating the sheaf heads over a bed 
covered with boards 

Doors Opening 

Knowing these conditions, it is easily understood what great joy the workers at 
Jalalpor experienced when an indigenous convert was baptized in August, 1916. Two 
others followed him a few weeks later. These three were all schoolteachers and from 
the castes for which we were making special efforts at the time. Their picture was 
given in last year's report, page 54. 

During the year just closed our hearts have been rejoiced again and again because 
of increasing evidence that the people are opening their hearts to the long continued 
call of a merciful Savior. One of the young men who accepted the Lord last year 
brought his wife, a younger brother, a pupil from his school and a young man from 
his village. This last mentioned young man is in turn teaching, as best he can, a 
friend of his and hopes to bring him for baptism ere long. Another of last year's 
converts brought his wife. A young man, an assistant teacher in one of our large 
village schools, became deeply interested. He showed deeper conviction of sin and 
better appreciation of the gift of eternal life than most of them do. But he faced 

Extracting Juice from the Sugar Cane 

All folks, everywhere, have their sweet tooth 


Annual Report 

There Were 593 Such Boys and Girls under Secular and Religious Instructioi 
in Jalalpor Mission Schools in 1917 

strong opposition from his people. Individual thought and initiative find no encour- 
agement in the fast-bound rules of caste. Many individuals deplore and condemn 
the caste rules, regulations and restrictions, and yet as a whole the caste is unable or 
unwilling to change them. This young man found himself in the hindering clutches 
of caste. He solved it by deciding to go to a foreign country where he would have 
more liberty. Before going, he came and was baptized. 

One day the circle inspector, Trikam Bhana, came with an expression of keen 
joy on his face and reported that a man from one of the villages of his circle desired 
baptism. He was the first from that village to receive baptism and experiences some 
difficulty, but is rejoicing in his new-found Savior. Just yesterday a great sorrow 
came to him. His youngest son, aged nine, bright and studious in school, and keenly 
interested in Bible stories, passed away after three days of fever. Father and mother 
are sorrow-stricken, but deep is their consolation that their little Ranchod is safe in 
the arms of Jesus. This brother now has great hopes that five others from his vil- 
lage will soon accept his Savior as their own. 

Another circle inspector, Limbaji K. Sasene, brought two teachers whom he had 
taught and won. He also reports that several others are considering the step very 
seriously. A young man and his wife, who are working for us at Jalalpor, became 
convinced that what we teach is true, and accepted our Lord in baptism. So this year 
we have had eleven baptisms, all indigenous, from five different villages and from five 
different castes. 

Reaching the People 

We use constantly all the methods we know and find practical to reach the people. 
Where there are sufficient Christians to permit of regular services, there we have 
them. In day schools, religious instruction is given daily, with special lessons when 
the circle inspector visits once or twice a week. Wherever the day-school teacher 
is capable of conducting a Sunday-school, there we have one. Otherwise the circle in- 
spector teaches the lesson on some other day of the week. Gospels, books and tracts 
are sold or given away as occasion offers. On the railway train, at the depot, by the 

Annual Report 


roadside, in people's homes, in our own home, with the learned and the unlearned, 
the high and the low, to crowds and to individuals, we seek and use opportunities to 
witness for our Lord and to direct attention to the higher things. 

Almost any incident may become the text from which to present spiritual truth. 
A farmer showed with pride his field of sugar cane, the new sprouts of which were 
just appearing above the ground. The conversation was easily turned to the resur- 
rection of the dead, and kindred truths. Another offered a cool, refreshing drink of 
sugar cane juice. This presented a fine opportunity to tell of the gift of " living water " 
that our Master would freely give and to show how rude and improper, not to say 
disastrous, it is to refuse such a gift. Another in supposed kindness offered the mis- 
sionary a cigarette, and the opportunity was used to show how India is accepting 
freely harmful things from the West, as liquor and tobacco; it is seizing some good 
things, such as matches, lamps, tools and machinery; but the best that the West can 
offer, the Lord Jesus Christ, Him they strangely reject. Teaching thus offered is well 
taken and friendship strengthened. 

Our Village Schools 

We continue to push the educational work. We conducted sixteen schools during 
the year and have applications for many more. In each case we seek to supply a school 
only where the need is not met at all by any government school. All but three of our 
schools are conducted specially for the children of aboriginal tribes. They are the 
races whom the Aryans found in India centuries ago when they came down into 
India. An inadequate religion, caste regulations and self-interest of upper classes have 
kept them practically stagnant materially, morally and spiritually all these years. Now 

There Are Sixty-one Such Girls in Our Jalalpor Mission Schools 

they are beginning to awaken. They are asking for schools. Some of the more in- 
telligent see the evils of universal liquor drinking at weddings and funerals, and such 
other harmful customs, and are agitating for reform. It is a very keen joy and an 
exceeding great privilege to help such to find their way into the light, liberty and 
redemption, all of which are found in our Lord Jesus Christ. The total enrollment in 
all of our -schools was 472 boys and sixty-one girls. We make special effort to get 


Annual Report 

the girls into school, but parents think it useless, or even think it might spoil them. 
An education perhaps would make them discontented with the life of squalor and 
drudgery they now live. That is what we desire, for when the women awake to the 
need of improvement, the improvement will come. 

The Gujarati Sunday- School Quarterly 

Only 6,650 copies of the Gujarati Sunday-school Quarterly were issued during the 
year. This number is 2,150 fewer than were issued last year. The cause of the de- 
crease is to be found in the issue by the India Sunday-school Union of tw'o courses of 
graded lessons adapted especially to the needs of village Sunday-schools. Many have 
adopted these courses. However, the Quarterly supplies a real need in the older and 
more advanced schools, and as such is used by all the missions working in the Guja- 
rati language area. The " Notes " prepared for our Quarterly are also used by the 
Bombay Guardian, and are translated for use in the Marathi Quarterly which is 
published by the Bombay Tract and Book Society. The " Suggestions for Teachers," 
prepared by Sister E. B. Miller, are much appreciated. Bro. Long has been appoint- 
ed editor for 1918, and we hope he may derive as much benefit and pleasure from it 
as we have. 


We have had rather more special hindrances during the year than usual. One circle 
inspector was compelled to bring his family to Jalalpor and remain here a month and 
more because of damage done to his house by the heavy rains. Another was com- 
pelled to leave his work because of serious sickness in his family. Of course the 
schools and other work lag without proper supervision. Several teachers also were 
crippled in their work by sickness. We tried to turn these hindrances into benefits by 
using this enforced absence from work for special teacher-training and Bible classes. 

During the early part of the year many villages were closed to us by an epidemic 
of smallpox, and during the closing months plague was very bad all about us. One 
large mission school had to be closed four months on account of the plague. During a 
month or more it was not safe for us to remain in our bungalow, as plague rats 
died in the mission quarters and some in our own cookhouse. While forced to be 
away from home we took the opportunity to visit some of our fel-ow-missionanes. We 

A Group of Teachers and Pupils from Jalalpor Mission Schools 

Annual Report 


Weighing: Wood at Palghar Station, India 

directed the work in our own district as best we could by a free use of the railway 
trains and the post. We were very glad to get back again to our own home just 
before Christmas. 


In all our work Sister Emmert takes an important part. While not in robust 
health she has been enabled to care for our home, teach and advise and direct the 
Christian women in their material and spiritual affairs, and look after things in 
general when I am away from home. Having no suitable school facilities for our 
children, she has been their teacher, taking one through the third standard and an- 
other through the first. This is a pretty severe strain on her strength, but she does 
it willingly and efficiently. It is only another example of mother love sacrificing it- 
self for the sake of its offspring. 

The field committee has kindly recommended us for furlough the coming March, 
but owing to the pressing need of workers on the field, special dangers now involved 
in sea travel, and because, all things considered, we are about as well off physically and 
as useful here just now as anywhere, we have decided to postpone our furlough for 
a time and await more favorable conditions. 



The fourteen months we have just served in the Lord's work in Dahanu have 
been swift but pleasant ones. Entering service in a new language area was not' the 
bugbear we had anticipated. The water and climate have been agreeable, our fellow- 
missionaries companionable and ever helpful, and the native Christians, though not 
many, proved their devotion and help constantly. 

Knowing that our location here was only temporary, our efforts were chiefly de- 
voted to keeping going the work which had already been established, employing as 
much as possible the policy and methods of our predecessor. Yet some changes were 
inevitable. There were some chronic trouble makers among the workers, who either 
had to be disciplined or dismissed. Some new workers had to be broken in. 

Determined opposition by high-caste Hindus resulted in closing two schools in 
a certain district, but it also occasioned our opening up work in another community 
exceedingly more promising. At Palghar, a railway town twenty-five miles south of 
us, we opened up also a very promising portion of our field. It is from this place 
that our missionaries leave the railway to go to their jungle home at Vada, and so 
it is a link in the chain of villages which we hope to claim for the Lord from Dahanu 

to Vada. 

38 Annual Report 

A new feature of the work was the introduction of the Boys' Boarding School at 
Karadoho. The school is not large, but the boys, surely, are not the same as when 
they entered a year ago. Seeing their progress the timid Varlias, Dublas, and Dordias 
will soon, without doubt, be sending their boys in greater numbers. The compound 
and place of residence formerly occupied by Bro. Ebeys is devoted to this work. 

It fell to our lot to erect some of the buildings on the new mission compound 
near the Dahanu Road station. Previous to our coming one building suitable for 
hospital wards had been erected. For the year these rooms have provided comfort- 
able quarters for all the missionaries resident at the station. One year's buLding 
operations account for a fine two-story bungalow to accommodate four ladies, a dis- 
pensary, and a big well of good water, besides fencing, grading, road-making and 
several outbuildings for servants, vehicles and animals. The carpenter work was ex- 
ecuted by men trained in the Bulsar Mission Industrial School. The masonry was 
done by a Hindu contractor of tried reliability and friendship. Only the squalid 
and unsanitary place near the station in which our missionary ladies were living "and 
working justified us in pushing the building through at war prices. Other necessary 
building will be resumed only when prices descend to our level again. 

The organization of the Dahanu Christians into a church took place in February, 
1917. The membership at present consists largely of missionaries and mission workers, 
but prospects are bright and we hope that in the near future many of the people will 
join with us and realize the blessing of having Jesus as their Savior. 

It is with regret that we must leave here after so short time, but it seems best for 
us to take our furlough soon, and so we hope to see Our friends and loved ones in 
America before long. 


It is not all joy, not all victory, not all triumph to serve in a non-Christian coun- 
try, but it is indeed blessed to witness for Christ to those who know not His love. 
As we review the work and results of the past year we feel there is little progress to 
report. But there has been so much to lead us to encouragement that we begin the 
new year with renewed courage and hope. 

In the evangelistic field our greatest need is trained and consecrated native help- 
ers. Without the aid of Indian brethren and sisters the missionary can mot accom- 
plish much of the large task of evangelizing the multitudes. During the year we have 
had two men and six women as helpers in this line of work. During the first half of 
the year there were ten women on the workers' list, but several have moved out of the 
district and a few proved incapable of doing this kind of work. We have worked in 
about sixty of the surrounding villages and hamlets during the year. This is only 
one-third or one-fourth of the villages in our district. We might have reached them 
all had we been content with only one visit to them. But we approve of repeated vis- 
its to fewer villages rather than only one visit a year to a large number of villages. 

Work among the illiterate village women is not easy. We used to hear women's 
work spoken of, and received impressions that it was very fascinating. It is very 
fascinating, indeed, but it has many temptations to discouragement too. The Hindu 
woman is at a great disadvantage because of lack of mental development. Deprivation 
of educational privileges for so many centuries is clearly read in the faces of the 
women that make up our audiences in the villages. It seems difficult for them to get 
even a meager comprehension of what the Christian life means. Indeed, it requires 
quite as much tact and ability to present the truth to illiterate woman in such a way 
that she can grasp it as it does to reason with the Brahman philosopher. Neverthe- 
less, we love the work among the women and children. For them we came and for 
them we earnestly pray. 

This is the itinerating season of the year, and as I write these lines we are in 
camp in a little village seven miles from Dahanu. The best season for touring among 

Annual Report 39 

the villages is from December to March, inclusive. During those months we can 
live in tents among the people. This brings us into closer contact with them and 
helps us to understand their home life. In the autumn and hot seasons it is too warm 
to live in tents and we must do our touring by tonga or cart. In the monsoon season 
the roads to many of the villages are impassable and " village work" practically ceases 
for several months. 

Our workers have been preparing for an evangelistic campaign this winter. The 
third week in February is a special week of evangelism set apart by the various mis- 
sions of India. During this week not only preachers and Bible women put forth special 
evangelistic effort, but schoolteachers, carpenters and day-laborers give part of their 
time to preaching. 

Five women have been following the course outlined for women workers and 
are ready for examination. 

Village Schools and Sunday- Schools 

In number our schools are fewer than a year ago; in interest and quality of work 
done they have grown. At the close of this year we have eight day schools and three 
night schools with a total enrollment of about 300. Three of the day schools are under 
government inspection. 

With every village school, except one where we have a Hindu teacher, we have a 
Sunday-school. This year seventy entered the All-India Sunday-school Examination 
and a goodly number passed. 

One of the hardest experiences we had this year was the closing of one of our 
best schools and with it an enthusiastic Sunday-school. One of the leading men of the 
village became alarmed at the interest the children were taking in Bible stories and 
memorizing Scripture verses. He circulated the report that the missionaries were 
going to make Christians of the children. Consequently all the patrons became 
alarmed and the children were taken out of school. Twenty-one from this school had 
been examined in the Sunday-school Examination and all but a few had passed, several 
with honors. We hope that the good seed sown in the hearts of tke boys and girls 
has not been lost, and that in due time there may be a harvest of souls in this village. 

Medical Report 

Soon after beginning the year we were able to move into a bit better quarters than 
we had previously occupied. We had more room, more light, more air, and were able 
to do better work. It was a native house and we still had about as much dust and as 
many rats. 

There has been a considerable increase in the number of our women patients, for 
which we are glad. Most of the men patients have skin diseases. 

In a number of instances we have been called in consultation by the government 
dispensary doctors here and at a town thirteen miles distant. We appreciate this 
spirit of friendliness. 

We have had a number of Christians and a few non-Christians from other stations 
who came here for continued treatment. We located them wherever we could find 
an empty room for them, or where friends would take them in. In one case the 
family were not pleased with their quarters and moved out. The arrangements were 
not convenient for us, but we did the best we could and God 'blessed our efforts in 
helping these who otherwise would have had no help. 

New Year's Day was a time of great rejoicing for us. The dedication of our new 
dispensary took place. Our hearts are filled with gratitude to our heavenly Father and 
to the dear ones at home who have made this possible. In a few days we hope to 
begin work in it, though the furniture and fittings are not all completed. Before the 
close of the year we hope to have a line of rooms that can be used for in-patients. We 
appreciate very much Bro. Lichty's faithful efforts in the building work. 

40 Annual Report 

We were disappointed in not getting an American trained nurse this year. We 
have put in a call for one to the Board each year, and hope the coming year may see 
a response. We have much appreciated the help of Sister B. Mary Royer in our work. 
While this is not the work she was prepared for she has been willing to step in and 
help in this work because of the need. In another two years her furlough will be due, 
and unless a trained nurse comes this year there will be no one to take her place.' A 
qualified nurse should be here this year so that she may have sufficient time to ac- 
quire the language and be able to take up the work and begin the training of native 
nurses by that time. The duties of the American nurse will be much those of a 
leader and trainer of native helpers in professional and spiritual lines. For we want 
our native helpers to be soul-winners as well as efficient nurses. One will not find 
these girls as responsible and easy to train as girls at home, and the task is a trying one, 
but we believe it is well worth the effort of anyone who has the patience and feels 
called to this work. 

Peacefully Sleeping 

The walled enclosure is the English cemetery, Bulsar, where Sisters Quinter and Kaylor are resting 



The work of another year is past, and as we look back over it we have mingled 
feelings of joy and regret. When we see all about us multitudes of people uncon- 
cerned about their soul's welfare, so many who knowingly refuse the Savior, so 
many to whom we have not been able to carry the message of truth, our hearts are 
made heavy. On the other hand, we rejoice that our Christian community is older, 
taking more responsibility in the work, giving more for charity, more appreciative of 
spiritual things and of what has been done for them. 

During the year the health of our family has been good, which has permitted us 
to be at our post of duty most of the time. In order to give the children a chance in 
a good school, Sister Ross spent three months at Panchgani, parts of which time I 
was with them. Oct. 31 our fourth daughter, Pauline Mary, was born to us. During 
the summer months, when Sister Blough was away, Sister Ross had charge of the 
Widows' Home, and at the same time, in the absence of the doctors, did what she 
could to meet the wants of the community medically. So, during the year, these duties, 
together with looking after our home, kept her busy. 

Bulsar Church 

During the year two love feasts were held, fourteen were baptized, twenty-three 
letters were granted, nineteen letters were received, there was one death, and one was 

Annual Report 41 

disowned. At the end of the year the membership of the church stands at one hun- 
dred and ninety-four. During the year the regular services were maintained. In June, 
prior to the love feast, Bro. Blough made a special effort for the uplift of the spiritual 
life of the church. There were several confessions, and some who had nursed their 
griefs and quarrels for some time finally agreed to make peace, and at the end of the 
year several cases of a more serious nature were settled up, leaving the church with 
more nearly a clean sheet than at any previous time for several years. One person 
who had had quarrels with several, and who had been disciplined, thought that by 
pouting, and refusing to accept the discipline of the church, in time the church would 
come to his terms, but in this he was sadly mistaken. The result was that the church 
refused to suffer him longer and severed connection with him. Within twelve hours 
he was seeking our help to make the best of a bad deal. 

The Sunday morning services are very well attended, though the attendance at 
the afternoon service is not what one desires. During the fall and winter months the 
English service is filled to the seating capacity, but during the hot months, when some 
are away to the hills, and when the students and children are away in school, the 
attendance is small. A number of additions have been made to the railway staff, and 
many of these attend, some of them showing considerable interest, and signifying their 
intention of living better lives. To some the prayer meetings on Wednesday evenings 
have been of special help. 

In the forepart of the year, soon after the Bible School was closed, Bro. Naranji 
Valji was elected to the ministry, and four good strong men were elected deacons. 
Thus our official body has been strengthened, and it is encouraging to see how they 
have taken up the responsibility that falls on them. 

Twice has it been their lot to recommend to the church that certain individuals 
deserved severe discipline. It was not easy for them to take this stand before the 
community, but they held together as a united body, and their efforts were success- 
ful. To be with them and to know how whole-heartedly they worked for good re- 
sults was encouraging to me. To the missionary it is a great relief when there are 
Indian men and officials who are ready to shoulder responsibility and ready to face the 

An event of some importance was that of putting benches in the church. The 
members had asked for them several times, and only recently did the church see its 
way clear to meet the expenditure of $220. The pattern selected gives seats with solid- 
shaped ends, such as you see in modern buildings at home. Twenty-five of the forty 
seats were made by our own carpenters. During the time of raising the funds for 
these seats there have been two appeals for help for the war sufferers, to which there 
has been response, totaling nearly $20. 



Here at Bulsar much time of the missionaries goes in looking after the various 
educational interests of the station. Here we have had our main schools from the 
first. Of late years these have been reduced in numbers owing to the fact that our 
orphanages have gradually had fewer and fewer inmates. For the first time since we 
have been here have the inmates of the Boys' Boarding School exceeded forty in 
number.. Now children of Christian parents who live out in unfavorable localities, or 
who can not be accommodated in the ordinary village school, are coming in to our 

The boys from the boarding school, together with boys from the local Christian, 
community, and a few from the non-Christian community and the railway compound, 
constitute the Boys' School. During the year the average enrollment was fifty-seven 
and the average attendance fifty. The full seven standards are enrolled, though as 
yet the upper standards are small, and will be for a few years. We have a fine lot 
of bright boys from the Christian community who will soon be ready for the upper 
standards. It is very noticeable that the boys now in the upper standards are young- 

42 Annual Report 

er and smaller than we had years ago. This is because they have had better ad- 
vantages and reach the upper standards when yet young in years. 

In the forepart of the year two teachers were sent to the training school, and 
during the year other changes were necessary. I hope to see the day very soon when 
we can keep a regular staff of well-qualified teachers throughout the year. It is our 
dim to place in the school trained teachers as soon as we can get enough of them. 

In the visages our educational work consists of a good school at Wankel, in 
which we have two teachers who have passed the seventh grade final examination, and 
a third teacher, a Christian woman, a graduate of a government training college. She 
will have charge of the lower grades and we hope will make the work in them more 

Besides at Wankel we have five other schools in the villages, in which there are 
some bright and promising children. Recently, when visiting one of the schools, I 
noticed a very bright boy in the third book. He is from the backward classes, and 
knowing that we wou d not be able to maintain a fourth standard for him, I said to 
the teacher that later he should encourage the boy to come to our boarding school at 
Wankel. A few days later when I went to Wankel the boy was there, happy in his 
new surroundings. 

The total enrollment in these six village schools was 176. During the rainy sea- 
son the attendance goes very low, but in the dry season the attendance is encourag- 

The school at Wankel is of special importance, since there we will maintain a 
splendid teaching staff, and will have the facilities for a good school, which will at- 
tract students from far and near. Some officers interested in the uplift of the village 
masses see in this school big possibilities, and we hope to continue to receive en- 
couragement from them. 

The Boarding Institutions 

Owing to the fact that we have a boarding school at Wankel it is possible for us 
to meet the wants of boys from distant villages. So far we are accommodating only 
boys from the aboriginal tribes. Recently, Bro. Naranji, who had been head master 
here at Bulsar, and who is a trained teacher and minister, took charge of the Wankel 
district work. He and his wife look after the boarding children, of whom there were 
twenty at the end of the year. He will also have general charge of the schools, and 
the evangelistic work. When they went out we sent along with them our gardener 
from here, who is to assist in developing the agricultural work for the boarding boys, 
and later we hope to have children from the homes, who are day scholars, also do 
some work in the garden and fields. Later, when the agricultural work is more es- 
tablished, we will introduce carpentry and other industries also, but agriculture is to 
have first place. 

During the year a well was dug and walled and several bamboo-walled rooms 
were built for the boarding, and this year several more will have to be built to afford 
accommodations for school and teachers. 

At Bulsar the Boys' Boarding School closes the year with forty-two boys who 
are regular boarders. Bro. Savernbhai was made their house master the first of 
December, instead of Bro. Naranji, who went to take charge of Wankel. He has 
charge of the boys' work in the garden and also sees to the disposal of the vegetables 
and fruit. He purchases all the supplies for the Widows' Home and for the Girls' 
Boarding School also, which gives him a good chance to make proper disposal of the 
products of the boys' labor. 

It is no small task to look after their clothing, to attend to their difficulties and 
quarrels, to see that the food is properly cooked, to attend to the sick, and to direct their 
spiritual life, and the place is worthy of a good man, whom we have in the present 
man, who is a deacon in the church. 

Annual Report 



The industrial work has in the main been mentioned. Here at Bulsar, besides the 
work in the garden, there is the carpentry for the bigger boys. On account of the 
shop being in the same building, and the fact of having a number of carpenters at con- 
siderable expense, oftentimes the carpenter class has been neglected. Since Bro. 
Bloughs are away, more work falls on me, so in order to have more time for the 
more important things, the carpenters are being sent to other places where they can 
be used, either in building work or to conduct carpenter classes, and now I hope to 
reorganize the educational phase of the carpentry work here. 


As yet evangelistic work in the villages has not developed to such an extent as to 
make any showing in the report. The former workers whom we had at Wankel sue-, 
ceeded in overcoming much of the prejudice that was against us, and we are near the 
time when we can do constructive work. The last few days, but in the new year, a 
teacher of splendid character and of considerable ability, was baptized, and we hope 
that once the excitement which this is making will die down, we can 'make some real 
advancement. Pray for the new converts in all our stations, and especially in those 
where the work is just opening and the first converts are harassed from every side. 

Sunday- School 

During the year the Sunday-school work went on about as usual. The number in 
attendance averaged 180. The contributions amounted to $108, of which amount $56 
was spent on objects outside of local expenses. Twelve of the fourteen baptisms were 
of children of the Sunday-school. A total of seventy-seven took the examination, of 
whom a large percentage passed. 

Plant and Equipment 

The past year or so the above has been the name of one part of the budget, and 
since I have had much to do with this work a few words will be in place. Here at 
Bulsar the forepart of the year the doctors' residence was completed, church repaired, 
the foundation for five rooms to the hospital put in, a cheap line of five rooms built 



On the Road to Yada 

44 Annual Report 

on the hospital grounds as temporary quarters for patients, buildings remodeled, fence, 
etc., built so as to accommodate the Widows' Home, together with many smaller jobs 
about the premises, all of which has taken considerable of my time and attention. The 
fact that hardware has gone up from Rupees 3 per maund before the war to Rs. 30 now, 
or 900 per cent, has necessitated larger expenditures than had been anticipated. Labor 
also has advanced 50 per cent the past two years, and also materials of all kinds, so that 
building is becoming increasingly expensive. Nor are we able to get on without 
doing some. The doctors have had to turn away many patients who should have had 
accommodation, but for lack of room could not remain. 

May the Lord bless the humble efforts of the past year, and give us strength for 
more diligent and faithful service during this new year. To Him be all the praise 
and honor. 

The Girls' Boarding School 

An average of about thirty-five has been in the boarding school during the year. 
This means that these girls eat and sleep and have their home within the walls of the 
girls' building. These girls are made up of those having parents, as well as a few or- 
phans. In some cases only one parent is living. Fifteen of this number are daughters 
of the girls who were in the orphanage eight, ten, twelve and fourteen years ago. We 
are glad for these whose mothers are or "were Christians.' We are glad for the shelter, 
protection and care the girls have in the boarding school, and we look forward to the 
time' when, instead of fewer than half a hundred, we shall have hundreds of girls in 
our school. We firmly believe that great things are in store for the work among the 

Most of the girls are under twelve years of age, yet they have done all their own 
housework under the direction of their matron. The first part of the year Ramku- 
varbaim held the position of matron. After her marriage in April Jamnabai Naranji 
took her place. Both women rendered valuable and excellent service among the girls, 
and without their help the superintendent would have found the work very, very 
difficult. The girls look to the matron as mother, and it is pleasing to see how she 
is a real mother to them. 

Savernbhai Fulji, whom we like to call " the chief of the staff," because of his 
interest in everything, managed the general and culinary supplies very efficiently. He 
has been a right arm to us, not only in getting the things we needed, but in giving 
advice in many trying and perplexing problems. How glad we are for the help of 
our India brethren and sisters in the work! Without them we could do very little. 
We rejoice in their faith, and the sincerity and devotion shown in their work. The 
girls have responded heartily in doing the housework, and so things have been done 
promptly and according to the program. We still maintain the old plan of arranging 
the working classes at the beginning of each month. The matron and two of the 
larger girls form the committee to see to the arranging of these classes, and' they have 
done their work very satisfactorily. For lack of room we can not take more than forty 
girls. We hope for larger quarters in the near future. 

The Day School 

This is the school attended by all the boarding-school girls, the girls of the 
Christian community and some non-Christian girls about us. The teaching extends 
from the kindergarten to the sixth grade. At present the lower grades have the 
largest number of pupils. The average attendance during the year was fifty-seven. 
In April the attendance was highest, sixty-six. Boys are admitted to the kindergarten. 

The yearly examination came in June this year, making a very short year owing 
to the government arrangement to have the school year close in March after this year. 
Formerly the examinations came in October. During 1918 the arrangement will be 
completed and the examination will come regularly in March, also making the school 

Annual Report 45 

year a bit shorter than usual. The results in the examination were fairly satisfactory. A 
grant of Rs. 147 was given the school by the government. 

Considerable irregularity occurred in the teaching staff during the year. The 
principal and his wife, who was kindergarten teacher, were transferred to other work, 
and so a reorganization occurred in November. Sickness also made it necessary to 
make several changes. Inefficiency and improper conduct also took one teacher away 
before the year closed. On the whole, we have done the best we could, hoping that 
another year will find a more efficient teaching staff and a larger number of pupils in 
the school. A change in the management also occurred early in the year, when Sister 
Shumaker left the work, so efficiently carried on for five years. Sister Sadie Miller 
tided over the time between Sister Shuruaker's leaving and our return. To us it was 
like coming back home to return to the girls' school, even though many of the fa- 
miliar faces were gone, and we have enjoyed a very, very pleasant year with them. 

From the quilt patches sent by our Sisters' Aid Societies in America the girls 
pieced comforter tops that were sold. Of the amount realized, Rs. 20 were sent to the 
British and Foreign Bible Society and Rs. 5 contributed to the Red Cross when a special 
collection was held on " Our Day," and a program was rendered by the school. 

A number of teachers' meetings were held, wherein were discussed teachers' 
problems. These proved very helpful to all who attended. In the teaching staff we 
have only two normal-trained teachers.' We are hoping for the time when all shall 
have these qualifications. Those who do not have the normal training do the best they 
can, of course, but are very much handicapped in their work. 

The " Infantry " 

" The Infantry " is a new department added to the Girls' School since July, and a 
satisfactory arrangement it has proved to be. You will wonder what it is. All our 
women teachers are married and have children under school age who constantly an- 
noyed the mothers during the class period. To give the mothers liberty in their 
classes we employed an " ayah " (nurse) to care for the children, and prepared a room 
with cradles and beds and toys a short distance 'from the school. The nurse arrives 
in the morning and at noon and receives the babies as the mothers go on to school. 

For the first few days the babies, not accustomed to the nurse, did considerable 
crying, but afterward settled down to peace and quiet. The mothers come and go at 
recess to attend the needs of the little ones. This work the nurse does for Rs. 4 ($1.34), 
and is happy at the job. 

Training Department 

Three girls are in the Normal Training College. One entered in 1916 and two in 
1917. The one who entered in 1916 had her studies interrupted during the year by an 
attack of typhoid fever. We are glad to say she fully recovered, passed her examina- 
tion and has gone on to the next year's work with her class. 

Two girls are in the English school, acquiring a knowledge of English pre- 
paratory to their course in nursing. This is their second year. Both are doing well. 
Our training department girls have to be away from us in other mission schools, but 
we are glad to say they are welcomed there and given the very best of care and 
training. They come home for their summer and Christmas vacations. We hope the 
day will come when we can have schools of our own for those who need to study 
beyond what our school gives at the present time. 


Three weddings took place during the year. This cleared the engagement docket. 
The matrimonial bureau was closed all year, owing to there being no marriageable girls 
in the institution. There are plenty of young men and widowers who want wives, 
but these have to be supplied from other places. 

Two deaths occurred in our midst during the year. We were very sorry to lose 

46 Annual Report 

the girls, but after receiving the best medical aid and the best of care they were 
called from among us. These were the first deaths fbr a long time. 

The work in caring for the physical needs of the girls, looking after their school- 
ing, work with the children, and helping in the Gujarati Sunday-school Quarterly, has 
kept us busy, but all has been very enjoyable. We have enjoyed the very best of 
health, for which we are very thankful. Our earnest desire and prayer is that the Lord 
may be magnified through these who are in our care. To this end will the Visitor 
family pray for them. 


During the first half of the year 1917 work^was carried on in the old, inadequate 
quarters in a native house. July first saw the opening of the new dispensary building. 
This building, forty by sixty feet in size, provides for male and female patients in 
separate parts of the structure, each side having consultation and treatment rooms. A 
small operating room, a storeroom for drug supplies, and a drug-dispensing room are 
in the center and are used by both sides in common. In front is a spacious veranda, 
partially divided by a low partition, and this serves for the waiting rooms, men on 
one side and women on the other. Fortunately the climate here is such that open 
verandas can be used the year round and thus the expense of rooms is saved. 


The first section of the hospital proper, a line of six rooms or " private wards," 
where patients can stay for treatment, has been in use for some time. A private ward 
is a room where the patient comes and stays, bringing as many of his family or friends 
as he likes. For these patients the hospital provides the room, a bed and necessary 
medicines. They furnish their own food, bedding, etc., and the family or friends do 
the nursing. This is the general custom in this country, except in large city hospitals, 
and the people like it much better than they would if it were conducted like a hospital 
in America. The expense of such a room averages about $50 per year. 

A number more of just such rooms are needed, for recently in two weeks' time 
fifteen non-Christian patients, who came asking for hospital treatment, had to be turned 
away, as every available room, not only in the hospital but also in the Christian com- 
munity, was filled. These patients left disappointed, and for lack of room the hospital 
lost fifteen opportunities of giving Christian teaching; for in-patients are usually more 
responsive than the average dispensary patient. Owing to the enormously increased 
cost of building materials further construction of permanent buildings has been tem- 
porarily suspended; but the need has been so urgent that a very cheap temporary 
building of five rooms has been,, erected. 

The construction of the above-mentioned dispensary and hospital section was ac- 
complished under the active supervision of Bro. A. W. Ross. For his very efficient 
and untiring services in the building work we wish to record our grateful thanks. 

A need of the very near future is a home for the native nurses. The student nurses 
will be unmarried girls, and the conditions in this country require a place for them 
on the hospital grounds where they can be protected morally, as well as given a 
suitable home and classrooms. 


The primary purpose of the medical work is to make known to the people the 
things of God and the kingdom of heaven. In addition to the means used for the 
healing of the body there is daily Scripture reading, song service, and a short Bible 
talk and prayer. This, to the assembled patients as a group before any treatments 
are given. After this while the patients await their turn to consult the doctors or 
receive their medicine, the evangelists are selling tracts and Gospels or talking with 
responsive individuals. ' For this special and important work the field committee has 
assigned two graduates of the Bulsar Bible Teachers' Training School, Lallubhai Kalidass 

Annual Report 47 

and his wife, Salomabai. As a rule the people give good attention to the gospel story, 
and our prayer is that they may learn to know Jesus. These Bible workers also 
visit with the in-patients and give hope and cheer as opportunity offers, and point out 
to them the way of life. A great need is a capable worker to follow up the patients 
as they return to their village homes. 


Miss Mohler is completing her first year's language study. Later she will have 
charge of the school of nursing. An appreciation of her most efficient and skilled help 
in some very difficult cases is here given. 

The first native assistant to be taken on was a peon or native man to run errands. 
His duties are many and at times he is on duty day and night, for here there are no 
telephones or delivery service, so that all messages and special medicines have to be 
sent by the peon. Until September, 1916, he was the only assistant in the dispensary, 
and he helped much in giving hints as to the ways of the people and keeping patients 
in their proper place and order and even in giving some treatments. He is a valued 
assistant and is counted as one of the staff, even though he is not directly a medical 

The first rooms were so small that there was scarcely space for assistants to work. 
But the need soon arose for some one to dispense the medicines. Here such a man 
, is called a " compounder." In September, 1916, a young man, one of Bro. Adam Ebey's 
schoolteachers, was engaged. He knew nothing about medicines or medical work; 
but was willing to work and has developed into a willing and capable assistant. He 
now prepares and gives out at our direction from 250 to 500 days' treatment each day. 

As soon as the students were graduated from the Bible School two Bible workers 
were engaged, as has been mentioned elsewhere in this report. 

July, 1917, a graduate Indian nurse, Faithbai Charles, was added to the staff, and 
three months later her husband, who has had two and one-half years' medical train- 
ing, was taken on as an assistant. Faithbai is a graduate of an American Methodist 
Mission Hospital and has had eight years' experience. These people are good work- 
ers, and both could command much higher wages in government service, but their 
preference is to be in mission work. 

This is the extent of our staff at present, although it might be well to mention that 
two of the girls who recently finished their work in the Bulsar Mission School are 
continuing their studies in English in preparation for the student nurses' course, in 
the hospital here. • 

Statistics for Nine Months of Calendar Year, 1917 

New cases, .' 4,452 

Repeated calls, 7,761 

Total calls at the dispensary, 12,213 

Daily average for the year 54 

Daily average during the last month of the } r ear 73 

Outside cases and professional visits in homes, 648 

In-patients (those who stayed in the hospital), 76 

Obstetrical cases, 29 

Plague inoculations, last six months, 321 

Major operations, 4 

Minor operations 181 

Percentage of increase in attendance over 1916, 40 

Receipts Rupees 8,419-15-0 or $2,806.64 

During April, May and June we were away from Bulsar, so the above figures 
represent nine months' worlc instead of twelve. During our absence Dr. Nickey 
kindly cared for all emergencies and special cases. 


Annual Report 

Outside Cases 

These show a decided increase over last year. Calls come from far and near. 
Some trips are made by train, some by carriage, some by horseback and also by ox- 
cart. Visits are made into the homes of all classes: Hindus, both high and low caste; 
Mohammedan, Parsi and Christian. The Bulsar Christian community numbers some 
seventy families, and many professional calls are made in these homes. Visits to 
other mission stations are frequently made, both for fellow-missionaries and others. 
A great opportunity for evangelistic work is opening up in the non-Christian homes 
where calls are made. 

War Supplies 

The demand by the government for the war hospitals is so great that often it is 
difficult for others to obtain hospital equipment and supplies at a reasonable price. 
Present shipping rates and restrictions make it almost prohibitive to think of getting 
them out from America. One of our great needs just now is operating-room furniture, 
especially a sterilizer and more instruments. Operative cases often are turned away 
because we can not care for them. 


After many years of faithful service at Ahwa, Dangs Forest, it was necessary to 
transfer Bro. Pittenger and family to Bulsar, where Bro. Pittenger could receive 
more direct* medical attention. He is slowly regaining health and strength and looks 
forward with eagerness to the time when he can take up work again. 

It is with sadness that we record the death of Sister Rosa Kaylor, who was called 
to her heavenly home on Oct. 24. Though everything possible was done she passed 
away after an illness of only two weeks. Amoebic dysentery was the direct cause. 
Fuller details of her sickness and death were given in the Gospel Messenger. 

Two missionary babies gladdened our homes the last year — Raymond Alpheus 
Arnold, born July 21, and Pauline Mary Ross, born Oct. 31. Both were born in the 
new medical bungalow at Bulsar and give promise of being strong, healthy future 

As a survey is made of the year's work we see both failures and successes. We 
believe that maijy are helped to " see Jesus," and that the work has not been- in vain. 

Mission House, RahidV Anklesvar, with Master and Family- 
All the Women Are Now Christian 

Annual Report 


Workers of the Anklesvar Mission, 1917 

And now as the new year is opening up before us we renew our covenant with Him, 
" that Christ shall be lifted up." Remember us in your prayers, that we and our as- 
sistants may be given wisdom from above in giving opportunity to all who come to 
know and believe on Him. 



At the close of the previous year (1916) we had a pleasant and painful experience 
in a special series of meetings which resulted in many surprising and voluntary con- 
fessions of dreadful sin. It was mentioned in brief in the report for 1916. These 
confessions assumed so surprising a nature that we just wondered and waited, all 
feeling that we did not know what was coming next. We knew not what to expect. 
It was a " waiting on the Lord " of a nature I had never seen before. Night after night 
some brother, or sister, or several came with weeping and crying, wishing to confess 
in the " tent of confession," and to have the several members of the church join with 
them in prayer for forgiveness. 

During this confession time, it came into my heart as a question, what the result 
of all this would be, whether for good or evil to the infant church, for the most part of 
these confessions were not by the raw Christians of recent date, but by those who have 
been with us, in fellowship and in service, for many years! We looked up no rules in 
the matter, but prayed the Lord to make it clear what was best, and tried, all of us, 
to follow that leading. Ought confessed sins to be spread before the whole congrega- 
tion or not, before selected members of the congrgation or not, before whom? There 
are children in every growing congregation, in every church; shall such things be 
told them? Praying together, the whole matter worked out, as it seemed to us, to the 


Annual Report 

Girls' School, Anklesvar, Begun in April, 1917 

Head teacher, Kunkubai, stands in the middle of the door 
See story of Kunkubai in July Visitor 

glory of the Lord. It was announced before the congregation that " those who con- 
fessed sins in the tent of confession," their confession being evidently sincere, should 
be prayed for by the whole church, in the hope that God would forgive them. Those 
interested knew the names. Husbands knew. Wives knew. One sister was informed 
that she ought not to commune for a season. And during the year, the result follow- 
ing was that now and then another came to confess an act of weakness and to ask 
that several should engage with him in prayer, to the end that he might be strength- 
ened against the sin, and forgiven for the past. The church has grown in grace, and 
manifestly is very much better than before. Confession of sin has come to be a real 
live doctrine with some of us, and we preach doctrinal sermons very frequently. 

Boarding Schools 

We have now two nice little boarding schools on the compound, on opposite ends 
thereof, and to these the parents of the little folk in the district are beginning more 
and more to see the wisdom of sending their children. They are the backward 
classes, and while they trust us, we think, yet the idea of sending their children here 
to school is not in full fruition yet. So we try to be very careful, lest anything should 
cause a stumbling block to come into their minds in respect to the schools. It is true 
of the boys, and more true of the girls. 

The Villages 
Our membership and school work, apart from the boarding schools in the com- 
pound, is largely confined to the villages. We have not as yet gotten into the hearts 
of town people enough to win them to the Lord Jesus. The village people, however, 

Annual Report 51 

are more free from certain evils, and their numbers in India are very large, where- 
ever you go. So the hope of the India mission work is in the villages. 

Many years ago one of the visitors to our Bulsar home was Booth-Tucker of the 
Salvation Army. In our talk on Christian work he expressed the idea that the success- 
ful plan of work in India was yet to be discovered, but it was revealed in the fact that 
the people usually go running after their religious teachers, instead of the religious 
teachers going after the people (as the missionaries do). After that I often prayed that 
if this is the secret to greateV success in the work, may the Lord so send people 
to me. And if it is the answer to my prayer or not, I do not say, but often our house 
is well spoken of as being like a government building, besieged by men after all sorts 
of things, wanting to see the missionary, so much so that it sometimes happens at noon 
that the poor fellow has hardly time to eat his dinner! But the missionary likes it. 
If it means a winning of the people to the man, or to the man's Master, or to the 
truth of the Master, why, my prayer still continues, " O Lord, let the people come." 
I will lay myself to be of whatever service I can to them. 

Our Gujerati paper, called the Prakash Patra, continues at about the same rate as 
it has been for several years. Cost of printing and of paper is, as everything else, 
much increased, however. Monthly 500 are printed, and the special temperance num- 
ber reaches a 3,000 circulation. 

District Mission Board 

In the district chosen by the Board for its own field of labor the work has been 
maintained without any practical increase or decrease. One of the three teachers 
employed chose to walk off without saying anything. An employee can get leave any 
time by asking for it, but the weaker ones are too weak to ask for it. Perhaps it might 
be better to say they have not gotten far enough removed from an old custom to 
adopt a new one. But the Board work is encouraging, and it has been decided to 
open up a small boarding school in the district, out among the simple people. 

The Ministry 

Early in the year an election for minister was held. It was well known to all 
who was preeminently qualified above all others for the work, and all the votes went 
for him. Thus Bro. Govindji Khengar was chosen, and has been very helpful in the 
ministry here, as well as in the work of the Prakash Patra. We feel glad for the first- 
fruits of our own mission work, as this is only the second brother chosen who has 
been raised in the Church of the Brethren, and in that sense knows no other. We 
pray the Lord to raise up workers for the harvest, and then the Lord hears our prayers 
and uses us to raise them up. This is true in either land, home or foreign. Imported 
workers have a place in mission work, but the place of your own is larger. 

These Hard Times 

Since the war began in 1914 the times have been growing harder and harder. In 
other words, the prices of things have been increasing, while wages have not been 
increasing proportionately. As we look back to the period of the famine in 1900 we 
feel we had It good then. There is no famine now. Prices, however, are far higher 
now than then. All people are feeling it now, while only the poor suffered then. 
There was grain then, and there is grain now, but the price of grain is much higher 
now than then. Now there is employment for all. Then employment of all farmers 
ceased — therefore, famine. If any one now has anything to sell he gets a big price 
for it. But most people must buy, while few can sell. The war is a most frequent 
subject of conversation. Sympathy is practically all with the Allies. A few Mahom- 
medans talk for the Turks — talk, that's all. All wish the war to end. 

" He that goeth forth and weepeth, seed of grace in sorrow bringing, 
Laden with his sheaves of glory, doubtless shall return with singing." 

52 Annual Report 


Evangelistic Efforts Among the Bhil Women 

Sometime ago I heard the remark, that a missionary ought to know how many 
souls he or she has saved. I began to think, but could not find one that I could say 
I had saved. And what is more, the Lord help me never to think it. But I have 
this comfort and assurance that much good has been accomplished. How do I know? 
Because of the Lord's promise', that His word shall not return unto Him void. 

January and February of the present 3^ear we were touring in the villages. We 
pitched our tent in the villages where we have teachers and Christians, and then went 
to the surrounding villages as much as we could. Living among the people, one has a 
chance to do much personal work where one accomplishes more among the women, 
than when a number are together. Morning and evening meetings were held with 
women and children. During the day they are in the fields. Could we continue our work 
throughout the year the progress would be much better, but the little they receive is 
too often forgotten, and those who oppose Christian work are ever ready to spoil all 
the good they have heard. 

Three women have been baptized this year and others have promised to come 
soon. You say, " Only three in a whole year! " Yes, but one soul is worth more than 
the whole world; then how precious three souls are! Could you see into the lives of 
these women, as one can when one lives among them, you would call the saving of 
three Bhil women in a year a rich harvest. 

A number of our Christians ha*ve become indifferent and have been led astray, 
but some have promised anew to do better. The temptations are many, and in their 
weakness a number fall, but some surprise us by their firmness. Here is a little story 
of one of our Bhil sisters: 

In one of the villages some of the Christians turned to Bhilism; then five of them 
called themselves a jury and decided that any Bhil Christian that would remain a 
Christian would have to pay a fine of a certain sum of money — much for a poor Bhil. 
The husband of the sister referred to was ready to join the backsliders, and wanted 
his wife to do the same. She said the Lord was her jury and she would trust Him. 
The husband did all he could to change her mind. He beat her, threatened to put 
her out, to marry another woman, and forbade the village people to give her any 
work, so she would starve. It was very hard on her, for she said he had been a kind 
husband, and how could he do this? He would not eat with her, not even enter her 
home. The Christians and some kind friends at home helped her, so she did not have 
to starve. And that, with the earnest prayers, has won him back to the church. He 
now talks about it with a great deal of feeling, how his family was cared for when 
he was so ugly. He came trembling (as one of the Christians said), asking forgive- 
ness. He is happy and very attentive at services, though those who threatened him, 
with others, are still out. 

Another little incident in connection with the above: While this man was under 
the control of Satan he came home from the fields carrying some firewood on his 
shoulders. After he had thrown the wood down he discovered he had carried two 
poisonous snakes, several scorpions, and some centipedes. His wife told him that 
showed how wicked he was, and yet how merciful the Lord was to save him from 
these poisonous things. We know you will all rejoice with us for the victory won and 
the broken family reunited. Three children of this family are in the church; also in 
the mission school. 

How to win these women faster is the question. A remark by Mary Slessor 
comes to my mind: "Women are the greatest problem on the mission field." She 
does not wonder that men are as they are. If they are to be reached, more must be 
done for the women. May the home church be in earnest prayer for the mothers of 
this land, and when they become enlightened there will be a great change in India's 

Annual Report 53 

I failed- to say that when the touring season is over, and it is too hot to live 
out, we go out for evening meetings until the rains set in; then the time is taken up 
with a sewing class once a week when possible, and everyday duties enough to keep 
one busy. 

Pray much for this part of the Lord's work, that in the coming year many wom- 
en may be led to the Savior and God shall have the glory. 


In looking over the work of the past year it seems to me we are beginning to see 
more results from our work among the village women. Not many more have been 
baptized, but it is noticeable in their attitude towards us and Christianity that while 
they are not ready to be baptized themselves, in many cases they want their children 
to become Christians. Slowly the Christian homes are increasing, which is a great 
help to the villages. 

We brought our tent in from the villages the latter part of February. In March 
the District Meeting, which corresponds to our Annual Conference at home, met here. 

In April we told the village people we were ready to receive their little girls into our 
boarding school. They have been coming in slowly, but only one, when given leave 
to go home, as we allow them to do occasionally, has not returned. There are twenty- 
seven in boarding, and four come to school from their homes on the compound. Some 
are learning their letters, some in the primer, and some in first, second, third and 
fourth grades. They have made remarkable progress. It shows what they can do if 
given a chance. Their parents were pleasantly surprised when the youngsters ren- 
dered a good program on the last day of school. We had invited the parents in to take 
the children home and share in the program and treat. 

All these girls except two are from Bhil homes. Some are from the most prosper- 
ous, some from the poorest; some from Christian, some from non-Christian homes. 
Eleven villages are represented. Six of the girls are from Vuli or villages near Vuli. 
There is no girls' boarding school at Vuli, and Bro. Arnolds are trying to persuade 
the parents to send their little girls in here, that they may have the advantage of 
the school. The girls, from the first, have liked their teachers and the woman who 
lives with them and teaches them housework outside of school hours. This has been 
an important factor in keeping the girls. It is encouraging to go out to the villages to 
the homes of the children and hear the parents say, " Everybody notices a difference 
in the children since they are in school." It's not just their being cleaner on the 
outside; there is a happiness inside which shines out in their faces. 

Three of the girls have been baptized and twd more are asking for baptism. 

May these girls get such a Christian training that they will be a force for good 
among their people in the villages. 



This has been a year of severe testing for us. To me it has been one of deepest 
searchings and continued trials of my faith. As to what our Lord could do for mine 
and me, there never was a moment of faltering or doubt, but could I hold out and 
prove true through it all was the question. 

Out of the twelve months of the year but four were spent at Ahwa in the duties 
which have become so dear to us. January, February, March and part of April passed 
by very quickly while engaged in these duties. We left them reluctantly in April 
to go to Panchgani for a change of climate and duties, with the hope that these 
would restore the health and strength so urgently needed to carry on the work. 
During the first part of our stay there the change of climate, food and surroundings 
did help me some, but after the middle of May there was a return of the stomach 
trouble and other digestive ailments, and there were frequent and violent spells of 

54 Annual Report 

June 16 found us back at Ahwa, and happy to be once more in the- work, but it 
soon became apparent that my strength was not equal to the duties before me. I had 
no appetite, and what food I did take was repulsive to me. In this condition I worked 
on until July 7, when I left home to attend the meeting of the field committee at 
Ankleshvar. After this I spent three weeks at Bulsar in the home and under the 
constant watch and care of our medical missionaries, Brother and Sister Cottrell. My 
condition changed so much for the better that they thought it safe for me to return 
to Ahwa again. Sister Pittenger and Joseph remained at home to look after the work 
while I was away. We were happily reunited on the 28th of July, and for two weeks 
we were so glad to be busy together again in the work. Then another relapse set 
in, with symptoms which had not appeared before. I could not sleep, lost in weight 
and became very nervous. 

Just then, owing to a break in the heavy rains, we had an opportunity to come 
out to Bulsar for the needed medical assistance. Despite my weakened condition, 
greatly swollen rivers and other difficulties, we were safely brought to Bulsar, where 
we arrived the night of August 22. The following evening Brethren Emmert and Ross 
anointed me, according to the very blessed promises found in the epistle of James. 

After one month spent in helping to care for me, Sister Pittenger returned to 
Ahwa, accompanied by Sister Olive Widdowson, who proved to be a very efficient 
helper there as she does everywhere. That was a month of many anxieties, for there 
was an unusual amount of sickness among the neighbors and native Christians of 
Ahwa and other near-by villages. Sister Widdowson's presence and help proved to be 
ordered by Him Who doeth all things well. 

If the thought of being unable to write a report when one has been busy the year 
through, becomes so weighty, how many times that weight is increased when such a 
small portion of the time for service has been spent at it! And this thought becomes 
many times weightier when it is recalled that when health is at its best, when there is 
abundant physical strength and all moving along nicely, but a few of the multitudinous 
duties can be cared for! 

But the year has not been a fruitless one for His work in the jungles of the Dangs. 
While our Lord has chosen men as His agents to carry the Gospel to the ends of the 
earth, its actual progress and successes are wrought, not by men or by men's power, 
plans or strength, but by His Spirit. Had our souls not been filled with the faith and 
courage which the knowledge of the Spirit's power begets we should have desponded 
'utterly over this past year's efforts. But thanks and praise and glory to Him, we could thus cast down! 

We had the supreme joy of welcoming six precious souls into the church and after- 
wards of teaching them more perfectly of the Way, thus helping them to grow in 
grace. We also had the joy of securing a successor for our Bro. Kishan and his wife 
to act as teacher and pastor to the little band of believers at Chankal, which is nearly 
three miles from Ahwa. This brother and his wife went there at the beginning of the 
year. Their work was well received and they had gained the confidence and love of 
all in the village. The wife, Goabai, fell ill during the last days of May and died a 
few days afterwards. Her death was such a sad event and such a great loss, not only 
for the home, which was left without a mother, but for the little band of Christians 
and the entire village. No one has been found to take her place in that community. 
The husband became so discouraged that he refused to stay longer. Now there is no 
shepherd there. 

One building, to be used as living quarters and as a hospital, was erected and all 
the material that could be secured at the time collected for a school-building. This 
building is not yet constructed, but it is very urgently needed for a suitable place in 
which to have the regular seasons of public worship and for a place in which to con- 
duct the school work, which is having a steady growth. The school work has met the 
approval of government to such an extent as to receive a double grant in aid of it. 

Annual Report 55 

The divan of Dangs is greatly interested in the uplift of the people and renders all 
the help he can to promote education. Officers of the educational department of the 
government are eager to see the people he'ped out of their ignorance and supersti- 
tion. The assistant educational inspector, who makes a yearly inspection of the 
schools, is the officer who recommended the double grant and was largely responsible 
for its passage or acceptance by government. The grant for the year was Rupees 
422, or $141. This will pay the wage of two teachers for more than one year; i. e., 
it makes possible the starting of two additional schools. 

We are unable to get native Christian helpers, needed to carry on the evangelistic 
and educational work as rapidly as it should be. The opportunities are so many and 
so urgent, but they must be let go for the reason just given. Our own time and en- 
ergies are not sufficient for the duties which these two phases of missionary activity 
require in this promising field. 

Since there is no medical missionary for this field, it would be such a great help 
to have a native Christian doctor, but these are as few in number as medical mis- 
sionaries. We help, medically, all the people we can, but our hearts are so often sad- 
dened because we are compelled to send cases away that we have neither the knowl- 
edge nor means to treat. The Lord has blessed very greatly our humble efforts to re- 
lieve pain and suffering. This has been the means of touching hundreds of hearts 
and thus establishing friendship and confidence. 

The population of Dangs is almost entirely agricultural. When the season is on 
for their work, the people work early and late during the heavy rains as well as on 
days when the rain does not fall, but a large percentage do not secure enough even 
in the years of plenty to feed them through the year. Then they begin to borrow the 
food they must have to keep them alive until their next crop can be reaped. Thus they 
go on getting deeper and ever deeper in debt. To teach them how to get many times 
better returns for the same amount of labor now rendered, and on the same acreage 
is an imperative duty. This will be as fruitful a sphere in which to labor, for many 
years to come, as in the schoolroom, but we need one missionary who will devote all 
his time and talents to this work. It will be splendid missionary effort, and, done in 
His name and for His glory, will be one of the sure ways of establishing His kingdom 
among the very ignorant but trusting people of the Dangs. 

Brother and Sister Blough took charge of the work at Ahwa during April and June 
and have been there since Nov. 16. They have been rendering the same splendid 
service there that they render wherever they work. We are glad that the affairs of that 
needy field are in such faithful hands. Pray for them daily, and for us all, that we 
may render the most service possible. The work, the harvest, is so great, but the 
laborers so very few. 


We have never had so much change in our work as missionaries as we had during 
the year just closed. It was a great kindness on the part of the field committee to al- 
low us freedom from regular routine work for a part of the year. This has been 
greatly appreciated. The variety of work has been a blessing to me, giving me a 
better chance to regain my physical strength. We praise the Lord that He is gradu- 
ally restoring health, and while hard work still fatigues and special care needs to be 
exercised daily, yet I hope soon to be as well as ever, if it is His blessed will. 

The first three months of the year were spent largely is assisting in special meet- 
ings at six of our stations. During this time two short Bible terms were held, two 
churches were organized, two elders ordained, two ministers elected, eleven deacons 
elected, four love feasts held and seven council meetings attended. For two and a 
half weeks I enjoyed real tent life with Bro. Holsopple in Raj Pipla State. This was a 
very blessed experience in preaching the Gospel day and night from house to house 
and village to village. It was a great joy to see some baptized and some wanderers 
return to the fold. 


Annual Report 

The months of April and May we spent at Ahwa looking after the work of that 
station, while Bro. Pittenger took a much-needed rest at the hills. This experience 
was a real vacation to us, for the weather was for the most part quite pleasant, and 
the work also was pleasant. Early in April the annual Durbar was held here by the 
government, in which the Bhil chieftains receive their annual stipend. We held our 
love feast here at the same time. 

From June to November we lived at Bulsar and helped in the work there, look- 
ing after the church and her services. While Bro. Ross was away at the hills I tried 
to care for his work also. , In June a love feast was held, preceded by a week's meet- 
ings. During these months there were a number of committee meetings to attend, 
both inside and outside of the mission. About these we generally say very little, and 
yet some of our missionaries give a great deal of time and effort to the work of com- 

Work at Ahwa 

Bro. Pittenger's health failing, it became necessary for some one else to take up 
the work of this station. This is considered a Marathi station, but since no Marathi 
missionaries were available we Guja'ratis were sent here. Of course it is not ideal, 
but most of our workers here understand Gujarati, and so we manage to get along. 
We moved here Nov. 17, and so have had time only to become acquainted with the 
work and plan a bit for the new year. Our greatest difficulty is with the village peo- 
ple, for they do not understand us and we do not understand them very well. But 
we are here to learn. 

The work here has been nicely started. There is a church membership of fifty- 
three, of whom about half are from the Dangs, or from just outside the border. These 
are mostly engaged in farming. There are in all 315 villages and a population of near- 
ly 30,000, but among these we have only seven schools, and only 128 pupils in school. 
So there is a great field before us to occupy, but it is by no means an easy one. We 
depend on your earnest and faithful prayers to open the hearts of these people to re- 
ceive the Word as we teach it in the schools and preach it in the villages. And pray 
the Lord of the harvest that He' may send us converted, Spirit-filled Indian workers, 
to bring these to the feet of Christ. 


The year 1917 was one of varied experiences for me. T.he first three months were 
spent in the regular work with the Christian women at Bulsar. Our Aid Society did 

(Continued on Page 90) 




Ahwa, H1904 1000 

Anklesvar JJ1899 

Bulsar, ||1894| * | 

Dahanu, ||1902 

Jalalpor, ||1899 

Vada, ||1906 

Vali, ||1905 

Vyara, , H1905 

Totals, II J 

*Not reported. 











100| 315|| II II 
100 1 196|| 1 1 
I * II 3| 3| 

Indian Staff 

881 504|| 1 

331|| 1 

150|| 1 

* li 3 

362|| 1 


I 2 

4|| l| 5 

811 2| 

3 1|.. 

4|| 1 
3|| 2 

1 5 1 17 
15 10 1 . . 32 

13 1 4| 2| 7| 30 


H858||12|10| 9|31|| 6|22|102|27|32|15|204 

Annual Report 



















CO w 


sd •_£ 




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0/ o 























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H ■ 


11... 1 6 

61 52 1 61 8 
52 [ 476|...[ 53 

71 53] 60 | 6 
19[ 510|300|20 


Rs. 51-13-9 




Va*da, . . 
Vali, . . . 

Vyara II 1 

I H 1 

• 3 

• 1 
2 7 

• 9 





45| 520 

194 1 100 1 1 



325- - 

471 151 9| 2371 

60- - | 


48 29(10 


92- 2- 1 

114- 9-3 

281 271 8 



25- - 

184 * 1 6 

* 1 




564 1 

265- - | 

141- - 

Grand Totals 

!l 9| 3|30|148|1444jl30|316|128|1628|800|76|2125|Rs.l055- 9- |Rs. 

♦Not reported. 

'♦Included in Church Contributions. 





.5 IS 


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O 55 

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Bulsar, . . 
Vada, . . . 
Vali, .... 
Vyara, . . 


1 ... 
51 2 

3|..|.. . 

■I 7 I 119 
.24 290 

| 8| 288 



150| 55 1 

91 1 
55 2 
75 3| 

121 41 16|Rs.30|..| 7| 1281 
43|19| 62 1 
621351 97| 
10 . . I 10 

59|20| 24 
80|12| 11 

3 1 


75 1 30 1 105 










|15| 6| 2| 5|..|..| 5|..|99|1869|289|10|235|89|324| 


♦Not Reported. 









































































(53 55 






II •• 





♦ I 


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Sf>f> f>rs rnttrplls' Rpnorf 1 



See Dr. Niekey's Former Rep.| 






| | 








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Rs.l28fRs. 44 




741 1 366 I 







|..]..| 1 | 1 i 

Grand Totals 

♦Not Reported. 


54 168 1 2904 1 2982 1 7725 1 13409 


Annual Report 




Anklesvar Girls' Schoo 



Bulsar Girls' School — 




Vali, ■ 

Vyara, . . , 

Vyara Gills' School..., 









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o i o 




o | A 



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0| 9| 








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11 10 5 






78| 63 




15| 10| 7| 5 i 



3 : 

52 1 6 




11| 10 7| 2 







11| .... 





.1 1 


6 6 5 

3 • 



561 6 



191 31 101 7| 5 






75 ... . 



.... 21 22 1 9| 10 



2| 1! II 

31 31 



1 111 12 

36| 11| 5| 487| 136| 

322| 161| 92 1 93 1 52 1 29 1 14 1 12| 



Jalalpor. . 


Dahanu. . . 





Rudha. . . . 








































8|| 323 

6 1| 187 

48|| 150 

2 1| 139 

Classification of Pupils 

Totals | 79 1 6? | 14|1738|216| 81|jl032|255[143| 72| 20| 4|...|. 














03 ; 




















































Name of Station 





































* 2 

-o d 
















03 « ® 




















fe§ S 












395| 273 

1 47 













1 88 
















5 R 

49 78 

22 86 





' 1 















































5 3 

5 4 






























5 12 

I 4 















|2217|1608|187|1283|850|45|25|62|45|650|485| 2| 7| 2| 5 


Annual Report 59 

Liao Chou 


Evangelistic Report at Liao Hsien 

On Jan. 1 we were assigned the supervision of the evangelistic work. We had had 
a little more than two years of language work and so were able to communicate with 
the Chinese in some things. 

We have tried to conduct the work to the best of our limited ability. About twice 
per month, when we were not out on our summer vacation, we with some of our 
Christian teachers and schoolboys went out to villages to sing gospel songs and to tell 
the people of a Savior. During the Chinese New Year season we had several special 
meetings somewhat of an entertaining order, with phonograph, reflectoscope, and 
not least, gospel songs and preaching. 

In May, when we had our Chinese annual meeting for the Chinese, ten souls ac- 
cepted Christ through baptism. This summer we spent our vacation at the coast. 
Since our return we have been trying to get our work better organized so as to ac- 
complish more for our Lord in bringing the Gospel to these needy souls. We spent 
a number of days at our out-stations, encouraging and teaching our Christian workers, 
and also in teaching inquirers who wish to learn the Christian doctrine. 

We feel that we have accomplished but little during the past year. Pray for us, 
that during the coming year we may be able to glorify our Master's name by bringing 
the saving light into many of these darkened hearts. Yours in His service for souls. 

Medical Report of 1917 

The administration building of our hospital is now under roof and we are hoping that 
this building will be completed in the summer of 1918. This will give us room for 
some twenty beds for men and ten or fifteen for women, in addition to offices, chapels, 
dispensing rooms, drug room, operating room, etc. On account of poor exchange in 
money we are not planning to erect any ward pavilions at this time. We are very 
sorry that the Martha J. Martin Memorial Ward, the money for which is already in 
the hands of the General Mission Board, can not be erected now. We shall need some 
wards, but rather than build under such conditions in money exchange we shall 
" crowd up " and use every available space in the administration building. 

We are glad, indeed, that Myrtle R. Pollock, R. N., has been located at Liao Chou 
and will become a member of our staff next spring when she comes to Liao, from 
Peking, where she is now in language study. Our staff will also be increased next 
spring by the coming of our medical student, who expects to graduate at the Union 
Medical College at Peking. Mr. Yuan has been a faithful student, and we are sure he 
will be a faithful assistant in our work. Mrs. Yuan is in Liao now, teaching in the 
girls' school. 

The work was very badly broken into this year on account of Dr. Brubaker hav- 
ing an attack of appendicitis in February, the operation that followed at Peking in 
April, and the prolonged rest at Pei Tai Ho and at the hill south of Liao. The 
medical work practically stopped for five months. We are thankful to Dr. Hemming- 
way, of Tai Ku, and Dr. Wampler, who came to our assistance in February, and are 
very glad we had a fine up-to-date hospital in Peking to which we could go. We are 
very thankful, also, to Dr. Wampler and Miss Rider, who went with us to Peking 
and saw us through the worst of the battle, but our best thanks go to our Father, 
Who has seen fit to save us for further service. • 

During the months that the hospital has been open we have been kept rather 

60 Annual Report 

busy and have had some very interesting and trying cases. We are not in the war 
zone, but we have had a number of gunshot wounds to treat during the year. The 
Chinese have a way of loading a piece of crude iron pipe with powder and iron bullets. 
They put this trap in among the bushes on the side of the mountains, and then fasten 
a string to it in such a way that when a wild beast comes to get the " bait " he is 
supposed to trip up on the string and thus gets shot. Men walking around on the 
mountains come in contact with these guns and receive very ugly wounds. These 
wounds are nearly always badly infected and require a lot of time and patience to clean 
them up. There is a gunshot wound case in the hospital at this time. The victim 
comes from Yu She, thirty miles west of Liao. 

We have been compelled to turn a number of women patients away because we 
have no fit place to care for them. 

Pray for the medical work at Liao, that His Name may be glorified in relieving 
the sick and suffering about us, and that many may learn to know Him as their Savior. 

Women's Work, 1917 

This year the work among the women at Liao Chou has had its hindrances, though 
there have been blessings. 

The writer, who has had charge of this department of our work, being appointed 
substitute for Sister Cripe in the Girls' School, could do but little in the women's 
department except to oversee it in a general way and' help some in the public meetings. 
We have, however, had two Chinese Christian women giving part of their time to the 
work, mainly in keeping up the reading among the women. There have been an 
average of twenty women reading throughout the year. This feature of our work we 
consider very important, so that our women, in time, may have the Bible at" first hand, 
which will best give them a stable foundation for Christian living. 

Soon after Sister Cripe's leaving, Sister Senger returned to Liao from Peking. 
Though her main time must still be given to language study, she has given some valu- 
able help among the women in our public meetings, and recently has been helping 
several women with their reading, all of which must be done individually by going 
to their homes. And just this individual teaching, because of 'generations of ignorance, 
is what makes the work among the women so slow and difficult. As one lecturer, in 
speaking of the ignorance of the Chinese women, expressed it: " They don't know any- 
thing, never did know anything, and never will know anything, but it is up to you 
women to teach them." 

Apart from the reading, visiting and teaching in their homes, our only method of 
reaching the majority of the women has had to be dispensed with almost entirely 
this year. This has been a constant regret to us, and we trust that ere long we may 
have sufficient workers to substitute for those on furlough, so that workers need not 
be taken from one needy place to substitute in another. 

Until near the close of the year Sister Minnie Bright taught our Sunday-school 
class of women and Sister Cora Brubaker taught a class of girls. 

In the early spring two more women were baptized and two scho'olgirls, making 
fifteen girls and women who have been baptized since our work began at Liao Chou, 
though four have moved away and one has gone home to Jesus. 

At the Christmas season our sisters contributed of their mite toward helping the 
poor, and several of them assisted nobly in canvassing the city to find the most needy. 
They also on Christmas Day helped to tell the Gospel Story in verse and song. We 
rejoice at every mark of growth in the Christ Spirit and every sign of progress in 
faith and Christian living. 

We should not fail to mention that Sister Senger was enabled to take several 
trips to our out-stations and other villages during the fall months. 

Annual Report 61 

The Liao Girls' School 

In the early part of the year Sister Cripe was still with us and had charge of the 
school. At the beginning of March, however, the writer took the responsibility of 
the work, being assisted by Sister Cripe until her leaving, March 28. Our Chinese 
lady teacher, Miss Kao, who had been with us nearly two years, had left in February, 
and not being able to secure another one at that time, the writer was kept unusually 
busy during the spring months, being a new hand at that line of the work. For 
teaching school in China is not like teaching in America. 

The girls, however, did not give us much trouble, and we enjoyed the work and 
learned to love these girls, who are just as dear, in their way, as our American lassies. 
They even appeal to one in a special way, as they seem hungering " for a little bit of 

We closed our spring session of school June 9 and opened the fall session Sept. 
7. We were still without a Chinese lady teacher nearly two months, as Mrs. Yuan, 
our promised teacher, could not come in from Peking on account of the railroad being 
washed out. However, she arrived Oct. 18 and has proved of valuable assistance 
since. She is a good teacher, and her beautiful, modest Christian life is a daily whole- 
some example to the girls. They were much touched on hearing her story of their 
family experiences during the Boxer Rebellion, and how her own mother and grand- 
father had died for their faith. 

During these three and a half years since the opening of the Girls' School at 
Liao Chou five girls have been baptized, two more are to be soon, and four have 
given in their names as desiring to come into the church as soon as they are old 
enough and know sufficient. Thus they are being true to their motto, " Every Girl 
a Christian." We regret to say one girl had to be dismissed for bad conduct. This is 
unusual. For the most part they are obedient and diligent in their work, though they 
have their little faults and weaknesses, as have all children. Sometimes it is touching 
to see how their little hearts are open to the truth, and how quickly they learn the 
Bible stories and teaching. This is in striking contrast to the slowness of most of 
the women in learning. We feel our girls' schools in China are well worth while in 
developing Christian womanhood and training true home makers, China's great need. 

The cleaning of their rooms, the dining room and the schoolroom is all done by 
themselves; also the mending and making of their clothes where they are old enough, 
and each week the older girls are given some experience in cooking. But in all our 
teaching the one paramount object kept in view is the building up of Christian woman- 

As the Christmas season approached, the spirit of the season abounded as the 
girls prepared their parts on the Christmas program and planned and prepared gifts 
for the poor children of the city. W T e think that some of the joy which the world 
does not give filled their hearts when one little girl said, " Christmas is the happiest 
day of the year, isn't it? " Long before the break of day we were aroused by their 
smging just under our window, " While Shepherds Watched Their Flocks by Night." 

Boys' School 

The year 1917 will be remembered in the history of " Yu Hsien Hsueh Hsia " for 
various reasons in the minds of those connected with it. A few that have impressed 
the writer are mentioned here. 

During the spring term ninety were enrolled, practically filling our new building. 
This is one indication that we can make the requirements for admission more strin- 

A fourth teacher was added at the beginning of the year. Mr. Chao is a graduate 
of the academy at Tai Ku Hsien and is doing good work. This is the first year in 
which all the grades are represented in both the lower and higher primary school. 

62 Annual Report 

The school had the privilege of entertaining nine of the " Hsin Min Hsueh T'ang " 
of Ping Ting Chou at our regular spring conference, which was held at Liao Chou 
May 17-20. Many of the larger boys took an active interest in the discussion, and 
helped in the devotional part by rendering a few songs. At this time six more of the 
boys were baptized. Th,ere are fourteen of the boys who have accepted Christ. Nine 
of these are pupil-teachers in the Sunday-school. 

As yet we do not have any definite industrial work, but the boys were given 
many opportunities to work in our homes, and in raising vegetables, and carrying 
water, etc. Our teachers from other mission schools help in many ways to dignify 
labor, where for generations it has been regarded as " suffering bitterness." 

The heavy rains of the summer, running late into the autumn, caused the attend- 
ance to be short the forepart of the fall term, but from the last of October sixty-seven 
were in attendance. 

As the Chinese have theatricals to their gods in thanksgiving for their harvest, 
we sought to use our national Thanksgiving Day as a day for giving thanks to the only 
true God for the bountiful harvest here this year. We, both foreigners and natives, 
ate a Thanksgiving dinner in the dining room in the basement of the Boys' School. 
To help vivify the occasion the rooms were arranged with clusters of fruits from 
field and garden, forest and orchard. The words, " Give Thanks," were arranged by 
placing ears of corn on a framework of fodder and pine branches, corn being the 
staple crop of America. And millet heads — millet being the staple crop of this part of 
China — were arranged into the Chinese word, " Hsieh," which means thanks. 

The Christmas program was entirely original with the teachers and pupils. To 
this program the county official and the government teachers and pupils were invited. 
The Christmas story was retold in song and recitation, and some of the vital issues 
of Chinese life were amplified by the program. The effort reveals possibilities that may 
be realized with proper training, and they give us courage and hope for the future. 
The progress of Christianity will largely depend upon the trained native force properly 

The out-station schools are making a good start and will be the feeders for our 
central higher primary schools, There are forty regular attendants in our three out- 
station schools from an enrollment of over fifty. 

Again on early Christmas morning were we awakened from our slumbers by hear- 
ing the old story of Jesus' coming, in song sung by a band of schoolboys. And, 
though the night was bitter cold, each home heard again the message that had brought 
joy to their hearts. And again, on the first day of 1918, we were greeted with a 
" Happy New Year " in English and a song by the entire school — a greeting we hope, 
in a little measure at least, to reflect to all we meet every day of the new year. 

Ping Ting Hsien 

Medical Work for 1917 

We were absent from the station this year much more than other years since the 
medical work was opened, due largely to its being the year for our interfurlough va- 
cation at the coast. The seven weeks of our vacation and the two weeks previous, 
the hospitals and dispensaries were as nearly closed as we could get them. In ad- 
dition to this I was absent from the work during Dr. Brubaker's sickness and opera- 
tion, and at several other times, making altogether about two months. Miss Rider and 
the Chinese nurses looked after the patients who came during my absence. 

Opium refuge work in connection with the regular hospital work had become so 
unsatisfactory that we closed that branch of the service during the year. Before clos- 
ing this, eighteen patients had been treated for the opium habit. 

The patients in the hospital during the year represented three provinces, and there 
were five provinces represented in the dispensary ©alls. The larger area thus repre- 

Annual Report 63 

sented is partially due to the habit the Chinese men have of going a long way from 
home to engage in business. 

The gifts, fees, and money collected for medicines were greater this year than 
during any previous year. The total of such collections was more than $650. In 
addition to this the patients paid for their own board and paid the cook for making 
their food. If this were added to the above collections, it would bring the receipts 
up to about $1,000, Mex. 

During the summer an opium refuge was opened at Yii Hsien, an out-station about 
thirty-five miles north of Ping Ting. This refuge has been very popular with the 
Chinese and quite a number of people have taken the treatment there. It has made 
quite an opening, which should be followed up by evangelistic work. 

Because of the unfavorable exchange there was nothing done in the way of build- 
ing for the hospital during the year excepting to erect a small structwre which will be 
used for contagious wards in the future hospital plan. This building, together with 
what was constructed last year, is now being used for the men's hospital and dis- 
pensary work. We are thankful for the large, spacious yard which we have and hope 
that the time will come when we will be able to put up more satisfactory buildings for 
the medical work. 

A great deal of the work we have done during the year would have been impos- 
sible without the assistance of the two Chinese nurses. These nurses are graduates 
of four-year training courses and are well equipped for their duties. Miss Rider's 
time has been largely given to language study, but she has been of great help in the 
heavier operative cases, on the cases where special nursing was needed, and in counsel 
and advice regarding the care of the hospital and dispensary rooms. 

With the exception of several cases of diarrhea and dysentery, the health of the 
foreign community of the station has been very good. Henry King Oberholtzer was 
born Nov. 13, and is growing nicely, much to the satisfaction of all. 

In addition to the work with our own people we have assisted professionally a 
number of other missionaries. On the 6th of April there was born at Ping Ting 
Chou, to Rev. and Mrs. Bjertnis, of the Norwegian Mission, in West Shansi, a 


Men's Evangelistic Work. I. Opportunity for the Outside to Hear 

1. The year began in a very healthy way by an organized movement on the part 
of the church. Groups were organized, and went to the near-by villages to preach and 
distribute literature. This was done daily for one week. Here was manifested the 
life of the members. 

2. In the early summer Ting Li Mei came with a wonderful evangelistic and Spirit- 
filled message. This he gave freely for four days. Many of the Christians were moved 
as they had never been moved before, and many on the outside were attracted to the 
Gospel and not a few enrolled as inquirers. 

3. The street chapel work has meant more this year than ever before. Several 
business men have been rather regular in their attendance at the evening meetings 
here, most of which were conducted by H. C. Yin. The newspapers and magazines 
have been very helpful attractions. 

4. In the latter part of the year we were glad to have our part in the reform 
movements at work, especially that of footbinding. Here we were with the official 
and teacher class and our opportunity to influence was not small. 

II. Means of Help for Christians as Well as Others 

1. Our regular Sunday preaching services, which were only fairly well attended. 

2. The Sunday-school, which was well attended and showed a good interest through- 
out the year. An average attendance of near the 200 mark was kept up. A teachers' 
class was maintained most of the year. 

64 Annual Report 

3. Our regular weekly prayer meetings, which are very well attended for the 
amount of interest apparent among the leaders. As in home prayer meetings, thus 
it is here, the interest often lags. 

4. At the Special Week of Prayer in January, when all the church world is at 
prayer, we joined them. This was unusually enthusiastically attended, for the topics 
were world-wide and usually ably led. 

5. The special Bible class for inquirers was made of such a nature that the pro- 
miscuous audience could well afford to attend. At the night sessions the audiences 
were large. 

III. Organization 

1. During the year Bro. E. D. Vaniman was ordained as an elder and Bro. H. C. 
Yin was chosen* to the ministry by the church. He is our first Chinese resident 

2. An attempt at better organization for the church was also made. This brings 
the Chinese into the work of management moVe and they seem to appreciate it very 
much. This, however, is not completed and needs much thought and care. 

IV. Out-Stations 

1. Though no new out-stations were opened, there was a lot of other work done at 
other places than where we have regularly organized out-station work. Some itin- 
erating was done from the central station and some from each of the out-stations. 
Gospel and tract distribution has been carried on in the same way. 

2. Our work at Yii Hsien has been presided over and directed by Jung Tsoa, who 
has done it very well and has attracted a good many people to the place. There was 

» one applicant for baptism from here. 

3. At Luan Liu Mr. Lu has been in charge most of the year, and though a rather 
quiet man has helped several to a closer walk. From here came five applicants for 
baptism this year. 

4. Soa Fang has been led by Chao Ch'eng Ling, who has been a bit discouraged 
' but seems to be reviving in spirit of late. One applicant for baptism from here. 

5. Le P'ing has been a bit quiet this year. Mr. Chao is in charge and the work 
is picking up, though at the beginning of the year conditions were not as we would 

6. At Kao Lao the work has been substantial and the interest has been gradually 

V. Signs of Healthy Growth 

1. The church has undertaken the support of two of their number in Special Bible 
Training School at Hung Tung, Shansi. 

2. Collections from time to time: (a) To help the flood sufferers in Chihli. (b) 
To help the poor locally, especially shown at Christmas times. 

3. The additional of fifteen new members by confession and baptism in December. 

VI. Thankfulness and Further Needs 

1. We are glad for the Father's care in leading all the church; glad for the open 
way in which we are received practically everywhere we go. 

2. We need more men to help, both foreign and Chinese. We need a closer walk 
with God by all engaged in His work. We need men with a greater vision of the 
unsaved world. All of us in this department need to have- the Lord lay upon us 
heavily that we are really the " salt " to the unsalted. We need more time for prayer 
and Bible study. 

Above all, we are glad for what the Lord is doing, and pray for His work to con- 
tinue, and may we have a part in it in this part of China. 

Annual Report 65 

Ping Ting Girls' School 

More girls were under the influence of rne school in 1917 than during any previous 
year. Forty names stand on the roll, though the highest number in school at any 
given time has 1 been thirty-one. There are varied reasons for a girl discontinuing 
her work. For instance, one girl decided school work took too close application; 
another thought she could learn more from her grandfather at home; another changed 
schools for the government school; one staid home because the family was too poor 
to support her, etc. On the other hand there are those who have good motives for 
entering school, for they have heard it has a good reputation and want to come here. 
There are those who are really desirous of having an education, and are applying 
themselves in a commendable way to get it. Besides those coming from the city 
and surrounding country here, we have six girls whose parents or brothers are in the 
railroad employ and whose homes are in Peking, Tientsin or some other outside city. 
They are people whose means would be ample to send them to school in some larger 
city, and yet who have chosen to come here. They are splendid girls and a help to the 

At the opening of the year the school was still in charge of Sister Metzger until 
her leaving for the homeland in April, since which time it has been my privilege to be 
in the school. The teachers are Mrs. Wang, Miss Fan and Mr. Shang. Our most ad- 
vanced class is now in the sixth grade. Two evenings a week we have sewing class- 
es for the girls. 

When we occasionally find the girls grouped together in prayer, or find a closed 
door because some one has sought the Lord alone, or perhaps there is another group 
who have gathered in a room to learn hymns that they might be able to sing for the 
home folks at holiday time, our hearts rejoice that they are truly seeking fellowship 
with the One True God. We rejoice still more when we realize that this One is 
being glorified in their lives. One girl who had just come in remarked that wherever 
she had been before there was only quarreling and cursing, but here she did not hear 
any of it, and the girls were loving and kind. Her own life showed marked signs 
of improvement in a short time from a bad temper to kindness. 

Shu Chih came one day, saying, " I told you a lie yesterday." She then confessed 
her lie and was sorry for it. One can appreciate this conviction of heart better when 
they know how sorely these people are tried by this sin. It is pleasing to know that 
the Holy Spirit prevails over custom. May each one be thus guided in all their words 
and actions. 

Women's Work in the Country 

Not a great deal can be said by way of accomplishment this year among the 
country women, since for the greater part of the year our time was occupied with 
school duties. All the out-stations except one were visited in behalf of the women. 
On the first day of the year, at a Christian gathering at Luan Liu, where I went in 
company with Sister Metzger, we taught in some of the homes near the chapel. Soa 
Feng, five miles south, was visited in February. Two visits of a week each were made 
to Le Ping and surrounding country. In April Sister Vaniman and I spent a day at 
Yu Hsien, a day's journey north. We found a response in several homes there. 
Later in the year Sister Horning opened an opium refuge for a month, during which 
time ten women broke off the drug habit. Calls came from other places that we 
should go and teach, thus making a total of seventeen towns and villages. 

Of the hospital patients, not a few have been from some distant village. Some 
have manifested a deep interest in the Gospel while here and went back to their 
homes telling others of the Good News. Until we shall be able to give more time to 
this work we believe God will bless the seed already sown, that it may grow unto 
fruit-bearing. The field is vast and white unto the harvest. How we long to see them 
redeemed by the precious blood of Christ! 

66 Annual Report 

Woman's Work in Ping Ting City 

" God did anoint thee with his odorous oil 
To wrestle, not to reign." 

It is indeed a great privilege to work with these needy women of China. They 
are beginning to show signs of life already, and if given half a chance will make a 
wonderful nation of mothers and daughters. 

The work in this city has shown some advance this year, especially in that of 
centralization. We are making the homes of the inquirers and Christians in the 
various parts of the city the centers from which to work the different parts of the city. 
We go to these centers and invite the neighbors in for various kinds of services. 
During the fall evenings we showed them reflectoscope pictures of the life of Christ 
and other pictures, thus teaching them the Gospel with the pictures. During the holi- 
days we gave them Christmas services at the different centers. Some of the school- 
children went along each time and sang for them. At the end of each service we 
gave them candy, dates, cards and other pictures which the churches and Sunday- 
schools at home sent for them. The grown people were as eager for them as the 

Four station classes were held for the women this year. A month was given to the 
advanced class both fall and spring. The second class had a term in the fall and 
spring also of two weeks each. Some twenty women attended these classes. These 
women continue studying throughout the year once a week, meeting each Thursday 
before the 'devotional meetings. 

Mrs. Chang, whom we sent to Bible school last year, is doing good work as a Bible 
woman this year. She is able to go out in the homes alone and teach. This year we 
have two other women in Bible school who we hope wi.J do good work in the future. 

Boys' School, 1917 

Education Is Learning to Live 

During the first month of the year all the students were busy with final exami- 
nations, and the first graduating class was making preparations for the coming great 
event. You may think it strange that we should be having commencement this time 
of year. Thus far our schools have been following the old Chinese custom of closing 
the school year with the Chinese New Year, which usually comes in our February, 
or last of January. 

As this was the first class to finish the higher primary or eighth grade, there was 
quite a stir. Each of the five graduates was to have a part in the program, and the 
school had a representative to express the regrets of the school in being deprived 
of their helpful influence and to wish them success in their future endeavors. We 
had asked Mr. Feng, principal of the government school, at Ping Ting, to give the 
address of the day. He did very well, indeed, encouraging them to continue faithful 
in Bible study and to be true to the church. The graduates performed their part well, 
bowing low to those on the platform and to the audience on coming onto the plat- 
form as well as on leaving it. The Chinese are very polite. This was a gala day, 
Jan. 15, 1917. All were dressed in their " Sunday best," and the honored ones were 
decked with large white paper flowers. This was probably the most important event 
of the year for the students. 

This event was followed by the customary three weeks of vacation, as it is very 
hard to get the students back to school till after the Feast of Lanterns on the 15th 
of their first mouth. Near the close of this period I accompanied two of the graduates 
to Tai Ku, where they entered the high school. This was the first time one of them had 
been away from home, and the other one but a few times. When I left them to return* 

Annual Report 67 

the home ties pulled hard and the tears started. God bless the home tiesl They 
entered the preparatory class, to be ready for the first year of high-school work which 
began in September following. The other three were employed as teachers at our 
out-stations, with the promise of help in the high school later. One of these was sent 
by the Ping Ting church to the Hung Tung Bible school last September. He is doing 
well in the school. We are strengthening our course of study and plan next year to 
close our school in June to correspond with the time of other mission schools. The 
last half of the year 1917 we separated the higher primary sixth, seventh and eighth 
grades, from lower primary first to fifth, inclusive. Our school is gradually becoming 
graded somewhat like our schools at home. 

Since September, 1917, the higher primary pupils have one hour a day at manual 
work in weaving cloth. The three looms and thread reels are kept humming a part 
of every day. We want to begin some carpentry work, but have no room for it as the 
weaving takes up all the space in the manual training rooms. All pupils help in the 
sweeping, and the twenty orphan boys are assigned definite work, as carrying water, 
washing dishes, making fires, etc., to occupy not more than one hour's time a day. 

'phe boys play, work and eat heartily. They are like most boys, in that they run 
a little faster when the dinner bell rings than when the study bell rings. There has 
been no serious sickness in the school during the year. 

Several of our orphan boys, true to boy nature, have felt the call of independence 
and want to get away from restraint. One, San Lai Fa, who was rather dull in his 
studies, ran away. We heard later that he was with his relatives and friends at An 
Huei. Three of our boys went home during the summer; one, Yuan Shao Cheng, 
failing to return. He is also with relatives in An Huei. During the fall of 1917 Wong 
Chih and Wong Ta Nien began supporting themselves. We want to keep them in 
school as long as possible, but do not compel' them. 

The real religious life of the school is growing. Under the direction of two of the 
teachers a Y. M. C. A. has been organized, and they have their own Bible study 
each evening and their prayer meeting each Sunday evening. Two of the boys were 
baptized Dec. 23. They have organized also a literary society, which meets each 
Saturday evening. They have some very interesting programs. 

Below are the statistics of the station and out-station schools for the year. Pray 
that our schools may be the means of helping many to live life more abundantly. 

Enrollment Teachers Graduates 

Le Ping Boys' School, 17 2 

Kao Lao Boys' School, 14 1 

Luan Liu Boys' School, 17 1 

Yu Hsien Boys' School 12 1 

Ping Ting Boys' School, 100 6 5 

Number of orphans added to the orphanage 1 

Number of orphans left the orphanage, 5 

Number of orphans at present, 20 

Note.— We regret very much that the tables of statistics and pictures to accompany China's 
report have not arrived at the time of our going to press. 

68 Annual Report 


1. World-Wide Fund 

Receipts — 

Donations reported in Visitor, etc., $ 69,643 92 ♦ 

Income from endowment and real estate, 50,236 98 

Interest on Brethren Pub. House, Investment, ' 6,295 20 

Pub. House earnings of 1916-1917, ■ 4,507 65 

Interest on bank account, 640 59 

Missionary education, 22 87 

Mission annuities, 2,500 00 $133,847 21 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year $ 1,772 83 

Annual Meeting Committees, Account No. 20, 125 63 

Annuities on Endowment Funds, 35,597 45 

Publications, Account No. 21, 10,341 10 

General Expense, Account No. 22, 8,641 71 

District Mission Work, Account No. 23, 5,020 00 

Sweden Mission, Account No. 4, 5,097 34 

Denmark Mission, Account No. 5, 2,070 35 

India Mission, Account No. 2, 37,999 55 

China Mission, Account No. 3, 22,219 58 

Miscellaneous, Transfers, etc., : 278 01 $129,163 55 

Balance to New Year, $ 4,683 66 

2. India Fund 

Receipts — 

Balances from various India accounts last year, $ 6,976 14 

Donations reported in the Visitor, $ 2,461 46 

Interest on endowment, 235 74 

Special supports of workers, Account No. 12, 11,208 75 

Transmission to missionaries, Account No. 14, 1,516 09 

Native Schools, reported in Visitor, 28 50 

Missionary Children's School, Receipt 10313, 13 25 

Industrial, reported in Visitor, 25 92 

Quinter Hospital Furnishings, reported in Visitor, 257 00 

Dahanu Hospital, reported in Visitor, Receipt 10346, 1,880 21 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, reported in Visitor, 6,548 11 

Hospital, reported in Visitor and transfers, 1,360 35 

Widows' Home, reported in Visitor, 97 25 

Boarding Schools, reported in Visitor, 1,774 27 

Boarding School Buildings, Receipt 9883, 100 00 

Orphanage and Training School, reported in Visitor 2,960 68 

Native Workers, Account No. 13, 4,123 38 

Refunds on fares, and supports, 468 32 

From World-Wide Fund to balance, 37,999 55 $ 73,058 83 

Expenditures — 

General Missions, $ 12,781 65 

Railroad and steamer fares, outfits, voyage expense, fur- 
loughs, etc 3,897 20 

Medical service, rents for workers, 440 70 

Medical Magazines for doctors, 100 00 

Medical work, 3,900 00 

Furloughs, 1,169 00 

Vacations, 1,100 00 

Bible Teachers' Training School, 1,000 00 

Publishing work, 320 00 

Wells, 325 00 

$ 80,034 97 

Annual Report 69 

Village Churchhouee, $ 400 00 

Servants and Native Quarters, 2,425 00 

Permanent Building repairs, 500 00 

Teachers' Quarters, .' 132 50 

Dispensary and Granary, 167 50 

Bungalows, 900 00 

Wankel Boarding School 800 00 

Language School, 300 00 

Vali Boarding School 600 00 

Ahwa Boarding School Buildings, 100 00 

Vyara Boarding School Buildings, 200 00 

Dahanu Girls' Boarding School, 1,000 00 

Anklesvar Churchhouse, 1,500 00 

Land General, 500 00 

Anklesvar Girls' Boarding School, 150 00 

Supports of Workers, 14,133 66 

Native Schools 28 50 

Industrial Work, 400 '00 

Dahanu Hospital, 1,750 00 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, 1,250 00 

India Churchhouse, 61 08 

Widows' Home, 600 00 

Vyara Boarding School, 4,429 05 

Orphanage and Training Department, 3,875 00 

Transmission to Workers, 1,516 09 

Native Workers, 3,689 85 $ 66,441 78 

Balances to New Year — 

Missionary Children's School, $ 23 25 

Quinter Hospital Furnishings, 262 00 

Dahanu Hospital, 961 97 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, 7,828 24 

India Hospital 232 25 

Boarding School Buildings, 100 00 

Orphanage and Training Department, 2,479 32 

Native Workers, . ._ 1,706 16 $ 13,593 19 

$ 80,034 97 

3. China Fund 

Receipts — 

Balances from various China accounts last year $ 2,285 18 

Donations reported in Visitor, $ 2,508 15 

Interest on endowment 76 70 

Special spports of workers, Account No. 12, . . . .* 8,011 73 

Refunds on voyage expenses, etc. 1,119 21 

Orphanage, reported in Visitor, 905 71 • 

Crumpacker House, Ping Ting, Receipt 9549, 200 00 

Hospital, reported in Visitor, 1,549 21 

Liao Girls' School Building, reported in Visitor and Int., . . 178 97 

Ping Ting Hospital, Account No. 18, 1,515 29 

Liao Chou Hospital, Account No. 19 1,378 85 

Boys' School, reported in Visitor, 158 05 

Girls' School, reported in Visitor, 318 34 

Transmission to workers, Account No. 16, 339 04 

Native Workers, Account No. 15, 1,883 84 

From World-Wide to Balance, 22,219 58 $ 42,362 67 

Expenditures — 

General Missions $ 2,025 00 

Supports of Workers, 12,296 78 

Furloughs, outfits, trav. expenses, etc., of workers, 7,362 85 

Sundry expense and equipment, 118 66 

House rent and repairs, 685 00 

Language teachers, 815 00 

$ 44,647 85 

70 Annual Report 

Books, tracts, miscellaneous, .$ 365 00 

Agency hire, 337 50 

Vacations, 190 00 

Peking Langu ige School, 940 00 

Women's work, 137 50 

Res dence Liao Chou, 1,000 00 

Physician's residence, Ting, 1,C00 00 

Fire proof safes and heavy fjrn t ire 525 00 

Furnaces for houses and school, 375 00 

School work, Gc neral 793 00 

Med. general, and medical service for worker, 413 00 

Extra expense to offset low exchange, 1,300 00 

Hospital transfer, 411 78 

Fing Ting Hospital Bu : lding, 1 811 92 

Ping Ting Medical allowance, 609 35 

Liao Chou Hospital Building, 1,559 31 

Liao Chou Medical allowance, 490 52 

Boys' School, 2,825 00 

Girls' School, ., 700 00 

Transmission to workers, 339 04 

Native Workers, 1,537 50 $ 40,963 71 

Balances to New Year — 

South China Mission, $ 363 02 

Crumpacker House, Ping Ting, 200 00 , 

Hospital, 3,647 05 

Liao Girls' School Building, 2,700 37 

Native Workers, 736 54 

Ping Ting Hospital, $ 2,663 07 

Hicl Hamilton Hospital, 1,299 77 $ 3,684 14 

$ 44,647 85 

4. Sweden Fund 

Receipts — 

Donations, reported in Visitor, $ 49 22 

Transmission amounts for poor, Account No. 17, 170 00 

Swedish Relief Work, reported in Visitor, 529 14 

Sweden Churchhouse balance and reported in Visitor, .... 67 50 

Special supports, Account No. 12, 600 00 

From World-Wide to balance, 5,097 34 $ 6,513 20 

Expenditures — 

Support of District Work* .$ 3,946 56 

Transmission amounts for poor and relief, '. 488 98 

Support of workers, taxes, rent, etc., 1,800 00 $ 6,235 54 

Balances — 

Churchhouse, "". $ 67 50 

Relief funds to be forwarded, 210 16 $ 277 66 

5. Denmark Mission 

Receipts — 

Donations, reported in Visitor, $ 15 00 

Transmission for poor, Receipt 9517, 5 00 

Support of workers, Account No. 12, 150 00 

From World-Wide to balance, 2,070 35 $ 2,240 35 

Expenditures — 

Support of District Work, $ 1,425 93 

Travelling expense, 239 42 

Support of workers, 575 00 $ 2,240 35 

$ 6,513 20 

Annual Report 71 

6. Church Extension 

Receipts- THE FUND 

Balance from old year, . . $ 11,511 06 

Donations reported in Visitor, 77 78 $ 11,588 84 

Balance to new year, $ 11,588 84 

Bills Receivable 
Loans in force at beginning of year, $ 8,908 81 

Receipts — 

Loans paid by churches 

Ft. Worth, Texas $ 75 00 

Roosevelt. N. Dak 56 00 

Wiley, Colo. 600 00 

Slifer, Iowa '. 45 21 

Lawrence, Kansas 600 00 ' 

Lowland, Colo., 40 00 

Onekama. Mich 65 00 

Raisin, Cal 300 00 

Egeland, N. Dak., 100 00 

Elk City, Okla., 44 00 

James River, N. Dak 60 00 

Selma, Virginia 160 00 $ 2,145 21 

Balance of loans in force at close of year, $ 6,763 60 $ 8,908 81 

7. Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 12,235 45 

Earnings Brethren Publishing Hous?, $ 1,573 80 

Earnings Gish Publishing Fund, 668 67 

Receipt No. 9548, 8 25 

Transfer from Missionary Receipts, 10 00 

Receipt No. 9642 10 00 

Receipt No. 102-70, 50 $ 2,271 22 

$ 14,506 67 

Expenditures — 

Paid out in assistance to ministers or their widows, $ 3,999 00 

Balance to new year, $ 10,507 67 

8. Gish Testament Fund 

Receipts — 

Cash from s^ les of Testaments $ 1,433 23 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year $ 132 85 

Printing and binding Testaments, 580 51 $ 713 36 

Balance to new year, $ 719 87 

9. Gish Publishing Fund 

Receipts — 

Income from Gish Endowment $ 3,343 36 

Sales of Gish Fund books, two years, 1,862 79 $ 5,206 15 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year $ 812 13 

To Ministerial and Missionary Relief, 668 67 

Books purchased for Fund 3,014 33 

Expenses of committee, 11 50 $ 4,506 63 

Balance to new year, , , r $ 699 52 

72 Annual Report 

10. Brethren Publishing House 

Receipts — 

From Publishing House. Loan repaid, $ 5,000 00 

20% of House income, 1916-17, 4,507 65 

Interest on investment, 7,869 00 

For insurance, .*. 605 68 $ 17,982 33 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from last year, $ 5,000 00 

Insurance on machinery and stock, 605 68 

To Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund, 1,573 80 

To income endowment for missions, 10,802 85 

$ 17,982 33 

11. Special Funds 

Africa — 

Balance from last year, $ 85 01 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 47 50 $ 132 51 

Japan — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 

Philippines — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 

Porto Rico — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 

Work among the Arabs — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 

South America — 

Balance from last year, , 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 

New England Mission — 

Balance from last year, $ 155 00 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 47 50 202 50 

Southern Native White — 

Balance from last year, $ 93 23 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 89 00 182 23 

San Francisco Mission — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 5 00 

Cuba Mission — 

Balance from last year, $ 283 77 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 47 5Q 33127 

85 30 


81' 40 

234 42 

50 00 

; 145 34 
4 00 

149 34 

Australia — 

Balance from last year. No increase, % 16 00 

Jerusalem Mission — # 

Balance from last year, $ 140 66 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 60 00 200 66 

Italian Mission — 

Balance from last year $ 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 

Colored Mission — 

Balance from last year, 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 

Colored Mission, Industrial — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 

Seattle Churchhouse — 
Receipts — 

Donation. Reported in Visitor, • 5 00 

; 578 66 
229 50 

808 16 

5 121 00 

47 50 

168 50 
397 75 

Annual Report 73 

Expenditures — 

To F. E. Dull, Seattle, Wash. $ 5 00 

Chicago Extension — 
Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 70 00 

Expenditures — 

.To Chicago Sunday School Extension, Chicago, 111., 70 00 

Belgian Relief- 
Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 1,736 01 

Expenditures — 

To American Red Cross Society, $ 1.614 60 

To Relief and Reconstruction Committee 121 41 $ 1,736 01 

Armenian and Syrian Relief — 

Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 24,204 10 

Expenditures — 

To American Com. for Armen. and Syrian Relief, $ 9.988 83 

To Relief and Reconstruction Committee, 14,215 27 24,204 10 

Polish Sufferers — t 

Receipts — 

Donations, 59 05 


To American Red Cross Society, 59 05 

Wounded French Soldiers — 
Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 39 23 

Expenditures — 

To American Red Cross Society, 39 23 

Soldiers' Testament Fund — 

Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 6117 

Expenditures — 

To American Bible Society $ 35 39 

. T© Relief and Reconstruction Committee 25 78 61 17 

Brethren Service Committee — 
Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 156 19 

Expenditures — 

To Relief and Reconstruction Committee, 156 19 

G. J. Fercken Relief Fund- 
Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 57 00 

12. Special Support Funds 

Southern California Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9889, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10407, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Gertrude Emmert, India, $ 300 00 

Middle Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 70 00 

Receipt No. 9825 150 00 

Receipt No. 10364, 150 00 $ 370 00 

74 • Annual Report 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. Jesse B. Emmert in India, $ 300 00 

Balance to new year 70 00 $ 370 00 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9855, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10330, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathryn Ziegler in India, . . . = $ 300 00 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 275 00 

Receipt No. 10255, , 950 00 $ 1,235 00 

Expenditures — 

Receipt No. 10328, 5 00 

Receipt No. 10493, 137 09 $ 373 62 

Receipt No. 9992 . . . , 29 50 

Support Sisters Ida Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, . . . .$ 600 00 

Support Sister Grace Clapper, 249 81 

Balance to new year 375 19 $ 1,225 00 

Nebraska Foreign Fund 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9623, $ 81 90 

Receipt No. 9941, 22 83 

Receipt No. 9976, 97 30 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 227 10 

Support Sister Josephine Powell, 300 00 $ 527 10 

Balance due to new year, $ 153 48 

Middle Iowa Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10476, $ 176 49 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. S. Ira Arnold, $ 300 00 

Balance to new year, $ 123 51 

Pipe Creek Congregation, Maryland 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, . . . . $* 150 00 

Receipt No. 10104, 250 00 • 

Income on endowment, 50 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. W. B. Stover in India $ 300 00 

Balance to new year, 150 00 $ 450 00 

Cedar Rapids Sunday Schools, Iowa 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9666, $ 350 00. 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Emma Horning in China, $ 350 00 

Quemahoning Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipt No. 9561, $ 118 75 

Annual Report 75 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 1 18 75 

First Church, Philadelphia 
On hand at beginning of year. No receipts or expenditures, $ 300 00 

S. G. Nickey and W. I. Buckingham Families 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9968 $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10293, '. 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Barbara Nickey in India, $ 300 00 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9791 $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10225, 50 00 

Transfer from World-Wide, 50 00 

Receipt No. 10369, 35 00 

Receipt No. 10450, '. 65 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 350 00 

Support Bro. D. J. Lichty in India, 250 00 $ 600 00 

Balance due to new year, $ 250 00 

Mt. Morris Sunday School, Illinois 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10481, $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

Toward support of Sister Sadie J. Miller in India, $ 250 00 

Bethel Congregation and Sunday School, Nebraska 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9586, $ 109 00 

Receipt No. 9906, 66 00 

Receipt No. 10089, 130 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. R. C. Flory in China, $ 350 00 

Second and Northern Virginia, Districts 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9656, .' $ 63 50 

Receipt No. 10042 17 00 

Receipt No. 10062, 110 44 

Receipt No. 10453, 283 00 

Receipt No. 10:00 30 00 $ 503 94 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. and Sister I. S. Long in India, $ 600 00 

Deficit from last year, 262 29 $ 862 29 

Deficit to new year $ 358 35 

Oakley Congregation and Sunday School, Illinois 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9747 $ 35 50 

Receipt No. 10:49 64 29 $ 99 79 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ida Buckingham in Sweden, $ 300- 00 

Deficit to new year, $ 200 21 

76 Annual Report • 

Middle Indiana Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9707, . . . $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Rosa Kaylor in India $ 300 00 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Society, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10494, , $ 900 00 

Support Bro. A. W. Ross and family in India $ 900 00 

Southern Indiana Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10097, $ 175 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. W. J. Heisey in India $ 175 00 

Virden and Girard Sunday .Schools, Illinois 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9681, $ 75 00 

Receipt No. 9729, 75 00 

Receipt No. 10078, : 75 00 

Receipt No. 10110, 75 00 $ 300 00 

Support Dr. Laura Cottrell in India $ 300 00 

Cerro Gordo Sunday School, Illinois 
Receipt No. 9780, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10473, 1*50 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. A. R. Cottrell in India, $ 300 00 

Dallas Center Sunday School, Iowa 
Receipt No. 9630, .'$ 37 00 

Receipt No. 9709, 3 00 

Receipt No. 9932, 50 00 

Receipt No. 10392, 66 67 $ 156 67 

Expenditures — 

Towards Support Sister Anna M. Hutchison in China, $ 156 67 

Bear Creek Congregation, Ohio 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9880, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10456, : 150 00 $ 300 Q0 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna M. Eby in India, $ 300 00 

Peach Blossom Congregation, Maryland 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10459, $ ■ 234 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Sister Anna M. Hutchison in China, $ 234 00 

Altoona Sunday School, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10415, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Annual Report 77 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh in India $ 300 00 

Shade Creek, Rummel, Scalp Level Congregations, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10216, $ 75 00 

Receipt No. 10294, 150 00 $ 225 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna Z. Blough in India, $ 300 00 

Deficit to new year, 75 00 

Sunday Schools of Southern Ohio 
Balance from last year, $ 50 00 

Receipt No. 10447, 600 00 $ 650 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. J. M. Pittenger in India, $ 300 00 

Support Bro. J. Homer Bright, in China, 350 00 $ 650 00 

Northeastern Ohio Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9810, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10411, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Goldie Swartz in India, $ 300 00 

Antietam Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9892, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10497, 150 00 

Income Oiler Endowment 300 00 $ 600 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Nora Lichty in India, $ 300 00 

Support Sister Lizzie Flory in China, 300 00 $ 600 00 

Huntingdon Congregation and College, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Conference offering, $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. J. M. Blough in India, $ 300 00 

Northern Indiana Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9676 $ 525 00 

Receipt No. 9915, 475 00 $ 1,000 0C 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Mary Stover in India, $ 300 00 

Support Sister Winnie Cripe in China, 350 00 

Support Sister Minerva Metzger in China, 350 00 $ 1,000 00 

Southwestern Kansas District 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9909 $ 15 00 

Receipt No. 9984 350. 00 

Receipt No. 10414, 335 00 $ 700 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. and Sister F. H. Crumpacker in China, $ 700 00 

78 Annual Report 

Southern Illinois Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9866 , $ 150 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Eliza B. Miller in India, $ 300 00 

Deficit to new year, .7 $ 150 00 

English River Congregation, Iowa 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9837, ! $ 100 00 

Receipt No. 10308, 116 75 

Receipt No. 10347, ' 60 00 $ 276 75 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 143 00 

Towards support Sister Nettie Senger in China, 133 75 $ 276 75 

Salem Congregation, Ohio 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9569, $ ' 220 00 

Receipt No. 9691, 130 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Minnie Bright in China, ' $ 350 00 

La Verne Congregation and Sunday School, California 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 192 70 

Receipt No. 9832, 400 00 

Conference offering, 150 00 $ 742 70 

Expenditures — \ 

Support Bro. and Sister Ernest Vaniman in China, $ 700 00 

Balance to new year, 42 70 $ 742 70 

Coon River Congregation, Iowa 

Receipt No. 10477, $ 25182 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 335 48 

Towards support Sister Eliz. Arnold in India, $ 83 66 

Northern Virginia Sunday School 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 10 00 

Receipt No. 9695, 150 00 

Receipt No. 10062, 150 00 

Receipt No. 10500 40 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Fred J. Wampler in China, $ 350 00 

Isaiah and Olive Brenaman 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9643, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10136, 150 00 $ ' 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. J. I. Kaylor in India, $ 300 00 

Midway Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10182, , $ 150 00 

Annual Report 79 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Bro. J. F. Graybill in Sweden, $ 150 00 

Manchester College Sunday School, Indiana 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10401, $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Laura M. Shock in China, $ 350 00 

Deficit to new year, $ 100 00 

Middle Missouri District 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9955 $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10024, 12 00 $ 162 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Jennie Mohler in India, $ 300 00 

Deficit to new year, $ 138 00 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from bst year, $ 200 00 

Receipt No. 9722, . . 130 00 

Receipt No. 9772, 20 00 

Receipt No. 10141, 175 00 $ 525 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Rebecca C. Wampler in China, $ 350 00 

Balance to new year, 175 00 $ 525 00 

Northern Iowa Sunday Schools 

Receipt No. 9928 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna V. Blough, $ 350 00 

Tulpehocken Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No 9697 $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10130 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister B. Mary Royer in India, " $ 300 00 

Elizabethtown Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9698 $ 175 00 

Receipt No. 10181, 175 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Bessie M. Rider in China, $ 350 00 

Walnut Sunday School, Northern Indiana 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10070, $ 150 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Bro. A. T. Hoffert in India, $ 150 00 

Painter Creek Congregation, Ohio 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9743, $ 98 53 

Conference offering, 76 47 

Receipt No. 10126, 175 00 $ 350 00 

80 Annual Report 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. O. G. Brubaker in China, $ 350 00 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9535, $ 20 00 

* 10 00 

Receipt No. 9862, 100 00 

Receipt No. 9956, 69 00 

Receipt No. 10172, 84 00 

Receipt No. 10245, 25 00 

Receipt No. 10278, 29 00 

Receipt No. 10319, 4 06 

Receipt No. 10368, 5 00 

Receipt No. 10442, 18 00 

Receipt No. 10449, 14 01 

Receipt No. 10465, 12 37 

Receipt No. 10492 6 00 

Receipt No. 10493, 24 56 $ 421 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathryn Garner in India, $ 450 00 

Balance to new year, $ 29 00 

♦This pays support since Jan. 1, 1917. 

Middle Maryland Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9806, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 9857, 150 00 

Receipt No. 10286, 150 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. H. P. Garner in India, $ 450 00* 

♦This pays support since Jan. 1, 1917. 

Woodbury Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Balance from last year, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10149, 150 00 $ . 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Florence Pittenger in India $ 300 00 

Trotwood Congregation, Ohio 
Balance from last year $ 40 00 

Conference offering, 381 00 $ 421 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister I. E. Oberholtzer in China $ 350 00 

Balance to new year, 71 00 $ 421 00 

Three Churches, Virginia 
Balance from last year $ 1 50 

Conference offering, 75 40 

Receipt No. 10046 98 10 

Receipt No. 10397 175 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. I. E. Oberholtzer in China, $ 350 00 

Annual Report 81 

Mechanicsburg Christian Workers and Willing Workers, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. ,9728, $ 18 75 

Receipt No. 10262, 37 50 $ 56 25 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Sister Mary Emmert in India, $ 56 25 

Miscellaneous Supports of Missionary Children 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9684. Support Albert Long, $ 25 00 

Receipt No. 9831. Support Calvin Bright, 37 50 

Receipt No. 9947. Support Albert Long, 25 00 

Receipt No. 10246. Support Leland Brubaker, 75 00 

Receipt No. 10295. Support Albert Long, 25 00 

Receipt No. 10448. Support Daniel W. Stover 75 00 

Receipt No. 10482, 2 50 $ 265 00 

Expenditures — 

To India Expense, $ 152 50 

To China Expense, 112 50 $ 265 00 

Northwestern Kansas Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10384, $ 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. H. L. Alley in India, $ 

C. H. Erb and wife 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10466, $ 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Cora Brubaker in China, $ 

North Manchester Sunday School, Indiana 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9819, $ 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. A. F. Wine in Denmark, $ 

Idaho and Western Montana Christian Workers 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10221, $ 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anetta Mow in India, $ 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10254, $ 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister H. L. Alley in India, $ 

Knob Creek Congregation, Tennessee 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10487, $ 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna B. Seese in China, „ $ 

Chiques Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10499, $ 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Alice Graybill in Sweden, - ' $ 

150 00 

150 00 

175 00 

175 00 

150 00 

150 00 

150 00 

150 00 

150 00 

150 00 

175 00 

175 00 

150 00 

150 00 


Annual Report 

13. India Native Workers 



Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9505, . 

Receipt No. 9516, . 

Receipt No. 9521, . 

Receipt No. 9522, . 

Receipt No. 9538, 

Receipt No. 9536, .. 

Receipt No. 9544, . 

Receipt No. 9570, . 

Receipt No. 9579, 

Receipt No. 9612, 

Receipt No. 9618, . 

Receipt No. 9622, . 

Receipt No. 9625, . 

Receipt No. 9632, . 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 9644, 

Receipt No. 9647, 

Receipt No. 9652. 

Receipt No. 9654, 

Receipt No. 9658, 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 9704, 
Receipt No. 9717, 

Receipt No. 9719, 
Receipt No. 9734, 
Receipt No. 9735, 
Receipt No. 9736, 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 9778, 
Receipt No. 9788, 
Receipt No. 9790, 
Receipt No. 9820, 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 9873, . . 
Conference offering, 
Receipt No. 9882, . . 
Receipt No. 9894, . . 
Receipt No. 9896, . . 
Receipt No. 9847, . . 
Receipt No. 9902, . . 
Receipt No, 9903, , . 




60 00 

60 00 

15 00 

60 00 

40 00 

15 00 

15 00 

30 00 

15 50 

15 00 

60 00 

35 00 

12 50 

75 00 

60 00 

60 00 

12 32 

30 00 

10 00 

15 00 

15 00 

15 00 

72 50 

30 00 

15 00 

16 00 

15 00 

30 00 

15 00 

30 00 

5 00 

12 50 

30 00 

15 00 

30 00 

60 00 

15 00 

5 00 

15 00 

25 00 

15 00 

15 00 

12 50 

30 00 

60 00 

5 00 

15 00 

15 00 

30 00 

60 00 

30 00 

4 00 

15 00 

25 00 

12 32 


!92 83 

30 00 

15 00 

25 00 

5 00 

15 00 

23 3Q 

Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt Nq. 

10007, . , 
10013, . 

10016, . 

10017, . 
10019, . 

10033, . 

10034, . 

10036, . 

10037, . 
10041, . 
10052, . 

10054, . 

10055, . 
10073, . 

10086, . 

10087, . 
10093, . 
10117, . 
10128, . 
10131, . 
10133, . 
10136, . 
10146, . 
10150, . 
10156, . 

10163, . 

10164, . 
10161, . 
10180, . 
10189, . 
192, ... 
197, ... 
10207, . 
10211, . 
10215, . 
223, ... 
10229, . 

10231, . 

10232, . 
10247, . 
10253, . 
10269, . 
10277, . 
10296, . 
10301, . 

10309, . 

10310, . 
10314, . 
10333, . 

10335, . 

10336, . 

10337, . 
10340, . 
10353, . 
10355, . 
10366, . 
10394, . 
10405, . 

10412, . 

10413, . 
10421, . 

10430, . 

10431, . 

12 50 
15 00 
22 55 
30 00 

5 00 
30 00 
25 00 
30 00 
30 00 
30 00 
15 00 
15 00 
15 00 
30 00 
15 00 
22 39 

5 00 
15 00 
32 00 
15 00 

25 00 
30 00 

50 00 
15 00 
47 29 
15 00 
60 00 
15 00 

5 00 
60 00 
15 00 
30 00 

51 08 
15 00 
15 00 

6 45 
30 00 
40 00 
10 65 
60 00 
.15 00 
30 00 
30 00 

5 00 

15 00 
30 00 

12 50 

26 85 
30 00 

16 00 

13 95 
15 00 
25 00 
20 00 
15 00 
30 00 
15 00 

5 00 
15 00 

5 00 
15 00 
60 00 
32 00 

Annual Report 


Receipt No. 9908 $ 14 15 

Receipt No. 9910 30 00 

Receipt No. 9918, 36 00 

Receipt No. 9925 15 00 

Receipt No. 9942, 30 00 

Receipt No. 9946, 5 00 

Receipt No. 9954, 15 00 

Receipt No. 9963, 30 00 

Receipt No. 9974, 30 00 

Receipt No. 9981 10 00 

Receipt No. 9988, 15 00 

Receipt No. 9996, 25 

Receipt No. 10003 15 00 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 10434, 
Receipt No. 10435, 
Receipt No. 10440, 
Receipt No. 10445, 
Receipt No. 10445, 
Receipt No. 10446, 
Receipt No. 10451, 
Receipt No. 10455, 
Receipt No. 10457, 
Receipt No. 10460, 
Receipt No. 10498, 
Income Endowment, 

14. India Transmission 


9525, . 

9560, . 

9567, . 

9576, . 

9577, . 
9581, . 
9689, . 
9731, . 
9755, . 
9769, . 
9777, . 

9782, . 

9783, . 
9807, . 
9869, . 
9895, . 
9935, . 

9976, . 

9977, . 
9990, . 

150 00 

4 00 

1 10 
6 55 

19 38 

150 00 

10 19 

19 17 

5 00 
52 00 

2 00 
75 00 
40 00 

5 68 

5 00 
21 09 

10 00 
25 00 

5 00 
18 00 
28 64 

Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 





Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 

5 00 
15 00 
120 00 
30 00 
30 00 
60 00 
75 00 
15 00 
30 00 
30 00 
15 00 
60 00 

$ 4,123 38 

10038, $ 35 00 

10090, ' 50 25 

10091, 70 00 

10096, 23 60 

10098, 8 00 

10109 13 34 

10118, 7 00 

10125 75 00 

10129, 5 00 

10132, 326 47 

10136, 10 00 

10142, 15 00 

10155, 30 00 

10168, 2 00 

10185, 159 00 

10196, 2 00 

10198 5 00 

10322, 8 63 

10385, 5 00 

10444 10 00 

10483, 2 50 

$ 1,516 09 

15. China Native Workers 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9542, $ 15 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9555 36 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9562 25 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9577, 15 57 Rece 

Receipt No. 9588, 9 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9589, 15 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9590, 10 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9596, 12 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9603, 8 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9611, 15 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9624 60 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9665, ' 15 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9667, 60 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9703, 15 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9720, 60 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9741, 8 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9757, 15 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9797, 60 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9798, 15 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9802, 15 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9804, 9 00 Rece 

Receipt No. 9813, 2122 Rece 

Receipt No. 9828, 36 00 Rece 

pt No 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 


9 00 
24 60 
15 00 
15 00 
60 00 
15 00 
8 00 
7 50 

7 50 
15 00 
15 00 
60 00 
60 00 
60 00 
75 00 

8 00 
60 00 
15 00 
36 00 

7 00 

23 38 

7 50 

7 50 


Annual Report 

Receipt No. 9843, $ 7 60 

Receipt No. 9844, 7 60 

Receipt No. 9846, 8 00 

Receipt No. 9848, 15 00 

Receipt No. 9854, . 75 00 

Conference Offering, 100 00 

Receipt No. 9890, 120 00 

Receipt No. 9921, 15 00 

Receipt No. 9951, 8 00 

Receipt No. 9964, 15 00 

Receipt No. 9967, 10 00 

Receipt No. 9983, 65 00 

Receipt No. 10329, $ 

Receipt No. 10331, . '. , 

Receipt No. 10356, 

Receipt No. 10357, 

Receipt No. 10403, 

Receipt No. 10408, 

Receipt No. 10432, 

Receipt No. 10472, , 

Receipt No. 10474, 

Receipt No. 10486, . . . . 

$ 15 00 

25 00 

15 00 

30 00 

75 00* 

15 00 

8 00 

15 00 

15 00 

63 87 

1,883 84 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Transfer, . . 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Transfer, . . 
Receipt No. 

16. China Transmission 





3 00 
6 00 
2 00 
5 00 
5 00 
10 00 
5 00 

25 56 

2 35 
2 35 

1 00 
10 00 

Receipt No. 9962, 
Receipt No. 10008, 
Receipt No. 10014, 
Receipt No. 10025, 
Receipt No. 10101, 
Receipt No. 10105, 
Receipt No. 10121, 
Receipt No. 10123, 
Receipt No. 10125, 
Receipt No. 10184, 
Receipt No. 10287, 
Receipt No. 10307, 
Receipt No. 10461, 

$ 13 48 

25 00 

5 00 

15 00 

10 00 

2 00 

125 00 

5 00 

25 00 

<9 05 

12 25 

10 00 

3 10 

$ 339 04 

17. Sweden Transmission 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9517, $ 5 00 Receipt No. 10063, 

Receipt No. 9891, 5 00 Receipt No. 10064, 

Receipt No. 9919, 5 00 Receipt No. 10068, 

Receipt No. 10026, 15 00 Receipt No. 10383, 

Receipt No. 10058, 75 00 

Receipt No. 10O59, 5 00 

40 00 
5 00 
5 00 

10 00 

170 00 

18. Ping Ting Hospital 

Receipt No. 9740, .....$ 15 00 

Receipt No. 9856, 25 00 

Receipt No. 9974 .' 25 00 

Transfer Conference offering, • 411 78 

Receipt No. 10284, 100 00 

Receipt No. 10373, 25 00 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 913 51 $ 1,515 29 

19. Liao Chou (Hiel Hamilton Memorial) Hospital 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9983, $ 35 00 

Receipt No. 10206, 20 00 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 1,323 85 $ 1,378 85 

20. Annual Meeting Committees 

Expenditures — 

Expenses Auditing Committee, 1917, 

$ 125 63 

Annual Report 


21. Publication Account 

Expenditures — 

Tracts and carriage on same, $ 889 88 

Rebate on old book and tract accounts, 229 28 

Missionary Gospel Messengers and periodicals, 1,767 66 

Annual Report of Board, 1,200 00 

Missionary Visitor, '6,254 28 $ 10,341 10 

22. General Expense Account 

Expenditures — 

Insurance on Publishing House Building, $ 301 34 

Board's traveling expense, 250 27 

Salaries '4,066 01 

Traveling secretaries, 1,991 22 

Postage 641 69 

Office equipment, 503 16 

Medical exams of workers, 32 38 

Tolls, cables, telegrams and phone rent, 124 36 

Traveling expenses, 102 18 

Fidelity bonds, 62 50 

Reports, reprints, etc., 54 44 

Office supplies, printing, stationery, etc., 512 16 $ 8,641 71 

23. District Mission Work 

Expenditures — 

Southeastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York, . 

Northern California, 

Southern California and Arizona, : 


Northwestern Kansas, Northeastern Colorado, 


Northwestern Ohio, 

Southern Iowa, , 

Texas and Louisiana, 

Eastern Maryland, 

Nebraska, . 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin. For Chicago Extension, 

First Virginia, 


Southeastern Kansas, 

24. Endowment Funds 

$ 180 00 

600 00 

450 00 

550 00 

125 00 

250 00 

500 00 

450 00 

450 00 

375 00 

250 00 

250 00 

40 00 

300 00 

250 00 

$ 5,020 00 

Note. The number preceding the amount is the number of receipt sent donor. 
Donations to World-Wide — 
Pennsylvania — 

9518 $ 2,000 00 

9524 1,000 00 














100 00 

400 00 

50 00 

1,000 00 

5,112 64 

25 00 

100 00 

100 00 

100 00 

100 00 

100 00 

200 00 


9571, * ..$ 2,000 00 

9595 600 00 

9605 500 00 

10076 1,000 00 

10122, 50 00 

10144, 50 00 

10159, 500 00 

10170 2,000 00 

10244, 25 00 

10290, 20 00 

$ 6,745 00 

West Virginia- 

3,000 00 $13,387 64 9613, $ 6,000 00 $ 6,000 00 


Annual Report 

Pennsylvania — 



9638, ...... 








10224, ..... 




Nebraska — 
10166, . 

Illinois — 
9648, .. 
9708, .. 
9760, .. 
9787, .. 
9789, .. 
10099, . 
10120, . 
10175, . 
10239, . 
10404, , 

Missouri — 

I 500 00 

200 00 

200 00 

88 41 

1,000 00 

100 00 

100 00 

1,000 00 

50 00 

1,000 00 

100 00 

50 00 

50 00 

1,000 00 $ 

F 5,000 00 $ 

£ 300 00 

700 00 

200 00 

200 00 

50 00 

1,000 00 

12 50 

500 00 

100 00 

300 00 

900 00 $ 

9566, . 

9886, . 








; 200 oo 

300 00 

100 oo 

500 00 

500 00 

34 62 

25 00 

123 27 

100 00 

$ 2,007 89 

Iowa — 

9523, $ 100 00 

10050, 50 00 

10238, 1,000 00 

5,438 41 10250, 200 00 

10342, 20 00 

10351, 100 00 $ 1,470 00 

5,000 00 

Delaware — 

9649, '. $ 1,000 00 $ 1,000 00 

Colorado — 

10323, $ 1,000 00 $ 1,000 00 

Oklahoma — 

9803, $ 800 00 $ 800 00 

Maryland — 

9811, $ 200 00 


4,262 50 10438, 

California — ■ 

9738 $ 100 00 

10072, 1,000 00 

10205, 2,000 00 $ 3,100 00 





Wisconsin — 10433, 

9696 $ 3,000 00 $ 3,000 00 Kansas _ 

Virginia — 9701 

9527, $ 25 00 10279,'!'.'.., 

9556, 100 00 

Total donations to World-Wide endowment for year, 
Transfer from Publishing House reserve, 

200 00 
100 00 


500 00 


100 00 
100 00 
150 00 
20 00 
100 00 


470 00 


20 00 
50 00 


70 00 


54,251 44 
40,900 00 

$ 95,151 44 

Less transfers to other Funds, per order of donors, $ 31,500 00 

Total increase in World-Wide endowment for year, $ 63,651 44 

Total on hand at beginning of year, 845,159 63 $908,811 07 

Donations to Annuity Mission Endowment — 

Illinois — 

9504, ■... $ 14,500 00 

9616, 1,000 00 $ 15,500 00 


10112,. $ 2,000 00 $ 2,000 00 

Iowa — 

9922 $ 1,500 00 $ 1,500 00 

California — 

10234 $ 1,000 00 $ 1,000 00 

Annual Report 87 

Indiana — 

9532 $ 200 00 $ 200 00 

Washington — 

9830 $ 500 00 $ 500 00 

Total donations' for year . 20,700 00 

Transfers to this fund from World- 
Wide endowment, $ 30,000 00 $ 50,700 00 

Less transfers to World-wide Mis- 
sions per request and contract 
agreement . $ 7,500 00 

Total increase of fund for year, $ 43,200 00 

Total on hand at beginning of 

year, $ 88,567 21 $131,767 21 

India Endowment — 

On hand at beginning of year, no change, $ 3,860 00 

China Endowment — 

On hand at beginning of year, no change, $ 1,300 00 

H. H. Rohrer Endowment Fund — 

On hand at beginning of year, no change $ 1,000 00 

Gish Estate— 

On hand at beginning of year, $ 56,325 52 

Receipt No. 9867, 341 56 $ 56,667 08 

Total endowment at close of year, all funds, ' $1,103,405 36 

25. Gospel Messenger Endowment 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10106, $ 5 00 

Balance from last year, 12,275 00 

Balance to new year, $ 12,280 00 

26. Denver Colored Home 

Receipts — 

Rentals from property, $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Taxes and upkeep, $ 253 86 

To income endowment, 46 14 

Balance due from old year, 8,000 00 $ 8,300 00 

Balance on hand to new year $ 8,000 00 

27. West Alexandria Farm, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Income from property, $ 13 90 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from last year, 176 26 

Balance due to new year, $ 162 36 

28. Statement of Ledger 

Cash, $ 13,913 56 

88 Annual Report 


World-Wide Fund $ 4,683 66 

Accounts receivable, 910 51 

(Cash $3,773 15) 


Church Extension Fund, . . $11,588 84. 

Church Extension, Bills Receivable, . .$ 6,763 60 

(Cash $4,82* 24) 


Missionary Children's School, $ 23 25 

Quinter Hospital Furnishings, 262 00 

Dahanu Hospital, 961 97 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, 7,828 24 

India Hospital, 232 25 

Boarding School Buildings, 100 00 

Orphanage, 2,479 32 

Native Workers, 1,706 16 

(Cash $13,593 19) 


South China Mission, '. $ 363 02 

Crumpacker House, Ping Ting, 200 00 

Hospital, . .' 3,647 05 

Liao Girls' School Building, 2,700 37 

Native Workers, 736 54 

Ping Ting Hospital, $ 2,663 07 

Hiel Hamilton Hospital, 1,299 77 

(Cash $3,684 14) 


Africa, -. $ 132 51 

Japan, ' 85 30 

Philippines, 81 40 

Porto Rico, '. 234 42 

Work among the Arabs, 50 00 

South America, 149 34 

New England Mission, .- 202 50 

Southern Native White, 182 23 

San Francisco Mission, 5 00 

Cuba Mission 331 27 

Australia, . . . ' 16 00 

Jerusalem Mission, 200 66 

Italian Mission, 808 16 

Colored Mission, 168 50 

Colored Mission, Industrial, 397 75 

(Cash $3,045 04) 


Sweden Churchhouse, $ 67 50 

Gish Testament Fund, 719 87 

Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund, 10,507 67 

Gish Publishing Fund, 699 52 

Stover Lecture Foundation, 242 66 

Fercken Relief Fund, 57 00 

(Cash $12,294 22) 


70 00 

375 19 

153 48 

123 51 


150 00 

300 00 

250 00 

358 35 

200 21 

75 00 

150 00 

42 70 

100 00 

138 00 

Annual Report 89 


Middle Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 

Nebraska Foreign Fund, i 

Middle Iowa Sunday-schools, 

Pine Creek Congregation, 

First Church, Philadelphia, 

Mt. Morris Missionary Society, 

Second and Northern Virginia, 

Oakley Congregation and Sunday-school, 

Shade Creek, Scalp Level and Rummel 

Southern Illinois Sunday-schools 

La Verne Congregation and Sunday-school, 

Manchester College Sunday-school, 

Middle Missouri, 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday-schools, 175 00 

Northern Illinois Sunday-schools, A 29 00 

Trotwood Congregation, * 71 00 

(Cash overdrawn $393 66) 


Denmark Poor Fund, $ 3,944 90 

H. H. Rohrer Memorial Fund, 1,000 00 

Brethren Publishing House Investment, $131,150 00 

India Endowment 3,860 00 

China Endowment, 1,300 00 

Gospel Messenger Endowment, 12,280 00 

Mission Endowment, 131,767 21 

World-Wide Endowment, 908,811 07 

Endowment Bills Receivable, 545 00 

Real Estate, 545 00 

West Alexandria Farm, 162 36 

Denver Home Property, 8,000 00 

Reiff Estate, Philadelphia, 1,769 31 

Stouffer Estate, York 50 00 

Gish Estate, 56,667 08 

Gilbert Estate, 4,160 05 

(Cash overdrawn $26,907 76) 

29. Statement of Cash 

World-Wide Fund, $ 3,773 15 

Church Extension, 4,825 24 

India Fund, 13,593 19 

China Fund, 3,684 14 

Special Funds, ._ 3,045 04 

Miscellaneous Funds, 12,294 22 

Special Support Funds, $ 393 66 

Interest Bearing Funds, 26,907 76 

Cash on hand, 13,913 56 

$ 41,214 98 $ 41,214 98 

30. Interest Bearing Funds. Received During the Year 

Receipts — 

Balance cash from last year, : $ 3,009 91 

Bills Receivable, loans paid, 186,770 65 

Denmark Poor Fund, interest, 219 78 

Mission Endowment, 13,200 00 

World-Wide Endowment, 54,251 44 

Gospel Messenger Endowment, 5 00 

Payments on Real Estate, 130 00 

West Alexandria Farm, Ohio, 13 90 

$289,850 00 

$248,300 00 

50 00 

40,000 00 

1,500 00 

$289,850 00 

$ 13,913 56 

1,009,021 40 

131,150 00 

6,763 60 

545 00 

162 36 

8,000 00 

1,769 31 

50 00 

910 51 

$1,172,285 74 

1,130,427 83 

90 Anmtal Report 

Brethren Publishing House, Loan, , , , ." , 5,000 00 

Gish Estate, , , 341 56 

Overdrawn, , , 26,907 76 

Expenditures — 

Bills Receivable, New Loans, 

Stouffer Estate, York, 

Brethren Publishing House, Reserve, 

World-Wide Endowment, 

31. Assets 

Cash on hand, 

Bills Receivable, secured by mortgages 

Brethren Publishing House, Investment, 

Church Extension, Bills Receivable, 

Real Estate, 

West Alexandria Farm, 

Denver Home Property, 

Reiff Estate, Philadelphia, .., 

Stouffer Estate, York, 

Accounts Receivable, 

Total assets March 1, 1918, * 

Total assets March 1, 1917 

Total increase, $ 41,857 91 


(Continued from Page 56) 

splendid work. Some who could not attend the meetings did their share of the work 

at home. We had about sixteen rupees in the treasury at the end of the year. Part 

of this money was used for church benches, and part for District Meeting offering. 

In February the Widows' Home was moved to Bulsar, and it was my privilege 
to take charge of that work. The number of persons in the Home varied, as some 
came in and others went out. On the average there were about six women and ten 
children. Four of the children are motherless and under four years of age. 

In March the Gujerat Missionary Conference was held at Bulsar. About thirty- 
five missionaries from the different missions attended. The meeting was in session 
only one day, but it took quite a lot of time to plan and arrange proper accommodations 
even for the one day. 

During April and May we went to Ahwa to relieve Bro. Pittengers while they went 
to the hills for a much-needed rest. While we were away Sister Ross took charge, of 
the Widows' Home and Sister Eliza Miller the women's work. 

The next four months, during the unusually heavy monsoon, our Aid Society dwin- 
dled down to almost nothing. Only a few of the faithful who lived nearest the church 
attended regularly. In all places one can find a few faithful who are not affected by 
difficult circumstances. 

During the first week in November our missionaries came to Bulsar for a week 
of Bible study and prayer. We had a glorious feast of good things. 

Bro. Pittenger was compelled to give up his work at-Ahwa on account of ill health. 
They are at Bulsar, in our home, where the best medical help from our doctors can be 
had. We are here in their home trying to carry forward their work. Sister Pittenger 
now has charge of the Widows' Home and the women's work at Bulsar. 

Having been here two months this year it was easy for us to take up the work, 
for we had learned to know the Christians and workers. We have just had a pleasant 
Christmas season. 

Annual Report 91 


The fortune of Brother and Sister James R. Gish, representing a little less than 
$60,000.00 — a sum of money gathered together through strenuous, honorable toil on 
their part- — was invested with the General Mission Board by Sister Gish. During her 
lifetime she received a small annuity from the money, and now that she has gone to 
her reward the entire income is used for books for our ministers and assistance to 
superannuated ministers and missionaries. The following pages are a short history, 
principally statistics, of what the fund has done so far for our ministers. 

The Fund is governed by the following rules: 

Section 1. Name. — The name of this fund shall be the Gish Publishing Fund. 

Section 2. Fund. — This fund shall consist of the estate of James R. and Barbara 
Gish, estimated value, $50,000; with any other funds that may hereafter be added to it. 

Section 3. Purpose. — The purpose of this fund shall be to supply the ministers of 
the Church of the Brethren with such books and other printed matter as may be helpful 
to them in advancing and maintaining the Truth. 

Section 4. Supervision. — The General Mission Board shall appoint a committee of 
three, so arranged in term of office that the time of one member expires each year, 
whose duty it shall be 

(a) To examine and pass upon publications issued and distributed by this fund. 

(b) To arrange with the publication department for publication and distribution 
of publications selected. 

Section 5. Surplus. — Any surplus on hand at the end of the fiscal year of the Gen- 
eral Mission Board shall, after proper allowance has been made for selected books not 
yet published, be turned over to the fund for superannuated and disabled ministers and 
missionaries; but should it not be needed in said fund, then it shall be given to the 
World-wide Mission Fund. 

Section 6. Terms. — The publications shall be distributed free or at greatly reduced 
rates, at no time the price asked being more than the cost of publication, including the 
expense for delivery. 

Section 7. Report. — The General Mission Board shall cause to be published an an- 
nual report of the fund, including the list of books published and the number of copies 
distributed each year. 

Record of Book Distribution 

Previously Sent out Total to 

sent out during 1916 date 

Annual Meeting Minutes, 937 937 

Alone with God, 2,233 172 2,405 

Archaeology and the Bible 292 292 

Bible Dictionary, 2,255 84 2,339 

Bible Manners and Customs 2,034 2,034 

Bible Readings and Studies, 1,425 86 1,511 

Bible Atlas, 1,509 71 1,580 

Blaikie's Bible History, 900 84' 984 

Book of Books, 2,415 2,415 

Bound Tracts, 2,499 2,499 

Boy Problem in the Home 321